It so happens that the owner found a tick and removed it from the pet himself. However, if the parasite has already managed to bite the cat, then within 2-3 weeks it can still get sick.
Therefore, during this period, it is very important to continue to monitor the condition of the pet. If you find the following symptoms, you should immediately contact your veterinarian:
- increased body temperature in a pet;
- decreased appetite or even refusal to eat;
- sudden sudden weight loss;
- lethargy, drowsiness, apathy, fatigue;
- cough, shortness of breath;
- pallor of the mucous membranes (normally they are pink, and with a tick bite they can turn white or gray);
- yellowness of the skin;
- there is a pinkish tint of urine and blood in it;
- skin irritation, itching.
It seems to some that if their pets move exclusively around the apartment and do not leave its limits, then they are safe. However, this is a delusion: a tick can attack an animal at home. over, there are several options for how this happens. Cat owners need to know about them to protect their pet.
Diseases of cats caused by subcutaneous mites
Subcutaneous mites in a cat most often cause demodicosis, or red scabies. The main symptoms are itching and hair loss. There are 2 forms of this disease. In the first case, ticks affect one specific area of the body, for example, the eyes, ears or neck. And this is an easier form. In the second variant, the parasites spread throughout the body, and the disease is much harder for the animals.
Notoedrosis Is another disease that subcutaneous ticks cause in cats. It is characterized by dermatitis, hair loss, and itchy scalp.
When otodectosis mites affect the inside of the ear, causing the animal to have a constant urge to itch.
From sarcoptic mange, first of all, the muzzle of the animal, nose and forehead are affected. Subsequently, the disease spreads to the entire body. Due to the strongest itching, the pet cannot calm down, and quickly enough it develops nervous and physical exhaustion.
To summarize, the subcutaneous tick in cats manifests itself as follows:
- itching, the cat constantly itches;
- baldness of the animal in some places;
- the emergence of “demodectic glasses”. hair loss around the eyes;
- hairless areas often turn red and become covered with abscesses;
- the cat begins to smell bad and looks unkempt;
- the animal loses its appetite;
- pet noticeably loses weight.
Types of ticks
There are several types of ticks in cats. They need to be known and distinguished in order to understand what is happening to the pet, how to protect it from each specific parasite and how to help if the cat does get sick.
Ixodid tick. Perhaps the most famous and the first who come to mind when it comes to ticks. They do not belong to insects, as many believe, but to arachnids. And they look like them. They can be brown or dark (almost black) with or without a different pattern on the back. By themselves, ixodid ticks do not exceed 5 mm, but as they become saturated with blood, they can increase almost 3 times. up to 1.5 cm.At the same time, they also change their color: they become lighter and acquire a red, pink or gray tint. Most often they get on the animal when walking in parks, fields or in the forest, but there is a chance to bring it home on clothes or shoes.
Ear mite. This tick is not easy to notice. Its size is only 0.3-0.5 mm. He has an elongated oval body of a yellowish color. It can only be seen under a microscope. If you look into a cat’s ear, where this parasite has settled, without special equipment, it may seem that it is just dirty. However, when infected with ear mites, the following symptoms also appear:
- the cat is restless, nervous;
- the pet is constantly trying to shake something off its head;
- the pet rubs his head against various objects, scratches behind the ear;
- wounds appear in the auricle, and subsequently suppuration occurs;
- a brown crust appears near the ears. This is the result of dried up secretions from the ear canal of a cat, mixed with the waste products of parasites.
Subcutaneous mite. This type of tick has an elongated and translucent body and looks more like a worm. It is also small in size. up to 0.2-0.5 mm, so it is impossible to see it with the naked eye. He lives mainly in the hair follicle, sweat and salivary glands. It occurs infrequently, it is safe for humans and, with a weak invasion and timely treatment, almost does not harm the pet’s health.
How to understand that a cat has a tick
Ticks are one of the most common problems faced by both outdoor animals and pets. But there are reliable preventive measures that will help protect the animal from ticks. After all, these invertebrates can cause very serious harm to the health of the pet, and the owner takes a lot of effort, time and money to treat a fluffy pet.
What is the danger of a tick bite for cats
By itself, an ordinary tick does not pose a danger to the animal: it drinks a little blood, and the wound from it quickly overgrows. The harm to the pet is caused by portable infections and protozoan parasites that enter the pet’s body directly with a tick bite and have a detrimental effect on health.
So, ticks in cats can cause the following diseases:
- Hemobartonellosis is an infectious disease, the characteristic symptoms of which are anemia, lethargy, fatigue, loss of appetite, rapid heart rate and breathing. It appears within two weeks after infection. It is not dangerous for a person.
- Theileriosis is an infectious disease that affects internal organs, bone marrow and red blood cells. It is rare, but very dangerous: 5-20 days after infection, it can be fatal. Harmless to humans.
- Borreliosis, or Lyme disease, is a bacterial disease that is transmitted mainly through the ixodid tick. It is expressed in loss of appetite, lameness, fever, lethargy. There are times when the disease is asymptomatic. An infected animal is not dangerous to humans, but the owner can get sick if he is bitten by a tick.
- Allergy is a common but still poorly understood disease. The immune system begins to perceive some substances in the body as hostile and promotes the active production of special antibodies. immunoglobulins E, which protect the skin and mucous membranes from external dangers. Therefore, signs of allergy are rashes, inflammation, redness, itching, nasal discharge, watery eyes. Not transmitted to humans from animals.
- Tularemia is a disease, the main symptoms of which are fever, general weakness, loss of appetite, damage to internal organs and inflammation of the lymph nodes. If left untreated, it threatens the death of the pet. From a sick animal is transmitted to humans.
Treatment and prevention methods
In order for a pet to remain healthy and happy, each owner must know how to fight ticks and follow all possible preventive measures.
Treatment for ticks in cats is as follows:
The main preventive measures are as follows:
- Check your pet regularly. In the spring-summer period, when ixodid ticks are most active, it is recommended to do this daily. Most often, parasites choose places behind the ears, in the groin area, on the chest and neck.
- If the animal walks on the street, then you should purchase special drops, a collar or sprays from ticks and other parasites. Important: each of these funds has its own expiration date, after which, firstly, it is prohibited to use it, and secondly, it simply loses its properties and becomes useless. Therefore, it is imperative to check the expiration date of the drug and buy a new one as needed.
- Monitor the nutrition and general health of the pet, minimize stress so as not to weaken the body’s immune system.
- Learn about tick removal methods and purchase the tools you need.
Every owner can face the appearance of ticks in his pet. And it’s not so scary if you take action in time. To do this, a caring and responsible owner must follow simple recommendations: regularly examine the pet during stroking, monitor changes in its behavior and appearance, and use special preparations during the season of greatest tick activity. And then, in the event of a tick bite, he will be able to quickly help his pet and minimize the consequences of infection.
How does the infection take place
Subcutaneous ticks in cats can be successfully cured if you receive comprehensive specialist assistance in a timely manner. It is important to understand that any animal is at risk, because infection occurs not only from a sick pet, but also through land or water. Parasites successfully live in soil, water bodies and on the body of other animals.
It cannot be assumed that a cat is completely safe from infection, even if it never leaves the house and does not come into contact with other animals. After all, microorganisms parasitizing on the skin successfully enter the premises along with the owner’s outdoor shoes. Also, the parasite can be on the clothes of a person if he has come into contact with a sick cat. Thus, the pet can become infected.
Ticks are so small that the human eye cannot detect them. The problem manifests itself only when the animal begins to itch, bald patches form and small bumps on the skin are felt. Do not rely on washing things. Parasites survive in extreme conditions, and only open fire can destroy them.
Subcutaneous ticks in cats are becoming a big problem. Treatment is meant to be complex and begins with therapeutic baths. The veterinarian usually recommends specialized products that are designed to cleanse the skin and coat of the animal. “Elite” or “Doctor”. After bathing, all crusts must be well cleaned and disinfected with Chlorhexidine. It is allowed to replace the agent with hydrogen peroxide. After processing, it is necessary to let the crusts dry well.
This treatment will cleanse the skin of scabs. The veterinarian then examines the cat again and prescribes one of the following medications:
It is possible that the specialist will also recommend using sulfuric ointment. In addition to agents that have a local effect, drugs will be required to increase immunity. It can be. “Immunol” or “Maxidin”. If a subcutaneous tick is detected in cats on time, the treatment has a favorable outcome.
If the disease has already spread to large areas of the skin, then treatment will be much more difficult. It does not always lead to a positive result. All veterinarians agree that the animal needs to be trimmed first. This is done in order to accurately determine the sites of skin lesions by parasites and to facilitate the treatment with ointments.
Quite a long time and it is difficult to destroy the generalized subcutaneous tick in cats. Symptoms and treatment in this case do not change dramatically, but require additional medications. To begin with, a schema is assigned, as with a localized form. After that, the cat will need injections from a subcutaneous tick, because this form often causes complications. The solution “Cidectin” is used for injections.
For effective treatment, antibiotic therapy is prescribed in a mandatory manner. Veterinarians may prescribe one of the following medications:
It is important after the course to maintain the health of the cat and restore its immune forces. Ligfol is well suited for this. The vitamin-mineral complex is also a mandatory item in the treatment of the generalized form of a subcutaneous tick.
It is important to understand that if the disease has spread to many parts of the body, then the veterinarian should prescribe the treatment. All procedures can be carried out at home, but a specialist must control the process. Only a doctor can prescribe how to treat a subcutaneous tick in cats, as well as choose the right drugs. Often drugs that work for one cat may not work for another cat at all.
Demodectic mange is not detected during routine examination. The doctor can only make a guess and prescribe several tests. To do this, you need to take a scraping at a suspicious place and carefully examine it under a microscope. Only after the final diagnosis is made, the specialist will prescribe the appropriate treatment, which will depend on the form of demodicosis.
Symptoms of the disease
It is important for all tetrapod lovers to know what a subcutaneous tick in cats is, the symptoms and treatment required in this case. The disease is dangerous because it is difficult to notice it right away. When visible symptoms appear, the parasites are already attacking most of the body. Therefore, for any suspicion of demodicosis, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian. The longer the tick parasitizes on the skin of the animal, the more it affects the decrease in immunity. This leads to the fact that cats start to get sick often. The first symptoms that should alert the owner are the following:
Cat Care. Checking for Ticks
- The wool has rubbed off its former shine and silkiness.
- The skin around the eyes turned red and began to peel off. Dandruff may occur.
- Constant itching forces the pet to pull out shreds of fur and itch with claws and teeth.
- Wool can fall out on its own in whole bunches.
- On the skin, you can find small growths that protrude slightly above the surface.
- Pustules appear on bald areas. The ichor gradually begins to ooze.
Danger to humans
It is worth taking special care when treating a sick pet, because there is a risk of getting inflammation if the owner of the animal has wounds or abrasions on the skin. Many are interested in whether a subcutaneous tick in cats is transmitted to humans or not.
This creature is parasitic only on cats. People sometimes suffer from a similar form of demodicosis, but it is caused by a completely different mite that constantly lives in the sebaceous ducts of a person. It activates its activity with a decrease in the immune system of its host. This disease has no connection with animals. However, there is a risk that a cat mite will cause an allergic reaction in a person.
Many people mistakenly believe that the tick does no harm to the cat, other than constant itching. But this position is not correct. Parasites may well be carriers of many dangerous diseases. Mites can not only crawl under the skin, causing severe discomfort, but also in the ears, which leads to hearing problems.
It is important to understand what a subcutaneous tick looks like in cats. This is necessary in order to seek timely help and appropriate treatment. In order not to fight the disease, it is easier to prevent it. The main means of prevention is the treatment of the pet with antiparasitic drugs that get rid of ticks and fleas. It is also necessary to give medicines for worms and make sure that the pet’s nutrition is complete and balanced.
It is better to limit contact with animals whose health conditions are of concern. Back-up is much easier than subsequent treatment for demodicosis. It is also important to maintain your pet’s immune strength if it is often sick. Your veterinarian can advise you on the medications you need.
Quite an unpleasant and difficult to treat disease. subcutaneous tick in cats. It is important to notice the symptoms as soon as possible, because the prognosis significantly depends on the form of the disease.
The problem of demodicosis is not only the complexity of the diagnosis and the forthcoming treatment. The disease brings discomfort to the animal and many unpleasant minutes. The skin constantly itches, the cat tears it apart with its claws and introduces a secondary infection into the wounds. Pustules appear, undermined immunity does not allow to successfully fight the disease, therefore side diseases may join.
What to do and how to treat if you see a tick in a cat
A cat that “walks by itself” has the most chances to bring an unwanted tenant. a tick. on the coat. over, he can cling to the fur not only in the park or in the forest, but even in the grass near the house. Therefore, immediately after the walk, until the arachnid has managed to find a habitat on the skin, it is imperative to examine the animal’s fur coat.
Removing the tick
The procedure is started immediately, because the health of the cat with every minute of being on the skin of the parasite is in increasing danger, the risk of infection. In the absence of a special tool for extraction, they use improvised means: oil (olive, machine, sunflower), a strong thick thread or tweezers, a surgical clamp.
The owner of the cat should always have a special tool for removing ticks at hand.
The procedure is carried out with rubber gloves. You need to try not to crush the bug, not to leave its head or legs in the wound. You need to act like this:
- oil is applied to the skin with the mite and to its torso;
- kept for 5-10 minutes so that the parasite weakened from lack of oxygen, blocked under an oil film;
- wrapped around the skin itself with a thread for the head or jaw;
- slightly swinging the thread, at the same time lightly pulling it and twisting it.
- the fallen tick should be placed in a container with alcohol or burned;
- treat the bite site with iodine, alcohol.
- if the cat is bitten by a tick, inject immunoglobulin to boost immunity.
- In case of deterioration of the animal’s condition or incomplete extraction of the parasite, take it to a doctor for examination.
How is a subcutaneous tick treated??
The therapy is long-term. It should be comprehensive. It is prescribed only after an accurate diagnosis has been established. For this, laboratory studies of scraping from an infected site are carried out to identify the type of tick. The lesions are treated with oil. It should be completely absorbed by the skin, which will take about 3-4 hours. The situation should be monitored so that the animal does not lick the lesions. Then, as directed by the veterinarian, the medicine is applied to the wounds. It can be one of the ointments: “Safroderm”, “Amitrazin”, etc. When the disease is advanced, ivermectin is injected subcutaneously. At the same time, immunity is strengthened by introducing vitamin preparations into the menu (ligfol).
Carefully monitor the condition of the furry pet’s skin
Scabies in cats (causative agent)
Scabies is caused by a tick that cannot be detected with the naked eye (photo of adults below). And his bite is not noticeable. The existence on the body is evidenced by the reddening of the skin, the restless behavior of the animal. The most accurate analysis is diagnostics. Affects the Notoedres cati scabies mite and ears. The cat, as if trying to shake off the bloodsucker, constantly shakes its head, combs its ear and presses it.
The scabies mite in cats is treated in the early stages with insecticide-acaricidal drops, observing the order:
- the auricle is cleaned with an ear stick moistened with camphor alcohol;
- the drug (“Oktovedin”, “Demos”, “Okotan”) is instilled in 3 drops in each ear;
- Konkov (Wilkinson’s) ointment on an acaricidal basis is applied to the edge of the skin around the entire lesion.
When most of the body (abdomen, groin) is affected, the lymph nodes become inflamed, and baldness occurs. Home treatment is done as directed by your veterinarian. BlokhNet max (drops on the withers), repeated bathing using acaricidal shampoo, therapy with antiparasitic injections, vitamins.
In such a situation, serious therapy will be required, otherwise the animal will die.
Subcutaneous parasite: what hurts the cat?
Demodex, glandular or ear mite. this is another name for the subcutaneous mite. On a beloved animal, there are two types of it. The most “harmless” is Demodex cati. Its habitat is wool follicles. The tick does not cause discomfort, so the cat does not feel any discomfort. Demodex gatoi is another matter. Parasitizing under the skin, it lives off its cells. It also lays eggs there. As a result, itching occurs, the animal loses weight, becomes irritable. The subcutaneous tick in cats primarily affects the ears, forehead, eyes, mouth, and nose. With a severe form of the disease, the paws, sides, and neck suffer.
The mite inflicts great suffering on the animal
Symptoms of defeat
- Combed areas, peeling of the skin.
- Local baldness.
- Possible fever, discoloration of urine.
- Fading skin shine.
- Increased thirst against a background of decreased appetite.
- Discoloration of the lining of the eyes (pallor).
- Lumpy lumpy formations on the skin, from which, with light pressure, thick contents are released.
Note! You can make sure of the presence of a subcutaneous mite yourself if you collect the skin on the cat’s withers with an “accordion”. Before that, it is advisable to cut it off. With light squeezing on both sides with your fingers, a small tick (0.3-0.4 mm) is pushed out, it remains to pick up the parasite with tweezers.
It is important to know. where to look
Pay special attention to the places behind the ears, under the legs, on the thighs, in the abdomen. During the examination, there are brown “skinny” parasites (ixodid ticks) that have not had time to suck blood, reaching 5 mm. A cat tick, which is saturated with blood, has a completely different species. Looks like a grain of rice or a seed of pink or burgundy, about 1.5 cm in size.
Attention! Timely detection of the parasite and its removal from the animal’s fur or skin before it starts drinking blood excludes infection. This is due to the fact that saliva does not penetrate the wound and does not infect it.
If an arthropod is found, measures must be taken to retrieve it as soon as possible. This is best done in a veterinary clinic. In the absence of such an opportunity, it is imperative to know how to remove a tick from a cat on your own, having done it correctly.
Tick infestation routes
Blood-sucking parasites live on the ground and in the grass, as well as on wild and domestic animals, so a cat can “catch” a tick in various ways:
- while walking outside, in a park or forest;
- when communicating with a sick animal;
- through contaminated objects: dishes, rugs, etc.;
- from his own owner, who can bring the “bloodsucker” into the house on his clothes.
Even domestic cats that have never been outdoors can become infected with these parasites. Signs of a tick in a cat are manifested in a change in its behavior and general health, so the owner should periodically examine his pet for the presence of parasites among the wool, ears and other parts of the body.
The danger for the animal after the attack of “bloodsuckers” is that they not only cause trouble, clinging to the skin and sucking blood, but also often carry infections, causing serious illness in pets.
Description of the parasite and its variety
Ticks (Acari. lat.) Belong to small arthropods of the subclass of arachnids. Their main diet: decaying organic matter, vegetable juices and small brethren. Habitat: grass, leaves of shrubs and trees, buds, skin of animals and birds, where they find food in the form of blood, lymph and epithelial particles.
Not all pet owners know that cats have ticks not only those that can cling to wool in the forest or outdoors, but also subcutaneous ticks that live in the upper layers of the epidermis or in the ear canal. Therefore, it is necessary to talk about all the diversity of species, of which there are more than 1000 in the world.
The most common types of ticks in cats and cats are:
- ixodid or forest, which can be carriers of infectious diseases that are dangerous to both humans and animals;
- subcutaneous or scabies, causing various diseases of the epidermis;
- ear, settling in the ear canal of a cat or cat.
Demodexes or hair mites live in small numbers in the upper layers of the skin and follicles at the base of the hair in areas of minimal pubescence: head, paws, neck, and around the eyes. The parasites feed on dead particles of the epidermis and can exist for many years without causing any harm to the animal.
Initially, Demodex was called an eyelash or eye mite, which parasitized livestock, and then passed on to pets and humans. This name was given for the fact that parasites infect not only the skin, but also settle on the eyelashes near the eyes.
Signs of the disease appear only during the period of decreased immunity in a pet in the form of the following symptoms:
- the animal is nervous because of severe itching, constantly tries to itch;
- in the affected areas, the coat becomes thin, baldness is possible;
- scratches appear on the skin until blood, crusts, blisters with pus.
Diseases caused by subcutaneous mites and their symptoms:
- Demodecosis. affects the upper layers of the skin, causing constant itching and allergic reactions, degeneration and scarring on the surface of the epidermis.
- Feline scabies or notoedrosis is manifested by the formation of sores on the skin and large fistulas that begin in the head area and then spread down the body, leading to severe itching and baldness. Clipping mites can be transmitted to humans and other animals.
- Heiletiellosis (walking dandruff). looks like profuse dandruff with a mass of microscopic mites, when moving which gives the impression of stirring (hence the name). Its signs are scaly nodules on the skin of the back, hair loss. The disease is contagious to humans.
- Sarcoptic mange or itchy scabies. manifests itself at first on the cat’s face, then affecting the whole body, is expressed in the formation of scabs and crusts, which is accompanied by intolerable itching. Sarcoptic mites in cats are intradermal parasites, infection occurs through objects and through contact with sick animals.
Having determined the presence of subcutaneous mites by characteristic symptoms, treatment is carried out only after the correct diagnosis and tests done in a veterinary clinic. Usually, scrapings of the affected epithelium are taken, allowing you to accurately establish the type of parasite.
Treatment depends on the severity of the disease: milder forms often self-heal by improving the pet’s immunity after establishing proper nutrition and caring for.
If the disease is started, then the following procedures are used to cure:
- Baths with keratological shampoos.
- The hair is trimmed in the damaged areas, and then treated with acaricidal preparations: ointments and drops Fungin (solution cost 150-160 rubles, spray about 300 rubles), Iruksovetin (price 370-400 rubles), Safroderm, Amitrazin.
- Bacterial complications have to be treated with a course of antibiotics prescribed by a doctor.
- Vitamins and supplements: Ligfol is a drug for stimulating regenerative processes in the body of animals, improving immunity, accelerating wound healing (price per 100 ml about 1800 rubles).
- Ivermectin is given subcutaneously to treat fungal infections. The price of a medicine and its analogues depends on the volume of liquid for injection and ranges from 200 to 1500 rubles.
- It is imperative to treat all animals that have been in contact with the diseased.
- Sick cat quarantine lasts 30 days.
- Disinfection of the room and care items is carried out using the disinfection of the room and care items using an acaricidal preparation (Delta Zone, etc.)
Ixodid tick: what it looks like and how to remove it
These parasites are most common in the warm season from spring to early autumn. The size of a forest tick is 3-4 mm, outwardly it looks like a small spider of gray-brown color, has a chitinous shell. When it gets on the wool, it does not immediately bite into the skin, but can crawl for 2-3 hours, choosing a suitable place for “lunch”. Therefore, a hungry gray or white mite can be seen between the hairs when it is in search and try to catch it.
After sucking and saturation with blood, the parasite sharply increases to 1.5 cm and acquires a red-brown or gray shade of the body, as can be seen in the photo of a tick in a cat.
Animals can easily “pick up” parasites while walking in the park, where there are various plants. Most often, “bloodsuckers” stick in those places that are inaccessible to the cat, which is why she cannot remove them on her own: on the neck, belly, behind the ears, at the withers, in the groin and in the armpits.
How to tell if your cat has fleas: 8 telltale signs
The maximum activity of ixodid ticks: spring and autumn, it is during this period that they are hungry and angry.
The mouth apparatus of the tick contains a proboscis, with which it pierces the skin and firmly clings to it, injecting anesthetic saliva. The cat does not feel the moment of the bite, and only after a few hours, and sometimes days, it can be detected. The longer the parasite drinks blood, the more and the harder it is to remove.
The danger of ixodid tick bites for animals lies in their ability to carry severe viral infections that penetrate through saliva injected under the skin.
Dangerous infections and possible consequences:
- Piroplasmosis. causes a decrease in red blood cells in the blood, which leads to intoxication of the sick pet’s body, which manifests itself in an increase in temperature, lethargy, refusal to eat, without timely treatment, a fatal outcome is possible.
- Hemobartonellosis is a form of infectious anemia that causes a chronic disease of internal organs.
- Theileriosis or hemosporidiosis. affects the circulatory system, provoking hemorrhages, which can lead to blockage of blood vessels and death of the pet.
- Tularemia. leads to damage to the lymph, intoxication and blood poisoning, possibly fatal.
- Also, ticks spread the eggs of worms, which enter the animal’s body through saliva.
What to do if a cat has a tick
It is easiest to find a “bloodsucker” among the cat’s hair when the tick has stuck to the skin and has increased in size. It must then be removed as quickly as possible to try to avoid infection.
- The owner should wear rubber gloves to avoid direct contact, be sure to wash your hands after the procedure.
- Do not drip oil on the parasite, so as not to accelerate the spread of the infection.
- It is necessary to remove the entire ixodic tick from the cat, for which special tweezers Tik Twister are used, with which the parasite is captured, and then twisted clockwise.
- Twisting thread can break or damage the tick.
- If the head of the parasite remains under the skin, then the wound must be treated with an antiseptic to avoid infection.
- If you suspect an infection: a tick, put in a glass container, can be taken to a laboratory or clinic for analysis for infection.
- To destroy the pulled out parasite, they put it in a jar of alcohol, and do not crush it, because they are very tenacious, and even after being flushed down the toilet they can survive, thanks to the “air bag”.
What to do and how to treat a tick in a cat or cat
Tick infestation is one of the most common parasitic diseases in felines. Therefore, every pet owner, when a tick is found in a cat or cat, should know all the nuances: what variety it belongs to, methods of removal, symptoms of probable infection and methods of treatment.
Ear mite in a cat
Otodectic mange or ear scabies is caused by the settlement of the microscopic mites Notoedres cati in the ear canal of a cat. The main symptoms of the disease: the animal feels discomfort, anxiety, shakes its head and scratches its ears.
When examining the ear canal, dried brown crusts are noticeable, which are the product of the vital activity of a large number of cat ear mites, and there is also a characteristic odor.
With the timely detection of the disease, the treatment of ticks in cats at home is as follows:
- Mechanical cleaning and removal of crusts from the ears of a pet using disinfectant solutions: Furacilin, Camphor alcohol, diluted hydrogen peroxide.
- Immunomodulatory drugs and vitamins.
- Instilling therapeutic drops into the cat’s ear canal, followed by massaging to distribute them over the auricle: Tsipam (price 140-150 rubles), Otoferonol (90-110 rubles).
- Some veterinarians prescribe a one-time tick injection to a cat in the form of an injection of Ivermek (the price depends on the packaging of the drug. from 90 rubles), which has an antihelminthic and arachno-entomocidal effect, causing a quick therapeutic effect, for cats, the dosage should be selected based on the weight: 0.1 ml for 5 kg.
- Skin treatment with Wilkinson’s ointment (price about 40 rubles) on an acaricidal basis.
Medicines for the treatment of ticks
The fight against ear mites is usually long and takes about a month, but even if the main symptoms go away, the procedures should be continued for another week.
For the entire period of treatment, to facilitate care and to prevent scratching of the ears, a special collar should be put on the cat, which will help speed up the healing process.
With an advanced disease, not only the ear concha and eardrum, but also the meninges can be affected, otitis media with purulent discharge progresses, which will have a negative effect on hearing and can cause the death of the animal.
Traditional methods of treating ear mites in cats are used at the initial stage of the disease in the absence of severe scratching. To cleanse the ear canals, you can use herbal infusions according to the following recipes:
- green tea tincture is prepared from 2 tsp. large-leaf dry mass in a glass of boiling water, after cooling, instill 2-3 drops. in both ears for 30-45 days;
- almond oil. used after cleansing: drip and massage each ear;
- ointment from 3 tbsp. l. vegetable oil and ½ a clove of garlic are used to lubricate the cat’s ear canals every day, but on rare occasions this can cause allergies.