home Cats Kitten’s Withers Where It Is

Kitten’s Withers Where It Is

Where is the withers?

A cat’s withers are the part of the back located at the junction of the base of the neck and shoulder blades. The central part of the withers is located just in front of the shoulder blades, the skin on it easily folds. To be sure to understand where the cat’s withers are, you need to use the following method: grasp the base of the front paws with your hand or fingers and move up until there is a fold of skin in your hand. Next, lower your hand a little until, until, you feel that it rested on the shoulder blades. This fold of skin is called the nape or withers.

kitten, withers

In the process of evolution, the skin on the withers of the cat has become thicker and less sensitive than on the body. However, the ancient ancestors of our pets did not have such protection and often suffered in fights from injuries inflicted by opponents. During a fight, the cat tries to grab the opponent by the withers, and if possible, then by the neck.

You may have noticed that during a fight, the cat tries to take a position lying on its back and beat the opponent with its hind legs. It is not known how many generations of wild cats died from deep wounds on the withers, but judging by the structure of modern cats, evolution took care of protecting one of the weakest points on the body of animals.

Another common cause of withers injury is mating. The cat holds the cat during mating with its teeth by the fold of skin on the shoulder blades. It does not always come to injury, but such troubles cannot be called rare either. If, after mating, your pets have punctures (from claws or teeth), they need to be treated in a timely manner and monitored so that inflammation does not start.

Any owner should clearly understand where the cat’s withers are, how to collect a skin fold for an injection or treat the site in case of infection. This is necessary in order to properly carry out the prevention of parasites and injections. In addition, the withers of cats have a unique structure.

The mother cat carries the kittens by the scruff of the neck, tightly clamping the skin fold in her teeth. Young kittens have a reflex, due to which they freeze as soon as a fold of skin at the withers is pinched. In adult cats, this reflex will atrophy over time.

During medical procedures, bathing or other procedures unpleasant for the cat, for safety reasons it is recommended to hold the animal by the withers.

A prick to the withers. what is important to know!

Subcutaneous injection is one of the most common procedures for treating almost all ailments. It is not so difficult to inject a cat into the withers, but a number of important rules must be followed. First and foremost, this is an understanding of exactly where and how to insert the needle. The injection is subcutaneous, that is, the medicine should get under the skin layer, but not into the muscle. When pricking at the withers, the needle is inserted parallel to the spine or at a slight angle.

In order to give a cat an injection, many owners prefer to use an insulin syringe and this idea cannot be called a bad idea. The needle of the syringe is very thin and hardly injures the pet’s skin. However, there is a possibility that the insulin needle will bend against the thick skin of an adult cat.

As mentioned above, the skin on the withers of the cat is thicker and rougher than on the body. When choosing a syringe, be guided by the dose of the medicine that you need to inject. Sometimes it is necessary to inject a large enough volume, for example, during dehydration. In this case, you can take a five or ten cube syringe, but use a needle from a two cube syringe.

To make an injection, you need to grab a fold of skin with your hand and pull it up. The needle is inserted into the fold with sufficient pressure. When the tip of the needle pierces the skin, the syringe will abruptly succumb to pressure, and the needle will seem to fail. It is important to hold back the momentum so as not to pierce the fold of skin through. If this happens, gently return the needle to the crease and start injecting the medicine.

A common mistake with subcutaneous injection is the wrong angle of insertion of the needle into the fold of the skin. It would seem logical to insert the needle from top to bottom, but this leads to muscle tissue injury and severe pain.

Many owners, fearing to put pressure on the needle, do not pass the skin, but inject the medicine into the intercutaneous layers. In this case, most of the medicine will spill out and the coat will become wet. Do not be afraid to insert the needle too deep, be guided by the fact that it should plunge into the fold of the skin for about 1/3 of the entire length.

Carrying out medical procedures at home, owners are faced with fierce resistance from their pet. The cat screams and twists and turns, bites and scratches. Giving an injection to an animal that resists is complicated by the fact that the needle can jump off at any time and injure the muscle tissue. If your pet has a violent temperament and loses his temper at the sight of a syringe, you should resort to trick.

One of the methods of injecting a temperamental cat is a sudden change of scenery. Alternatively, you can put your pet in a carrier and take it out into the entrance or outside. However, think about safety measures: put on the ward harness and leash. It is better to tie the leash to the carrier, as it will be uncomfortable for you to hold it.

Where is the withers in cats: important information about the structure and purpose

The withers of a cat is the very place where subcutaneous injections are injected. The withers are not an organ, but a part of the body at the junction of the neck and body. The people often call the withers the scruff (which is not entirely true) or just the scruff. Let’s figure out where the withers are and why its structure is unique.

Drops on the withers. what is important to know?

The importance of preventing parasites in pets is regularly reminded by all veterinarians. According to the rules for keeping pets, treatment for fleas and worms should be carried out at least once every three months. This period was not chosen by chance.

Worms live in the body in domestic animals constantly, but a period of three months gives them the opportunity to multiply to a critical amount. When a cat has fleas, its discomfort is obvious. the pet itches, gnaws its fur, wounds appear on its body.

The worms are hidden from our eyes, but they cause very serious harm to the health of the cat. The fact is that they feed on blood, lymph and tissue cells. The waste products of the worms are toxic to the cat’s body. Immunity is constantly in an agitated state, trying to eliminate foreign proteins from the body. If this situation is prolonged, the immune defense is depleted, the cat becomes vulnerable to most infectious and viral diseases.

For the prevention of worms, broad-spectrum tablets are often used. The effectiveness of such drugs has been proven, but when using broad-spectrum tablets, the risk of infecting a cat with rare helminths parasitizing in the blood and organs is not taken into account. Worm pills act on worms that live in the intestines, and these are the most common types of parasites.

When using tablets, the effectiveness of prevention depends directly on the active substance. If you do not go into details, you can divide all the tablets into two types, some paralyze worms, others kill them. Both types of drugs are powerless against worms that parasitize the liver, blood, heart. If preventive measures are carried out regularly, all the active substances of the anthelmintic in the form of tablets are excreted from the body within 6-8 hours.

Preventive agents in the form of drops also differ in the active substance and the mechanism of action on parasites. If we talk about anthelmintics in the form of drops, they can be divided into two large groups.

  • The first group acts in the subcutaneous layer and accumulates in the cells of the dermis. Until the funds are removed from the body, they are slowly absorbed into the bloodstream and constantly protect the pet’s body from parasites. Most anthelmintic drugs in drops of this type work within 3 weeks.
  • The second type of drops is absorbed through the skin of the withers into the blood. The principle of action is not very different from tablets, with the bloodstream, the active substances enter the intestines and eliminate parasites.

Another advantage of drops as a prophylactic agent for worms is the convenience of the owner. Naturally, it is much easier to apply drops than forcing the cat to eat pills, most of which taste bitter.

None of the tablets have a prolonged effect, unlike the drops that accumulate in the skin. By using the product only once, you can be sure that your cat is protected from parasites for 2-3 weeks. The manufacturers of these drops claim that their products are not toxic to animals.

Why drugs are applied to the withers?

The back of the head is used to treat a pet, it is suitable for subcutaneous injections. Injections into this area are more effective, the drug is absorbed into the blood faster, due to the elasticity of the fold. The animal does not experience strong painful sensations at the time of medical manipulation. The scruff is used in the fight against fleas and worms in pets, only it is not available for licking the medicine. On the back of the head, special drops from parasites are dripping. It is not necessary to bathe the kitten after applying the drug, touching, ironing this place is contraindicated. the applied drug can be poisoned.

  • Wear gloves.
  • Grab the withers and spread the coat.
  • Apply the medicine to the cartilaginous ridge.
  • Grind the preparation so that it does not spread.

What is the withers and where is it?

The withers are located on the back of the animal’s head in front of the shoulder blades, which are not difficult to feel with your hand. The body in this area is arched, since the first 5 cervical vertebrae are located under the skin and fat layer. With the help of muscles and tendons, the neck is connected to the body, so this fold is elastic, it is easy to separate it from the muscle tissue. Due to such structural features, namely flexibility, cats perform difficult jumps, the height is not an obstacle. Despite the fact that the scruff has a thick layer, there are few nerve endings in it, this is the best place for injection.

Why do you need?

By nature, the withers have the peculiarity of paralyzing the motor activity of the animal, when exposed to it. This happens when the receptors inside the folds work, they send impulses to the brain, activating the function of stopping movement. This ability allows the animal to freeze at the necessary moment, while the pet has the ability to carry offspring without creating noise.

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The scruff helps the owners in raising the tailed beasts, she is responsible for their behavior. With the correct influence on the fold, it is possible to carry out educational actions on the pet. If the pet does not obey, is naughty, shows aggression, the owner must firmly take hold of the withers and slightly press the cat to the floor. In this case, it is necessary to quietly but confidently tell the animal that this cannot be done. The main thing to remember is that adult cats are not lifted by the scruff of the neck, they can be hurt.

Where is the withers of a cat. features of the structure and use of this part of the animal’s body

Cats have a flexible scruff fold on the back of their heads, which has a special structure, using it doctors carry out treatment of animals. This withers in a cat is located at the place where the cervical spine passes into the spine. At the time of illness, doctors inject it into this area. It is important for the pet owner to know about her, you need to take the animal by this fold carefully and in special cases.

Disease, injury and treatment

The pet can injure the withers at the time of mating. In such a situation, you need to treat it with brilliant green or peroxide, then cut off the hair around the damage and apply a bandage. A fold is a significant part of the body, if it is inflamed, swollen, reddened, you should immediately contact your veterinarian. You should not do antibiotic injections on your own, only the doctor knows which ones and how much the syringe is injected under the skin. Next to the scruff is the neck. You can injure the back of the head, if you lift, drag the cat by the withers, as children do. Damage to the cervical spine can lead to serious health problems for the animal and even death. Grip the fold carefully.

Drops advantage

Structure

So, what is the withers, and where is it located in a cat. We found. How is this part of the animal’s body arranged? The bone base of the withers is formed by the first 5 thoracic vertebrae. They have spinous processes that shape this part of the body. The skin in this place of the animal is very thin and elastic. That is why the kittens do not experience any pain at the moment when the mother takes them by the scruff with her teeth. The osty processes of the vertebrae have different heights. Due to this, the withers of the animal are distinguished by a slightly arched shape.

There is fatty tissue under the skin in this place. Next are the muscles (semi-awn, rhomboid, trapezius, etc.). Articular joints at the withers are present only in the spine itself. A cat’s shoulder blades are attached to the body exclusively with the help of muscles and tendons. This determines the extraordinary flexibility of the animal and its ability to make almost lightning-fast jumps.

Due to the special method of attaching the forelimbs, it is undesirable to take the cat by them and lift it up in weight. At the same time, the animal experiences severe discomfort. It is much more correct to keep the pet behind the shoulder blades in the chest area when lifting.

The withers of the cat, where it is not too sensitive to the burn. The place is still relatively problematic. After all, next to him is the neck of an animal. Any serious injury to this part of the body can lead to health problems or even death of the pet. Therefore, in case of damage to the withers, the owners should show their pet to the veterinarian as soon as possible.

Where is the cat’s withers: structure and features

When treating cats for all sorts of diseases, drops on the withers or injections are often prescribed. Where is this place in the animal and how to carry out such procedures correctly? About where the cat’s withers. And also about how you need to drip medicine on it, read the article.

Injuries to the withers

Most often, such damage occurs in animals during mating. The cat rarely leaves wounds on the withers of the cat, but sometimes this still happens. To heal around the lesion, you first need to trim the coat. Next, you should rinse the wound with hydrogen peroxide. You can also use Terramycin spray or brilliant green.

Old wounds with traces of inflammation should be treated with antibiotics. This can be, for example, “Misophene” ointment. It is applied to a napkin and applied to the wound. Then a bandage is applied. But, of course, it is better not to bring the matter to inflammation. If the damaged area is swollen and reddened or pus comes out of it, you should immediately contact a specialist.

What is the withers? A convenient place for injections

A very common medical procedure for treating animals is subcutaneous injections. Such injections are less painful than intramuscular injections and provide a high rate of drug action. Cats do subcutaneous injections in the area of ​​the withers. After all, here the animal’s skin is the thinnest and most elastic. In addition, the skin of the cat is less sensitive in this place. Consequently, the pet will not have much pain. In addition, as a result of the cat’s grabbing by the scruff, the instinct of submission turns on. Therefore, the animal resists less.

How to inject into the withers correctly

It is best to inject medicine into an animal with an assistant. This procedure is performed as follows:

The cat is placed on its side on the table with its back to itself. At the same time, the assistant must hold the animal by its hind legs and back.

With the left hand, pull the skin at the withers with a fold.

Inject with the needle parallel to the back.

If there is no assistant, you do not need to put the cat on its side. In this case, it will be more convenient to place it on the floor or sofa. An injection is given to the animal by pressing it with the elbow of the left hand and at the same time pulling the skin off with your fingers. Finding where the withers are, and in this case it will be easy. The injection itself is done by inserting the needle no more than a third. You can only use a child’s or insulin syringe for an injection.

How to drip flea drops onto the withers correctly for cats

The instructions for applying drops are simple. In order to do everything right:

Wear medical rubber gloves;

Feel where the cat’s withers are;

Spread the fur on the animal’s neck closer to the base of the skull;

Squeeze the product completely from the capsule onto the skin in the area of ​​the highest spinous process;

Rub the drops lightly so they don’t run sideways.

After using the drug, the animal, as already mentioned, is not recommended to bathe for several days. Also, don’t brush your cat. And, of course, you should not stroke the pet on the head and back for a couple of days. Otherwise, the medicine can fall on the hands and subsequently cause poisoning in the owner himself. Some types of flea medicines can also irritate human skin.

Preparing for treatment

Thus, now the reader knows where the cat’s withers are. How to find it when you need to use a medicine is a simple question. However, when using the drops themselves, several important rules should be followed. First, the cat should not be bathed for 2-3 days before using the medicine and for 2-3 days after that. Secondly, before using drops, the withers of the animal must be carefully examined. If there are large injuries and wounds on it, it is better to refuse to use the medicine. In an unfortunate combination of circumstances in this case, the insecticide can enter the animal’s bloodstream, which will lead to poisoning.

Carrying out the very procedure of applying the drug, the cat should be gently held by the left hand behind the back. Do not drip medicine on an anxious, upset, or angry animal. The cat may jerk during the procedure to escape and the drops will fall too low on the body. As a result, in the future, the animal will be able to reach them. Wait for your pet to calm down.

Where is

Withers. This part of the animal’s body, located behind its head, where the neck ends and the back begins. It is this place that the common people call “scruff”. If you want to know exactly where the withers are. Take a look at how these animals carry their young. Pets always do this the same way. The place for which the mother takes her kittens with her teeth is the withers. Holds the cat by the scruff and the cat during mating.

What can you use a cat’s withers for?

It is important for pet owners to know the peculiarities of the influence of the withers on the behavior of cats and, if possible, “educate” them. Indeed, in a cat, the withers also plays an intelligible role, by acting on it, you can even suppress the aggression in this animal.

For example, if the owner wants to develop some useful reflex in his cat, the following algorithm can be used:

  • Gently, but firmly, take the place where the withers are in cats. The main thing is to be firm, showing that you are stronger and more authoritative than your pet. This is done in order to enable his obedience mode.
  • Without letting go of the withers, lightly press the cat to the floor, saying to him at this time the word: “no!”, Or “no!” There is no need to raise your voice, you should speak with authority, but quietly and calmly. You can even hiss like disgruntled cats do. By this, the owner shows the cat his dissatisfaction with his behavior.
  • It is necessary to hold the cat until there is a feeling that the pet’s muscles are relaxed. In no case should you hurt the cat at this moment! This must be done carefully, but imperiously. Now you can talk to him calmly, encouraging.
  • When the cat’s muscles are completely relaxed, you can release it by stroking and saying words of praise and approval.

Why is this done? This educational method is used in case of disobedience and bad behavior of the cat. Simply put, if the pet is naughty, as well as if it shows aggression. By the way, the latter happens if the cat is jealous of other cats. For example, if there are several cats in the house, and the owner gives more attention and affection to one cat, then the other will be jealous, showing aggression. But a cat can have similar behavior if it competes with other cats for territory on the street.

It is very important to know that the cat cannot be lifted high by grabbing it by the withers. This causes pain to the animal, it is imperative to hold it with the other hand on the chest at this time. If there are children in the house, this should be explained to them. After all, the withers are a very important part of the cat’s body, if it is damaged, there can be big problems. Therefore, if the owner notices damage to the withers of the cat, it is urgent to show the pet to the veterinarian.

What is “withers

The withers in cats is where the neck ends and the back begins. Otherwise, the people also call it “scruff”. People have long noticed that cats carry their cubs behind this place. Also, cats with teeth hold cats by the withers during mating.

What is the peculiarity of a cat’s withers? The first five cervical vertebrae are located here under the skin and fat. For this reason, the body at the withers has a characteristic arched shape. In this place. very firm and elastic skin, moreover, there are fewer nerve endings. For this reason, the kittens do not hurt when the mother cat carries them by the withers.

In addition, nature has laid a special ability in the withers. to paralyze the movement of the animal when acting on the withers. Many are wondering what is causing such a strange reaction? It turns out that there are receptors in it, which, when they are stimulated, send impulses to the brain. At this time, the immobilization function is activated. This is designed to make the cats seem to freeze at the right time. After all, the mother carries the kittens in case of danger, and at this time it is undesirable for them to scream and show resistance, otherwise everyone. both the cat and the kittens. is in danger of death.

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Cat injections

The withers are also used to inject sick cats. After all, subcutaneous injections are less painful than intramuscular injections. In addition, the medicine injected under the skin is absorbed faster into the bloodstream. The skin around the withers is more elastic than elsewhere, so there will be less pain. And also the animal, when exposed to this part of the body, shows obedience, therefore, injections to cats are given precisely in the area of ​​the withers.

If the injection is done by one person, it will be better to put the cat on a flat surface and let the cat take a horizontal position, pulling the skin with his left hand, inject it, as shown in the photo. The needle must be inserted strictly by a third. you cannot enter more, as this can be dangerous for the animal. In this case, only a small syringe is used, but it is allowed to use an insulin.

Where is the cat’s withers?

For a long time, cats lived with a person, helping him in everyday life, ridding him of domestic rodents. They are also excellent nannies for children, and healing abilities are noticed behind them. But when the fluffy pet itself falls ill, the owners, of course, strive to cure it. And then the question arises: where is the withers of the cat? It is important to know when injections are prescribed in this part of the body and other procedures. This will be discussed in the article.

Using the withers to treat a cat

Also, the withers can be used to treat cats, for example, to get rid of fleas. For this purpose, special drops are used. Before using them, you should not bathe your pet for several days. It is also very important to carefully examine the condition of the skin for the presence of wounds, abrasions, cuts. Because if the skin of the animal is damaged and the medicine gets into the blood, then the cat can easily be poisoned, which will lead to death.

Do not drip when the cat is irritated or scared. It is necessary to calm the pet, wait a few minutes for a good result. After all, if the cat is scared, he will break free from the owner’s hands in order to escape. In this case, the medicine may not reach the right place.

In order to apply drops correctly, you must follow the following requirements:

  • It is necessary for the owner to wear gloves before the treatment process.
  • Find the withers of the cat.
  • Spread the coat at the withers.
  • Carefully drop the medicine into the highest protruding cartilaginous process.
  • Rub the medicine with your hands so that it does not flow down.

After this procedure, you can not bathe the animal, wet it with water. You should also not stroke this place on a cat for several days in order not to poison the person himself. You don’t need to comb the cat for several days either.

Withers injury

Sometimes a cat can get a wound at the withers. In this case, it is necessary to immediately treat the wound with hydrogen peroxide or brilliant green, then apply a bandage, before that, trim the hair around the injury. If there are signs of inflammation, then you need to treat the wound with an antibiotic. If pus and swelling appear with redness of the skin, then you should immediately contact your veterinarian.

What is the withers

In common people, the withers of a cat or a cat are called “scruff”. To determine the location of the withers, you need to find the place between the neck and back. It has long been noticed that when moving kittens, a cat takes them for this place. The cat bites the withers of the cat at the time of mating. This is no coincidence, this area in a cat has its own structural features.

A cat’s withers are located on the neck between the back of the head and shoulder blades.

What can you use a cat’s withers for?

It is important for pet owners to know the peculiarities of the influence of the withers on the behavior of cats and, if possible, “educate” them. Indeed, in a cat, the withers also plays an intelligible role, by acting on it, you can even suppress the aggression in this animal.

For example, if the owner wants to develop some useful reflex in his cat, the following algorithm can be used:

  • Gently, but firmly, take the place where the withers are in cats. The main thing is to be firm, showing that you are stronger and more authoritative than your pet. This is done in order to enable his obedience mode.
  • Without letting go of the withers, lightly press the cat to the floor, saying to him at this time the word: “no!”, Or “no!” There is no need to raise your voice, you should speak with authority, but quietly and calmly. You can even hiss like disgruntled cats do. By this, the owner shows the cat his dissatisfaction with his behavior.
  • It is necessary to hold the cat until there is a feeling that the pet’s muscles are relaxed. In no case should you hurt the cat at this moment! This must be done carefully, but imperiously. Now you can talk to him calmly, encouraging.
  • When the cat’s muscles are completely relaxed, you can release it by stroking and saying words of praise and approval.

Why is this done? This educational method is used in case of disobedience and bad behavior of the cat. Simply put, if the pet is naughty, as well as if it shows aggression. By the way, the latter happens if the cat is jealous of other cats. For example, if there are several cats in the house, and the owner gives more attention and affection to one cat, then the other will be jealous, showing aggression. But a cat can have similar behavior if it competes with other cats for territory on the street.

It is very important to know that the cat cannot be lifted high by grabbing it by the withers. This causes pain to the animal, it is imperative to hold it with the other hand on the chest at this time. If there are children in the house, this should be explained to them. After all, the withers are a very important part of the cat’s body, if it is damaged, there can be big problems. Therefore, if the owner notices damage to the withers of the cat, it is urgent to show the pet to the veterinarian.

Withers in cats where: viewed from all sides

For a long time, people have noticed that cats have the ability to heal. But when the cat itself falls ill, it becomes the owner’s duty to help the pet. If the veterinarian prescribes injections into the withers, the question may arise. where does the cat have this zone?

Where is the withers?

A cat’s withers are the part of the back located at the junction of the base of the neck and shoulder blades. The central part of the withers is located just in front of the shoulder blades, the skin on it easily folds. To be sure to understand where the cat’s withers are, you need to use the following method: grasp the base of the front paws with your hand or fingers and move up until there is a fold of skin in your hand. Next, lower your hand a little until, until, you feel that it rested on the shoulder blades. This fold of skin is called the nape or withers.

In the process of evolution, the skin on the withers of the cat has become thicker and less sensitive than on the body. However, the ancient ancestors of our pets did not have such protection and often suffered in fights from injuries inflicted by opponents. During a fight, the cat tries to grab the opponent by the withers, and if possible, then by the neck.

You may have noticed that during a fight, the cat tries to take a position lying on its back and beat the opponent with its hind legs. It is not known how many generations of wild cats died from deep wounds on the withers, but judging by the structure of modern cats, evolution took care of protecting one of the weakest points on the body of animals.

Another common cause of withers injury is mating. The cat holds the cat during mating with its teeth by the fold of skin on the shoulder blades. It does not always come to injury, but such troubles cannot be called rare either. If, after mating, your pets have punctures (from claws or teeth), they need to be treated in a timely manner and monitored so that inflammation does not start.

Any owner should clearly understand where the cat’s withers are, how to collect a skin fold for an injection or treat the site in case of infection. This is necessary in order to properly carry out the prevention of parasites and injections. In addition, the withers of cats have a unique structure.

The mother cat carries the kittens by the scruff of the neck, tightly clamping the skin fold in her teeth. Young kittens have a reflex, due to which they freeze as soon as a fold of skin at the withers is pinched. In adult cats, this reflex will atrophy over time.

During medical procedures, bathing or other procedures unpleasant for the cat, for safety reasons it is recommended to hold the animal by the withers.

Features of the structure of the withers

In the structure of the cat, there is an arcuate bulge at the nape of the neck. this is the withers. It takes this shape because the first five to six vertebrae located in this area are covered with a layer of fat under the skin. The skin above the withers differs from the skin on other parts of the body. It is characterized by firmness and elasticity. There are practically no nerve endings at the withers. This is the reason why the kitten does not feel pain when it is carried by the mother cat.

Kittens do not experience pain or discomfort when the mother carries them in her teeth, holding them by the withers

There is another important characteristic of the withers structure. At this point, the neck connects to the body. Muscles and tendons act as connective tissue. This allows the animal to be flexible, as well as to make very long and most incredible jumps, fleeing, for example, from a dog.

The withers are a very flexible part of the cat’s body due to the fact that the neck is connected to the body using muscles and tendons

Another distinctive feature is laid by nature. the effect on the withers allows the animal to be immobilized. The explanation is simple enough. In the area of ​​the withers, specific receptors are located. If irritated, the impulse is transmitted to the brain, which contributes to the short-term paralysis of the cat.

Why you need to know the location of the withers

The withers are the most suitable place for all kinds of medical procedures:

  • Application of antiparasitic drugs (for example, drops from fleas, helminths), since this area of ​​the body is not accessible to the cat for licking the fur with its tongue, so it will not be poisoned by a toxic agent, provided it is applied correctly;
  • The introduction of subcutaneous injections, since the skin is thick here with a minimum number of nerve endings, which practically eliminates the pain for the animal during the injection (provided that it is done correctly). This explains the fact that most veterinary drugs are intended for subcutaneous administration, which is less painful than intramuscular injections.

Drops on the withers. what is important to know?

The importance of preventing parasites in pets is regularly reminded by all veterinarians. According to the rules for keeping pets, treatment for fleas and worms should be carried out at least once every three months. This period was not chosen by chance.

Worms live in the body in domestic animals constantly, but a period of three months gives them the opportunity to multiply to a critical amount. When a cat has fleas, its discomfort is obvious. the pet itches, gnaws its fur, wounds appear on its body.

The worms are hidden from our eyes, but they cause very serious harm to the health of the cat. The fact is that they feed on blood, lymph and tissue cells. The waste products of the worms are toxic to the cat’s body. Immunity is constantly in an agitated state, trying to eliminate foreign proteins from the body. If this situation is prolonged, the immune defense is depleted, the cat becomes vulnerable to most infectious and viral diseases.

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For the prevention of worms, broad-spectrum tablets are often used. The effectiveness of such drugs has been proven, but when using broad-spectrum tablets, the risk of infecting a cat with rare helminths parasitizing in the blood and organs is not taken into account. Worm pills act on worms that live in the intestines, and these are the most common types of parasites.

When using tablets, the effectiveness of prevention depends directly on the active substance. If you do not go into details, you can divide all the tablets into two types, some paralyze worms, others kill them. Both types of drugs are powerless against worms that parasitize the liver, blood, heart. If preventive measures are carried out regularly, all the active substances of the anthelmintic in the form of tablets are excreted from the body within 6-8 hours.

Preventive agents in the form of drops also differ in the active substance and the mechanism of action on parasites. If we talk about anthelmintics in the form of drops, they can be divided into two large groups.

  • The first group acts in the subcutaneous layer and accumulates in the cells of the dermis. Until the funds are removed from the body, they are slowly absorbed into the bloodstream and constantly protect the pet’s body from parasites. Most anthelmintic drugs in drops of this type work within 3 weeks.
  • The second type of drops is absorbed through the skin of the withers into the blood. The principle of action is not very different from tablets, with the bloodstream, the active substances enter the intestines and eliminate parasites.

Another advantage of drops as a prophylactic agent for worms is the convenience of the owner. Naturally, it is much easier to apply drops than forcing the cat to eat pills, most of which taste bitter.

None of the tablets have a prolonged effect, unlike the drops that accumulate in the skin. By using the product only once, you can be sure that your cat is protected from parasites for 2-3 weeks. The manufacturers of these drops claim that their products are not toxic to animals.

What is the withers, where is it in cats and how to find it: photo and description

Cats have been living with humans for several millennia, so people know a lot about feline habits, instincts, and body structure. However, even experienced breeders are unaware of some important facts related to cats.

Children sometimes drag them by the scruff of the neck, adults also often grab animals by the scruff of the neck, not suspecting what sensations they are experiencing. Where is the withers of the cat? What does it matter? Why do females wear their kittens by the scruff of the neck? Why are subcutaneous injections to animals done at the withers?

What is the withers and where is it located?

The withers is the part of the cat’s body where the cervical spine joins the dorsal. The center of the withers is in front of the shoulder blades. In everyday life, this place is called the scruff or the scruff of the neck. In this part of the body skin is easily separated from the muscle. It is not difficult to find the withers, you just need to press your fingers to the upper section of the forelimbs and move upward until a thick and elastic fold of skin forms in the hand. How she looks can be seen in the photo.

Males hold females by this fold during mating, and female cats carry kittens to a safe place. Perhaps for this reason, during the evolution of nerve endings, there were few left here, and the skin became less sensitive to pain. Cubs do not feel pain when the mother grabs them by the skin fold on the nape.

Another amazing property of the withers, which few people know about, is the connection with the cerebellum. There are special receptors in the nape of the neck that, when contracted, send signals to the cerebellum. In response to these impulses, the brain forces the animal to relax. This is how the reflex immobilization of cats occurs when exposed to the withers. For this reason, the cub freezes in the fetal position and does not resist when the mother squeezes the skin on his nape with her teeth.

This reflex does not disappear with age, but it is impossible to lift cats by the skin on the neck, since the weight of an adult animal is many times greater than that of a small pet. It is better to stroke the scruff of the neck and neck of cats, because such strokes are not only pleasant for them, they soothe, help to relax.

Why cats kittens carry the withers?

Everyone who has seen a cat caring for its offspring knows how carefully it takes its babies to the safest place. To protect them, the mother chooses a secluded corner and takes each cub there in turn, grabbing the skin at the withers. If the baby tries to crawl out of the nest, she returns it in the same way. The female does this instinctively. There are several explanations why a mother takes kittens by the scruff of the neck:

  • The only option. Since cats cannot hold their cubs in their paws or tell them not to leave the safe house, all that remains is to return or transfer them to the desired location with the help of their teeth.
  • Convenience. The skin at the withers is well separated from the muscles, forming a large fold, which is most convenient to grasp with the teeth.
  • Safety. Joints and bones in newborn kittens are too weak. If the mother lifts the baby by the head or leg, it could be seriously injured. The skin on the back of the neck stretches well, lifting the cub by the scruff, the cat cannot harm him. In addition, there are few nerve cells in this part of the body, so the baby does not experience pain.
  • The ability to control the movements of the cub. When the skin folds on the nape of the neck are compressed, the baby assumes the position of an embryo and stops resisting. This is due to the presence of special receptors in the skin that send signals to the cerebellum. As a result of the return impulse, the baby’s body relaxes.

Why exactly injections are made at the withers and drops from ectoparasites are applied there?

Given the structural features and location of the withers, it is often used when carrying out veterinary procedures. This body part is ideal for subcutaneous injections. In this way, animals are often injected with vaccines, vitamin solutions, antibiotics, and when dehydrated, droppers with a sodium chloride solution are placed there. When choosing the back of the neck as a place for injections, veterinarians are guided by the following facts:

  • Low level of sensitivity. The skin in this part of the body contains a minimum number of nerve endings, so the puncture practically does not cause pain to the pet.
  • Fast action of the drug. After being injected under the skin, the substance quickly enters the systemic circulation due to the loose structure of the subcutaneous fat layer, which has a good absorbency.
  • The needle enters the subcutaneous space. It is here that the skin is well separated from the muscle tissue, so it is easy to insert the needle under the skin, bypassing the fat layer and without touching the muscles.

Injections are not the only medical use of the scruff of pets. This place is optimal for applying drip solutions. The most popular drugs that are produced in the form of drops for external use are antiparasitic agents. Among the advantages of applying drugs to the withers are the following:

  • Pets cannot lick medicine. The area between the shoulder blades is practically the only place on the body that is inaccessible for licking. A cat cannot be poisoned with a toxic agent, since it cannot reach the withers with either its tongue or paw.
  • No toxic substances enter the stomach of the animal. After application, some drops are absorbed into the subcutaneous layer and evenly distributed throughout the body. The active substance is secreted by the sebaceous glands and reabsorbed, protecting the cat from fleas, ticks and other blood-sucking parasites for several weeks or months. Another group of drugs has a complex effect, destroying not only ectoparasites, but also helminths. Such solutions enter the bloodstream through the skin and enter the intestines.
  • Ease of application. No cat will voluntarily take pills, powders, or even suspensions. To give the drug orally, the owner has to use various tricks: mix drugs with food, add to water, use a syringe. When the drops are applied to the skin, cats do not show aggression and usually do not fight back. In addition, animals are guaranteed to receive the required dose of the active ingredient.
  • Long lasting effect. The drug, applied to the withers once, remains effective for several weeks, destroys parasites and protects animals from re-infection.

Is it possible to carry adult animals the same way??

Small pets do not feel pain when their mother lifts them by the fold of skin in front of the shoulder blades. Their weight is very small, and there are few sensitive cells in the skin at the withers. A muscle group is located under the layer of fatty tissue at the withers. The shoulder blades are connected to the trunk only by tendons. This endows cats with extraordinary flexibility and the ability to jump hard. However, adult animals weigh several times more than kittens, so you cannot lift them by holding their front paws or scruff.

If you take an adult cat by the withers, you can injure his skin, since it is strongly stretched under the weight of the weight. With this grip, the skin can also squeeze the pet’s throat. In addition, there is a risk of neck injury. It should be understood that an adult cat is uncomfortable when you pick it up, taking as a fold of skin. He can scratch the owner.

When seized by the scruff, a pet may decide that a person is showing his superiority, since such a position makes the animal practically defenseless. It can stress him out. Some cats perceive such treatment as disdainful, so they may begin to take revenge on the owner. It is best to lift adult animals by placing your hand on the chest part between the front legs. So the pet will feel comfortable and will not get injured.

How to influence a naughty pet with his own scruff?

Reflexes associated with the withers persist throughout their lives. It is impossible to lift pets weighing 3-5 kg ​​or more by the scruff of the neck, but you can use their natural instincts for educational purposes and in the process of training.

A proper grasp of the scruff can prevent a fight between cats, as well as wean the pet from shitting in the wrong places or sharpen its claws on upholstered furniture. Experts consider such actions to be more effective than punishment. To re-educate your pet, you need to apply the following algorithm:

  • Confidently but gently grip the fold of skin on the neck. It is important to control the grip strength. The animal should not be in pain. We need to make him understand that he is not the strongest and the man in this house is in charge. Holding the scruff of the neck will make the pet obey.
  • Press the aggressor to the floor while continuing to hold the scruff of the neck. Pronounce the word of prohibition: “no”, “no”. You must speak clearly, firmly, but calmly, without raising your voice. Shouting in this case is unacceptable. Better to copy the behavior of a disgruntled cat and hiss at the pet. This signal has been familiar to him since childhood. This is how the mother made it clear to the baby that she did not like his behavior.
  • Hold the cat until it relaxes. You can talk to him in a calm tone to help calm him down. Pets usually need no more than 5 minutes to realize their guilt.
  • Release after complete relaxation, praise, caress, removing your hand from the withers. For obedience, you can treat an obedient beast with a treat.

For some animals, one educational act is not enough to improve. In this case, the steps must be repeated when a similar situation occurs. As a result of several repetitions, the pet will understand that the owner does not like it.