Tips from dog breeders
Behavior correction is easier to start at a young age, because it is much easier to wean a puppy to pick up food on the street than an adult dog.
The methods of influencing young pets are limited to facilitated physical punishment and distraction:
- Take a piece from the mouth, shake it by the withers or press it to the ground at the command “Fu!”;
- Take away a piece, turn your attention to the toy. Or offer another treat, step on the “prey” and hide it from sight while the baby is eating.
It makes no sense to start training until the puppy is 3 months old. Harsh impact can damage the psyche of a growing animal.
If a piece on the street is grabbed by a young dog or puppy, it is enough to pull up the leash and pick up the food, while saying the prohibiting command.
To prevent and correct bad habits, it is important to maintain the right environment everywhere. Even at home, you should not allow your pet to pick up pieces from the floor. Treats must be put in a bowl, or, in extreme cases, given from the hand. The fallen food is thrown out without regret in front of the animal with the words “Fu”.
See instructions on how to wean your pet from other unwanted actions and habits:
Encouragement is a good addition to practice. When the dog managed to find, but ignore the find, a treat is offered from the palm of the hand, stroking on the head is carried out, verbal praise is expressed in an affectionate voice.
In cases of disobedience, but awareness of guilt (the dog lies down, presses his ears, makes guilty eyes), it is enough to knock on the nose. the tailed beast is already aware of what he has done. However, with regular repetition of such manipulation, it will be necessary to return to more tangible punishments.
In the process of weaning, you should not punish your pet if he ate something out of sight of the owner. In this case, there was an oversight of the breeder, and the animal will not understand what it got for. It is better to keep the dog busy all the time. running, toys, sticks. So she won’t have time to sniff out the trash.
Constantly offer the puppy activities: run after a toy, follow commands, and then the baby will not have time to look for food.
Teaching to eat on command works with babies. When the food is already in the bowl, the puppy is held for a few seconds and released to the food after the permissive word (“You can”, “Take”, etc.). The developed reflex will remain for life and will save you from many problems.
It will not hurt to accustom to the commands “Give”, “Drop”, so that the dog can calmly part with harmful finds, give them to the owner. Stubborn pets with neglected cases are invited to walk exclusively in a muzzle.
In private houses, it is good to additionally practice the game “Partisans”: the owner sits in ambush out of sight of the dog, someone throws delicious food from behind the fence. As soon as the tailed beast tries to “vacuum” unexpected finds. leave the shelter, severely reprimanding the guilty.
Ways to wean a dog from picking food on the street
It is necessary to correct the pet’s behavior by developing negative experiences. Only the use and consolidation of unsuccessful attempts to be a “vacuum cleaner” will bring results. When the dog is about to pick up and eat something, the stimulus is connected.
It is necessary to correct the pet’s behavior by developing a negative experience.
The negative in the eyes of the animal can come from the find or from the owner. This is how the belief is established that picking up something is unpleasant, tasteless, dangerous.
There are different methods of weaning. They all require the patience of the breeder and have their pros and cons. The choice is made taking into account the temperament of the dog, his habits.
A loud whistle, a sports or children’s “pipe” is used. When a dog tries to pick up a fake or found food from the ground, a sharp unpleasant signal is given.
The method must be used carefully. keep a distance from the dog, so as not to damage your hearing. It is also important not to overdo it and develop a fear of loud sounds in general.
Causes of a bad habit
Almost all dog breeds have hunting predilections. The habit of sniffing and searching is at the genetic level. Most of the smells make dogs want to taste the find. Pet instincts do not fade away even with a well-fed life at home.
Most of the smells make dogs want to taste the find.
This instinct delivers special problems to the owners in case of psychological trauma of the dog. This happens mainly after the experienced hunger, vagrancy. Many “shelters” also sin by picking food from the ground according to the old habit.
Another reason for the transformation of the tailed friend into a “vacuum cleaner” may be physical ailment. With vitamin deficiencies, the presence of worms, pregnancy, teething, the lack of trace elements in the body distorts the taste perception. Thus, the dog begins to absorb everything that seems appetizing to him. from pieces of old food to sand, pebbles and feces.
How to wean a dog to pick up food on the street depends on the cause of the problem. The variant with a lack of minerals is treated in a complex with the addition of drugs on the recommendation of veterinarians. The rest of the cases are corrected by persistent behavior correction.
Fake “peppercorn” situation
Pieces of food sprinkled with mustard or pepper are laid out on the dummy territory. You can also stuff the inside of the treats with ready-made mustard. Most dogs spit out what they find on their own, be wary of new pieces. However, there are times when the pet likes the spicy taste and the training fails.
Pieces of food sprinkled with mustard or pepper are laid out on the dummy territory.
The method is not practiced for a long time and often, so as not to discourage the scent and perception of food.
IMPORTANT. It is carried out only if you are sure that the tailed friend has no intolerance to seasonings! Spices are used sparingly so as not to burn the mucous membranes of the nose and mouth.
Electroshock collar (ESHO)
Fixing vacuum cleaner dogs with electricity has been around for a very long time. Initially, the electric magneto was placed in a shelter, connecting terminals to raw meat. When the dog tried to grab such a bait, the handle of the device was twisted, and the tailed beetle was beaten. The idea had an effect, but it was difficult to implement in a domestic environment.
Electroshock collars now exist. ESHO simplified the method several times. They are controlled by consoles, so you just need to keep an eye on the ward. If necessary, the button is pressed, the pet receives its punishment.
You can effectively and quickly wean a dog from picking up food using an electric shock collar.
There are two modes of action in electroshock collars: warning and shock. When you first try to pick up food from the ground, it is the current pulse that is sent. For subsequent ones, it is enough to use a tangible vibration. As a rule, such a correction gives an effect already in 3-4 incidents. For complete confidence, the training can be repeated after 1-2 months. Some training centers give ESHOs for rent.
The main advantage of this method is the absence of suspicion of the owner, which means the exclusion of a conflict. Not recommended for small dog breeds.
Fake physical punishment situation
Pieces of food are scattered over the selected area. The bait should not have the smell of the owner, so the preparation should be carried out by an outsider or a breeder wearing rubber gloves. Walking begins within a radius of 3-4 meters from the target location. Approach comes naturally, gradually.
When the dog picks up the first prepared piece, one of the scenarios is carried out:
- Pull up the leash with the “Fu!” Command. Calmness, equanimity, firmness and clarity of voice are observed. The situation is repeated up to 4 times in one trip. It is necessary to observe the moderation of the jerk so that it is felt, but does not harm the tailed friend.
How to wean a puppy from taking food from strangers | Puppy socialization | Part five
If the dog picks up a piece on the street, pull up the leash and say “Ugh!”.
IMPORTANT. The command “Fu” must be pronounced BEFORE applying physical pressure. This is how the reflex of obedience is developed.
Some lay people advise putting delicious-smelling goodies in mousetraps. This method is unsafe and not recommended by experienced breeders.
If the dog is a “vacuum cleaner”: we disaccustom the dog to pick up food on the street
Eliminating the dog’s habit of picking up food and other items on the street is not an easy task. Meanwhile, most breeders are faced with it. At the first opportunity, the “dog vacuum cleaner” rushes towards the garbage heaps, not responding to the owner’s calls. Leprosy is accompanied by guilty eyes, but repeated over and over again. Keeping an animal muzzled and on a leash is not an option. Therefore, you have to resort to patient education in different ways.
How to wean a dog from taking food from strangers
CONDITIONAL stimulus: command “Fu” as a signal to stop undesirable actions of the dog.
Unconditioned stimuli: jerk with a leash, blow with a whip, use of a parforce, an electric collar, an electric inductor.
Reception “Refusal of food” must be introduced after the main methods of the general course of training and continue to work it out in different conditions throughout the entire period of training of service dogs.
Method and technique of making a habit
The formation of this habit is helped by the daily observance of the following conditions:
– the dog must be fed exclusively by the trainer at the same time at least twice a day;
– the amount of food and its calorie content must meet the required norm, depending on the workload;
– during feeding, it is forbidden to develop greed for food in the dog.
For this purpose, do not disturb the dog while eating food; when developing the initial reflex, the dog should be well-fed and in normal condition;
– not allow brothers food found on the ground or thrown and offered by strangers.
Habit-making should be started 3-4 hours after feeding the dogs. The trainer places the food container near the enclosure. Takes the dog on a short leash, brings it to the tank, sits down at 1
2 meters in front of him. When the dog tries to approach the tank, the trainer gives the command “Fu” in a stern tone, makes a jerk with a leash and does not allow the dog to reach the tank with food, gives the command “Sit”.
After 20-30 seconds of exposure, the trainer takes the food container, puts it in the aviary and allows the food to be eaten, giving the command “eat”. While eating food, the trainer is next to the dog, then walks him.
After a series of such associations, a conditioned reflex to the “fu” command is produced in the dog in 5-6 days and it will not, without the owner’s permission. The exposure time in front of the food container is up to 3-5 minutes. After this, the dog develops the habit of not taking food from a stranger, both in the presence and in the absence of the trainer.
The handler ties the dog to a tree or hedge with a chain. An instructed helper, holding a piece of meat or bone in his hand, and a stick in the other (behind his back), calmly and confidently approaches the dog and offers him a treat. When the dog tries to take the meat, the trainer gives the command “Fas”, pointing to the assistant, and the assistant hits the dog with a stick and runs away to the shelter. First, the helper, when leaving the dog, takes the meat with him, and then throws it in front of the dog so that he can get it. The trainer repeats the commands “Fas”, “Good” and encourages the dog by stroking.
If the dog tries to get the thrown meat, the trainer gives the command “Fu” in a threatening tone and makes a jerk with the leash. If the dog does not respond to meat, the trainer quickly approaches it, encourages it by stroking and treating it.
The lesson must be carried out by changing the venue, assistants, and the nature of their action.
In the future, the helper does not come close to the dog, but throws a treat to the dog from a distance and leaves. When the dog tries to take a treat, the trainer gives the command “Fu”, and then “Fas”. It is recommended to let the dog to the detention of the helper.
The lesson from teaching a dog not to take food found on the ground is carried out as follows.
The assistant places pieces of meat or bone near clearly visible landmarks. The trainer takes the dog on a short leash and, walking with the dog through the area where the treat is laid out, carefully observes its behavior.
In the case when the dog, having caught the smell of meat, tries to take it, the trainer gives the command “Fu” and makes a sharp jerk with the leash, after which it continues to move. Further, the conditions of the lesson become more complicated. The trainer takes the dog on a long leash and, wiggling, leads it to the place where the scattered pieces of meat are. If the dog does not pay attention to the meat, then the trainer continues to walk the dog on the command “Walk”.
In the case when the dog, having heard the smell of delicacies, tries to take them, the trainer gives the command “Fu”, makes a jerk with a leash and, at the command “Walk”, continues to walk.
Dogs that show a strong food reaction should be walked on a short leash and muzzled during the first days of training. If the dog has a predominantly food reaction and does not refuse food, you can use an inductor that gives a current of no more than 0.05 A, a voltage of 16 W or a special electric collar.
After the dog has developed the initial habit of refusing food, complications are introduced into the training process:
– classes are held in different territories, at different times of the day;
– different types of food are used;
– the dog is led without a leash;
– classes are held in conditions unfamiliar to the trainer;
– teach the dog not to take food due to the absence and near the trainer.
The habit is considered developed if the dog does not take food, both found on the ground, and food that is offered by an unauthorized person.
Possible trainer errors:
– conducting classes in the same territory;
– the use of one and the same food, as a result of which the dog gets used to not brothers only a certain type of food;
– allowing the dog to eat food found or offered by the helper, as a result of which a trouble-free habit of refusing food is not produced;
– improper use of unconditioned stimuli and especially electric current;
– development of an initial conditioned reflex in a hungry dog.
Ways to wean a dog
It is necessary to wean a dog from a bad habit without violence, otherwise the desire to act contrary to the commands of the owner is triggered. The easiest way to teach obedience is to walk on a leash, controlling every step of the pet. But this may not always be the case, especially when raising dogs living in the courtyard of a private house. Therefore, the following methods are effective:
- Sound stimulus. It is a can containing compressed air with a blower. The outgoing sound is unpleasant for humans, and it has a very irritating effect on the animal. The first reaction will be fear, so it is important to explain to your pet that this is a punishment. When he picked up food from the floor in the house, you need to blow it right there, then use the product outside.
You can not hold the balloon too close to the ears of the animal, he will hear the sound well even at a distant distance.
- Electroshock collar. Such a device is controlled by a remote control, designed specifically for raising dogs. Its use involves the use of two modes: warning, in which vibration is sent, the main one. vibration shock. Dogs quickly understand what is the reason for such punishment, usually a few punctures in behavior are enough for the dog to understand what not to do. Electric training, but safe, is most effective.
- Fake situation. It is necessary to organize food scattered on the street, go for a walk with your pet, wearing a strict collar. When he tries to touch the food once, you need to quickly give the command “Fu”, “No”. If the action is repeated, you need to squeeze the collar. Through the punishment in the form of pain, the animal will quickly remember that it is impossible to pick up food.
It is better to ask a stranger to scatter food so that the smell of your fingers does not remain on it, which the dog will quickly recognize.
Some, in a dummy situation, use pepper, other hot spices with which they grease scattered foods. This serves as another incentive for the animal to remember the ban on eating on the street.
Many owners, faced with the fact that their pet picks up food on the street, struggle with other accompanying bad habits. They develop for the same reasons: due to stress, malnutrition, lack of attention from the host. You need to cope with all of them at the same time in order to instill good habits in the pet. Often you need to get rid of these habits:
- Disaccustom to take food from strangers. This habit is dangerous for many reasons, the main one being ill-wishers who want to harm your pet. In addition, some may give a product or allergen that is prohibited to representatives of this breed.
- Disaccustom begging for food. When a dog is inclined to beg for food, this indicates a lack of recognition of the owner’s authority, which forbids it to do so. The pet must clearly know its place, occupying it even at feasts.
- Wean you off stealing food from the table. This habit is a sign of disobedience. Such a dog does not respect the owner, she lacked education, training, she believes that everything is allowed for her.
To overcome these bad habits will help accustoming to the rules of feeding from a young age. Each of them should be followed by punishment, if the pet already allows himself too much in behavior, ignoring his pranks can turn into serious problems.
To wean you from begging or taking food from strangers, it is most effective to use a dummy situation. Invite a person, whom the dog does not know, to punish for disobedience. It is more difficult to disaccustom to steal from the table, usually the animal does it when it stays on its own. It is necessary to punish him, leading him to the “crime scene”, to deprive him of treats, favorite toys.
Training Tips EN. Part 49 Refusing dog food from strangers
Another effective, but patient, way is to retrain the dog not to leave, but to guard the food. To do this, you need to bring him to the table, give the command “guard”, return, giving a delicacy.
Is it possible to wean a dog to pick up food on the street. tips
The habit of picking food can cause an animal to malfunction in the digestive system and other diseases. In severe cases, eating an inedible item can be fatal. To understand how to wean a dog from picking food on the street, you need to understand why it does it.
Causes of a bad habit
The main reasons for the habit of picking food from the ground on the street are:
- Unbalanced diet. The dog’s diet should include all the elements necessary for full-fledged life. If the pet does not receive them, smelling an alluring aroma for him on the street, he will certainly rush after him.
- Avitaminosis. Sometimes, with a full diet, the animal’s body is deficient in certain vitamins and minerals. This may be a consequence of the malfunctioning of the immune system, a complication after previous illnesses, taking medications.
- Wrong way of feeding. From the moment it appears in the house, the puppy should have its own comfortably equipped place for eating. He eats from his bowl, which increases in size as the puppy gets older.
You cannot feed your pet from the same bowl as another pet. This provokes the manifestation of the instinct to protect food, which subsequently leads to greed. the animal is ready to collect everything on the street.
- Stress. Dogs taken from shelters, picked up on the street, are especially susceptible to it. When an animal has experienced hunger, it has a reverent attitude to food. In this case, it is difficult to re-educate the pet.
- Lack of host attention. Sometimes the behavior of the dog is similar to the habits of small children. they tend to draw attention to themselves. If the owner does not spend time with the pet, he begins to behave extraordinary.
Overly pampered dogs may also pick up food outside. This behavior is common mischief. Usually in such cases, training, education is completely absent, so the owner is to blame for the pet’s habits.
Why is food picking dangerous?
Gathering food on the street is dangerous for your pet’s health and for maintaining a healthy parenting relationship. Eating not regularly, consuming low-quality foods or completely inedible items, the animal runs the risk of acquiring diseases of the digestive system. This is especially dangerous for decorative rocks.
If an inedible object is accidentally swallowed, if it is sharp, especially glass, there is a risk of damage to internal organs, which can even lead to the death of the pet.
As for the issue of education, the habit of picking food on the street is a sign of disrespect for the authority of the owner. If the dog does not follow the forbidding commands from one time, you need to seriously engage in its upbringing, otherwise it will not listen to the more serious instructions of the owner.
After establishing the reason why the pet picks up food on the street, you can start using methods to combat the bad habit. The most common are the use of a sound stimulus, an electroshock collar, the creation of dummy situations.
How to wean a dog from taking food from strangers
It is unlikely that any dog can refuse a tasty, deliciously smelling piece. But the habit of eating everything found or offered by strangers can end very badly for your dog.
The task of every responsible owner is to teach his pet not to pick up food from the ground and not to take it from the hands of strangers.
Strangers treating your dog may quite sincerely want to do something nice for him. But not all of them know that dogs cannot do much of what we eat. Chocolates, citrus fruits, smoked meats. all of this is on the list of foods prohibited for dogs. Food allergies are the most harmless consequence of such treats.
But not all people trying to treat your dog will have warm feelings for him. Unfortunately, some of those who dislike dogs are quite creative in their efforts to harm them. Therefore, be always vigilant. If you do not know the person who is handing your pet something tasty, thank and firmly refuse the treat.
If your dog managed to swallow what she was offered, carefully monitor her condition. Vomiting, diarrhea, fever, weakness, painful abdomen, rapid breathing, loss of consciousness. these can all be signs of poisoning. Always have the contacts of the veterinary clinic with you, which provides 24-hour veterinary care, and contact your veterinarian immediately. Even a little delay can cost a dog his life.
How to wean a dog from taking food from someone else’s hands?
It is necessary to train the dog to eat only from your hands or from your bowl from the very childhood. A small puppy must clearly learn that his food is only what the owner offers him. To do this, it is useful every time, before allowing the puppy to eat, put a bowl in front of him, maintain a short pause and only then release him to the bowl after the command “You can!” or “Eat!”.
In the future, if you do everything correctly, an adult dog will wait for your signal that it can start eating.
Please note that this exercise will be effective only if, between meals, the puppy does not receive snacks from you just like that, and your household does not feed him from the table.
This skill will be useful in that the dog will understand the difference between the permitted food and all other food. A puppy who is accustomed to eating on command is easier to disaccustom not to pick up scraps on the street, because such food is not approved by the owner. But for those who were taught to “bite” and were allowed to pick up food thrown on the floor, it will be more difficult to understand why it can be done at home, but not on the street.
It is better to wean a puppy or dog from the habit of taking treats from strangers with the help of an outside helper who is not familiar to the dog.
Ask someone you know, neighbors, or bystanders to offer your dog food. At that moment, when the dog reaches for the treat, the helper should click the dog on the nose or lightly hit it in the face. A couple of such exercises are enough for the dog to turn its nose away when trying to treat it. Be sure to praise the dog and immediately offer a treat from your hand.
Puppies and teenage dogs with this exercise may even be timid and hide behind the owner. Dogs with a harder temperament may show aggression towards a stranger. The main thing here is not to overdo it. Excessively intense exposure (frequent or strong blows) can lead the dog to either fear of strangers or to the appearance of unnecessary aggression. The latter is especially dangerous if you are the owner of a large and rather vicious dog breed. Do not overdo it with the encouragement of anger towards strangers in her, so that in the future you do not have to curb the dog from throwing every time someone reaches out to her side.
If the dog has turned away from the palm of the yummy, this is very good. But that’s not all. You need to work on the skill regularly.
Change the route of the walk, the type of treat (today cookies, tomorrow. cheese, the day after tomorrow. boiled meat) and be sure to change assistants. The dog will clearly identify the same person and react in the right way only to him. Do not hesitate to ask your friends. they are friends for you, and for the dog they are the same outsiders as everyone else. It would be a big mistake to allow the dog to take food from someone else selectively, because it does not understand the criteria for this choice. And if it is possible for one person, then it is possible for everyone. Be consistent.
Reinforcing the skill will require persistence and patience from you. But this is the only way you can protect your dog from accidental or deliberate poisoning. Your pet’s health and life is well worth the effort.