home Dogs How To Trim A Dog’S Claws At Home

How To Trim A Dog’S Claws At Home

Frequency of nail clipping in dogs

This question worries many. After all, if you do not cut the dog’s nails in a timely manner, then there may be corresponding consequences:

  • Long nails can damage the owner or his family members. After playing, the pet can completely unconsciously harm its beloved owner.
  • Non-trimmed claws can leave wounds on the body of the dog itself. The decision to scratch behind your ear may result in injury
  • If the dog lives in the city, then long, unkempt claws, as a rule, leave marks on the furniture. In this case, of course, in conjunction with timely cutting, it is convenient to use socks for dogs.
  • Injuries to dewclaws
  • Problems with the musculoskeletal system.

So, finding out when it’s time to cut claws is very simple. It is enough to listen to how the dog walks. If you hear a clicking sound while driving, it’s time to trim your dog’s nails.

Dog claw structure

Before you carry out the procedure for cutting your pet’s nails, you need to get acquainted with the structure of the nail plate. So, the nail consists of the cornea. the hard part, and the pulp. the soft tissues containing blood vessels and nerve endings. The cornea covers the pulp, so it is often difficult for an inexperienced “master” to trim the claws of a dog. A common mistake when performing this procedure is damage to the pulp, which is accompanied by profuse bleeding and the animal’s response: the dog begins to escape, possibly screeching. However, usually the dog whines and begins to just take care of the paw.

How to trim your dog’s nails at home

To keep the dog beautiful and healthy, you need to take care of it periodically. Care includes not only the organization of the correct diet and timely walks, but also some cosmetic actions. Namely: trimming and washing wool, cleaning the ears and eyes, shortening the claws. These procedures can be carried out in a special pet salon, or at home. The most unpleasant, and sometimes painful of the listed procedures, is clipping. Therefore, most owners of tetrapods often think about how to trim the claws of a dog at home independently and painlessly.

Myths facts about clipping dogs

Due to the above difficulties, many owners of four-legged pets decide not to cut their claws. The most common argument not in favor of this procedure is that many homeless animals do not have the opportunity to take care of the foot and live somehow, the grown claw grinds against the asphalt. This statement is fundamentally wrong. There should be a few millimeters between the nail and the road or floor in the house. If the claw rests on the surface, then the gait is curved, and, accordingly, the posture. It is this skeletal structure that can be observed in stray animals. In this regard, these individuals acquire a whole bunch of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, which shortens the life of the four-legged.

It is worth noting that timely trimming of claws is very important for exhibition pedigree pets, because any exhibition is accompanied by a check of the posture of a faithful friend, and the slightest curvature of it leads to writing off the jury’s points. Therefore, the owners of show tetrapods often ask themselves the question of how to trim the claws of a dog.

Another feature of nail growth is the very structure of the growth of the dewclaws. the fifth fingers on the hind limb of the dog. They are rudimentary and do not actually participate in the walking process. For some show breeds, they are considered a vice. But for breeds such as Briard or Beauceron. a breed characteristic. Therefore, they must be removed at puppyhood. For most pets, they are common and can be found on every hind leg. If you need to trim the claws of the dog, then these fingers need to be given special attention. The grown claw in this place can provoke snagging on something while walking, which can lead to injury to both the finger and the limb in general.

How to trim dog’s nails: technique

In case of injury to the pulp, it is better to prepare cotton wool or cotton pads, a bottle of hydrogen peroxide in advance. Of course, cotton pads are preferable, since cotton wool has a fibrous structure and, in contact with the wound, can leave hairs in it

  • It is necessary to calm the pet with caresses, if necessary, give a treat.
  • Wash paws and nails thoroughly, remove dirt.
  • Place the pet on your lap in the case of a decorative breed, if the dog is large, you can on the rug.
  • With a gentle movement, take a paw in one hand, a claw cutter in the other and, stepping back 2-2.5 mm from the blood vessels, cut off the tip of the claw. In this case, it is better not to cut, than to provoke damage to the pulp with abundant bleeding. If the claw is light in color, then you can determine the beginning of the vessels without difficulty, just look at the light. If the claw is dark, then you need to be doubly careful, because the pulp on dark claws is practically invisible, and, therefore, the risks of its damage increase.
  • In case of damage to the pulp, it is necessary to use an antiseptic. hydrogen peroxide.
  • After the dog’s nails have been trimmed, they need to be trimmed with a file so that there are no sharp corners.

In order not to have a problem with claw trimming, it is necessary to accustom the pet to this procedure from puppyhood, in addition, a properly constructed educational activity will avoid the aggressive manifestation of the animal. If at home you cannot figure out how to cut the claws of a dog on your own, you can always go to a salon, where an appropriate specialist who regularly grooming dogs can help.

How to trim your dog’s nails at home

Your dog’s nails will naturally grind against asphalt and other hard surfaces. However, not all pets walk outside for a sufficient amount of time, in winter the ground is covered with snow, in addition, the animal has dewclaws that cannot sufficiently grind on their own. That is why the pet owner must carry out the nail trimming procedure. To do this, you need to know how to properly trim your dog’s nails at home and not hurt her.

Basic Rules

It is necessary to accustom the animal to the procedure even at the age of the puppy. So it will be easier for the dog to get used to it, and in the future it will behave fun and relaxed during the trimming of the nail plate. Some difficulties may arise if you first cut the claws of an adult dog. In such cases, he can escape and whine plaintively.

There are some rules for how to cut a dog’s nails to reduce the discomfort:

  • It is necessary to carefully examine the paws of the dog, if hair grows between the fingers, it should first be cut with scissors with rounded tips to free access to the nails. In addition, these extra hairs are a place for dirt to accumulate, so removing hair from the paw pads will reduce the chance of infection.
  • A dog’s claw consists of two parts. a strong outer shell and an inner sensitive pulp, which consists of blood vessels and nerve endings. If the pulp is damaged, bleeding will begin. Therefore, you need to carefully consider where the sensitive zone begins, so as not to hurt the animal. The location of the pulp is much better visible on the white transparent nails, in the case of black nails, it may be necessary to go to the veterinarian for the first procedure.
  • Trimming the hard part of the nail will be easier if you trim immediately after washing your paws.
  • The owner must remain calm, talk to the animal affectionately.
  • The procedure is easier if the dog is on an elevated position. If the animal is on the floor, an assistant may be required to grip it tightly by the neck and support the paw. Sometimes pet owners have difficulty in trimming their hind nails. To do this, you need to lay the animal on its side, and to facilitate access to the claws, you can press on the pad of your fingers.

During the procedure, you need to carefully examine the dog’s paws, if cracks, calluses, minor injuries are detected, hygienic treatment of the damaged surfaces should be carried out.

Tools

To properly cut a dog’s nails, you need to prepare the necessary tools and medications in advance. The set should consist of the following elements:

The owner needs to prepare the dog’s favorite treat in advance. It will help distract the animal’s attention during the procedure and will be a pleasant reward after the process is completed.

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An important nuance is to be patient and choose the best time for a haircut. It is optimal if the dog has just eaten or returned home after a long walk. In this state, he will not be able to actively resist your actions.

The importance of the process

A dog’s long claws can grow into the skin, causing soreness and wounding. Such injuries pose a potential danger, because there is a risk of infection during a walk and further paw suppuration.

Too long nail plates often break, and they also affect the dog’s gait. An animal with long claws has to put its paws crooked, which affects the condition of the joints and ligaments. The most dangerous consequences of untimely nail cutting are blood poisoning or skeletal curvature.

But the long claws of the pet are dangerous for the owner. A dog can inadvertently injure a person, ruin furniture or carpets in the house. That is why, as soon as you hear the clatter of paws while the dog moves around the apartment, you should carry out a hygienic procedure.

How often does a dog need to trim their nails at home? Adult dogs need pruning every 4 weeks, for puppies this period can be increased to 6 weeks.

Procedure steps

To properly trim your dog’s nails, you need to use the following instructions:

  • Examine the pet’s nails carefully and determine the location of the cut. Optimally, if the distance to the pulp is at least 2 mm.
  • If the beginning of the sensitive area is not visible, you should start trimming the nail plate starting from the very tip.
  • Take the dog’s paw in your hand and fix it securely.
  • Position the nail clipper at a 45 degree angle, carefully cut.
  • File nails to a smooth surface to prevent delamination.
  • Praise and reward your pet with a treat.

Some animals find it difficult to remain motionless for a long time. In such cases, the pet will need to be given a break to recuperate. Each time you will be able to cut more and more nails, and as a result, the whole procedure can be performed at one time.

Treatment of wounds

If you accidentally touch the pulp and bleeding begins, you should calm the animal, and then treat the wound:

How To Trim A Dog'S Claws At Home
  • Rinse the damaged area with hydrogen peroxide or iodine.
  • Apply a weak solution of potassium permanganate to a cotton pad or gauze cut and apply to the wound. Hold for at least a minute.
  • Press the powder to the tip of the nail and hold until the bleeding stops completely.

It is advisable not to let the dog near the water on this day, so that he does not bring infection into a fresh wound.

If you regularly trim your nails, the pulp gradually recedes, which simplifies the process and reduces the likelihood of injury to the animal. Sometimes the pet is given a sedative before the procedure or in case of serious damage to sensitive tissues. A veterinarian should be responsible for prescribing such drugs.

Why do you need a haircut?

The dog’s nails should be 2–8 mm apart from the floor on average. Excessive length of the claws will cause discomfort to the animal, provoke diseases of the claws and joints in animals. Therefore, dogs living in apartments, deprived of the ability to naturally grind their claws on hard surfaces, naturally have inconveniences associated with their growth. Long claws break off, often causing severe pain to the animal. In this case, an untreated wound often causes inflammation.

Running claws interfere with the dog’s movement, lead to joint deformities, and sometimes the spine and skeleton. In addition, the rudimentary process growing on the “fifth finger” of the hind limb twists and, cutting into the skin, causes acute pain to the animal.

Anatomical features of the claws

Before starting the procedure for trimming the dog’s claws, it will be useful to make sure to what type in their shape they belong. There are three types such as:

  • Nails curved, arched, moderately hard;
  • Straight lines (analogue of hares), more elongated than the first and often sharp;
  • Slightly curved, with slightly curved cat-like ends.

The device of all dog claws is fundamentally the same. From the outside, they are covered with a keratin sheath (visible part). The keratin coating is constantly growing and it is precisely this that needs to be trimmed. The inner part is called the claw bed, in which a blood vessel and nerve fibers are located, it is extremely undesirable to touch them during the cutting process. This can seriously injure the animal.

A feature of the claw vessel is that it develops along with the claw. The larger the claw, the longer and closer to the end of the claw the vessel becomes. This can be avoided by grooming your pet regularly. The cat’s claw vessel is clearly visible. With dogs, the situation is somewhat more complicated, since their claws can be light and dark. In the latter case, the vessel is practically invisible.

The claws should be trimmed 2-3 mm below the location of the vessel. Dark claws have to be shortened more carefully. no more than 0.5–0.7 mm in one “step”, so as not to accidentally harm the pet. Thus, the main goal in treating a dog’s claws is not to affect the inner content (claw bed) of the claw, otherwise the dog will experience pain. With constant care of your pet, the length of the nail pulp is shortened depending on the frequency of the procedure.

How to trim your dog’s nails at home?

  • Anatomical features of the claws
  • Why do you need a haircut?
  • How often to trim?
  • Required tools
  • How to choose a nail clipper?
  • Procedure execution
  • Problems
  • Possible errors and complications

Dog manicure is useful not only from the aesthetic side. This procedure is absolutely necessary from a medical point of view. The normal development of the claws of the animal preserves its health, contributing to the maintenance of the correct gait and positioning of the paws, the development of muscles, joints, spine and bones. Long claws interfere with the correct development of the dog, interfere with walking. The most serious deviations and diseases can be the result of this.

How often to trim?

Novice dog breeders are often interested in how often they need to cut their claws and whether there is a need to change the scissors for other devices. For proper care of the nail plates, they should be shortened at least once every 2 weeks.

Usually, experienced dog breeders will carry out the procedure based on the results of visual inspection and assessment of the size of the claws. The crux of the matter is that the growth rate of the plates depends on the breed of the animal, its size, loads and age. With frequent and intense walking of pets, the plates are grinded, so the trimming procedure is performed less often.

How to choose a nail clipper?

Experts recommend buying specialized pliers-nippers (clippers), structurally adapted specifically for dogs. At the same time, you should not choose models from the most affordable and cheapest products. If you value your dog’s health, then the tool must meet high quality requirements and meet the individual characteristics of the pet. Therefore, when choosing a nail clipper, you should be guided by the following recommendations:

  • Pay attention to the material from which the tool is made (best of all, steel or brass);
  • Structurally, the model must be cast, and its joints must be riveted;
  • The coating of the blades is better in the chrome version, otherwise the tool will begin to rust;
  • The handles of the product should be rubberized and comfortable, since the procedure is not quick, and bare metal is inconvenient;
  • It is desirable that the tool fully corresponds to the size of the claws and the characteristics of the breed.

Three types of claws are produced for small, medium and large dogs. Versatile devices are also produced, suitable for dogs of different sizes. However, they are not entirely reliable. Therefore, it is important to select a nail clipper, guided by the individual parameters of the animal.

Required tools

Traditional scissors or clippers for shortening the nails of dogs are not suitable because, especially in adults of large breeds, the nails are large and strong. An improperly selected tool can contribute to splitting or splitting of the claw. For these purposes, there are special claws, which are divided into the following groups:

  • Special scissors made of solid and durable metal with a reinforced structure;
  • Special nippers;
  • Guillotines.

The corresponding tools are made of high quality stainless steel or have a non-slip coating. It is better to choose handles that are ergonomic, comfortable, in order to prevent awkward movements and injuries. The blades must be sharpened to a high quality to avoid chipping, nicks and uneven edges. Often, the process of trimming claws with a nail clipper is replaced by grinding using a special grinding machine. Such machines, vibrating, make a lot of noise, which can frighten the animal more than any other instrument.

Sawdusting claws takes more time and patience than trimming, and not every animal can sit in one place for a long time. In addition, with this method, there is a possibility of the dog getting an injury to the pad, which is more dangerous than an injury from a nail clipper. For these reasons, preparing for circumcision requires a personal and thoughtful approach.

In addition to cutting tools, when caring for the claws, files will also be needed to smooth out the defects in the plates obtained during their trimming. Files are produced in manual and electric versions. Usually, electric devices are supplied with nozzles of various hardness, which are easily inserted into the rotating head of the device. It is convenient to use such a device by grinding the claws and giving them the required shape. The average price of a quality nail clipper ranges from 700-900 rubles. (there are models up to 2000 rubles).

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Problems

Problems that arise during the procedure for clipping claws in animals, as a rule, relate to two aspects:

  • The dog is afraid of the procedure, breaks loose, bites and does not allow him to do the necessary;
  • During the procedure, the dog suffered a dangerous injury.

To avoid problems, it is important to follow the following tips and rules:

  • You do not need to trim until you have examined the plate thoroughly; if the hairs interfere with the inspection, then they need to be cut;
  • If the animal is restless, then an assistant will not interfere; he should position himself behind the dog and securely hold its neck, fixing the head, and with the other hand you need to hold its limb; this method of holding a pet is reliable and is used in extreme cases, with excessive mobility of the animal;
  • It is important to teach your pet to this procedure from an early age. puppies are more likely to adapt to innovations;
  • The plates on the hind limbs are convenient to handle when the pet is lying; the dog should be laid on a flat surface and asked to hold it by someone;
  • You should not raise your voice during the procedure. the animal should feel completely safe;
  • A small hollow located on the lateral side can become a guide for the approximate location of the vessel in a dog with dark claws; experts advise focusing on it and trimming carefully, leaving a small margin;
  • The use of alcohol solutions, other alcohol-containing antiseptics for injury, increase the feeling of pain, which is why specialists prefer to treat wounds with special antiseptic powder;

Delayed squeezing of the claw cutter during the cutting process simultaneously with an accidental sharp jerk can lead to serious injury to the paw. tearing of the skin and soft tissues; in this case, the following should be followed:

  • The injured paw must be quickly bandaged with a bandage or tourniquet in the metatarsal area, raise the paw up to slow bleeding;
  • Apply cold, ice pack, food from the freezer to the injured paw;
  • Open wounds are best treated with lidocaine;
  • If the wound is significant, then the gap must be sutured, contacting a specialist for help;
  • You should not cut the plates at once to the entire possible length at a time. dark claws are cut by about 0.5 mm in 1 “step”, and when the cut becomes lighter, the trimming should be stopped;
  • Before applying ice to the wound, it must be put in a bag and wrapped with a thin cloth, which will save the animal from hypothermia; keep the cold on the injured limb for a long time.

Procedure execution

When accustoming your pet to claw trimming, you should start gradually, with one or two plates. The instruments used must be disinfected in advance. Before the procedure, it is advisable to give the pet the opportunity to sniff the instruments, get to know them. At home, properly trimming the claws of an animal, be it a puppy or an adult, means following a systematic, step-by-step instruction that provides the least protest of dogs of any breed.

  • Prepare all the tools and tools that may be needed during the trimming process. These include a nail clipper, a set of cotton swabs and cotton pads, and blood-stopping agents and antiseptic compounds. Dog treats should also be available to treat the animal in case it starts to worry.
  • Choose the right moment for trimming when it is more convenient to trim the claws of the animal. it is in a good mood or relaxed. If the pet is agitated, scared, or there are strangers in the apartment, the procedure should be abandoned.
  • The same applies to the choice of location. It is better to choose a comfortable sofa, armchair at home or sit on the floor. The place should be well lit. As a rule, it is more profitable to carry out pruning after an energetic walk, when the animal is inclined to rest and relaxation. Before that, the dog should be fed. You should not raise your voice to her, making you worry. The owner’s calmness is well transmitted to the pet.

When the preparatory stages are passed, you can proceed directly to the procedure, guided by the following recommendations:

  • If the breed of the dog is long-haired, then first you should remove the hairs in the area of ​​the claws, as well as rinse and thoroughly wipe the limbs;
  • Examine the paw and determine the place of the first incision;
  • Securely fix the selected claw with your fingers and determine the claw bed that cannot be touched;
  • Trim the claw to the length of the selected step, slightly higher than the nerves and blood vessel are located;
  • In the process and after cutting off a part of the claw, evaluate the behavior of the pet and treat him with a treat;
  • If the plate is cut unevenly, then you will have to file it and remove small burrs using a nail file, without stopping the soothing communication with the pet;
  • Perform the procedure first with the front, and then with the hind legs, doing this in two stages sequentially, but with a break;
  • If living tissue is affected, the animal should be reassured;
  • If during the procedure the pet shows excessive aggression, howls or moans strongly, then it is better to take him to the veterinarian or try again another time.

Possible errors and complications

Errors and complications during the procedure of clipping a dog’s claws are not so rare. Often they are associated with the behavioral characteristics of animals, and with the individual characteristics of the color and anatomical structure of the claws. In this context, it is important to consider a number of aspects.

  • If the claws of the animal are colored dark (black claws), which makes it difficult to trim the claws, you should consult a veterinarian. But it is better to visit him and observe his work, as an example for future independent work.
  • If the dog jerks violently and does not allow the procedure to be carried out, then it should be wrapped in a diaper (for small animals). Two people are involved in the procedure. one fixes the dog on his knees, the other releases his paw and starts a haircut.
  • If the pet breaks loose and whines, and at the same time its claw bed is clearly not touched, then the dog most likely has a high level of sensitivity. You can purchase a solution of lidocaine, which a few minutes before cutting the claws, treat the dog’s paw.
  • It is useful to record the dates of haircuts in a special dog grooming calendar. This will simplify the process of monitoring the procedures.
  • If the existing tool is not able to cope with the thickness of the claw, then you should try to remove the claw with a file.

Open wounds in dogs as a result of the procedures performed should be carefully avoided. If one nevertheless appeared and began to bleed, you cannot allow the pet to hide in a dark corner and self-medicate, licking its wound. The means necessary for the provision of medical care must be prepared in advance and be on hand. It can be a special styptic powder, cornstarch or just a bar of soap, hydrogen peroxide, chlorhexidine for wound disinfection, bandages or napkins.

If the injury is minor, then it is simply disinfected with peroxide or chlorhexidine. A special styptic pencil is often used, which is pressed against the damaged area of ​​the claw for a few seconds. The pencil helps to form a tight clot that prevents bleeding. In the course of providing first aid, it will not be superfluous to offer the pet some delicacy in order to distract it and prevent negative emotions from becoming attached to the claw cutting procedure.

Improper or careless care of the pet’s claws leads to a number of consequences, often extremely unpleasant.

  • The claw grows in. For example, an untreated “fifth toe” bends over and grows into the dog’s paw, causing severe pain. Such a claw, breaking the skin, contributes to the entry of infectious bacteria into the wound and the development of fungi. In pain, the animal cannot stand on its paw.
  • The claw bed (panaritium) becomes inflamed. Injuries to fingers, claws or adjacent tissues lead to this disease. At the site of inflammation, purulent swelling occurs. The animal’s body temperature rises, appetite decreases. Unpleasant odors emanate from the injured paw, the wound begins to fester intensively.
  • The claws break off, causing very painful conditions. This happens when the claw is too long, which, with sudden movements, clinging to the surface, can break off and disrupt the integrity of the blood vessel. This usually results in severe bleeding.

In some cases, dog owners can heal the emerging painful conditions on their own. So, with early inflammation of the claw bed, it is quite possible to regularly antiseptic wounds with a solution of chlorhexidine. In this case, it is useful to apply wound-healing dressings, which must be periodically changed and monitored for their safety. A special veterinary cap can be used until the wound has healed.

When caring for an animal, you should always remember that untimely or careless trimming of claws in animals is fraught with consequences such as:

  • Disorders in the development of joints;
  • Negative and irreversible changes in the position of the paws;
  • Deformation in the gait and, as a result, in the pet’s spine;
  • Constant pain;
  • Long-term illnesses.
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Sometimes, in order to save the life of a pet, you have to do claw removal operations. These indications include the following:

  • Ingrown claws. complicated cases;
  • Incorrect development of the claw, fused claws;
  • The emergence of gangrene and other serious consequences;
  • Serious injury and inflammation, frostbite and burns;
  • Oncological processes.

And also remove the so-called wolf’s claw (“dewclaw”). rudimentary claws. Operations are in accordance with breed standards. In developed countries, the operation is condemned by human rights defenders.

For how to trim your dog’s nails at home, see the following.

Training

Trimming your dog’s nails at home should be taken very seriously. Inappropriate actions can cause harm, both physical and mental.

A few days before you plan on grooming, start building tactile contact with your pet. Teach him not to be afraid of your touch on the paws, on the pads. Squat down next to the dog several times a day to be about the same level with him. Stroke your paws, while playing, take them in your hands, touch the pads and claws. The dog should not feel danger from such touching.

Choose a moment when the animal is calm, well-fed and happy. Before you start cutting claws, you need to satisfy all the pet’s needs. to walk it. A dog that is tired after a walk will react more calmly. This is especially true for active breeds and puppies. Try to provide a comfortable environment for the dog, pet, talk, calm down, and only then go directly to the procedure.

Do all dogs need to trim their nails?

Yes, almost all dogs need to have their nails cut. Small breeds (Yorkshire Terrier, Chihuahua, Spitz, French Bulldog, Pug, Papillon, etc.) spend most of their lives in the arms of their owners or on cushions. Therefore, cutting their nails should become an obligatory and regular procedure for them. This rule applies to medium-sized dogs (poodle, basset hound, boxer, etc.). The only exception can be very active dogs, spending several hours every day on the street, running on a hard asphalt surface and thus grinding their claws.

Tool for clipping dog nails

Tools are divided into:

  • Special scissors made of solid metal of reinforced construction;
  • Nippers;
  • Guillotines.

The larger your pet, the larger the tool should be. For small breeds, specialized scissors are also suitable, but for large dogs it is better to choose guillotines.

Dog nail clippers should be of good stainless or coated metal. The handles should be ergonomic (comfortable in the hand), rubberized or with any non-slip coating to avoid accidental movements and thus injuries. Special attention should be paid to the quality of sharpening. The blades must be absolutely sharp, with smooth edges, without chips or notches, capable of cutting off a thick claw in one motion.

Typewriter

Instead of clippers, you can try using a nail sander. But this tool also has its drawbacks. The machine makes noise, which can irritate the dog. Claw sawdust takes much longer than pruning and not every dog ​​is able to sit still for that long. There is a risk of injury to the pad. And this is a much more serious and longer healing injury than from a claw. If there is an opportunity to purchase both, you can practically understand which method is more suitable for your dog. In any case, the choice of tool is entirely yours.

And here are some examples of such machines:

Why cut a dog’s claws

Dogs living in houses and apartments are deprived of the natural ability to grind their claws on hard surfaces. Even long walks on asphalt paths and sidewalks do not give the desired effect. Claws grow, causing a lot of discomfort and inconvenience to the animal.

Too long claws can break off. sometimes very hard, causing pain to the dog. And sometimes a little, completely imperceptible, which is also dangerous, since an untreated wound can cause serious inflammation.

Growing claws interfere with walking, which over time can lead to deformation of the joints of the paws, spine and the entire skeleton. The rudimentary claw growing on the “fifth toe” of the hind paw tends to curl, digging into the dog’s skin and causing it severe pain.

Long claws can break and flake off. In the process of communicating and playing with the owners, and especially with children, the dog can do harm. severely scratch with sharp broken claws. In the same way, an animal can inadvertently ruin furniture or flooring, things. In addition to physical and aesthetic inconveniences, the dog will constantly annoy with strong “clatter” on the floor.

How to properly trim a dog’s nails with a nail clipper at home, why you need it and how often to do it

Dogs of all breeds and sizes, and even domesticated mongrels, need constant and careful grooming. The owner must know: what to feed his pet, how to properly monitor the coat and health, how to trim the claws of a dog with a claw cutter so as not to harm her. And why is it needed, how often to carry out the procedure at home and the rules for first aid in case of injury.

First aid

Unfortunately, no one is immune from injury, especially novice dog owners. Your hand trembled, the dog jerked sharply, or the cut length was incorrectly calculated and your pet will need help. That is why the materials necessary for its provision must also be prepared in advance and be at hand. This can be a special styptic powder, regular cornstarch or a simple bar of soap, hydrogen peroxide or chlorhexidine to disinfect a wound, bandages or napkins.

If after cutting the claws the dog bleeds, do not let the pet escape and run away from you. Try to calm him down, stroke, pat on the chest (this is the center of pleasure in a dog). At the same time, start very gently dusting the wound with powder or rubbing with a cotton swab until the bleeding stops. If you are using starch, sprinkle on the wound, as rubbing can aggravate the situation and cause even more harm.

For minor damage, you can simply disinfect the wound with peroxide or chlorhexidine. You can also use a styptic pencil, which is pressed against the affected area of ​​the claw for a few seconds and forms a dense clot that prevents further bleeding.

During first aid, offer the dog something tasty, try to distract him from what is happening as much as possible so that negative emotions do not get attached to the clipping process. Try to keep the dog calm and quiet for 15-20 minutes, so as not to provoke repeated bleeding.

How to trim your dog’s nails at home

You can start with one or two claws a day. Prepare and be sure to disinfect the instrument in advance so that it is ready at hand. It’s good if the pet has the opportunity to get to know him, sniff and examine him in advance. Only after that you can proceed directly to the procedure:

  • In the process of communicating with the dog, take its paw in your hand, hold it tightly, but not too much. you should not hurt the dog or make it feel the threat of violent actions on your part. With your thumb and forefinger, fix the dog’s finger on which you are going to cut the claw, lightly press.
  • Avoid touching the area between your dog’s toes. She might not like it.
  • Disinfect your nails to avoid contamination in case of unexpected complications when cutting.
  • Determine the approximate length to be cut. Do not hurry. It is better to cut a little less than necessary. This will help you be sure not to damage the blood vessel. Cut off the folded part first. The almost correct lightened oval shape of the cut will mean that there is a living part further away and you can no longer cut it.
  • Take the tool and cut to the required length with one precise, short press.
  • It is necessary to cut at an angle of 45 ° from top to bottom. To avoid delamination and creases, always cut perpendicular to the growth line, taking care not to have sharp corners.
  • First process the cut with a coarse file and, if necessary, with a fine.
  • If the dog remains calm, the procedure can be continued. If the pet got nervous, scared, began to struggle, release it and try to calm it down. Talk to him affectionately, suggest some delicacy. Try to continue.
  • It is more convenient to trim the nails on the hind legs when the dog is lying down. Lay it down on a made table or sofa and have someone hold it.

It’s okay if you first cut one claw a day. Next time, you may be able to trim 2-3 at a time. The dog will get used to it over time, and the whole procedure will take about 10 minutes. The main thing is that your pet fully trusts you, and that the procedure does not associate him with painful sensations and fear.

How to train your dog for the procedure

It is necessary to teach your pet to trim the claws from an early age. Over time, the dog will get used to manipulation, will not be afraid of them, and it will take you a minimum of time. If the dog is not familiar with the procedure and does not understand what you want from him, he may get nervous, break free, show aggression.