What drugs to choose for deworming
Of course, any symptoms of helminthic invasion are the reason for seeking medical help. But self-treatment is not recommended, since you can not only not achieve positive results, but also aggravate the condition of the pet.
To establish the type of parasite, it is necessary to pass a feces test for laboratory research. Only after the results are obtained, the doctor will be able to prescribe an effective therapy using anthelmintic drugs.
For puppies, such drugs are prescribed only taking into account age, the most common of which are:
- Drontal Junior is an effective remedy against nematodes, can be given to puppies from two weeks of age. You can also watch Drontal Plus.
- Prazitel is a universal remedy that affects almost all types of parasitic worms (round, tape, flat), often prescribed for a mixed type of infection, it is also possible to treat puppies from two weeks.
- Prazicide in the form of a suspension is an antiparasitic drug with a wide range of effects against nematodes and cestodes. Allowed for admission only from three weeks.
Effective anthelmintics suitable for adult dogs include the following:
- Helmintal is a suspension that rid the animal’s body of tapeworms and nematodes.
- Droncite. available in two forms. in liquid (in the form of a solution) and tableted. Has powerful action against intestinal worms.
- Milbemax is a product designed for small breeds, with its help you can rid your pet of round and tape parasites.
Before giving the drug to an animal, you need to carefully read the information specified in the instructions and follow the recommendations specified in it. It is imperative to observe the dosage of the agent, otherwise the active components of the drug can harm the pet’s body weakened by worms. If the dosage is reduced, then the parasites cannot be removed, but a large dose will cause intoxication.
Symptoms of worms in adult dogs and puppies
Almost all owners of four-legged friends, especially dogs, are interested in the question, is it possible to independently determine whether a pet has worms or not?
In fact, there are a number of signs that allow you to find out, and the symptoms depend on the type of pathogen and the degree of damage.
The main symptoms of worm infestation are as follows:
- Long-term diarrhea can be caused by roundworms or whipworms.
- An admixture of blood, mucus in feces can be a signal that the dog is infected with a hookworm or whipworm.
- Body parts. segments of cestodes (tapeworms), can be found in the feces, as well as in the coat near the anus. Outwardly, they resemble rice grains.
- Round and tapeworms often provoke prolonged vomiting in an animal.
- Severe bloating is a symptom of a nematode (roundworm) infestation and is most often accompanied by a loud rumbling.
- Almost all parasites, except hookworms, cause significant weight loss in dogs.
- The condition of the coat and skin can also signal the presence of worms in the body. If the coat has lost its luster, it may be due to the roundworms. They can also provoke skin irritations.
- If parasites live in the intestines, then they take away most of the incoming nutrients from the animal’s body. Naturally, this leads to various disorders and most often to the development of iron deficiency. anemia. It can be detected by examining the animal’s gums; with anemia, they lose their usual color and become pale. A similar symptom most often indicates infection of the dog with hookworm or whipworm.
The behavior of the animal with helminthic invasions can also change. Tapeworms cause pain syndrome. the animal becomes agitated, very often pets feel itching in the anus and try to get rid of it, as if dragging their butt along the ground.
A noticeable decrease in the activity of the pet should alert the owner, perhaps the animal is infected with a hookworm or whipworm.
It is much more difficult to determine the presence of heart parasites in an animal, this is due to the fact that when infected, this type of worm does not make itself felt for a long time. Already with a strong damage to the body, signs of the disease appear:
Also, in this case, it becomes difficult for the pet to breathe, or, conversely, breathing becomes too frequent. The danger lies in the fact that with such symptoms it is not possible to save the animal.
For timely detection, we can only recommend that you regularly contact the veterinary service for diagnostics.
As for the puppies, all of these symptoms apply to them as well. If the baby has lost the shine of the coat, he has ceased to be active and gain weight, you need to urgently contact the veterinarian, without waiting for the manifestation of more serious symptoms.
The main types of worms in dogs
In fact, there are a great many parasites that need an animal body, but the following types of worms are most often diagnosed in dogs:
- Heartworms. the disease they cause is called dirofyaliriosis.
- Intestinal worms. these include round, tapeworms, whipworms (whipworms) and hookworms (nematodes).
Veterinarians mainly isolate various invasions and, based on the diagnosis and the identified parasite, prescribe the appropriate treatment for worms in the dog.
Worms in dogs
All dog owners at least once in their lives have encountered helminth disease in their pets. This ailment is caused by various parasitic worms that penetrate the animal’s body. They can be located in almost any organ and have a detrimental effect on the entire body as a whole. How to recognize worms in a dog, save it from this unpleasant disease, and even better. prevent infection.
What is the cause of helminthiasis
The widespread opinion that stray dogs most often suffer from worms is fundamentally wrong. Without appropriate prevention, the risks of infection in pets and stray animals are almost equal.
This is due to their wide distribution. Parasite eggs can be found anywhere, including parks, green areas, entrances. In addition, they often contaminate food.
There is also a link between the animal’s immune system and the possibility of infection. Pets with low immunity are more susceptible to helminthic infestations.
Worms affect dogs of any age, even very small puppies can suffer from helminthiasis. But if for an adult healthy individual, ordinary deworming is enough to get rid of parasites and return to normal life, then the body of babies may not tolerate such an invasion. That is why it is important to identify and destroy them as early as possible.
Unfortunately, there is no remedy that could eradicate the parasites once and for all. And preventive measures are aimed only at reducing them, but, nevertheless, this allows you to maintain the health of the pet and helps it develop correctly.
Many are interested in the question, can a person become infected with worms from an animal? Some varieties of worms get along well in the human body and are most often found in children. This is another reason to be concerned about preventive measures.
Infection with helminths can occur in two ways:
- Thanks to external sources contaminated with parasite eggs. They can be feces, water from puddles, fish without heat treatment, especially river fish, and so on. This method of infection is the most common and occurs while walking with your pet. Naturally, it will not be possible to completely protect the dog from contacts with possible danger, but still it is worth making sure that the dog does not pick up anything and does not drink dirty water.
- Parasites are transmitted through carriers. other animals, as well as through organisms that are intermediate hosts of worm larvae. They are fleas, ticks.
Prevention of worms in dogs
As noted earlier, it is impossible to completely protect a dog from infection with helminths. Even lapdogs using a litter box can become infected from outdoor shoes if they get parasite eggs on them. But it is humanly possible to reduce all risks to a minimum if you regularly engage in prevention.
Given the possibility of transmission of parasites during the period of gestation, pets should be given anthelmintics two weeks before the planned mating. The first deworming of puppies is carried out from two weeks of age.
There should also be a routine procedure that includes taking antiparasitic drugs. Veterinarians and experienced breeders recommend doing this every three months.
Dog Worms:How to Spot the Symptoms and Make Them Go Away for Life!
In addition, it is necessary to exclude the possibility of free walking, this will reduce the pet’s ability to eat something from the ground, look into street trash cans, communicate with homeless relatives.
Some varieties of worms in the transition period (in the form of larvae) are transmitted through other parasitic organisms. fleas, ticks and lice. Therefore, timely antiparasitic treatment of the animal will get rid of two problems at once. In the warm season, when the risks of catching fleas are much higher, it is recommended to wear a special flea collar for your pet.
The pet should not be allowed to communicate with wild animals, contact with carrion and feces. Especially vigilance must be exercised in relation to dogs, which, due to natural instincts, roll in carrion, feces in order to remove their own odor.
When walking, it is better to stay away from places with high humidity and an abundance of insects, including mosquitoes. Preventive measures need to be supported by keeping the home clean. The floor should be washed daily with detergent, and disinfectants should be applied two to three times a week. This is especially important for the place where outdoor shoes are left.
Why helminths are dangerous for dogs
If untreated, worms in dogs over time can lead to serious consequences, including:
- weakening of immunity and lagging behind in growth and development due to insufficient supply of nutrients to the animal’s body;
- mental exhaustion of the dog due to constant itching, pain, discomfort;
- the addition of infection against the background of a decrease in protective forces, the development of numerous diseases;
- serious intoxication of the pet’s body with toxic metabolic products of parasites, the development of allergic reactions.
Helminths lead to diseases of the liver, brain, heart, lungs and other organs. Ignoring the symptoms of worms in a dog is fraught with the development of jaundice, heart attack, epilepsy, intestinal obstruction, cerebral hemorrhage, loss of vision and other consequences, including death.
Important: according to statistics, more than 60% of domestic dogs are infested with helminths. At the same time, infected pets look clinically healthy, so the owners do not always suspect that their beloved animal is sick.
Worms in dogs
Helminthiases affect even the cleanest and most well-groomed dog, so the fight against parasites consists not only in regular washing and protecting it from street acquaintances, but also involves other targeted actions and increased attention from the owner. How worms can appear in dogs, how to recognize and remove them. more on this later in the article.
What types of worms do dogs have?
What symptoms will show up helminthiasis in a pet depends on the type of worms. The table below provides a brief description of the most common parasites.
Unfortunately, it will not work to completely prevent the infection of the dog with worms. However, you can significantly reduce the risk of helminthiasis with the help of elementary preventive measures.
- Timely deworming the pet, observing the timing and dosage.
- Periodically donate feces for helminthiases even in the absence of appropriate symptoms.
- Eliminate raw fish and offal from the diet. Process raw meat with boiling water.
- Do not allow the dog to drink from puddles and open bodies of water, pick up pieces of food outside.
- Timely identify and destroy blood-sucking insects. Treat the animal with products for external use.
- Avoid unnecessary “dating” of your pet.
- Wash the dog’s bedding regularly, wash the food and water bowl.
Diagnostics of helminthiasis
If you suspect helminthiasis, you need to contact a veterinary clinic for diagnostic measures. Diagnosis of worms in dogs is a laboratory study of blood and feces. Analyzes make it possible not only to identify the presence of parasites, but also to determine their species.
Many owners believe that to diagnose helminthiasis, it is enough to hand over the pet’s feces. However, some worms that live in the heart or lungs can only be detected by examining the blood of the animal. Preference is given to enzyme immunoassay (ELISA) or polymerase chain reaction (PCR). These methods are considered to be the most informative.
If you suspect a pulmonary or cardiac form of helminthiasis, the doctor may prescribe an X-ray examination and / and an ultrasound of the heart.
Attention: even if the owner knows what a particular parasite looks like, having found worms in the dog’s feces, it is imperative to donate feces for diagnosis. It is possible that other helminths will be present in the animal’s body.
Treatment of worms in dogs
Treatment of worms in dogs is aimed at destroying parasites and their larvae, eliminating the symptoms of the disease, and increasing the immunity of the animal. Therapy depends on the type of helminth: in most cases, medications are used, but sometimes you have to resort to surgical interventions (echinococcosis, dirofilariasis).
How to collect your dog’s stool for analysis
To make an analysis of feces for the presence of worms, it is enough to take a small amount of the dog’s feces and take it to the laboratory. The feces can be put in a container (special containers are sold in regular pharmacies) or, in extreme cases, in a plastic bag. If you cannot take it right away, it is allowed to store the material for 1-2 days at a temperature not higher than 30 ˚С (best of all. 3-10 ˚С). To detect the larvae of worms, it is not necessary that the feces be fresh.
Sometimes a series of sequential fecal worm tests are required. In this case, feces should be taken after each bowel movement of the dog. Serial diagnostics increase the reliability of the results obtained.
Worms in dogs
All living organisms in nature are interconnected with each other. They form sequential food chains, symbiosis and dependencies that allow maintaining the diversity of species and maintaining a constant renewal of the biosphere. Evolution is the reason for the emergence of complex multicellular organisms with a large number of adaptations that help them survive under the conditions of natural selection. And the strongest survives. Therefore, some animals have chosen the most simple and primitive way of life. parasitism, existence at the expense of the resources of another organism.
As a rule, “babies” are parasites in nature. microorganisms, worms, insects that settle in the host’s body, harm it, often causing the development of a disease (parasitosis). Worms are internal parasites (other names are helminths, worms), the habitat of which is the organs and tissues of an infected dog. The main place where helminths parasitize is the gastrointestinal tract, more often the small intestine, but some of them can settle in the liver, gall bladder, lungs, blood vessels, under the skin. Worms can affect the brain, muscles, and even the eyes.
A common misconception of owners is that if a dog is domestic, walks on a harness, eats from a bowl and sleeps on a pillow, then it cannot become infected with worms (helminths). over, a pet in the house, even in the absence of constant walking, is always a risk factor for human infection with helminths.
Infection with helminths in a dog
Worms enter the dog’s body from the environment. They damage organs and tissues, cause inflammatory and allergic reactions with the occurrence of helminthiasis. a disease caused by helminths. Worms go through several stages of development (development cycle): egg, larva, adult.
To continue their race, the worms must leave the host’s body and enter the external environment. Adult females lay eggs, which with feces, urine, and animal secretions go out into the environment and get into the soil, water, plants, surfaces, and may even be on the animal’s fur. For the development of helminth eggs, a favorable environment, moisture and warmth are needed. A larva hatches from the egg, which matures and becomes capable of infecting the dog. The dog swallows the larva, in the dog’s body it grows to an adult, which begins to lay eggs. This is a direct cycle of parasite development.
In some helminths, for the appearance of the larval stage, an egg with a larva or a larva in the environment must enter the body of another intermediary (intermediate) host, sometimes there can be several of them, they can be mollusks, insects, small rodents. In the organism of the mediator, a larva appears from the egg, which parasitizes in organs and tissues and undergoes a series of transformations, is released into the environment or remains in the organism of the intermediate host. A dog, eating a mollusk, a rodent or in contact with the waste products of an intermediate host, becomes infected with helminth larvae. In the body of the dog (in this case, the final owner), an adult grows from the larva, which begins to reproduce. And the cycle repeats again. The presence of an intermediate in infection by larvae is noted with an indirect cycle of parasite development.
Worms in the eyes of dogs
Worms in the eyes are an eerie, dangerous and rare sight. The intermediate carrier of worms is the fruit fly, which lays eggs on the pet’s eyelids. Adult worms are clearly visible against the background of the iris, they actively move and look like serpentine ribbons.
Removal of worms is performed surgically, under local and general anesthesia. During the procedure, the dog’s eye must be completely still, as there is a risk of damage to the lens. The cornea is opened, the worms are taken out with tweezers, then long-term local treatment is carried out.
Alben and Alben C
Alben is a broad Spectra anthelmintic drug. When working with the drug, you need to pay special attention to dosages, since side effects appear sharply and rapidly.
The drug is available in two commercial forms:
- Alben. active ingredient albendazole.
- Alben C. active ingredients: azinox and albendazole.
- Nematodes. all stages of development.
- Cestodes. all stages of development. Trematodes. adults only.
Note! Alben is intended for the prevention of parasites in rural animals, therefore its use for dogs is not approved by many veterinarians. Practice shows that owners rarely manage to accurately calculate the dose for small animals.
- Nematodes. all stages of development.
- Cestodes. all stages of development.
Contraindications to the use of Alben C: age less than 3 weeks, weight less than 2.5 kg, pregnancy and lactation period. The drug is used only under the supervision of a physician if the animal is exhausted, over, or recovers from an infectious disease.
Method of use: in the morning on an empty stomach on the root of the tongue, with a little food or water. The occurrence of frothy drooling after application of an aqueous suspension is considered an expected side effect that goes away without intervention.
- For dogs weighing more than 2.5 kg, the dose is calculated from the ratio of 1 tablet per 5 kg of body weight.
- If the dog weighs less than 2.5 kg, 1 tablet is crushed and dissolved in 10 ml of water. The resulting suspension is dosed according to the principle of 1 ml per 1 kg of body weight.
Features of use: when using an aqueous suspension, it must be thoroughly shaken immediately before drinking, since the crushed tablet quickly precipitates. For the purpose of prevention, dogs are treated once every 2-3 months. In the treatment of advanced helminthiasis, Alben C is used only under the supervision of a doctor.
Side effects: with strict adherence to dosages, no negative symptoms are observed. In case of an overdose, the dog quickly develops a clinical picture of intoxication. The condition is relieved by adsorbents and plenty of drinking.
- Nematodes (roundworms) at all stages of development.
- Cestodes (flatworms) at all stages of development.
Method of use: tablets are given in the morning, on an empty stomach or with a small amount of food. If necessary, tablets can be crushed and dissolved in water. The dosage of Zoolekar tablets is single. 1 tablet per 10 kg of body weight.
Features of use: for prophylaxis, tablets are given once a quarter. No prior preparation, fasting or laxatives are required. Before vaccination, treatment is carried out no later than 2 weeks. Side effects are extremely rare.
Prazicid (Prazicid) is a combined action anthelmintic drug. Active ingredients: praziquantel and pyrantela pamoat.
Note! Prazicide is available in three commercial forms: tablets, suspension for puppies and small breeds, drops (Prazicide Combo) for the prevention of external and internal parasites.
- Round worms.
- Flat worms.
What are Symptoms of Tapeworms in Dogs? How to prevent them?
Contraindications: increased individual sensitivity, pregnancy and the first 3-4 weeks after childbirth, age up to 3 weeks, exhaustion. Prazicide should not be used on sick or recovering animals. With the simultaneous use of Prazicide and other antiparasitic agents, there is a high risk of poisoning.
The dosage of Prazicide tablets is single. 1 tablet per 10 kg of body weight.
Features of use: when the invasion is neglected, the drug is given twice with a frequency of 10 days. For preventive purposes, dogs are treated every 3 months. Treatment of pregnant bitches is carried out 3 weeks before delivery under the obligatory supervision of a veterinarian.
Side effects: in case of individual intolerance to the components of the drug, an allergic reaction may occur. The condition of the animal is alleviated by antihistamines and symptomatic therapy. In case of an overdose, the dog develops apathy, refusal to feed, vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, neurological abnormalities.
Azinox Plus (Azinox plus). a complex drug for worms in dogs. Active ingredients: praziquantel and tetramisole hydrochloride.
- Nematodes at all stages of development.
- Cestodes at all stages of development.
Contraindications: weakened and pregnant animals. Puppies and lactating dogs can be given Azinox Plus no earlier than 10 days after giving birth, provided that the litter is developing normally and the mother is recovering at an adequate rate.
The dosage of Azinox Plus is calculated based on the proportion of 1 tablet per 10 kg of body weight. Due to the complexity of dosing, in the prevention of worms in puppies, the drug is used with extreme caution.
Features of use: for the prevention of worms in urban conditions, Azinox Plus is used every 2 months. If the dog lives in a village or on a farm, the treatment is carried out every 30-45 days, depending on the activity of the parasites and their carriers.
Side effects: are extremely rare and only in case of significant overdose. Azinox Plus is considered one of the safest drugs for dogs.
Treatment for worms in small breed dogs
Regardless of size, absolutely all dogs are susceptible to infection with worms. What are the nuances of prevention in small breed dogs?
It is important to understand that the smaller the dog, the sharper and faster it develops any abnormalities associated with pathology.
However, the following risks exist when preventing worms in small dogs:
- Difficulty calculating dosage.
- Many drugs are contraindicated in low weight dogs.
- In case of overdose or side effects, there is not much time to provide assistance.
If your dog is prone to acute allergic reactions, treatment is best done under the supervision of a doctor (as part of a scheduled visit).
Worms in a dog: symptoms and treatment
Is it possible to determine the type of invasion by symptoms? How to determine which worms a dog has: round, tapered or white? Perhaps you suspect that your pet has pulmonary or heart worms? What are the features of prevention of worms in a pregnant or lactating bitch, in dogs of small and large breeds? Let’s figure it out!
Symptoms of the appearance of worms in dogs
The appearance of worms in dogs can be calculated by a number of external signs. So, for example, if you notice that the dog began to lose weight, but at the same time eats for two, you should be wary. With a large number of parasites in the body, the dog may also show signs of anemia: pale gums and a whitish inner eyelid. At the same time, the coat becomes dull and as if powdered with dust, the dog may show signs of anxiety due to the fact that it experiences constant itching in the anus, and it is rather difficult to scratch it. Sometimes she tries to scratch herself on the floor, for which she “rides on the priest”. In worm-affected puppies, the belly usually looks very bloated. most often this can be seen in small mongrels.
When infected with ascaris in dogs, a wet cough is periodically observed. There may also be other manifestations specific to this particular parasite, of which there are a great many.
Modern methods of treatment
As a rule, the treatment of helminthiasis is carried out with the help of various antiglust preparations (tablets, suspensions, drops on the withers). So that after taking the medicine, the dead parasites completely leave the dog’s body, it can be given a mild laxative. Also, veterinarians often prescribe drugs that prevent blood clotting so that the destroyed helminths and their larvae do not clog the blood vessels. If the helminthiasis was severe enough, dogs are shown to drink a course of vitamins and trace elements, including iron, to increase hemoglobin levels.
However, there are times when medicines alone are no longer enough: if there are too many helminths, they can cause intestinal obstruction or block the airways. In these cases, only urgent surgery can save the dog.
Treatment of worms in dogs
Causes of worms in dogs
Worms in dogs
Prevention of the appearance of worms in dogs at home
Those who first learn about the diversity of the world of parasites and their ingenious ways of infecting animals have the impression that there is no way to escape from them, and all of us. both people and dogs. do not even have a chance to avoid helminthiases, because parasites are literally everywhere. This, of course, is not entirely true. If things were so hopeless, we, together with our four-legged friends, would have died out even in the days of medieval unsanitary conditions. Do not forget about the immune forces of the body, which is able to resist helminthic invasions and prevent parasites from multiplying very much.
However, this does not mean that you can completely close your eyes to the problem. And, of course, first of all, you need to regularly give the dog antihelminthic drugs. In addition, you need to carefully monitor that your dog does not pick up anything on the street, and limit his contact with stray relatives. And, of course, keep the house clean.