How to identify rabies
The manifestation of rabies in dogs can be determined by the fact that she looks thin, she has drooling from the mouth, a protruding tongue is noticeable, squint and corneal opacity develop.
As the disease progresses, paralysis of the hind limbs develops, and then the heart and respiratory muscles, which is why the animal dies.
It is necessary to differentiate rabies with the nervous form of plague, with encephalitis and Aujeszky’s disease. Canine distemper also manifests itself as paralysis and epileptic seizures, but when it develops, paralysis of the muscles of the lower jaw never occurs. And with rabies, there is no conjunctivitis and rhinitis.
Aujeszky’s disease or pseudo-rage is characterized by the presence of pronounced itching and scratching, death occurs in a short period. in 2-3 days. In Aujeszky’s disease, dogs have aggression towards objects and oncoming animals, but no aggression directed at people.
The manic stage also lasts up to three days.
- Apathy gives way to aggression, the animal can attack its owner, violently grab the objects around it with its mouth.
- The grasping movements are very strong, which often leads to a fracture of the jaws.
- Breaking off the leash, a dog can run a considerable distance, biting and infecting other animals along the way. Characteristically, a dog with rabies attacks silently, without prior barking.
- Signs of paralysis of the larynx are possible. the animal makes sounds more like a howl.
- Noticeably heavy, frothy drooling.
- Attacks of violence are replaced by apathy, but any external irritation can again lead to sharp aggression.
The violent form of the disease
The violent form of the disease lasts from 5 to 11 days and is divided into three stages:
Symptoms, signs of rabies
Dogs have violent, quiet, recurrent and abortive rabies.
The incubation period of rabies in dogs
The causative agent of the disease is a neurotropic virus that affects the brain. The incubation period for the development of the virus reaches three months.
In an outwardly healthy, but already infected dog, the virus in saliva is determined 5-10 days before the first clinical signs appear. This is why it is necessary to keep your pet safe from contact with all stray dogs.
The abortive form of rabies ends with the animal recovering in the second stage of the disease. This form of rabies is very rare and is still being studied by many researchers.
Rabies in dogs: symptoms and prevention
Rabies is a fatal disease in warm-blooded animals.
A dog can become infected with the virus from its stray relatives, which in turn become sources of infection after contact with wild animals.
The virus is transmitted mainly at the time of the bite, but it also happens that the ingress of saliva on open wounds leads to the development of a dangerous disease.
The silent form refers to an atypical variant of the development of rabies.
- The dog is not aggressive, the appetite is preserved, there may be difficulty in swallowing, similar to such a state when animals are choking on a bone.
- Paralysis of the pharynx, lower jaw, hind limbs occurs.
- A sick dog may experience unsteadiness in gait, sometimes with an atypical form, the animal eats completely inedible objects, salivation develops.
How to recognize distemper in a pet
The first few weeks after infection, no signs may be observed. In some cases, the disease is asymptomatic until the death of the dog. Symptoms of discomfort can manifest themselves with varying intensity. Therefore, each owner must carefully monitor his pet in order to establish their causes at the first suspicions and, if necessary, begin treatment.
- apathetic state;
- fear of light;
- loss of appetite, in some cases vomiting;
- discharge of mucus from the eyes and mouth;
- possibly an increase in temperature;
- diarrhea or constipation;
- redness of the eyes.
Some dogs with excellent immunity can tolerate the disease at home without treatment, but for most, the general condition of the body worsens over time. Such animals must be treated under the supervision of a specialist. To accurately determine the presence of this disease, you need to conduct special laboratory examinations.
How to treat plague
At the first suspicion of the development of distemper in a dog, you should immediately go to the veterinarian who will help get rid of unpleasant symptoms. Specialist advice is also needed if the owner is ready to treat the animal at home. The difficulty in this process is that there is still no medicine that would destroy the virus of this disease.
A comprehensive treatment is prescribed, depending on the form of the disease and the symptoms that bother the dog. In order to finally cure the distemper in an animal, the veterinarian may prescribe special drugs to maintain immunity, or the use of solutions intravenously, as well as in the form of injections. In addition, medications are prescribed to reduce muscle tone, prevent paresis and epileptic seizures, and reduce excitability.
Since plague is a very dangerous and complex disease, a specialist should prescribe drugs for it.
It is not recommended to use any medications at home at your own discretion, you must first consult a veterinarian.
The dosage of drugs for the treatment of a dog is prescribed by a specialist, depending on the weight of the individual. The disease can be completely cured if medication is taken continuously until the moment of final healing.
During and after therapy, it is important to provide your pet with a diet. The diet should include finely chopped minced meat, raw eggs and dairy products such as cottage cheese and kefir. For drinking, you can make a decoction of motherwort, which will slow down the development of the disease, and prevent the transition of any form of distemper to nervous.
There are also folk methods to combat Kara’s disease at home, which will help cure the animal, provided that they are used together with medications in a complex manner.
Forms of the disease
Distemper in dogs can manifest itself in different forms, depending on the rate of symptoms and the organs that are affected. It happens:
- Lightning-fast form. asymptomatic until the death of the animal. It is almost impossible to cure a dog that is sick with this form of plague due to the fact that the disease is detected at a later date;
- Chronic form. lasts quite a long time. An animal suffering from this form of plague can be completely cured after 3-4 weeks;
- Acute and subacute forms. the presence of all symptoms of plague at the same time;
- Abortive form;
- Typical and atypical forms.
In addition, distemper in a dog has several forms, which differ in clinical manifestations.
- Intestinal form. the animal is very weak, to the point that it can lose consciousness, diarrhea and vomiting are observed. And also with this form of the disease, there is a likelihood of the appearance of dark spots on the enamel of the teeth and a whitish coating on the dog’s tongue;
- Pulmonary form. develops as a result of active accumulation of the virus in the respiratory system. This form of distemper is characterized by an increase in temperature and the presence of a cough in the animal. And also his appetite disappears, and his thirst increases. Over time, vomiting, diarrhea, and pus from the eyes are added to these symptoms. This condition needs to be treated urgently;
- Skin form. a characteristic rash appears on the dog’s body, ears, pads and nose, which tends to turn into ulcers if the disease is not treated. Bacteria and infections enter these wounds, as a result of which infection of the body and death can occur;
- Nervous form. is the final stage of the disease, which leads to the lack of treatment. Its symptoms are twitching of the limbs and the whole body of the dog, aggressiveness and irritability of the animal. paralysis, epileptic seizure and death occur. As a rule, it is impossible to cure a dog that has these symptoms;
- The most rare form of the disease is hardening of the pads on the paws of the dog. Its symptoms are fever and vomiting, as well as a clicking sound when the animal walks.
Treatment of the disease can save the dog’s life, but in some cases there is a risk of loss of hearing, sight, and smell. The animal may have mental problems.
Distemper symptoms in dogs and treatments
One of the most common and dangerous animal health problems that should be treated as early as possible is dog distemper, or Kara’s disease. This is a viral disease that, through the blood system, affects the brain. the head and spinal cord, as well as the lungs of the dog and other organs. If the plague enters the body of puppies, then they are doomed to death, and adults can be saved. Their survival depends on the timeliness of the correct medical care. In order to avoid the death of a pet, each of the people, before getting it, must know the symptoms of distemper in dogs. This is necessary in order to immediately seek help from a veterinarian in case of infection, who will help cure a sick animal, or alleviate its condition.
Sources of plague disease
Infection with distemper in a dog occurs as a result of infection with a virus from a sick individual. This virus is excreted in urine, feces, saliva and ocular secretions.
- transmitted from a sick animal to a healthy airborne droplet;
- through hygiene products;
- through rooms where animals are kept;
- through sexual contact;
- through food and water;
- a person can become a carrier of the virus by bringing it into the house on the sole of his shoes.
There is an opinion that the virus is transmitted by parasites from a sick dog to a healthy one. Most often, animals get sick with plague in the autumn and spring periods, when the weakening of the immune system is manifested. Carriers of this disease can be foxes, minks, wolves, ferrets and arctic foxes.
Dogs less than a year old, stray and animals that do not receive the necessary vitamins and minerals are most prone to infection with distemper. They are more difficult to treat than pets living at home, who eat right and walk a lot. Puppies whose mother fell ill and continued to feed them during the illness has immunity to this disease.
Prevention and vaccination
The most effective method of preventing distemper in animals is vaccination against this disease. At the same time, there is a risk that vaccination may not work, and the vaccinated individual will get sick, but this happens very rarely. You need to vaccinate both puppies and adult dogs. A timely vaccination will help protect your pet from serious illness and long-term treatment. First, the injection is given to small puppies, after which the procedure is repeated every year.
If you suspect the presence of symptoms of plague, a person does not need to be afraid of contracting this disease, because this virus is not able to exert an effect on people.
To improve the resistance of the animal’s body, it is necessary to provide it with good living conditions and proper nutrition with a sufficient amount of essential vitamins and minerals. In addition, you should often walk with your pet in the fresh air, and at least once a year you need to take him for a routine examination.
Initial signs and symptoms of distemper in dogs.
In a puppy, the mucous membrane or conjunctiva of the eye becomes slightly reddened, and not all. a narrow strip to the edge of the eyelid, closer to the eyeball, rare small (like grains of semolina) watery balls are visible; dandruff appears, especially at the base of the tail, and a slightly sour odor from the mouth. The temperature can rise to 41.5 ° C, but it may not rise. A small amount of mucus is released from the genital opening, and then pus. The retropharyngeal and inguinal lymph nodes are enlarged (at first slightly), there may be a rash on the abdomen and in the auricles. The nose may be wet and cool, but it does not give the impression of a wet leather ball due to the fact that it appears to be composed of individual scales, the edges of which even rise upward with increasing symptoms. The nose looks rough, there may be a mild catarrhal discharge. Sometimes, about a week before the onset of clinical symptoms, a drop of blood can be found in the feces, the appetite either deteriorates or recovers to normal. Younger dogs stop stretching and dusting themselves off (or less often).
In adult dogs, the initial signs are more difficult to detect. It should be noted some irritability, the appearance of dandruff in the area of the croup, a reaction of the mucous membrane (reddish stripe and follicles), a sour smell from the mouth, an increase in the pharyngeal and inguinal lymph nodes, there is intelligibility in food. Temperature rise from 39.5 ° C to 42 ° C.
With all the initial signs, dogs practically do not refuse to eat. On the street. cheerful and active.
In untreated dogs, treatment started late, owners interrupted treatment due to visible improvement, treated haphazardly or with home remedies, the following options are possible:
- Chronic form. Lasts for months with alternation of some improvement and deterioration. It is expressed in increasing emaciation, diarrhea alternates with constipation, the dog becomes susceptible to secondary infections, the appetite is capricious, the coat is tousled, without shine, eyes that are festering or watery with a dry crust. The outcome is almost always fatal.
- Catarrhal in 2 stages: the manifestation of clinical signs, fever, conjunctivitis, damage to the intestines and lungs lasts from 7 days to 3 weeks. When treatment is started, clinical signs may disappear within a few days (or disappear without treatment after 2-3 weeks). Then comes the second stage. an apparent recovery, which can last from 7 days to 3 weeks (depending on the measures taken, the characteristics of the virus, the conditions of keeping the dog, its fatness and general “sportiness”), and ends with the appearance of signs of damage to the nervous system (from paresis of the extremities before epileptimorphic seizures). The appearance of paresis of the hind limbs is mainly what leads the frightened owners to the doctor: “He suddenly fell down. His legs gave way! ” It is difficult and long to heal, but it is possible. Better yet, avoid this condition.
- Damage to the nervous system. The nervous system is rarely affected at the onset of the disease, mainly at the end.
Distemper in dogs: first signs and treatment, rules of behavior.
Plague is not a sentence, but the name of a disease.
The virus retains its properties even in snow and frozen food from 8.5 months to 5 years. If he accidentally got into the closet on clothes and you will not wash them for a long time, then he will wait 3 months for a meeting with the dog. If you boiled your clothes, then it will “last” only 3 minutes, and if the temperature during washing is only 55 ° C, then “it takes 1 hour to kill the virus.” When exposed to 2% sodium hydroxide solution, it loses activity after 1 hour. Disinfection is necessary, otherwise the virus will be your “lodger” and “illegal emigrant” to other houses.
After the death of a dog in an apartment from the plague, even after treatments, it is undesirable to have a puppy for a year, the exceptions are an adult vaccinated or recovered without the use of serum, a puppy vaccinated after 6 months. If in the entrance, yard, walking area, close acquaintances or other people who come or visit you, the dog fell ill with the plague. immediately visit the doctor if your dog does not have a vaccination (the decision to get vaccinated or use serum in each a special case is taken by a doctor).
Dogs of all ages are infected, puppies are especially susceptible. Puppies of vaccinated or naturally ill mothers retain immunity for 2 weeks after jigging (weaning) from their mother. At suckling age, puppies get sick only under poor conditions.
Susceptibility depends on breed, individual and genetic resistance.
Contribute to disease: helminthic infestation, lack of exercise, poor feeding, cold damp weather.
The main sources of infection: sick, recently ill (virus carrier. 2-3 months), animals in the incubation (latent) period. A dog can become infected not only through contact (this is an airborne infection), but also through intermediaries (people, rodents, birds, insects), as well as care items; you can bring the virus on clothes and shoes, on your hands.
Gates of infection: respiratory tract (and dogs are constantly busy sniffing), digestive tract (big fans of grabbing sticks, chewing grass, secretly swallowing some rubbish on the street).
The incubation period (hidden) is from 3 days to 3 weeks. At this time, the disease already exists, only there are no vivid clinical symptoms.
Plague of dogs can be lightning fast, acute, subacute, chronic, abortive, typical and atypical.
According to clinical signs, catarrhal, pulmonary, nervous and intestinal forms are distinguished. The division is conditional, since one form or another does not exist in its pure form.
The best protection is annual vaccinations. It is advisable to call a doctor at the initial stage of the pathological process, this will significantly reduce the risk of complications, it will be easier to cure the dog and your material costs will be much less, not to mention the risk of losing your beloved creature.
Basic rules of conduct for symptoms of plague in dogs
The diagnosis is made only by a doctor, treatment in each case is individual, depending on age, form of plague, characteristics of the organism, sensitivity of the bacterial flora.
The plague is being treated, it is terrible for its complications, which can be avoided if treatment is started on time, in full volume and you are not in a hurry to consider the dog healthy.
Possessing an extremely high virulence and danger to dogs, the distemper virus is very resistant in the external environment (in general, this feature is characteristic of all RNA-containing viruses). So, the infectiousness of the pathogen persists in the dried nasal secretions of the dog up to 11 days (but usually no more than one week).
However, under certain conditions, the dried virus can even remain viable for several months. It was experimentally found that the pathogen, being subjected to lyophilization (drying in vacuum, at strongly negative temperatures), remains viable for at least one year.
The pulmonary form is characterized by a lesion of the respiratory organs:
- Cough, sneezing.
- Labored breathing.
- In the most severe situations, there is a possibility of developing pulmonary edema.
It should be taken into account that the pulmonary forms of distemper are caused not so much by the action of the virus as by the influence of the secondary pathogenic bacterial microflora. This is very important when prescribing treatment.
Cutaneous form of the disease
Note that cutaneous plague is rare. In this case, the following symptoms develop:
- Ulcers and pustules on the surface of the skin.
- Possible manifestation of distemper in the form of dermatitis and eczema.
As for the skin form, it, like the above-described variety, has no direct relation to the classical plague of carnivores, being caused by the activity of the secondary pathogenic bacterial microflora.
Forms of the disease: how the plague manifests itself in different cases
Today, veterinarians prefer to distinguish the following forms of the disease, based on the rate of occurrence and suddenness of the manifestation of the main clinical signs:
- Hyperacute (lightning-fast) form of the disease. The disease in this case manifests itself suddenly, without any warning. As such, clinical signs are often absent. The animal “simply” dies within 24 hours, while the puppies often die within a few hours. If the owner has at least some veterinary experience, he may notice a short-term and very strong increase in overall body temperature (but this does not always happen). In such cases, the cause of death is structural damage to the central nervous system. Even less often conjunctival bleeding has time to develop (the dog bleeds from the eyes).
- Acute form. The most typical is considered a “classic of the genre”. It is characterized by a sudden increase in body temperature to about 41.5 ° (sometimes up to 42.3 °) on the Celsius scale. The animal suddenly becomes lethargic, strives to hide in the far corner and lie there. The dog refuses food, water (during the normal course of the disease) drinks rather greedily. However, in rare cases, a perversion of appetite is noted, when the dog greedily eats completely inedible objects. Coma gradually develops, death usually occurs in the second week from the onset of clinical signs. Sometimes the pet “holds out” for up to a month and if “the clinic does not decline, it still dies.
Important! In case of perversion of appetite and lack of interest in water, urgently (!) Call a veterinarian, as these signs may “hint” not to a “harmless” plague, but to deadly rabies!
- The subacute form is considered safer. It is also characterized by a sudden rise in body temperature of 0.5-1 ° Celsius. In the next two weeks, the animal suffers from an intermittent type of fever, which, after this period, itself declines. In some cases, the temperature remains elevated only for a couple of days, but the animal at this time still remains weak and apathetic. The pet becomes very apathetic, weak, exhaustion increases, the condition of the coat and skin worsens. Muscle cramps, depression are possible. Fatalities are rare.
All of the above is true, applicable to typical cases. But how does the disease manifest itself in more “narrow” situations, when individual organ systems are affected?
Can a cat get the distemper from a dog??
Note also that canine and feline “distemper” are also different diseases. Even if they are due to the action of the causative agent of a viral nature, pathology is not transmitted between representatives of canines and felines (fortunately). To put it simply, a sick dog does not need to be isolated from cats and vice versa. In a word, a cat will not be able to contract distemper from a dog under any circumstances.
There is another nuance Unlike cats, whose body, provided that the infection is successfully transferred, forms a stable and lifelong immunity, dogs that have recovered can get sick again.
As the global veterinary practice shows, the disease in this case progresses very quickly and often leads to either death or serious consequences for the nervous system.
A dog has a distemper: what to do, disinfection
Plague acts on the body like an influenza, even many of the symptoms are similar. Like influenza, the disease incapacitates the resistance mechanism and thereby paves the way for the so-called secondary infections. pneumonia, inflammation of the intestines (enteritis) and brain (encephalitis).
Many pet owners do not know what to do if the dog has distemper, how to behave in this situation. Today it is known that the distemper virus disappears from the blood a few days after the first symptoms appear. The disease continues mainly as a secondary infection. Although the virus is no longer in the blood, it remains in other parts of the body and in the later stages of the disease often causes serious damage to internal organs.
Disinfection for distemper should include measures to eliminate the virus from the external environment. The distemper virus lives outside the body of an animal only at low temperatures. In a warm, dry room, he dies in a week. However, it is best to wait at least three weeks before letting in an unvaccinated dog. If it is necessary to do this earlier, then the room should be disinfected. Any litter or kennel that may have been contaminated must be burned.
Recognize Distemper Symptoms in Dogs
The statistics of deaths from plague are unstable. Perhaps this is due to the fact that in different years the disease proceeds with varying degrees of severity. One researcher claims that a lot depends on the breed of dog, for example, among Bull Terriers, 90% of sick dogs survive, while out of 100 sick Pointing Dogs and Danish Great Danes, only 10 survive.
Dogs that have had the plague can be partially or completely disabled: they lose sight, hearing and smell, and suffer from nervous muscle twitching. There are cases of mental disorders.
Distemper in dogs: symptoms and signs, what to do
Distemper in dogs is a dangerous infectious disease that can lead to tragic consequences for the health and even life of the animal. Depending on the age of the pet, various complications may occur, leading to the disability of the dog. The infection is most dangerous in puppies that do not have primary immunity against this infection.
Canine distemper occurs suddenly and primarily affects puppies between the ages of two months and a year. Among canine diseases, it is considered the most dangerous after rabies.
Manifestation of distemper in dogs: the first symptoms and signs
The disease usually lasts about four weeks, but with complications, the manifestation of the distemper can be delayed for several months. Diagnosis is often extremely difficult, as the symptoms of plague can be very different depending on which organs are most affected. the throat, lungs, digestive organs, nervous system, or skin. If there have been cases of illness in the vicinity, and your dog is at risk of infection, then, most likely, chills, sneezing, diarrhea, partial loss of appetite and small discharge from the eyes and nose are the first signs of distemper in dogs.
Distemper in dogs can produce very few symptoms if the infection is mild. However, the animal is dangerous in terms of infection and signs of distemper in dogs may appear in contacting animals. Canine distemper usually gives symptoms after the end of the incubation period, at which time the treatment is already ineffective.
There are several good vaccination regimens. According to one method, the vaccine is first administered, and a week later, a live virus is inoculated, according to the other, anti-plague serum and the virus are injected at the same time. The third method is to use a special virus weakened by passing through the bodies of several ferrets. When such a depleted virus is injected into a dog, it causes a mild form of the disease, after which it becomes immune (similar to the smallpox vaccine in humans).
Without special preparation, vaccinations cannot be done independently. But any veterinarian can do it, and you will have almost complete guarantee that your dog will not get sick with this terrible disease. It is believed that puppies should not be vaccinated until at least 3 months of age, as immunity may not be preserved. However, if you do not want to take risks, then you can get the vaccine earlier and then repeat it. The dog that is going to be vaccinated must be completely healthy, without worms, parasites, etc.
How the plague is transmitted. ways of infection
You need to know how the distemper is transmitted and what routes of infection exist in order to be able to prevent the pathogen from entering the dog’s body. Distemper is a viral disease that is contagious to dogs, but cannot be transmitted to other pets and humans. Infection occurs mainly through the mouth, nose and ears. Insects and worms can carry the virus. A dog with distemper can breathe infecting other dogs even before symptoms appear. The disease is transmitted at any time of the year. Usually, it takes 5 days from the moment of infection to the onset of the first symptoms, but they can appear earlier and later. within 4 to 10 days. A dog that has had the distemper usually no longer gets sick.
Plague causes inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose and intestines. Sometimes pustules appear on the skin. Early symptoms are usually mild: runny nose, watery eyes, poor food intake, looks tired and may vomit. She avoids the light as if it cuts her eyes.
Sometimes in the first days the pet has dizziness, attacks of “chase”, but these symptoms soon disappear.
After about a week, profuse discharge from the nose and eyes begins, a dry cough and chills appear, the nostrils become dry, the dog begins to be thirsty, the temperature rises to 39-40 ° C.
Later, lesions of the brain and spinal cord may occur, causing nervous tics, convulsions and even paralysis.
The illness is usually accompanied by diarrhea. a dark-colored, foul-smelling stool.
A dog fell ill with plague: what to do, how to treat?
If the dog is sick with distemper, the veterinarian will tell you what to do in this case, depending on the condition of the animal. There is no specific treatment. Before treating a pet, favorable conditions are created for him. A pet with distemper should be kept in a clean, dry, well-ventilated area. He needs to be given small amounts of high-calorie and easily digestible food: milk, eggs, raw meat, broth.
Discharge from your dog’s eyes and nose should be removed more often. The eyes should be flushed with a mild boric acid solution. To avoid cracking the nostrils, you need to lubricate your nose with petroleum jelly. A remedy has not yet been found to alleviate the nervous disorders that often appear during and after illness. The continuous twitching of individual muscles can become so violent that the muscles eventually become paralyzed. There are some successes in the treatment of some secondary manifestations of distemper, such as pneumonia, if it is noticed in time.
Is distemper in dogs treated and what is its incubation period??
The virus does not make itself felt in some individuals for 3-4 days, and in some up to 90 days. This is the insidiousness of a deadly disease. an adult dog or a small puppy already carries virions in itself, and its owner does not know about it.
How to Recognize Distemper Symptoms in Dogs (TREATMENT & PREVENTION)
Can Carré Disease Treated? Yes. But all veterinarians say that no one gives guarantees and in most cases you only improve the condition of your pet for a short time. However, there are examples that inspire hope. the stories of those owners who managed to save the pet. Is it possible to help out an animal in critical condition by going to the hospital a few days after the onset of anxiety symptoms? Unfortunately, your procrastination is a death sentence for the one you have tamed.
Is there a drug that can cure a dog of plague, how to get it? Such remedies exist, but only doctors prescribe them. Independent attempts to save a pet can lead to a deterioration in its well-being and an early death.
Most often, a set of procedures is prescribed, aimed at eliminating traces of intoxication of the animal’s body, relieving inflammation, and combating degenerative changes in the affected organs:
- A diet is required, in extreme cases. fasting. At the same time, the dog should always have clean water.
- In case of severe exhaustion, artificial feeding is recommended with the supply of nutrient mixtures directly to the rectum (it is preceded by bowel cleansing).
- In the early stages of the disease, injections are given to maintain the body’s defenses and fight infection (immunoglobulins and leukocyte interferon). Antihistamines and glucocorticoids are also used. In the treatment of canine distemper, antibiotics are also actively used, selected depending on the symptoms, vitamins B and C are introduced.
- In inflammatory processes affecting the gastrointestinal tract, artificial gastric juice may be prescribed to the animal for a while. Together with him, the doctor prescribes drugs that have antipyretic and analgesic effects. After the onset of improvement, analgesics are replaced by astringents and drugs with antimicrobial activity.
- To prevent the plague of carnivores, different vaccines are used. they destroy both the causative agent of one (monovalent) and several diseases (polyvalent). The latter are not recommended to prick small puppies. up to 6 months their body is too vulnerable.
The best option is domestic drugs. The following vaccines are currently used by veterinarians:
Where the causative agent of plague of carnivores can be kept?
The most important task of the owner to protect the animal from disease is to prevent its contact with an infected animal, to monitor the pet while walking and to protect it by being vaccinated on time.
How to identify distemper in a dog: how it manifests itself in different forms
In terms of severity, the following forms differ:
2-3 days after infection, the first symptom appears. nasal discharge. They can be serous (i.e. watery) at the very beginning, after which they acquire a whitish or greenish tint, and pus comes out with them. When the mucus dries, it blocks the nasal openings, which disrupts the natural passage of air into the lungs, provoking swelling and inflammation. During this period, the owner may notice how the dog sneezes, snorts and tries to scratch his nose, and the pet’s breathing becomes sharp and quickens. Another consequence of the defeat of the respiratory system by the virus is purulent pneumonia.
The first signs of this form of distemper in dogs are stool disorders. This is either sudden constipation or diarrhea (there is blood in the feces). Also, there is a discharge of vomit with an admixture of foaming mucus, clots of bile and particles of undigested food. In case of refusal to eat, the animal vomits with yellow or white foam. The main difference between the symptoms of the intestinal form and enteritis is that the dog tries to drink even when its condition worsens. The disease can be determined by the characteristic sour smell emanating from the pet’s body. You can try to palpate the abdomen yourself (it is better to entrust this to the doctor). in an infected animal, it is painful and tense. Also, the veterinarian may note a change in the size of the liver. it increases, which indicates the development of hepatitis.
The symptoms of this form of canine distemper (it is considered one of the mildest) are as follows: the formation of a rash on the face of the nose and mouth, in the ears, on the inner thighs, on the abdomen. After drying, the papules are replaced by crusts. In their place, new formations appear. vesicles, pustules and scabs. This development of the disease is especially dangerous for puppies, in which it is often accompanied by damage to the central nervous system. Another sign of the cutaneous form of Carré’s disease is swollen paws, eyelids, ears, etc. At the site of the swelling, fluid is released. After it dries, crusts form.
If a dog is sick with distemper of this form, the symptoms may come on suddenly. All of them testify to severely tolerated inflammatory processes. meningitis, encephalitis, myelitis. Paralysis, the occurrence of epileptic seizures is possible. Characteristic signs may appear only 2-6 weeks after the infection of the pet, so the forecasts of doctors are most often disappointing. If the animal has weakened after an illness, and its immunity is at zero, the symptomatology occurs without a preliminary increase in temperature and other manifestations of general intoxication. The most common are soreness throughout the body, hypersensitivity, fearfulness, impaired stability and coordination of movements. With encephalitis, there is an increase in temperature, an increase in blood flow to the mucous membranes of the eyes, unhealthy excitement, barking and howling, mainly at night, with a short-term improvement and calming in the morning. The dog can hunt imaginary flies, try to catch them with his teeth.
Above, we examined the manifestation of distemper in its various forms in dogs, so that you know what signs become the first symptoms of the disease. The generalized form includes all the features described above. It occurs most often. in 90% of cases. So the division given above can be considered conditional, since the disease attacks all systems at once. the central nervous system, and the lungs, and the skin, and the gastrointestinal tract.
What symptoms are observed in a dog with distemper (photo)
Specialists distinguish several stages:
- In the first five days, conjunctivitis is considered the main manifestation of the deterioration of the animal’s condition, nasal discharge is watery, white, green. The dog cannot open his eyes, because they are glued together with pus, there is a fear of light. Because of this, the animal settles in the shade, looking for dark, secluded places.
- How is distemper manifested in dogs in the acute course of the disease and what are its main symptoms? This is a sharp increase in body temperature. up to 41 degrees, a perverted appetite or its complete absence, a strong thirst. the pet constantly wants to drink.
- The subacute form is characterized by fever, which can last up to one to two weeks, weakness and a decrease in general vitality, dry and hot nose, convulsions, fear (the dog may even be afraid of its owner).
- Symptoms (signs) of complicated plague in dogs determine its treatment. they are very diverse, in addition to the main manifestations of intoxication, hearing loss, vision, paralysis, and enlargement of internal organs may appear.
Do not forget that the sooner you pay attention to the behavior unusual for your pet, the deterioration of his well-being and take him to a good doctor, the more chances you have to save his life. Often, animals that have recovered from the disease remain with some signs of the infection they have suffered. epileptic seizures, blindness, tremors in the muscles, etc.
What is distemper (carnivorous plague) in dogs: pathogens, symptoms and treatment
The name itself causes fear among most animal owners. it is believed that salvation is impossible. Cases ending in the recovery of an infected animal are extremely rare. Despite the fact that there are special vaccines to protect your pet from a deadly infection, and doctors carry out complex procedures aimed at improving the condition of a four-legged patient and inject drugs intravenously, the risk of death from infection is incredibly high.
To understand what leads to an attack of such a force on the animal’s body, we will analyze the features of the development of a pathological condition, starting with the identification of the causative agent of plague or Carré’s disease.
- The root cause is a virus containing RNA. It spreads rapidly into the blood and lymph. usually through the respiratory tract or the mouth.
- After that, it multiplies (in the epithelium of the esophagus, respiratory tract, organs of the genitourinary system, etc.). The impact on the body of the animal leads to a destructive change in cells, contributes to the destruction of healthy and the emergence of pathogenic microflora, provokes serious disruption of the organs of all systems.
- An organism affected by a virus becomes painfully sensitive and susceptible to bacteria, viruses and other substances (both dangerous and completely harmless), perceived as potential irritants. That is why treating distemper in dogs requires a visit to the veterinarian and constant monitoring of the condition of the animal. even trying to save can provoke a deterioration.
- Having overcome the barrier separating the hematopoietic system and the central nervous system, the causative agent of the disease affects the brain and spinal cord, causing severe inflammatory processes. In pregnant dogs, the virus infects the fetus in the womb.
A rarely infected animal for a long time does not betray its own position in any way. clinical signs do not appear, and the owner does not know about the latent course of the disease. In these cases, the danger lies in wait not only for the infected pet, but also for those of its four-legged fellows who come into contact with it.
Can a vaccinated dog get sick with distemper??
Unfortunately, the likelihood of catching a deadly virus is high even if you have secured your pet by taking him to the veterinarian on time. No drug available today provides 100% protection against infection. especially if you have not followed the rules for preparing for the vaccine. Also at risk are puppies. their body is not yet strong enough.
Distemper is the least dangerous for vaccinated adult animals. However, do not forget about prevention and hope that today or tomorrow you will be “blown away”. do not forget that pet contacts (not only fights, but even simple curiosity in relation to their own kind) with mongrels are undesirable. Take the puppy for vaccination, and then give the injection again. to reduce the risk of infection.
How to feed a dog with distemper?
Doctors recommend a sparing diet with the exclusion of fatty and hard-to-digest foods. A sick animal can be given:
- minced dietary meat (you can also just grind it, avoiding large pieces);
- a rice-based broth with the addition of soaked bread crumbs;
- boiled liver;
- meat broths. weak, beef or chicken;
The room where the infected pet is located should be dry and warm. You can disinfect the room by treating with solutions of sodium salt of chloramide, formic aldehyde. The place where the sick animal slept (bedding, rug, lounger) is destroyed. burned.