home Article How to tell if a goldfish is pregnant

How to tell if a goldfish is pregnant

You are madly in love with your job, and at the same time every day you force yourself to go to work as to hard labor. Think about it: maybe the reason is in the team that hates you.?

tell, goldfish, pregnant

If something seems to you, then most likely it does not seem to you. says popular wisdom that will turn anyone into paranoid. How can you avoid depression and nervous tics if you think your coworkers don’t like you? Make sure if this is really so.

9 Signs They Don’t Like You At Work, And How To Change It

Signs that coworkers dislike you

  • They do not communicate with you on third-party topics. If all colleagues talk to you exclusively about work, do not ask about family and hobbies, although they talk about this constantly among themselves, most likely they do not like you.
  • They never agree with you on anything. Often, colleagues do not even want to listen to the renegade’s proposal to the end, cutting it off in mid-sentence. In such situations, everyone present understands that the team feels a very strong dislike for one of the employees.
  • You are being ignored. Not only do employees not listen to you in meetings, but often they forget to answer even a greeting or say goodbye at the end of the day? One of two things: either they are very busy, or they are opposed to you.
  • All jokes are in milk. Even the most witty commentary of an unloved colleague is met by others with stony faces, and those who break down and smile are rewarded with cold looks.
  • You are being shown superiority. If coworkers talk down to you and act like they are older than they are, you are definitely not their favorite. A protective tone with a great stretch is acceptable in relation to a beginner. But if you’ve been with the company for six months or more, it can be a sign of dislike and attempts to rise at your expense.
  • There are rumors about you. Colleagues giggle behind their backs, whisper, but fall silent when you enter the room, and the most unceremonious ask if it is true that you inherited the house, are pregnant with your boss, work part-time in a competing company (or your own version).
  • You are not invited. Meeting with colleagues outside the office. is this something from the section of fiction for you? Dine and drink coffee alone? This means that your employees are at least wary of you.
  • You are always in the role of the culprit. Co-workers constantly make you the sole culprit of certain incidents, even if you are not at all involved in them. Your achievements are either ignored, belittled, or ascribed to completely different people. And if you really screw up, the bosses will be in the know within half an hour.
  • They are looking for a new place for you. When colleagues constantly send you links to different vacancies, “feel sorry” for you because of low salaries and mountains of responsibilities and vying with each other that this company will not give you anything, there is a great possibility that they just want to get rid of you.

How to handle

Once you’ve found that you are truly disliked at work, you have three options:

  • Accept and continue to live in a hostile environment, but this is fraught with constant psychological discomfort, which can result in real depression. Therefore, if you are ready to come to terms with dislike at work, then at least at home try to be in the circle of people who love you. family and friends, as well as pets.
  • Leave and not turn around. in some cases, especially if you don’t really value the place in the company itself, dismissal may be the best way out.
  • Solve problems with colleagues. This path is not the easiest, and they start with themselves. Find out what was the main reason for the dislike of colleagues, and fight it if possible. Find a ringleader (in any team there is an informal leader) and talk to him. Make friends with like-minded people: perhaps the cold looks of colleagues are intended not only for you, but also for one or two “lucky ones”, find them and become friends.

We also advise you to take a closer look at the situation. It may turn out that you really just feel that you are not loved. But in reality, everything is not so bad, and you simply do not notice how much you are appreciated.

Reproduction of fish, like any other animals, is a very complex physiological process, which is always accompanied by a number of features and which is influenced by the environment, both natural and artificial.

Fish that are ready for reproduction after fertilization often need to be kept in special conditions, but for this it is important to correctly determine whether the fish is really pregnant. Each fish breed has its own characteristics, which are expressed both in a change in the color of females and in an increase in the abdomen.

Swordsmen

Females of swordsmen are ready to mate already from 8 months, because it is at this age that these fish end puberty.
If a female swordsman is pregnant, a dark spot appears on her belly, and the belly itself takes on a rounded shape. Closer to childbirth, the tummy increases and takes on a square shape.

Cock fish

In the breed of cockerel fish, puberty begins as early as 4 months, a white spot becomes a hallmark of the female’s pregnancy, and not dark, like in other fish, and of course, a rounded belly.

A feature of female cockerels is the process of birth itself: the male builds a nest from plants, and when the time comes he and the female freeze in this nest, then smoothly descend to its bottom, where the eggs are ejected. After that, the male protects the eggs for several days, from which the fry appear, and then he is deposited, just like the female that gave birth.

How to tell if a fish is pregnant

Guppy

Such an aquarium fish as a guppy, which is also viviparous and very similar to swordtails, has its own characteristics of reproduction. To get pregnant, a female guppy does not need the constant presence of a male, this fish can throw fry several times from one mating performed.

It is quite easy to understand that the fish is pregnant: its sides and abdomen increase significantly. Just like in swordsmen, in guppies a dark spot is formed in the back, which increases in size closer to childbirth. Thus, the only difference between guppies is the repeated throwing of fry from one partner, and in swordtails, fertilization occurs once, and the female is immediately removed.

Parrot fish

Bright and funny felling parrots are very popular today among lovers of home aquariums. These fish do not reproduce well, so they need special conditions. For example, for mating, the water in the aquarium is made warmer, and for throwing, a sink or shelter house is installed. The pregnancy of the fish is expressed by the usual signs. a swollen abdomen and a dark spot at the tail, but behavior is also changing: the female increasingly tends to the bottom and leaves the light.

How to understand that the swordfish will soon give birth

Swordsmen are considered one of the most unpretentious and popular fish among aquarists. Chiphophorus helleri belongs to the Peciliaceae family. They adapt quickly and survive in a variety of environments. The swordsman is capable of breeding at home. The fish is peaceful, capable of living together, some males can be aggressive towards their relatives. To obtain high-quality offspring in the wild, the female swordtails spawn in the spring. In an aquarium, the swordsman is capable of breeding all year round.

How to feed the fry of swordtails

It is important to create good conditions for the fry of swordtails in the first days after birth; feeding at this time must be carried out at least 4 times a day. Until the age of 2 months, it is recommended to feed the fish 3 times a day.

  • chicken egg yolk;
  • rubbed flakes with fiber;
  • spirulina;
  • naupilias brine shrimp.

If you combine live food with spirulina, the fish will grow rapidly and acquire a bright color. Food should contain a sufficient amount of fiber, since in wildlife they feed on plants most of all. The lack of substances is replenished with the help of special flakes of plant origin. Meals may include not only fresh food, but also frozen food.

Keep an eye on the amount of food in the form of egg yolk, this product is a good base for the development of harmful bacteria, as a result of which the water in the aquarium is highly polluted. Young animals will not be able to live in poor-quality water for a long time, and changing water in an amount greater than the recommended one will cause severe stress and will also lead to the death of the offspring. Therefore, this product should be included in the diet in minimal quantities, without harm to the environment.

It is recommended to feed the fry with yogurt, it is useful and does not spoil the quality of the water. To prepare food from curdled milk, it must be poured with boiling water, mixed, and then caught out curdled casein. The casein should be rinsed well with water and put into the aquarium using a net. You can store this product in the refrigerator, but no longer than 4 days. It is desirable that all feed in the diet of the fry is as fresh as possible. The older the fry become, the more varied their diet should be.

Sex determination

Newborn swordsmen do not have pronounced sexual characteristics, therefore it is initially difficult to determine the sex, sex differences become noticeable only by 3–6 months of age. Some females are capable of breeding as early as 3-4 months.

It is not difficult to distinguish a female swordtail from a male. The male on his tail fin has a long outgrowth resembling a sword, by which one can unmistakably distinguish the sex of the fish and with the help of which swordsmen reproduce. In a male, the anal fin is pointed and narrower in comparison with the female.

An interesting feature is that the fish can change sex during life. This is due to the lack of chromosomes that are responsible for gender. However, sex reassignment occurs only under conditions of extinction threat, thus the swordtails are trying to preserve their population. If a male living in an aquarium dies, then after a while one of the females can turn into a full-fledged male. If you breed offspring at home with the help of a female that changed sex, then the offspring will be exclusively female, therefore, in order to fully breed the population of these fish, a real male is needed. A female who has changed sex in behavior copies the male, she cares for other females, but she herself becomes incapable of childbearing.

The swordsman is an excellent option for breeding in an aquarium. This aquarium fish is suitable for living with other inhabitants, reproduction can take place both in a separate place and in a common aquarium. It is easy to acquire offspring of fish, it is enough just to provide them with the necessary environmental conditions.

How swordsmen give birth

The swordsman’s labor usually begins in the morning. The female gives birth to fry in the amount of up to 200 pieces. Newborns can be left in the same container with the female. If the belly of the fish has acquired an obvious square shape, and the swordsman began to move vigorously around the aquarium, then labor will soon begin. Under certain conditions, such as a water temperature of at least 26 degrees and high-quality abundant nutrition, reproduction can occur regularly. It is necessary to ensure that there are bushes in the aquarium in which the female will hide during childbirth.

The fry can be left in the aquarium where they were born until it is time to mate, after which it is better to separate the swordtails.

Growing fry

Swordfish fry are large, active and need good nutrition.

HOW CAN WE KNOW IF THE GOLDFISH IS PREGNANT

The first 7 days of life are decisive for future health, at this time the makings of adult fish are laid, and the life expectancy of an individual will also depend on the first week. Therefore, after the swordtails have given birth, you need to immediately start caring for the fry.

Experienced aquarists recommend selecting the strongest and most beautiful of the young in order to actively raise them, and destroy the weaker ones. Fry grows throughout life, but the growth rate will gradually slow down. The amount of food you need depends on age and growth rate.

If the fry are not properly cared for, the color of the fish will change, and defects on the fins will appear. It is recommended to provide them with an aquarium with lots of plants and a place for active swimming.

swordsmen

Sword-bearers are viviparous fish, therefore fry are born completely ready for independent habitation. How the female will bear the fry, their quantity and quality of fry directly depends on the conditions of keeping the fish. The diet of adult representatives capable of offspring should include plant and live food. Large algae are not recommended, as these plants can enrich the water with excessive amounts of ammonia and nitrates. Protein foods, on the other hand, will provide healthy offspring.

When growing and breeding swordsmen, it is necessary to regularly change the water (once every 7 days, at least 25%), try to make the water temperature several degrees higher than usual. The higher the quality of the water in the aquarium, the more pieces of females will bring offspring, since clean water, saturated with oxygen, provokes mating games in fish. And also it is necessary to provide filtration, at least internal. The aquarium should be high and covered with a lid, as these fish are very active in their movements and are able to jump high.

Breeding swordsmen in a common aquarium, you can plan how many females and males there will be in the offspring:

  • if the water temperature is less than 24, more females will appear in the brood;
  • when the water temperature is more than 25 degrees, more males will appear in the brood.

Recommended breeding conditions for fish:

  • temperature regime, depending on the desired result;
  • permissible acidity from 7 to 8 pH;
  • water hardness from 10 to 12;
  • the level of ammonia and nitrates should be as low as possible.

How often swordsmen will bear offspring depends on the conditions created by the aquarist. It is recommended to keep one male with three females.

An interesting fact is that a female can give birth to offspring several times without the help of a male, it is for this reason that swordtails breed in large numbers and multiply even after the female is transferred to a separate container without a male. This happens due to the fact that the female can keep the male milk inside herself and after a while re-fertilize on her own.

READ  How to Train Your Puppy to the Booth

It is important to preserve the offspring of the female swordtails before giving birth to be transferred to another container or placed in a jig inside the main aquarium in order to exclude the devouring of fry by other fish.

The color of the aquarium and selection fish is somewhat brighter than the representative of the wild.

How to tell if a goldfish is pregnant

In good conditions, goldfish become sexually mature by about a year. At the same time, as noted by N.F. Zolotnitsky, the size of the fish, as well as its age, do not really matter: “the whole difference lies only in the amount of eggs it spawns: the big one throws more eggs, the small one. less”. At the onset of puberty, as noted above, it is usually not difficult to distinguish the female from the male by the presence of small sawtooth outgrowths on the anterior rays of the pectoral fins in the latter. At the same time, the abdomen of the female with maturing eggs becomes more convex.

The male, ready for spawning, has small white tubercles (tubercles) on the gill covers that look like semolina. A “signal” for spawning can be a steady increase in temperature by several degrees, often in combination with changes in water parameters for the better (for example, a significant, more than 30%, water change in the aquarium). Often, spawning is prompted by the transportation of individuals ready for spawning and their transplantation into new conditions of detention, especially if the temperature in the new place is higher. External signs of the onset of spawning are the activity of the male, expressed in vigorous pursuit of the female and frequent blows with his mouth in the area of ​​her anus (thus the male encourages the female to spawn).

When such signs appear, the producers are transplanted into a separate, preferably spacious, aquarium with the temperature and water parameters identical to those in the general aquarium. It is good to place dense floating plants (javanese moss, hornwort, nayas) in the spawning aquarium. With the course of spawning, the activity of the male increases, he tries to drive the female into a corner, limiting her in movements. In the end, the male manages to “fix” the female, in this position the fish are motionless for some time. The female spawns eggs, which the male fertilizes immediately. After spawning, the entire cycle can be repeated. As a rule, the spawning rut lasts 2.3 hours, after which the fish calm down. On average, a large adult fish for the entire spawning period is capable of spawning up to 3 thousand eggs, small ones are much less. Eggs of goldfish are up to 1 mm in size. initially translucent, slightly yellowish in color. Since goldfish eat their eggs, after spawning, the spawners must be removed or carefully collected and transferred to another container.

Fertilized caviar turns pale after a while, and it is already difficult to distinguish it, for example, on plant leaves. Unfertilized caviar on the second day turns white and is covered with a “fluff” of the fungus. Such eggs must be removed, and so that the fungus does not subsequently infect healthy eggs, it must be treated with a solution of methylene blue (1 ml per 50 liters of water, exposure 2.3 hours. Embryonic development lasts from 2 to 5 days, after which larvae emerge from the eggs All this time it is necessary to maintain a constant temperature of 22 to 25 degrees and intense lighting. The larvae are completely helpless, they look like a string with two eyes and a yolk sac, which contains a supply of food for the first three days of life. The larvae move in jerks and are able to attach to the place they touched; moreover, they are most often located in an upright position, head up.In three days, as soon as the larvae are able to reach the surface of the water and fill the swim bladder with air, the emerging fry are able to take a horizontal position and move independently and as soon as the fry begin to move independently in looking for food, they must be intensively fed. The best food at this time is “live dust” (the smallest plankton, consisting of rotifers, ciliates, etc.). A good starting food for fry is the infusorian slipper, which is usually not difficult to remove at home. A good addition can be the smallest algae (“blooming water”).

As they grow, the diet of the fry changes. Gradually, ciliates are replaced by nematodes, young daphnia and cyclops; you can add hard-boiled egg yolk to the diet, a piece of which is wrapped in cheesecloth, lowered into the aquarium and rinsed in water. In addition to live feeds (but preferably not in place of them), the fry can be fed specialized dry feed (eg Sera Micron). By the month, the fry are able to accept small bloodworms, adult daphnia and cyclops. At first, you need to feed the fry several times a day, up to once every 3.5 hours in small portions, but so that food is constantly present in the rearing aquarium. In the future, the feeding regimen can be reduced to two times a day, but still make sure that the fry receive enough feed to avoid exhaustion and “tightening”. At the same time, care must be taken to ensure that intensive feeding does not lead to obesity. That is, there is a certain “golden mean”, for each case its own, deviation from which in one direction or another can cause further problems.

At first, the fry are silvery in color, similar to their genetic ancestor. goldfish. But as it grows, by about 2-3 months, the color turns into the colors typical for goldfish. In some fish, the staining process may take longer. Sometimes there are quite interesting adult varieties that have a “blue” (actually silver or steel) color. It is believed that such fish simply retained the original color of the fry.

By the 15.20th day of life in the fry, the caudal fin becomes well defined, the anal and dorsal fins begin to function. By about 25.30 days, the caudal fin in short-bodied breeds bifurcates. By that time, the fry can reach a size of 12.15 mm. A little later, by one and a half months, scales become clearly pronounced.

As the fry grow, it is necessary to sort them and reduce the stocking density in the nursery aquarium to avoid “pulling in” the fry. Sorting is carried out according to a number of criteria: by size, by standard features of the breed, by the presence of structural defects. There should be from three to five such sortings in total, starting from four weeks of age. The first step is to reject fry that have obvious structural defects and malformations (scoliosis, atavism that does not meet the standards of this particular breed, for example, an undivided tail fin in a telescope, a dorsal fin present or its “remnants” in a ranch, etc.). Next, the fry should be sorted by size, rejecting those that are clearly lagging in growth. If, as the fry grow, new deviations from the norms are found, they should also be discarded.

The fry of goldfish, especially short-bodied ones, are very whimsical and are susceptible to various diseases, in particular, those caused by opportunistic organisms (for example, bone disease). As a result, it is necessary to strictly observe the requirements of hygiene in the growing aquarium (first of all, the absence of overpopulation, the mode of aeration of the water and the regularity of cleaning the bottom from waste products).

Irina Balykova consults. consultations on cats, fish, rodents and birds

Consultation archive Ask your question

AquaDomik.ru

Guppy pregnancy and childbirth

The excitement, expectations, fears and hopes associated with future fish offspring. as many aquarists are familiar with! Especially if you have viviparous fish. How to correctly determine if a fish is pregnant? Is it time or not to put it away, and in general, where and with what? How to feed the fry? Will adult fish eat them or not?…. So many questions requiring immediate answers!

Visiting various forums, I noticed that for some reason the pregnancy of a guppy causes the most questions, and decided to share my observations. In total, I now have about 60 guppies. (more precisely, it is difficult to count, the fry are very nimble), and I have already learned how to determine the time of birth with an accuracy of several hours. But I remember very well how difficult it was to wait for it the first time!

Why is it that guppy has such a problem to determine the time and timing of childbirth? It’s very simple, they are extremely voracious.!

An overeating guppikha may seem, well, just very pregnant, and they always have a black spot, which many take for a sign of impending birth. Before giving birth, it increases, but it is difficult to understand how much the spot is enlarged if the fish gives birth for the first time. And after childbirth, it often does not really subside.

Therefore, for those who are confused in the intricacies of the fish waist, I drew just such a plate.

one). Guppy is not pregnant or has recently given birth:

2). Guppy in the middle of pregnancy. Will give birth not soon:

3). Guppy will give birth in the next two to three days:

Of course, not all fish will match the picture exactly. There are ladies (like people, by the way) who flaunt with a slender abdomen throughout their pregnancy. But still, in most cases, if your guppy has become something in profile, that in full face resembles a brick, and the back of the abdomen has completely darkened, it means that it will soon be born.

You can also determine that a fish is about to make you happy with fry by its behavior. Or rather, according to the behavior of male guppies. Shortly before giving birth, they begin to obsessively swim after the pregnant female, lining up with a “train”, and try to poke their nose under her belly. At this time, the female usually hides in dense thickets, keeps closer to the bottom, hides in dark and secluded corners. If you notice this and want to save the fry, then it’s time to plant it.

Almost anything can serve as a birthplace for a guppy, from a specially equipped small aquarium of five to ten liters to an ordinary three-liter jar. But the most convenient option, in my opinion, is a special plastic cage. This is a slotted plastic trough that attaches to the wall of the aquarium. Thus, we immediately solve two problems: gently, without unnecessary stress, isolate the expectant mother from annoying admirers, and save newborns from being eaten. The fish is in its usual conditions, at the same temperature, in its familiar environment and is only nervous because of the plastic grill.

I usually remove the lower partition, designed to isolate the fry from the mother: in my practice, there has never been a case that a guppy has eaten more than two or three babies, and even then. crooked and “unfinished”. My guppies do not touch healthy fry. But I usually cover the tray with gauze just in case, because the fry still manage to seep into some of the slots. A few pebbles on the bottom of the tray to press the gauze, a twig or two of hornwort, a handful of Riccia, and now a wonderful maternity hospital is ready!

Guppies usually give birth at night or in the morning, so it is very difficult to spy on the process. The birth itself lasts several hours, sometimes stretching until the evening, so it is better not to touch the female on the day of birth. After a day, you can safely put it back into the aquarium. The fry may be lethargic at first, sometimes they lie on the bottom or “lay” on floating moss and twigs. Don’t worry, it’s okay! They were just born, they need to gain strength. It is also not necessary to feed them right away, for the first few hours they will cost their own supply of nutrients. On the second day, young guppies are usually already having fun and eating everything they give.

And what, by the way, can you offer them?

Take a jar, pour settled or boiled water into it and add some salt to it (a couple of tablespoons of salt per three liters of water). There is no need to stir the salt, let it lie at the bottom. Put a teaspoon of brine shrimp eggs in the same place, put the compressor on (so that the water is mixed with a powerful jet of water all the time) and put it in a dark warm place for two to three days.

It took me 5 days to get full brine shrimp, perhaps the eggs were not very fresh.

In a few days, you will see that in addition to small brown balls, there are faint pinkish-orange creatures in the jar, barely a millimeter in size. They are more or less normally visible only through a magnifying glass or when they are collected in large clusters. This is the brine shrimp nauplii, the best live food for fry of all fish species. And you need to get this delicacy from the can.

It is believed that brine shrimp goes well into the light and can be caught by luring it with the light of a flashlight. I never managed to create a sufficiently clear directional beam of light that would interest the nauplii. Therefore, I did it easier, taking a little water with a thin hose from the bottom layer of the jar, where brine shrimp was especially abundant. The extracted water, thickly teeming with freshly hatched crustaceans, I dripped little by little into the water for the fry. Of course, a certain amount of salt also gets into the water, but the guppy salt is not too harmful. What a hunt that began right there! Tiny fry rushed at even tinier nauplii, making turns and turns that would make Formula 1 racers jealous. The bred crustaceans lasted ten days for me, and this is taking into account the fact that adult fish ate them too.

In a word, brine shrimp is a very good food option for fry, but, as you can see, it requires effort to prepare and does not store for a long time. Artemia can be replaced with the most common mashed boiled yolk (although it pollutes the water fairly), yogurt or special dry food for fry. They are not so bad, you just need to choose the most balanced one, containing vitamins and minerals, and periodically alternate with live or at least natural food.

When my fry are one week old, I release them from the cage into a shared aquarium with other guppies. Adults will no longer eat weekly guppies. But if you have large or even more predatory fish, it is better not to plant fry with them until they grow at least 2 cm.And three or four months later, the fry (or rather, already adult guppies) will already have their own kids!

READ  How to train Alabay at home

73 comments

The second female can eat the fry. I had this. Only she was also pregnant.

My pregnant guppy planted 24 this evening, began to look for a secluded place almost always at the bottom

For the first time, my guppy is pregnant, by all indications I should give birth one of these days. I planted her, but after a day her tummy became smaller, and near the “priests” the spot brightened. I missed it, or so it should be. Help.

Tell me what the male biga s
Behind the female won’t belly, there’s a small spot

Tell me what the male biga s
Behind the female out of the belly
nibi is not maно the spot is small

My guppy gave birth to 4 fry and slightly decreased, but everything remained exactly like a pregnant woman.

I watched my guppy for four days. By all indications she was pregnant, even the eyes of the fry were visible. The surest sign that he will give birth in 5-7 minutes is that it has turned white and the anus has increased. Total: 4 fry

I have a guppy fish and it has a square belly, but it does not have a black spot, please tell me what to do?

Thank. I’m ahead of my time not so.

If the guppy is not giving birth, buy a heater. Mandatory for breeding. As I turned it on, the guppies immediately multiply steel. The male has activated! The cheapest and most normal this model: HL-25 25W.

I have 2 females and 2 males, they live together. females did not give birth 1.5 months. Both are not fat.
Please tell me when they will give birth?
Thank you in advance

Nastya buy another female but not pregnant as she will survive more stress until you bring her home…. And buy a male

Guppy pregnancy lasts 30-40 days. During the first week, the fry sit in the jig where they were born. From the second week, they can be transplanted into larger containers.

Hello! Is it possible not to remove a pregnant female? In nature, after all, they are not seated in jars.

My guppy has a black tail, so the black speck is not visible. There are more signs?

My female gave birth to fry in the general aquarium (the aquarium is 15 liters and only a couple of guppies live there). All 12 fry are alive. At first, the male chased them a little, then, as he began to feed more abundantly, he stopped. They are now 2 weeks old. Have grown noticeably straight.

I have three guppy girls. The one in which the eyes are visible was planted in a separate spawning box, those with a smaller abdomen were planted in the spawning box that is in the aquarium. I’m waiting for fry.
Did I do everything right, or is there something wrong? How long will it take to give birth?

In my aquarium, a female guppy is giving birth and she herself crawls under her tail, what should I do? I have a lot of algae in my aquarium, but I’m still very worried about ani are so tiny

How to know if a guppy fish is pregnant

Guppies are bred at home by many breeders and aquarium fish lovers. This is a non-capricious type of fish, it takes root well in any conditions, does not require special care. A pregnant female guppy is very different from her relatives, it is impossible not to notice her. The main thing is to remove it from the general environment in time or create appropriate conditions for spawning.

Breeding medium and mating

These fish can be propagated both in the aquarium itself and in a special place, the so-called spawning grounds. It is not necessary to buy a special container for these purposes, and instead of it you can use an ordinary can with a capacity of 3 liters. Pour fresh, settled water, some algae into it and plant the female with the male there. Mating can be accelerated by simply raising the temperature of the water in the spawning grounds (by no more than 4 degrees) and changing a third of the water from the total amount.

Use water that is strictly separated, and not from the tap.

The male guppy fertilizes the female with the genital organ. gonopodia. It looks like a fin with several tubes. Only present in puberty males.

It is also easy to understand that mating has begun. If the male starts chasing the female, the process has begun. At this point, it is important to understand and consider one detail. When mating takes place in an aquarium where all the fish live, then there should not be very many males there. If so, then the female should be transplanted with one of them. Since being in a common environment, the fish runs the risk of disappearing. Males can drive her, at best, to complete exhaustion, at worst, to death.

How many fry can a guppy give birth in one birth

The number of fry born to a female depends on the age and number of births. The firstborn can give birth to up to 10 fry at once, the old one. up to a hundred or more. It has been established that the gestation period of a guppy depends on the number of fry that it bears. During pregnancy, guppies should not change their habitat. She is especially sensitive before childbirth:

  • to the quality of the living environment;
  • to temperature fluctuations, even insignificant;
  • lighting.

The calmness of the fish is the key to successful spawning. Therefore, it is important not only to understand that the guppy is pregnant, but also to create all the conditions for childbirth.

It is not possible to accurately calculate their number, since she can eat a huge part of the offspring in person during childbirth or after.

Pregnancy in guppy fish

The temperature of the habitat should not exceed 26g. If the pregnant female feels any danger, then labor may be delayed indefinitely. Too high a stress threshold can lead to spontaneous miscarriage. Therefore, it is important not only to determine pregnancy in a guppy in time, but also to create appropriate conditions for caring for her during the period of gestation:

  • Monitor the temperature of the water.
  • Change the water on time, clean it from excess feed or its residues.
  • Correct the presence and level of ammonia in the water.

Spawning tray for breeding aquarium fish.

If she gets sick, it will definitely affect the offspring. It is advisable to feed her with live food, this will protect her body, prevent deformation of the fry, and preserve the pregnancy. There is a lot of protein in live food, and it has a beneficial effect on the condition of the female and on the health of the fry.

If possible, purchase a special tray for pregnant fish. It attaches in the aquarium (inside) and serves as a secluded place for the pregnant fish, without depriving it of its familiar environment. Without creating unnecessary stress. If this is not possible, then you can divide the aquarium with a small lattice, so it will feel calm and the males will not chase the pregnant guppy.

Guppy species before spawning

A pregnant guppy looks a little different than before. Guppies reach sexual maturity at 4 months, although cases have been recorded when pregnancy occurred at the age of 1 month. Finding out that a guppy is pregnant is easy. The size of her body increases, the belly takes on a convex shape. A “step” drop forms between the abdomen and the head. If you look at it from above, you cannot fail to notice the bulge of the sides. If all of the above signs are clearly visible, then this suggests that she is about to give birth, and she needs to be removed from the rest of the fish.

Guppy pregnancy lasts an average of 3 weeks. She gives birth early in the morning or at night.

Top signs that your fish is about to give birth.

Females give birth usually without problems. But if childbirth does not occur for a long time, then this process can be accelerated very simply. To do this, you just need to increase the temperature of the water where it is located by a few degrees.

An interesting feature of female guppies: if the temperature of the water in which they live is raised to 30, then their sexual maturity occurs a month earlier. That is, the fish is ready to give birth and gives birth at three months of age.

The birth of guppy fish

Before giving birth, the guppy has a black spot in the anal fin area.

Females give birth 28-40 days after fertilization. It depends on the characteristics of the female, the age of the conditions in which she is, stress resistance. Before spawning, pregnant females begin to shiver a little, move a little, and they may lose their appetite. If a container with water or an aquarium is equipped with a heater, then the pregnant guppy lies at the bottom most of the time, and it is near it. this may serve as a signal that they are about to start giving birth.

Childbirth lasts in different ways. from several hours to several days. When the time has come, their tail first trembles strongly, then freezes for a moment. It is at this moment that the process of throwing fry occurs. childbirth. The next day, the female can be placed back in the aquarium so that she does not eat the fry if she was removed from the common environment. Malek, just born, immediately shows his activity and independence. It is advisable to isolate the children until they grow up, so that they are not eaten by adults. Or put curly algae, shells, stones and other objects with grooves, holes, cracks in the aquarium so that they can hide there.

Caring for guppies is simple, the fish themselves are unpretentious. They get along well, reproduce in any conditions, even in a three-liter jar. So the main thing that is needed for successful guppy breeding is desire and patience.

The tube, supplied with muscle fibers, is raised or lowered, which facilitates the introduction of spermatophores into the body of the female. “packages” of spermatozoa. They are partially spent on the fertilization of a part of the eggs, and some of the seed material remains inside the female’s reproductive organs for several months. In guppies, as a result of one insemination, from 5-6 to 11 marks often occur.

When the female is fully ready to mate, she releases a special secret into the environment that attracts males to her. They also have a chemical effect on the mating behavior of females. Copulin secreted by the male sex glands forces the female to take a position that is most convenient for the introduction of gonopodia into the genital opening. Swimming of a female in an inclined position is another sign of her readiness for copulation.

But such chemical markers of readiness to reproduce do not replace physical stimulation. The male begins a mating dance around the female, spreading his fins and sparkling with a bright body color, he quickly rushes around the chosen one. Several males can “chase” a female at once.

Interestingly, each male has his own dance, which he repeats in great detail with each mating. This mating ritual is embedded in the genetic memory of males. If he does not “look after”, then the female will not let the male approach her, despite the chemical marks.

Also, the female chooses the “gentleman” according to the brightness of the color and the length of the fins. The males with red color or red spots and long fins are the winners. They grow in males throughout life and testify to longevity and good health. These qualities are desirable in offspring. Thus, in the appearance of the male, information about his solvency as the father of numerous offspring is “encoded”.

Fish readiness for fertilization

When breeding thoroughbred guppies or engaging in selection, it is necessary to strictly monitor the crossing of fish and correctly form pairs. And for this you need to determine in time the readiness of the guppy for mating.

Courtship is a sign of readiness for the mating process in guppies. The male begins to “drive” the darling, to nestle on her side, with an anal fin. At this point, the aquarist should isolate the pair as the fertilization process has already begun. In the future, placing a pregnant female in a separate vessel can be dangerous for her and her offspring, since she becomes very sensitive to changes in the characteristics of the environment.

These unpretentious fish can breed in a small container, but the better the conditions, the more healthy and large offspring you can get. There should be enough room in the maternity hospital for 2 guppies. Experienced aquarists claim that from the moment a couple is isolated, a female’s pregnancy can be counted. It is very rare for a male to fertilize 2-4 days.

Depending on age, number of previous tags, water temperature, type of food and other characteristics, the duration of the gestation period can vary from 30 to 60 days. Normally, the period is 30 ± 5 days. A decrease or an increase in the duration of pregnancy may indicate a violation of the conditions of detention or health problems of the fish. The interval between litters can be 1-2 months.

A feature of the “live-bearer” is a time-stretched mark. A fertilized fish can “give birth” to fry in groups with a time gap between births. Sometimes another male mates with the female who gave birth, and in the next generation babies from both males will appear.

View of a mature female

Guppies have strong sexual dimorphism. The male, in contrast to the female, has a more graceful constitution, elongated fins and more intensely colored. Guppies reach puberty at the age of 3-4 months. Keeping conditions have a significant impact on the fertility and maturation of fish. An increase in water temperature by 2-3 degrees leads to an acceleration of metabolism and earlier puberty of guppies.

Some experts warn that stimulation methods such as changing and increasing the temperature of the water are needed only if childbirth is difficult or occurs ahead of time. A decrease in temperature can significantly slow down not only the development of the reproductive system, but also lead to lethargy, decreased activity, and disease.

These cute fish are viviparous, or rather oviparous. In them, fertilization takes place inside, and the fertilized eggs also develop in the belly of the female. From a single mating, she can give several groups of fry, so it is necessary to notice the pregnancy in time and plant the female in the spawning grounds so that other fish or the parents themselves do not eat the babies.

It is necessary to observe the “courtship courtship” so that one female is not chosen by several males, which will have a bad effect on the condition of the expectant mother and the quality of the offspring. Therefore, the ideal option is a pair of guppies, which must be isolated.

READ  What does it mean if a guinea pig hums

Signs of pregnancy

By observing the behavior and appearance of the female, you can determine if she is pregnant. Experienced aquarists note that before the appearance of external signs of pregnancy, changes in the behavior and appetite of the female take place. 1.5 weeks before giving birth, there is a sharp increase in the appetite of the fish, so inexperienced guppy owners write off the rounded abdomen for overeating.

But if you closely monitor the condition of the female, you will notice that her tummy is increasing. Unlike the overeating fish, the belly is enlarged not only in the lower part, but also from the sides. When viewed from above, the rounded sides of the fish are visible. The closer to childbirth, the more “square” the abdomen, and in the region of the anal fin a “prenatal” or maturity spot appears. It is dark brown, yellowish ocher, or black. Through the stretched skin of the abdomen, you can see the “graininess” of the spot, the so-called “fry eyes”.

A few hours before delivery, the abdomen is already so large that a noticeable hollow forms between the chest and abdomen. A bulge forms in the anal fin area. Its appearance signals that about a day remains before the appearance of the fry. It is worth noting that the degree of severity of the stage of the “square” abdomen and “prenatal spot” in some varieties of guppies is less pronounced, but the anal bulge must be present without fail.

Before giving birth, the behavior of the fish also changes. She begins to seek shelter or tries to hide among the plants. This is especially noticeable in the general aquarium. the males begin to chase the female, and she hides from them. Features are also observed in movements. the fish hangs motionless at the surface of the water or in the middle layers, it lowers its tail.

When contractions occur, muscle twitching in the anal region and tremor in the caudal fin can be noticed. Childbirth lasts from 3 to 5 hours. Sometimes the process takes up to 5-7 days. The number of fry in the tag depends on the size, age of the fish and the number of previous genera. A firstborn can give birth to 15-25 babies, and with repeated births, their number increases. A case was registered when a guppy gave birth to 180 fry in one mark.

  • environmental conditions. high temperature causes premature birth and the appearance of non-viable offspring,
  • food. live food contributes to the normal formation of fry and the maintenance of pregnancy. When feeding a pregnant female with dry food, fry may have scoliosis.,
  • the presence of one or more males. they deplete the female.

Sometimes a young and healthy female cannot give birth. To stimulate generic activity, they carry out a change of settled fresh water, raise the temperature to 28-30 ° C or plant it before the spawning of a young male.

How to know if a guppy fish is pregnant

Guppies are beautiful freshwater fish. It is unlikely that you can find another fish of the same type, which for several decades would have retained the commitment of novice and experienced aquarists. The phenomenon is explained not only by the simplicity of the content, unpretentiousness in nutrition, but also by the huge variety of colors, fin shapes, interesting breeding features.

Fry and doe care

After the fry appears in the female, it must be deposited or the fry must be placed in a container for growing. The fry are active and immediately begin to seek shelter. Their survival depends on this, since the guppy’s parental instinct is completely absent. The female perceives large fry as prey. Therefore, pebbles, artificial or live plants are placed at the bottom of the spawning grounds. everything that kids can use as a shelter.

An interesting feature of guppies is that they have hermaphrodites. individuals in which the genitals of both sexes are developed. In such fish, self-fertilization is possible. In addition, there is a spontaneous transformation of a female, even one that has already spawned, into a male. Much less often, the male turns into a female.

Guppies are interesting breeding. In a short period, they can give several groups of fry, which is very convenient for breeding. To get healthy breed offspring, you need to know all the subtleties of the reproduction of these amazing fish.

Signs of pregnancy

By observing the behavior and appearance of the female, you can determine if she is pregnant. Experienced aquarists note that before the appearance of external signs of pregnancy, changes in the behavior and appetite of the female take place. 1.5 weeks before giving birth, there is a sharp increase in the appetite of the fish, so inexperienced guppy owners write off the rounded abdomen for overeating.

But if you closely monitor the condition of the female, you will notice that her tummy is increasing. Unlike an overeating fish, the belly is enlarged not only in the lower part, but also from the sides. When viewed from above, the rounded sides of the fish are visible. The closer to childbirth, the more “square” the abdomen, and in the area of ​​the anal fin a “prenatal” or maturity spot appears. It is dark brown, yellowish ocher, or black. Through the stretched skin of the abdomen, one can see the “graininess” of the spot, the so-called “eyes of the fry”.

A few hours before giving birth, the abdomen is already so large that a noticeable hollow forms between the chest and abdomen. A bulge forms in the anal fin area. Its appearance signals that about a day remains before the appearance of the fry. It should be noted that the degree of severity of the stage of the “square” abdomen and “prenatal spot” in some varieties of guppies is less pronounced, but the anal bulge must be present without fail.

Before giving birth, the behavior of the fish also changes. She begins to seek shelter or tries to hide among the plants. This is especially noticeable in the general aquarium. the males begin to chase the female, and she hides from them. Features are also observed in movements. the fish hangs motionless at the surface of the water or in the middle layers, it lowers its tail.

When contractions occur, muscle tremors in the anal region and tremors in the caudal fin can be seen. Childbirth lasts from 3 to 5 hours. Sometimes the process takes up to 5-7 days. The number of fry in the tag depends on the size, age of the fish and the number of previous genera. A firstborn can give birth to 15-25 babies, and with repeated births, their number increases. A case was registered when a guppy gave birth to 180 fry in one mark.

  • environmental conditions. high temperature causes premature birth and the appearance of non-viable offspring;
  • food. live food contributes to the normal formation of fry and the maintenance of pregnancy. When feeding a pregnant female with dry food, the fry may have scoliosis;
  • the presence of one or more males. they deplete the female.

Sometimes a young and healthy female cannot give birth. To stimulate generic activity, they carry out a change of settled fresh water, raise the temperature to 28-30 ° C or add a young male before spawning.

How to know if a guppy fish is pregnant

Guppies are beautiful freshwater fish. It is unlikely that you can find another fish of the same type, which for several decades would have retained the commitment of novice and experienced aquarists. The phenomenon is explained not only by the simplicity of the content, unpretentiousness in nutrition, but also by the huge variety of colors, fin shapes, interesting breeding features.

View of a mature female

Guppies have strong sexual dimorphism. The male, in contrast to the female, has a more graceful constitution, elongated fins and more intensely colored. Guppies reach puberty at the age of 3-4 months. Keeping conditions have a significant impact on the fertility and maturation of fish. An increase in water temperature by 2-3 degrees leads to an acceleration of metabolism and earlier puberty of guppies.

Some experts warn that stimulation methods such as changing and increasing the temperature of the water are only needed if labor is difficult or occurs ahead of time. A decrease in temperature can significantly slow down not only the development of the reproductive system, but also lead to lethargy, decreased activity, and disease.

These cute fish are viviparous, or rather oviparous. In them, fertilization takes place inside, and the fertilized eggs also develop in the belly of the female. From a single mating, she can give several groups of fry, so it is necessary to notice the pregnancy in time and plant the female in the spawning grounds so that other fish or the parents themselves do not eat the babies.

It is necessary to observe the “courtship courtship” so that one female is not chosen by several males, which will have a bad effect on the condition of the future mother and the quality of the offspring. Therefore, the ideal option is a pair of guppies, which must be isolated.

The tube, supplied with muscle fibers, is raised or lowered, which facilitates the introduction of spermatophores into the body of the female. “packages” of spermatozoa. They are partially spent on the fertilization of a part of the eggs, and some of the seed material remains inside the female’s reproductive organs for several months. In guppies, as a result of one insemination, from 5-6 to 11 marks often occur.

When the female is fully ready to mate, she releases a special secret into the environment that attracts males to her. They also have a chemical effect on the mating behavior of females. Copulin secreted by the male sex glands forces the female to take a position that is most convenient for the introduction of gonopodia into the genital opening. Swimming of a female in an inclined position is another sign of her readiness for copulation.

But such chemical markers of readiness to reproduce do not replace physical stimulation. The male begins a mating dance around the female, spreading his fins and sparkling with a bright body color, he quickly rushes around the chosen one. Several males can “chase” a female at once.

Pet & Animal Care : How to Tell If a Goldfish Is Pregnant

Interestingly, each male has his own dance, which he repeats in great detail with each mating. This mating ritual is embedded in the genetic memory of males. If he does not “look after”, then the female will not let the male approach her, despite the chemical marks.

Also, the female chooses the “gentleman” according to the brightness of the color and the length of the fins. The males with red color or red spots and long fins are the winners. They grow in males throughout life and testify to longevity and good health. These qualities are desirable in offspring. Thus, in the appearance of the male, information about his solvency as the father of numerous offspring is “encoded”.

Fish readiness for fertilization

When breeding thoroughbred guppies or engaging in selection, it is necessary to strictly monitor the crossing of fish and correctly form pairs. And for this you need to determine in time the readiness of the guppy for mating.

Courtship is a sign of readiness for the mating process in guppies. The male begins to “drive” the darling, to nestle on her side, with an anal fin. At this point, the aquarist should isolate the pair as the fertilization process has already begun. In the future, placing a pregnant female in a separate vessel can be dangerous for her and her offspring, since she becomes very sensitive to changes in the characteristics of the environment.

These unpretentious fish can breed in a small container, but the better the conditions, the more healthy and large offspring you can get. There should be enough room in the maternity hospital for 2 guppies. Experienced aquarists claim that from the moment a couple is isolated, a female’s pregnancy can be counted. It is very rare for a male to fertilize 2-4 days.

Depending on age, number of previous tags, water temperature, type of food and other characteristics, the duration of the gestation period can vary from 30 to 60 days. Normally, the period is 30 ± 5 days. A decrease or an increase in the duration of pregnancy may indicate a violation of the conditions of detention or health problems of the fish. The interval between litters can be 1-2 months.

A feature of the “live-bearer” is a time-stretched mark. A fertilized fish can “give birth” to fry in groups with a time gap between births. Sometimes another male mates with the female who gave birth, and in the next generation babies from both males will appear.

Fry and doe care

After the fry appears in the female, it must be deposited or the fry must be placed in a container for growing. The fry are active and immediately begin to seek shelter. Their survival depends on this, since the guppy’s parental instinct is completely absent. The female perceives large fry as prey. Therefore, pebbles, artificial or live plants are placed at the bottom of the spawning grounds. everything that kids can use as a shelter.

An interesting feature of guppies is that they have hermaphrodites. individuals in which the genitals of both sexes are developed. In such fish, self-fertilization is possible. In addition, there is a spontaneous transformation of a female, even one that has already spawned, into a male. Much less often, the male turns into a female.

Guppies are interesting breeding. In a short period, they can give several groups of fry, which is very convenient for breeding. To get healthy breed offspring, you need to know all the subtleties of the reproduction of these amazing fish.