The liver of a bird is not only possible, but also must be given to puppies. It contains a large amount of vitamin B, which is responsible for the proper development of the nervous system.
The offal is boiled and introduced into the diet of a young dog as a complementary food. A few small pieces two to three times a week will be enough.
If you give your puppy a liver more often, it can deform the bones, as well as develop allergies, which will cause poor overall development and weight loss.
You can introduce the liver into the diet of a puppy from the second month of life.
Chicken livers your dog will love
How much to cook?
The easiest and correct way to cook liver is to boil it. This is done within a few minutes. With prolonged cooking, the product only becomes harder and significantly loses not only in taste, but also in the amount of nutrients.
Many experts recommend only pouring boiling water over the product. this will be enough.
- During cooking, salt cannot be used, even in small doses.
- You can mix the liver with buckwheat porridge. this is the most useful combination of foods, rich in folic acid.
- You can also extinguish the liver, but it is advisable not to fry the product. after this procedure, too much harmful fat accumulates in it.
- After cooking, the liver is cooled and then crushed.
Pregnant and lactating
As for pregnant and lactating dogs, in this case there are no restrictions on the liver. You can also give it 2-3 times a week for 150-200 grams. The only limitation applies to older dogs. in this case, a single serving should be reduced to 50-80 grams.
This product is allowed to be given to all breeds of dogs. Even the smallest, such as the Yorkshire Terrier, Chihuahua, Pekingese, Dachshund, Toy Terrier, Pug or Spitz. The frequency is the same as for other dogs. no more than three times a week. This diet will protect pets from diarrhea.
This product is useful for both humans and dogs. The liver contains many vitamins (including vitamins of group B, E, D), as well as a considerable amount of minerals (iron, zinc, copper and sodium. Amino acids are also present in the by-product.
In addition, the liver is high in protein (even more than meat). This element is a building material for muscles, as well as supporting components for the normal functioning of ligaments and tendons.
Another beneficial property of the liver can be considered the ability to increase hemoglobin, which directly affects the general health, physical activity, and also the energy of the dog.
The product contains an element called heparin, which is responsible for good blood circulation in all organs. Chicken liver is considered a dietary product. it contains practically no fat.
Of course, any product has its limitations and contraindications, which dog owners should know about so as not to harm their pet.
This by-product contains a large amount of vitamin A. If dogs are given too much liver, they can become overdose of vitamins. Such a process in the body causes muscle weakness, bone spurs, as well as malfunctions of the digestive system.
Also, the danger lies in the fact that the composition of the offal may include hormones and various food additives that fed the chicken.
Do you know if a dog can have chicken liver??
Can dogs eat chicken liver? This question is often asked by pet owners.
The answer is unequivocal. even necessary. After all, every owner wants to provide his pet with good nutrition and development. And dogs, in turn, do not mind eating goodies.
How to cook?
How to give?
This product is recommended to be given no more than twice a week. You can mix it with various cereals. The liver should not be allowed to become the sole source of protein for dogs. Be sure to alternate the liver with other offal (ventricles and hearts are especially useful) or meat.
You can give no more than 300 grams of product at a time, depending on the size of the dog.
Chicken wings and paws
There is a lot of controversy about chicken wings and paws. For example, followers of the BARF nutrition system argue that the basis of the diet of any dog should be muscular meat, offal and raw meat bones, including chicken wings, legs, backs, heads and necks.
Feet and wings contain a lot of collagen and are rich in amino acid composition. Collagen is very beneficial for the bones and joints of the quadruped.
On the other hand, chicken wings and legs contain tubular bones. Maybe not as hard and dense as the bones of the lower leg, but, nevertheless, tubular.
So what can be done? Should you introduce these bone by-products into your pet’s diet? The answer is: everything is individual.
If you have a puppy or a small dog, it is best to skip this product. Or, cook a rich jellied meat from these parts of the poultry carcass, which will also be useful for strengthening the joints of the four-legged. Only after the products are cooked for jellied meat, do not forget to remove dangerous bones from the paws and wings.
If your pet knows how to chew bones thoroughly, and his gastrointestinal tract has already learned how to fully process them, then chicken wings and paws are quite suitable as an addition to the diet.
But before feeding them, the following rules should be observed:
- Products should be given raw.
- Remove large tubular bones from paws and wings.
- Cut the claws from the chicken paws. They are not useful, but they can easily scratch the stomach.
- Feed dogs with paws and wings no more than 1-2 times a week.
So, to summarize, I will note the main points regarding the dog’s nutrition with chicken meat.
Chicken meat is very healthy and nutritious. It will be an excellent addition and diversifies the diet of your beloved pet.
But, before offering chicken to your dog, make sure that the product is of good quality and that the animal is not allergic to it. Inject bone-containing chicken parts with care. Remember, not all bones can be given to a four-legged.
But chicken necks, perhaps, will become the most favorite treat for your pet. Since there are no dangerous bones in the necks, they can be fed to both small dogs and puppies over 3-4 months.
There is a lot of muscle meat on the necks, and the bones themselves are quite “soft”. But giving the doggie chicken necks is also recommended raw. Soft boiled chicken necks can cause intestinal obstruction.
Before serving small dogs and puppies, it is recommended to pre-soften the bones by beating them off with a meat hammer.
But the baked chicken necks treat will make your pet just squeal with pleasure. I talked about how to prepare such a treat earlier here. treats and treats for dogs.
What chicken offal can be introduced into the pet’s diet?
The main part of the chicken is thin cartilaginous bones, meat and offal. Tubular bones, which pose a threat to the health and life of a quadruped, are found only in chicken legs and wings.
What parts of a chicken carcass will diversify your pet’s diet and will not harm its health?
But first, let me remind you a few basic rules once again.
If you offer your pet offal containing bones, in no case should you give them boiled.
Use caution when offering chicken bones to young puppies who cannot chew and small breed pets.
Before you feed your dog chicken and chicken offal, make sure that this type of meat does not cause allergies in the pet.
So, as you probably already understood, it will be about raw, not thermally processed products. Let’s start from the top!
What chicken offal are contraindicated
Before proceeding to the section on acceptable offal, it is important to know which parts of a chicken carcass are categorically contraindicated for tetrapods.
The fact is that during heat treatment, tubular chicken bones become “fragile”. Their structure is such that when gnawed, they crack into small and very sharp fragments, which can be compared to sharp nails or glass. If it enters the esophagus, these fragments can rip open, pierce the stomach, intestines, which will lead to surgery or death of the animal.
Any cooked bones should not be given at all. This applies not only to chicken, but in general to all bones in general.
Raw bone (only if it is not tubular) is easily processed in the stomach of the animal. But boiled is much worse. In the gastrointestinal tract, cooked bones turn into dust. Under the influence of gastric mucus, this dust “sticks together”, forming a kind of plugs that lead to constipation and volvulus.
At what age can a puppy be fed chicken?
If the bird is of proven quality, with the transition to solid food, you can safely introduce this meat into the puppy’s diet. Better to start with white meat.
If health problems do not arise, and the baby’s body perfectly accepts new food, feel free to introduce other parts of the chicken carcass.
Is chicken meat good for dogs?
When transferring a dog to natural raw feeding, it is advised to start with this particular meat. The reason is that chicken protein is easier to digest, and it is easier for the animal’s body to digest it. Chicken, as I mentioned above, is a dietary meat. Even more so than beef, lamb and, moreover, pork, which are recommended to be introduced into the dog’s diet after a successful transition to chicken meat.
Chicken meat is an excellent source of B vitamins and these microelements: calcium, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus and so on. Despite the fact that chicken is a dietary product, its energy value is quite high (183 kcal per 100 grams of product). 100 grams of raw chicken contains about 70% water, 18% protein, 11% fat, 0.8% ash and 0.4% carbohydrates.
Chickens are less nutritious. But for dogs of medium and large breeds, who can chew and digest raw vertebral bones, small chickens are fed whole.
So, we saw that the benefits of this type of meat for a pet are quite large. But, you should be aware that this only applies to fresh chicken obtained from chicken grown on natural feed without the addition of antibiotics.
The task of any large manufacturer is to make a profit from their products as soon as possible. Therefore, for enhanced growth, very often in poultry farms, conventional antibiotics, or, as they are also called, “growth hormones”, are added to the feed for chickens. These hormones strike the bird’s liver, kidneys and pancreas. Plus a sedentary lifestyle, since chickens are kept in tight enclosures. Here at the “exit” we get a huge weighty and fat carcass.
This antibiotic-laden meats often cause allergies, gastrointestinal upset and pancreatitis in dogs. An excess of “growth hormone” is very harmful for puppies, as it is fraught with early puberty and abnormal development of the skeleton of the animal.
Can you give your pet such a chicken? No no and one more time no!
If you want to diversify the menu of your four-legged chicken, a homemade chicken that ran through the meadows, nibbled grass and ate natural feed is best suited.
Chicken stomachs and hearts
Chicken stomachs and hearts are very healthy, as they are high in protein and valuable micronutrients that help to improve the condition of the coat and skin of the four-legged.
These offal do not contain bones, so they can be safely given to absolutely all pets that do not suffer from chicken allergies. They can be fed to dogs both raw and boiled.
In combination with vegetables and cereals, boiled ventricles or hearts will really please your pet (do not forget about the proportion 70-20-10).
Chicken liver acts as a kind of filter in the bird’s body. It accumulates harmful substances that can enter the body along with food. However, all its useful properties should not be underestimated.
- First, the liver contains as much protein as white chicken.
- Secondly, the liver is rich in B vitamins, which are responsible for the circulatory system of the animal.
- And thirdly, the high vitamin “A” improves the condition of the skin and vision of the four-legged.
The liver can be given to a pet both raw and boiled. But, in view of the fact that this offal still serves as a filter, it should be given to dogs in a limited amount, no more than 1-2 times a week, in the form of an additive to the main dish. It is best to use a quality product from house chickens raised without growth hormones.
It should also be remembered that the liver can cause diarrhea in your pet.
How to choose the right product
Pet owners should be able to choose the liver. In the markets, you can often encounter unscrupulous sellers offering substandard products.
The first step is to pay attention to the color of the liver: it should be brown, without various impurities and inclusions. A yellow or greenish color of the product indicates that the chicken was sick with some kind of infectious disease.
The smell is also worth considering. Healthy and fresh liver smells good. An expired product has a sour aroma, and the owner must decide for himself whether to give it to his pet.
How long to cook
Cooking is considered the fastest and easiest cooking option. The whole process takes no more than 10-15 minutes. With prolonged heat treatment, the liver hardens, its taste deteriorates and useful qualities decrease.
The full cooking time also depends on the size of the cubes. Experts recommend trying the product more often for hardness and dryness. The finished dish is cooled and stored in the refrigerator for no longer than 3 days.
Features of the use of liver for dogs
As mentioned above, a dog at any age needs vitamins. It is from the correct diet that not only her health depends, but also her appearance.
When feeding a pet with chicken liver, owners should know how to correctly and how often to introduce it into the diet, in what form to give the dog: raw or boiled.
Raw food lovers point out that dogs are allowed to be fed with raw offal, because wild animals eat exclusively raw meat.
Here it should be borne in mind that even in the frozen liver, helminths can remain, which can withstand a rather low temperature and prolonged freezing. This suggests that the dog, eating a raw liver, will certainly become infected with worms.
A domestic dog is not a wild animal.
Raw meat can provoke severe poisoning in the animal and malfunction of the gastrointestinal tract.
There is no such dog that will refuse a piece of raw meat. But veterinarians are against such feeding of pets, so they recommend pre-boiling the offal, and only after that give the dog.
The liver cooks quickly, so it retains its useful qualities even after heat treatment.
Advantages and disadvantages
The product in question is distinguished by its nutritional qualities. It is high in protein, fatty acids, vitamin A and minerals.
If you introduce a little liver into the pet’s diet, then this will only benefit the animal’s body. But it is worth considering some of the disadvantages of offal.
Can dogs eat Chicken Livers
The fact is that there is a lot of vitamin A in the liver, and this can cause an oversaturation of the body with this component. This phenomenon leads to the appearance of bone spurs, muscle weakness and gastrointestinal pathologies.
The liver accumulates hormones and harmful additives from feed. Helminths also develop in it. All this can harm the animal.
How to cook properly
Many dog owners prefer to simply douse the offal with boiling water. They argue that you should not salt the liver, but rather mix it with buckwheat. It is this combination that enriches the animal’s body with folic acids.
Experts say that the liver can be boiled and stewed, but not fried, because a large amount of fat is absorbed into the liver during frying. To prepare a treat for your beloved pet, it is enough to boil the offal.
To prepare nutritious food, take 1 kg of liver, a few cloves of garlic and a small amount of sunflower oil.
The liver is pre-soaked for at least 4 hours so that all accumulated harmful microelements come out of it. When the drained water is clear, the product can be cooked.
The liver is finely chopped and simmered in the microwave for 10-15 minutes or baked in the oven. When baking, the prepared mass is spread on a sheet and placed in the oven for 25 minutes.
The baking sheet should first be greased with sunflower oil. This recipe is suitable for dogs of all ages.
A fairly heavy and nutritious product that many dog handlers like to use as rewards when training pets. Dogs perceive it as tasty and happily follow orders for the opportunity to get a tasty morsel.
The benefits of the product are unambiguous. it is an excellent source of protein and a whole list of vitamins that allow you to fully provide your pet’s body with everything it needs. However, overfeeding is also not worth it. It is not a good idea to completely transfer the dog from meat to offal, and in particular to beef liver, as an excess of vitamins and microelements may occur, and this is also very harmful.
It is also worth carefully introducing beef offal into the food of puppies. If the doggie did not try it, and then ate a large portion, then it is possible that you feel unwell and disturbances in the functioning of the digestive system, which leads to diarrhea or vomiting.
It almost completely coincides in its properties with chicken, but it has one very important difference, which ultimately tilts the balance to its side. The turkey liver has a denser structure and dark color, like all meat in general, as well as a high calorie content, which makes it a full-fledged participant in the diet of an animal of any size that does not require correction with other types of meat.
Turkey offal can replace the meat component of the feed on time, without harming the animal’s body and closing the need for energy and nutritional value of dinner even for active animals experiencing serious physical exertion.
A very common option for owners of small decorative dogs. It is a dietary product rich in protein. In terms of its qualities and usefulness, it is almost equal to chicken breast.
Not a very nutritious part of the meal, but very useful, improving the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. In addition to the high protein content, chicken giblets contain vitamin K, which regulates metabolic processes in the bones and ligaments of the animal, as well as B12 and iron, which are involved in the formation of red blood cells. In addition, high levels of vitamin A will help maintain normal vision even in old age, and vitamin C in the cold season will help support weakening immunity.
In addition to those listed, the chicken liver also includes a whole list of vitamins and minerals that help the thyroid gland work. However, for all the usefulness of the product, you should not overdo it either, an excess of many substances will play a negative role.
It is better to feed it boiled, like all other parts of the chicken, in order to avoid contamination with something unpleasant. If you are sure of the safety of the treats, then the raw doggie will be happy to eat.
Sheep liver is the second most popular among dog breeders after beef liver. This is due to a number of its advantages:
- An excellent composition that combines nutritious protein, the right substances and minerals in the right amount of the dog.
- Suitable calorie and nutritional value.
- Lack of hormonal supplements when raising animals.
The downside may be inaccessibility in some areas of our country and the relative high cost. However, if the puppy regularly reacts poorly to beef offal, then replacing them with ram parts would be a great idea.
The most controversial item on the list. Pork is not allowed for dogs, this meat is too fatty and heavy for them, the stomach is simply not able to cope with it. The same applies to most offal, however, an exception can be made for the liver.
By its properties, it is close to chicken. It is an easily digestible low-fat protein with vitamins of group B, A, C, E, H and PP and iodine, calcium, iron, phosphorus and potassium. Solid benefit, if not for one “but”: very often pigs, like chickens, are fed with hormones to accelerate growth and weight gain, and most of this load goes to the liver, which affects its usefulness.
That is why it is best to feed this part of the pig to four-legged friends boiled, and not raw. Even if you are completely sure of the origin and safety of the purchased pork, it is better not to add it to the menu more than once a week and not use it as a treat to encourage.
Can dogs have a liver?
Dogs are predators, so their diet should be tailored to the structure of the body. In particular, most of the food should be meat, but even good beef does not have all the trace elements necessary for a full life.
So that the dog does not feel the need for anything and does not switch to artificially created additives, you can enter the liver into the menu. This by-product is one of the most useful, as it contains a number of vitamins, amino acids and trace elements, in particular iron, which affects the production of red blood cells.
Before introducing a new ingredient into the puppy’s ration, you should decide whose liver is most useful and in what form it is better to give it: fresh or boiled.
Rare enough in many regions, but very useful delicacy. Refers to dietary products due to the rather low calorie content and lack of carbohydrates in the composition. Ideal for adding variety to the diet of small breeds and calm, inactive dogs. Veterinarians also often advise the rabbit for feeding during the recovery period after illness or surgery.
It contains a large number of compounds and minerals, including high levels of iron. This leads to an improvement in well-being and an increase in immunity, and also has a positive effect on the condition of the dog’s claws, hair and teeth.
When choosing this delicacy, you should pay special attention to the manufacturer and give preference to medium-sized farms that raise animals on high-quality natural feed, without the use of hormonal additives.
What types can you
Almost every dog will gladly eat a few bites of liver, but how do you choose the perfect one for your pet? After all, not every offal is suitable and will be absolutely safe and beneficial for the dog’s sensitive stomach. Each option has its own pros and cons.
Is there any benefit?
Like any other product, pork also has positive properties, and there are not so few of them. Lean pork contains a large amount of protein (20 g per 100 g of meat). It is also rich in B vitamins, minerals. phosphorus, magnesium, copper and zinc and others. Pork offal is also of particular value. The liver contains vitamin B 12, the heart is rich in potassium and iodine.
In addition, a large amount of fatty acids and fats acts as a means of preventing skin and coat diseases. Lean pork can be given occasionally to outdoor aviary dogs in winter.
Due to its high calorie content, this type of meat helps the dog to keep warm.
Pork Eating Myths
- Pork meat is poorly absorbed by the body of dogs. The assimilation of this type of meat is actually better than chicken, duck, rabbit and beef. Better than pork in a dog’s digestive tract, only mutton is assimilated.
- The pork is fat. The body of any living creature needs proteins, fats, carbohydrates. But since fat is unevenly distributed in the body of any animal, theoretically in any meat there are more fatty areas. As for pork, it is recommended to give animals meat containing no more than 60% fat, this also applies to other types. To avoid digestive upset in dogs with sensitive intestines, choose leaner cuts when purchasing pork meat.
A scapula or tenderloin is suitable for a dog’s diet. It is not recommended to use pork in the menu of puppies, as protein and fat are contained in it in the wrong ratio (in 100 grams of meat, on average, 17 grams of protein and 20 grams of fat). Pork liver is suitable for babies, in which there are 3.8 grams of protein per 100 grams of product.
- Feeding your dog pork will inevitably lead to obesity. An important argument, but, according to scientists, it has no basis, since the main principle of dog nutrition is balance. Some pet food manufacturers such as Royal canin, Grandin include small amounts of pork in their products for flavor variety, and holistic food manufacturer Akana has a line of lean pork and pumpkin. And if we look at the composition of these feeds, they are all balanced in terms of the ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, despite the fact that they contain pork meat.
Diversify your four-legged friend’s diet by feeding several different types of protein throughout the week. If you plan to include pork in the dog’s diet, then do it no more than once a week.
- Pork increases the risk of bloat. The main cause of this particularly dangerous disease in dogs is overeating or exertion immediately after eating. And here the recommendation of working and active dogs to feed fractionally is more appropriate, and pork has nothing to do with it.
- Raw pork is healthier. Many well-meaning owners feed their pets with raw meat, believing that it is healthier. Do not give raw food to a dog, as unprocessed meat can contain many infections and parasites, which are equally dangerous for a dog and a pig.
- Pork increases blood cholesterol levels. An increase in dog blood cholesterol is theoretically present, although research in this direction has only been carried out in humans. In theory, not only pork can raise cholesterol levels, but other fat-rich foods as well.
Why dogs shouldn’t be given pork?
When we start a pet, we often automatically transfer it to the status of a family member, therefore, for convenience, its diet becomes similar to that of a person.
According to the statistics of the “Expert and Analytical Center for Agribusiness”, the world production of different types of meat is in the following ratio (in decreasing order):
- lamb and goat meat;
- other meat.
There are many myths and a bunch of prohibitions around the first two. And if with chicken meat the fears and prohibitions of veterinarians are clear. this is both the danger of sharp tubular chicken bones for the intestines of the dog and the high probability of allergic reactions, then with pork not everything and not everyone understands.
What is dangerous?
But all the positive aspects of pork meat end there. And the main reason for this is parasitic and infectious diseases that dogs can get sick with when eating meat that has not been tested and not properly processed. Here is some of them.
- Nematodes. The parasite lives in the small intestine of a dog. The life of the parasite is 4-6 months. The female lays about 200,000 eggs per day, seeding the environment. After the pet eats meat, the egg of the parasite enters the intestines. A larva emerges from it, which, penetrating through the walls of the intestine, goes through the small circle of blood circulation to the lungs, causing inflammation and coughing there. Together with sputum, it goes into the oral cavity and enters the stomach and intestines.
Parasites constantly injure the gastrointestinal tract and alveoli of the lungs, causing anemia and a decrease in immunity, pathogenic microbes can complicate this process. High concentration of parasites can cause intestinal blockage.
- Trematodes (Pork tapeworm). The tapeworm lives in the small intestine. Its body length can reach 1.5-2 meters. With its head, it attaches to the intestinal wall. Segments containing helminth eggs grow from it. Segments can be up to 1000 pieces. The parasite, releasing waste products, can have a toxic-allergic effect on the animal’s body. In addition, it can cause digestive upsets such as nausea, vomiting and sometimes diarrhea and abdominal pain.
The parasite absorbs nutrients from the intestinal lumen. The animal is constantly showing anxiety, losing weight. The disease can lead to hypochromic anemia.
- Trichinosis. The dog can be both the intermediate and the final host of the parasite. Once in the small intestine, the female and the male of the parasite mate, after which the males die, and the females secrete up to 10,000 larvae, which are carried throughout the body with blood flow, mainly localizing in the muscles. The first clinical signs of infection can appear after 3 days. The dog has a fever, diarrhea. The animal is losing weight dramatically. When localized in muscles, the parasite causes an inflammatory process in them, accompanied by pain, which causes impaired coordination of movement and trembling.
The cardiovascular system is also affected and the body as a whole suffers.
- Aujeszky’s disease or pseudo-rage. An animal is infected by contact with a sick animal or by eating affected raw meat. The disease proceeds with lightning speed. in 1-2 days, and in almost 100% of cases it is fatal. Symptoms: Itching in the scalp and profuse drooling, which, however, is similar to signs of rabies.
As you can see from the above, negative points prevail over positive ones. And since all of these diseases can be transmitted to humans, veterinarians prohibit the use of pork in the diet of dogs.
How to give meat correctly?
In order for the pork in the dog’s diet not to cause negative consequences, the animal needs to be fed correctly. Composing a diet for a pet is a very responsible task, especially if you still decide to include this type of meat in your diet.
- Never give wild meat to animals.
- Purchase a product that has passed the veterinary and sanitary examination.
- Give your dog only boiled meat. At a temperature of 90-100 degrees, all pathogenic microbes and microorganisms in it die within a few minutes. It is forbidden to use fried meat. The danger in this lies not in the meat itself, but in the vegetable oil on which the frying process is carried out. Deep freezing of pork does not kill all bacteria and helminths in it.
- Choose lean pieces for your pet and do not forget that offal (pork liver, heart, spleen, lungs, etc.) will bring great benefits to the four-legged.
- Do not use pork in your diet on a regular basis to avoid damaging your pet’s health. It will be enough to include it in the diet once a week.
- If this is your first time giving a dog pork or offal, be careful about the condition of the animal. At the slightest sign of intolerance, replace it with another type of protein.
If these requirements seem complicated to you, and your pet likes pork meat, you can use feed based on this type of meat.
Many European and Canadian manufacturers use meat suitable for human nutrition in the manufacture of feed. The special processing technology of the feed during the extrusion process kills the possible disease-causing source, making the feed safe for your pet.
Whether to introduce pork into the dog’s diet is a decision of the owner. It is important to comply with all of the above requirements, then your pet will not have health problems.
For information on why a dog should not be given pork, see the next video.
Liver Treats are dense and crunchy bites that are great for training and rewarding your four-legged friend.
Purchased options are very convenient, but you need to take a responsible approach to their choice. A quality delicacy consists of 100% natural beef liver. The product should be free of additional ingredients and impurities. The offal must be well dried, otherwise pathogenic bacteria may appear in this treat, and this is dangerous to the health of the pet.
You can make a similar delicacy with your own hands. To do this, you will need:
- 200-300 gr. liver;
- parchment paper;
- 1 tsp vegetable oil (optional).
Before starting the preparation of the treats, it is recommended to soak the liver in cold water (2-3 hours).
Cut the liver into small cubes. The size of the slice should allow you to eat it at a time. After that, place the blank on parchment paper, if desired, you can lightly grease it with vegetable oil. Put in an oven preheated to 180 degrees. Reduce heat. Dry at a minimum temperature for about 30-40 minutes.
The cooking time should be adjusted according to the size of the pieces. The delicacy should be moderately tough and decrease in size by about 1.5-2 times. Store such a treat in the refrigerator. Consume within 3-4 days.
Dried liver is not recommended for older dogs and pets who have serious dental problems (periodontitis, pulpitis, caries). The tough texture does not chew well and can harm the animal’s mouth. But healthy puppies, pregnant and lactating individuals are quite capable of this delicacy.
How to choose?
So, when choosing a treat for your four-legged friend, pay attention to several important points. First, the color of the fresh liver is red-brown, even, without spots. The blood underneath should be crimson. If the blood is dark, then the liver is stale.
The second important point is smell. If you feel a light aroma of ammonia, then this is a sign of staleness, the smell should be sweetish.
The third point is appearance. Fresh liver should be firm, smooth, slightly moist, without scratches or dents.
It is worth saying that in addition to a fresh piece, you can also buy frozen liver in the supermarket. As a rule, it is slightly lower in cost, but there are less nutrients in it, so it is better to choose a fresh liver.
In order for your four-legged friend to eat the boiled liver with pleasure, it must be properly cooked. First, the piece must be cleaned of veins, then rinsed and placed in cold water for about 30-40 minutes. After that, put on a moderate heat and cook for about 25-30 minutes.
You can add vegetables to this dish (carrots, cabbage, zucchini, cauliflower). So the liver will be saturated with a pleasant vegetable aroma and will become even tastier.
The liver can not only be boiled, but also extinguished. But it is not recommended to give it to the dog in a fried form. Because it gets tougher, drier and less healthy during the frying process (cholesterol levels rise).
In addition to primitive dishes, you can create real culinary masterpieces, such as pate or liver pancakes. For the pate you will need:
- 200 grams of liver;
- 1 tbsp. a spoonful of cream;
- 1 teaspoon vegetable oil.
Peel the liver and cut it into small pieces. Simmer it with vegetable oil over low heat for 10-15 minutes, then add a spoonful of cream, then grind the mass in a blender.
- 100 g liver;
- 50 gr. butter;
- 1 teaspoon of vegetable oil;
- 1 chicken egg.
Rinse and grind the liver in a blender, then add butter and egg. Add vegetable oil to a hot skillet and pour the pancakes. Let the crust “grab” and then cover with a lid. Simmer for about 10-15 minutes.
Who shouldn’t be fed?
If your pet suffers from high cholesterol levels, you should consult a veterinarian before introducing this delicacy into the diet, since the beef liver contains its own cholesterol, which can be deposited in the vascular network, causing the formation of new blood clots.
Pets with cardiovascular diseases should also be carefully considered. For such dogs, portions of more than 100 grams are contraindicated.
Unfortunately, the liver can contain harmful hormones and various additives that were fed to the cow. These impurities can cause diarrhea or an allergic reaction in your dog.
For puppies and seniors
It can be given to both adults and puppies, pregnant or lactating dogs.
However, it is worth remembering that, like any product, the liver has a number of contraindications. With caution, it should be given to older dogs, as extractives can have a negative effect. For them, a dose of no more than 50-80 grams is acceptable. (depending on the size of the individual) no more than 2 times a week.
It has long been known that beef liver is a healthy and easily digestible product. Even a small piece contains a large amount of vitamin A, C, K, PP, E, D, a lot of iron, fluorine, potassium, magnesium and copper. Also, this by-product is famous for its high m amino acids (lysine, methionine, tryptophan, thiamine) and other useful microelements.
Reference. Regular consumption of the liver contributes to the formation of new cells in the animal’s body, strengthens the immune system, cleanses the internal organs of toxins.
How to give?
Veterinarians believe that the liver is only good in small amounts and should not be used as the main or only source of protein. The optimal solution is if this product is used as a delicacy, for a variety of diet.
Small portions of liver, preferably cooked.
For dogs of large breeds (Alabai, Bernese Mountain Dog, Weimaraner), a dose of up to 100 grams is acceptable. 2-3 times a week.
Small breeds such as Yorkshire Terrier, Chihuahua, Dachshund or Pomeranian should be given about 50g. 1-2 times a week.
If the dog is accustomed to dry food, then at first he may not willingly accept the liver. But this is a temporary phenomenon. Most breeders note that the tailed beef liver with great pleasure and should not be excluded from the diet if the pet once refused.