home Article How to tell if a puppy has worms

How to tell if a puppy has worms

Intestinal worms are among the most common

Based on the places of concentration, all helminths are divided into the following groups:

  • Intestinal
  • Cardiac
  • Pulmonary
  • Hepatic.

In puppies, intestinal parasites or toxacar are most often found. Having swallowed the egg of this helminth, the animal becomes its owner. A larva emerges from the egg in the intestine, which enters the circulatory system and migrates through its vessels to the lungs. From there, it is thrown into the mouth with a cough, and swallowed, it again enters the intestines. After that, the parasite attaches to the mucous membrane of the organ and remains in it, growing into a sexually mature individual.

The most difficult infection with this type of helminths is carried by small puppies. They can refuse food, which leads to stunted growth and development. Therefore, having found such worms in a puppy, it is necessary to urgently consult a veterinarian and start treatment.

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All dogs with intestinal parasites have constipation and diarrhea, problems with appetite, colic

Pulmonary helminths are a rare guest in the dog’s body

This group includes nematodes. The main carriers of their eggs are molluscs. But to meet a dog that would be ready to feast on such a delicacy is almost impossible. Therefore, nematodes are very rare in puppies. But if suddenly your four-legged baby began to cough for no reason, then you should check him for this type of worms.

Heart parasites. carried by mosquitoes

Worms in puppies can appear not only when eating food contaminated with their eggs or when licking wool, but also in a somewhat unusual way. through the bites of blood-sucking insects. over, the helminths transferred in this way are one of the most dangerous, since their invasion often leads to the death of the animal.

This type of parasite develops in the blood vessels going to the heart and right atrium. And if you do not start treatment in a timely manner, then the worms that have grown into sexually mature individuals will clog the vessels, leading to the inevitable death of the puppy.

In addition, this type of parasite can transmit from dogs to humans. What makes fighting them a must.

Influence of parasites on the general condition of the animal

Getting into the puppy’s body in various ways, most of the helminths then penetrate into the blood vessels and already migrate along them through all internal organs. The result of their further activity is a violation of the integrity of tissues, which leads to a deterioration in health and the development of various concomitant diseases.

So, parasites living in the intestines of a puppy injure its mucous membrane, which can cause both inflammation and internal bleeding. In addition, helminths feed on blood and nutrients that enter the host’s body.

Symptoms: inactive and poorly growing, the coat is dull, the white of the eye has a bluish rim

Therefore, infection with worms often leads to the development of:

  • Avitaminosis
  • Metabolic disorders
  • Rapid weight loss.

But since worms not only take nutrients from the host, but also multiply intensively, they can cause intestinal blockage and even rupture. And the consequences of this are most often fatal.

Toxins released with the waste products of helminths also cause considerable harm to the body. They can even affect the work of the nervous system, leading to alternating attacks of depression and excitement in your pet.

How to remove worms from a puppy at home

Taking a four-legged baby into the house, you will have to not only feed and raise him, but also monitor his health. And often it is this moment that makes you refuse to have a pet in the family. But if you are ready to take risks, and still decide to buy a puppy, then he will give you a lot of pleasant moments. However, you will have to monitor his health, as walking down the street he can be attacked by parasites. And some of the most common and dangerous are worms. The fight with them should be carried out constantly, throughout the life of your four-footed pet. Read about how to make it as effective as possible and how to worm puppies in this article.

Types of parasites in dogs

Danger to four-legged pets, especially puppies, are various types of helminths. Among them, three main groups can be distinguished:

  • Cystodes
  • Trematodes
  • Nematodes.

All of them have a negative effect on the dog’s body, albeit to a different extent, since the place of their localization can be various internal organs of the animal. Therefore, worms should be driven out when the first symptoms of the disease appear. And in the future, this procedure will have to be repeated after certain periods of time throughout the dog’s life.

Symptoms of worms in puppies

It is unlikely that you will find at least one dog that would not have suffered helminthiasis. And if parasites are less dangerous for an adult animal, then they can do quite a lot of harm to the health of babies.

The main signs of worms in a puppy are, first of all, developmental delay and a wobbly gait. And pet owners should understand that the manifestation of such symptoms is a sure sign of infection with helminthiasis. And you urgently need to contact the veterinarian.

You can also find out that the puppy has worms by symptoms such as:

  • Digestive problems leading to poor bowel movements
  • Frequent infectious diseases
  • Weight loss with increasing appetite
  • Pallor of mucous membranes
  • The appearance of mucus and parasites in stool
  • Development of dermatitis
  • Bloating.

But being the owner of a four-footed baby is not worth the manifestation of obvious symptoms of infection.

Veterinarians recommend first worming a puppy at the age of 1.5 months. And then repeat this procedure regularly, preferably once every 3 months.

Ways of infection

Worms (helminths) can easily infect dogs of any age. Almost all worms enter their body through the intestines, except for some types of helminths transmitted through the bite of blood-sucking insects.

Infection occurs in several ways:

  • Through the ingestion of eggs of parasites contained in the external environment (street dust, polluted water, feces), raw meat and fish.
  • Direct contact with a sick animal.
  • Flea and mosquito bites.

Important! Human worms are transmitted from the saliva of a dog. This does not require her to lick her hands. Since all dogs lick their fur, it is enough to stroke it and not wash your hands after that for infection to occur.

Intestinal worms in dogs

A completely natural question may arise. how, in this case, to find out if the dog has worms? This will be indicated to you the main signs, among which the main ones are vomiting and stool disorders.

What diseases cause intestinal worms? First of all, this is ascariasis, in which the length of the helminth can reach 30 cm. The infection enters the body through unwashed vegetables, which could have been touched by an infected dog. The main feature of these parasites is their distribution area: reaching the intestines, they “crawl” up the alimentary canal, reaching the oral cavity. After repeated swallowing, such helminths become adults.

Uncinariosis, another interesting species, is worms that are rarely transmitted from dog to person. In size, it rarely reaches more than 11 mm, but it knows how to cause very tangible harm to both organs and skin. The route of entry is simple. most often it is contaminated feed. After the stomach, they spread through the lungs and intestines. They can declare themselves after 15-20 days of being in the dog’s body. A month later. either death or chronic course of the disease.

The clinical picture of pulmonary helminthiasis

The appearance of worms in the lungs of a dog is very rare and is caused by a special type of parasite. krenosomas. Helminths are transmitted through intermediate hosts. terrestrial molluscs, mice, birds, reptiles. Infection occurs if the dog eats any of the representatives of these groups containing krenosis larvae. Since the likelihood that a pet will feed on shellfish, birds, mice or reptiles is extremely low, crenosomiasis is practically not found in dogs.

But in case of infection, the disease manifests itself as signs of lesions of the bronchopulmonary system:

  • sneezing;
  • runny nose;
  • prolonged cough, worse at night.

Blockage of small bronchi with worms can lead to the development of focal pneumonia. A sick dog is exhausted, rapidly losing weight, the quality of its coat deteriorates.

How to remove worms to a dog at home with folk remedies

Folk remedies can only get rid of the worms living in the digestive tract. If they hit the heart, lungs and other organs, then in this case you shouldn’t even try to do something on your own. We list the main means to answer the question of how to remove worms from a dog.

  • Garlic. It is one of the most popular remedies. However, it must be used in moderation, otherwise it can irritate the mucous membrane of the dog. Effective against roundworms. It is crushed on a grater, mixed with dill and added to the dog’s food.
  • Carrot. Grind it and add it to your pet’s food. For dogs, carrots are not digestible, and therefore not capable of causing harm in moderate quantities. After a few hours, this vegetable will cleanse the killed worms from the intestinal walls and come out along with the feces.
  • Carnation. Both dried buds and mashed seasoning will go. It should be added to food within a week. After that, you need to stop giving it for a month. Repeat if necessary. Clove has several preventive actions at once: antibacterial and antiseptic.

Thus, having considered the main causes of the appearance of worms, their signs, the main types and means of struggle, we hope that you will not be confused, because now you know exactly what to do if the dog has worms.

Heart parasites. carried by mosquitoes

Worms in puppies can appear not only when eating food contaminated with their eggs or when licking wool, but also in a somewhat unusual way. through the bites of blood-sucking insects. over, the helminths transferred in this way are one of the most dangerous, since their invasion often leads to the death of the animal.

This type of parasite develops in the blood vessels going to the heart and right atrium. And if you do not start treatment in a timely manner, then the worms that have grown into sexually mature individuals will clog the vessels, leading to the inevitable death of the puppy.

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In addition, this type of parasite can transmit from dogs to humans. What makes fighting them a must.

Varieties of helminths

There are several types of parasites that can inhabit a dog’s body.

The most understandable is the classification according to the place of localization:

    Intestinal worms. It is the most common species that enters the intestines with food and water. Of this group, roundworms are most often found. From the eggs trapped in the digestive tract, larvae appear, which penetrate the circulatory system and are carried with the bloodstream to the lungs. During a cough, along with mucus, the parasites enter the animal’s mouth and return to the intestines. Here, individuals mature and begin to actively reproduce. If you do not drive out the worms in a timely manner, they block the intestinal lumen and can lead to rupture of the walls.

Symptoms of worms in a dog

There are a large number of different types of worms, each of which, entering the dog’s body, causes the appearance of certain diseases. All of them are accompanied by general symptoms due to the negative impact of parasites on the organs and systems of the host, as well as specific signs that depend on the location of the helminths.

The general symptoms of any helminthic invasion are expressed by the following manifestations:

  • parasite larvae penetrate the bloodstream and affect the entire body of the dog, causing damage to organs, disrupting the flow of internal processes;
  • adults bite into tissues, which leads to the development of inflammation in these places, and also increases the risk of infection with the subsequent development of bacterial and viral diseases;
  • accumulating in large quantities, the worms block the intestinal lumen, which interferes with normal digestion and can cause intestinal rupture;
  • toxins released during the life of helminths have a negative effect on the state of all organs and systems;
  • By absorbing nutrients from incoming food, internal fluids and tissues, parasites take away a lot of what is needed from the dog’s body, which leads to vitamin deficiency, weight loss, and other negative consequences of malnutrition.

In addition, at the place of deployment, worms in dogs are divided into several types:

  • intestinal
  • hepatic
  • heart
  • pulmonary.

They are all accompanied by different symptoms.

Prophylaxis

Even with observance of all hygienic standards, it is quite difficult to protect a four-legged friend from infection. The only way to keep your pet healthy and prevent the development of life-threatening complications is periodic deworming. When is the first time to worm puppies? Veterinarians recommend first treatment at 2–3 weeks of age. If no helminths are detected in the feces within 1-2 days, you can limit yourself to one dose of the drug. If parasites are detected, the treatment should be repeated after 12-14 days. Antihelminthic agents are also taken 10-12 days before the first vaccination of the animal.

Many owners have a question: how often do you need to worm a puppy and an adult dog? Most experts recommend treating puppies after 3-4 months. Adult pets can be worm less often. 2-3 times a year.

How often the proglist should be done depends on the dog’s habits and feeding method. If you feed your pet with dry food, and he does not have the habit of grabbing various objects from the ground, eating grass and swimming in open water, the number of treatments can be reduced to 2 per year. Natural nutrition with the use of meat and fish in feed, the presence of a habit of digging in the ground, regular walking in open areas requires a more thorough approach to deworming.

In addition to taking anthelmintic drugs, it is recommended to adhere to certain care rules.

In order not to have to regularly face the problem of how to rid your pet of parasites, you should:

Prevention of helminthiasis is one of the main conditions for the active growth of a puppy and its normal development.

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Drug treatment

Anthelminthic tablets and suspensions will help you quickly get rid of worms. There are different types of medicines. Some are designed to destroy a specific type of parasite, with the help of others mixed infestations are treated, when several types of worms parasitize in the body.

A large list of drugs that help get rid of worms, and the features of their action are described in detail in the article “Tablets for worms for humans”.

Accurate diagnosis. tests for worms

Any parasites can be driven out at home. Just remember to drink once a day.

The presence of symptoms typical of helminthic invasion does not allow us to assert with complete certainty that parasites live in the human body. To make an accurate diagnosis, one cannot do without tests: in order to find out exactly whether there are worms or not, to find out what kind of helminth struck the body, you need to conduct an examination.

The following tests for worms will help to accurately identify the disease:

  • Analysis of feces. helminth eggs are found in the feces, as well as their remains. This analysis is not very accurate. It must be carried out at least three times with an interval of several days, since the worms do not lay eggs every day. So you will be able to get real results.
  • Scraping from the anus and perineum. allows you to determine the presence of pinworms, as well as ascaris.
  • An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. detects immunoglobulins that are formed in the blood as a reaction of the body to the parasitism of specific types of worms. Venous blood is taken for study.
  • Analysis of secretions secreted by the duodenum. eggs and the remains of parasite bodies are found in them.

Ultrasound, endoscopy, and tomography are used as additional diagnostic methods. They allow you to understand exactly where the colonies of parasites are located.

To check for worms in infants, you need to attach adhesive tape to the anus. Helminth eggs may remain on it. On this basis, it will be possible to understand that the baby is infected. But this is not an accurate diagnosis.

Signs of worms in children

If worms are wound up in a child’s fragile body, then the symptomatology manifests itself differently than in adults.

Symptoms typical for a helminthic invasion in a child:

  • Constant attempts to scratch the anus due to severe itching.
  • Teeth grinding in sleep.
  • Dry hair, flaky skin, dermatitis.
  • Poor appetite, constant desire to eat only sweets.
  • Alternating excessive activity with increased sleepiness.
  • Pain in the navel.
  • Deterioration in concentration.

While the baby still does not know how to talk, which means that he cannot complain about the deterioration of his condition, parents should be alerted by excessive tearfulness, salivation, and poor sleep. They may indicate infection with worms.

In the presence of such symptoms, it is important to diagnose the presence of worms. For children, parasites are very dangerous, because they can provoke a lag in intellectual and physical development, absorbing a large amount of nutrients.

If your child refuses to eat and prefers only sweets, this is a symptom of helminthic infestation.

The first symptoms. how to determine the presence of parasites?

IT IS IMPORTANT TO KNOW! A remedy for getting rid of parasites, which acts immediately. Read more

If worms appear in an adult’s body, then at the initial stage of infection there is no pronounced symptomatology. Obvious signs appear when parasites begin to multiply and be active, poisoning the body with toxins and absorbing most of the nutrients.

Common symptoms of worm infestation:

  • Diarrhea. The presence of parasites often leads to an upset stomach. There are several reasons for this. The first. due to helminths, the normal functioning of the digestive tract is disrupted. Second. some types of worms secrete substances that provoke diarrhea.
  • Discomfort in the abdomen, bloating, flatulence. these symptoms can appear for years if worms parasitize in the intestines.
  • Constipation and stagnation of bile. if people have large worms, they can block the bile ducts, the intestinal lumen, which leads to disturbances in the circulation of bile, complicates the process of emptying. The presence of a large number of parasites, which are relatively small in size, leads to a similar result. They form entire colonies by blocking ducts.
  • Allergic reactions. the presence of parasites activates the immune defense. The production of protective blood cells increases, which leads to the development of allergies. Also, helminths poison a person with waste products, which is also a common cause of allergy.
  • Inflammatory Bowel Syndrome. When worms appear in the intestines, they constantly irritate the walls. As a result, inflammation occurs.

Worms in the human body can create many problems.

  • Painful sensations in muscles, joints. worms often injure muscle and joint tissues, provoke inflammatory processes in them. Many types of parasites can live in the joint fluid. Then there are uncomfortable sensations similar to signs of arthritis.
  • Dermatological diseases. after infection with worms, people often begin to suffer from dermatitis, as well as urticaria, eczema, and various rashes.
  • Poor appearance. the presence of worms may be evidenced by common cosmetic defects: acne, acne, the appearance of early wrinkles, hair loss, up to baldness, cracks in the skin, brittle nails, poor complexion, since parasites consume most of the nutrients important for maintaining the normal state of the skin.
  • Anemia. some types of parasites, for example, Trichomonas and other protozoa, stick to the intestinal walls and suck blood from the vessels. With a long stay in the body or a large number of them, this can lead to anemia.
  • Weight problems. most often, infection with worms is accompanied by significant weight loss, because the person begins to suffer from digestive problems. But parasites also provoke excess weight gain. Most often this occurs when parasitizing tape worms. They absorb a large amount of nutrients, so a person constantly feels hunger, his appetite and, accordingly, weight increases significantly.
  • Nervous System Disorders. Parasites release strong toxins that damage the central nervous system. As a result, a person becomes nervous, irritable or, on the contrary, apathetic. He often worries, worries, gets angry, falls into depressive states without objective reasons.
  • Sleep problems. a person suffering from a worm infestation can often wake up at night, because it is then that the body most actively gets rid of toxins formed due to parasitic worms.
  • Bruxism. If a person has teeth grinding during sleep, this may indicate the presence of parasites. This symptom is especially pronounced in children.
  • Increased fatigue. against the background of helminthic invasion, especially with an advanced form, the syndrome of increased fatigue develops. It is difficult to concentrate on something, to memorize information. Efficiency decreases, intellectual and emotional productivity decreases.
  • Respiratory tract diseases. worms are often localized in the lungs, as well as in the respiratory tract. This leads to inflammation, coughing, phlegm production. Against the background of invasion, asthma, pneumonia can develop.
  • Immune System Disorders. Parasites significantly weaken the immune system, especially in children. The body’s protective functions fall. This leads to frequent illnesses.
  • Oncology. if helminthiasis is not treated for years, parasites negatively affect the functioning of all systems and organs, poison the body, which can become a trigger for the formation of malignant tumors.
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    Frequent sleep problems can signal the presence of worms in the body.

    Specific signs of helminthic invasion, the intensity of their expression depend on the localization of parasites and their number. Also, the symptomatology is determined by which helminths have settled in the body.

    Let’s consider the main types of infections and their typical manifestations:

    • Ascaris infestation is accompanied by abdominal pain, vomiting, poor appetite, and liver disease. Dermatitis, dry cough, and fever often appear. Possible bowel obstruction.
    • Pinworm infection leads to abdominal pain, dermatitis, and vulvovaginitis. A typical symptom of these worms is itching in the anus. It can be mild or very intense.
    • When infected with whipworms, dysbiosis, anemia and vitamin deficiency often develop.
    • When Trichinella parasites in the body, pancreatitis, fever develop, and icteric syndrome appears. Often a person suffers from muscle pain, swelling and problems with the nervous system.
    • Serious health problems arise when a bovine or pork tapeworm or tapeworm settles in the body. The person suffers from severe stomach upset, nausea, headaches, weakness. Rapid weight loss is observed, anemia and apathy develop. Typical signs of tapeworm infestation are sour belching, excessive pallor, and white bloom on the surface of the tongue.
    • The main signs of fluke infection are diarrhea or constipation, high fever, severe muscle pain, choking, and biliary colic. Also, there are problems with sleep, loss of strength, problems with maintaining balance. The person becomes very irritable and quick-tempered. He is tormented by severe allergies.

    You can find out detailed information about which worms parasitize in the body, and what this leads to, from the article “What worms are in humans”.

    How to find out if a person has worms

    The risk of contracting helminths always exists for everyone. Most often, children attending kindergarten suffer from parasites. But adults who carefully follow the rules of hygiene are not immune from this. You can become infected with helminths by stroking an animal, eating poorly washed fruit or meat that has undergone insufficient heat treatment. Worms bring colossal harm to health, it is important to understand in time that worms have appeared, and to choose an effective method of treatment.

    What to do if there are worms

    If the check showed that you or the child have worms, they must be removed immediately. The presence of parasites has a very negative effect on the human condition, in especially advanced cases, there are even deaths.

    To achieve the maximum improvement in the condition, you need to consistently go through 3 stages of anthelmintic therapy:

    • Preparatory. it provides for the preliminary cleansing of the body from toxins formed as a result of the vital activity of parasites. To do this, 5-7 days before meals, you need to drink pumpkin seed oil. Sorbents can be used.
    • Directly removing worms. they are removed with the help of medicines or folk remedies. The main thing is to follow the instructions.
    • Restorative. at this stage you need to drink vitamin complexes that will help restore the normal functioning of the body.

    You also need to follow a diet. Fried, fatty, flour and sweet foods are excluded from the diet. You need to eat soups, cereals, a lot of fruits, vegetables.

    Treatment without pills. folk remedies

    At home, you can remove worms using folk remedies. There are many recipes. For their preparation, exclusively natural ingredients are used: pumpkin, nuts, herbs, onions, garlic. Decoctions, infusions, enemas are made of them.

    Folk recipes are slower than medicines. The treatment lasts 10–20 days. But this disadvantage is compensated for by the safety of such drugs. It is only important to make sure that a person is not allergic to specific components of traditional medicines.

    Effective recipes with a detailed description of the cooking process are presented in the section “Treatment of worms with folk remedies”.

    Symptoms and Signs

    Many of the symptoms of infection are general and non-specific. Thus, difficulties arise in diagnosing worms. First of all, you need to look for worms in the feces. Sometimes, even in the absence of symptoms, they can be detected in this way and at the same time, usually by accident.

    Basically, the symptoms of helminthiasis are manifested in the form of gastrointestinal disorders. However, some types of parasites are able to migrate through the body, affecting other organs. As a rule, there is no symptomatology with a weak invasion. A large number of intestinal worms can irritate the mucous membrane, which is manifested by symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea (sometimes mixed with mucus and / or blood), poor appetite and weight loss.

    The cucumber tapeworm proglottid comes out of the dog’s anus, while it moves and resembles a fly larva

    It is sometimes possible to suspect helminthiasis behind respiratory symptoms. cough, discharge from the eyes and nose. Certain roundworms and flukes clog the blood vessels, the heart, or the lungs (heartworms). This can cause coughing, heavy or rapid breathing, and lack of energy. Due to a bleeding disorder, some dogs start bleeding uncontrollably even after minor injuries. Sometimes such invasions are fatal.

    You can pay attention to the physique of the dog. After all, worms, especially tapeworms, absorb nutrients from the animal’s body, which leads to dramatic weight loss.

    How do you know if your dog has worms? 5 symptoms

    Any of these signs require an immediate visit to your veterinarian. Although treatment can be expensive, it increases the chances of a good outcome.

    Diagnostics

    If symptoms are present, a fecal specimen should be collected and taken to a veterinary clinic for fecal worm eggs to be tested. Independent detection of parasites is also possible, but at a certain stage of the life cycle, there are no adults in the feces, but their eggs are present, which cannot be seen with the naked eye.

    To collect the sample, feces are taken with a disposable spoon and placed in a clean screw-on container with a tight-fitting lid. It can be kept refrigerated before it goes to the clinic for testing, but the sooner it gets to the lab, the better. Your veterinarian may ask you to collect stool samples from your dog once a day for 3 consecutive days in one collection. This may be necessary to avoid a “false negative” result. In the pooled sample, the risk of obtaining inaccurate data is reduced.

    Sometimes the best diagnosis is to document the risk factors for the dog. The owner should write down the environment in which the animal lived, about its habits. You also need to determine the severity and duration of the symptoms of the disease, and then provide this information to the veterinarian.

    Treatment

    Treatment of diseases with parasitic worms in dogs is carried out with anthelmintic drugs. The specific drug, as well as its dosage, is prescribed by the veterinarian and depends on many factors, from the age of the animal to the degree of invasion. They contain active substances such as pyrantel, piperazine, praziquantel, fenbendazole.

    How to identify the type of worms in a dog?

    While many worms are difficult to distinguish among themselves, each of them has some distinctive characteristics that make it possible to identify the type of worm:

    • toxocaras (dog roundworms) resemble boiled noodles, their body can reach 18 cm in length, smooth and round;
    • tapeworms (including various tapeworms) have a flat body, consisting of segments (length varies from 50 cm to 250 cm). in feces and vomit, not a whole worm is usually found, but part of it that carries out the eggs. These emerging segments (proglottids) resemble fly larvae and can remain active for some time;
    • whipworms are much smaller than tapeworms, their length is 0.5-2 cm, the body is thin, like a thread, translucent;
    • trematodes, which include hepatic, pulmonary and blood flukes, are flat organisms that resemble plant leaves. And schistosomes (blood flukes) are elongated and oval. But trematodes or their parts never leave the dog’s body with feces, since they parasitize mostly inside organs or vessels, and not inside the intestines. Infection with them occurs much less frequently than round and tapeworms;
    • filariae (including heart and subcutaneous worms). threadlike light worms, the length of which reaches 30 cm.

    Experts can determine the type of worm by the structure of its egg. This can only be done under a microscope.

    How to tell if your dog has worms?

    There are many different types of helminths that can inhabit a dog’s body. But the greatest concern among them is some species of round and tapeworms, as they are the most common. It is impossible to determine which parasite a dog has based on symptoms alone. However, knowing the general signs, you can provide timely treatment for your pet.

    Varieties of worms in dogs

    Helminths can be similar to each other. One of the most effective ways to identify the type of worms that parasitize your dog is to know the environmental and situational factors that are most beneficial for each type of worm.

    Canine toxocara (roundworm) can be transmitted to puppies even at the stage of intrauterine development, since eggs and larvae are able to penetrate the placenta. Also, infection is possible through breast milk. Adult animals become infected by eating meat of intermediate hosts. sheep, pigs, birds, rodents, which contain helminth larvae.

    Cucumber tapeworm infects dogs if an infected flea containing worm eggs is accidentally ingested.

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    Dog whipworm eggs develop in moist soil, so animals run the risk of infection by running in wet grass.

    The broad tapeworm, like the cucumber tapeworm, belongs to tapeworms. But unlike it, it reaches enormous sizes (up to 15 m) and is the longest worm that can live inside a dog. Infection occurs when eating infected fish.

    In filarias, insects (mosquitoes, biting midges, horseflies, midges) act as intermediate hosts, so the dog can become infected after their bites. This superfamily also includes heartworms, as well as other dirofilariae, which most often live under the skin. The greatest danger is observed in the regions of distribution of such insects, which are vectors.

    Echinococcus a dog can become infected by eating the meat of an infected animal (livestock).

    Various types of trematodes are also found in dogs, in particular, liver flukes (cat fluke, Chinese fluke) Alaria alata, Japanese schistosome, etc. A dog can become infected with them by eating raw fish, tadpoles, drinking contaminated water.

    The main types of worms that occur in dogs

    Prophylaxis

    Preventive measures include:

    • Timely detection and treatment of helminthiasis.
    • Prevention with anthelmintic drugs, especially in the case of living in a region with a high incidence rate.
    • Cleansing dogs from fleas.
    • Restricting an animal’s access to a hostile environment.
    • Keeping the animal from communicating with other dogs that have not been dewormed.
    • Limiting contact with wild and predatory animals.
    • Exclusion from the diet of raw fish, dubious meat.

    You need to visit your veterinarian regularly. Keeping the dog under his control will keep the dog healthy. Your veterinarian will be able to identify problems before they become serious.

    Symptoms and signs of worms

    What signs in behavior should alert you, and suggest that the kitten has worms?

    • Symptoms of general malaise: despondency, frequent lying on the rug, or in a secluded corner, unwillingness to play, all these signs should draw attention to themselves.
    • The kitten is already accustomed to going “to the toilet” in the sand, but recently it has been doing it more and more often in the wrong place. Why? Yes, he simply does not reach, the roundworm is an insidious thing, she turned, wagged her tail (and the tail could be 10 cm), and the kitten “itch”.
    • The kitten has diarrhea, or constipation, or that alternates with another, these are also symptoms, especially if there has been no change of food recently.
    • Sometimes the presence of blood in the poop can also be a sign of worms. Examining the faeces of animals may not be the most pleasant experience, but it is necessary and just as natural, it is necessary to consider the food of the animal.
    • A sign of opisthorchiasis may be yellowness of the skin of the tummy, especially if the kitten was taken from the village, where the owner is a passionate fisherman, and the basis of the baby’s diet was a fresh, quivering fish.
    • Yellowish sclera of the eyes in kittens, yellowness of the mucous membranes of the mouth: not always of course, but if you look closely, you can notice these signs.
    • Vomiting may be a clear sign of worms in kittens. over, it is not associated with food intake.
    • Themselves vomit may not be, it is only the urge to vomit. When Ascaris migrates, only the gag reflex occurs.
    • Sometimes ascaris can also be found in the vomit, which is extremely rare.
    • But the bloating of a kitten’s tummy is a very common sign of the presence of helminths. Bloating can be either permanent or intermittent, this symptom depends on the type of helminthic invasion and on the stage of development of the parasite.

    If the cat is already a teenager, then an article about worms in adult cats may be useful to you.

    Advice from veterinarian Irina Barabash

    Of course, we are very pleased when the kitten is healthy, cheerful and cheerful. You can play with your baby indefinitely. And if there are children in the house, we are ready to watch for hours how our child and our kitten play.

    But, unfortunately, it also happens otherwise. We begin to observe some strange signs, or children begin to report some peculiarities in the behavior of their four-legged pet that they do not understand. Sometimes our suspicions are unfounded, well, an animal cannot play without stopping, it also gets tired of movement and excessive human attention, especially children.

    How to tell if your dog has worms

    Check out the article on what cat worms are. to know exactly what we are looking for. Sometimes we are right, and the signs that the kitten has worms lead us to sad thoughts. But don’t worry so much. With worms, fleas, ticks and other passionate lovers of our cat, mankind has long and successfully learned to fight. Modern pharmaceutical remedies for worms are not only effective, but they also have a complex effect, that is, using one medicine, we successfully kill both round and flat worms, moreover, we prevent endoparasites (fleas and ticks). The only question remains that it needs to be done, in a timely manner and regularly.

    Signs of worms in a kitten: 10 symptoms that should alert you

    How to understand that a kitten has worms, are there specific signs of helminthiasis, how to get worms out of a baby?

    Worms in a kitten, what to give?

    Attentive attitude to your pet, observation of manners, habits will certainly prompt you to think about unhealthy behavior. At the first suspicious symptoms, respond to his needs and weaknesses, because he has no one else to turn to!

    Therefore, it is necessary to give the kitten a drug. Treating a kitten is much easier than treating an adult animal. The kitten is small, and most likely you will not need helpers when fixing the animal. Of course, you can deliberately ask your child to help you, and take part in the treatment of his pet, he will be proud of the fact that he cured his pet.

    How to treat a kitten for worms with pills, and which ones to choose?

    It is not at all difficult to open the animal’s mouth, press lightly with the fingers of one hand on the corners of the kitten’s mouth, and quickly put a piece of the tablet on the root of the tongue. After a minute, look inside again: a sign that the baby has swallowed the pill is an empty mouth. There are a lot of drugs, get acquainted in more detail with different remedies for worms and be sure to watch the video on how to give tablets for worms.

    If you prefer a suspension, then with the help of a measuring spoon it is easy to give it. pour it into an open mouth. Prepare a napkin in advance, because it is possible that your kitten will not accept the suspension and end up with a slobbery face, which will look unaesthetic.

    Before proceeding with such manipulations, try to mix a little suspension into your favorite food (sausage, minced meat, curd). Suspensions tend to have a sweetish flavor. If the full dose of the medicine is divided into 3 and mixed into the minced meat in 3 doses, everything will be eaten and they will ask for supplements. You do not need to feed the animal in advance, but there is no need to withstand on a hungry diet.

    If you prefer the Prazitel suspension, then using a special syringe for dosing, you can easily and simply inject the medicine into the kitten’s mouth. over, this drug is indicated from 3 weeks of age. If the pet is already 6 weeks old, then you can also give “Geliminal stop”.

    “Popular” treatment with pyrantel

    I have a special attitude to treatment with pirantel, it is useful to look at the article about pirantel for cats and kittens.

    In my opinion, treatment with pyrantel is inappropriate, it acts only on roundworms, and without laboratory diagnostics, we cannot be sure of their presence. Check out the article on what cat worms are.

    Even if we saw the release of sexually mature roundworms with feces, it is not a fact that they were alone there, perhaps they were accompanied by tape helminths, but they did not rush to “go out” therefore, in any case, complex remedies are more appropriate for use.

    You took the kitten into the house. Do not even think about where you got it, and that supposedly the former owner swore that her kittens did not, and could not have worms. Don’t look for “symptoms”, just buy an anthelmintic at your veterinary pharmacy! Do not buy a medicine at kiosks, markets, or on layouts, the medicine must be stored and sold at a certain temperature, otherwise even the highest quality turns into “fuflomycin”. Repeating deworming once every 3 months, observing the age dosage. You can be completely calm and confident in the “purity” of your animal.

    But, if you hoped for the honesty of the previous owner, and do not want to unnecessarily expose the body of the little creature to the action of a potent drug, then just carefully observe the animal. Let the children participate in this, this is both interesting and informative, and useful.

    So, now you have complete information on what symptoms you need to pay attention to in order to recognize and remove all parasites in time.

    Having listened to the recommendations, having consulted with a doctor, familiar cat and kitten lovers, guided by your life experience, you will certainly cope with such a trifle as worms in a kitten.