Treating a cat
How to treat the animal will depend on the diagnosis. It is dangerous to self-medicate a cat or a cat, and even more so independently to give some drugs. For diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, the veterinarian prescribes a therapeutic diet, astringents and medications. If vomiting after eating is caused by damage to the internal organs of the digestive system or intestinal obstruction, surgery and enemas will be required. During treatment, it is important to restore the body’s water balance, give light food and provide the animal with peace.
When not to panic?
Vomiting is not always a sign of illness. An acceptable indicator in veterinary medicine is its occurrence every three to four days without visible additional symptoms.
Experts advise not to panic if the pet is active, has an appetite, has a healthy coat, and a natural shine of eyes. Periodic “cleansing” vomiting is common in cats. If it occurs immediately after eating, it is necessary to change the diet and observe the condition of the animal. For frequent repetitions, it is important to seek veterinarian advice.
When can you help at home?
You can help an animal on your own in two cases:
- If vomiting with food is caused by improper feeding or a violation of the diet;
- Hair build up problem.
In the first case, it is necessary to establish a feeding regime. in small portions 4-5 times a day. Preferably soft, puree food. In the second. regularly comb out the hair and give the pet prophylactic agents (pastes) for its timely removal from the stomach.
If the cat does not eat and only drinks liquid, you can put it on a starvation diet for a day. But the refusal of water should not be allowed. In this case, you need to drink by force through a syringe. It is recommended to use purified bottled water without impurities. If the animal begins to vomit immediately after taking the liquid, it must be urgently shown to the veterinarian.
It is possible to give independently antiemetic drugs (Cerucal), as well as absorbents (Atoxil), No-shpu and other means only in case of severe poisoning of the animal. In this case, the cat will refuse to eat, and vomiting will occur regardless of food and water consumption.
Common causes of vomiting in cats
In veterinary practice, there are many causes of vomiting in cats, conditionally they can be divided into two groups:
- Reflex irritation of the digestive system. vomiting occurs due to a foreign object entering the stomach and esophagus.
- Intoxication of the body. the substance, when it enters the bloodstream, irritates the cerebral centers of the vomiting reflex, thereby causing vomiting.
Also, experts distinguish another group, which is somewhat isolated and associated with disorders of the brain and vestibular apparatus.
So, vomiting in cats can be observed:
- With motion sickness;
- After a concussion;
- As a result of sudden pressure surges.
In these situations, nausea is conventionally a normal reaction of the body.
In some cases, vomit may acquire a certain color or contain impurities of bile, blood, gastric juice. What these signs indicate, we suggest learning more from the table.
|Color and impurities||Description of symptoms|
|With white foam||A regular symptom may indicate chronic gastritis, as well as abnormal stomach function. In isolated cases, an admixture of white foam in the vomit indicates prolonged hunger: the cat overeat or swallowed air when swallowed quickly. Air, when mixed with gastric juice, forms a foam|
|With bile||May indicate the development of pathologies of the gallbladder and impaired liver function. When bile enters the stomach when food is ingested, it causes vomiting. In this case, the masses become yellow.|
|With gastric juice||Mucus or liquid indicates gastritis. In rare cases, helminthic invasion or viral infection is manifested in this way.|
|With blood||Blood is the most dangerous symptom of vomiting. In this case, the animal must be immediately shown to the veterinarian. The presence of bright red blood clots indicates damage to the esophagus, pharynx. Darker impurities indicate bleeding in the stomach due to trauma to the walls or opening of an ulcer|
|Green vomit||The green tint of the removed masses most often indicates liver disease, intestinal obstruction. Also, this color is present after the cat has eaten grass.|
|Vomits a pregnant cat||Vomiting in pregnant cats is conventionally considered the norm. This is due to the compression of the digestive organs by the uterine cavity. Eaten food strongly presses on the walls of the stomach, causing a conditioned reflex to cleanse it. In addition, pregnant cats may experience a hormonal “riot”. Then a certain type of food causes nausea.|
We invite you to learn a few more useful tips from the Vetpuls Veterinary Channel.
Food for vomiting in a cat
Very often, after vomiting, the stomach is susceptible to irritants and repeated nausea may occur only due to improper feeding. Immediately after vomiting, it is necessary to maintain a diet for about 6 hours and start feeding the pet with soft light food. It is important to exclude the factor of repeated irritation of the stomach walls. For the first meal, low fat baby puree is suitable. The next two days, it is necessary to give food in small portions after 2-3 hours.
When a cat cannot digest dry food, homemade food is recommended for her:
- Boiled rice;
- Broiled boiled chicken breast;
- Minced meat;
- Low-fat cottage cheese.
If vomiting is chronic, a special diet and additional intake of nutrients will be required. The complex and diet are prescribed by a veterinarian. A weak decoction of chamomile, which is given in a teaspoon 2-3 times a day, helps to restrain nausea.
Causes of vomiting after eating
In this case, the problem cannot be ignored, because the reason can be both harmless overeating and a serious disruption of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Improper feeding is the most common reason why a cat or cat vomits after eating undigested food. Errors in feeding cause disruption of the digestive system. The pet can vomit from overeating or swallowing too large pieces of food, from a blockage of the intestines with solid food, and so on. Cats have a well-developed gag reflex, so even minor disturbances lead to nausea.
- Accumulation of wool in the intestines. Long-haired and fluffy cats often experience this problem with improper care. “Eaten” hairs cause vomiting by mechanical irritation of the intestinal walls. In this case, the removed masses will be with wool. Also, hairballs clog the intestines, complicating its natural cleaning, and provoking intoxication of the body. Food trapped in the esophagus serves only as a kind of trigger.
- Diseases and disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. They are accompanied by additional symptoms, regular occurrence of nausea. Among them can be both mechanical damage to the digestive system, and chronic diseases.
Cat owners note that animals can “regurgitate” undigested food after consuming dry food. This problem is common with constant feeding of dry, cheap food. Prevention of such phenomena will be a competently composed pet diet, diet, transition to professional wet food or homemade food. High quality dry food must be given in small portions: when it enters the stomach, dry granules swell, increase in volume, thereby provoking the rejection of the excess.
Another important rule is the prevention of helminthic invasions, as well as intestinal blockages. On a dry diet, the animal should consume enough liquid. Curious pets are restricted from accessing small things, threads, papers, toys. Be sure to fit a lid on your trash can. Long-haired cats, in addition to careful grooming of their hair, need to be given a special paste to remove hair.
When you should contact your veterinarian?
Any vomiting in a cat with the manifestation of external malaise of the animal is a reason to contact your veterinarian.
These include symptoms such as:
- Loss of activity;
- Refusal of food and water;
- General depression;
- Increased body temperature;
- Impurities in vomit;
- Bowel disorders. diarrhea, constipation;
- Convulsions, staggering gait, agitation and other disturbances of habitual behavior;
- Re-occurrence of nausea more often than once every three to four days.
Also, you should immediately contact the veterinary clinic if a kitten is vomiting. In babies under one year old, even a slight deterioration in the condition leads to serious consequences. Kittens become dehydrated very quickly and lose nutrients.
plus other warning signs
If vomiting and diarrhea, plus are accompanied by changes in body temperature in any direction, depression, lack of appetite, rapidly developing exhaustion and dehydration, discharge from the eyes or nose, then we can talk about severe infectious diseases. Only a doctor will be able to accurately diagnose, and based not only on anamnesis, but also on additional studies (analysis of blood, feces, vomit, etc.).
When to see your vet
In all of the following cases, it is imperative to seek help from a veterinarian:
- Constant vomiting for several days;
- Repeated vomiting during the day;
- The presence in the vomit of any alarming impurities that are not caused by the food eaten (especially if the cat is vomiting blood);
- Vomiting does not depend on the act of eating;
- There is vomiting even when the cat does not eat or drink anything;
- Vomiting is accompanied by additional symptoms (diarrhea, high or too low body temperature, depression, weakness, watery eyes, etc.).
Cerucal (Metoclopramide) in solution
Applied for nausea and vomiting, not associated with vestibular causes.
beats with a “fountain”
If it beats with a fountain, then the first thing that this may indicate is a complete blockage of the gastrointestinal transit, and this is a direct path to the hospital. In this case, vomit is ejected under the pressure of a strong jet and over a considerable distance. A similar effect is caused by high intracranial pressure and some diseases of the brain (blood clots, tumors, encephalitis).
The strongest broad-spectrum antibiotic. It is prescribed when other types of antibiotics have not given the desired effect.
Homeopathy. The procedure for the provision of medical care:
- Fasting diet and elimination of dehydration (if any);
- Prescription of antispasmodic and antiemetic drugs;
- Appointment of sorbents (if there is a fact of poisoning);
- Appointment of gastro- and hepatoprotectors;
- Treatment of the underlying medical condition that caused vomiting.
Depending on the general condition of the animal, the procedure for providing assistance may vary.
It is forbidden to induce vomiting if:
- Unconscious or semi-conscious animal;
- If the toxic substances are alkaline or acidic;
- If convulsions or convulsions are present;
- If the animal choked on a small object, but it is not known how (to avoid additional trauma to the stomach, esophagus and mouth).
If vomiting occurs in small kittens
Vomiting in kittens at a very early age usually indicates congenital abnormalities in the formation of the gastrointestinal tract or poor quality of milk from a nursing mother-cat (some kind of illness, medication, poor food, etc.). It should be noted that the smaller the kitten, the less chances of saving it, regardless of the reasons that caused the vomiting. This is due to the not always expected reaction to medications in a young, not fully formed organism.
Kittens older than 2-3 months should be considered as an adult animal, because. The reasons for vomiting are already the same. The procedure for responding to vomiting in such cases is the same as for an adult cat.
Vomiting in small kittens, their reason
With various diseases, the cat’s body reacts with vomiting, thereby indicating its problem.
- The reasons for vomiting in kittens may be if the cat feeds him with her milk. It is possible that she may have eaten something or that she became ill and medications were prescribed. The fact is that the kitten still has a weak immune system, so it is quite possible that he vomits precisely because of this.
- Vaccination can provoke a gag reflex.
- Poisoning with household chemicals.
- The next reason for vomiting may be the transition to self-feeding. Then vomiting is associated with a sharp transition to a new food.
- The cause may be brought in worms or a viral infection.
- If the food is of poor quality, salty or smoked, fried or fatty.
- The kid vomits due to hair getting into the stomach. This can happen if the kitten is actively licking its fur.
- The kitten vomits because of overeating, or has swallowed too much food.
- Vomiting can be caused by a foreign object that has entered the stomach of a curious animal.
- If the baby vomits yellow secretions in the form of a liquid, you can safely talk about the ingress of bile into the stomach. This symptom signals the presence of diseases in the stomach.
- The white appearance of the vomit foam can be when eating rough food or if the kitten is infected with an infectious disease.
What to do if vomiting occurs?
If your kitten is vomiting and this happens for a long time, you need to try to calm down and understand the causes of the attack. In cases where the kitten does not vomit often, he does not have an increased or low temperature, there is no stool disorder, he is not weak, you can treat him at home. To do this, you need to keep the baby on a starvation diet and not feed him for twelve hours. Every hour and a half, the kitten should drink clean water once. In order to drink, you need to take a syringe, remove the needle and, after taking a portion of water, give it to the kitten.
After the fasting diet, if the kitten shows a desire to eat, feels much better, you can safely give him food. The food must be fresh. You need to start with small portions. It can be boiled chicken or broth, rice water. You can give medicated food. For some time, the animal is prohibited from eating fatty, smoked, spicy foods. Immediately after recovery, the baby should not be overloaded with food, since the body is still weak.
What to do if a kitten vomits after eating?
Kittens require special care. They have the same health problems as all young children. What to do if the kitten vomits after eating? He must be closely monitored, his diet must be of high quality food. It is important that the furry friend eats on time and does not refuse food, be active and feel good.
Why does a kitten vomit undigested food?
If the cat vomits undigested food and this is repeated, a specialist examination is often necessary. Vomiting in animals is a protective reaction of the body. It appears due to the contraction of the abdominal muscles and the diaphragm. At this point, food that has been eaten is forced out through the esophagus region. An undigested type of food should alert you if it contains bleeding.
Often the cause of vomiting in an animal after eating may be elementary overeating or if the food is absorbed too quickly. The kitten does not have a stomach that is so large in size, it cannot contain large food. For this reason, vomiting occurs.
Sometimes the cause of frequent vomiting is low-quality, low-quality dry food. If it contains an insufficient amount of nutrients and other incomplete proteins (offal) predominate, added concentrates and preservatives. In this case, the kitten vomits, as it tries to get rid of a poor-quality product by vomiting. In order for the body to cleanse faster, the baby may develop a stool disorder. Food for a kitten should always be of high quality and nutritious.
The appearance of vomiting can be a symptom of an inflammatory process in the intestines. Such diseases as gastritis, pancreatitis, colitis are, unfortunately, familiar to cats.
In order for your kitten to grow up healthy, you need attention and care. To find out the cause of the disease, you need to contact your veterinarian. He will examine the animal and prescribe the necessary treatment.
Why does the kitten vomit?
If the kitten vomits, no need to panic and rush to the veterinary clinic. Perhaps the baby simply overeat, and the stomach returned the excess. Examine the vomit for foreign inedible objects or hair. Their ingestion into the stomach could provoke vomiting. The kitten could also eat herbs.
The kitten can vomit after eating if he ate very quickly and did not chew the food. If your pet vomits from time to time, change the diet. Perhaps this food does not suit him. Vomiting can also be caused by a sudden change in diet.
If the vomiting was of a one-time nature, and the kitten does not have a fever, he is playful and shows interest in food, it is worth observing and treating him on his own.
Do not feed the animal for 24 hours. Solder it off in small portions of water with the addition of a few drops of “Rehydron” solution after a short period of time. Give the kitten a nursery “Smecta”. You can give the antispasmodic “No-shpa” and the antiemetic drug “Cerucal”. If the vomiting has returned and the kitten becomes worse, see a veterinarian immediately.
The causes of vomiting in kittens can be more serious. Vomiting may appear 4-5 days after you give your pet an anthelmintic drug. This suggests that the animal has a lot of worms, which, upon death, released many toxins, which, in turn, served as poisoning and caused vomiting. In this case, repeated deworming is necessary.
Vomiting can be an indicator that your pet has such diseases: chronic gastritis, obstruction of the pylorus of the stomach, inflammation of the intestines, chronic pancreatitis, peritonitis, liver disease (cholangiohepatitis), tumor (stomach, pancreas), intestinal obstruction (partial or complete, caused by a foreign body ), colon disease.
Do not self-medicate when the kitten is lethargic, refuses to eat, he has frequent vomiting, diarrhea, fever, blood is present in the vomit. We urgently need to go to the vet. The doctor will conduct an examination and prescribe treatment.
Prevention of vomiting
Some types of vomiting can be prevented. To do this, it is necessary to deworm the animal every 3 months; vaccinate against infectious diseases in time; comb your pet regularly; make sure that the kitten has a balanced diet; close him access to the trash can, Christmas tinsel, houseplants. It is also necessary to show your pet to a veterinarian once a year as a preventive measure.