What is lichen
Lichen of animals is an infectious disease more often of a fungal nature (it can also be a viral and allergic form) that affects the skin, hair, and claws. Among the variety of forms, there are non-infectious species: pink, red flat and weeping lichen do not pose a threat to humans.
Ringworm in a kitten
The main danger is ringworm (microsporia, trichophytosis, feline lichen) caused by pathogenic fungal microorganisms Microsporum gypseum, Microsporum canis, Trichophyton. An infected animal is source of infection for humans. That is why the owner of a fluffy pet must understand what lichen in cats is, as well as identify and treat it in a timely manner.
Contagious ringworm caused by different types of fungi has identical clinical signs, therefore it is often called according to the type of pathogenic fungus: microsporia, trichophytosis. A feature of these pathogens is their high resistance in the external environment. Spores of dermatophyte fungi retain pathogenic properties for several years.
Most often, young animals at the age of one year are susceptible to the disease, adults suffer from lichen less often. Often, animals, not showing clinical signs of the disease, are carriers of infectious dermatophytosis. The state of the animal’s immune system plays a great role in the development of pathology. Strong pet immunity is a reliable barrier to fungal infection.
With regular preventive examinations, the owner can independently detect the first signs of the disease. To do this, you should know how lichen begins in cats, since early detection of infection will allow you to quickly begin treatment and prevent infection of households.
Due to the fact that the pathogenic fungus microsporia or trichophytosis affects hair cells, the first sign of pathology is hair loss in the animal, the appearance of dandruff. The condition of the coat is deteriorating. Affected hair breaks easily and falls out. The process develops quite quickly, and soon areas without hair. alopecia. are found on the pet’s body. Baldness foci are more often observed on the head, ears, paws, tail. Later, areas of the affected skin are found on the back, abdomen.
The hair follicles infected with the fungus are vulnerable to the penetration of bacteria and viruses. The development of the inflammatory process occurs, the skin becomes covered with crusts, scabs, scales. This worries the animal, and it intensively combs the affected areas.
How lichen appears in cats is influenced by the form of the disease. So, lichen pink is characterized by the development of rounded or oval pathological foci of pink color up to 2 cm in size.The animal experiences severe itching.
The pityriasis form is localized on the back, neck and limbs in the form of yellowish round spots.
Lichen planus is characterized by oozing blisters. The hair around the lesion is wet and sticky. This form of the disease causes anxiety in the animal, burning and itching.
Weakening of immunity, exhaustion, use of immunosuppressive drugs aggravate clinical manifestations. The pathological process includes not only hair follicles, but also claws.
With the development of the disease, not only local changes are observed, but also in the general condition. The animal’s appetite decreases, body weight decreases, it becomes apathetic, lethargic.
Important signs that tell you how to spot lichen in a cat
Lichen is a contagious disease that poses a danger not only to surrounding animals, but also to humans. Children and the elderly are especially susceptible to fungus. How to identify lichen in a cat? How to treat it if found?
How to understand that a cat has lichen? To do this, you need to know how the pet is infected, what factors contribute to the spread of the infection. The source of pathogenic microorganisms is primarily sick animals. Most often, stray street cats are susceptible to the disease, as well as domestic cats that often walk outdoors. Infection with lichen occurs both upon contact with sick individuals and during the hunt for rodents.
Fleas and ticks can also contribute to infection with the pathogenic fungus. Disputes of the causative agent of dermatophytosis can be brought by the owner with shoes, household items, so cats that have never been on the street are often exposed to the disease.
Risk factors include injury and microtrauma of the skin. Violation of the integrity of the skin leads to rapid infection with pathogenic microorganisms. The risk of developing a fungal infection increases when a large number of animals are kept indoors (nurseries, shelters), if sanitary and hygienic conditions of detention are not observed.
Some cat breeds have a high susceptibility and lack of immunity to pathogens of trichophytosis and microsporia. Himalayan and Persian cats are more likely to get ringworm. Long-haired pets are more susceptible to disease compared to owners of short fur coats.
We recommend that you read about how lichen is transmitted from cat to person. You will learn about the ways of infection, signs that the pet has ringworm, treatment options for lichen in humans, preventive measures after infection. And here is more about how to treat lichen in a cat.
There are not so many options on how to recognize lichen in a cat. Even an experienced veterinarian will not make a diagnosis based on clinical signs alone. To determine the type of pathogenic microorganism, it is necessary to conduct laboratory tests. Therefore, a reliable diagnosis can only be made on an outpatient basis.
In order to diagnose a fungal infection in a veterinary clinic, the following methods are used:
- Transillumination of the fur and skin of the animal with a special Wood lamp. Under the influence of ultraviolet radiation, the spores of pathogenic fungi glow with a fluorescent light of a characteristic apple-green color. However, the method is unreliable, since many non-pathogenic microorganisms can also emit light.
- Microscopic examination of damaged hairs allows you to visually identify spores of pathogenic fungi. They are found in about 40. 70% of cases.
- Sowing on special media with subsequent identification of the grown fungal culture. As a biological material, crusts and scales are taken from the lesions of the fungus. The method is the most accurate and informative.
When making a diagnosis, it is necessary to distinguish lichen in a cat from diseases with similar clinical signs: eczema, pyoderma, numerous dermatoses, allergic reactions. Differential diagnosis is based on laboratory research methods.
How to treat
Treatment of any form of lichen requires patience from the owner and the implementation of all procedures prescribed by a specialist. All manipulations with the animal should be carried out with gloves, after which hands should be thoroughly washed with soap and treated with a disinfectant.
In complex therapy, local remedies are widely used in the form of ointments, solutions, sprays, shampoos. Their principle of action is based on antifungal action. Ointments such as “Sanoderm”, “Clotrimazole”, “Miconazole”, “YAM BK” and others are effective against pathogenic fungi. Sprays from lichen, for example, “Fungin”, are convenient to use. The means of local antimicrobial action include solutions “Fucoricin”, “Thermikon”, “Ivamerol”. Ointments based on sulfur, salicylic acid have a good therapeutic effect in the initial stages of the disease.
In addition to external agents, oral medications are used: “Introconazole”, “Flucanazole”, “Griseofulvin”. The dosage for cats should be prescribed by a veterinarian, taking into account the intensity of the fungus and the condition of the animal, since the drugs have a number of contraindications.
The therapeutic effect in the treatment of ringworm is often achieved by using vaccines “Vakderm”, “Microderm”, etc. The drugs are administered several times with an interval of 10-14 days.
For information on the signs and symptoms of deprivation in cats, treatment of the disease, see this
Treatment of lichen in pets is a long and painstaking process. How to understand if a cat’s lichen is going away? To do this, you must regularly monitor the condition of the skin. In a recovering pet, the lesions are reduced, the damaged skin becomes lighter, there are no signs of irritation and inflammation. Itching is significantly reduced, the pet becomes calmer. An important indicator is that new lesions are not formed.
In order to accurately determine that the animal has recovered, you should contact the veterinary clinic for laboratory research.
How to find out if a cat has lichen, every pet owner should have an idea. Timely detection of the first signs of the disease will allow not only to quickly and effectively cope with fungal infection, but also to protect household members, especially children, from infection.
Severe itching and burning is caused by weeping lichen, the first sign of which is redness and the appearance of blisters. Treatment of the disease. When the question arises after the examination, how to treat lichen in a cat, the answer will depend on.
If the cat is constantly scratching and licking itself, what to do? Does the owner need to react to this behavior or is this the norm? From it you will learn about the ways of infection with lichen, the first signs of a disease in a cat, diagnosis and treatment.
What to do if you have stroked a cat or contracted shingles? Dangerous bronchitis in cats: signs, treatment and prevention. What is provoked and how is anemia in cats treated?
Dangerous bronchitis in cats: signs, treatment and prevention. The source of the causative agent of lichen in cats is a sick animal. Most often, this infection occurs in stray, stray cats and cats.
Even domestic cats need to be prevented from parasites. How to give a cat a worm pill? We recommend reading about shingles in a domestic cat. You will learn about the causes and mechanisms of pet infection, signs of the disease.
What to do first?
If you suspect your cat has lichen, do whatever is necessary to keep the pet isolated. You can’t put a pet in a cage, a cramped room where it will be scary and uncomfortable.
A separate non-living room, an insulated balcony is ideal.
Make sure that the animal goes to the veterinarian without fail. It is advisable to get an appointment on the same day when you noticed the first suspicious symptoms.
In the future, proceed to the following steps:
- Give your pet separate bowls when sick.
- Isolate other healthy animals during treatment to avoid an epidemic.
- Perform a general cleaning of the entire apartment, house along with disinfectants. Pay special attention to the places where your cat likes to be.
- Your pet’s bedding and rugs must be washed in hot water with disinfectant solutions.
- All upholstered furniture in the house should be treated with a mixture of water and vinegar (1: 1 ratio).
Important: if you think that your pet has lichen, then you absolutely shouldn’t bathe it. The lichen spores only spread with water. So you will increase the affected area at times.
With a timely visit to a doctor, lichen can be removed within 3 weeks. The type of therapy will depend on the degree of neglect of the disease, as well as on the health of the cat.
If the lichen is severely neglected, the veterinarian may decide to prescribe antibiotic therapy. However, such a measure is rarely used.
Back in Soviet times, lichen was an incurable disease. Animals that fell ill with it were put to sleep without hesitation.
Fortunately, such blasphemous methods of solving such a problem are far behind. Today, modern veterinary developments offer many high-quality and effective methods of treating lichen not only in cats, but also in other animals.
What is lichen?
The danger of depriving even in our time is greatly exaggerated. With timely and proper treatment, the animal’s recovery occurs in 100% of cases. It is enough to prevent the start of the disease.
However, even in a critical condition, lichen treatment is quite successful.
Lichen is a skin disease that has an infectious origin. It affects the skin of the pet’s epidermis, as well as its coat, claws.
Microscopic fungi-dermatomycetes provoke the occurrence of this ailment. The most common occurrence in cats is the so-called ringworm. In veterinary medicine, this disease is also called microsporia and trichophytosis.
Important: lichen occurs in a number of animals, including not only cats, but also dogs, guinea pigs, rabbits, ferrets, weasels. A pet can develop a disease, regardless of its age, pedigree affiliation and health.
Ringworm in cats is quite peculiar. There are often cases when the problem disappears on its own and the animal recovers. However, such an outcome is possible only if your pet has good immunity and is well fed.
Still, it’s not worth experimenting. Competent and operative therapy is extremely necessary, since there is a risk of infection of the owner and his entire family.
The most optimal and effective way to treat lichen. The drug is injected intramuscularly twice, with an interval of 10-14 days.
The owner does not need to carry out any additional manipulations with the animal, except for daily wet cleaning with disinfectants. You can stop your choice on vaccines Vakderm, Microderm.
Allow to achieve the effect in conjunction with any other additional means. This treatment is undesirable for small kittens.
They give a lasting effect. They help to get rid of a large area of the lesion and heal the skin from lichen. Miconazole and thiabendazole are worth highlighting.
Reasons for the appearance
Lichen, which appears mainly in stray animals, is caused by the development of a pathogenic microorganism. These include fungi of the species Trichophyton Microsporum canis, Microsporum gypseum.
These microbes settle on the fur of the animal. Under favorable conditions, namely, in the presence of a humid and warm environment, they begin to develop rapidly. In healthy pets, the body is able to suppress the effects of lichen in such a way that the disease manifests itself at the lowest intensity or does not manifest itself at all.
Lichen affects mainly weakened animals that have poor immune resistance, as well as those that have recently been ill.
In addition, the following factors affect the likelihood of ringworm:
- The presence of free range in the animal;
- Contact with infected animals;
- Infection with parasites.
Important: lichen most often affects pets, whose breed is an artificially bred species. So, for example, Persian, Scottish cats do not have innate protection against lichen.
Ringworm is more likely to infect a kitten than an adult cat. Such statistics is associated with the fact that kittens and young cats have not fully formed protective system.
Types of lichen your cat may get
There are several varieties of feline lichen, namely:
- Pink. the pet develops a well-defined pink speck, which becomes covered with a dense dry crust within a few days. With this type of deprivation, the animal suffers greatly from itching and becomes extremely restless.
- Weeping. small pink spots appear on the pet’s body, on the surface of which discharge appears. When you touch the spots, you can feel that they are quite hot. After a few days, the spots become covered with small bubbles.
- Multicolored is an extremely contagious type of ailment, which in its initial form manifests itself as a small rounded spot. The color of the spot can be varied, ranging from pale yellow to brown.
Important: an independent fight against an illness is a risk. No specialist can guarantee a favorable outcome of such therapy. Home treatment of microsporia is carried out provided that your cat is pregnant and any medication is contraindicated for her.
Where does the lichen in a cat come from?
Spores remain viable in unfavorable natural conditions for about two years. The fungus gets on the coat of the animal from the fur of other cats, or from the area where the pet is often. Disputes can settle on furniture and any part of the apartment. Mushrooms are viable for about two years, but as soon as they get into a warm, humid environment, they wake up and infection occurs.
The disease may not manifest itself at first, and after 2-3 months the first signs will become noticeable. often, kittens get sick due to an underdeveloped immune system, weakened elderly cats infected with parasites or lacking adequate nutrition. Thus, the disease wanders from animal to animal endlessly, unless a person intervenes and does not heal the pet or its immunity, breaking the chain.
The genetic weakness of immunity to fungal diseases plays a role, the exotic breed is especially vulnerable.
Pink lichen treatment
Pink lichen is not so terrible, since it is quite capable of disappearing by itself without human intervention. But this is characteristic of a mild form of the disease.
Since the animal that has caught the infection is weakened, adjustments are made to its nutrition: first, they include light food, completely removing dry food and allergens. This measure will help relieve itching. Administration of antihistamines is acceptable. If the itching is unbearable and the animal itches continuously, the veterinarian prescribes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that do not cure the disease, but help to cope with its manifestations.
A sick cat is not allowed outside, any water procedures are stopped, contact with pets is limited, and they are also monitored so that the animal does not lie on the windowsill in the sun.
Particularly carefully monitor the diet, selecting vitamin and mineral supplements to raise the pet’s immunity.
Apricot or sea buckthorn oils can help relieve itching and worn-out skin.
Treatment for weeping lichen
Treatment should be systematic, stable in full compliance with the scheme. If the systematicity of the procedures is violated, the disease will drag on and will progress with temporary remissions and relapses.
It is wise to see your veterinarian for an accurate diagnosis and treatment regimen. The therapy of the disease is quite simple: ointments with a drying effect are used for home treatment.
Salicylic ointment (2-, 5-, 10-percent) is an affordable antiseptic with an astringent effect that will relieve inflammation in a short time. It will take 10-12 days to restore the skin. The treatment is carried out twice a day, and the area around the lesion is smeared.
An effective remedy with anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and antimycotic effects is sulfuric ointment. The affected areas are treated twice a day for 2-3 weeks. The stain should disappear without a trace, only after that the therapy can be stopped. So that the cat does not dare to taste the ointment, you can shave off the hair around the stain and make an application, securing it with a plaster.
Ichthyol ointment is considered a proven remedy that can defeat weeping eczema in a pet in 10 days. Sore spots are smeared with it twice a day. Tar ointment is no less effective, easily coping with fungi and helping to restore the skin. The course of treatment is 10 days.
Is it possible for a person to get shingles from a cat
Ringworm spores can easily get on the bare skin of a person, which, unlike animals, is not protected by wool. The infection gets to a person from an infected cat, even during the incubation period when touching wool. Therefore, it is important to understand that an animal that has contracted lichen becomes a carrier of the disease even at the earliest stage.
Immunity plays an important role: children and the elderly are more susceptible to fungal spores. Treatment is long, even a mild form with ineffective treatment develops into a chronic one, which will certainly affect health.
It is imperative to treat such an infectious disease, since it can cause many complications. The approach to treatment should be systematic and comprehensive: local and internal antimycotic drugs are included in the treatment regimen.
The first step is to treat the affected areas: around them shave off the wool and treat the area with an antiseptic. For a global external attack on the focus of the disease, the cat is washed with an antifungal shampoo, for example, Nizoral and Sebozol, developed specifically for this purpose. The benefits of these shampoos are based on the component ketoconazole, which actively acts on various fungi.
Antifungal shampoo alone is indispensable, this is only an additional measure of influence on diseases, which helps to relieve itching and improve the condition of the skin and hair of the animal.
Local treatment is based on taking ointments with an antifungal spectrum of action: Clotrimazole, Miconazole, Sanoderm. Ointments are suitable for short-haired cat breeds that have contracted lichen infection, and long-haired.
A sick cat’s diet should include an additional vitamin and mineral complex.
Contact with other pets and household members is prohibited. Anyone who takes up the treatment of an animal must observe precautions and work with gloves. The room where the pet is kept must be regularly sanitized.
Pityriasis versicolor treatment
In order to cure such feline lichen, medicinal ointments, liniments, powders and antifungal shampoos are used. Sometimes veterinarians advise oral medications. Treatment is prescribed depending on the factors of the lesion: size, location of spots, thickness.
Cats with long hair during the period of illness are recommended to be cut. so it is more likely that the owner will not miss the stain during external treatment.
Topical treatments are available over the counter in pharmacies. Their composition is effective only for mild cases of infection, so treatment should be comprehensive. Oral remedies allow you to cope with the disease many times faster, saving time, effort and financial costs.
Such products as Imaverol (based on enilconazole) and Lime Sulfur (based on hydrogen sulfide lime) have proven themselves excellent.
However, it is worth considering the possibility of side effects, therefore it is recommended to use such funds strictly after visiting and consulting a veterinarian.
To prevent possible recurrence, the cat is washed 2-3 times a month with antifungal shampoos, especially if the animal lives in a humid and hot climate.
Shingles in cats
For some reason, there is still a delusion around the world that shingles is the privilege of cats and dogs. Only people suffer from this type of infectious disease. the disease is caused by the chickenpox virus. With all the desire, cats cannot get infected with it.
Pityriasis lichen symptoms
The symptoms of this variety are easily distinguishable:
- Multi-colored spots that appear on the skin of the body;
- Sometimes the spots appear somewhat discolored;
- The surface of the specks can be smooth or resemble scales;
- When the air temperature drops, the lesions disappear and then reappear;
- The absence of itching is considered a characteristic sign for the correct diagnosis of the disease.
Pink lichen in cats
A variety of shingles, which is not dangerous to humans, has a complex nature. The cause of the appearance of the disease is not in the spores of fungi or other microorganisms. First, the cat is noticed with a pink, clearly limited, spot up to 2 cm in diameter, which can peel off and itch. The edges of the spots may be separated by scales.
Cat’s lichen rosacea appears as a result of allergic or infectious factors. The virus can be transmitted to another sick animal, and a cat with a severely weakened immune system is exposed to the disease. For other animals, this form of the disease, also called Gibert’s deprive, is contagious. But a cat with good immunity is not in danger of transmitting the disease, so the best treatment is good nutrition for the fluffy pet.
Pink lichen in a cat can become a kind of indicator of the health of the owner’s pet. probably a healthy-looking cat, has some hidden pathologies and there is a need for a thorough health check by a veterinarian.
How to tell if a cat has lichen (signs of disease)
Strange, pinkish spots or sores appear on the animal’s body. a sure sign of lichen!
Varieties of lichen
- Shearing. On the skin affected by this type of lichen, inflamed scaly areas appear and hair falls out.
Pink lichen in a cat
It looks like lichen red in a cat
Determining lichen in a cat at home: what ringworm looks like (photo)
Cats, like any other animal, are susceptible to various skin diseases. And the most common disease is lichen. Most often, cats that walk freely on the street get sick with it, but animals that are kept exclusively in an apartment can also become infected with shingles. How can the owner recognize the symptoms of this disease in his furry pet at home and in what way it can be cured?
Causes of occurrence
Lichen spores can bring a man on shoes from the street
Deprive of a contagious infectious disease, so it is not surprising that it is most often affected by cats, which are allowed to walk outside without supervision. Animals come into contact with other cats that may carry the disease or catch rodents that carry shingles.
The fact is that the spores of the fungus, which is the causative agent of lichen, live in grass, earth and even on asphalt and people bring them home on the soles of their shoes. Cats, unlike humans, do not wear slippers, so they have no protection from microbes on the floor of the apartment.
When can cats get shingles?
A cat with a weakened immune system can easily catch shingles.
Healthy, strong animals are less susceptible to infectious skin diseases, so their body is quite able to overcome the infection on its own.
There are several factors that make animals especially susceptible to the fungus that causes lichen.
- The disease is more common in cats with weakened immune systems.
- The pet recently suffered an infectious disease and its body did not have time to recover.
- The owner does not follow the proper nutrition of the pet or feeds it with poor-quality dry food.
- Genetic predisposition to skin diseases.
- The cat shows signs of a benign or malignant tumor.
Regular vaccinations are the key to a healthy cat
Animals that are regularly vaccinated, eat right and have all the necessary vitamins in their diet are much less likely to become infected with shingles.
How and what to treat a cat
Many owners recklessly consider lichen a non-dangerous disease and do nothing to treat their pet. This is a huge mistake, because lichen can lead not only to blindness of a cat, but also to its death, therefore it is extremely necessary to treat the disease. Lichen is especially dangerous for pregnant or lactating cats.
If a cat infected with lichen is kept with other pets, it must be isolated from them, otherwise healthy animals can catch this disease.
You should not try to independently choose medications for the treatment of lichen, especially at a regular pharmacy. There are many ointments, tablets to fight this skin disease, but only a qualified veterinarian can prescribe them correctly.
Pink lichen in a cat
First of all, you should determine the type of lichen. The most harmless is lichen pink, and as a rule, it is easy to cure it with an antifungal ointment.
With ringworm, pityriasis and red lichen, the situation is more complicated, and one cannot do with ointment alone. For these types of shingles, your veterinarian may prescribe antibiotics to clear the infection from the animal’s bloodstream.
The drugs prescribed by the doctor should be used in a strict dosage, in order to further harm your pet. After the owner has treated the lesions with ointment, he needs to thoroughly wash his hands with soap or disinfectant.
In case of a disease we deprive. IT IS FORBIDDEN TO BUY a cat
It is strictly forbidden to bathe cats during an illness. This will only harm the pet, as it will spread the spores of the fungus throughout the body.
Do not believe in the miraculousness of folk methods against this disease, such as iodine, ash, sea buckthorn or vegetable oil. Treatment with these means not only will not help, but can also cause irreparable harm.
What does lichen look like in cats?
It is not difficult for an attentive owner to determine whether his pet is infected with shingles. On the affected part of the body, the skin of the animal acquires an unhealthy pale pink color, becomes dry and begins to peel off. If lichen is neglected, the skin in this place becomes bald and becomes covered with purulent sores.
Itching is common in cats.
This skin disease can occur anywhere on the animal’s body, but most often affects the area under the neck, the top of the head, the area near the ears and the abdomen. Sometimes lichen can affect the paws of a cat, and it can be determined not only by the inflamed, bald areas of the skin, but also by the deformation of the claws.