home Article How to tell if your guinea pig is pregnant

How to tell if your guinea pig is pregnant

How old do they grow

Sea piglets are born with a weight of 45 to 90 g. It all depends on the age of the mother, the number of pups in the litter. Not the least important is heredity and breed of animal.

Animals born with a body weight of less than 35. 40 g have almost no chance of survival, even if the owner starts feeding them by hand.

The body length of a newborn rodent is about 8. 9 cm.The cubs are actively feeding, they immediately begin to gain weight.

As soon as the weight of the female approaches 0, 6. 0.7 kg, and of males to 0.8 kg, the growth of the animals slows down, but does not stop at all. The rate of growth and weight gain depends on individual characteristics.

Subject to the basic rules of keeping, feeding rodents, they stop growing by 14-15 months.

When they become sexually mature?

Guinea pigs are animals that mature quickly. The ability to reproduce in young gilts occurs quite early.

Males can mate and produce offspring already at the age of 2.5. 3 months, and females come to hunt starting from 35. 45 days.

It is contraindicated to specially create pairs, to let rodents into breeding so early.

tell, your, guinea, pregnant

A young female, weighing less than 500 g, rarely brings strong viable offspring. During childbirth, not only the offspring can die, but also the adult animal.

Physiologically, the pig, although it can mate, its body has not yet been fully formed, the birth canal is too narrow. A guinea pig can become pregnant without risk to health at 5-6 months, and the male reaches optimal readiness for reproduction by 10-12. From this age, pets can mate.

When deciding to mate their animals, the owner must be prepared for the fact that rodents for veterinarians are not the usual cats and dogs. They simply may not have enough skill and experience in the management of childbirth in such relatively small animals.

In order to avoid early and unwanted mating, it is better to keep animals in same-sex groups. And the male should be planted with the female only for planned and thoughtful reproduction. If the couple is of breeding interest, then it is advisable to plan the first birth before the female reaches 12 months.

Given that pregnancy lasts up to 62. 68 days, the best time for mating females comes from 6 to 8 months.

Guinea pig age: determined by weight and compared in relation to humans

Guinea pigs can end up in a family at any stage in their lives. If the animal does not have documents confirming the date of its birth, the new owner will have to determine the life span by appearance and other signs.

It is important to do this at least approximately, since the physiological state of the animal, proper care for it very often depends on the date of its birth.

How to find out how many days, months or years a pet is?

Newborn sea pigs are born as fully formed animals. Their body is covered with fur, their eyes and auditory canals are open, and there are already some teeth in their mouths. Once dry, they begin to play and actively move.

If the pig gets to the owner without exact information about the age, then it can be determined by indirect signs. The average weight of newborn babies of this animal is 50-60 g, but it can be 40 and 90 g. If there is one cub in a litter, then it can weigh 100 g.

In some cases, the weight of a newborn may exceed 100 g, there are examples of the birth of gilts weighing 140 g.

Despite the fact that almost immediately after birth, the pigs are interested in adult food, they actively feed only on mother’s milk. The rate of increase in body length and weight depends on individual and breed characteristics:

  • after two weeks, the weight doubles, if the newborn weighed 90 g, then by the 15th day his weight approaches 180. 190 g, the body length is 10. 12 cm;
  • by 16. 18 days, the weight is 200 g, and the length is 14 cm;
  • at 5-6 weeks, the young animal weighs 0.4 kg, and its body length reaches 16. 20 cm.

It can be concluded that by the 45th day the animal weighs 4. 5 times more than at birth, and its body length increases 1.8. 2.0 times. From this period until 17 weeks, the pig grows well, both weight and body length increase.

When the female gains 0.6. 0.7 kg, and the male 0.7. 0.8 kg, the growth rate slows down, usually animals have such a mass at 10. 12 months. The body length of such rodents is already 23. 25 cm.

By 15 months, the animal stops growing. It weighs 0.8. 1.2 kg, its body length is 27. 35 cm. Males of large breeds can gain up to 1.5. 1.8 kg.

Early pregnancy detection

The main indicator of the onset of pregnancy in a guinea pig is the absence of estrus. Delay occurs usually 14-15 days after mating.

In order to learn how to understand whether a guinea pig is pregnant or not, try giving your animal regular check-ups. If you gently feel the belly of a pet in the presence of pregnancy and in its absence, even an inexperienced owner of these animals will be able to feel the characteristic difference.

Do not try too persistently and carefully to feel the belly of the mumps. If such procedures cause discomfort to the animal, then the feeling should be stopped immediately, and the next time it should be done as carefully as possible.

In addition, if the guinea pig does not allow itself to be controlled or does not allow itself to be touched, then this behavior may indicate the presence of pregnancy. During such periods, animals are distinguished by increased sensitivity and a heightened instinct for self-preservation.

Definition of pregnancy at a later date

Later in pregnancy, the guinea pig’s pregnancy becomes visible visually. Her belly becomes noticeably rounded, and her movements become more sluggish. In addition, the nipples swell at the same time and change color to a brighter one.

You can determine whether a guinea pig is pregnant by regularly weighing the animal. Please note that in the first weeks the pet will maintain its usual weight. After 3 weeks of pregnancy, there will be a rapid increase in weight.

In late pregnancy, toxicosis may occur in guinea pigs. During this period, the animal may refuse food. This behavior should not be ignored. Otherwise, the offspring may not survive or have developmental abnormalities.

As the embryos develop, the guinea pig becomes sluggish. In late pregnancy, animals practically do not move. Rapid breathing is observed, and outwardly the pet looks tired and drowsy. The owner of the guinea pig should make sure that the water for the pet is always freely available.

Dates of pregnancy in guinea pigs

Pregnancy in a guinea pig usually lasts no more than ten weeks. Premature birth can occur if an animal has more than three fetuses. Cubs are born well-developed and quite mobile. This fact is due to the natural way of life of this animal. The fact is that guinea pigs spend most of their time on the surface, they do not dig holes, but occupy ready-made shelters. The offspring of a guinea pig should be able to hide from enemies from the very first days of life.

During pregnancy, the guinea pig needs to be provided with adequate care and a comfortable living environment. Otherwise, the offspring may be born unadapted for life.

After giving birth, in no case should you disturb your pet or pick up newborn cubs. Otherwise, the guinea pig can independently destroy its offspring.

Signs and preparation for upcoming labor in a guinea pig

After it turned out to determine the pregnancy of the guinea pig, a crucial period begins. preparation for the birth of babies.

  • acute reaction to loud noises and noise, hostility to a male that has not yet been placed in a separate cage;
  • preparation of the nest 3-4 days before the event, frequent cleaning of the fur and washing, warming the birthplace with hay or scraps of wool;
  • lethargy and refusal to eat a few days before childbirth;
  • noticeable expansion of the pelvis for better patency of the pups along the birth canal;
  • very intense thirst;
  • characteristic groans at the beginning of contractions.
  • preparation of a solution of glucose and hydrogen peroxide, dicinone, gamavit, oxytocin, calcium gluconate, disposable syringes, milk substitute and physical. solution;
  • setting an approximate date of birth;
  • installation in a cage of a nest house or a box of hay / cloth;
  • examination of the pelvis of the mumps after 60 days (dilated bones indicate an imminent birth);
  • keeping the drinking bowl filled with water;
  • agreement with a veterinarian on possible assistance in difficult childbirth.

How to feed a pregnant guinea pig

In a crucial period, the animal needs high-calorie and high-quality nutrition, vitamins and minerals. It is necessary to feed a pregnant individual with the following products:

  • Granules. Granular feed is given 1 spoon daily, while an increase in the portion threatens the rodent with obesity. You can accustom a female to pelleted food by giving 2-3 pellets a day, until the required amount increases within a week.
  • Liquid. 2-3 drinkers with clean fresh water are useful in the cage.
  • Hay. A green garden or timothy plant will do. Wet, dark or moldy food that can lead to indigestion and poisoning is excluded. Alfalfa hay, as it contains a lot of calcium and protein, is very welcome in the diet, because helps fetuses develop normally.
  • Vegetables are useful during pregnancy. Better to give one type each day (eggplant, celery, carrot, corn, pepper, broccoli, tomato and cucumber angle grinder).
  • Succulent herbs. These are carrot tops, lettuce, spinach, parsley, lupine, sage, clover, alfalfa, sweet clover, dandelions and plantain.
  • Fruits. Once every 3 days, it is allowed to pamper the pet with apple slices, grapes or strawberries.
  • Cottage cheese and milk. The norm. twice a week in small quantities.
  • Vitamins and minerals. Sources. Specialty supplements containing calcium and ascorbic acid.

Radishes, unripe tomatoes, cabbage, citrus fruits, potatoes, nightshade, sorrel, lily of the valley, geranium and fern are contraindicated for a pregnant female.

How long does a guinea pig pregnancy last?

The average gestation period in guinea pigs is 60 to 68 days (approximately 10 weeks). It directly depends on the number of hatched piglets, the age and breed of the fluffy mother. Sometimes a single or twin pregnancy lasts 72-75 days, multiple pregnancies. 58-62 days. With a life expectancy of 5 years, due care and attention, rodents live up to 8 years, become pregnant and give birth. up to 2-3 years. Experts do not advise taking for breeding individuals older than three years of age.

READ  How many puppies give birth to a husky for the first time

It is safe for health to bear cubs of guinea pigs 2 times a year. If pregnancy is detected, it is recommended to plant the male separately so that his partner can calmly endure and give birth to offspring, recover after giving birth, feeding the pigs.

If the male is not planted, he is able to cover his partner within a day after the appearance of the babies. However, a new pregnancy will lead to hormonal changes, refusal to feed piglets and a possible threat of miscarriage.

How to tell if a guinea pig is pregnant

It is almost impossible to understand that a guinea pig is pregnant in the early stages. At this time, there are no external signs of pregnancy and changes in the behavior of the mumps. Changes begin from the 18th day, when the stomach is rounded, and when palpating, fruits are felt as dense as balls. Palpation is best done by a veterinarian or an experienced breeder so as not to injure the mother and offspring.

A change in the volume of the abdomen in the 2nd month speaks of pregnancy even to a novice breeder. At the end of the period, the abdomen is greatly rounded and enlarged, and if there is a likelihood of bloating during an unplanned pregnancy, you need to contact your veterinarian. A specialist will conduct an ultrasound scan and confirm or exclude such a possibility. X-rays may be taken shortly before delivery to determine presentation and number of fetuses.

  • Increased animal appetite. The pig eats and drinks a lot to provide the growing cubs with all the necessary substances.
  • Lack of heat. It happens every two weeks during the day. In this case, the animal bends, hums when stroking, and the vagina is moistened and swollen.
  • Rounding of the abdomen begins from the 3rd week due to the rapid growth of the cubs, plus active movement from the 7th week.
  • Change in the genital loop. The external genital organ swells, becomes loose and enlarged.
  • Changes in behavior. A pregnant guinea pig becomes less playful and sedentary, chooses secluded corners in a house or in a cage, sometimes sorts out food or refuses sweets, shows aggression towards the male.
  • An increase in the number of bowel movements and urination. The reason is the pressure of the enlarged uterus on the intestines and bladder.
  • Noticeable weight gain. Starting from the 4th week, the individual gains twice in weight. It needs to be weighed twice a week to control body weight, and the results recorded in a notebook or journal.
  • Anger towards relatives. Protecting unborn offspring, the female shows hostility to the male and other rodents.

While the pigs are pregnant, you need to protect them from stress, which can lead to uterine bleeding or self-abortion. It is forbidden to squeeze the animal, move the cage to another place, often clean the house or scare the female with loud sounds.

Even with a good course of pregnancy, the owner of a fluffy pet is advised to take into account possible pathologies. This refusal to eat, weight loss, bloody / purulent discharge from the genital loop, indifference, strong salivation, and muscle flaccidity. Such manifestations require the appointment of conserving therapy or emergency caesarean surgery.

If the female does not become pregnant, there are several reasons:

  • Infertility. Comes after pathological childbirth, or a consequence of a natural feature.
  • Latent disease, poor care and
  • The male was mistaken for a female.

The latter reason is common among inexperienced breeders.

Features of pregnancy and childbirth in guinea pigs

Friendly and unpretentious rodents are often kept as pets. Their life span is 8-19 years. Sometimes heterosexual guinea pigs are bred for the sake of obtaining offspring. To do this, you need to know the features of pregnancy and childbirth in animals.

Puberty

Early pregnancy in guinea pigs can be unsuccessful. The reason is that the mother’s body is not fully strengthened, not ready for childbirth. Premature mating often leads to illness, disease, and weak or stillborn babies. Guinea pigs often die during childbirth.

Maturation of males occurs at 2-2.5 months. By this time, both he and the female should weigh 500-700 g.

Often breeders have a question: at what age can a guinea pig become pregnant? Females are ready for breeding from 7-9 weeks. A fully-fledged individual is ready for mating from 11-12 months. Cohabitation in the same cage with the male guarantees the birth of piglets all year round. The male is capable of covering no more than a dozen females.

Heat is considered a favorable time for conception, lasting 1-2 days. The pet is brought together with a partner 10-12 hours after the start of the hunt. The break between estrus is from 14 to 18 days.

How guinea pigs give birth and how to help them

Pregnancy in guinea pigs lasts 60 to 75 days, and labor ends naturally.

The onset of labor falls on calm night hours. The process itself takes about an hour, for first-borns. 5-6 hours, if there are several cubs.

The female gives birth in a sitting position with her head bowed. At the same time, she kind of hiccups. Babies are born every 5 minutes, and the mother tears each of the amniotic membranes and licks them. Then he eats the shell and the baby’s places, and gives the cubs to drink the precious colostrum.

Newborn piglets with soft coats, clear eyes and mature teeth need to be kept warm to stay warm.

The sad consequence of childbirth is that dead piglets must be urgently removed from their mother, she reacts painfully to their death. If all the babies are dead, you need to see a specialist. He will prescribe drugs that stop lactation and establish the cause of the poor outcome.

The appearance of dead cubs is possible with:

  • infectious disease;
  • early pregnancy;
  • disturbed feeding and maintenance of the female.

Help will come in handy with the following complications:

  • The pig is stuck in the birth canal. Here you need to grease the body with oil (preferably with Vaseline) and take out the baby, turning by the clock.
  • The female does not have time to break the shell. The owner needs to tear the shell with a napkin, clean the mucus from the newborn’s face, shake it, wipe it dry and place it next to a bottle of warm water. Later, when the baby moves, put it to the mother.
  • Long (more than 1 hour) contractions. If they are accompanied by bleeding, loud noises, frothing at the mouth and salivation, urgent intervention is needed. Often the female and the babies are saved by an emergency cesarean section.

After a difficult birth, individuals need to rest. To find out again that the guinea pig is pregnant, perhaps in 4.5-5 months. A little earlier than this time, the female and male go through a new mating. It will result in the appearance of a new, viable offspring.

Guinea pig cubs

Within a few hours after birth, babies begin to explore the world. The mother only feeds them for 21 days, due to the presence of two milk nipples. Therefore, nature made sure that the piglets eat solid food on the second day.

After the end of milk feeding, they need to be divided into sex groups and resettled. From 3 months old little females are ready for breeding.

A grown-up individual is unable to become pregnant without a male. If the owner does not want offspring from the pig, it is better to provide the male and female with separate living. An option would be to add same-sex individuals to exclude conception.

Every breeder should know everything about such interesting animals. Knowing the simple rules will help you breed guinea pigs with ease. The happy result will be getting strong and beautiful cubs.

Guinea pig cubs

The weight of a newly born baby can vary from 50 to 120 grams. Cubs are born with open eyes, teeth formed, and already a few hours after birth, they are able to walk and even run around the cage. This is another distinctive feature of guinea pigs from other rodents. Babies look like an exact miniature copy of adult animals and can even feed on their own, however, without breast milk, the chances of survival are close to zero. Female guinea pigs have only two nipples, so they feed the babies in turn. There is enough milk for the entire offspring. whether it be two or eight cubs. They are good and caring mothers.

On fatty milk, young animals quickly gain weight and already in the first two weeks the baby’s weight doubles. On the third day after birth, the animals begin to taste the food, imitating their mother. At the age of one month, young animals are seated in separate cages.

Childbirth in a guinea pig

Before giving birth in the guinea pig house, it is necessary to change the litter. Soft hay or scraps of newsprint work well for bedding. From hay or newspapers, the female will build herself a cozy nest. A pregnant guinea pig needs a separate cage, 30x40x40 cm or 30x50x40 cm in size. The approach of childbirth in the animal can be understood by the opening of the birth canal: the bones of the hip joint begin to diverge. Also, the expectant mother is anxious, may refuse the offered food, work hard to build the nest, and constantly cleans her skin. In the last hours before giving birth, females may be thirsty and drink unusually large amounts of water.

If the animal is healthy and the pregnancy was normal, then childbirth lasts no more than an hour.

Pigs sit during childbirth, and babies are born at intervals of four to five minutes. The female itself tears the amniotic membrane and licks the body of the newborn. The breeder’s help may be needed if the female is inexperienced. During the first birth, the breeder sometimes has to help remove the shell and rub the baby’s body with a soft and clean napkin.

Puberty guinea pigs

Female guinea pigs are ready to breed at seven to eight weeks of age, but many breeders do not recommend breeding at such an early age. The pig’s body is not yet fully formed and strengthened, so there are frequent cases of the death of the animal during childbirth. Males reach sexual maturity somewhat later. by two months. The first mating is recommended when the female is 11 months old, and the male is a year old. If the conditions are good, then a pair of gilts is ready for breeding throughout the year. females are in heat with an interval of fourteen to seventeen days and lasts two days. However, the most favorable time for conception is the first twelve hours after the onset of estrus. The readiness of the female to cover is easy to determine by her behavior. she begins to pose in front of the male, freezes in place, spreading her paws and raising her rear.

If breeding is planned, then there should be no more than ten females per male.

The whole family can be kept in one cage, providing each female with a separate house for the period of childbirth. However, this method of keeping has a significant disadvantage. the inability to control the frequency of mating and childbirth. Although females are ready for a new conception almost immediately after giving birth, breeders prefer to receive the next offspring no earlier than 5-6 months later. In order to maintain the health of the female and get strong, healthy and viable cubs, each female is recommended to happen no more than twice a year. Males are also quickly depleted if the number of mates is high. This leads not only to infertility, but also to serious diseases, and even death.

Features of pregnancy and childbirth in a guinea pig

Guinea pigs are small, very cute and intelligent rodents that have become popular pets all over the world. Animals are unpretentious in keeping, prefer to eat food of plant origin, and under good conditions of keeping they can live ten to twelve years. However, for the successful breeding of animals, not only good conditions and proper nutrition are needed, but also an understanding of the characteristics of the course of pregnancy and childbirth.

READ  How to train your dog not to spoil at home

Guinea pig pregnancy

The very first sign of pregnancy is the absence of the next heat and a noticeable increase in the tummy. In the third week, you can find out about pregnancy by changing the genitals, which become not only larger in size, but also acquire some looseness. Under the influence of hormonal changes, small cracks often appear on the skin of a pregnant female. They are not painful, but require care and lubrication with regular baby cream. If you take the pig in your arms and try to feel the tummy, you can feel small dense lumps. You need to be prepared for the fact that the pig will not like it and it will break out and even bite. At the first manifestations of discontent, the animal should be immediately returned to the cage. In the later stages of pregnancy, too frequent and painful pressing on the tummy can lead to premature birth.

To determine the exact number of babies, you need to wait until the fourth week. At this time, the cubs are already well felt.

Starting from the fourth week, the female is actively gaining weight. If this does not happen, you should contact your veterinarian. From the sixth week, the movement of the cubs becomes noticeable, and the female becomes less active and prefers to sleep most of the day.

Pregnancy in guinea pigs lasts 64 days, but this figure is rather arbitrary.

The duration depends on the breed, the size of the female and the number of pups. If the baby is one or two, then the pregnancy can last even longer, up to 75 days, and if there are many cubs, then on the contrary. childbirth occurs faster, at 58. 62 days. For rodents, this duration of pregnancy is not typical, however, in the case of guinea pigs, it is explained by the peculiarity of their life: they do not build burrows and live on the surface. Even newborn babies should be able to escape from predators in case of danger.

how to know if a guinea pig is pregnant

It is better to separate a pregnant female from the male and other females for several reasons:

  • females worried about childbirth can harm babies,
  • the male can cover the female immediately after giving birth, which will lead to a deterioration in the health of the mother who has just given birth,
  • other animals can disturb the pregnant mumps, which sometimes ends
  • premature birth and death of offspring.

Often, toxicosis is manifested in guinea pigs during pregnancy. The breeder will easily understand this by the following signs:

  • poor appetite of the animal,
  • tousled fur,
  • profuse salivation,
  • drooping eyelids,
  • apathy,
  • muscle spasms.

Toxicosis is caused by stress, heat or high humidity, multiple pregnancies, poor nutrition or lack of water.

Features of feeding pregnant pigs

The diet of the female before mating, as well as during pregnancy and childbirth, must fully correspond to the increased load on the body during this period and contain more vitamins, fiber and be nutritious, but not fatty. Foods containing fats during this period can lead to digestive problems, impaired development of babies, and also cause premature birth. It is important for the breeder to understand that both underfeeding and overfeeding are equally dangerous for the animal at this time. A pregnant guinea pig needs more grass, vegetables and fruits, but it needs much less dry food.

During pregnancy and lactation, it is contraindicated to give parsley, radish and radish, rosemary, mint and wormwood.

  • dill,
  • raspberry leaves and sprigs,
  • various seeds and nuts,
  • caraway,
  • beets,
  • carrot,
  • dandelion leaves,
  • spinach.

Pregnant gilts are fed twice a day. The first meal is in the morning, the second in the evening. Fresh herbs and hay should be kept in a separate feeder at all times. An approximate daily diet for a female guinea pig:

  • 12-15 grams of oats (if possible, it is better to germinate the grain),
  • 65. 70 grams of vegetables,
  • 3-5 grams of wheat,
  • 2. 3 grams of pelleted feed,
  • 25. 30 grams of fruit.

Puberty guinea pigs

Female guinea pigs are ready to breed at seven to eight weeks of age, but many breeders do not recommend breeding at such an early age. The pig’s body is not yet fully formed and strengthened, so there are frequent cases of the death of the animal during childbirth. Males reach sexual maturity somewhat later. by two months. The first mating is recommended when the female is 11 months old, and the male is a year old. If the conditions are good, then a pair of gilts is ready for breeding throughout the year. females are in heat with an interval of fourteen to seventeen days and lasts two days. However, the most favorable time for conception is the first twelve hours after the onset of estrus. The readiness of the female to cover is easy to determine by her behavior. she begins to pose in front of the male, freezes in place, spreading her paws and raising her rear.

If breeding is planned, then there should be no more than ten females per male.

The whole family can be kept in one cage, providing each female with a separate house for the period of childbirth. However, this method of keeping has a significant disadvantage. the inability to control the frequency of mating and childbirth. Although females are ready for a new conception almost immediately after giving birth, breeders prefer to receive the next offspring no earlier than 5-6 months later. In order to maintain the health of the female and get strong, healthy and viable cubs, each female is recommended to happen no more than twice a year. Males are also quickly depleted if the number of mates is high. This leads not only to infertility, but also to serious diseases, and even death.

How to tell if a Guinea pig is pregnant

How guinea pigs give birth and how to help them

Pregnancy in guinea pigs lasts 60 to 75 days, and labor ends naturally.

The onset of labor falls on calm night hours. The process itself takes about an hour, for first-borns. 5-6 hours, if there are several cubs.

The female gives birth in a sitting position with her head bowed. At the same time, she kind of hiccups. Babies are born every 5 minutes, and the mother tears each of the amniotic membranes and licks them. Then he eats the shell and the baby’s places, and gives the cubs to drink the precious colostrum.

Newborn piglets with soft coats, clear eyes and mature teeth need to be kept warm to stay warm.

The sad consequence of childbirth is that dead piglets must be urgently removed from their mother, she reacts painfully to their death. If all the babies are dead, you need to see a specialist. He will prescribe drugs that stop lactation and establish the cause of the poor outcome.

The appearance of dead cubs is possible with:

tell, your, guinea, pregnant
  • infectious disease;
  • early pregnancy;
  • disturbed feeding and maintenance of the female.

Help will come in handy with the following complications:

  • The pig is stuck in the birth canal. Here you need to grease the body with oil (preferably with Vaseline) and take out the baby, turning by the clock.
  • The female does not have time to break the shell. The owner needs to tear the shell with a napkin, clean the mucus from the newborn’s face, shake it, wipe it dry and place it next to a bottle of warm water. Later, when the baby moves, put it to the mother.
  • Long (more than 1 hour) contractions. If they are accompanied by bleeding, loud noises, frothing at the mouth and salivation, urgent intervention is needed. Often the female and the babies are saved by an emergency cesarean section.

After a difficult birth, individuals need to rest. To find out again that the guinea pig is pregnant, perhaps in 4.5-5 months. A little earlier than this time, the female and male go through a new mating. It will result in the appearance of a new, viable offspring.

How to feed a pregnant guinea pig

In a crucial period, the animal needs high-calorie and high-quality nutrition, vitamins and minerals. It is necessary to feed a pregnant individual with the following products:

  • Granules. Granular feed is given 1 spoon daily, while an increase in the portion threatens the rodent with obesity. You can accustom a female to pelleted food by giving 2-3 pellets a day, until the required amount increases within a week.
  • Liquid. 2-3 drinkers with clean fresh water are useful in the cage.
  • Hay. A green garden or timothy plant will do. Wet, dark or moldy food that can lead to indigestion and poisoning is excluded. Alfalfa hay, as it contains a lot of calcium and protein, is very welcome in the diet, because helps fetuses develop normally.
  • Vegetables are useful during pregnancy. Better to give one type each day (eggplant, celery, carrot, corn, pepper, broccoli, tomato and cucumber angle grinder).
  • Succulent herbs. These are carrot tops, lettuce, spinach, parsley, lupine, sage, clover, alfalfa, sweet clover, dandelions and plantain.
  • Fruits. Once every 3 days, it is allowed to pamper the pet with apple slices, grapes or strawberries.
  • Cottage cheese and milk. The norm. twice a week in small quantities.
  • Vitamins and minerals. Sources. Specialty supplements containing calcium and ascorbic acid.

Radishes, unripe tomatoes, cabbage, citrus fruits, potatoes, nightshade, sorrel, lily of the valley, geranium and fern are contraindicated for a pregnant female.

Puberty guinea pigs

It is advisable to know at what age a guinea pig can become pregnant in order to be prepared for the unexpected. Females become sexually mature at 7–8 weeks, males at 9–10 weeks. But early pregnancy is dangerous with complications that entail the birth of non-viable offspring and a threat to the life of the female. It is recommended to mate animals at the age of 10-11 months. The first pregnancy should occur in the female no later than one year of age, because over time, the ligaments in the birth canal lose elasticity.

The mating season lasts all year round. Heat in females occurs every 14–17 days and lasts 1–2 days. A favorable time for mating is the first 12 hours. The female expresses her readiness for mating with characteristic behavior: freezes in front of the male, raises her pelvis.

For breeding, only healthy individuals in good physical shape are selected (female weight is at least 700 g). Pets with defects and pathologies are not allowed to reproduce. they are highly likely to give sick or non-viable offspring. If the female does not become pregnant after several attempts, the cause may be infertility.

The female is ready for repeated fertilization immediately after giving birth. Reproduction can only be controlled by living in separate cells, because the pig cannot become pregnant without a male. Frequent mating of animals is not recommended. Two pregnancies per year is the optimal number. Childbirth is exhausting the mumps’ body, so frequent repetition leads to consequences in the form of illness or death. Frequent mating becomes no less dangerous for males. The safe number of cases for them is 2-4 per year.

Feeding your guinea pig during pregnancy

Before mating, during the period of gestation and childbirth, the animal’s diet should be enriched with vitamins and fiber. Food should be nutritious, but easily digestible and low-fat.

Too fatty food during this period can provoke digestive disorders of the female, pathologies in the development of offspring, premature birth.

During this period, both underfeeding and overfeeding of the animal are dangerous.

In the diet of a pregnant animal, there should be more fresh plant food, but the amount of dry food should be reduced.

During the period of gestation and feeding of offspring, the animal should not be given mint, parsley, radish, radish, rosemary and wormwood.

READ  At what age do puppies get their ears cut?

Plants such as are useful for pregnant and lactating pets:

  • dill;
  • nuts and seeds;
  • caraway;
  • crimson leaves and branches;
  • spinach;
  • dandelion leaves;
  • beets, carrots.

Feed the animal in the morning and evening. The female must have access to water at all times.

Proper feeding of your pet will help reduce the likelihood of developing toxicosis.

Before droppings appear in the rodent’s house, you need to change the litter. As it, you can use soft hay or scraps of newspaper, from which the pig will make itself a nest.

A pregnant animal needs a separate cage. The fact that the animal is going to give birth can be determined by its behavior: the female begins to show anxiety, all the time she cleans her fur, builds a nest with special zeal. It can also appear from the feed. The bones of the hip joint of the rodent diverge and the birth canals open. Before giving birth, the animal may be constantly thirsty.

When the pet is healthy and the bearing of the offspring proceeded without complications, childbirth is easy and lasts a maximum of an hour.

During delivery, the rodent sits, and the cubs are born every 4-5 minutes.

The pig itself tears the amniotic membrane and licks the bodies of the pig.

If the animal is inexperienced, then he may need help. During the first birth, the owner can remove the shell himself and rub the baby’s body with a soft, clean cloth.

Guinea pig cubs

The weight of a newly born baby can vary from 50 to 120 grams. Cubs are born with open eyes, teeth formed, and already a few hours after birth, they are able to walk and even run around the cage. This is another distinctive feature of guinea pigs from other rodents. Babies look like an exact miniature copy of adult animals and can even feed on their own, however, without breast milk, the chances of survival are close to zero. Female guinea pigs have only two nipples, so they feed the babies in turn. There is enough milk for the entire offspring. whether it be two or eight cubs. They are good and caring mothers.

On fatty milk, young animals quickly gain weight and already in the first two weeks the baby’s weight doubles. On the third day after birth, the animals begin to taste the food, imitating their mother. At the age of one month, young animals are seated in separate cages.

Guinea pig cubs

The weight of a newly born baby can vary from 50 to 120 grams. Cubs are born with open eyes, teeth formed, and already a few hours after birth, they are able to walk and even run around the cage. This is another distinctive feature of guinea pigs from other rodents. Babies look like an exact miniature copy of adult animals and can even feed on their own, however, without breast milk, the chances of survival are close to zero. Female guinea pigs have only two nipples, so they feed the babies in turn. There is enough milk for the entire offspring. whether it be two or eight cubs. They are good and caring mothers.

On fatty milk, young animals quickly gain weight and already in the first two weeks the baby’s weight doubles. On the third day after birth, the animals begin to taste the food, imitating their mother. At the age of one month, young animals are seated in separate cages.

Puberty guinea pigs

Female guinea pigs are ready to breed at seven to eight weeks of age, but many breeders do not recommend breeding at such an early age. The pig’s body is not yet fully formed and strengthened, so there are frequent cases of the death of the animal during childbirth. Males reach sexual maturity somewhat later. by two months. The first mating is recommended when the female is 11 months old, and the male is a year old. If the conditions are good, then a pair of gilts is ready for breeding throughout the year. females are in heat with an interval of fourteen to seventeen days and lasts two days. However, the most favorable time for conception is the first twelve hours after the onset of estrus. The readiness of the female to cover is easy to determine by her behavior. she begins to pose in front of the male, freezes in place, spreading her paws and raising her rear.

If breeding is planned, then there should be no more than ten females per male.

The whole family can be kept in one cage, providing each female with a separate house for the period of childbirth. However, this method of keeping has a significant disadvantage. the inability to control the frequency of mating and childbirth. Although females are ready for a new conception almost immediately after giving birth, breeders prefer to receive the next offspring no earlier than 5-6 months later. In order to maintain the health of the female and get strong, healthy and viable cubs, each female is recommended to happen no more than twice a year. Males are also quickly depleted if the number of mates is high. This leads not only to infertility, but also to serious diseases, and even death.

How is labor going

Knowing how long the pregnancy in guinea pigs lasts, you can accurately calculate the time when the cubs will be born. At this point, you need to prepare accordingly.

Change the litter first. Finely torn newsprint or soft hay will do. From such material, the female can build a cozy nest in which she will take care of newborn cubs.

Be sure to change the water in the drinker and make sure that there is a decent supply. just before giving birth, the female will drink a lot.

A few hours before giving birth, the guinea pig begins to worry. it does not eat, builds a nest, and the rest of the time sits and cleans the skin.

Gives birth to a rodent sitting. Cubs leave the mother’s womb at intervals of about 4-5 minutes. Usually, the female carefully licks the newborns, removes the amniotic membrane.

Power features

As mentioned above, during pregnancy, guinea pigs have an excellent appetite. a large amount of nutrients is spent on the formation of young, and later on providing them with the required volume of milk.

Accordingly, the diet should be plentiful, varied and satisfying, but at the same time not fatty. The consumption of fatty foods may well provoke premature birth or simply disrupt the development of piglets. It is advisable to increase the amount of vegetables, fruits and dry herbs in the diet, while reducing the amount of dry food.

A pregnant guinea pig should have a lot of vegetables in its diet.

Make sure that no mint, radish, radish, rosemary and parsley get into the feeding trough of a pregnant rodent. But you can give more:

  • dill,
  • raspberry leaf,
  • spinach,
  • young dandelion leaves,
  • beets,
  • caraway,
  • carrots.

From the usual cereals, it is worth leaving oats. If possible, germinate it. It is not difficult to do this (it is enough to rinse with cold water and leave in a damp cloth in a warm, dark place for several days), and the absorption of nutrients will be greatly facilitated.

Mating process

Perhaps the simplest stage, which does not require the owner to intervene. If you notice signs of estrus in a female, transplant a male to her, if you keep them separately. In the case when guinea pigs of both sexes live together, even such help is not needed from the owners. Just provide them with maximum peace. do not peep again, protect from direct sunlight. Can be covered with a light, lightweight cloth, leaving slits for ventilation.

It usually takes several hours to mate. precisely, the process itself takes a matter of minutes or even seconds. But for reliability, it is worth giving a little time for the male to rest and repeat the procedure.

Selection features

In order to get healthy offspring, the choice of parents should be taken very seriously. The selected individuals must meet the following requirements:

  • be moderately well-fed;
  • be distinguished by cheerfulness and mobility;
  • have a beautiful, thick and shiny coat;
  • have pronounced signs of the breed;
  • have no diseases.

It is also not desirable for the female to give birth more than twice a year. Otherwise, its lifespan is sharply reduced, and the offspring becomes weaker. With males, too, not everything is so simple. Overly frequent mating leads to exhaustion and even death.

Puberty

In general, guinea pigs, like other rodents, reach puberty very quickly. Females can give birth to cubs at 7 weeks of age, and males are ready to fertilize by two months. However, breeders do not recommend striving to get offspring at such an early age. the body of young females is not yet sufficiently strong. Therefore, the risk of complications during pregnancy or childbirth is high.

Better to endure up to 10-12 months. the prime of life for guinea pigs. At this age, no complications usually arise, the offspring turns out to be especially strong and numerous.

The main thing here is to choose the right moment for mating. To do this, follow the behavior of the female. she begins to “pose” in front of her chosen one, freeze for a long time, protruding her backside and spread her legs. These are sure signs that she is ready to become a mother.

Pregnancy symptoms

Outwardly, it is quite difficult to notice the signs of pregnancy in a guinea pig, especially in the early stages. But, if you closely monitor the behavior of the rodent, then you can install it quite easily.

First of all, the female’s appetite increases sharply. She pounces on food with greed and can eat three times more than usual. Also, the guinea pig begins to drink much more. Knowing the initial weight of your pet, weighing it regularly and noticing the constantly increasing weight, you can be sure that mating was successful.

However, having recorded all these signs of guinea pig pregnancy, it will not be superfluous to visit the veterinarian. Having listened to your favorite with a stethoscope, he will tell you for sure whether a new life has arisen in her. In 2-3 weeks, a good specialist will give you an unambiguous answer.

How long does pregnancy last?

The next very important question is how long a pregnancy in guinea pigs lasts. Knowing the answer to it, the owner will be able to prepare everything necessary for childbirth so that the female feels as comfortable and cozy as possible.

Alas, here it is problematic to answer unequivocally. After all, there are a large number of guinea pig breeds. Also, each female may have certain characteristics. Therefore, the minimum duration of a healthy pregnancy is 60 days, and the maximum is 70.

Throughout this time, certain rules for caring for a pregnant guinea pig must be observed:

  • do not pick her up unless absolutely necessary;
  • do not move the cage from one place to another, and also do not arrange “redevelopment” by changing places of the house, drinker and feeder;
  • keep cleaning to a minimum.

Even if before the rodent loved to rest in the hands of the owner, now the usual procedure can cause a completely undesirable result.

What you need to know about pregnancy in guinea pigs

Almost every person who has a guinea pig, over time, the question arises. why not try to get offspring? But this is a rather difficult stage in the life of a pet, requiring attention and some experience. You need to know the gestational age of guinea pigs, the features of care and feeding, and much more. Only in this case can we hope to get healthy offspring and not endanger the life of the pet.

FUNDAYUNA.COM 2021