Purulent wound in a dog: how to treat at home, treatment and antibiotics for inflammation
Dogs are active and curious animals, because of this feature they often get injured. This can be a cat or other dog bite, a glass cut on the paw, or a puncture with a sharp object. Any owner should know how and how to treat their pet’s wounds. From the article you will learn what drugs to use, how to treat a dog injury.
In such cases, the hair around the bites should be trimmed, especially if it is thick and long. If this is not done, then the discharge from the wound will collect in large icicles, and dermatitis will appear on the skin under them, which will add problems. Trim the hair around the wound Then the wound should be washed with hydrogen peroxide 3%. To do this, it is more convenient to use a regular disposable syringe without a needle, which must be inserted into the wound and washed out the pus.
Be prepared for a lot of foam and pain. But such an unpleasant procedure needs to be done. Peroxide removes pus well and does not act too aggressively on living tissue. Remove everything that has been washed from the wound with clean gauze napkins, the edges of the wound can be slightly squeezed for better cleansing.
How to Clean a Wound on a Dog or Cat at Home (the right way!). Dog Health Vet Advice
Syringe with the plunger removed After that, inject Levomekol ointment into the wound, again using a syringe without a needle. To quickly and conveniently draw the ointment into the syringe, you need to remove the plunger, squeeze the levomekol into the syringe and return the plunger to its place.
How often should the wound be cleaned? Start twice a day, and then guide it to heal. If the discharge becomes less, then it will be possible to rinse with peroxide once a day, and inject the ointment twice. in the morning and in the evening.
The risk of infection of the damaged skin area in dogs is quite high. Therefore, if the animal has received a lacerated injury, it is important to take measures to disinfect it without delay. The fact is that seeding with pathogenic microorganisms occurs at a very high speed.
Therefore, it is important to know how to treat a lacerated wound in a dog in order to stop the development of the inflammatory process. Most often, an ointment is prescribed for this. Vishnevsky’s ointment, “Levomekol”, erythromycin, tetracycline are excellent.
It is also very important to take into account that if the rules of antiseptics and asepsis are violated, exudate may be released from the lacerated wound during treatment. In this case, veterinarians refer to it as weeping. The liquid itself consists of blood plasma, leukocytes, lymph and other products.
It is not difficult to understand on your own that the wound has begun to get wet. In addition to the formation of liquid, a strong unpleasant odor is felt. The behavior of the animal changes immediately, it is accompanied by a depressed mood and apathy.
If the pet has a weeping laceration wound, then in addition to the main therapy, it is necessary to use treatment aimed at removing this fluid. First of all, it is important to follow the rules during processing. If the dog has this place very painful and constantly itches, it will be necessary to drink analgesics and antihistamines. Most often prescribed “Tavegil”, “Suprastin”.
Varieties of wounds in dogs
The choice of a method of therapy and a preparation for treatment directly depends on the type of wound and its characteristics. There are the following varieties:
- Abrasions and scratches. Most often found in life, usually observed on the back and legs. Formed during a walk, active games in the house. Peroxide or antiseptic is suitable for processing. They pass quickly due to high regeneration in dogs.
- Cut and chipped. Have smooth edges, can be complicated by severe bleeding. An important condition is the application of a tourniquet, and then a sterile dressing. The period of treatment depends on the depth of the lesion and the health of the animal. Suturing recommended.
- Torn and bitten. Their danger is that muscle fibers and tendons can be affected. They have serrated surface edges on which dirt quickly accumulates. If the dog is bitten by another dog, stitches and antibiotics are required.
Less common are gunshot wounds. Their severity depends on the penetration depth of the ammunition used. An urgent removal of lead from the body is required, as well as hardware diagnostics in order to notice the damage to internal organs in time.
At home, treatment is not recommended, you should contact a veterinary clinic. Combined damage may occur after fights. Because the fangs easily bite through the tissue, and the movements of the jaw tear them apart.
Was the dog’s paw damaged? How to treat the wound if a purulent process has already begun? Owners need to understand that, in addition to the formation of exudate in the wound channel, there will be other symptoms.
What to Do When Your Dog Has an Open Wound
These include: decreased appetite, fever, pet’s apathy. If suddenly this happens, veterinarians recommend starting a course of antibiotic therapy. As a rule, its duration is no more than 14 days.
- Tetracyclines. “Doxycycline”.
- Penicillins. “Amoxicillin”, “Ampicillin”, “Sinulox”.
- Cephalosporins. “Cephalen”, “Cephalexin”, “Cefotaxime” (effective for severe purulent processes).
This is important: if there is an infection in the wound, stitches should not be applied.!
Classification of wounds in dogs
Injury lesions can be different, so wounds are divided into several types.
- A cut wound in a dog. arises from a cut with sharp objects. It can be determined by an even edge and, as a rule, severe bleeding, since the vessels are ruptured. Suturing is often required.
- Chopped wound. can occur under the influence of heavy objects. The characteristic of such injuries is crooked edges with bruises, in severe cases, bones are damaged. Due to the rapidly developing blood clots due to a stroke, the bleeding stops quickly.
- Puncture wound in a dog. arises from the impact of sharp objects (nails, needles, etc.). You can see a small hole going deep into the tissues. There is not much blood, but the risk of suppuration is high, since the damaged tissues are closed and difficult to process.
- Slamming and bruising in dogs occurs when struck with blunt objects. There is no strong pain sensation due to nerve damage. These types of wounds take a long time to heal.
- Laceration wounds in dogs. occur if a part of the animal’s body falls into any moving mechanism. Often occurs when hit by the wheels of a car. The edges of the damage are torn, uneven. Large areas of skin may come off (scalp wound).
- Firearms. applied with a weapon. This is a serious damage that affects the life of the pet. With gunshot wounds in dogs, life can go on for minutes. Therefore, urgent assistance is needed.
- Bitten. Often arise when fighting with relatives. Also bites are wild animals. An uneven edge is characteristic, sometimes the damage has a fairly decent depth. The main danger is the development of tetanus and rabies. Bites are usually not sutured, as there is a high likelihood of suppuration.
It is not difficult to classify wounds in dogs. When an animal gets into an unpleasant situation, it is imperative to determine the type of wound in order to provide competent assistance.
What to do if the wound won’t heal
If the wound does not heal for a long time, you should understand the reasons for this process. A similar feature occurs in older animals and bitches after childbirth, since their immunity is weakened. To accelerate regeneration, it is required to increase the number of treatments, as well as to include in the treatment wound-healing preparations in the form of an ointment, for example, Panthenol or Levosin.
Often, tissue damage does not heal if the dog constantly licks or scratches them. To avoid this, be sure to wear a collar and cover with a bandage. Limit active games, walks on the street as much as possible. If there are no results for more than a month, suppuration has appeared, contact your veterinarian.
Absolutely all powders / powders have an excellent antiseptic, wound healing and suction effect.
First aid for a pet:
- Assess the nature of the wound, how large it is, is there any bleeding and what kind? It is possible to start treating the damaged surface if it is insignificant and only with capillary bleeding. Wounds up to 2-3 cm long and no more than 1 cm in depth are considered not dangerous and easy to heal with the right help. In all other cases, self-medication can threaten with complications.
- Trim the hair around the damage (or shave off with a machine, if possible). If this is not possible, try to gently part the hair in order to gain access to the wound surface and take a good look at everything.
- Rinse the damaged area with any antiseptic (chlorhexidine, furacilin, rivanol or hydrogen peroxide 3%) or ordinary running water if there are no antiseptic solutions at hand. With each subsequent washes, it is important to remove purulent crusts, dirt, any foreign bodies clinging to the ointment or fluid secreted (exudate) during the healing process.
- Capillary bleeding is well controlled by hydrogen peroxide and / or powdery (powder) wound healing powders.
- You can treat the wound after washing with: iodine, brilliant green, “sealing” spray, powdery wound healing powder or ointment / cream (one of your choice).
- If severe bleeding is detected, a tight, pressing bandage should be organized with a bandage or any other available means and the pet should be delivered to a specialist. Untimely qualified assistance can cost the pet’s life against the background of profuse blood loss.
- If an old purulent wound or abscess is found (hot lump at the site of a bite or other type of injury), this is a direct route to the veterinarian.
- Lacerated (deep) wounds, even in the absence of heavy bleeding, must be sutured, so the dog must be taken to the clinic.
- The basic rule for the treatment of any wounds: wet. dry, dry. wet. Those. it is good to treat drying wounds with ointments and liquid forms of medicines, wet. better with sprays or powders.
Tip: even if at first glance the wound seems insignificant, after initial treatment, you should show the dog to a veterinarian. It is better to get the approval of a specialist that everything is done correctly than to get complications from improper care in the form of suppuration, abscesses, longer healing and sepsis.
A wound in a dog: how to treat, treatment, what to do
All dogs, regardless of breed, are usually very active animals. In addition to commonplace scratches and cuts, there are risks of serious wounds during training and fights among themselves. What is the owner to do? Shallow injuries and abrasions can be treated on their own. you just need to know what and how. But serious lacerations should be entrusted to a veterinarian, tk. in most cases, such injuries require stitches and special care after.
Brilliant green solution (brilliant green)
List of drugs for treating wounds in dogs
The list of antiseptic and healing agents that can be used to treat a dog is huge. Here is a list of the most commonly used drugs:
Wound healing, antimicrobial and analgesic ointments / creams are used in dried wounds or shallow weeping
Types of wounds in a dog
Scratches and abrasions. Most often found in dogs. Dogs can get scratches and abrasions not only during walks, encountering thorny plants or wire, but also during fun games in the apartment or in the house. Most often, the paws and sides of the dog suffer from abrasions and scratches.
Splinters. Although a splinter is a concern for a dog, this type of wound is not the most dangerous. The paws of dogs most often suffer from foreign objects after walking, and often the tongue, if the pet likes to actively chew on wooden objects.
Cuts. Sharp glasses. the main enemy of dog paws while walking. Cuts can be superficial and deep, so you need to be very careful about this type of wound.
Bitten wounds. Other dog or cat bites pose a serious danger to a dog, not only because of their severity. sharp canines can tear tendons, large blood vessels. but they can also provoke a serious wound infection, because the saliva of other animals contains bacteria that are harmful to your pet.
Stab and cut wounds. Deep wounds inflicted on the dog by objects with long, sharp surfaces. Can penetrate deep into the body of an animal, cause serious blood loss, damage to internal organs.
Lacerated wounds. The danger of lacerations is that they can seriously damage the tendons and soft tissues, and the uneven edges of the wound will grow together and heal for a long time.
Bruised wounds. Dogs can get them when they collide with cars, other heavy objects, from blows with a stick. With such wounds, the skin and soft tissues of the animal’s body are squeezed, blood vessels are seriously injured, and an extensive hematoma occurs.
A wound in a dog
How to treat a dog’s wound
Everyone who decides to take responsibility and have a dog, no matter whether it is a large shepherd dog or a tiny Yorkshire terrier, should have a home first aid kit with a set of medical supplies in the house, with which you can give first aid to the animal, treat a wound and heal injuries that do not require veterinary intervention. First of all, these are bandages, antibacterial plasters, a tourniquet for stopping blood, a set of disinfectants and healing ointments.
When a dog is injured, the first thing to do is not to get confused. If the bleeding is severe, then a tourniquet should be applied as quickly as possible above the wound area. It is not advisable to keep the tourniquet for more than 2-2.5 hours (if the tourniquet cannot be applied, the blood can be stopped with a tight bandage). The wound must be quickly treated with disinfectants: chlorhexidine, miramistin or terramycin aerosol. During disinfection with a gauze or cotton pad swab, dirt and other foreign particles must be removed from the wound (tweezers can also be used). Cut the hair around the wound with scissors so that the hairs do not fall on the injured surface or carefully shave off with a safety razor. Then treat the wound with hydrogen peroxide, which will help stop the blood from small vessels. And then assess the severity of the wound.
If it is a scratch, abrasion, bruise with a small surface of soft tissue injury, a splinter or cut wound, no more than 2-3 centimeters long and no more than a centimeter deep, then such wounds can be cured at home. If the dog’s wound is large or deep, its edges are torn, you suspect that tendons or internal organs may be injured, then after treating the wound and applying a bandage, the animal needs to be urgently taken to the veterinarian.
Types of wounds in dogs
- Scratches, minor abrasions. The most common types of skin injuries that a dog receives during active games, scratching on a wire, a sticking out branch, sharp thorns of plants.
- Splinters. Less dangerous type of wounds. Most often, splinters are found on the pads, tongue, cheeks, oral mucosa, if the pet likes to gnaw wooden sticks.
- Cuts. They are deep, superficial. With severe damage, they are accompanied by venous, arterial bleeding. Occurs when animals come into contact with sharp objects.
- Bites (from dogs, other animals, insects). The type of wounds prone to inflammation, suppuration, infection, since the saliva of animals, insects contains pathogenic microbes, bacteria.
- Cut. They have different lengths and depths. May be accompanied by severe bleeding.
- Chipped. Mostly small in diameter, rarely bleeding lesions.
- Torn. Different depths, irregularly shaped wounds with torn edges.
- Chopped. Affects the deep layers of the epidermis, muscle structures. Accompanied by severe bruising, crushing.
- Firearms. The most dangerous type of wounds for the life of dogs, especially with injuries to the head, sternum, abdominal cavity. Internal organs may be damaged. Often accompanied by severe bleeding if large vessels are damaged.
- Bruised. Their dog receives as a result of strong blows, collisions with heavy objects, for example, with cars.
Dogs are also often diagnosed with combination wounds that combine several symptoms of the above injuries.
What is used to treat wounds
For the treatment of treatment of wounds, bruises, other injuries on the body of an animal in veterinary practice, they use:
- Antiseptic, disinfecting drugs in solutions, tablets, powders, sprays. For the primary treatment of the damaged area, chlorhexidine, hydrogen peroxide, Miramistin, furacilin.
- Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory drugs. Used for prophylaxis, with inflamed wounds infected with pathogenic flora, as prescribed by a veterinarian.
- Wound healing preparations in the form of ointments, liniment. Accelerate tissue regeneration, have a bacterial effect (Ranosan, Levomikol, tetracycline ointment, Vishnevsky liniment).
- Hemostatic medicines.
For the treatment of deep bleeding or weeping wounds, antiseptics are used in powders, sprays, powders. Cuts, shallow injuries are treated with antiseptic, disinfectant, antibacterial solutions.
How to treat a dog’s wound: types of wounds and first aid
No dog, no matter how attentive the owner is, is immune from wounds, cuts, insect bites. The dog can cut the paw with glass, injure himself with sharp objects, get injured in active games, damage to the skin in fights with other dogs. If it is not possible to deliver a pet to the veterinary clinic, you need to know how to provide first aid correctly.
Why are wounds dangerous for a dog
Even a small scratch on the body, a minor cut, if not treated, becomes inflamed and becomes a gateway for pathogenic bacteria to enter. Large internal lesions are often hidden behind small “holes”.
The degree of injury to a dog is difficult to determine “by eye”. Gunshot wounds are almost always accompanied by profuse bleeding. Calm the dog, cover the wound with a sterile towel, tissue, bandage. Take the dog to the veterinary clinic immediately. In some cases, an emergency operation, anti-shock therapy is required.
Single bites of stinging insects (wasps, bees) do not pose a particular danger to the dog. The animal shows concern, licks the bitten area. Redness is noticeable at the site of the bite, edema appears. On palpation, the animal feels pain.
- Examine the bite site. Remove the sting with tweezers, if present, or remove the tick.
- Treat the bite site with a disinfectant.
- Apply a cold compress, ice to the bite site for 5-10 minutes.
- Give an antihistamine (diphenhydramine).
- Monitor the condition of the dog, treat the bite twice a day.
If the dog is allergic, an insect bite can provoke anaphylactic shock. It is accompanied by suffocation, disruption of the central nervous system (convulsions), skin rash, edema, and other symptoms. Without wasting a minute, help your pet using atropine, adrenaline, corticosteroids, antihistamines, and other means to normalize the condition.
Deep lacerations, puncture wounds without contamination
Treatment of such wounds involves the following actions:
- Cutting the wool around the damaged area.
- We wash the wounds very well with any antiseptic (peroxide, furacilin). Draw the medicine into a disposable syringe without a needle. Pour the solution into the wound.
- Blot the wound with a sterile bandage.
- Lubricate the area around the wound with iodine, brilliant green.
We recommend that you deliver the dog to the clinic within 8-10 hours. The veterinarian must examine the animal, select drugs for further treatment.