The causative agent of the disease is a virus belonging to the “Paramyxoviruses” group. It enters the dog’s body through the digestive tract and respiratory tract. It is excreted in the feces, urine and secretions of sick animals. A pet can become infected either directly or through common objects (dishes, combs, rugs, etc.).
Small puppies and dogs up to 1-2 years old are at high risk, but adult animals with weakened immunity are sometimes infected. Plague is deadly for puppies: in 40-100% of cases, babies die. Distemper in dogs: is it transmitted to humans? Fortunately, this virus is not dangerous for people.
In dogs that have had the plague, after a while (from several weeks to months) complications may occur in the form of deafness, disruption of the central nervous system, darkening of the teeth, lameness and seizures.
The nervous form of the disease is especially dangerous, since it leads to the death of brain cells.
Treatment with folk remedies
Alternative methods can be used only as an adjunct to the main course of treatment. A sick dog is fed with herbal decoctions (motherwort, St. John’s wort, etc.), 1-2 glasses per day. This method will allow you to remove toxins from the body and improve the functioning of the central nervous system.
There is another common folk method. Distemper in dogs: treatment with vodka and eggs is carried out according to the following scheme. A tablespoon of vodka is mixed with honey (1 spoon) and a chicken egg (1 yolk). The mixture is thoroughly mixed and poured into the pet’s mouth 2-3 times a day (course. 3-4 days).
Using traditional methods is advisable only if the puppy or adult dog has a strong immune system. This method is only an addition to traditional treatment.
Distemper in dogs: symptoms and treatment
The disease after infection does not manifest itself immediately, but only after a certain time, which can range from 3 days to 21 days (depending on the immunity of the animal). During the incubation period, the pet is already dangerous to its relatives. How distemper manifests itself in dogs?
Treatment includes combating dehydration and the underlying symptoms of the disease. To do this, the dog is injected intravenously with nutrient fluids (Ringer’s solution, saline, glucose).
Treatment of distemper in dogs at home is carried out according to the following scheme (all dosages must be checked with a doctor):
- Within 10 days, a solution is injected into a vein through a catheter, which includes the following components: ascorbic acid 5%, sodium chloride, glucose, calcium gluconate 10%, urotropin 40%, diphenhydramine 1%.
- For the prevention of paresis (partial paralysis), Proserin 0.05% is injected subcutaneously (course length. 10 days). If paralysis has already developed, Proserin is replaced with Strychnine (1% solution).
- Magnesium sulfate 25% intramuscularly (6-7 days) and Furosemide tablets (up to 4 days) reduce ICP (intracranial pressure).
- To reduce muscle tone, use Mydocalm.
- In the nervous form of the disease, Barbital sodium or a solution of Aminazine 2.5% is injected into the thigh muscle.
- In the presence of seizures (similar to epileptic seizures), Pagluferal tablets are prescribed for 1.5-2 months.
- To strengthen and stimulate the immune system, vitamins (B1, B6, B12) are injected under the skin for a couple of weeks.
Water must always be freely available for the pet.
Symptoms of the disease
Symptoms, signs by which you can recognize the plague:
- the dog becomes apathetic, refuses favorite food;
- the coat fades, looks disheveled;
- the eyes turn red, colorless and odorless discharge flows from them and the nose;
- at the very beginning of the disease, the temperature rises (up to 40-40.5 degrees), after which it drops to normal (a similar symptom manifests itself in a hyperacute form of leptospirosis);
- the stool becomes liquid, feces become yellow, blotches of blood and undigested food are noticeable.
Symptoms and treatment of distemper in dogs vary depending on the form of the disease:
- Nervous. the dog behaves aggressively, cramps of the neck muscles and limbs are added to the general symptoms.
- Intestinal. a white coating on the surface of the tongue is characteristic, the teeth are covered with small dark specks.
- Pulmonary. the pet drinks greedily, but does not eat, he is worried about a strong cough.
- Skin (less common than others). cracks and small bubbles form in the hairless areas, which cause discomfort.
Depending on the course of the disease, the types of distemper are distinguished:
- lightning-fast (signs of the disease do not appear, the dog dies in a day);
- hyperacute (accompanied by fever, lack of appetite, ends in coma and death);
- acute (symptoms are bright, but there is a chance of recovery);
- chronic (duration. several months, improvements and deterioration replace each other).
Viral disease. distemper in dogs: symptoms and treatment at home, how it manifests itself, signs and is it transmitted to humans?
Plague of carnivores in dogs (plague) is a viral and highly contagious disease that kills puppies and young animals. How is distemper manifested in dogs, signs? How does the infection take place? What treatments are there?
Timely vaccination of puppies and adults is the main and most effective preventive measure. The first vaccination is given to a baby at 1.5-2 months, revaccination is carried out after 4 weeks. Adult pets are vaccinated annually at the same time, for this they use drugs: Multican, Nobivac, Eurikan, etc.
Plague is one of the most serious diseases that can harm a pet’s health. Along with enteritis and rabies, the disease is caused by a virus and is fatal. Treat your pet’s health responsibly, do not forget to vaccinate on time and do not allow your dog to come into contact with animals sick with distemper.
Additionally, watch the video about distemper disease in dogs, symptoms and treatment at home:
Signs of distemper in dogs
The first signs of the disease include a lethargic state, rapid fatigability of the animal, discharge from the eyes and nose, tousled hair, and impaired appetite. How severe these symptoms will be depends on the state of the immune system and the age of the animal.
Then other signs of distemper develop, which depend on the form of the viral disease:
Pulmonary (respiratory). Characteristic signs include fever, shortness of breath, and coughing. There is discharge from the eyes and nose. Pus impurities are possible. The dog’s appetite decreases, gastrointestinal disorders (diarrhea, vomiting) develop.
Nervous. Accompanied by intense thirst. Muscle cramps and cramps are possible. Irritability and aggressiveness are manifested, which was not previously typical for a pet. If you do not seek help in a timely manner, motor activity is impaired (paralysis of the hind legs).
When a virus attacks the central nervous system, a dog’s sensitivity to light increases. Coordination problems begin (noticeable by the gait). The animal behaves inappropriately, and in a sharp aggressive state may even pose a danger to the people around.
Intestinal. The dog refuses food completely. Her condition is lethargic and apathetic. The body is greatly weakened, therefore loss of consciousness is possible. A characteristic feature is the formation of a whitish plaque on the surface of the tongue and dark spots on the tooth enamel. Possible severe vomiting and diarrhea.
Dermal. It is easier than other forms of distemper in dogs. It differs in that rashes and ulcers appear on the body, mucous membranes and pads of the animal. If treatment is not started in a timely manner, secondary infections can enter the body through these injuries.
Panleukopenia in a dog: causes, symptoms and prevention
Distemper in dogs is a dangerous viral disease that often occurs in puppies and adult pets. It is accompanied by fever, inflammation of the mucous membranes, and damage to the central nervous system (CNS). Without timely treatment, it can lead to the death of the pet. It is clear and detailed about distemper in dogs. in our article.
Causes of the disease
The causative agent of the disease is an RNA-containing virus from the paramyxovirus family. Infection with them occurs through the respiratory tract or the digestive system. Once in the dog’s body, the virus enters the blood and soft tissues.
It is transmitted from a sick animal (dog, ferret, mink, etc.) by airborne droplets or through saliva, feces, urine or ocular mucus. Possible intrauterine infection of the puppy from the mother through the placenta.
Factors contributing to the development of the disease include:
- unbalanced diet,
- deficiency of vitamins and minerals,
- hygiene problems,
- poor living conditions of the animal.
Only a veterinarian can make a diagnosis. To do this, he examines the dog and asks questions to the owner. Then he prescribes laboratory diagnostics. To make a diagnosis, it is necessary to collect biomaterial (blood, washings from the eyes and pharynx).
Methods used to diagnose distemper in dogs:
- enzyme immunoassay (ELISA),
- polymerase chain reaction (PCR),
- blood test for antibodies to the virus (rapid tests),
- animal susceptibility bioassay,
- passive hemagglutination reaction (RPHA), etc.
The task of a specialist at this stage is not only to make a diagnosis, but also to develop a treatment plan (prescribing a course of droppers, symptomatic medications, etc.).
Recovery conditions: and nutrition
The first thing is to isolate the dog from contact with other animals. All materials used (eg processing wipes) must be destroyed after use. However, keep in mind that panleukopenia in cats is not spread to dogs, and canine distemper, on the contrary, is not spread to cats.
The room in which the sick dog is located should be well ventilated. Maintain optimal temperature. The pet should not be hot or, conversely, cold. If the pet is vomiting, then do not feed it until it completely stops and another 10-12 hours have passed.
If the puppy is vomiting, then you need to monitor the blood glucose levels. This is due to the fact that fasting in a pet weakened by the virus can cause hypoglycemic coma and death. Then, in the early days, feed the dog light broths and liquid porridges cooked in water.
There is no drug that can affect the distemper virus, so symptomatic treatment is used. It aims to eliminate the signs of viral disease to prevent depletion of the dog’s body and ensure the destruction of the virus.
The methods used to treat canine distemper include:
- Infusion therapy. The veterinarian will prescribe a course of IV fluids. This is necessary to correct signs of dehydration due to vomiting and diarrhea.
- Taking antibiotics. They are necessary for the prevention and elimination of secondary bacterial infections. They often develop with distemper because the dog’s body is weakened and susceptible to infection.
- Drug therapy. Antiemetics and anticonvulsants are prescribed to eliminate vomiting and seizures. Other medicines are used according to indications. Taking immunostimulants is not recommended.
To cure a dog of distemper, drugs are administered intravenously (through a drip) and intramuscularly (through injections). Oral administration in most cases does not help, since this viral disease disrupts the functions of the gastrointestinal tract.
What to do if a dog has distemper?
The sooner you seek help from your veterinarian, the more likely your dog is to recover. If you notice at least 2-3 signs that lead you to think about a pet being infected with distemper, you should immediately take it to a veterinary clinic for a comprehensive examination.
Intestinal damage manifests itself in the form of frequent fainting, complete lack of appetite.
If the intestinal system is affected, the dog often begins to drink.
The animal often drinks, the temperature is high. Liquid stool of a rich yellow color with a pungent fetid odor. Possible presence of blood clots or undigested food in the stool. Over time, the faeces become dark brown, which indicates a complication of the disease. The mucous membrane of the tongue is coated with a white coating, dark spots appear on the tooth enamel. Warts or pits develop in the sky, which, upon recovery, do not disappear anywhere and remain with the pet until the end of life.
Distemper in dogs
Young individuals are especially sensitive to distemper. puppies aged from three months to one year.
During this period, a change in the dentition occurs, the growth of the skeleton and muscles is intense, as a result of which the immunity is at a rather low level. Poor sanitary conditions and improper care of the animal are often the cause. As a rule, breastfed babies are protected from infection due to the fact that antibodies against distemper enter the puppy’s body along with breast milk, but there are exceptions.
How to Recognize Distemper Symptoms in Dogs (TREATMENT & PREVENTION)
Poor sanitary conditions often cause distemper.
A holistic treatment approach is a surefire way to improve effectiveness.
There is no universal remedy for the treatment of distemper, however, you can choose a set of drugs that will contribute to recovery through a well-coordinated interaction.
General treatment for any form includes the administration of the following solutions:
- urotropine. 40%;
- calcium gluconate. 10%;
- glucose. 40%;
- sodium chloride isotonic;
- diphenhydramine. 1%;
- ascorbic acid. 5%.
Treatment includes the introduction of a solution of Urotropin.
It is noteworthy that the solutions should be prepared immediately before administration, under sterile conditions. Introduced by infusion, in a course of ten days.
Dog breeds and distemper
All dog breeds are affected.
Absolutely all breeds are susceptible to the disease. The peak of pathology occurs in spring and autumn. Sources of infection are sick individuals. Carriers. man, bird, insect.
- Proserin is used subcutaneously. strychnine solution for the prevention and treatment of paresis.
- Eliminates cramps and muscle spasms of midocalm.
- Reduces intracranial pressure. magnesium sulfate solution, furosemide.
- The defeat of the central nervous system is eliminated through the use of parooccipatal blockade, chlorpromazine solution, sodium barbital.
- The agitated state of the pet is reduced by prescribing phenobarbital, benzonal, glutamic acid, folic acid.
- Treatment continues for three weeks without interruption.
- In parallel, subcutaneous injections of novocaine are used for a course of ten days.
- If epileptic seizures are present, treatment with finlipsin, pagluferal is recommended.
- Bacterial infection is eliminated by antibiotic therapy, which includes drugs: chloramphenicol, norsulfazole, streptomycin, clofaran, kefzol, gentamicin.
- Serum is administered as a specific treatment. containing antibodies of recovered animals in which complete remission has occurred.
- To maintain the general condition of the body and strengthen immunity, it is advisable to use immunomodulators and immunostimulants.
- For prophylactic purposes, cardiac drugs are recommended. sulfocamphocaine, cocarboxylase.
- Vitamin therapy of group B. B1, B6, B12, with the parallel use of pantathenome, nicotinamide.
- Severe intoxication is amenable to intravenous treatment with Ringer’s solution.
Distemper symptoms in dogs and home treatment: signs of distemper and danger to humans
Canine distemper is a viral disease that is quite resistant to many external influences. Remains resistant at low temperatures. up to twenty-four degrees with a minus mark. At high temperatures, it loses its pathogenic functionality. But you can also neutralize the virus with a 2% sodium hydroxide solution, 1% formaldehyde solution, Demp’s solution.
Lesion of the fingertips
It happens that when all of the above symptoms occur, regardless of the type of distemper, the fingertips may harden. over, such a feature is inherent in all types and can occur at any stage of the disease.
A feature of the acute course is the ability to transition into a chronic type of painful process.
In this case, an alternation of diarrhea and constipation is possible. Great emaciation, loss of appetite or decreased activity, tousled and dull coat. Eye secretions that dry out in the corners of the eyes and form crusts. In this case, recovery does not occur, it ends in death.
Cutaneous plague is expressed in the appearance of blisters on the “naked” areas of the body.
Cutaneous distemper manifests itself in the appearance of blisters.
The temperature with this form of flow does not rise or rises to a rather insignificant level. In general, the patient feels normal and, apart from blisters on the skin, nothing bothers him. This state of affairs indicates the presence of a mild form of pathology.
How to treat plague
At the first suspicion of the development of distemper in a dog, you should immediately go to the veterinarian, who will help get rid of unpleasant symptoms. Specialist advice is also needed if the owner is ready to treat the animal at home. The difficulty in this process is that there is still no medicine that would destroy the virus of this disease.
A comprehensive treatment is prescribed, depending on the form of the disease and the symptoms that bother the dog. In order to finally cure the distemper in an animal, the veterinarian may prescribe special drugs to maintain immunity, or the use of solutions intravenously, as well as in the form of injections. In addition, medications are prescribed to reduce muscle tone, prevent paresis and epileptic seizures, and reduce excitability.
Since plague is a very dangerous and complex disease, a specialist should prescribe drugs for it.
It is not recommended to use any medications at home at your own discretion, you must first consult a veterinarian.
The dosage of drugs for the treatment of a dog is prescribed by a specialist, depending on the weight of the individual. The disease can be completely cured if medication is taken continuously until the moment of final healing.
During and after therapy, it is important to provide your pet with a diet. The diet should include finely chopped minced meat, raw eggs and dairy products such as cottage cheese and kefir. For drinking, you can make a decoction of motherwort, which will slow down the development of the disease, and prevent the transition of any form of distemper to nervous.
There are also folk methods to combat Kara’s disease at home, which will help cure the animal, provided that they are used together with medications in a complex manner.
Forms of the disease
Distemper in dogs can manifest in different forms, depending on the rate of symptoms and the organs that are affected. It happens:
- Lightning-fast form. asymptomatic until the death of the animal. It is almost impossible to cure a dog that is sick with this form of plague due to the fact that the disease is detected at a later date;
- Chronic form. lasts quite a long time. An animal suffering from this form of plague can be completely cured after 3-4 weeks;
- Acute and subacute forms. the presence of all symptoms of plague at the same time;
- Abortive form;
- Typical and atypical forms.
In addition, distemper in a dog has several forms, which differ in clinical manifestations.
- Intestinal form. the animal is very weak, to the point that it can lose consciousness, diarrhea and vomiting are observed. And also with this form of the disease, there is a likelihood of the appearance of dark spots on the enamel of the teeth and a whitish coating on the dog’s tongue;
- Pulmonary form. develops as a result of active accumulation of the virus in the respiratory system. This form of distemper is characterized by an increase in temperature and the presence of a cough in the animal. And also his appetite disappears, and his thirst increases. Over time, vomiting, diarrhea, and pus from the eyes are added to these symptoms. This condition needs to be treated urgently;
- Skin form. a characteristic rash appears on the dog’s body, ears, pads and nose, which tends to turn into ulcers if the disease is not treated. Bacteria and infections enter these wounds, as a result of which infection of the body and death can occur;
- Nervous form. is the final stage of the disease, which leads to the lack of treatment. Its symptoms are twitching of the limbs and the whole body of the dog, aggressiveness and irritability of the animal. paralysis, epileptic seizure and death occur. As a rule, it is impossible to cure a dog that has these signs;
- The most rare form of the disease is hardening of the pads on the paws of the dog. Its symptoms are fever and vomiting, as well as a clattering sound when the animal walks.
Treatment of the disease can save the dog’s life, but in some cases there is a risk of loss of hearing, sight, and smell. The animal may have mental problems.
How to recognize distemper in a pet
The first few weeks after infection, no signs may be observed. In some cases, the disease is asymptomatic until the death of the dog. Symptoms of malaise can manifest themselves with varying intensity. Therefore, each owner must carefully monitor his pet in order to establish their causes at the first suspicions and, if necessary, begin treatment.
- apathetic state;
- fear of light;
- loss of appetite, in some cases vomiting;
- discharge of mucus from the eyes and mouth;
- possibly an increase in temperature;
- diarrhea or constipation;
- redness of the eyes.
Some dogs with excellent immunity can tolerate the disease at home without treatment, but for most dogs, their general condition worsens over time. Such animals must be treated under the supervision of a specialist. To accurately determine the presence of this disease, you need to conduct special laboratory examinations.
Sources of plague disease
Infection with distemper in a dog occurs as a result of infection with a virus from a sick individual. This virus is excreted in urine, feces, saliva and ocular secretions.
- transmitted from a sick animal to a healthy airborne droplet;
- through hygiene products;
- through rooms where animals are kept;
- through sexual contact;
- through food and water;
- a person can become a carrier of the virus by bringing it into the house on the sole of his shoes.
There is an opinion that the virus is transmitted by parasites from a sick dog to a healthy one. Most often, animals get sick with plague in the autumn and spring periods, when the weakening of the immune system is manifested. Carriers of this disease can be foxes, minks, wolves, ferrets and arctic foxes.
Dogs less than a year old, stray and animals that do not receive the necessary vitamins and minerals are most prone to infection with distemper. They are more difficult to treat than pets living at home, who eat right and walk a lot. Puppies whose mother fell ill and continued to feed them during the illness has immunity to this disease.
Distemper symptoms in dogs and treatments
One of the most common and dangerous animal health problems that should be treated as early as possible is dog distemper, or Kara’s disease. This is a viral disease that, through the blood system, affects the brain. the head and spinal cord, as well as the lungs of the dog and other organs. If the plague enters the body of puppies, then they are doomed to death, and adults can be saved. Their survival depends on the timeliness of the correct medical care. In order to avoid the death of a pet, each of the people, before getting it, must know the symptoms of distemper in dogs. This is necessary in order to immediately seek help from a veterinarian in case of infection, who will help cure a sick animal, or alleviate its condition.
Prevention and vaccination
The most effective method of preventing distemper in animals is vaccination against this disease. At the same time, there is a risk that vaccination may not work, and the vaccinated individual will get sick, but this happens very rarely. You need to vaccinate both puppies and adult dogs. A timely vaccination will help protect your pet from serious illness and long-term treatment. First, the injection is given to small puppies, after which the procedure is repeated every year.
If you suspect the presence of symptoms of plague, a person does not need to be afraid of contracting this disease, because this virus is not able to exert an effect on people.
To improve the resistance of the animal’s body, it is necessary to provide it with good living conditions and proper nutrition with a sufficient amount of essential vitamins and minerals. In addition, you should often walk with your pet in the fresh air, and at least once a year you need to take him for a routine examination.
Distemper in dogs: first signs and treatment, rules of behavior.
Plague is not a sentence, but the name of a disease.
The virus retains its properties even in snow and frozen food from 8.5 months to 5 years. If he accidentally got into the closet on clothes and you will not wash them for a long time, then he will wait for a meeting with the dog for 3 months. If you boiled your clothes, then it will “last” only 3 minutes, and if the temperature during washing is only 55 ° C, then “it takes 1 hour to kill the virus.” When exposed to 2% sodium hydroxide solution, it loses activity after 1 hour. Disinfection is necessary, otherwise the virus will be your “lodger” and “illegal emigrant” to other houses.
After the death of a dog in an apartment from the plague, even after treatments, it is undesirable to have a puppy for a year, the exceptions are an adult vaccinated or recovered without the use of serum, a puppy vaccinated after 6 months. If in the entrance, yard, place of walking, close friends or other people who come or visit you, the dog is sick with the plague. visit the doctor immediately if your dog does not have a vaccination (the decision to get vaccinated or use serum in each a special case is taken by a doctor).
Dogs of all ages are infected, puppies are especially susceptible. Puppies of vaccinated or naturally ill mothers retain immunity for 2 weeks after jigging (weaning) from their mother. At suckling age, puppies get sick only under poor conditions.
Susceptibility depends on breed, individual and genetic resistance.
Contribute to disease: helminthic infestation, lack of exercise, poor feeding, cold damp weather.
The main sources of infection: sick, recently ill (virus carrier. 2-3 months), animals in the incubation (latent) period. A dog can become infected not only through contact (this is an airborne infection), but also through intermediaries (people, rodents, birds, insects), as well as care items; you can bring the virus on clothes and shoes, on your hands.
Gates of infection: respiratory tract (and dogs are constantly busy sniffing), digestive tract (big fans of grabbing sticks, chewing grass, secretly swallowing some rubbish on the street).
The incubation period (hidden) is from 3 days to 3 weeks. At this time, the disease already exists, only there are no vivid clinical symptoms.
Plague of dogs can be lightning fast, acute, subacute, chronic, abortive, typical and atypical.
According to clinical signs, catarrhal, pulmonary, nervous and intestinal forms are distinguished. The division is conditional, since one form or another does not exist in its pure form.
The best protection is annual vaccinations. It is advisable to call a doctor at the initial stage of the pathological process, this will significantly reduce the risk of complications, it will be easier to cure the dog and your material costs will be much less, not to mention the risk of losing your beloved creature.
Initial signs and symptoms of distemper in dogs.
In a puppy, the mucous membrane or conjunctiva of the eye becomes slightly reddened, and not all. a narrow strip to the edge of the eyelid, closer to the eyeball, rare small (like grains of semolina) watery balls are visible; dandruff appears, especially at the base of the tail, and a slightly sour odor from the mouth. The temperature can rise to 41.5 ° C, but it may not rise. A small amount of mucus is released from the genital opening, and then pus. The retropharyngeal and inguinal lymph nodes are enlarged (at first slightly), there may be a rash on the abdomen and in the auricles. The nose may be wet and cool, but it does not give the impression of a wet leather ball due to the fact that it appears to be composed of individual scales, the edges of which even rise upward with increasing symptoms. The nose looks rough, there may be a mild catarrhal discharge. Sometimes, about a week before the onset of clinical symptoms, a drop of blood can be found in the feces, the appetite either worsens or recovers to normal. Younger dogs stop stretching and dusting themselves off (or less often).
In adult dogs, the initial signs are more difficult to detect. It should be noted some irritability, the appearance of dandruff in the area of the croup, a reaction of the mucous membrane (reddish stripe and follicles), a sour smell from the mouth, an increase in the pharyngeal and inguinal lymph nodes, and there is intelligibility in food. Temperature rise from 39.5 ° C to 42 ° C.
With all the initial signs, dogs practically do not refuse to eat. On the street. cheerful and active.
In untreated dogs, treatment started late, owners interrupted treatment due to visible improvement, treated haphazardly or with home remedies, the following options are possible:
- Chronic form. Lasts for months with alternation of some improvement and deterioration. It is expressed in increasing emaciation, diarrhea alternates with constipation, the dog becomes susceptible to secondary infections, the appetite is capricious, the coat is tousled, without shine, eyes that are festering or watery with a dry crust. The outcome is almost always fatal.
- Catarrhal in 2 stages: the manifestation of clinical signs, fever, conjunctivitis, damage to the intestines and lungs lasts from 7 days to 3 weeks. When treatment is started, clinical signs may disappear within a few days (or disappear without treatment after 2-3 weeks). Then comes the second stage. an apparent recovery, which can last from 7 days to 3 weeks (depending on the measures taken, the characteristics of the virus, the conditions of keeping the dog, its fatness and general “sportiness”), and ends with the appearance of signs of damage to the nervous system (from paresis of the extremities before epileptimorphic seizures). The appearance of paresis of the hind limbs is mainly what leads the frightened owners to the doctor: “He suddenly fell down. His legs gave way! ” It is difficult and long to heal, but it is possible. Better yet, avoid this condition.
- Damage to the nervous system. The nervous system is rarely affected at the onset of the disease, mainly at the end.
Basic rules of conduct for symptoms of plague in dogs
- Call a doctor immediately, notifying him that you suspect the disease. Insist on an urgent call.
- The success of the treatment largely depends on how quickly you paid attention to the alarming symptoms and injected a specific serum. If you buy and inject serum yourself, remember that you need to store it on the side wall of the refrigerator and bring it from the veterinary pharmacy, observing the same temperature regime.
- Do not stop treatment on your own, as plague is an insidious and serious disease that gives complications.
- Do not take your dog for a walk without a doctor’s permission, even if you think it is doing well.
- Identified early, the plague is almost 100% curable.
- In the event that the plague manifests itself with a sharp rise in temperature (up to 42 ° C) and a feverish condition, use herbal teas, rehydron, citroglucosalan, mineral water without gases before the doctor arrives. To reduce the temperature, you can wipe the groin and hairless areas with a weak solution of vinegar, give paracetomol or its derivatives.
The diagnosis is made only by a doctor, treatment in each case is individual, depending on age, form of plague, characteristics of the organism, sensitivity of the bacterial flora.
The plague is being treated, it is terrible for its complications, which can be avoided if you start treatment on time, in full volume and do not rush to consider the dog healthy.
Distemper in dogs: symptoms and signs, what to do
Distemper in dogs is a dangerous infectious disease that can lead to tragic consequences for the health and even life of the animal. Depending on the age of the pet, various complications may occur, leading to the disability of the dog. The infection is most dangerous in puppies that do not have primary immunity against this infection.
Canine distemper occurs suddenly and primarily affects puppies between the ages of two months and a year. Among canine diseases, it is considered the most dangerous after rabies.
Manifestation of distemper in dogs: the first symptoms and signs
The disease usually lasts about four weeks, but with complications, the manifestation of the distemper can be delayed for several months. Diagnosis is often extremely difficult, as the symptoms of plague can be very different depending on which organs are most affected. the throat, lungs, digestive organs, nervous system, or skin. If there are cases of illness in the vicinity, and your dog is at risk of infection, then, most likely, chills, sneezing, diarrhea, partial loss of appetite and small discharge from the eyes and nose are the first signs of distemper in dogs.
Distemper in dogs can produce very few symptoms if the infection is mild. However, the animal is dangerous in terms of infection and signs of distemper in dogs can appear in contacting animals. Canine distemper usually gives symptoms after the end of the incubation period, at which time the treatment is already ineffective.
There are several good vaccination regimens. According to one method, the vaccine is first administered, and a week later, a live virus is inoculated, according to the other, anti-plague serum and the virus are injected at the same time. The third method is to use a special virus weakened by passing through the bodies of several ferrets. When such a depleted virus is injected into a dog, it causes a mild form of the disease, after which it becomes immune (similar to the smallpox vaccine in humans).
Without special preparation, vaccinations cannot be done independently. But any veterinarian can do it, and you will have almost complete guarantee that your dog will not get sick with this terrible disease. It is believed that puppies should not be vaccinated until at least 3 months of age, as immunity may not be preserved. However, if you do not want to take risks, then you can get the vaccine earlier and then repeat it. The dog that is going to be vaccinated must be completely healthy, without worms, parasites, etc.
A dog has a distemper: what to do, disinfection
The plague acts on the body like an influenza, even many of the symptoms are similar. Like influenza, the disease incapacitates the resistance mechanism and thereby paves the way for the so-called secondary infections. pneumonia, inflammation of the intestines (enteritis) and brain (encephalitis).
Many pet owners do not know what to do if the dog has distemper, how to behave in this situation. Today it is known that the distemper virus disappears from the blood a few days after the first symptoms appear. The disease continues mainly as a secondary infection. Although the virus is no longer in the blood, it remains in other parts of the body and often causes serious damage to internal organs in the later stages of the disease.
Disinfection for distemper should include measures to eliminate the virus from the external environment. The distemper virus lives outside the body of an animal only at low temperatures. In a warm, dry room, he dies in a week. However, it is best to wait at least three weeks before letting in an unvaccinated dog. If it is necessary to do this earlier, then the room should be disinfected. Any litter or kennel that may have been contaminated must be burned.
The statistics of deaths from plague are unstable. Perhaps this is due to the fact that in different years the disease proceeds with varying degrees of severity. One researcher claims that a lot depends on the breed of dog, for example, among Bull Terriers, 90% of sick dogs survive, while out of 100 sick dogs and Danish dogs, only 10 survive.
Dogs that have had the plague may be partially or completely disabled: they lose sight, hearing and smell, and suffer from nervous muscle twitching. There are cases of mental disorders.
How the plague is transmitted. ways of infection
You need to know how the distemper is transmitted and what routes of infection exist in order to be able to prevent the pathogen from entering the dog’s body. Distemper is a viral disease that is contagious to dogs, but not spread to other pets and humans. Infection occurs mainly through the mouth, nose and ears. Insects and worms can carry the virus. A dog with distemper can breathe infecting other dogs even before symptoms appear. The disease is transmitted at any time of the year. Usually, it takes 5 days from the moment of infection to the onset of the first symptoms, but they can appear earlier and later. within 4 to 10 days. A dog that has had the distemper usually no longer gets sick.
Plague causes inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose and intestines. Sometimes pustules appear on the skin. The early symptoms are usually mild: slightly runny nose, watery eyes, the dog does not eat well, looks tired and may vomit. She avoids the light as if it cuts her eyes.
Sometimes in the first days the pet has dizziness, attacks of “chase”, but these symptoms soon disappear.
After about a week, profuse discharge from the nose and eyes begins, a dry cough and chills appear, the nostrils become dry, the dog begins to be thirsty, the temperature rises to 39-40 ° C.
Later, lesions of the brain and spinal cord may occur, causing nervous tics, convulsions and even paralysis.
The illness is usually accompanied by diarrhea. a dark-colored, foul-smelling stool.
A dog fell ill with plague: what to do, how to treat?
If the dog is sick with distemper, the veterinarian will tell you what to do in this case, depending on the condition of the animal. There is no specific treatment. Before treating a pet, favorable conditions are created for him. A pet with a distemper should be kept in a clean, dry, well-ventilated area. He needs to be given small amounts of high-calorie and easily digestible food: milk, eggs, raw meat, broth.
Discharge from your dog’s eyes and nose should be removed more often. The eyes should be flushed with a mild boric acid solution. To avoid cracking the nostrils, you need to lubricate your nose with petroleum jelly. A remedy has not yet been found to alleviate the nervous disorders that often appear during and after illness. The continuous twitching of individual muscles can become so violent that the muscles eventually become paralyzed. There are some successes in the treatment of some secondary manifestations of distemper, such as pneumonia, if it is noticed in time.
Prevention of distemper
To prevent the dog from getting sick, the most important preventive measure is vaccination. For the first time, the distemper vaccine is given at a puppy age older than 3 months. After that, vaccination will need to be carried out once every year.
The state of the pet’s immune system is of great preventive importance. The better the immunity, the lower the risk of infection and the higher the likelihood of a quick recovery in case of illness. The simple principles of keeping the dog will help to strengthen the dog’s defenses:
- clean bedding and bowl;
- good nutrition;
- periodic introduction of vitamin complexes into the feed;
- regular walks.
Washing the paws upon arrival from the street will help protect the animal from the plague, if the dog lives with the owner in the same room. In addition, you need to avoid dubious “acquaintances” of your four-legged friend, do not let go of the leash and do not leave unattended.
The mechanism of development of the disease
After the distemper virus has entered the animal’s body, it begins to actively multiply. The owner will not immediately determine that his pet is sick. During the first days the dog is in its normal state. The latent period of the virus reproduction can be on average a week, but sometimes two or even three. It is very rare for signs of illness to appear 2-3 days after contact between a healthy and an infected dog. This is possible only if the animal has practically no immunity.
Note: a dog who has had the plague remains immune to the virus for life.
After the incubation period has passed and the virus has multiplied sufficiently, the first signs of the disease appear.
Distemper in dogs
Distemper in dogs is a dangerous and common viral disease. Lack of timely treatment can lead to the death of the pet. To prevent such a situation, each owner should know how it spreads, how it manifests itself, what can be done to prevent it. It is clear and detailed about dog distemper. in our article.
Causes of distemper in dogs
The development of distemper in dogs occurs for one, only reason. the penetration into the body of an animal of a very infectious virus belonging to the family of paramyxoviruses. It is characterized by the following features:
- capable of very rapid reproduction;
- has a strong pathogenic effect on the body;
- can affect several organ systems at once or some specific one;
- retains activity in the physiological secretions of a sick dog for a week, and under favorable conditions and more.
After the virus enters the body of the animal, the dog itself becomes its carrier and source of infection.
Specific methods of treating distemper in dogs include blood transfusion from a dog that has had the plague, as well as the administration of serum. The first method is rarely used, the second is the most popular. Serum is pretreated blood drawn from a dog already immune to the virus. Thus, it is saturated with antibodies to infection. It is administered three times, 1-2 times a day (according to the condition of the dog). The most commonly used serums: Giksan, Globkan, Avirokan.
However, serum production may not always help, but only at the beginning of the development of the disease. The later the owner goes to the clinic, the less chances the pet has for recovery.
Initial symptoms of canine distemper
How does dog distemper manifest at the initial stage? Among the primary symptoms, the most common are:
- depressed look;
- puffiness and redness of the eyes;
- tousled coat;
- sensitivity to light (the dog begins to look for a darker place);
- disruption of the digestive tract;
- mucous discharge from the nose and eyes.
Not all animals show these signs equally. Their severity depends on the state of immunity, lifestyle, age and other factors. In addition, some symptoms of distemper may predominate, or others may be added to those listed (for example, an increase in body temperature). It is also of great importance which organ system is most affected by the virus.
Further development of the disease: forms of plague
Distemper symptoms in dogs are rarely seen in isolation, as the virus infects the entire body. However, on the basis of those that are most pronounced, several forms of the disease are conditionally distinguished.
In addition to classification according to the clinical picture, several forms of distemper in dogs are distinguished based on the duration of the disease.
- Lightning fast. Symptoms are almost not manifested, but the animal dies within 24 hours.
- Hyperacute. The temperature is very high. The animal refuses food. Death occurs on the second or third day.
- Sharp. Characterized by the above symptoms.
- Chronic. The periods of remission alternate with relapses. Duration of the disease. up to several months.
Attention! If any deviations in the behavior or condition of the dog appear, an urgent need to contact the veterinarian and take tests.
Recognize Distemper Symptoms in Dogs
Treatment of distemper in dogs should be comprehensive, including both the use of medications and additional funds. The direction of therapy depends on the clinical presentation and general condition of the dog. It is impossible to independently prescribe medications to an animal or treat it only with folk “proven” methods. The treatment regimen for canine plague should be drawn up by a qualified specialist.