home Dogs How to understand that a dog will soon whelp

How to understand that a dog will soon whelp

how to understand that a dog will soon give birth

Before pregnancy, and especially during you think that sooner or later you will need to give birth.

You are afraid of the unknown, but I have read and studied so much about childbirth)

My daughter is soon 3 years old, but I still could not gather my courage and write about my childbirth, although it was so interesting to read myself! I am correcting myself and hope that my long story will give cheerfulness and positive to everyone who is waiting for this miracle for the first time.

In short, on 6.09 they put me on the road. I came for a planned hospitalization, I thought they would let me take a walk. Selifanova Olga Gennadievna noticed that my sweatpants were sausage. called the doctors, they say:. “I have a funny girl here, she laughs with contractions, look at her.

TO GET A CHILD “? = It is very important to understand that the birth of a child is a miracle, this is the grace of God. Modern people often do not understand this. Now a completely different practice has taken root:” WE “make a child,” WE “give birth to him.

I will write for a long time and painfully, so that one hand is already occupied, apparently for a long time

we had supper with my husband on Friday evening, slapped some wine and went to the matrimonial bed to be naughty. husband means with a sense of accomplishment fell off immediately then sp.

I want to start with the fact that yesterday I went to the hospital and even received a paper for hospitalization as planned with signatures of everyone with a diagnosis: concussion in anemnesis. ))) it suits me perfectly.

Today I realized that time flew by very quickly, how glad I am that I give birth in late spring and winter for me fell in the middle of B!

So good that all sorts of sores let me go and besides yesterday’s dinner in the toilet, nothing bothers me (poor husband, tried to cook))))

Tomorrow I will see the doctor, I will ask about the maternity date, I will circle it on all the calendars and arrange a countdown)) On March 12, I have an ultrasound scan with a Doppler, I certainly want to look at the baby, but she kicks enough to feel that she is doing well. Finally, we have ceased to be ashamed of the folder so much. and then until yesterday evening, as he puts his hand on his stomach. she calms down: yes, of course he is strict with us, but not so much that the baby in the stomach is already afraid)))

I’m also thinking how to tell the dog and the cat that we are expecting a baby.?

The dog jumps on its belly and pulls on a walk, be healthy, and the cat does not show the slightest interest in the belly. but I would like increased attention to my person. People in the subway and those places give way!

Spring is approaching, March 8. and inside there is a feeling of an imminent holiday, it seems to me that I will fall in love this spring. into your child! By the way, all the aplikuhi put the PDR on June 2, and I want to give birth at the end of May, the number is 29, because both my husband and I have 29 birthdays!

We chose the maternity hospital (5), even went there, entered the emergency room, despite the fears of my husband. clean, nice, I want to go there already)) I hope to snatch courses for expectant mothers in my already beloved TsPSiR, and we changed clinic in disaster B (I will not name names so that there are no advertisements or anti-advertisements). I will say one thing. the main thing is to listen to yourself and choose a doctor and clinic that you liked and that’s it. Without explaning the reason! Even if the husband is against it, because after all, pregnancy is one of the reasons why we can do something for no particular reason))) well, you understand what I mean!

Crib (given by neighbors at a ridiculous price). PALI

Stroller emma. my green joy! Took a used one with Avito, after 1 child

Every little thing in the hospital: premium kea diapers, disposable panties (I found not shorts with a mesh, but airy panties) and Babyline breast pads. while this is all, a little later I will buy everything.

Summing up: 4 kg of happiness, while no sports (they keep the form of walking with Sobachevich) and

I will do the photo session later, when the belly is bigger, but for now:

Elderly animal care

The old age of a beloved animal can approach imperceptibly for the owner himself. However, this is inevitable. It will be good if a person can devote more time to his old friend. It is recommended to spend more time outdoors, do not forget about proper nutrition and regularly visit a doctor.

The latter is especially important. After all, as has been said more than once, the old age of a dog is accompanied by a number of concomitant diseases that can be detected at the initial stages.

An important question that worries the owners is why the dog died in one day? There are a lot of options. This could be:

  • rabies;
  • the animal ate poison or a product stuffed with dangerous drugs, for example, rat poison;
  • a strong bite caused damage to internal organs.

Some ailments, such as cancer or inflammation of the breast, can take a very long time and almost imperceptibly. The pet’s condition simply deteriorates at one point and it begins to die rapidly. Lymphomas are also dangerous and almost invisible. What does this mean? And that about terrible diagnoses it is necessary to find out in advance. This is the only way to help your pet live longer and not experience severe torment.

With regard to nutrition, it is recommended not to skimp on food or ready-made feed. Needless to say, an animal must eat well throughout its life. In old age, this should be given special attention. In particular, if the dog eats ready-made food, then they must be premium and super-premium.

How to tell if a dog is dying: signs of impending death

The death of a pet is something that sooner or later every pet owner will survive. Emotionally, it is very difficult to prepare for this in advance, but according to some signs, one can determine the imminent arrival of death. This article discusses the following questions: how to determine an early death, how to understand that a dog has died, the psychology of animal behavior during a given period.

How to recognize the approaching old age of a dog

How do dogs die of old age? In this case, everything happens in the same way as in a person. The aging process is good for the appearance and behavior of the animal. The coat gradually begins to fade and fall out, hearing and vision deteriorate.

Elderly dogs prefer to spend most of their time at rest, sleeping or just lying down. In addition, older dogs try to stay away from people, so that they are less touched and disturbed.

If an animal is in such a state, this does not mean that it will die. A pet can live like this for a day, a month, and several years. It all depends on the organism. Among the main signs of approaching old age are the following:

understand, soon, whelp
  • general activity decreases, the animal prefers to be at rest;
  • the dog sleeps more often, becomes lethargic;
  • the reaction to external stimuli decreases;
  • there are cardiac arrhythmias;
  • hearing, vision decreases;
  • the condition of the coat worsens;
  • coordination of movements is impaired;
  • decreased appetite, which leads to weight loss;
  • incontinence, indigestion, diarrhea and so on.

Important! When dogs reach the age of 10-11 years, the number of molts may become more frequent. At the same time, the hairline in some may not be restored.

Sleeps more often and longer

The need for long, deep and restful sleep in dogs also appears with age. The owners immediately notice the change in behavior. If earlier a doggie, for example, a Pekingese could carelessly rush around the apartment from early morning until late at night, now he has become more lazy, wakes up late and moves around the apartment reluctantly.

What really should alarm the owner is that the animal lies motionless all day long, refusing to get up even to eat. And if a pet huddled in a dark corner. this is a clear sign of impending death.

Violation of the processes of urination and defecation

Before death, changes in the body system lead to involuntary urination and defecation. The pet is simply unable to control its own urges.

Loose stools with an unpleasant, pungent odor are also a symptom of a pet’s short time left. You should be patient and never scold the animal.

Important! Such symptoms can signal the presence of an intestinal disease such as enteritis. If changes have occurred abruptly, it is recommended to consult a doctor.

Disorders in the work of the musculoskeletal system

How does a dog behave before death? As already mentioned, most dogs spend most of their time lying down. This happens not only due to a loss of strength, but also due to a disruption in the work of the musculoskeletal system.

The thing is that the amount of glucose in the blood decreases significantly, down to zero. It can cause cramps in the limbs and involuntary spasms. In such situations, pets stop even reacting to pain.

Visually, symptoms can be defined in another way. If the pet stands on its paws, it becomes noticeable impaired coordination and confusion of movements. In some cases, the hind limbs can begin to fail completely. In other words, the dog starts dragging its feet.

How to know if your dog is about to die

Knowing the signs of a dog’s death is essential so that owners can prepare for the inevitable. Given that the gradual onset of death can last several days from the moment the first signs appeared, the owner will be able to spend them next to the pet and somehow brighten up the withdrawal. In addition, it is very important that in the last minutes of his life the dog does not experience severe pain, some signs will also indicate this.

Death agony

The state of death agony causes panic and fear in a person. And the point is not that the owner does not know what is happening, but that the animal can experience severe pain. In fact, this is not always necessary. Death agony is a natural reaction of the body.

A person can recognize her by various signs. In some cases, pets behave aloof, lose consciousness, pupils stop dilating. In others, the dog actually experiences physical distress. She vomits, the animal whines from internal pain and a sense of hopelessness.

If a person understands that everything has already been done, the best decision would be to simply be near the pets. You can just sit next to your favorite terrier, stroke him, talk. The main thing is to try to remain calm yourself, so as not to disturb the dog once again.

First stage

At this time, there is a full disclosure of the cervix and the contractions of the uterus begin, due to which the offspring is “pushed” into the external environment. The dog is in pain at this time, the animal seems puzzled. It is especially hard for bitches who have not yet given birth: they seem to be “lost” and do not understand what is happening to them.

Your pet may whine, tremble, and begin to rush from room to room in search of the most suitable place. It is very important to talk calmly with the animal, stroking and soothing it. Most animals have no appetite at this time, in some cases vomiting is possible. Note that the contractions in dogs are rather short and the periods between them are long. This is the longest stage of labor. It is believed that it can last up to 6 or 18 hours.

In any case, after about five to seven hours, the cervix should already be at least half open. Inspection of this organ is a sure way to predict that the dog will give birth soon. If there are already contractions, the frequency of which is increasing, but the lumen of the organ remains narrow, this is guaranteed to indicate some complications (i.e. it’s time to bother the veterinarian). Experts advise that this period of labor takes place in the most calm and quiet room possible. Such conditions will help the dog to calm down faster and “tune in” to childbirth.

Important “bells

Let’s list the main “symptoms” indicating the possibility of early birth:

  • The pet becomes very restless, “twitchy”, she runs around the house and often hides behind sofas, in the closet and other remote places. The dogs kept in the aviary hide in the booth, showing up only from time to time. The animal tends to whine constantly and in alarm.
  • Approximately three days before the upcoming appearance of puppies, the dog’s urine can become very cloudy, and slimy “scraps” appear in it. All of the above indicates the beginning of dissolution of the plug that closes the cervix during pregnancy.
  • About two days before giving birth, colostrum begins to flow from the nipples when pressed. If this happens without physical impact, it is very possible that your pet will give birth today.
  • About five hours before the start of active labor, a huge amount of hormones is released into the dog’s blood. Because of this, her pupils dilate, the animal partly calms down, it can become very affectionate. It is useful at this time to sit with the pet, pet her and calmly talk to her.
  • Literally half an hour or an hour before the start of the “final” contractions, the bitch begins to arch her back strongly (but this does not happen in many animals), she often urinates. All of this hints that the smooth and striated musculature of the birth canal is already ready for the process of childbirth.
  • In many cases, a few minutes before the onset of labor, the animal lies down and tries not to get up. The bitch constantly licks the genitals, moisturizing them and stimulating the onset of contractions.
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It is very important in all the situations described above to remain calm and provide the pet with good conditions for childbirth. You can prepare dry and clean rags in advance, call the veterinarian, etc. This activity will help calm the owner himself.

Stages of the generic process

As with all mammals, the process of childbirth in dogs is divided into several stages. It is useful for every breeder to know about this: each stage has its own specific characteristics, as well as possible complications. If you notice signs of something wrong in time, it is much easier to avoid serious consequences.

Second stage

This period is characterized by strong contractions of the uterine muscles, the intervals between which are gradually becoming shorter. From the external genital organs of the animal, the edge of the fetal bladder is shown (note that they are separate for each puppy). As a rule, in a normal birth, a puppy appears every half hour. This is preceded by ten minutes of strong contractions.

After the baby leaves the genital tract, the mother must free him from the remnants of the membranes, lick and bite the umbilical cord. It is very important to allow the dog to do this on its own, without interfering (with the exception of cases when the mother is extremely weak). Licking with a rough and rough tongue stimulates the growth of subcutaneous circulation and stimulates the respiratory activity of the newly born puppy. The bitch will probably eat some (or all) of the afterbirths, but not all home-raised animals do.

But what if your pet was so weakened by difficult childbirth that she simply did not have any strength left? If the bitch does not open the fetal sac and lick the puppies to stimulate breathing, you yourself must carefully remove the remnants of the membranes, remove all liquid from the baby’s nose and mouth (use cotton swabs and discs for this), and then rub the puppy vigorously to stimulate breathing.

Please note that in some cases, it can take up to four (!) Hours between the birth of individual puppies, and this is not considered a pathology.

How do I know when my dog will give birth. Gabby the Goldendoodle

But! If more than four hours have passed, and you suspect that you have forgotten someone inside (for example, the bitch still has light contractions), be sure to call your veterinarian. In addition, the help of a specialist is required in cases where the dog has very strong contractions, but the puppy is not born for an hour or more. In a situation where the animal’s strength is running out, and the baby’s paws are sticking out of the birth canal, you can try to help the dog by gently pulling the baby out. But this must be done very carefully, since the bone tissue of not yet born puppies is very delicate and it is easy to damage it.

The birth of puppies with hind legs forward (breech presentation) is not a pathology. In some cases, the veterinarian (and only he) can give an injection of oxytocin to speed up labor and improve the discharge of the placenta. In addition, the specialist may decide whether to perform a caesarean section. This often happens when the father of the puppies was much larger than the mother (interbreeding).

How to understand that a dog is giving birth: symptoms, signs, stages of labor

Even to a person far from biology and veterinary medicine, it is obvious that during childbirth, dogs always have a certain probability of complications. If at least something goes wrong, but no one is around, everything can end very badly. But calling a veterinarian in a timely manner is not a problem. The difficulty lies elsewhere. How do you know in a timely manner that the dog is giving birth? precisely, are there any precursors of childbirth that even an inexperienced breeder can notice? We will try to tell you about this in as much detail as possible.

Primary symptoms of impending labor

Pregnancy in dogs lasts approximately 63 days (56-69 days). The term of maturity in animals of large and “” breeds varies greatly. About a couple of weeks before the expected due date, start measuring your pet’s body temperature daily.

Buy a regular electronic thermometer. Note that in dogs, total body temperature is measured by placing a measuring device in the rectum. To keep the dog from feeling unpleasant, lubricate the tip of the thermometer with any oil or cream. The temperature is measured over a period of about three minutes. Note that normal values ​​in adult dogs range from 37.5-39.2 ° Celsius.

Please note that if the temperature drops below 37.5 ° Celsius in a pregnant dog (if it does not have hypothermia), it is a sure indication that labor will begin within the next 24 hours.!

Note that in ” size” dogs, body temperature immediately before childbirth can drop to 36.3-36.5 °. Again, this should not be considered a pathology. The body at this time gathers strength for the “final spurt”, accumulating energy reserves.

Try not to worry and understand that in dogs at least 98% of births proceed completely normal without the intervention of the owner or the veterinarian. over, if you start to panic yourself, your pet is likely to transmit nervousness, which will not contribute to the normal course of labor. Please note that puppies most often begin to be born either early in the morning, or late in the evening, or even at night. Make an appointment with the veterinarian in advance so that he can immediately come and monitor the condition of the animal. If you start calling clinics in the midnight silence, it is far from a fact that the specialist will be able to arrive on time.!

Third stage

In general, dogs do not “officially” have the third stage of childbirth, this concept was borrowed from human obstetric science. Many veterinarians deny the need to isolate this stage in animals, since the time and boundaries of the period are very blurred.

The third period means the time of removal of the placenta, blood and tissue residues. In fairness, it should be noted that this time is still very important. If, for some reason, your pet’s uterus does not contract after childbirth, the contents remaining in it will begin to rot. At best, this will lead to severe purulent endometritis, but even lethal outcomes are not uncommon (when the process turns into a necrotic form).

What to do when the pet started giving birth? The most important thing is not to panic. Leave the dog alone, but naturally, you should not leave the house. Check the condition of the animal every half hour and, if necessary, be ready to call the veterinarian. Once again, we repeat that the number of successful natural childbirth in dogs is approaching 100%, and therefore there is no need to worry too much.

Primiparous

Carrying out the process at home

If you are new to this business, it is best to enlist the help of a veterinarian or take your pet to the clinic. But it so happens that there is no way out how to give birth to a dog on your own. Start preparing for this process in advance.

Remember that having puppies is a messy business, so prepare as many rags as possible. The bedspread that you will lay under the bitch will later have to be thrown away, so you do not need to take a new one.

After that, a place for childbirth is selected, as well as a box for the puppies. If the dog is large, then you can prepare an arena, if there is no one, fence off more space and build a kind of fence, as small children will actively try to get out from behind the fences. Make sure there is good heating. After that, prepare all the necessary instruments for childbirth.

You should have the following medicines on hand:

  • Alcohol or vodka.
  • Ampoules of glucose 5%.
  • Synthomycin emulsion 10%.
  • Hydrogen peroxide.
  • Traumeel and brilliant green.

Do not forget to also prepare syringes, scissors, silk threads in case of tying the umbilical cord, and without fail in a prominent place put notes with all the phone numbers of veterinarians who will come to your aid at any time of the day.

If the dog itself cannot gnaw off the umbilical cord, for example, because of the anatomical features of the body, then the owner will have to do it. It is not recommended to use scissors for these purposes, as blood will flow. Better to pull it and tear it off.

After the birth process begins and the babies go outside, be sure to probe the dog’s belly for any remaining cubs. Also, all the afterbirth should come out, if you doubt that the last afterbirth came out, then you need to contact the veterinarian.

By the way, the dog eats all the traces. But if there are more than 2-3 of them, then do not allow her to eat the rest, otherwise a malfunction in digestion will begin. Don’t forget to change dirty diapers.

Fast (rapid) childbirth

Rapid or rapid childbirth in dogs is characterized by the birth of puppies. in 2-4 hours in multiparous and 4-6 hours in primiparous bitches. The danger of such births is that the waters drain quickly, and the puppy has not yet been born. In this case, he can pick up some kind of infection.

In addition, during rapid childbirth, the dog’s uterus contracts faster, and this condition can damage the fragile body of newborns, for example, injure the cervical region of puppies. Therefore, with a quick birth, you need to seek help from a professional.

Physiological changes. temperature, water, other

Physiological changes as labor approaches include:

  • For 3-4 days, the bitch’s belly begins to “sag”.
  • When looking at the pet from above, it seems that he has lost weight and even “hungry” hollows are visible on the sides.
  • Although firstborns may not have these signs.
  • Decrease in body temperature in dogs by 1-1.5 ° C 8-24 hours before delivery. So if the temperature norm of a bitch is 38-39 ºС, then before giving birth it drops to 37-37.5 ºС.
  • And one more sign of a close delivery, this is a sharp calming down of puppies in the womb, which before that were actively pushing and moving.
  • A few hours before the birth of the cubs, the cork begins to recede, that is, liquid whitish discharge appears.
  • During this period, the dog begins to tremble and chills, heartbeat and breathing become more frequent.

All these physiological changes indicate that soon, in about a day, the puppies will be born.

The preparation stage can last from several hours to one day. If this time is delayed for more than 24 hours, while the dog does not start contractions, then urgently contact your veterinarian.

Help

Many are concerned about whether it is necessary to call a veterinarian for help if the dog is primiparous. Experts recommend doing this if the owner himself has never encountered the birth of dogs and does not know how to behave in this case. If the owner has encountered such a situation before and even participated in this process himself, then there is no need to worry. Although it is advisable to take a doctor’s number in advance.

How does the pet behave before starting?

Experts distinguish three stages of the onset of labor:

  • The first stage is preparatory, when the opening of the birth canal begins.
  • The second stage is characterized by contractions.
  • The third stage is the birth of puppies and the appearance of the placenta.

It is during the period of preparation for childbirth that the behavior of the dog changes not only physiologically, but also psychologically. It is expressed as follows:

  • Obvious anxiety in behavior, the bitch rushes around the house, begins to dig the floor or her bedding, sometimes hides in a secluded place.
  • It’s hard for her to be in one place, she lies down, then gets up, then turns.
  • Some breeds become too affectionate during this period, they do not leave the owner and look into his eyes in a special way.
  • Some dogs start asking to go outside, take her out, but bring her back home soon.
  • Some bitches lose their appetite, others ask for food, and still others vomit. In this case, everything is individual.
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How to understand that a dog will give birth soon? The main signs

If your dog is to become a parent in the near future, then, of course, it is very exciting. You may be worried about your pet’s health and worry about the birthing process. It’s all ok.

In order not to get into a mess and be fully armed, it is better to thoroughly prepare for this process. Extra knowledge about the delivery of a dog will not hurt.

Features in small breeds

Small breeds such as dachshunds, Yorkshire terriers, Chihuahuas and toy terriers give birth in the same way as large ones. But the period before childbirth can have distinctive features. The nervous system in small breeds is too thin, so prenatal behavior will be more pronounced in them than in large dogs.

Yorkies, toy terriers, chihuahuas, standard dachshunds carry offspring on average 60-63 days, dwarf and rabbit dachshunds go pregnant for no more than 60 days.

Signs of an old dog

Aging in dogs occurs in much the same way as in humans. The condition of the coat deteriorates, gray hair appears, and the look fades. Elderly, old dogs become less active, move more slowly and more accurately, often refuse active games and outdoor entertainment, during walks they are practically not interested in the world around them, preferring to lie in silence away from people and animals.

A similar condition can last from several weeks, months, and up to a year, provided that the animal does not suffer from any pathologies. The dog quietly fades away, weakens, so be prepared that one of the days your beloved pet will leave this world.

Important! In addition, you need to understand that in elderly pets, chronic, systemic pathologies may worsen. If the dog does not sleep well, sleeps restlessly, shows anxiety, constantly whines, groans, refuses to eat, other symptoms are noticeable. this most likely means that the dog is experiencing discomfort, suffers from pain. In this case, the dog can literally fade away before our eyes, especially with oncology.

The main signs of old age in dogs:

  • decreased activity, slowdown in movement;
  • drowsiness, lethargy, depression;
  • weak reaction to external stimuli;
  • violation of the heart rhythm;
  • decreased visual acuity;
  • deterioration in the condition of the coat;
  • changes in behavior;
  • violation of coordination of movement;
  • sudden weight loss;
  • decreased appetite;
  • change in taste preferences;
  • frequent urination, bowel movements, unstable stools.

In elderly, old dogs, after 9-10 years of age, the molting time increases, while in many, a few months before death, the coat does not recover. Bald spots, hairless areas appear on the body, especially in the croup, around the tail, on the limbs, and the sternum. The wool is dull, faded, falls out in tufts.

In older animals, teeth (canines, incisors) acquire a yellow, yellow-brown tint, are severely worn down and may fall out. It is difficult for dogs to chew bones, solid food.

Another sign of aging dogs is decreased sex drive. Even hyperactive loving males, as they grow old, cease to be interested in individuals of the opposite sex, but after 10-11 years they absolutely do not react to the flirting of bitches. The same applies to females during the period of sexual heat. Even during the rut, the bitch will in every possible way drive away annoying suitors, not allowing them to sit on herself.

What do dogs die from?

The appearance of a pet in the house is not only a joyful, but a responsible event. From the first days, the pet needs proper systematic care, attention, care and love.

Important! The duration, quality of life of our smaller brothers largely depends on the actions and attitude towards the animal of the owner, family members.

You need to understand that our pets live much less than humans. The average life span of a dog is 10-13 years. There are cases when dogs lived up to 17-18 years old. But these indicators are individual for each specific animal and the life of a pet can end at any time.

At the same time, representatives of large, giant, medium-sized breeds can live only 9-11 years, small dogs live 12-14 years. Life expectancy depends not only on the breed, but also on many other reasons (care, health status).

  • from old age;
  • viral-bacterial, infectious diseases;
  • invasive diseases;
  • incurable infections;
  • oncological diseases;
  • autoimmune, advanced chronic pathologies;
  • congenital, genetic abnormalities.

Often the cause of death of dogs is serious injury, injuries incompatible with life. Puppies, young dogs, unprovoked pets can die from disease (viral, bacterial) if treatment is not started on time. Nevertheless, most diseases of infectious etiology have a lightning-fast development, and the dog should be treated immediately after the first symptoms appear. Some diseases can be cured only at an early stage of their development.

Dogs die from poisoning with poisons, potent toxins, chemicals, medicines. Therefore, to prevent this from happening, keep medicines, medicines at home in inaccessible places for dogs, and on walks, make sure that the dog does not pick up muck from the ground.

Other signs, manifestations of an aging dog

A sure sign of the approaching old age of animals is a decrease in appetite. A dog that has an excellent appetite and constantly begs for treats from the owner, may periodically refuse food or constantly malnourish the usual portion.

Even if the owner gives a favorite treat, the dog may refuse it, but as a token of gratitude he will lick the tidbit or the owner’s hand. This condition is explained by a decrease in the body’s energy requirements, as well as a slowdown in metabolism. Do not force the pet to eat or try to force feed the pet.

After eating, older dogs may develop metabolism, bloating, belching, and hiccups. It is not uncommon for dogs to regurgitate some of the food they eat after eating. Do not forget that due to age-related changes, the functioning of internal organs and systems is disrupted.

In the digestive tract, with age, the number of enzymes that take part in digestion and assimilation of food decreases, and the number of beneficial intestinal bacteria decreases. Therefore, after eight years, veterinarians recommend nutritional adjustments.

The diet should consist of easily digestible nutritious food. If the dog is kept on ready-made industrial complete feed, purchase products marked “For old, elderly” animals premium, super-premium categories.

In older dogs, frequent urge to urinate and uncontrolled emptying of the bladder are noted. over, even if the dog asks for a walk, the pet can relieve himself at home or in the entrance and it is absolutely impossible to scold the dog for this.

Unstable stools (constipation, diarrhea) are common in aging dogs. The process of defecation can cause discomfort, accompanied by pain.

Pay attention to your gait. Older, older dogs move more slowly and gently. In some pets, you may notice a wobbly gait, frequent involuntary muscle spasms, cramps.

Sometimes there is a weakening of control over the language. In this case, the dog’s mouth is constantly open, the lower jaw drops, saliva flows.

In dogs, chronic diseases, pathologies, illnesses are exacerbated. Representatives of large breeds are diagnosed with joint diseases, muscle weakness, ophthalmological, endocrine diseases.

Recently, cases of oncology have become more frequent and, as a rule, cancer is noted in dogs of older age groups. Unfortunately, the owners do not always manage to recognize cancer at the initial stages of its development. Therefore, dogs enter the clinic even when the tumor has metastasized and it is impossible to save the pet in this case. The veterinarian can prescribe only supportive therapy, which is aimed at improving the life of the pet, reducing pain spasms.

How to help a dying dog

In some cases, if the dog has been suffering from a chronic disease for a long time, supportive therapy, treatment does not give any results, the animal is in severe pain, the veterinarian will suggest elective euthanasia. It is an easy, quick and painless death. Euthanasia relieves the pet from physical suffering, minimizes pain, fear of loss of consciousness that animals experience before death.

Euthanasia is performed by veterinarians in case of cancer, the presence of multiple serious injuries incompatible with life (head trauma), as well as in the case of diagnosing incurable infections (rabies, Aujeszky, tuberculosis).

Advice! To euthanize or not to euthanize the dog is only the decision of the owners. But in many situations, this is a more humane method in relation to your beloved dog. It is really unbearable to watch your pet suffer, and you can do nothing to help him.

To alleviate the suffering, pain of your pet, constantly monitor its behavior. Surround the doggie with care, proper care. If the animal dies easily, provide it with peace, silence. Try not to leave your dog. So the dog will feel more comfortable and calm in the last moments of his life.

How to understand that a dog is dying of old age, illness and how to help

No matter how much we love and be attached to our smaller brothers, unfortunately, sooner or later, like all living beings, animals go to another world. Death, even in relation to dogs, is a really sad reality that all breeders of these beautiful loyal creatures will have to face without exception. But so that the death of a pet does not become a sudden blow, consider the signs of impending extinction, by which one can understand that the dog is dying. Perhaps this knowledge will help you mentally prepare for the calm care of your beloved dog at least a little.

How to know if your dog is about to die

Unfortunately, the death of pets can occur suddenly, as already noted, due to illness, due to severe injuries, severe poisoning, intoxication.

But if the dog is healthy, it is possible to understand that the pet will soon leave for another world and this sad event will occur in the next day, not only by the changed habits and behavior, but also by the following signs:

  • Shallow, intermittent breathing. Normally, the breathing rate of an adult dog is 25 = 35 breaths per minute. Before death, this figure is 10-12 breaths / min. Gradually, the lungs stop filling, breathing becomes barely perceptible and when the dog dies, it completely subsides.
  • Pulse rate change. The dying dog’s pulse is threadlike and is approximately 55-65 beats / min. In the last hours before the death of an animal, it is practically not felt.
  • Involuntary bowel movements (diarrhea), urination, vomiting. Very often, before the death of animals, they involuntarily empty themselves. This is explained by the fact that animals are no longer able to control their body, the muscles are completely relaxed. Vomit, feces contain mucus, foam, particles of undigested feed, bloody substances. The urine is dark in color, the stool exudes an unpleasant specific odor. The excrement may contain foam, blood, foreign inclusions. After death, the dog pees, will empty one last time due to loss of muscle control.
  • Inability to stand up. A few days before death, the dog gets up a little, practically does not leave its litter, house. Possible disorientation in space, impaired coordination of movements. Often, a pet, trying to get up, falls on its side or immediately crouches. In this situation, neither massage, nor rubbing, nor medications will help. The brain gradually dies off, loses its neural connection with muscle structures, ligaments.
  • Complete atrophy of muscle structures. A similar condition is noted in very old dogs, as well as in animals that, due to illness, due to problems in the work of the musculoskeletal system, have moved little in recent months. The dog’s legs are parting, it is difficult for the dog to hold his head, the dog does not get up from the litter. Muscles feel like jelly on palpation.
  • Dry skin. Before death, the epidermis loses its elasticity. The skin coarsens, becomes dry, does not return to its usual place if pulled back. This is explained by dehydration, a change in the structure of collagen fibers. The epidermis may appear pale, bluish.
  • Loss, clouding of consciousness.

A few days before death, tactile sensitivity decreases in dogs. The dog practically does not feel pain. over, if the animal is sick, in order to reduce the pain syndrome, especially with oncology, you need to continue injecting or giving the dog analgesics, which were prescribed by the veterinarian.

You can notice involuntary muscle spasms, cramps. Before death, the pet reacts very weakly or absolutely does not respond to external stimuli, regardless of the intensity of their impact. At the same time, it is possible that the dog hears you, understands, feels.

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Why do dogs run away from home before they die?

It is believed that dogs and cats feel the approaching demise. If the dog is strongly attached and devoted to its owner, family members, in the last days of its life the dog will constantly be near its owner, literally following on the heels. Pay attention to your beloved pet, try to make its last days and hours as pleasant and comfortable as possible. Surround the dog with love, affection, warmth.

In this case, it so happens that the dogs, feeling the approaching death, run away from the house. There are several versions explaining this behavior of a pet. Some experts agree that dogs run away from home because they feel anxious about their owners. But by and large, this is not true. Dogs, although they know how to recognize our emotional state, but in order to do so, you need to have a human consciousness. In addition, for animals, life and death are equally natural.

Most biologists agree that the dog’s escape from home before death is due to the same reasons as the departure of a sick old wolf from the pack. In dogs in recent days, consciousness becomes cloudy, the skills imparted in the process of communication with a person are forgotten, but at the same time natural instincts are activated. It is because of this that dogs, overcoming weakness, try to get away from home as far as possible.

Important! But if the dog retained consciousness and is very strongly attached to the owner, he will spend his last days with the members of his pack, will remain to die in the house or in the arms of his owner. Do not regret your free time, spend it with your beloved dog, stay with the animal as much as possible.

After the dog leaves life, you will remember for a long time the pleasant moments from communicating with your dog. Perhaps a new pet can help ease the pain of losing a loyal friend. A restless funny puppy will again fill the house with joy, positivity and help to avoid depression caused by the death of a beloved dog. Decide on the breed and give the dog a new nickname.

What to do if your puppy is half out and stuck?

Wrap the puppy with gauze and pull it forward and downward to the loop (in an arc) as you push it back. If the puppy’s head and shoulders are outside. burst the bubble and free the airways from mucus. from this moment you need to constantly hold the puppy, he should not go inside, otherwise it will suffocate.

Literature

  • Zhmurov V.A. Great Encyclopedia of Psychiatry, 2nd ed., 2012.
  • In 30 volumes. M.: “Soviet Encyclopedia”, 1969-1978
  • V. Tolochek. Modern labor psychology: glossary, 2005.

How dogs give birth

How to resuscitate a puppy if he is not breathing?

Sometimes it happens that the bladder breaks even in the birth canal and the amniotic fluid enters the baby’s respiratory tract. If the puppy is breathing poorly (or not breathing at all), the following manipulations will help:

use a syringe to free the puppy’s mouth and nose from mucus, sometimes you need to suck the liquid out with your mouth;
2. If there is a lot of liquid in the mouth, place a thin gauze swab in the mouth for a few seconds. it will absorb the mucus;
3. open the puppy’s mouth and gently pull out the tongue, as a last resort, if the puppy is breathing, but weak, you can drop ONE drop of cognac on the tip of the tongue;
4.Lay a waffle towel on your palm, put the puppy on your palm, cover it with a towel and rub it well, confidently, but gently from the tail to the neck (rub the puppy with a towel and preferably a waffle one, since the texture of this material is great for such rough massage);
5. take the puppy with both hands, wrapping it in a waffle towel, fix the neck and head, and intensively but carefully shake the baby, wave your hands (as if chopping wood, but the range of motion should be small);
6.Grip the puppy with both hands so that it lies across the palms, and gently pull and squeeze it (like an accordion).

What if the puppy can’t get out of the bitch? (shoulders stuck due to the large size of the fetus)

Most often, the fetus moves forward along the birth canal with its head: the legs are folded under the muzzle, the spine is parallel to the mother’s spine, that is, the puppy is born with its back up. Sometimes the puppy is too big and the bitch cannot give birth to him in any way. in this case, you need to help the dog: carefully release first one shoulder of the puppy, then the other. Once the shoulders are out, the puppy will be born easily. Hands should be clean, nails filed short. To release the shoulders, the puppy needs to be swayed from side to side, very carefully, literally by a millimeter only during attempts. If the puppy is slippery and you can’t grab it (and most likely you will) try to hold it with a gauze napkin.

What to do if a bitch’s noose is completely dry?

Fill a syringe without a needle with a little boiled petroleum jelly (temperature not higher than 38 degrees) and inject it into the loop of the bitch, the oil will lubricate the birth canal and the puppy will be born faster.

What to do if the puppy’s neck appears and the bitch cannot give birth?

One of the most dangerous situations occurs when the delivery of a dog is complicated by an incorrect presentation of the fetus. If the puppy turns his neck towards the exit, the bitch suffers for a long time, quickly loses strength, but cannot push the puppy out. In such a situation, you need to act quickly (a stuck puppy prevents the birth of the rest, who may die, becoming bugged with amniotic fluid), but very carefully (you cannot press too hard on the puppy, you can damage it or provoke a rupture of the cervix). Gently push the puppy’s withers inward with your little finger (the little finger should be bent in an arc, repeating the bend of the puppy’s spine), trying to unfold it so that the back goes inward, and the head is at the birth canal. If you do everything correctly, the puppy will easily take the desired position, if it does not work out, urgently call the veterinarian.

How to recognize early signs of labor in a dog

Movements must be very careful !;
7. doing artificial respiration, inhale the air into the baby’s lungs through the nose very gently, the lung volume of a newly born puppy is very small.

How to tell if your dog sees poorly: symptoms

If you are wondering how to tell if your dog is seeing poorly, there are several things you can do to identify vision problems. First, your four-legged friend’s eyes may undergo noticeable changes, including:

  • Redness and irritation
  • The appearance of a blue halo
  • Injuries and bleeding
  • Excessive dry tear discharge
  • The appearance of purulent crusts

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In addition, the dog may experience changes in its behavior due to partial or complete loss of vision. For example, you may notice the following anomalies:

  • The dog cannot recognize you even at a distance of several meters;
  • The animal has difficulty recognizing places and objects, such as bowls and games;
  • The dog looks disoriented and often bumps into walls and obstacles;
  • The dog walks, sniffing the ground, and not, as usual, with his head raised;
  • At night, the animal does not see well.

When it comes to vision loss, your dog will have obvious symptoms. However, dogs can certainly have a good quality of life thanks to their well-developed hearing and sense of smell.

Causes of blindness in dogs

What are the main causes of vision problems in dogs? Blindness can be partial or complete, and include one or both eyes. Among the main factors behind this problem:

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  • Genetic diseases in dogs;
  • Old age;
  • Injuries and bruises;
  • The occurrence of diseases such as cataracts, glaucoma, and diabetes in the dog.

How to understand the reasons why the dog sees poorly? Do not hesitate to contact your veterinarian who, after a thorough eye examination, will be able to provide diagnostics and possible therapy to improve your friend’s quality of life.

How to tell if your dog is losing sight

Sight is one of the most important senses because it allows us to see our surroundings and move wherever we want. Sight, along with other senses, allows dogs to see the world in a different way. But what happens if your dog does not see well at all??

Does your little dog seem disoriented and are you afraid that she may have lost her eyesight? The causes of vision problems in dogs are numerous, and not necessarily serious or irreparable. Of course, urgent measures must be taken to protect his health. Let’s figure out together how to understand if a dog sees poorly.

Practical tests

How do you know if your dog is seeing poorly? Not only by identifying symptoms associated with visual problems in the animal, but also by performing tests commonly used by a veterinarian:

  • He shines a bright flashlight into the dog’s eyes. Is the dog annoyed and looking away? If he remains motionless, it is very likely that the animal does not see well;
  • Place obstacles in the room and ask the dog to cross it. Does the dog stumble or avoid them? In the first case, he most likely does not see them;
  • Move any object in front of his eyes. Does the dog follow him with his eyes? If he doesn’t, he probably has vision problems.

Signs of labor in dogs

The dog sees poorly: how to help him?

After answering the question of how to tell if your dog is seeing poorly, let’s see what we can do to help him get used to this new condition if the disorder is irreversible. Above all, do not despair: although the dog seems surprisingly awkward at first, know that vision is not the main sense on which the animal bases its perception and interaction with the world.

In fact, hearing and smell in dogs is much more powerful and reliable. For this, the dog will soon get used to its new state. What to do to make it easier for him? Make the environment in which he lives protected from obstacles to make it easier for him to move. Also, be patient and stick to his schedule without forcing him to do anything. Soon he will again become a cheerful and docile four-legged friend from the past.!

Unlike humans, a dog’s nose is more powerful and allows them to know who they are with and where they are going. The dog’s ear works in a similar way. It can pick up frequencies much lower than the human ear, allowing dogs to hear sounds at a great distance.