Useful properties of iodine
Iodine perfectly disinfects any wounds in case of damage. The solution penetrates deeply into the skin and affects the processes taking place inside. It has not only a disinfecting effect, but also helps to accelerate the healing of damaged deep tissues (for example, when hematomas, abrasions or edema appear after an insect bite) and eliminate suppuration.
Of the useful properties of this drug, it should be highlighted:
- Versatility. Natural antiseptic acts both on bacteria and viruses, and on fungi;
- Warming effect. This property can significantly reduce the maturation time of boils and accelerate the process of resorption of internal bruises and hematomas;
- Elimination of edema. Reducing puffiness after insect bites;
- Bactericidal. Iodine disinfects purulent wounds.
Is it possible to treat the wound with iodine
It is recommended to use iodine only in case of minor skin lesions, which include cuts, scrapes and abrasions.
With an extensive wound and the absence of other antiseptics, the entire surface can be treated by first diluting the solution with a large amount of purified water. It is important to remember that applying the product directly to the wound can cause severe burns.
For extensive wounds, only the edges of the wound are treated with a cotton swab. Source: Flickr (kenga86).
Is it possible to treat wounds with iodine and how to do it correctly
A solution of 5% iodine is indicated for the treatment of scratches, abrasions and microtraumas. It has a disinfecting effect and protects the injured skin area from infection. But when applied to a large open wound, you can get a severe burn, and significantly increase the healing process of damaged skin.
The iodine treatment must be carried out carefully, using a cotton swab or swab. Source: Flickr (kenga86).
What is better iodine or brilliant green
Zelenka and iodine are antiseptics with similar properties. Both are used to treat shallow, non-bleeding cuts or abrasions.
But iodine causes an allergic reaction in some people, so brilliant greens can be used as an alternative. It adheres more firmly to the skin, does not evaporate and does not irritate the skin.
In cases where it is required to protect open surfaces from infection for a long time (for example, with herpes or chickenpox), it is better to resort to brilliant green.
Remember that brilliant greens are more gentle and do not dry out the skin. The main purpose of brilliant green is to prevent possible suppuration.
Iodine, in turn, serves to cauterize the contours of the wound.
It is important! To stop bleeding and primary treatment of the wound, it is better to use hydrogen peroxide, and only then treat its edges with an iodine solution to avoid infection through the tissues surrounding the wound.
How to properly handle trauma
If you have a minor injury, take a bottle of medicine and a cotton swab or tissue paper. Saturate cotton wool with iodine and gently cauterize the damaged area, treating the entire area, including 1-2 centimeters from a cut or scratch.
This will destroy all pathogenic microorganisms, even on the approaches to unprotected tissues.
- For a more serious wound, treat only the edges.
- Apply iodine exclusively with a cotton swab along the contour of the damaged skin area, barely touching its surface.
- Try to avoid getting iodine solution on the bleeding area as much as possible.
- Apply iodine not in a continuous layer, but in frequent thick strokes.
It is interesting! Iodine is used when it is necessary to stimulate blood flow to inflamed soft tissues. For example, after the occurrence of hematomas as a result of an injection, with diseases of the respiratory system and dysfunction of the thyroid gland.
To do this, an iodine mesh is applied to the surface of an intact skin or an area with clear signs of puffiness, which stimulates blood supply to the problem area for resorption of hematomas and seals, has a warming effect and replenishes the lack of iodine directly through the skin.
Contraindications and side effects
For the use of iodine as an antiseptic for the treatment of shallow wounds, a contraindication can only be an individual intolerance to the pharmacy.
It is advisable to conduct an allergy test before applying the iodine solution. Small rashes, itching and other atypical reactions of the body indicate the impossibility of using the drug. In this case, it is necessary to use alternative antiseptics. For example, brilliant green or hydrogen peroxide.
Side effects occur only in the case of prolonged use of iodine on extensive wound surfaces. Local skin irritation or swelling of the mucous membranes may occur. In case of overdose, you should consult with your doctor so that he selects another remedy for treating wounds.
Note! Iodine easily penetrates into the deep subcutaneous layers and spreads through the body with the blood stream. This can trigger a spike in blood pressure or headaches.
Children’s skin reacts sharply to iodine. Therefore, it is not recommended to treat wounds in children under the age of three with this antiseptic; it is better to use brilliant green.
How to properly handle wounds
Before giving first aid, you should wash your hands, use a sanitizer, alcohol solutions, or wipe your hands with an alcohol wipe. Keep your hands as clean as possible.
How exactly to treat a wound depends largely on its type. see above. Some recommend rinsing with water, some do not.
Dirt must be carefully removed from the wound, while it is advisable not to touch the wound itself.
- Examine the wound, assess the nature and extent of damage.
- Try to stop the bleeding.
- Rinse the wound with 3% hydrogen peroxide solution or pink potassium permanganate solution, 0.5% chlorhexidine or furacilin solution and dry with a napkin.
- Apply a bandage. Treat the skin around the wound with an antiseptic, apply a sterile bandage. Make sure to bandage after a few hours.
- Give a pain reliever. Make a quick decision to see a doctor.
Wound treatment: advice from doctors
Dacha! What could be more beautiful for adults and children, especially in summer. Nature, vitamins and many outdoor activities. But caring mothers always remember that you need to be on the lookout at the dacha too.!
At the dacha, people regularly grill barbecue, kindle fires and bake potatoes, which means there is a danger of getting cuts or burns. And men also take up carpentry tools and begin to create masterpieces with their own hands. and here, too, you can get hurt.
Who among us has not fallen off a bicycle and ripped off our knees and elbows? Outside the city, we are happy to change to two-wheeled vehicles and fly as birds, the wind with midges in the face, to the first pothole.
Wounds can be different, but doctors and hospitals are far away.
At the height of the summer season and vacation season, you need to update the contents of the home first aid kit. and remember the rules for first aid.
Often, incorrect actions in the first minutes after an injury complicate subsequent treatment. Most often people with burns are wise. But with other wounds, there are lining. What are the most common mistakes when providing first aid for various wounds?
How to speed up wound healing at home (summer cottage) conditions
When exactly you need to seek qualified help?
- For lacerations and cuts, if the wound is larger or deeper than 1.5 centimeters.
- If there are several wounds.
- When animals are bitten, including not only dogs, but also foxes, rodents and even hedgehogs, a prompt appeal to a doctor is generally a matter of life and death, because we can talk about infection with rabies or tetanus.
- If the wound is accompanied by pulsating bleeding.
- Blood does not stop within 20 minutes.
- Deep cuts on the hands: hands and wrists, wounds on the face, neck, head.
- If the person is sick, they feel dizzy.
- If the wound is dirty, from a rusty object, and you are not sure if you have been vaccinated against tetanus in the last 5 years.
- If the wound is inflamed, does not heal well, there is redness and swelling around it.
- During the day and later after the injury, the temperature rose and remains high.
- A small child is injured.
First aid for various wounds and wounds
If you cut yourself
A child in the country can get hurt. he helped dad or grandfather to do carpentry. and cut himself. Adults can also get wounds. Situations are different. But we must remember that if the wound is deep, first of all it is necessary to stop the bleeding by applying a pressure bandage, and urgently go to the doctor. Remember that a pressure bandage may not last longer than 30 minutes.
If the cut is light, the wound should be rinsed and bandaged. They peeled off the skin on the knee when falling from a bike. again start by treating the wound, because all wounds received in a domestic environment are dirty. A clean wound heals faster. Put Levomekol ointment under the bandage. an antibacterial and wound-healing agent. The dressing needs to be changed 2 times a day.
Wound treatment products
Iodine of all the “usual” antiseptics is the most effective in terms of protection against microbes. But it has disadvantages: it burns, causes allergies (if there is hives, it is better not to use it), it can leave scars, as it forms a crust. If a small wound is completely filled with iodine, then it will heal slowly.
Zelenka does not leave marks behind, but it is painfully smeared. Some people are allergic to it too. Yes! And it is also green!
Hydrogen peroxide helps to cleanse and stop the blood in the wound, there are no “side reactions” to it. But it disinfects worse than brilliant green and iodine.
Potassium permanganate. A universal remedy, but when diluted, it stains hands, furniture, plumbing, etc. etc. You can dilute the powder in advance, pour it into a tightly closing container. and store it like that.
When to see a doctor?
Who should not use iodine to treat wounds
Even if this halogen is an excellent disinfectant and is an element of the proper functioning of the body, not everyone can use it.
Treatment of the wound with iodine solution is contraindicated:
- with allergic reactions to a trace element;
- the presence of pathologies of the thyroid gland (can be used with caution, under the supervision of a doctor);
- inflammatory skin diseases;
- endocrine diseases;
- the appearance of diabetic ulcers (diabetic foot);
- children under 3 years old;
- pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Is it possible to treat an open wound with iodine
This is the first remedy for disinfecting “childhood” injuries (abrasion, bite, knees and elbows). Iodine for wounds in the form of an alcohol solution has been used for over 100 years in an unchanged state. Sanitation is performed with fresh shallow lesions and violations of the integrity of the skin, which are not accompanied by bleeding.
You can use an alcohol solution for shallow cuts, abrasions, in the treatment of lichen, bite (tick, mosquito). A small amount of the agent is applied to the surface of the wound. May stain the skin brown. The patient feels discomfort at the treatment site and a burning sensation for up to 1–2 minutes.
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To reduce irritation, an aqueous solution of iodine is used to treat wounds. Diluted in a 1: 1 ratio (distilled water, pharmacy 5% alcohol solution of iodine). Such a remedy is less aggressive, but even it is contraindicated to use it in order to cauterize open wounds.
Properties of iodine and its benefits in treating wounds
The chemical element has long been used by medical professionals. Halogen was discovered in the 18th century; it occurs in nature as black-gray small crystals with a specific odor. When heated, they evaporate, turning into purple vapors. Today they help forensics. They are used to detect fingerprints on banknotes.
In medicine, iodine is used, in the form of a 5% alcohol solution of a disinfectant, due to its following properties:
- antifungal (fungicidal);
In the pharmacy, vials of brown liquid are readily available.
Iodine is an indispensable element in the normalization of hormonal levels:
- responsible for the development of the musculoskeletal system and the growth of muscle mass;
- participates in the processes of water and electrolyte metabolism, metabolism;
- promotes metabolism;
- helps thermoregulation.
The human body cannot independently produce a trace element, healthy development involves replenishment from external sources:
- medicines with high micronutrients (multivitamins, dietary supplements);
- foods rich in iodine (seaweed),
- beach air, sea.
Rules for the treatment of open wounds with iodine solution
Iodine (Iodum) is a chemical element that kills major pathogens. Its alcohol solution is used by medicine as an antiseptic for external treatment of injuries. By applying iodine to a wound, you disinfect it, speeding up the healing process.
Antiseptic preparations with iodine
Due to its high biological activity, iodine is used in the basis of other drugs.
The first is with m unchanged Iodum:
- Lugol’s solution. has an antiseptic effect on pathogenic microflora located on the pharyngeal mucosa. Ingredients: 17 parts water 1 Iodum 2 potassium iodine.
- The alcohol solution is the usual brown pharmacy bottle. Maybe 5 or 10 percent. Composition of 5% liquid: 5 Iodum 95 parts of alcohol.
The second is based on inorganic iodides (laboratory-created drugs):
- Potassium is an oral medicine. Replenishes the deficiency of a trace element in the body.
- Sodium or iodized salt. food additive.
The third is organic substances that are capable of cleaving off Iodum:
Iodoform. an ointment with iodine for wound healing is applied externally as an antiseptic. May be sold as:
- 2% or 5% powders;
- sponges (alvanes);
- iodoform pastes;
- ointments (creams).
Iodinol is a mixture of Iodum with polyvinyl alcohol. The latter promotes slow evaporation, which slows down the effect (Iodum) on the wound tissue. The tool is used:
- purulent otitis media;
- tonsillitis with plugs;
- rotavirus infections;
- ulcers of a trophic or varicose nature;
- chemical or thermal burns.
Iodonate. used to disinfect skin surfaces before surgery. It is an aqueous solution with Iodum, the concentration of which does not exceed 1%.
The fourth is iodine-containing substances of organic origin (X-ray contrast agents). Used for diagnostics in X-ray examinations.
How to treat a wound with iodine: around or into the wound
No medical education is required to cauterize a shallow wound. The instruction is simple. in case of a scratch or abrasion, the damaged area is soaked with a swab with iodine. You can use a cotton swab, tissue, or piece of bandage. The area where the epithelium is disturbed, for the first time, is abundantly treated with a brown solution, after washing the wound with clean running water (particles of dirt, sand, asphalt are washed off). The procedure is repeated in the morning and in the evening until the lesion heals with a dense crust.
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Initially, the wound is washed with peroxide or chlorhexidine until bleeding stops completely. Then you can apply the iodine solution to the outer edges. This reduces the risk of infection and further development of inflammation.
If the wound area is under the scalp, the hair must be cut before the procedure. Assess the injury (presence of bleeding, depth and extent of injury). Carry out iodine treatment:
- small wound. treat completely;
- deep with the presence of bloody discharge. rinse with an antiseptic, disinfecting only the outer edges.
It is not recommended to take 5% alcohol composition to cauterize wounds that appeared more than five days ago.
Iodine analogs for wound treatment
Iodine is easily replaced by another drug from this group. Popular analogues:
- Furacilin solution is an antiseptic that removes harmful bacteria and fungus. The aqueous solution is used to treat the upper layers of burns, ulcers and mucous surfaces (mouth, nasopharynx, vagina).
- Ethyl alcohol. destroys the cells of pathogenic microorganisms (gram-positive / negative bacteria). The duration of disinfection of an analogue is short. until it dries completely (up to 40-60 seconds).
- Zelenka (brilliant green solution). has properties and method of application similar to Iodum, but does not cause burns. It can be used for both new and old damage. Stimulates the regeneration of damaged tissues, destroys gram-positive / negative bacteria, fights Staphylococcus aureus, diphtheria bacillus.
- Potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate). the oxidizing properties of manganese have antimicrobial and disinfectant effects. A weak solution is used to treat wounds, the concentrated preparation causes a chemical burn.
A wound in a dog
Types of wounds in a dog
Scratches and abrasions. Most often found in dogs. Dogs can get scratches and abrasions not only during walks, encountering thorny plants or wire, but also during fun games in the apartment or in the house. Most often, the paws and sides of the dog suffer from abrasions and scratches.
Splinters. Although a splinter is a concern for a dog, this type of wound is not the most dangerous. The paws of dogs most often suffer from foreign objects after walking, and often the tongue, if the pet likes to actively chew on wooden objects.
Cuts. Sharp glasses. the main enemy of dog paws while walking. Cuts can be superficial and deep, so you need to be very careful about this type of wound.
Bitten wounds. Other dog or cat bites pose a serious danger to a dog, not only because of their severity. sharp canines can tear tendons, large blood vessels. but they can also provoke a serious wound infection, because the saliva of other animals contains bacteria that are harmful to your pet.
Stab and cut wounds. Deep wounds inflicted on the dog by objects with long, sharp surfaces. Can penetrate deep into the body of an animal, cause serious blood loss, damage to internal organs.
Lacerated wounds. The danger of lacerations is that they can seriously damage the tendons and soft tissues, and the uneven edges of the wound will grow together and heal for a long time.
Bruised wounds. Dogs can get them when they collide with cars, other heavy objects, from blows with a stick. With such wounds, the skin and soft tissues of the animal’s body are squeezed, blood vessels are seriously injured, and an extensive hematoma occurs.
How to treat a dog’s wound
Everyone who decides to take responsibility and have a dog, no matter whether it is a large shepherd dog or a tiny Yorkshire terrier, should have a home first aid kit with a set of medical supplies in the house, with which you can give first aid to the animal, treat a wound and heal injuries that do not require veterinary intervention. First of all, these are bandages, antibacterial plasters, a tourniquet for stopping blood, a set of disinfectants and healing ointments.
When a dog is injured, the first thing to do is not to get confused. If the bleeding is severe, then a tourniquet should be applied as quickly as possible above the wound area. It is not advisable to keep the tourniquet for more than 2-2.5 hours (if the tourniquet cannot be applied, the blood can be stopped with a tight bandage). The wound must be quickly treated with disinfectants: chlorhexidine, miramistin or terramycin aerosol. During disinfection with a gauze or cotton pad swab, dirt and other foreign particles must be removed from the wound (tweezers can also be used). Cut the hair around the wound with scissors so that the hairs do not fall on the injured surface or carefully shave off with a safety razor. Then treat the wound with hydrogen peroxide, which will help stop the blood from small vessels. And then assess the severity of the wound.
If it is a scratch, abrasion, bruise with a small surface of soft tissue injury, a splinter or cut wound, no more than 2-3 centimeters long and no more than a centimeter deep, then such wounds can be cured at home. If the dog’s wound is large or deep, its edges are torn, you suspect that tendons or internal organs may be injured, then after treating the wound and applying a bandage, the animal needs to be urgently taken to the veterinarian.