Why does a dog need to know commands?
Teaching teams is necessary in order for the pet to exist normally with other animals and people, especially for large and fighting breeds. Although small dogs without training can grow up to be no less aggressive and uncontrollable. Training is also necessary in order to correct behavior, eradicate bad habits, and develop the natural instincts of the animal.
Can an adult dog be trained? It is possible, but much more difficult, so it is better to start classes from six months of life, although they are carried out in a playful way. The process will go much faster, as the puppies are more active and like to learn new things.
But before starting classes, you need to take into account the following points:
- the nature and habits of the pet;
- do not retreat from classes, make them permanent;
- praise and reward the puppy, make the exercises more interesting;
- to distinguish between work and play moments.
It is also important to take into account the fact that the exercises do not need to be arranged after lunch or dinner, but training should be carried out only on an empty stomach.
How to teach your dog commands
So that your puppy can fulfill basic requests, obey, and you can curb his activity, you need to train him from childhood. Then he will be able not only to overcome the barrier or bring a stick, but to serve or walk not on a leash, but on his own. How to teach a dog commands at home, and how to quickly teach a dog to fulfill basic requirements, you may ask. But this is quite real, it is enough to get a little consultation from experienced dog handlers, watch training videos and clearly follow the rules that we will mention below.
How to teach your dog to die command
You can start the “die” exercise at any age, even with an adult dog. To do this, it is enough to fill the pet on its back or give it the appropriate command, take a treat in your hand and let it smell. After that, move your hand with food to the side, further along the ridge. When the animal falls on its side, give the reward.
This team must be taught, both an adult and a small pet. Although there are two types, when the dog lies down in its place in the house or near a specified object. How to teach a dog the command “place”? Simple enough, for this you need to lure the puppy with a tasty treat or point your finger there, saying “place”. Once done, the dog is encouraged. And in order for the dog to stay in place longer, throw his favorite toy there.
It is also important that when returning from a place without a command, you need to return the pet there, pointing there with your finger, sentencing in a formidable voice.
How to teach your dog to command your voice
The command “voice” is especially useful for those dogs that are used for hunting, when guarding the house or in the process of searching for people. But initially you need to take into account that some breeds will not be able to learn at all and publish loud barking, and Labradors and Shepherd Dogs learn the fastest. How to teach your dog to command your voice?
- tie your dog near a tree and step on the leash;
- do not let your pet jump on you when he sees food;
- ask for a voice and show a treat;
- reward your pet after completing the command;
- repeat the exercise two to three times.
It is important not to reward the animal if it barks and barks without a command, otherwise the exercise will be memorized incorrectly.
To lie down
The “lie down” command can also come in handy in everyday life, especially if you travel a lot with your pet or often go to visit. Training begins at three months, along with the command “sit”. With the correct execution of the command, give a treat, and if there is no reaction, press on the withers. How to teach your dog to lie down?
- go to a quiet place, even outside. But there should be no dampness and snow on the ground;
- press on the withers and back, saying “lie down”;
- at this time, you need to show the yummy in the other hand at ground level;
- after following the instructions, release the animal with the words to walk.
Remember that training can take up to a year, but it should pass without rudeness, gradually becoming more difficult. If at first the pet is trained at home, then later, on the street or in a public place. And do not expect that the first time the dog will be able to lie on the ground for a long time.
Before describing how to teach a dog the command to sit, here are a few important points. For example, learning begins in early childhood, from three to five months. Use the reward and punishment method to do the exercises. press on the sacrum if you fail and give a treat when you do it.
- call your pet to you;
- call him by name, say “sit” and press on the sacrum;
- hold the dog in that position for a few seconds, and then give a treat;
- end the exercise with the words walk;
- repeat the exercise every five to seven minutes.
How to train a dog to sit command: mistakes
In the process of training a dog to command “Sit”, the following mistakes can be made:
- you accidentally praise the pet for another action (for example, the dog sat down, you are going to encourage it, and the dog, without waiting for the encouragement, gets up and gets a treat, but this time behind the counter);
- encourage the dog when it sat down and immediately got up (the dog gets used to the command “Sit!” only to touch the ground);
- one more mistake when teaching the command “Sit!”. you forget to give any command to finish boarding (the dog changes position on its own);
- give the command “Sit!” very loudly and harshly (the dog may get scared and not execute the command); make a sharp gesture or adopt a threatening pose (the dog may regard these actions as a threat);
- repeat the command “Sit!” before reinforcing its execution with a delicacy (the dog gets used to not reacting to the first command and can only sit on the second or third, or not sit at all);
- press very hard on the lower back and pull the collar back (the dog begins to be afraid).
Landing in a difficult environment
This is a very important step in raising a shaggy family friend who will teach her how to behave in difficult and dangerous situations. It will also allow you to show your pet how to behave correctly in crowded places of dogs and people.
She will learn to execute commands regardless of the environment. This will help avoid unpleasant situations, such as trying to play with the neighbour’s children.
How To Teach A Dog To Sit
You can start by landing in a room with the other person, or you can ask your friends to walk with you. Then give the command when your pet is passionate about the game.
Gradually move to more crowded and noisy places. Do not do this every day, but alternate with walks in the park. But do not forget about the muzzle, especially if the dog is large. Walking dogs without a muzzle in public places is prohibited.
If your pet has a thick undercoat, using snowdrifts as obstacles will be an excellent workout for practicing the exercise in a difficult environment. But remember: urban snow is watered with hazardous chemicals. Better out to the fields.
To consolidate the linkage of action (pronouncing a voice command. adopting a seated posture), a contrasting method is most often used with alternating encouragement and coercive measures. The dog is pressed on the sacrum so that it takes the desired position. A positive result is supported by a piece of delicacy, or by playing exercises. here it is important to choose the type of encouragement that is closest to the animal.
While practicing the technique, the dog is seated, pressing on its sacrum with one hand. At the same time, the other hand pulls the leash back and up, indicating the direction of movement and relieving the front legs. With a small puppy, it is better to refuse a leash. This method is suitable for adult dogs, as they are strong enough to put up serious resistance during training.
Sharp Collar Parforce also refers to training tools that are only acceptable for adults. In this case, the owner must be sufficiently experienced in training, since sudden jerks can cause injuries.
The disadvantage of the mechanical effect, which was described earlier, is that the animal can begin to resist it, accumulating negative emotions. Therefore, the use of the treat is recommended by experts.
Some trainers have argued that active food rewards can cause the animal to become entrenched in this behavior, and it will begin to sit down every time a treat comes into view. There are different opinions on this, but in general, it should be remembered that the incorrect use of a treat in training does cause a number of side effects.
Misuse of a command by a dog is a sign of the wrong approach
The first mistake of an inexperienced trainer is to show a treat to an animal when it is in its line of sight. In this case, the association is fixed that in order to get the coveted piece, you need to be in the nearest zone to the owner. In the future, it is difficult to explain to the dog that it is necessary to take a sitting position at any distance from the owner. provided that she hears the command.
If the owner moves away from the pet, the dog should not rush after him, thinking that otherwise he will not receive encouragement.
The second problem associated with obtaining favorite treats is related to the interruption of the command after the owner has made a rewarding gesture.
When a puppy enters the house, the owners practice raising their arms from the frontal position, teaching the animal to follow the “Sit” command. At the same time, the dog is motivated to receive food, which is kept by the owner. This method is well fixed, but in practice it causes a number of difficulties.
The main problem is that the owner does not share command and stimulation. The required scheme of work includes three stages: first, the dog hears a vocal command, then it is stimulated to act and, finally, at the last step, after correct execution, a reward awaits it. Initially, the command does not control the dog. At the next stages of training, the need for external influence disappears and the animal concentrates precisely on the owner’s voice call and the required sequence of actions. Difficulties can appear as they get older, when the dog begins to act independently and more actively. The owner faced with disobedience must understand the difference between manipulating the animal and a real command, returning to the basic training steps.
Initially it seems that teaching the Sit command is straightforward. This illusion arises because it is natural for a dog to sit in front of the owner. However, at the professional level, the greatest number of mistakes is made precisely in this area. the animal may not show restraint and lie down, in other cases it leaves after the departing owner, etc. This happens if we do not share the importance for the dog of the command “Sit” and those factors that in other circumstances motivate the animal to take the desired posture. If circumstances change, the dog may ignore the instructor’s request.
For professionals, it is important that the dog understands why to be in the planting for a long time. over, this can apply to any territory and situation. stadium, playground, city, protective work, peacetime, etc.
The ultimate goal of teaching the command “Sit” is holding in the required position, which determines the degree of stability of the reception.
The best option is to divide the workout into two parts, one of which is to take the desired pose, and the second is to save it until the cancellation signal.
Correct position of the dog
Based on the physiology of the animal, the distance between the legs in a standing position is greater than in a sitting position. This circumstance must be taken into account. Work with food, collar and movement of the hand under the jaw is carried out in such a way as to shorten the distance. The back of the body certainly moves forward to the front, while dropping clearly down to the ground.
The first error occurs when the owner stretches the animal’s body in different directions. pulls up and simultaneously presses on the lower back. This causes discomfort in the back and rejection of this type of activity.
The call to sit from a standing position without preliminary preparation in the form of reducing the distance between the legs will cause natural resistance.
The second common mistake is over-pushing the hind legs forward. In this case, the dog, on the contrary, finds itself in a crumpled position. At best, it will sit unevenly. At worst, it will start to fall to the side or back.
In either case, the teacher’s actions can be corrected. It is enough to possess the provided information and to stop erroneous actions in time, observing the reaction of the dog’s body. In general, the landing should take place naturally, without a negative reaction from her side.
It must be understood that training a skill at a professional level and practicing simple sitting are not the same. The first step is to motivate your dog to get the treat. The next step will be to complete the task from several positions, as well as following the instructions of the owner when he gives a command from a distance in a certain range.
The criteria for fulfilling the command “Sit” are the speed with which the dog takes the desired position, accuracy of performance, stability of work. Participation in competitions is possible, provided that she knows the commands “lie down” and “stand”, as the skills are tested in a complex. The trainer encourages the animal to demonstrate its skills several times. Within the framework of the competitive process, there are cases when she breaks off and refuses to continue working, heading to the owner. To avoid such problems, you need to work out the sequence of commands to automatism. The instructor conducts training in two directions. In the first variant, the front legs remain motionless. In the second version, the complex is practiced with fixed hind legs.
The dog must first acquire the ability to maintain restraint. This is an intermediate stage between the initial mastering of sitting and the execution of a command without stimulation in various variants.
An excellent option for hyperactive and adult dogs, as well as overly temperamental males of large breeds. Great for when the pet does not want to land, but is just trying to snatch the treat.
- Place your pet on your right. Tighten the leash, but not too much.
- Get your pet’s attention by giving it a nickname. Then turn slightly to the dog and grab the leash with your right hand at a distance of 15-20 cm from the collar attachment.
- Give the Sit command and use the second landing method, pulling the leash up and back, but not too much. If the dog refuses to follow the command, combine both methods and apply some pressure on the sacrum. Ensure that there is sufficient space between pairs of legs.
- If your pet is old enough or hyperactive, after planting it is worth repeating the command again, and then praising and stroking. Don’t forget about the treat.
- The dog must wait for the Walk command before standing up. Pause for 5-7 seconds.
If the new friend is heavy, it will be very difficult for you to deal with him. If you understand that your strength is not enough, it is better to ask for help.
Why does a dog need a team?
The command “Sit” is the basis for training and is the easiest to execute. She trains concentration of attention, acts as the main one in the development of discipline and endurance, and also helps to teach a four-legged friend obedience and socialization skills.
Step-by-step method of training a puppy and an adult dog
After you have determined the best option for planting for you, picked up a delicacy and chosen a place, you can start the learning process itself. Make sure there are no other animals or people around.
How to Teach your Puppy to Sit and Stay
You need to monitor the behavior of a four-legged friend during training. This is especially important in the case of training puppies of large breeds (especially shepherd ones, such as Alabai), since hip dysplasia is common among them. The pet should not be hungry or thirsty. The best option is to start the lesson one hour before feeding and take water with you.
Reflex command execution
Perhaps this can be called the last step towards the title of an exemplary dog. To master this skill, the pet must know other basic commands.
Practice the “Nearby” command for a while. It is advisable to do 2-3 approaches. Then do another one, but at the end say “Sit” and hold for 5-7 seconds. Praise, reward, take a break and repeat 2-3 more times.
Gradually increase the time, change direction when executing the “Nearby” command. Bring the landing to automatism: the dog should perform it at a stop. Make sure that the pet is always on the left. Try to change direction off the leash.
Equally important is the connection with the “Come to me” command. Thanks to this combination, the dog will be more controllable. If you need to distract her from the game, she will not just run towards the owner and continue to play with him, but will sit next to him.
- Being at a distance from the dog (at least 4 meters), give the command “Come to me” and show the treat in your left hand.
- After the pet is near, lower your hand along the body. The dog should approach you from the left side.
- Give the command “Sit”. If it fails, try putting your pet on a leash first.
- Praise and reward. Don’t forget about endurance.
Teaching Your Dog to Sit Command
After acquiring a pet, the first thing most owners ask themselves is how to teach the dog the Sit command? Usually puppy training for this command begins at the age of 3 months. The command “Sit” is worked out in a contrasting method, that is, both compulsion and encouragement are important. The pressure of the hand on the sacrum of the dog is used as compulsion, praise and delicacy are used as an encouragement.
You can train the dog to sit command both at home and on the street. The main thing is that the place is calm (the dog should not be distracted by extraneous sounds) and clean (you understand, to sit in the mud, few people will like it).
Walk up to the dog and, if you need to get attention, call it by name. Then say “Sit!” and sit the dog down by gently pressing on his sacrum (butt) and placing a hand with a tasty morsel over his head. When the pet sits down, encourage it and, after a few seconds, release it by giving the command “Take a walk”. Repeat the exercise several times at intervals of 3-5 minutes.
If the dog is on a leash, then you can, while seating it, put pressure on its bottom with one hand, and pull the leash back and up a little with the other. Usually a leash is useful when you need to teach the Sit command to an adult dog that has not been trained at a young age and is not familiar with the discipline. If you have a puppy, it is better to practice the command without a leash.
We complicate the command “Sit” and bring it to the standard
Usually a couple of repetitions are enough for the pet to start sitting down without mechanical impact from you. As soon as it was possible to teach the puppy to the command “Sit”, it is necessary to increase the intervals between the execution of the command and the reward, bringing it gradually to 5 seconds (if you are working with the puppy, then you do not need a longer exposure at the moment). If the dog jumps up before giving the treat, repeat the command again and sit down. When the dog begins to sit down on command and patiently wait for treats for 5 seconds, your hands will be free and you can begin to accompany the voice command with a gesture. The gesture to the command “Sit” is the right hand raised to ear level, palm forward.
Simultaneously with the introduction of the gesture, increase the distance of the command up to 2-3 meters and the shutter speed up to 7-8 seconds. Do not forget, the puppy should never get up by himself, let him go with the command “Walk”.
Give the command “Sit” 4-5 times each walk. Sometimes, after giving a command, start stroking the puppy or pretend to examine the collar. This is to show the dog that you are forcing him to sit down for a reason. After completing the inspection, give the treat and release the dog with the “Walk” command. Be sure to give the Sit command before serving the food bowl. Make the puppy sit down, put the bowl down (don’t let him jump up) and let him start eating by commanding “Yes”.
When your pet is 4 months old and it will accurately execute the command “Sit” at a short distance, start gradually increasing the distance and exposure. It is advisable to reach the standard indicators by 8 months. the execution of the command from the first serve, from a distance of up to 15 meters, with a shutter speed of up to 15 seconds. However, in the process of training, do not stop sitting the pet for short distances of 2-5 meters. If you are working with the dog at the maximum distance, then you should not shout from the other end of the field, letting go of the command “Walk”. Approach the pet yourself, encourage it and then release it.
Execution of the command “Sit” in a difficult environment
Even if your dog does a great job in a quiet environment, you should start over, gradually increasing distance and endurance. It is desirable to achieve a clear fulfillment of the command according to the standard and in a difficult environment by the age of 9-10 months. The dog must perform the Sit command several times a day throughout its life.
How to teach a puppy the command “to me
The first command that every dog must follow is “to me”. Therefore, the first thing we train the baby to do is to do it. How to teach a puppy to command me? Quite simply: we call the pet by its nickname and, in conjunction with it, do not say the command. For example, “Barsik, come to me!”. First, lure the kid with a treat, and when he follows the command, be sure to praise (say “well done” or “good”). In addition, it is always interesting for the puppy to play, and this factor can be used in addition to feeding. Read more in
How to teach a puppy the command “place
This command learns only after a good mastering of the “lie down” command. The principle of this training is also quite simple and how to teach a puppy to command the place is well shown in the video below (see to the end). With the help of a treat, we lure the baby into his place, show him “to lie down, place” and, as the puppy lays down, we give him a treat. Then we remove the word “lie” and show only “place”. Over time, the dog will remember well what a place is.
Other interesting and useful information on the Dai Lapu website:
- Beautiful nicknames for girls’ dogs (German, Russian, with meaning);
- Yorkshire Terrier photo and description of the breed (in the video below it is York);
- Reviews about Eukanuba food for puppies (review of the composition of the food).
When the baby lies down, we immediately praise him and give him a treat. As soon as the puppy learns to lie down on the command “to lie down”, the time between the execution of the command and the giving of the treat should be gradually increased. Thus, endurance will be trained. It is more difficult for this team to train an adult dog, because if it is a large breed, it will be much more difficult to lay it down. Therefore, to begin with, the site “Give Lapu” wrote exactly about how to teach a puppy commands, and not an adult dog.
As the baby sits down and sits quietly, we praise him and give him a treat. If the puppy is too active and you can’t wait for him to calm down, you should first play with him so that he is a little tired. If this does not help, we put on the leash and step on it (the leash, of course) so that the dog cannot jump. If he still doesn’t sit, you can help him easily by pressing on his back near the tail. In this case, be sure to repeat the command to sit.
An adult can also be trained in this skill. It should be remembered that such dogs are less trainable, which means that you will have to spend more time and energy to complete this task than when working with a small pet.
Best methods for teaching your dog to sit at home
If you are raising a pet, you need to know how to teach an adult dog and puppy the Sit Command. This skill is considered one of the basic ones. He needs to train representatives of all breeds, regardless of their size, temperament, purpose.
In most cases, training in the presented room is quick and easy. Many dog breeders cope with this task on their own. Only if the animal is afraid of a person, did not receive the necessary education on time, was picked up from the street, the help of a dog handler may be needed.
How to teach a puppy the Sit command at home?
It is not difficult to train with a small pet. To teach him a new skill, you need to do this:
- Prepare for your workout. Find a comfortable room or an open area for her, where nothing will distract your animal from classes. Take your favorite treats. they are used as a treat.
- Call the dog, make sure that he paid attention to the owner. To do this, it is recommended to stand in front of her face.
- Show the dog encouragement. He must see the delicacy, but not be able to snatch it out of the hands of the owner. This will allow the animal to concentrate on the training process.
- Next, you need to bring the treat close to the pet’s nose and slowly raise your hand above his head. The puppy will instinctively reach for the goodies, pull up its muzzle and sit on the ass.
- As soon as the pet’s bottom touches the floor, it should be given the command “Sit”. After that, you can offer the dog a reward to reinforce the skill. You should also praise the animal, pat on the head.
Each approach to the implementation of a new skill must be ended with the words “At ease” or “Walk” so that the puppy understands that he must stay in the same place until the owner gives a new order. After a successful training session, it is recommended to play with your pet. You can run with him, give the dog a favorite toy.
After the pet begins to quickly execute the presented command, it will need to be served and brought to the standard. First, during training, you need to increase the interval between the order and the encouragement, then enter a gesture that denotes it. This is the right palm raised to ear level. It is given at the same time as the voice command.
It is also recommended to gradually increase the distance between yourself and the pet while practicing the skill. According to the standard, by 8 months the dog must fulfill the order “Sit” at a distance of 15 meters from its owner and with an interval of 15 seconds from the moment of receiving the appropriate order from the person.
If the puppy is very active, often distracted, does not obey the owner, a different teaching method is used for him. They act like this:
- They put a collar with a leash on the pet. With their help, they keep the dog close by, do not allow him to play during training.
- They stand near the pet, gently press on its ass, prompting the animal to sit down. They do it gently. with this type of training, slaps and blows, forceful pressure on the sacrum are not allowed. This can not only scare the dog away, but also injure him.
- As soon as the dog sits down on the bottom, he is given the command “Sit”. So that the animal does not return to a standing position ahead of time, the owner needs to press it to the floor for at least half a minute.
- After the successful execution of the order, the dog is encouraged. In one lesson, at least 3-5 approaches of this type are done.
Another method can be used to train an adult dog. They work on it like this:
- The owner watches the pet for a long time, always keeps the treat with him.
- As soon as the dog voluntarily sits on the ground, the person gives a clear command “Sit”, encourages the pet.
- This technique is repeated several times. In order to accustom the beast to the execution of the command, they train with it for at least 30 minutes daily. Ideally, the duration of training should be brought to an hour.
For the presented method to work, a person needs to be patient with the animal. It is important to wait every time until it begins to sit down on its own. You can’t throw him on the ass, press on his back, push. Otherwise, it will not learn the command. This type of training is not suitable for puppies.
how to teach an adult dog and a puppy to sit command?
Why does a dog need the command “Sit”?
The presented skill is important for a pet. It is used for the following purposes:
- Trainings for various difficult teams, including Aport.
- Controlling pet behavior in public places, including walking areas. The use of the presented command in different situations will allow you to draw the dog’s attention to the owner, avoid conflict with other animals, and distract the dog from strangers.
To make learning a new skill easy for you and your animal, follow these helpful tips:
After you have learned the Sit command with the animal, introduce it into your daily training from time to time. Remember, if your pet is not constantly trained, he may lose the acquired skills, and you will have to start working with him from the very beginning.