home Cats How years of life are counted in cats

How years of life are counted in cats

Determining the age of cats

The simplest and most effective way to determine the degree of adulthood of a kitten is to assess the condition of its teeth. In small one-month-old kittens, the first milk teeth appear at the age of one month, and drop out somewhere in six-month-old individuals. Determining the life expectancy of cats by the teeth is a fairly accurate and convenient method widely practiced in felinology (the science of cats). This method allows you to determine it with an accuracy of up to 1 month.

Another “checkpoint” is the period of puberty, which ends in such animals in 6 or 8 month old kittens. Do not confuse puberty with physical maturation, the latter is finally formed only by 1.5 years.

Learn by the teeth: “How old?”. it is possible not only for small kittens, but also for animals in almost any period of life. By carefully examining the teeth and their condition, it is possible to determine the degree of adulthood of such an individual.

By determining how sharpened various teeth, you can quite accurately “measure” the degree of maturation of the animal:

  • if the teeth of the lower jaw have uneven edges, then the cat is about 2. 2.5 years old;
  • when there are irregularities and abrasion of the upper jaw, then the animal is more than 3.5 years old;
  • in those cats that have worn-out canines, the age passes the 5-year line;
  • in 10-year-old individuals, the process of tooth loss begins;
  • maximum incisors can be preserved up to a 15-year period, later canines also fall out in animals.

Such a “table” allows you to well determine the age parameters of any breed.

Feline-to-human ratio

Many owners are trying to measure the “adulthood” of the cat to human standards. To find out what is the life span of a pet “humanly”, you need to multiply its age by “seven”. This formula is valid only for the age group of felines up to 4 years old.

years, life, counted, cats

To find out what is the life span of a pet “humanly”, you need to multiply its age by seven.

  • for a kitten who is 1 year old. the human equivalent is 7 years old;
  • for a 2-year-old cat, it is already 14 years old;
  • individuals of 3 years of age are comparable to adults who have reached 21 years of age;
  • four years for a cat is already 28 years old, the wave is a mature adult personality by human standards.

Further, the table of the ratio of ages has a coefficient of addition of “four”:
5 years. 32 years, 6. 36, etc.

For example, to determine the equivalent lifespan of a pet that is 10 years old, add the difference to 28 (10-4) and multiply by four. As a result, we get: 28 (10-4) 4 = 52 years.

Cat-Years vs Human-Years

Thus, the twelve-year-old cat has already “hit” humanly “whole” 60 years old. After a 12-year period, the “multiplicity” of the ratio to human life is determined by “three” years.

That is, for each “cat” year we add “three” human.

These arithmetic calculations will allow not only to determine the equivalent for comparing human age. Such a “translation” helps to understand the behavior of animals at different periods of life. By observing their condition and habits, you can understand the true reasons and motivation of your pet. You can reasonably comprehend the playfulness and playful unrestrainedness of a small kitten, as well as the wise and calm behavior of adults.

How to calculate a cat’s age by human standards

In most cases, people start caring for little kittens that are over two months old. Determining the age of a cat at any time for such an animal is quite simple.

Determining the life expectancy of cats by the teeth is a fairly accurate and convenient method.

The heyday of the active life of cats is the period from 1 year to 9 years. During this period, they are already considered fully formed and adults, and far from old. Even at the extreme border of this gap, the animals are in good mental shape and have excellent physical conditions.

Age of cats

Everyone knows that cats live significantly less than people. However, their life equivalent, calculated by human standards, is quite comparable to human parameters in terms of duration.

The average age for pets is 13-15 years old. It can only be calculated that the equivalent of such longevity in humans is from 63 to 69 years.

The average age for pets is 13-15 years old. You can only calculate that the equivalent of such “longevity” is from 63 to 69 years. a very decent and solid experience.

Quite often, there are cases when cats live up to 20 years. And the cat is the record holder, lived 34 “feline” years.

Comprehending these numbers, it is easy to understand why, after the age of 9, four-legged friends are already beginning to become calmer and less active. They prefer to rest more, and not to have fun and play like young kittens.

However, there are often cases when even 12-15 year old “old men” cheerfully catch mice, and show increased activity in various life issues.

By determining the human-equivalent age of cats, one can understand the motivation from the behavior. Any animal needs care, proper nutrition and decent living conditions. To extend the life of your pet, he needs to pay more attention and love.

Cat’s coat age

This method, like the previous ones, does not give a 100% guarantee, but many are guided by it. So, if the cat has a soft coat, then it is likely that she is not yet a year old. But, there is such a flaw that with proper care of the pet, it always has soft fur, so it is stupid to focus on such an indicator.

In addition, depending on the breed, it turns out that it is generally impossible to determine the age of the coat, since there are those in which it is tough from birth. These include:

  • American Wirehaired Cat;
  • Bohemian Rex;
  • Dutch Rex and others.

If you notice that the cat is losing hair in clumps. this is a clear sign of illness and it is better to contact your veterinarian.

Cat’s lifespan

How to find out how old the cat is, we have already figured out. Now you need to determine how long the pet will live, approximately based on its daily routine and the owner’s care for him. There are 6 rules, compliance with which will allow your pet to live happily ever after:

  • Balanced diet. The absence of such directly leads to a deterioration in the quality of life and, as a consequence, a decrease in its duration.
  • Relieve your cat of stress. Against the background of psychological problems, a household may develop various diseases.
  • Cats need freedom. You do not need to lock your family member in a cramped cage. this violates his freedom. In addition, he may be even older than you, if you remember that a cat’s age is much more by human standards, then you should understand that at 7-8 years old, a pet is, in principle, considered old.
  • See your veterinarian regularly. This precaution will help keep your pet safe from unexpected infections. It is recommended to vaccinate cats according to their age in order to ensure a decent and healthy life.
  • Love the cat. Weasel has never done harm, but has always been only for the good.
  • Make sure that castration is timely, since if you delay with this case, you can injure the psyche of the cat.
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Age of a cat by human standards: table

Sooner or later, every pet owner thinks about how long cats live, and whether it is a lot or a little by human standards. To correctly determine the age of a cat by human standards, it is necessary to study the individual characteristics of their body and their habitat. It is very important to correctly determine the age of a cat in order to subsequently track important changes: puberty, the development of pathologies and senile abnormalities. This knowledge will help to provide timely assistance to the pet.

Cat age

When acquiring a furry friend, the owner and the household should understand that cats do not have as long a century as a person. Understanding how many years it takes in cats for a year, the owner is most often interested in the life expectancy of the animal. An indicator such as the average life expectancy of furry couch potatoes depends on many factors:

Cats live a little due to endless childbirth and related complications. Pets live much longer than their outdoor cousins. The average life expectancy of furry couch potatoes is 14-15 years.

Of course, a cat’s lifespan is a very average figure. There are known pets that have lived for 30 years or more. However, such centenarians are rather an exception in the world of furry couch potatoes.

How is the age of cats considered?

How to extend the life of a pet

Wanting to know the answer to the question of how much a year is considered for cats, the owner does not just show curiosity. First of all, such data will help prolong the life of your beloved stay-at-home. In order for a cat to delight family members with its presence for a long time, the owner should know how to prolong the life of a fluffy pet:

  • Conduct routine vaccination against infectious diseases.
  • If the animal is not of pedigree value, then in order to increase its lifespan, it should be neutered or neutered at an early age.
  • Regular preventive examinations by a veterinarian allow detecting diseases at an early stage, as well as adjusting the conditions of detention and nutrition. After 6. 7 years, the cat should be taken to the clinic every six months, including ultrasound diagnostics of internal organs.
  • Feeding your pet with premium and super-premium food will prevent the development of many diseases and prolong the life of a furry couch potato.

The owner, knowing how to calculate the age of the cat, will be able to avoid many mistakes in keeping the pet. Raising, caring for, feeding, taking care of the health of the animal must correspond to its age, physical and mental state.

How to determine the age of a cat by the teeth

It will not be easy to conduct such an experiment, since an adult pet is unlikely to allow you to admire its mouth for a long time. The method allows you to determine the age of a cat with an accuracy of two months.

  • At the age of 1 month, a small kitten has milk teeth.
  • A 5 month old pet has a change of teeth.
  • If the central incisors are worn out, then the approximate age is 1.5 years.
  • When the middle incisors are erased, it means that the cat is about 2.5 years old.
  • At the age of 5, canine teeth are usually erased.
  • At 6 years of age, the upper jaw undergoes changes as the incisors begin to wear out.
  • The rubbing surfaces of the jaw change between the ages of 7 and 9.
  • If the incisors begin to fall out, this may indicate an age of 10 to 15 years.

It makes no sense to stick to the scale of the measuring scale, since every cat has a different lifestyle. For example, if the food of the cat was not of the proper quality, then the teeth begin to deteriorate earlier.

The correct methods for calculating a cat’s human age

When a fluffy creature lives in the house, the household becomes interested in how to calculate the age of a cat for a human. At first glance, it may seem that the question is idle. However, drawing an analogy between the age of a pet and the years of a person’s life is of practical importance. Knowing how old the pet is in terms of human measurements, the owners will be able to adjust the upbringing of the animal, to treat health and maintenance issues accordingly.

“Impossible to subjugate.” 16 questions and answers about cats

Cats rank first in popularity among pets. The President of the International Felinological Association “Rus” (FARUS) Tamara Emelyanova answered the questions of our readers. She has been dealing with cats since the 1980s, participates as a judge at exhibitions in Russia and abroad, writes fantastic books about her favorite animals and keeps five adorable cats (Persian and Toy Beans) at home.

Natalia Gerasimova, AiF.ru: Where did cats come from??

Tamara Emelyanova: The ancestor of modern tailed beasts is the Libyan wild cat. It was domesticated 4 thousand years BC. e. in the Nile Valley. In ancient Egypt, cats were considered sacred animals. During excavations, scientists have found many mummies of these animals. According to Plutarch, domestic cats appeared in the Roman Empire in the 1st century. n. e. In the 11th century, they began to spread throughout Europe. In the Middle Ages in England they were revered, and death threatened for theft or murder of a cat, while in France, on the contrary, they were considered henchmen of the devil and were persecuted. In Russia, mentions of Siberian cats have been known since the end of the 16th century. Initially, weasels and martens were used to kill rodents. But gradually they were supplanted by cats. In the 19th century, domesticated tailed cats began to be crossed with European wild cats, and various varieties of domestic animals appeared.

How Long Do Cats Live? Explained.

What determines life expectancy

Some felinologists believe that the decisive factor is not genetics, but the attitude of a person to his own pet. Caring and competent care improves the quality of life and increases the number of years lived.

How long do neutered cats and neutered cats live?

According to doctors’ observations, these procedures extend life by 2-4 years. The nature of the operations is different. Castration removes the ovaries from females and the testes from males. After this procedure, the production of testosterone and estrogen stops. Animals stop suffering from hormonal changes, become calmer, less likely to be injured, do not get sick with infections that are transmitted during mating. If the operation is done before puberty, the risk of malignant neoplasms of the mammary glands, prostate gland decreases.

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During sterilization, the doctor pulls the vas deferens in males, in females, the fallopian tubes, sometimes removes the uterus. Subsequently, the animal avoids diseases of this organ: endometritis, tumors, pyometra, polycystic. Such an operation does not affect behavior, but animals will not be able to reproduce offspring. The body of females does not wear out from frequent pregnancies, childbirth, feeding kittens.

The life and health of a cat depends on the ability to be treated in a clinic by a qualified doctor.

How genetics affects

The relationship between breed and life span has not been scientifically proven. In some individuals, it is reduced due to a genetic predisposition to serious diseases: cardiomyoscopy, polycystic kidney disease, airway obstruction, and malignant tumors. Outbred cats, as a rule, live 2-3 years longer than purebred cats at home.

Representatives of artificially bred breeds live on average 9-12 years.

Pedigree cats with an average lifespan:

  • Bombay;
  • abyssinian;
  • exotic shorthair;
  • snow shoo.

The life of pets from the risk group can be extended by doubling attention to health, taking to the veterinarian and treating them on time.
Representatives of long-living breeds are distinguished by strong immunity, rarely get sick and, with proper care, live up to 18-20 years.

Among them there are the following varieties:

  • siamese;
  • oriental;
  • american shorthair;
  • Manx;
  • Egyptian Mau.

Outbred cats develop strong immunity, they live up to 15-18 years, if they get into the home conditions of caring owners.


The daily diet is critical to health and life extension. There is no consensus among veterinarians which type of food is healthier. Some advise you to follow a diet that is as close to natural conditions as possible. Others recommend ready-made feeds, in which the beneficial components are balanced.

Both options are allowed, the main thing is not to make mistakes:

Cats do not move much, so it is easy to overfeed them. Obesity is more dangerous for them than malnutrition. Overweight animals have the same problems as humans: heart failure, diabetes mellitus, tumors.

How many cats live in pets

A quarter of a century ago, 10-year-old cats were considered centenarians. Since then, the average life expectancy has increased by 6-7 years thanks to the development of veterinary medicine, mass vaccination, the emergence of new drugs and feed.

In domestic cats, the functions of internal organs gradually fade away from the age of 8, but after this milestone they are able to live safely for as long. Cats endure old age better than humans, they are less likely to have long-term serious illnesses. After 8 years, they move less and stop playing, otherwise they do not differ from young individuals.

Yard cats rarely live to be 6–8 years old. How many years cats live in the wild largely depends on their habitat, the availability of food and the absence of natural enemies, but on average they live 4–5 years.

On the street, they are trapped by dangers: poisoning, injuries, accidents.

The life expectancy of yard cats is complicated by:

  • lack of food;
  • infectious and parasitic diseases;
  • cold and dampness;
  • poisoning;
  • injuries as a result of animal attacks, collisions with cars.

The body of cats is depleted due to frequent childbirth and rearing of offspring. Abandoned domestic cats often die faster, after 3-4 months. They are not able to look for food, to defend themselves, and the instinct of self-preservation is dulled over the years of existence in a calm atmosphere.

Life span of cats

Find out what is the average life span of cats at home. How genetics affects. What breeds of cats live longer. Get 10 Practical Tips for Extending Your Pet’s Life.

On average, cats live 13-17 years at home, and 4-5 years in the wild and outdoors. The lifespan of each cat is individual, does not depend on gender, is laid down at the genetic level and changes under the influence of the environment. Life expectancy is influenced by the conditions of detention, care, the ability to get help from a veterinarian on time. The maximum age for a pet can be considered 20 years old (although this value is conditional).

Veterinary care

Seeing a veterinarian sometimes saves lives:

  • Preventive examinations. Early diagnosis helps to identify hidden pathologies and eliminate them at the initial stage, which increases the chances of recovery. The effectiveness of examinations depends on the equipment of the clinic. The animal does not know how to describe in words its own feelings, therefore, a full examination is impossible without diagnostic equipment: ultrasound scanners, biochemical analyzers, electrocardiographs and others. It is better to take your pet to a clinic where you have the necessary equipment.
  • Annual vaccination. Vaccinations protect against serious and fatal diseases. Some breeders consider them optional for stay-at-home cats who don’t go out and don’t meet other animals. Doctors refute this position: a person does not know how to predict possible negative situations in the future. The owners bring pathogenic bacteria on street clothes and shoes, you can catch an infection in a veterinary clinic, meeting sick rodents is not excluded.
  • Correct treatment. The life of an animal depends on the professionalism and conscientiousness of the veterinarian. The doctor’s negligence, mistakes in choosing a therapy regimen lead to complications, pathologies are not cured to the end and return, and diseases in a chronic form deplete the body and shorten the life path.

The lifespan of a cat is indirectly dependent on the genetic program. A person can influence him if he creates favorable conditions for existence and carefully monitors the health of the pet.


The same microclimate suits a cat and a person, so it is better to keep the animal in the apartment and not let it walk alone. On the street, a pet is exposed to the same risks as yard cousins, but more defenseless in front of them. He is not able to assess the danger and react in time, so the likelihood of dying under the wheels of a car or from dog bites increases.

Walking unattended undermines health:

  • the owners do not notice the onset of serious diseases;
  • it is difficult to remove ectoparasites and helminths in a cat;
  • more often inflammation due to hypothermia;
  • higher the likelihood of contracting infections.

Unsuitable habitat. outbuildings: warehouses, sheds, garages. Dampness, drafts, cold reduce immunity, and the body ceases to resist disease. The life of a pet is reduced to 8 years if it goes outside on its own or lives in a farm building. Only walks with the owner on a special harness will be useful.


From 6 years old, cats and cats enter a state of maturity, which lasts up to 9-10 years. At our age, this corresponds to 55-60 years. Pets of this age group are intelligent and calmer in character than the younger generation. If in adolescence and youth a pet can be taught new behavior, then by maturity the skills and reflexes are firmly fixed in the mind of the animal.

How old is a cat by human standards

Owners of baleen pets are often interested in the question. how old is the cat by human standards?

Cats, like humans, have periods of growing up: childhood, adolescence, maturity and old age. There are several systems for converting feline to human years. Some of them are borrowed from dog lovers, others are developed by amateur fellinologists. The former are completely wrong and can be misleading, the latter are much closer to the truth.

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Still, from a scientific point of view, serious research on this topic cannot be carried out, because felines are very different from humans. Maturing times are highly dependent on the breed. Some cats behave like adults as early as 2 years old, others remain children at 4-5 years old.

Let’s see how many human years it takes 1 year of a cat’s life.!


Childhood is the most important stage in a pet’s life. This period begins with the birth of a kitten and lasts for the first 6 months. At this time, the kitten grows intensively and adapts to the surrounding world. The baby develops immunity and character. By human standards, this is the age from birth to 6-8 years.

Age ratio of kittens up to 12 months

Kittens grow up very quickly. The most crucial moment falls on the age of 1-3 months. The kitten adapts to the environment and switches from milk feeding to regular food. From the 4th month to a year, a more stable period. The kid grows, gains weight, learns the world and puberty occurs. It is difficult to find a specific figure that estimates how many years one month of a kitten’s life will be.

Our table allows you to most accurately translate the age of a kitten into human years, taking into account the physiology of development.

Kitten age Human age
1 month 1.5 years
2 months 2 years
3 months 3.5 years
4 months 5 years
5 months 6 years
6 months 7 years
Seven months 9 years
8 months 10 years
9 months 11 years
10 months 12 years old
11 months 14 years
12 months 16 years


At the age of 6 months, the kitten looks much more like an adult animal, but still remains a child. At this age, he is actively developing, begins to learn to hunt and tries to interact with fellows not only at the level of the game, but also learns to defend his position.

Puberty occurs at the age of 8-10 months. It proceeds in much the same way as in adolescents. The hormonal system works like an adult, which induces estrus in cats and stimulates cats to mark territory. At this time, it is still early to have offspring, the genitals continue to develop until the onset of physiological maturity, at the age of 10. 16 months. In humans, this period starts from 7-8 years old and lasts up to 18-20 years.

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Cats that have reached physiological maturity are considered young. This is from 2-3 years old to 5 years old. During this period, the pets are not yet very experienced, but they are active and inquisitive, full of energy and strength. Youth corresponds to 20-35 human years.

Life stages of cats

What will you learn from the article

Heat in cats is a period of sexual arousal. Like other mammals, these periods occur when they are sexually mature and ready to reproduce.

In this article, you will learn all about this condition and understand the best way to deal with your animal.

When cats are in heat

Usually the period of puberty begins by 7-10 months of age.

But the full physiological formation of the body for procreation ends at about 12-14 months.

It should be noted that the time of the onset of the first estrus, as well as its regularity, depends on many factors, including the breed of the cat.

For example, in such oriental breeds as Siamese, Persian and Oriental, estrus can be observed much more often than cats of other breeds (for example, Scottish, British).

How often does it happen

The leaks continue all year round and may recur every three weeks until the cat is spayed or becomes pregnant.

Usually, domestic cats ask for a cat at any time of the year, but a particular increase in sex drive is noted in late winter. mid-spring, from about February to March.

Heat medications

Yes, there is a hormonal agent in injections (Covinan), the introduction of which can stop estrus and prevent its occurrence for an average of six months.

Please note that such a drug is very undesirable to use without consulting a veterinarian.

Firstly, these injections must be done strictly according to the scheme, not once, but over several months.

Secondly, the drug can only be used before estrus.

The use of hormonal injections during estrus is categorically contraindicated.

Consider the fact that the first injection of this drug should be done ONLY by a veterinarian, telling the further scheme of use.

Do not forget about the high risk of diseases of the uterus, appendages and mammary glands of your pet. This medication is contraindicated in cats over 5 years old, especially if it has never been used on your cat before.

How to help your cat in heat

Claims that it is better not to touch cats during sexual activity are not entirely correct.

On the contrary, show more tenderness and care, more often pick up, talk, stroke and comb the cat. These simple manipulations will relieve tension and calm the animal a little.

Keep in mind that active games with your pet will also help distract her at least a little from an irresistible desire to procreate. While in heat, give your kitty a good ride so that she can release her stored energy.

You can also use sedatives such as herbal infusion Kot Bayun or Anti Stress drops. They are harmless and can help correct your cat’s behavior during estrus. They should be applied following the instructions in the instructions.

How long does a cat’s estrus last?

So, a cat’s first estrus occurs at the age of 7-10 months.

One sexual cycle (estrus) lasts approximately 5 days to 2 weeks.

Drops, tablets and suspensions from walking

To reduce sexual arousal in cats, Suprastin (a drug for people against allergies) is also sometimes used.

Give it to cats for three days, ¼ tablets per 5 kg of animal weight.

If you do not strictly follow the dosage, then you can poison the animal. Plus, Suprastin, like other histamine receptor blockers, leads to disturbances in the animal’s body.

Drops, tablets and suspensions from estrus such as Contra-Sex, Sex-Barrier, Stop-Intim and the like also help suppress the sexual arousal of the animal, as they contain hormones.

Any veterinarian will tell you that these drugs are very harmful to your pet and are suitable for use only 1-2 times, but no more.

Hormonal agents cannot be used on an ongoing basis. They cause suppuration of the uterus, cancer of the uterus and ovaries, and also of the mammary glands.

These preparations for walking are not an alternative to sterilization and you, as caring and loving owners, should understand this.

Hormones can be used as an emergency, for example, when a cat resumes heat after giving birth, or the like.

What absolutely cannot be done is to yell at the pet, punish, lock in a confined space, and even more so do not use a cooling shower.