What cereals can be cooked for a dog
A dog’s diet should be varied, because useful trace elements, vitamins necessary for the normal development and health of pets are contained in different products.
Therefore, the diet should include cereals, which are source of fiber and carbohydrates. You can cook cereal porridge yourself or buy ready-made canned food. Cereals should make up 25-40% of the diet, depending on the breed.
Porridge that can be given to a dog
Buckwheat is rich in microelements. magnesium, iron, calcium, potassium, contains proteins, vitamins of the “B” and “E” groups. Buckwheat porridge helps to strengthen bones, has a positive effect on the nervous, circulatory systems, allows you to lose weight.
Rice contains vitamin “B”, as well as trace elements. zinc, iron, potassium, magnesium, calcium. Rice porridge helps to strengthen blood vessels, bones, normal heart function, has a beneficial effect on the nervous and genitourinary system. However, rice can cause constipation in some dogs.
Rice and buckwheat are alternated or mixed (50 to 50) and given in one feeding. Many breeders feed their pets with rice and buckwheat porridge all their lives, adding meat and vegetables to the diet.
Oatmeal (or rolled oats) can be given to your favorites, but not to everyone and not often, because Oatmeal can cause an allergic reaction (due to plant proteins) and lead to an upset stomach. Oatmeal contains fats and amino acids, as well as a large amount of proteins that have a beneficial effect on the dog’s body, it is preferable to oatmeal.
Many dogs perfectly digest hercules, moreover, some breeders feed their pets mainly with hercules and claim that pets do not get sick, they live up to the maximum age. Therefore, here you should check the body’s reaction to oatmeal, if allergies or other health problems begin, then oatmeal should be excluded from the dog’s diet or given in a mixture with other cereals.
Semolina is the least useful porridge, it contains a small amount of useful microelements (potassium, iron), a small proportion of fiber (only 0.2%), but a large amount of B vitamins. Semolina is indispensable for feeding animals with stomach diseases, as well as puppies. Semolina is easy to digest, contributes to the normal functioning of the heart and has a positive effect on the nervous system. But it is not recommended to give semolina in large quantities, because it can provoke allergies.
Puppies can be given oatmeal, buckwheat, wheat, rice, barley or millet porridge. Mixing of different types of cereals (1: 1) is permissible. Basically, puppies are fed with buckwheat and oatmeal, you should not get carried away with other cereals.
What cereals should not be given to a dog
It is not recommended to give millet, because from it there is often a volvulus of the stomach, millet is poorly digested.
It is categorically impossible to give porridge from corn grits, which is poorly absorbed (not digested) by the dog’s body. Pearl barley, corn grits contain a large amount of protein and fiber, so they can cause allergies. Barley is not digested and often causes diarrhea.
These cereals contain a large amount of vegetable protein, which is the cause of an allergic reaction in dogs.
When asking the question “What cereals can you give to dogs?”, Do not strive for variety. Indeed, for dogs it is better if the food is monotonous, the gastrointestinal tract adapts better to the same food, and experiments with food for dogs are not appropriate. They are still not people and do not need a variety of food, they can eat the same food all their lives. Experiments with food, in most cases, lead to diarrhea, so it is enough to feed one or two types of cereals.
Do not forget that porridge should not be the basis, it is added in small quantities (a few spoons, depending on the size of the animal) to meat, vegetables.
Cereals allow you to get enough, but they do not bring tangible benefits. The dog, of course, will look healthy, well-fed, there will be no problems with digestion, but cereals are needed to satisfy the feeling of hunger, roughly speaking, “fill the stomach.” Cereals are cheap, not everyone can afford to feed a pet with meat alone, the cost of which is high enough, so to make the dog satiate, boiled cereals are added to the meat.
General rules for cooking porridge
Many people think that it is very easy to cook dog groats. In fact, here, too, there are subtleties and nuances that should be observed.
- Cook porridge in a thick-walled container and with a low boil.
- For adults, food is prepared only in water. Exceptions are pregnant and lactating bitches, as well as premature puppies.
- The proportions of water and cereals are 2: 1. Cooking time from 15 to 30 minutes, depending on the type of porridge.
When cooking porridge for an animal, it is important to remember that cereal is only an addition to the diet, so its volume cannot be more than 30%.
The rest of the mass should be occupied by vegetables and finely chopped meat.
They are placed in a container with cereals 10-15 minutes before the end of cooking, but you can also put them in ready-made porridge.
During pregnancy and lactation
Bearing offspring is a heavy load on the animal’s body. Therefore, it is important to increase the calorie content and nutritional value of the menu and make it as healthy and natural as possible.
It is important that dogs have free access to clean water, and their menu includes fresh vegetables, herbs and sometimes fruits.
Of cereals, preference is given to buckwheat, oatmeal and rice cooked in milk. A couple of times a week, the menu also includes dairy products. From meat, preference is given to beef, rabbit meat, as well as offal, especially liver. They are served both fresh and cooked. As soon as the lactation of the dog stops, it is gradually transferred to the diet that it had before pregnancy.
All types of permitted cereals are used here, if necessary, it is fashionable to exclude one of the types. Boil in water until tender, and 2 minutes before removing from the stove, put raw minced meat or bone residue. Its volume should be approximately 60% of the volume of cooked cereals. The mixture is filled with milk powder diluted in ordinary water. Everything is thoroughly mixed and placed in a sealed container in an oven at minimum heat for 100 minutes.
This porridge is ideal for animals weakened after illness, nursing bitches, as well as for dogs in winter.
If desired, you can add a little grated carrots or raw zucchini to a completely prepared mash.
For cooking, choose sea fish and boil it in water until fully cooked. Then they are removed from the broth and freed from the bones. Put cereal in the broth and cook for 20 minutes, then put boiled fish fillet and pulp of fresh pumpkin into a container.
Boil everything together for 3 minutes and leave to cool.
For cooking, you need 300 g of raw fish, 6 glasses of broth, 3 glasses of cereals and 20 g of pumpkin.
Rice and buckwheat are initially introduced into the diet of small, newly born dogs. Only if the babies are premature, they are fed with semolina porridge. But she is removed from the menu as soon as the puppy begins to gain weight according to its age.
Cereals are boiled in milk. so they become more high-calorie and supply the dog’s body with the necessary calories.
When the puppy is 4-6 months old, the cereals are boiled in water. Sometimes, according to the veterinarian’s recommendations, they are boiled with pieces of meat or offal. Boiled fish can also be given once a week. As soon as the puppy reaches the age of 1 year, it is completely transferred to the diet of adult dogs. Vegetables are given in boiled form, as well as 1-3 times in raw.
For older animals
Dogs over the age of 8 need a more gentle diet, but at the same time it should be as balanced as possible. The body of older animals already poorly assimilates fats and excess carbohydrates. Therefore, the basis of their menu should be lean meat, boiled vegetables, dairy products. Cereals can be given no more than 1 time per week, while in dogs over 12 years old, they should be completely excluded from the menu. Permitted types of cereals are buckwheat and oatmeal.
Only strict adherence to the recommended dosage of food for dogs of different ages will ensure the supply of all the necessary substances and vitamins to the dog’s body.
Such animals will be strong, healthy and active, which means they will delight their owners for many years.
For adult dogs
When a dog reaches 12 months of age, its diet is enriched with fermented milk products, and the proportion of vegetables and meat in it is also increased. If the animal grows and develops quite normally, then the menu is left like that for many years.
The only thing that experts advise is to change cereals 2-3 times a week and cook them with different additives. This will make the menu not only varied, but also truly complete.
Today, professional breeders and veterinarians say that various cereals can and even need to be included in the diet of dogs of all breeds in some situations.
But at the same time, it is worth abandoning instant products, since animals will not receive any significant benefit from their use.
The main thing is to follow some key rules.
- Before introducing cereals into the diet, you should consult with your veterinarian. The specialist will assess the health of the dog, establish the required daily dosage of porridge, its type and size of grind. The fact is that for feeding small, medium and large breeds, these indicators can vary significantly.
- If the pet has any chronic diseases or allergies to certain foods (and this is also common), then the doctor must inform about them in advance.
- It is strictly forbidden to independently exceed the daily or weekly dosage of porridge, as well as to change its type. This can lead to health problems in the dog.
Unfortunately, some breeders believe that they can give their pets any kind of cereal every day, or feed the dog with just one kind of cereal. This is not true.
In these cases, pets will not receive all the necessary substances and trace elements, which will negatively affect his health and well-being.
Why You Shouldn’t Feed Your Dog Rice (Feed This Instead!)
Today veterinarians allow the inclusion of these types of cereals in the diet of dogs of various breeds and sizes.
- Wheat is the most popular. Such cereal is inexpensive, dogs eat it with great appetite and pleasure. It not only helps to fill the deficiency of iodine, magnesium and zinc in the body, but also saturates it with vitamins B, C, D, A. At the same time, porridge contains a high percentage of starch. Wheat grits are suitable for extremely active dogs, large and medium breeds. In other animals, it can be a major cause of apathy, increased sleepiness and weight gain. Barley grits can have the same effect on the dog’s body. over, it additionally contains such useful substances as fluorine, chromium and silicon.
- Buckwheat is not only the most useful cereal for humans, but also for their pets. Even after cooking, a sufficient amount of minerals and vitamins remains in the cereal. The inclusion of such porridge in the diet allows you to normalize the intestines of animals, improve heart function, strengthen muscles and saturate the body with calcium and fluoride. A big plus is that such croup is suitable for feeding both large and small breeds of dogs.
- Oatmeal in cereal or whole grains is an excellent source of magnesium, calcium, and many vitamins. Quickly induces a feeling of fullness, improves intestinal motility. Groats should be boiled thoroughly and included in the diet of dogs no more than 3 times a week. You should know and remember that oatmeal is categorically contraindicated for animals suffering from urolithiasis. it can provoke an attack or worsen the general well-being of the pet.
- Fig. Veterinarians recommend using only its unpolished form for cooking porridge. In this case, it will more actively cleanse the body of toxins and toxins, and at the same time saturate it with magnesium, calcium, vitamins of groups B and E.
But it is important to remember that in some situations, any type of cereal may be prohibited from inclusion in the diet. Therefore, it is better not to risk the dog’s health and first consult a doctor.
Semolina contains a lot of carbohydrates, but vitamins and minerals are practically absent in it. In some cases, doctors advise including semolina in the diet of animals with dystrophy or newborn puppies. When you gain the required weight, feeding with semolina should be stopped and switched to more useful cereals.
Semolina is often prescribed for dogs suffering from stomach ailments.
Millet porridge is poorly absorbed by the body, and in some pets it causes severe allergies. The stomach does not digest millet, and therefore the body does not receive enough nutrients. Millet-supplemented feed is not complete and does not benefit.
Why are porridge from the third group harmful?
Porridge cooked from a yak contains vitamins and nutrients such as silicon and fluoride. But barley porridge cannot be fed daily, because the trace elements that make up this cereal are not absorbed by the body. If you give barley porridge every day, the animal will not receive adequate nutrition.
But occasionally it is possible to give a yoke, as it stimulates the work of the gastrointestinal tract, replenishes the energy supply and gives the animal satiety.
It is better not to cook barley several times at once. After a while, the cooked porridge sticks together and is not absorbed by the body.
Wheat groats in their composition are rich in vitamins A, B, C, D. Contains magnesium, zinc, iodine. Wheat porridge is not completely digested, but it does not clog the digestive tract either. Thanks to this, it is a “brush” for the intestines and perfectly cleanses it.
But, at the same time, there is a lot of flour and starch in cereals. For this reason, such porridge should not be fed to a dog prone to obesity. It is also contraindicated for sedentary pets.
Barley is a grain made from barley by grinding and polishing. This way of processing makes it difficult to digest. For this reason, the inclusion of barley porridge in the diet leads to constipation.
Despite the fact that pearl barley surpasses many cereals in terms of the content of vitamins and microelements, the body does not assimilate them. The pet does not receive either energy or vitamin nutrition.
Amino acids in pearl barley porridge can cause severe allergies.
Porridge of the second group. Why are they not suitable for all dogs
Corn grits should be completely excluded from the diet. It has no energy value. With a visible feeling of fullness, the body does not receive any nutrients.
Due to the fact that corn is hardly digested, it can harm the gastrointestinal tract. In the presence of gastrointestinal diseases, it causes their exacerbation.
In active dogs, eating corn porridge can cause volvulus.
A fresh ear of young corn, offered to a pet occasionally as pampering, will not harm the animal’s health.
Can I feed my dog with porridge? Basic dog cereals
A varied diet for a dog is always in vogue. After all, a pet needs to receive vitamins, minerals and other useful substances every day in order to develop normally, and also often not to get sick.
Many owners include cereals in their dog’s diet, which are rich in carbohydrates and fiber. You can buy ready-made canned food or cook porridge yourself. Usually, cereals make up no more than 40% of the diet, depending on the breed of the animal.
How to Feed a Sick Dog
Is it possible to feed the dog with porridge?
Some of the best cereals that you can give your pet every day are rice and buckwheat. They are very healthy as well as easily digestible. Also, not too often you can give wheat cereals, oat and barley. Not at all like: legumes, millet, corn, semolina and barley.
Buckwheat is rich in magnesium, calcium, iron, potassium, trace elements, vitamins E and B, contains proteins. It is recommended to give buckwheat porridge, as it has a positive effect on the circulatory and nervous systems, strengthens bones, and also helps in the fight against excess weight.
Rice. contains trace elements and vitamin “B”, iron, potassium, zinc, calcium and magnesium. Rice porridge should be given to dogs to strengthen bones, blood vessels, normal heart function, and has a positive effect on the genitourinary and nervous system. However, you need to know that rice can cause constipation in dogs. Therefore, alternate buckwheat and rice 50 to 50 or mix them.
Barley groats. contains fluoride, silicon and various vitamins. It is not recommended to feed your pet with this cereal every day, since the trace elements that are part of the barley porridge cannot be quickly absorbed. You can give it several times a month, because the yachka stimulates the digestive tract, gives satiety, and also replenishes the energy supply.
Wheat porridge. rich in vitamins A, B, C, D. Contains zinc, iodine, magnesium. Porridge does not clog the digestive tract, but it also cannot be completely digested. Most often used to cleanse the intestines.
Oatmeal. rich in vitamins A, B, PP, E, contains fats, protein and carbohydrates. The composition contains trace elements such as calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium. Before giving your dog oatmeal, you need to test it for allergies. The main symptoms are redness of the ears or peeling of the skin. Severe itching is also possible, in which the dog often itches.
What cereals should not be given to dogs?
Millet. porridge is poorly absorbed by the body, and can also cause allergies. This porridge is not capable of giving the body useful substances, since it is not digested in the body.
Corn grits have no energy value at all. The dog’s body will not receive the necessary useful elements, and health problems will begin over time. Corn is hardly digested by the body, so it often harms the gastrointestinal tract or causes volvulus.
Barley is difficult to digest and also damages the dog’s body. Often leads to constipation, the pet does not receive the necessary vitamins or nutrients.
Semolina. contains a large amount of carbohydrates, but almost no minerals and vitamins. In some cases, semolina is included in the diet so that the puppies can gain weight, and then it is stopped. As a rule, semolina is given to dogs that suffer from stomach ailments.
Porridge made from leguminous crops. beans, beans, peas are not suitable for a dog. They are difficult to digest and also lead to bloating, constipation and flatulence.
- If you are interested in how to feed a dog, then it is worth reading. How to feed a dog at home?
Is it possible to feed the dog with porridge?
Feeding your dog porridge is not a good idea. It is unlikely that your dog will find anything useful in him; you might be surprised at this statement. And you will be absolutely right. After all, cereals are really extremely healthy and nutritious. For people.
We tend to humanize our pets, attributing to them not only human character traits and motives of behavior, but also our eating habits, as well as the concept of wholesome and healthy food. Forgetting the most important thing: dogs are predators.
This is how he came to the farm at night, but did not slaughter the sheep, but furiously pounced on the ears of wheat and ate, ate, ate.
Absurd, right? So why are you so eager to feed your dog porridge?
On the vast expanses of the Russian Internet, I even happened to read about the recommendations to feed the dog with a loaf and pasta. There were also experts who managed to determine the daily norms of these products in the dog’s diet.
The motives behind these delusional recommendations are clear to me: not every owner is able to feed his dog with meat or, at worst, high-quality dry food. it’s expensive. And porridge, pasta and baked goods are excellent ballast for stuffing a dog’s belly.
To calm your own conscience, you just need to remember that cereals and products from them contain terribly useful vitamins and fatty acids, and. voila! nutritious dog food is ready!
But for some reason we often forget that most vitamins are unstable under environmental conditions. In particular, many of them are simply destroyed by heat treatment. In fact, during the cooking process, the porridge does not turn into a storehouse of nutrients, but source of carbohydrates, which, by the way, dogs digest rather poorly.
So the dog is a predator. Therefore, you should not feed the dog with porridge. This is sickening to dog physiology: the canines are not adapted for chewing porridge, and the short digestive tract does not have time to digest it.
If you feed your dog with porridge for a long time, it begins to gain excess weight. Obesity leads to diseases of the heart and joints, diabetes.
The argument that cereals are good for dogs because they are added to dry dog food (and in considerable quantities) does not hold up to scrutiny at all. For pet food companies, maximizing profits is at the forefront, not caring for your pet. Groats are just a cheap filler, due to which you can significantly reduce the cost of dry feed.
It is believed that dogs, although predators, are domesticated, and therefore have gone far from their wild ancestors in the ability to digest crops. They say, in the course of evolution, their digestive tract began to function differently, and now it is not a problem for a dog to assimilate starch and carbohydrates (and this is the main component of any porridge).
An expert in dog physiology can better explain the shortcomings of this theory. Therefore, I offer you a translation of a devastating article from the site dogsnaturallymagazine.com. the most authoritative source in matters of canine health.
Doug Knueven The author is Doug Knueven, a practicing veterinarian since 1987, is a frequent participant and speaker of state and national veterinary conferences, a columnist for several magazines and the author of books on raising and feeding dogs (Stand by Me : A Holistic Handbook for Animals, Their People and the Lives They Share Together, and The Holistic Health Guide: Natural Care for the Whole Dog).
It’s about studying the genetics of dogs and whether dogs have really evolved enough to absorb starch.
Do not be intimidated by the apparent complexity of the material, in fact, the article is written in simple language and is easy to read. For all the incomprehensibility and inaccuracies, if any are found, please kick me.
To their satisfaction, the researchers found that dogs evolved far from wolves in all these three stages.
The researchers found that dogs had between 4 and 30 copies of the gene for amylase synthesis. Only two were found in wolves. This fact indicates that dogs have a higher chance of taking the first step in starch absorption.
I agree that having between 4 and 30 copies of the amylase gene is significant, and such a wide range means that some dogs may be much less able to absorb starch than others. The scientists then compared the expression of this gene in dogs and wolves. It was found that this figure is 28 times higher in dogs. It was also found that the activity of amylase in the blood of dogs is 4 times higher than that of wolves.
According to one of the experts with whom I spoke, the expression of a gene does not mean increased production of the enzyme. I would also add that the expression of such a gene, as well as the activity of the enzyme, depends on the food that is fed to the dog. A diet high in starch (most standard dog foods) will “turn on” the genes needed, as opposed to a diet with a low protein. carbohydrates, such as that of wolves.
Thus, the first part of the aforementioned work indicates that dogs have more genes to produce the amylase needed to break down starch, however the second part does not prove anything.
The researchers did not find more genes encoding maltase-glucoamylase in dogs than in wolves. However, they were able to determine that there are significant differences in the genes responsible for this enzyme in dogs and wolves.
They compared gene mutations in dogs and found that when the same mutations occurred in other mammals, it often indicated a tendency toward an omnivorous animal. Based on this, the researchers hypothesized that the gene mutations mean that maltase-glucoamylase is more efficient at digesting starch in dogs.
To test their hypothesis, the scientists measured the amount of maltase-glucoamylase in the pancreas and in the blood of dogs and wolves. Higher levels were found in dogs, and the researchers acknowledge that the difference in enzyme levels may be related to diet, as, again, the more carbohydrates in the diet, the higher the enzyme level. Wolves eat far less carbohydrates than most dogs. Therefore, as far as I can tell, scientists do not prove anything about the second stage of starch breakdown at all.
Here, the researchers focused on the gene that encodes SGLT1 (a protein that transports glucose from the intestines to the blood). They found that the gene had also mutated in dogs, and the researchers suggested that the changes would make the dog’s protein better perform its glucose transport function.
In fact, they showed that the SGLT1 protein is different in dogs and wolves, but they did not prove that this difference means anything. Of course, if you think dogs have evolved to digest starch better than wolves, then this genetic difference proves your point.
This study, published in Nature, attempted to prove that canine DNA is different from that of wolves, and that part of that difference indicates that dogs can digest and use starch better than wolves.
The best food for a dog is raw meat and it’s hard to argue.
Boiled or raw
When cooked, the water-soluble proteins are transferred to the broth. The remaining proteins are denatured, the quaternary structure of the macromolecule is destroyed. The product becomes more accessible to human digestive enzymes, but not to dogs. The pet will eat boiled meat with a greater appetite than raw meat, but the digestibility of protein will significantly decrease.
You may ask the question: what about the finished feed? They use meat in them. That’s right, they use it. But they use a special method of short-term drying, in which proteins are not denatured.
The exception is boiled pork ears. They are recommended for growing puppies. The product contains cartilage and collagens, which are essential for the formation of bone and connective tissue. These are defective proteins, the digestibility of which increases during cooking.
Assumptions that meat should be disinfected with boiling water before feeding is unfounded. In order for the microbes to die, the product needs to be boiled for 2 hours. Stomach hydrochloric acid will deal with contagions better than boiling. Therefore, experienced owners prefer to feed the dog meat frozen for 3 days or more. Water in the bodies of parasites crystallizes, ice needles tear tissue, helminth larvae die.
Divide the meat into portions before freezing. Prepare the product the next day. Move it from the freezer to the refrigerator to thaw gradually.
The ancestors of dogs ate the hard muscles of weakened animals or carrion, the remains of the feast of large predators. The contents of the stomach and intestines of the carcass, rich in biologically active substances, were eaten by a bear or a wolf, so the dogs had to be content with plant foods.
Dogs need carbohydrates, not the starch found in grains, but the fiber in vegetables or fruits. Heat treatment increases the digestibility of nutrients in plant feed, so give vegetables raw, boiled or stewed in a mixture with rice porridge. Add defrosted meat to them.
Can you feed your dog raw meat?
A dog is a carnivorous animal and the debate about whether it can be fed raw meat seems pointless. However, decorative dogs live in our apartments, which have lost the ability to digest unprocessed animal food. On the Internet, you will find a lot of conflicting information about this.
I will tell you the most common misconceptions and find out if it is okay to feed dogs meat. If so, when and how.
Is it possible
The bitch helps the pups to switch from milk to solid food. She regurgitates some of the food she has eaten and puppies, whose eyes have opened, pounce on the treat. Therefore, I regard the method of teaching a three-week-old baby to eat pieces of finely chopped meat as a touching and harmless fun of the owner. Puppies getting out of the nest are interested in the contents of the mother’s feeder.
You pick up your puppy from the breeder at 8-12 weeks of age, so inquire about the composition of the diet. Allow the pet to acclimate and switch to the feeding type of your choice after 2 weeks. Start feeding your puppy raw meat with bone-scraped chunks. Observe your pet. If he starts having diarrhea, put off complementary foods until the stool recovers. If the next attempt is unsuccessful, raw meat is contraindicated for your dog.
If everything is okay with your puppy’s digestion, give him a large bone that he cannot swallow.
He will play, get used to raw meat, gnaw cartilage from the surfaces of the articular joints, which are necessary for the formation of his own ligaments and tendons.
Do not forget that meat is source, first of all, of protein, and for normal digestion you need fats and carbohydrates. If you feed your pet with meat alone, the body will seek out the missing components for its assimilation in the body’s reserves. The dog will lose weight. When reserves are depleted, their own enzymes will stop digesting proteins. They will get putrid microflora, intoxication will develop, diarrhea and the pet will die.
What kind of meat can you give your pet? Traditionally, beef is considered the best variety. The more tendons and ligaments it contains, the better. The dog can eat any meat, but some pets develop food allergies. Chicken is considered an easily digestible and useful product, but it is to it that the hypersensitive response occurs most often.
The following meat products are considered hypoallergenic:
- young lamb;
- rabbit meat;
Dogs do not digest veal well. There is a bias against pork. Consider it unacceptable for a dog. Prejudice seems to have developed in antiquity. It was believed that the meat is too fat, and the pig, dog, man has common diseases. Today, pork is obtained from half-year-old piglets. Therefore, the fat content is moderate, and the production technology and strict veterinary control exclude the possibility of invasion. Pork included in the internationally renowned Acana and Orijen ready-to-eat foods.
In addition to the listed meat feeds, the following by-products are used:
- meat cuts.
You should know that the nutritional value of offal, except for the liver, is twice as low as the calorie content of meat. The biological value of offal is about 2 times lower. Therefore, you should not replace the complete component in the diet by more than 50%.
Many breeders feed their puppies with oatmeal. This is not surprising: porridge is cheap, and babies quickly gain weight from it. However, there is an opinion that before 8 months oatmeal is undesirable for a puppy: it will cause loose stools.
Whether or not to feed the puppy with oatmeal, each owner decides for himself. If, after the first feeding, allergies did not appear, the dog’s digestion remained normal, then you can feed. do not forget about all the nutrients that oatmeal contains.
In this case, the puppy should not eat exclusively oatmeal, he also needs meat, offal, fish, milk, dairy products, and vegetables with fruits.
Oatmeal begins to be introduced into the diet from the first month of life. At this time and up to three months, the puppy needs 6 meals a day. Porridge (oatmeal) is given twice in water or broth with meat, twice. oatmeal in milk or dairy products, once. milk or cottage cheese.
Further, for up to six months, oatmeal with milk can remain in the diet on a daily basis so that the puppy gains weight. You should definitely not be afraid of obesity in an active baby. After the number of feedings with this cereal should be reduced, and by the time the dog fully matures, bring them to the prescribed level once a week.
How to give?
The animal will not be delighted with oatmeal in its pure form. Therefore, after cooking or during its process, the porridge is mixed with meat and vegetables.
You can also fill it with kefir, season with sunflower, olive or linseed oil (a little bit), add flax seed (but not often and no more than 1/3 teaspoon for large breeds). Periodically it is useful to drive a chicken egg into the porridge.
There are two different views on whether to mix porridge with both meat and vegetables at the same time. The option, when finely chopped meat, carrots and greens are added to the oatmeal, will be successful for those who like to choose tasty porridge from porridge and refuse vegetables. The oatmeal will stick around the meat, and the dog will have to eat everything. If the pet is not picky, it is better to give the meat in a separate bowl.
Oatmeal may be offered as a staple food in sufficient quantity to satisfy the dog (depending on the size of the dog). But it is undesirable to give it to an adult animal more often than once a week.
The benefits of oatmeal
No one doubts the benefits of oatmeal for people. many nutritionists call it the most valuable porridge. But for our four-legged pets, not everything is so simple.
The main cereals in the diet of dogs are usually rice and buckwheat.
Oatmeal differs from these cereals in higher calories and higher m of fat and fiber. Fiber in small doses for dogs is very useful. they are given cereals primarily in order to make up for its lack.
- amino acids;
- vegetable protein;
- group of vitamins B, vitamin E, as well as A, K and PP;
- minerals. iron and magnesium, iodine and fluorine, nickel, phosphorus, sulfur, manganese;
- potassium and calcium.
All of these elements are beneficial for animals as well, and it is because of them that many veterinarians recommend this cereal as a mineral support.
Another benefit of oatmeal is that it is a dietary cereal due to its wonderful enveloping properties. It is distributed along the walls of the stomach, preventing gastric juice from affecting them. As a result, oatmeal will be optimal nutrition for dogs suffering from gastritis or gastrointestinal disorders, weakened and sick pets, as well as puppies.
And finally, the dignity of oatmeal for dogs, which is unlikely to be appreciated by a pet, but it will definitely please the owner. this cereal is inexpensive. It’s no secret that oatmeal is often added to the diet simply to make the animal feel full.
First, oatmeal is high in calories and carbohydrates. Its approximate composition per 100 g:
- carbohydrates. 65, 4 g;
- proteins. 11 g;
- fats. 6 g.
The calorie content of 100 g of oatmeal is 359.6 calories. Therefore, if your pet often eats oatmeal, and at the same time sheds insufficient energy, he will quickly begin to get fat.
This will definitely harm the dog, so you cannot feed an inactive pet with oatmeal. If the animal walks for 2-3 hours a day, oatmeal will only benefit.
Secondly, dogs are often allergic to oatmeal (due to plant proteins), and some develop an upset stomach. With allergies, this porridge is completely excluded from the diet. But if the dog begins to weaken, you can try mixing the oatmeal with other cereals, for example, with rice.
There is also an opinion that nothing is absorbed from cereals in dogs, they are poorly digested and remain in the stomach for a long time. It’s just ballast that makes you feel full. But in reality this is not so. cereals are important at least as a valuable source of fiber and carbohydrates.
What to do if it gets bad?
Fortunately, the dog cannot get poisoned with oatmeal (unless the owner could withstand the dish for a week, as a result of which it sour). If, after being treated with this cereal, the animal’s health has worsened, this may be due to:
- food allergies. It manifests as an itchy rash that starts on the face, ears, paws and gradually spreads throughout the body, possibly a digestive upset. In this case, oatmeal is excluded from the diet. In severe allergies, the pet is given an antihistamine (Tavegil, Suprastin, Tsetrin, Claritin), but a veterinarian must prescribe it;
- upset stomach from oatmeal. Some dogs digest this cereal, and some do not. If your pet falls into the second group and has diarrhea from porridge, it is worth making sure that he has access to drinking water and change his diet. No additional treatment required.
The answer to an important question. is it okay for dogs to oatmeal??
A dog is considered a predator, but despite this, keeping your pet exclusively on a meat diet will not work. Health problems will appear soon.
To avoid this, the animals are given cereals, fruits and vegetables. Is it possible for dogs to oatmeal, how to cook it correctly, and what other cereals are allowed. we will tell in the article.
Pregnant and lactating
It is not necessary to exclude oatmeal from the diet of a pregnant and lactating dog if the animal has eaten it before. It will even be useful, since the expectant mother, like the nursing one, will need a lot of energy. At the same time, the bitch should receive a varied diet, including meat, vegetables and vitamins. Oatmeal alone won’t make healthy puppies.
What other cereals can be fed?
Most often, in addition to oatmeal, dogs are given rice and buckwheat, less often wheat porridge. Decoy is also allowed, but not very useful. But corn grits, barley and millet are prohibited. they are poorly digested, cause allergies and diarrhea.