How to master the command?
When your pet commits any unwanted action, strictly say “Fu!”. As soon as he stops doing what he is forbidden to do, immediately praise him and encourage him with a treat. Thanks to this positive reinforcement, the dog quickly learns what actions the owner is dissatisfied with, and continues to behave obediently.
If you only command the puppy menacingly “Ugh!” nor will you praise him for every correct behavior, you will not achieve the desired result.
Dogs all the time “study” people and try to understand what the owner wants from them. By their actions, they seem to probe the ground and reflect: “I was praised for gnawing the ball, which means that I did the right thing. And when he tried to bite the leg of the chair, the owner was unhappy and said “Fu!” In a stern voice. So, chewing on furniture is bad. “
As you can see, a dog’s thinking is similar to that of a child. Therefore, in the first months of life, it is important for a puppy to show what is good and what is bad. Then you will be able to avoid such troubles as gnawed shoes, “eaten” sofa or carpet, overturned pots with plants, etc.
By the way, the dog often arranges a mess in the house, not only because it does not know the basic commands, but because it is not often walked with in the street and does not pay attention to it at all at home. But this is already a topic for a separate article.
How to teach your puppy commands?
Before you start teaching a small pet basic commands, from the first days of being in the house, the puppy needs to be accustomed to the nickname. To do this, draw the dog’s attention with a toy or a treat, then say his name, and as soon as the dog runs up to you, praise and encourage what you hold in your hands. So the nickname will evoke positive emotions in the puppy.
Then repeat this exercise several times, but gradually increase the distance from which you will call the pet, and give the treat every other time, and then even less often.
basic commands. How to teach your puppy commands?
Have you recently adopted a dog and want it to grow up well-mannered and obedient? Train your puppy in these commands and your four-legged friend will behave well both at home and outdoors.
Dogs can easily master this command, so it can be learned quite early. at 2-3 months. Take a small piece of treat in your right hand and bring it to the puppy’s nose to smell the delicious food.
Now move your hand away from you and up. so that it is physiologically comfortable for the dog to reach the treat in a sitting position, and say “Sit”. As soon as the puppy is in the right position. say “good” and give him a treat.
Do another 4-5 repetitions, and the next day, remember this exercise again to consolidate the command. Over time, give the treat less and less, as an encouragement, leave only verbal praise and stroking.
The command “Lie down!”
Once the puppy has mastered the Sit command well, it is quite easy to teach him to lie down at your request. First, sit the dog in front of you, and then, in the same way, bring your hand with a treat to its nose, make a movement downward and slightly towards yourself so that the dog’s muzzle reaches for the coveted piece of food, and clearly command “Lie down!” If the dog does not want to lie down, you can apply light pressure on the withers.
As soon as the dog lies down, praise him, stroke him and treat him with a treat. Repeat the exercise 5-7 times daily. and after a few weeks your pet will lie down on the first command.
You’ll probably assume that the next command you learn is “Stop!”. Indeed, after planting and laying it is logical to train the dog to stand, but this is not necessary. The fact is that the command “Stand” is a little more difficult for pets to learn than “Sit” and “Lie down”, therefore, if your puppy is not very trainable, it is better to teach him this skill later. at 6-7 months. At an earlier age, it will be much more interesting for the dog to learn how to bring various objects.
Team “Come to me!”
This is one of the most important commands that can even save your dog’s life. than once I have heard sad stories about how pets died under the wheels of cars because they did not react to the owner’s desperate command and ran across the road when they saw another dog on the opposite side.
Often, people who first bought a puppy do not let him off the leash on the street, because they are afraid not to catch him when the time comes to return home. Indeed, many puppies, especially choleric ones, do not have time to waste their energy even on an hour’s walk, so they are in no hurry to approach the owner.
Dogs are smart (and some are also cunning) animals: they understand that after the command “Come to me!” return home will follow. Your task is to outwit the puppy and not take him away from the walk right away, but after the command, let him go for a walk again. So you can dispel the “dog stereotype”
How to master the command?
A puppy in 3-4 months is quite capable of learning the command “Come to me!” As soon as the puppy runs up to you, praise him with the word “Good” and encourage him with a piece of tasty food or let him play with your favorite ball.
As with any other command, over time complicate the conditions: call the dog in busy places where there are various stimuli (strangers, animals, sounds and movement)
How to train a dog to approach the owner on the first command “Come to me!” we wrote here.
As soon as a puppy arrives at your home, he must learn certain rules: what can and cannot be done. If you do not want the dog to climb on the sofa, explain it to him with a forbidding command. It can sound like “Fu!”, “You can’t!”, “No!” and so on.
The word that is intended to stop any action can be anything. The main thing is to adhere to uniformity, and not say different words each time. Although many dogs learn synonymous commands well, it will be difficult for a puppy to do this.
Teaching the dog the command “Place!
For teaching the dog the command “Place! you will need an object or thing to indicate a place, a gesture (an outstretched hand in the direction of the place), a leash and a treat. Before teaching the puppy the command “Place!” he must master the commands “Lie!”, “Come to me!”, “Sit!”, “Stand!”.
In the process of training your dog to the command “Place!”, Constantly call its nickname and, as soon as the puppy reacts to it, quickly command it. Get the command done, be sure to reward the puppy with a treat, stroking and exclaiming “Good!”.
How to train a dog to command “Place!”: Practicing a skill
Practicing the skill of the command “Place!” continues as the dog grows older. Practice the technique on the street, after your pet has firmly mastered the skills of approach by the command “Come to me!”, Landing by the command “Sit!” and laying on the command “Lie down!” Put a collar on the dog, put it on the command “Sit!”, Put in front of the dog a familiar object (glove, cap, rolled up long leash, jacket, small bag or backpack).
Command alternately “Lie down!”, Then “Stand!”, “Sit!”, And then reward for the correct actions with a treat, stroking and exclaiming “Good!”. Repeat the command “Sit!” and slowly walk a few steps away from the dog. Put the dog down on the command “Lie!”, Put on the command “Stand!”, Sit down again, commanding “Sit!”, Then call up the command “Come to me!”. After the approach, reward the dog with a treat, stroking and exclaiming “Good!”, Then sit next to you with the command “Sit!”.
After a short exposure, fasten a short leash to the collar, take a treat in your hand and show with a gesture at the object, at the same time giving the command “Place!”, And then take the dog to this object, forcing the dog to move quickly (with light jerks of the leash and showing the treat).
If, when moving into place, the dog moves to the side, walks sluggishly or slowly, repeat the command “Place!” more strictly and make several jerks with the leash towards the subject. Place the dog near the object with the command “Sit, place!” or put “Lie!”, “Place!” and reward for the correct execution of the command with a treat, stroking and exclamation “Good!”. Then step back a few steps from the dog again. Call him up with the command “Come to me!” and repeat the above steps, but when the dog moves into place, lag behind a little, allowing the pet to walk on its own. If the dog has moved away from the object, return it back, while repeating the command “Place!”.
Later, after giving the command “Place!” and gesture, stay standing and approach the dog to reward only after he sits down or lies near the object. Gradually increase the distance from the object to 5-10 m.
At the end of the training, the dog must, at the first command and gesture, quickly take its place indicated by an object, lie down next to it and wait for the next command.
How to teach a dog (puppy) the command “Place!
When communicating with a dog on a daily basis, situations often arise when you are busy with something (cleaning the apartment, working on the backyard), and the dog is spinning around and interfering. And this happens because the command “Place!” for a dog. an empty phrase. This should not be. your fourth friend must, at your request, go to the aviary or any territory designated by the owner on the street at the command “Place!” This command will increase the discipline of the dog.
Below you will learn how to teach your dog the command “Place!” and avoid possible mistakes during training.
The command “Place!” for a dog: mistakes
In the process of teaching the command “Place!” the following errors are possible:
- you start learning when there are strong distractions;
- hurting your dog with jerks of the leash;
- use as a designation of a place an object that makes the dog want to grab it (a sorting object, a toy, etc.);
- lay or sit the dog from the object further 2 m;
- give a command too loudly;
- being rude to a dog.
Methods of teaching a dog the command “Sit!
In the process of teaching the dog the command “Sit!” conditioned and unconditioned stimuli are used. The first includes a verbal command-command and gesture, the second. mechanical and food stimuli. Mechanical stimulation is manifested in stroking, pressing on the lower back of the animal with the palm of the hand, pulling with a leash of varying strength; food. in incentive treats with various types of delicacies.
You can teach your dog to sit with food alone, or with mechanical stress alone. A combined method of teaching is also practiced, it is called contrasting. Each option has its own pros and cons.
Learning solely with the help of treats increases the activity of the animal and develops in him positive emotions, which are subsequently associated with the execution of this command. In most cases, it is difficult to do without this technique at the initial stages of training.
Sitting down the pet only with the help of mechanical action reinforces its submission, develops the ability to execute a command without tasty encouragement. By the way, in some cases it may not interest the animal. This situation happens, for example, when a trained dog reacts too emotionally to fellow tribesmen during group lessons or is distracted by extraneous stimuli.
Teaching the command “Sit!” with the help of a combined (contrast) effect, it will develop in your pet the readiness to obey without fear and resistance. Experts believe that the skill formed on the basis of the contrast method is the most persistent.
How To Teach A Dog To Sit
Dogs of different breeds react differently to the application of the Sit! Command teaching methods to them. So, for example, active and fidgety Giant Schnauzers or Dobermans resist when they try to apply mechanical force to them with their hands, pressing on the sacrum. And calm and good-natured Newfoundlands, Bernese Mountain Dogs, St. Bernards are completely indifferent to such an action. The dog’s reaction to mechanical stress also depends on its muscle tone. The pliable, “soft” dogs include, for example, the Golden Retriever, the strained dogs include Dobermans and Ridgebacks.
Many pets are very greedy for treats, often such dogs are called food workers. They easily execute the command “Sit!” in the hope of getting the coveted treat. The main thing is not to let them snatch the tidbit prematurely. The gustatory technique is very effective when training puppies and overly vicious dogs. However, some animals are rather indifferent to encouraging goodies, for them the best reward is the praise of the owner.
How to teach a dog the command “Sit!
Teaching the dog the command “Sit!” occurs in stages and in different conditions. His goal is to ensure that the dog unquestioningly obeys the order at home and on the street, next to the owner and at a distance, on a leash and in free jogging.
Call the puppy by calling his name. The dog should come up and stand at your left foot. Bring your right palm, in which you will hold the tasty food, to his face, let him sniff the incentive prize. Then, confidently commanding “Sit!”, Slowly raise your hand up, so that the treat is above the baby’s head, slightly behind. Without taking his eyes off the seductive object and trying to get close to it, the puppy will most likely pull his head up and sit down.
If the dog takes more active steps in the hope of getting closer to your palm, hold it by the collar, not allowing it to bounce. Get him to look up and sit down. As soon as the dog sits down, even unevenly and uncertainly, encourage him with the words. “Good!”, “Well done!”, Stroke and give out a delicious prize. Taking short pauses, duplicate the lesson 3-4 times.
After your pet has developed the rudimentary skills of executing the command “Sit!” within the walls of the house, you can safely start working out the team on the street. Find a quiet corner where your puppy can be distracted.
As soon as your four-legged friend turns 6-8 months old, you should start practicing the command “Sit!” on a short leash. Positioning the dog at the left leg and turning half-turned to him, hold the leash with your right hand 15 cm from the collar. Your left palm should be on the lower back of the animal, touching the sacrum, with your thumb pointing towards you. Having ordered the dog to sit, press with your left palm on the lower back, while pulling the leash up and slightly back with your right hand. Having achieved the desired result from your pet, cheer him up with the words “Good!”, “Well done!” The lesson is repeated 3-4 times, making approximately five-minute pauses.
Having consolidated the passed stage of teaching the pet to the command “Sit!”, Start practicing this skill at a distance of several steps. Place the dog in front of you 2-2.5 meters, keeping it on a leash. Attracting the attention of the animal, call him and command: “Sit!”. As soon as the dog flawlessly fulfills the command, as in the previous stages of training, encourage him verbally, treat him with tasty treats, pet. Repeat the lesson 3-4 times at short intervals.
If your pet ignores the command “Sit!” at a distance, duplicate the order with emphasis strictly. If this also does not take effect, approach the pet, again sternly tell him to sit down, press on the lower back with your left hand, pull the leash up and slightly back with your right hand, forcing the rebel to obey. Again move the same distance, turn to the negligent student and repeat the command.
The dog should sit for 5-7 seconds. After their expiration, you need to approach him or call him over to you, encourage him, then let him go, commanding: “Take a walk!”. If he jumps up earlier than the specified time and rushes to you without permission, immediately deliver him on a leash to his starting place and duplicate the exercise.
After the dog masterfully masters the command “Sit!”, Being located at a distance of up to three meters from you, the distance should be increased by lowering the pet from the leash. In the process of training, when sitting down the dog, you should systematically change the distance separating you. However, no matter how far the dog is from you, you need to approach him every time after showing him a good result, and encourage him with a word, caress or treat. This is extremely important so that the dog does not lose a sense of the significance of the command given to it, depending on whether it is in close proximity to you or at a distance.
At what age to train a dog to the command “Sit!
The command “Sit!” the puppy may well begin to master when it crosses the 3-month age limit. Usually at this tender age, well-bred dogs are already familiar with the commands “Come to me!”, “Place!”, “Near!”, “Lie down!”.
The purpose of the puppy‘s primary mastering of the command “Sit!” it is not that he learns to execute a command immediately and expertly. In childhood, the dog just has to learn how to properly respond to the owner’s request. Over time, the acquired skill will also be fixed.
Puppies are trained using food. When learning a lesson with the dog, you can slightly hold it by the collar. Mechanical influences (palm presses, pulling the leash, jerking with the leash) are applicable only to an animal that has already become physically stronger. Training according to strict rules is carried out after the dog is six months old.
Teaching the command “Sit!” by gesture
After the dog acquires the initial skills in the execution of the command “Sit!” Given by the voice, it is advisable to proceed to reinforce the order with a gesture. The dog should be located opposite the owner about two steps away. In advance, you should turn the collar with a leash down with a carabiner. Hold the leash in your left hand and pull it slightly. Swiftly move aside the right arm bent at the elbow, lift it up, open your palm, and command: “Sit!” A well-executed team will, of course, require a traditional award.
The gesture used during landing can be not only the palm raised up, but also the finger. In this case, the delicacy is held with the thumb and middle fingers, while pointing the index finger up.
In the future, you should sit down the pet, synchronously using a verbal command and gesture. However, commands that periodically duplicate each other must be separated, that is, the order must be given only by word or only by gesture.
According to the standard, a skill can be characterized as developed if the dog instantly, without hesitation, sits down from various positions at the first command and gesture of the owner, being 15 meters away from him. She must remain in this position for at least 15 seconds.
How to teach a dog the command “Sit!
Sit! Command refers to the basic in the general course of dog training. Her working off is not, of course, aimed at teaching the dog to sit, he is perfectly able to do this without any lessons. First of all, teaching this command forms in the animal such qualities as endurance, obedience, attentiveness, discipline. The ability of a dog to sit down on demand is useful if the owner needs to especially carefully monitor its behavior. Also the command “Sit!” used to calm the pet, prepare it for the execution of subsequent, more complex orders.
Dog handlers tips
When choosing a site for outdoor activities, make sure that it is clean around, there are no objects that could injure the dog. Do not force your pet to sit on dirty, wet or even damp ground.
The command “Sit!” serve in a commanding tone, but calmly. When a repeated request to execute an unexecuted command, the tone should be changed to a raised, more insistent tone. However, avoid scandalous notes or shades of threat in your voice. Encouraging words should contain affectionate notes.
As the dog more confidently performs the command “Sit!” the number of treats as a reward should be reduced. Praise the dog, stroking him for an impeccably executed command should always be.
Each execution of the command “Sit!” must end with encouragement and giving another command, the dog is not allowed to jump up arbitrarily. After the dog has completed the command “Sit!” and the subsequent praise, pause for 5 seconds and give another command, for example, “Lie down!” or “Stop!”.
We complicate the “Sit” command and bring it to the standard
Usually a couple of repetitions are enough for the pet to begin to sit down without mechanical impact from you. As soon as it was possible to teach the puppy to the command “Sit”, it is necessary to increase the intervals between the execution of the command and the reward, bringing it gradually to 5 seconds (if you are working with the puppy, then you do not need a longer exposure at the moment). If the dog jumps up before giving the treat, repeat the command again and sit down. When the dog begins to sit down on command and patiently wait for treats for 5 seconds, your hands will be free and you can begin to accompany the voice command with a gesture. The gesture for the command “Sit” is the right hand raised to the level of the ear, palm forward.
Simultaneously with the introduction of the gesture, increase the command sending distance up to 2-3 meters and the shutter speed up to 7-8 seconds. Do not forget, the puppy should never get up by himself, let him go with the command “Walk”.
Give the command “Sit” 4-5 times each walk. Sometimes, after giving a command, start stroking the puppy or pretend to examine the collar. This is to show the dog that you are forcing him to sit down for a reason. After completing the inspection, give the treat and release the dog with the “Walk” command. Be sure to give the “Sit” command before serving the food bowl. Get the puppy to sit down, put the bowl down (don’t let him jump up) and let him start eating by commanding “Yes.”.
When your pet is 4 months old and it will accurately execute the “Sit” command at a short distance, start gradually increasing the distance and exposure. It is advisable to reach the standard indicators by 8 months. the execution of the command from the first serve, from a distance of up to 15 meters, with a shutter speed of up to 15 seconds. However, in the process of training, do not stop sitting the pet for short distances of 2-5 meters. If you are working with the dog at the maximum distance, then you should not shout from the other end of the field, releasing the command “Walk”. Approach the pet yourself, encourage it and then release it.
Teaching Your Dog to Sit Command
After acquiring a pet, the first thing most owners ask themselves is how to teach the dog the Sit command? Usually puppy training for this command begins at the age of 3 months. The command “Sit” is worked out in a contrasting method, that is, both compulsion and encouragement are important. The pressure of the hand on the sacrum of the dog is used as compulsion, praise and delicacy are used as an encouragement.
You can train the dog to sit command both at home and on the street. The main thing is that the place is calm (the dog should not be distracted by extraneous sounds) and clean (you yourself understand, to sit in the mud, few people will like it).
Walk up to the dog and, if you need to get attention, call it by name. Then say “Sit!” and sit the dog down by gently pressing on his sacrum (butt) and placing a hand with a tasty morsel over his head. When the pet sits down, encourage it and, after a few seconds, release it by giving the command “Walk”. Repeat the exercise several times at intervals of 3-5 minutes.
If the dog is on a leash, then you can, while seating it, put pressure on its bottom with one hand, and pull the leash back and up a little with the other. Usually a leash is useful when you need to teach the Sit command to an adult dog that has not been trained at a young age and is not familiar with the discipline. If you have a puppy, it is better to practice the command without a leash.
Execution of the command “Sit” in a difficult environment
Even if your dog does a good job in a quiet environment, you should start over, gradually increasing distance and endurance. It is desirable to achieve a clear fulfillment of the command according to the standard and in a difficult environment by the age of 9-10 months. The dog must perform the “Sit” command several times a day throughout its life.
At what age can you train a puppy??
Many dog breeders have a question about at what age the dog is able to perceive commands and clearly fulfill the requirements. Some postpone this process until a later period, others try to teach the puppy various commands almost from a month old.
Cynologists say that it is best to start the process of teaching the Sit command no later than three months of age.
At this time, the puppy is already quite capable of assimilating and fulfilling the requirements.
It is worth noting that many dog breeders start training much earlier. And this brings positive results. By the time of the onset of strict training, the dog already understands what they want from it and how to react. However, do not forget that until the age of 3 months, the entire training process must take place in a playful way. This will help develop your puppy’s interest and love for the activity. If you act aggressively, then the dog will have a negative idea of all activities, and the process will go much slower and more difficult.
Puppies are taught new commands using food. This is the most effective and pleasant way for them at this age. The mechanical effect is better left for later periods, when the dog’s priority will be the praise of the owner.
How to teach with feed
This method is suitable for both puppies and adult dogs. Its main advantage is that the trainer does not touch the dog when training and practicing new skills.
In order for the dog to more readily follow commands and wait for a well-deserved reward, you should not feed him before the start of the lesson. It is best if the last meal is 5-7 hours (depending on breed and age) before training.
So, here are the main steps for conducting a lesson.
- First, call the dog over to you. This should be done in a calm, confident tone. You should not hear notes of aggression and irritation in it, but it is better to avoid special delight and joy in intonations.
- When the puppy approaches your call, stand so that it is near your left leg.
- Clench the treat in a fist and bring it to the pet’s nose. At the same time, all attempts to snatch it out of your hands must be stopped.
- Holding your hand with the treat above the dog’s head, gently wind it behind the head. She will invariably follow your movement and draw her head. When the hand is far away, it will need to sit down in order not to lose sight of the food. This is the main goal of this exercise. At the same time, when you start to move your hand behind the withers of the dog, calmly and confidently repeat the command several times. When the goal is achieved, treat the pet with a hidden treat. You should also praise him. For many dogs, the owner’s approval means much more than even the most beloved treat.
- To consolidate the result, repeat the command several times. In the future, gradually train your dog to do it without your participation (the hand must remain motionless). Reinforcing the skill will take time, but all efforts will be rewarded in the future. After all, having mastered and honed this command, you will be sure that under any conditions and external stimuli, the dog will unquestioningly carry it out.
How to teach a dog to sit command?
Sit! Command is included in any basic dog training course. It seems that it makes no sense to teach a dog what it already knows how to do by nature. But the significance of this skill is very great. The team develops in the pet such important qualities as obedience, endurance and attentiveness. On the other hand, this can greatly facilitate life and the owner, when it will be necessary to quickly calm down the playing dog.
In this case, the owner literally shows the dog what is required of him. Many people are afraid or do not accept this technique, thinking that in the future, without physical contact, the dog will not follow this or that command. This is not true. It is important to approach learning competently.
Physical impact or contact is allowed only at the time of training the dog. But you don’t have to repeat this action over and over again. If you accompany the pressing on the dog’s lower back with a command, after several trainings he should understand what is required of him.
In the future, the command will be given only by voice.
Call the dog to you. It is important that he is calm and not distracted by other objects. Make eye contact with your pet and say the command calmly but clearly. While doing this, press on the lower back with your hand. Feeling this pressure, the dog will take the desired position. Praise your pet by saying encouraging words of support “Well done!” “Good girl”, “Good”.
You can also come up with your own praise clichés. At the same time, you should not select new epithets every time. 2-3 standard words will be enough. So the dog will better understand that he did everything right and the owner is satisfied with his work.
To wean the dog from physical contact when executing a command, gradually loosen the pressure. Later, a simple touch will suffice. But this is not the end goal either. The standard gesture for the “sit” command is the palm raised up. Therefore, in training, achieve just such a result. The dog has already memorized the command and clearly knows what it needs to do. But sometimes it can wait for your touch. In this case, once again clearly and more strictly repeat “Sit!”, And wait for the dog to complete the task.
In the next steps, you can teach the dog to sit exactly at the left leg or follow the command according to the gesture of your hand.
Therefore, you should not stop only at the initial stage, when the dog has mastered the skill of sitting down when you press your hand.
When training, novice dog breeders often make mistakes. Subsequently, this can nullify all your efforts, or the desired result will not be achieved.
- Do not feed the treat immediately after the dog is sitting. In this position, she should sit for at least 5-7 seconds. In the future, this time can be increased.
- The command “Sit” serves as a signal to start an action. But do not forget that a conditional signal is also required to complete the exercise. It could be praise or some other sign. This will ensure that after the order to “sit” the dog will remain in place even if you step aside.
- The command should be given in an even calm voice. Do not use raised tones, screams, aggressive or harsh notes.
- Train your dog to give the command once. After pronouncing it, wait for the execution. Repeated repetition will lead to the fact that in the future the dog will not pay attention to her and wait until you sit him down.
- With physical impact, the dog should not feel pain. In other words, your movements should be well coordinated, confident, but not uncomfortable for your pet. It will be perceived as an element of violence, not learning new things.
- Dogs love to learn new things. Therefore, do not stop at the simplest command execution. Complicate the task. To do this, you can train the dog to execute a command at a distance, by gesture, with a slight pull on the leash. Also get the dog to sit in the right position for the amount of time you need.
- Regular training. It is foolish to expect a positive result if you yourself do not devote enough time to the learning process. over, one lesson should not last long. But systematicity is of great importance.
There are two main ways to teach your dog to sit at home. It is mechanical and powered by feed. In the first case, the owner himself shows the pet what he wants to achieve from him. By pressing on the lower back, he forces the dog into a sitting position.
In the second case, only a voice command or a hand gesture is used. The generally accepted gesture is an arm bent at the elbow, pointing up, with an open palm. It may seem that the second method is more complicated.
But it is worth considering the fact that the dog always receives a reward in the form of a treat, and therefore gladly obeys the owner’s request.
Both the first and the second method have their pros and cons. In addition, in many ways, the method of training depends on the temperament and breed of the dog. If both one and the other option can be applied to Labradors, then in training the Doberman it is better to use the option with complementary foods, since these dogs react negatively to physical impact.
There is also a third (combined) way of teaching a team. This is when the trainer himself seats the dog in the desired position by pressing on the sacrum, but at the same time does not forget to give sweets after execution. This option is often used in the early stages of training.
Sometimes even those dogs who already know a given command refuse to follow it. The reason for this may be active play with other animals, interest in a new place or object. You must ensure that the pet clearly follows your voice commands, even when at a distance from you. In this case, you can also resort to various methods.
For example, if you trained the dog with food, but at a distance he does not obey, you can approach the dog and again strictly pronounce the requirement. A strongly played dog can be calmed and seated with the palm of your hand.
Movements should be clear, confident, but not painful to the dog.
The training should take place in a comfortable environment. If you practice outdoors, make sure the ground is dry. It is unacceptable to sit your pet on mud, puddles or just wet ground.
With any method of training, it is worth reducing external influences (or the amount of delicacies). As a result, the dog must learn to follow the command without expecting food from you or pressing on its back. But praise should not be canceled.
It is important for your pet to hear and see your approval. This will stimulate him in the future.
It is best to start training at an early age. But an adult dog can also be trained in the necessary commands. Only this will take more patience and time. But absolutely all dogs are trainable. The main thing is your desire and persistence.
See below for tips on teaching your dog the Sit command.
How to teach a puppy the command “place
This command learns only after a good mastering of the “lie down” command. The principle of this training is also quite simple and how to teach a puppy to command a place is well shown in the video below (see to the end). With the help of a treat, we lure the baby into his place, show him “to lie down, place” and, as a puppy lays down, we give a treat. Then we remove the word “lie” and show only “place”. Over time, the dog will remember well what a place is.
Other interesting and useful information on the Dai Lapu website:
- Beautiful nicknames for girls’ dogs (German, Russian, with meaning);
- Yorkshire Terrier photo and description of the breed (in the video below it is York);
- Reviews about Eukanuba food for puppies (review of the composition of the food).
How to teach a puppy to sit command
One of the easiest dogs for a puppy is the “sit” command. How to teach a puppy to command to sit: when the baby gets hungry, we take a treat and show that it is in our hand, give it a sniff. We raise the treat above the pet so that he sees, but does not reach it, and several times clearly show the command to “sit”. Probably at first the puppy will jump and spin in an attempt to get food, but then it will calm down and sit down, because it will be more convenient to look at the food raised above its head.
As the baby sits down and sits quietly, we praise him and give him a treat. If the puppy is too active and you can’t wait for him to calm down, you should first play with him so that he gets a little tired. If this does not help, we put on the leash and step on it (the leash, of course) so that the dog cannot jump. If he still doesn’t sit, you can help him easily by pressing on his back near the tail. In this case, be sure to repeat the command to sit.
How to teach a puppy the command “to me
The first command that every dog must follow is “to me”. Therefore, the first thing we train the baby to do is to do it. How to teach a puppy to command me? Quite simply: we call the pet by its nickname and, in conjunction with it, do not say the command. For example, “Barsik, come to me!”. First, lure the kid with a treat, and when he follows the command, be sure to praise (say “well done” or “good”). In addition, it is always interesting for the puppy to play, and this factor can be used in addition to feeding. Read more in
How to teach a puppy commands: sit, place, next to, you can’t, let
The question of where to start training a puppy is asked by every novice dog breeder, and it is necessary to start with preparation. Dogs are very intelligent animals, so even at a young age they can be trained (and even better than adults). But in order to teach the kid about commands, you need to use a special method of encouragement. when the pet correctly fulfilled the command, he is given a treat. Therefore, for training we need a treat (you can use dry food granules), a collar, and a puppy that has not yet been fed.
By the way, the site “Dai Lapu” has already told how to feed the puppy, and as a treat it is better to use only good (not harmful) super premium dog food or holistic dog food. For example, Eukanuba dry food for puppies is perfect. And yet, if you do not know at what age to start training, you can already from two months.
How to teach a puppy to lie down
Having taught the puppy the commands “to me” and “sit”, you can proceed to the next stage of training. How to teach a puppy to lie down is well explained in the video below. We call the baby to us, show that there is a delicacy in his hand, lower his hand to the ground and show him to “lie down”. the puppy will reach for it and lie down. If not, you need to slightly press down on his withers (while saying “lie down”) and hold. so as not to get up.
When the baby lies down, we immediately praise him and give him a treat. As soon as the puppy learns to lie down on the command “to lie down”, the time between the execution of the command and the giving of the treat should be gradually increased. Thus, endurance will be trained. It is more difficult for this team to train an adult dog, because if it is a large breed, it will be much more difficult to lay it down. Therefore, to begin with, the site “Give Lapu” wrote exactly about how to teach a puppy commands, and not an adult dog.
Sit command training
Teaching your puppy this command requires a leash and a treat. First, the owner should be allowed to sniff a piece of something tasty, and then raise the treat so that the dog stands up a little. Next, you need to direct the movement towards the tail. As soon as the dog sits down, give it a treat and praise it. Of course, all this time you need to say the word “sit”. Puppies do not immediately understand what the owner wants from them, so patience is indispensable here.
What is needed for training?
Firstly, the owner must not forget a soft collar, leash, a couple of toys and, of course, goodies. The following can be used as treats:
- small pieces of meat (boiled breast);
- a handful of dry food;
In general, you can use whatever the puppy loves. This is an individual matter. But you need to be careful with sweets. dogs are not allowed sweets and other confectionery. Also, you can not reward the dog with mushrooms, potatoes, fish, bones. This should not be given to dogs at all, either during training or at home. Therefore, it is optimal to take home dry food for training. However, if the dog eats only it, then in training it will not serve as a treat for it. It is better for the owner to take what the dog rarely eats.
Where is it better to teach a puppy to commands?
For training, you need to choose a quiet, preferably deserted place. You should not bring your dog to places where cars often drive or where it is noisy. This is very distracting, distracting and frightening for the dog. And during training, the pet needs to concentrate as much as possible on the execution of commands. If the puppy is distracted by extraneous voices and sounds, the effectiveness of training will noticeably decrease. It would be nice to train your puppy outdoors, for example, somewhere in the forest. But the owner needs to be careful, because in the summer ticks are activated, which means that the dog’s coat needs to be carefully examined.
How to Train Your Puppy to Command?
To teach a puppy to commands, you need to train in a timely manner, then the efficiency will be at a high level. So when can you start training? Cynologists recommend teaching a puppy to teams from the age of 4 months. It is advisable to complete the course by six months. It is this period that is most fruitful for training. If you start later, the dog will probably not give in to training. Although in such cases, the pet is handed over to the dog handlers, and they are already correcting the situation.
“Give your paw!
A classic and well-known team. For her training:
- by the command “Sit!” plant a puppy;
- take a treat in your hand and show it to your pet, and then clench your fist;
- bring a fist with a treat to the puppy so that he sniffs it;
- keep your hand at an outstretched paw;
- wait for the moment when the dog starts trying to get the treat out of his fist with his paw and say “Give your paw!”;
- repeat the exercise several times.
If, before trying to get a treat with his paw, the puppy tries to do it with his mouth, do not scold him, but simply do not react in any way.
Another equally common command, designed to educate self-control and calm the pet. In the learning process:
- attach a short leash to your pet’s collar;
- offer a treat and the puppy will intuitively raise its head up;
- keeping the dog from jumping with the help of a short leash, pronounce the nickname and the command “Sit!”;
- at first the pet will be stubborn, so while holding it on a short leash, slightly press down on the croup.
After the dog sits down, you need to treat and praise it.
The command “Near!” needed during a walk, if the puppy begins to behave badly, to climb to others. For training:
- while walking, bring the puppy to the left leg and hold it with a leash;
- as soon as the puppy tries to step aside pull the leash and firmly say “Near!”;
- repeat the command every 5-10 minutes during the walk. The dog will quickly remember that “Near!”. it means just to walk next to the owner and not go anywhere.
The same as in the case of the “Fu!”. in no case should the dog be hurt by special means or punished. A sharp pull on the collar is enough.
This command is taught to the puppy after it has learned to sit. Before doing it, you should also stock up on a treat and attach a short leash to the collar. Learning process:
- to plant the puppy using the “Sit!” command;
- put a treat next to the pet’s paws and slightly push it forward, holding the pet with a leash from following him or simply tilting his head and eating;
- constantly repeat “Lie down!”;
- if the puppy is stubborn, then you can slightly press on the withers and move the front paws forward, as in the supine position;
- after the puppy lies down, it must be held for 10-15 seconds, repeating the command aloud and only then encouraged with a treat.
The dog should be in the correct recumbency position, and not topple over on its side. If done incorrectly, the owner turns it over and only then rewards.
Top 9 Teams Every Puppy Should Know!
Buying a puppy is a responsible and important step. Among other things, the dog must be walked daily, at least twice, it needs education. And this is not only good behavior, but also knowledge of the teams. The owner can contact the dog handler, or he can train the puppy on his own.
How to Teach your Puppy to Sit and Stay
- “To me!”
- “Lie down!”
- “Give your paw!”
- “A place!”
Command “Voice!” can be useful in different situations and is one of the basic ones. For training, you need to make a little observation and find out what objects the puppy reacts to by barking, and use them in training. Often these are favorite toys. Further, in the learning process:
- fasten a leash to the collar;
- step on it so that the pet cannot jump or leave;
- use the selected object as a stimulus;
- as soon as the dog reacts to the shown object, give the command “Voice!”, and then remove the stimulus;
- repeat the exercise again, constantly saying “Voice!”.
If there is no stimulus or the dog does not react, then you can try differently:
- attach a short leash and step on it;
- raise the treat over the puppy’s head;
- when he begins to bark repeat the exclamation “Voice!”, praise and treat.
It is difficult for the puppy to hear the owner behind its own barking, so the command should be repeated loudly and clearly. Also, choose a place where the noise will not disturb others.
An elementary command that every puppy should know. It can come in handy on the street so that he does not grab anything from the ground or when he starts to misbehave. The easiest and surest way to teach the “Fu!” Command:
How to Train a Dog to “Sit” (K9-1.com)
- during a walk, when the dog is on a leash, and begins to behave badly or to climb where it should not. you need to pull up the leash and sharply say “Fu!”;
- in order for the puppy to remember the command throughout the walk, it is necessary to use it several times, but with an interval of 10-15 minutes. You can prepare a route in advance and lay out some delicacies along it, and while walking, walk next to them and when the dog reaches for them. pull it up. You can also ask a familiar person to come up during a walk and try to treat the dog, and when she reaches out to him, repeat the command and pull.
Team “Fu!” performed unquestioningly, therefore the voice and tone of the owner at this moment should be strict and loud.
Under no circumstances should electric or spike collars be used. they will only injure the animal.
Team “Come to me!”. this is the owner’s call to the pet and a request to come up and stand next to him. The puppy must recognize the voice and respond to the owner’s exclamation. Learning this skill is not a difficult task:
- you need to prepare a treat;
- take a treat in your hands and stand or sit not far from the puppy;
- luring the pet with the aroma of delicacies to repeat his nickname and the words “Come to me!”;
- if the puppy is not suitable, you need to interest him (hide or lure with a toy);
- repeat training until the dog approaches on command without being tempted by a toy or treat.
Also, every time you take a friend out for a walk, after putting on a leash, pronounce his nickname with the words “Come to me!” and then go out.
They are a friendly team and should be taught in a good mood.
- a treat is placed on the puppy’s bed;
- patting the litter, they call the pet by repeating the nickname and exclamation “Place!”;
- treat the puppy only after it has completely taken up space on the bed.
You should not use this command as a punishment. only pleasant emotions should be associated with the bed.
This is a serious team that requires attention and caution in the learning process:
- in the process of preparation, they choose a special protective ammunition that the dog cannot bite through;
- also, choose an object as the stimulus to which the puppy reacts;
- the assistant is dressed in special protective clothing;
- the assistant, using the stimulus, lures the puppy to himself, and the owner, holding him on a short leash, then calms him down with the help of the commands “Near!”, “Sit!” or “Fu!”, then slightly lowers the leash and repeats the command “Fas!”.
This is a dangerous exercise! This skill can be taught independently, but it is better to contact a dog handler. In addition, it is very important that the dog “attacks” only the stranger and not its owner.
It is not difficult to teach a puppy basic commands. The main thing is patience and love for your pet. And remember, you should not conduct classes if you are in a bad mood. this will only ruin your relationship. As you grow older, you can teach your pet and other commands. By the way, in some materials you can read how to wean a puppy from biting, how to wean from barking, how to make you go to the toilet only on the street.
Additionally, watch a short video about teaching a puppy the Sit! Command: