Nematantus goldfish: home care
In order for the flower to please for a long time, you need to choose the right care. An important role is played by:
Nematanthus belongs to the group of epiphytic plants. This means that he needs a loose and neutral soil. Usually flower growers use sand, peat, humus, add charcoal and pine bark.
Humidity and watering are one of the important factors affecting the growth and flowering of this plant.
The goldfish flower loves abundant moisture in the spring and summer. In the summer, you should definitely spray the leaves, do not allow the soil to dry out. After spraying, do not put it in direct sunlight, this can harm the flower. With insufficient watering, large leaves curl, and smaller ones can fall off. During the fall and winter months, reduce watering and water the soil as the top layer dries up. For irrigation, you need to use settled water at room temperature. If there is a strong overdrying of the soil, the flower with the pot should be placed in a basin of water and the soil should be allowed to saturate with moisture for about 10-15 minutes. Then add fresh earth.
#Растим нематантус Nematanthus. Как размножить. В чем залог его успешного выращивания. Солейролия
The level of humidity depends on the temperature in the room: when the temperature is hanging, it is worth increasing the humidity in the house.
Нематантус / Золотая рыбка (Nematanthus)
The greatest flowering of the plant occurs from spring to autumn. Shoots should be cut off annually in the first days of spring and at the end of flowering. If you do not cut the nematanthus, then its leaves will thin out, and it will lose its attractiveness and ability to rich flowering. In addition to everything, this will enable the plant to develop faster.
It is quite easy to prune the shoots. The branches should be shortened by 1/3 of the initial length, and for old plants by 1/2 of the length.
Top dressing is done during the period of active growth. Be sure to just water the plant before fertilizing to avoid scalding the roots. It is carried out 1-2 times a month with fertilizers containing a complex of mineral components: potassium and sodium nitrate, urea and organic substances.
Nematantus (Gregarius or Goldfish): care and cultivation at home
An unusual but beautiful plant that belongs to the Gesneriev family and is called Nematantus grows in the forests of Brazil. This plant is also called gregarius or “goldfish”. Multiple orange or yellow flowers resemble small fish from an aquarium. Nematanthus grows in the form of a small bush, if you do not cut off the shoots, it looks great in hanging planters. Its long vine shoots will fall beautifully downward. This flower is quite demanding, but its beauty is worth the effort.
Nematantus. Home care: lighting
Nematantus needs diffused lighting up to 14 hours a day. In winter, the plant should be kept on the windows of the west or south side. It is also good to keep this flower under a fluorescent lamp. In summer, it is advisable to keep it on the windowsills of windows facing the west or east side, you can also put it on the south, but make sure that the sun does not burn the leaves. And in very hot weather, take it out on the terrace or balcony at night. If the plant does not bloom, it means that it lacks sunlight. The north side does not suit this flower at all.
Nematantus: care and cultivation
Nematanthus should be grown in a low and fairly deep pot. Ideally, the height of the pot is the same as its diameter. A special condition for growing goldfish is drainage. A young nematanthus should be transplanted every year, and the old one every two years.
Although the nematanthus is quite resistant to various diseases and pests, there are still certain pests from which this plant may have to be “treated”. The most common ones are:
Treatment of the flower with herbal preparations will help to get rid of aphids. Special insecticides will help with thrips. Ticks appear at low humidity and a small amount of spraying of the plant. When the first mites appear, wash the leaves with a solution of laundry soap. Small-drop spraying with sulfur or phosphorus preparations will also help to save yourself from parasites.
This video tells about the features of growing nematanthus at home.
Nematantus gregarius: home care
Nematantus gregarius is an absolutely non-capricious plant. Loves a lot of light, but you should protect it from direct sunlight. In the hot season, he needs abundant watering, as well as regular spraying. The soil should be light, easy for air to pass through. If you need to grow a flower for a hanging pot from a bush plant, you should not cut off the shoots, but let them grow freely.
Reproduction of nematanthus occurs in two ways:
Cuttings about 10 cm long are cleaned of leaves and placed in a peat glass. After a week, the cuttings can be planted in a pot. over, several cuttings can be planted in one pot.
The seeds are harvested and dried outdoors. Then the seeds are planted in a low bowl with loose soil. You shouldn’t bury them. The dishes with seeds are covered with glass and placed on a tray, into which water is poured. After 2-3 weeks, they can be transplanted into the ground from foliage and peat, and after rooting, they can be planted in separate pots.
There are some problems with growing nematanthus gregarius.
- If light brown spots appear on the leaves, it is worth watering the plant with warm water (20-22 C).
- Dry soil, lack of moisture can serve as the reason for the shedding of leaves in the summer. In winter. low room temperature.
- At very high temperatures and low humidity, the tips of the leaves begin to turn yellow and dry.
This video shows you how to properly grow a Goldfish at home. Be sure to leave your questions, wishes or comments to the article.
Nematantus (Goldfish flower)
Nematanthus or Goldfish flower has become popular not so long ago. The unusual shape of the flowers, reminiscent of an orange-red or yellow fish, surprises and attracts the attention of flower growers. Shiny dark green leaves on long creeping shoots also look very impressive.
Nematanthus is a plant of the Gesneriaceae family, native to South America. The genus includes succulent shrubs or grasses with long, creeping or drooping shoots that can take root in nodes. In the wild, it grows as an epiphyte or semi-epiphyte. In the modern botanical classification, plants of the genus Hypocyrta are also included in the genus Nematantus.
The leaves of the nematanthus are dark green, small, fleshy, the lower part is sometimes reddish-purple. Leaves are elliptical or ovoid in shape.
Nematanthus wettsteina is grown as a houseplant for goldfish. ampelous plant with thin, branching shoots up to 90 cm long, densely covered with small, dark green, satin leaves.
The flowers are unusual in shape, resemble a bright aquarium fish, the color is orange-red with yellow, about 2 cm long. Long flowering, abundant.
Tips for growing Nematanthus (Goldfish flower)
Lighting. Strong, diffused light is required for successful cultivation. At the same time, in the summer, you cannot keep it on the south window in the sun. East windows or western windows will work best.
Temperature. The temperature regime depends on the season. In spring and summer, during the active growing season, the usual room temperature is 19-25 ° C. In winter, the nematanthus begins a dormant period, it is advisable to lower the temperature to 15 degrees.
Air humidity. The goldfish flower prefers moist air, it is recommended to spray often in spring and summer.
Watering. Nematanthus is a moisture-loving plant, with abundant watering from spring to autumn. In winter, especially when kept cool, watered moderately. With insufficient watering, leaves fall. It is useful to water in the summer by immersing the pot in water for 10-20 minutes.
Fertilizer. Required only during the active growing season, 1-2 times a month fed with complex mineral fertilizer.
Rest period. Nematantus needs a dormant period, it comes in winter, when daylight hours are reduced. The plant is kept in a cool and bright room, watered moderately.
Transfer. Transplanted into a slightly larger pot as needed. Old plants are not transplanted, but re-rooted. over, you can plant several cuttings in one wide pot at once. There must be a thick drainage layer in the pot so that all excess water can drain freely.
The soil. The substrate for nematanthus requires loose and breathable, slightly acidic or neutral. A mixture of leafy earth, humus, peat and sand (2: 1: 1: 1) is suitable, it is useful to add pieces of charcoal and chopped sphagnum moss for looseness.
Pruning. Goldfish flowers appear on young shoots, so pruning is done regularly for bushiness and flowering. Pruned in early spring, if after winter the shoots have become long and have lost some of the leaves. Also pruned after flowering.
Reproduction. Can be propagated by cuttings and seeds. Cuttings root easily in knots and can be rooted in spring and summer. Cuttings are cut 7-10 cm long, the lower leaves are removed, placed in a shaded, but bright place. The growth of a young plant soon begins.
Pests and diseases. Damaged by aphids, spider mites. With excess moisture, gray rot appears.
Plants of the Gesneriaceae family
For the location of the hypocyrt, a place with a bright, but diffused light is selected. Most suitable. windows on the east or west side.
Scorching sun rays, as in the south window, should not hit the foliage. The only exception can be the winter period, when the activity of the sun is minimal, and the plant needs additional lighting.
In the same place, you need to direct an ordinary lamp at the flower (from a half-meter distance) or install a phytolamp.
Diseases and pests
In winter, when the flower is kept warm, clusters of dark insects. aphids can appear on the leaves. Only cool air can prevent their development.
To remove pests in case of early detection, easily with cotton wool and a soap-alcohol solution. Of industrial preparations, spraying with “Aktara”, “Iskra” or “Fitoverm” is suitable.
The following problems arise from violations of the rules of care:
- The shedding of all foliage without regard to flowering occurs from cold and excess moisture in the soil.
- Yellow foliage is observed from hot summer sun, low humidity or excess fertilizer.
- From constant lighting, even during the period, the leaves can curl up and turn yellow in places.
- Brown spots appear on the leaves from cold water.
- Over-spraying promotes powdery mildew, a gray, mildew-like coating over the entire surface of the plant. I stop spraying, remove the affected shoots, and the rest of the flower is treated with an antifungal drug.
- A sign of a complex violation of care (lighting, watering, fertilizing) is the absence of flowering. There may be no buds on a healthy plant, and if the shoots are not cut in spring.
Care after purchase
After the purchase, the hypocyr should be given at least 2 weeks to adapt to the new microclimate. It is better to keep it separate from other indoor flowers in the so-called quarantine. Such a measure prevents from infestation by pests that could enter the house along with the soil of a new plant.
The need for a transplant depends on the condition of the nematanthus and the time of year. In the spring, it is better to transplant a safely adapted flower into fertile soil and cut it off a little. This stimulates the growth of new lateral shoots and the beginning of flowering.
In winter, it is better to remove the pot in a cool place and let it rest with sufficient light, since the plant has already prepared for the resting phase, and not for active growth.
Hypocyrtus Tropicana (Nematanthus Tropicana)
Nemanthus Tropicana, unlike other varieties, has large bright flowers. She is loved for its abundant and long flowering.
Best of all for reproduction of hypocyrtes are branches cut off in spring, from which cuttings are formed. On the shoot for rooting, 4-5 gaps are left between the leaves.
After removing the bottom 2 pairs of leaves, the stalk is placed in a glass of water. Rooting requires an elevated air temperature (about 24 ° C).
It should be planted in permanent soil with well-developed roots. A young plant needs careful home care: do not overfill or dry out the soil, remove from drafts or the scorching sun.
If seeds have formed after flowering, then you can try to germinate them. To do this, they are waiting for full ripeness, when the flower is almost completely dry, the seeds are collected and dried.
In the spring, the seeds are planted in moist seedling soil and covered with foil. The seeds will germinate in a few weeks at an air and soil temperature of 25 ° C. It is recommended to water the ground from below by immersion in a container of water. To do this, wide holes are made at the bottom in advance.
The pick is carried out with sprouts with 4 full leaves. While the plants are small, you can plant them in several pieces in one pot for splendor. Flowers are quite capable of dissolving an already one-year-old nematanthus.
Hypocyrtle care will vary slightly depending on the time of year. In the summer, you need to devote more time to frequent watering and spraying. And in winter you will have to find a cool place without drafts with good lighting.
An excellent composition for hypocyrtes will be soil for Saintpaulias (violets). If you prepare the soil yourself, you will have to mix the same amount of leafy earth, sand, humus and peat.
The finished mixture should be disinfected to prevent the development of pest larvae. Calcining the soil in the oven is suitable (30 minutes).
Another option is to spill it with potassium permanganate solution or at least boiling water. Ideally, the disinfected soil should be left for 2 weeks in room conditions to restore beneficial microflora.
Types of nematanthus (hypocyrtes)
Any kind of nematanthus (pictured below) will become an exquisite home decoration. Among them, it is easy to choose both varieties for ampelous cultivation, and varieties that successfully bloom in a pot on a windowsill.
Top dressing for nematanthus
The fertilization schedule for nematanthus should be fully consistent with the stages of plant development. From October to February, during the dormant period, fertilizer should not be applied in any form. But during the period of active growth, especially when releasing young shoots and throughout the entire flowering stage, nematanthus need rather frequent feeding. For them, it is advisable to use the full dose of fertilizers recommended by the manufacturer, applying them with a frequency of 10 or 15 days between procedures. It is not worth feeding this culture more often than once every 10 days.
For nematanthus, special fertilizers are most suitable for flowering crops with an increased amount of potassium and phosphorus.
Caring for nematanthus at home
Nematanthuses are not at all capricious and overly demanding indoor crops. Even their exotic status and outlandish flowering are not signs that the cultivation of these plants will be beyond the power of inexperienced growers. But since this culture needs regular and very careful care, reacts poorly to improper watering and feeding, requires annual pruning, carelessness in growing nematanthus is unacceptable. The only difficulty associated with creating conditions comfortable for any nematanthus is to ensure a cool wintering, which is the key to the abundant flowering of this indoor plant.
In the development of nematanthus, periods of rest, active development and preparation for flowering are pronounced. In nature, nematanthus bloom in summer, and in indoor culture, the period during which the bushes are decorated with outlandish flowers stretches for a very long time until October. After dropping flowers, and in some species and complete dropping of leaves, the plant begins a winter dormant period, which should be accompanied by a change in temperature and care.
Nematanthus. spectacular beauties with goldfish
Popularly nicknamed “lingonberries” or “goldfish”, nematanthus is one of the most spectacular indoor crops with beautiful flowering. Plants that develop in the form of compact bushes or ampels conquer equally with dense shiny leaves of a dark color, and flowers, the unusual shape of which really resembles goldfish. Despite their growing popularity, these plants remain full-fledged indoor exotics. And the point is not only that the bright appearance of nematanthus favorably distinguishes it from tropical competitors. Growing them is not at all difficult, but they require very careful, thorough care.
Nematanthus gregarius (Nematanthus gregarius). © floradania
Lighting for nematanthus
Nematanthus can be considered light-loving indoor plants. They love stable lighting throughout the year: in seasons when most indoor plants suffer from a lack of light, nematanthuses need to be either supplemented or moved to brighter places. In winter, this culture is not afraid of even the sunniest places and southern windowsills. In the active period of growth and flowering, the lightest locations on the eastern and western window sills or in the lightest parts of the interior with panoramic windows are chosen for them. the nematanthus needs to be provided with stable bright diffused lighting.
Despite the fact that the density of the nematanthus leaves in many ways resembles the most hardy succulents, this plant does not tolerate direct sunlight, suffers greatly from burns when placed on windowsills with a southern orientation without appropriate dispersion. Nematanthus can only accept light shading during the hottest months of the year. Normal partial shade or shade will cause the plant to bloom much more poorly, or even provoke its absence. But on the other hand, partial shading does not affect the beauty of the leaves.
One of the main advantages of nematanthus is the ability to grow in both natural bright light and full artificial light equally well. Thanks to its good response to artificial lighting, this culture can be used in interior decoration as you like.
The most difficult in growing nematanthus is the selection of comfortable temperature conditions. In this regard, the plants are not much different from other flowering indoor plants, in the development of which a period of almost complete dormancy is pronounced. The phase in development that the plant needs to rest and prepare for future flowering requires the creation of cool conditions. In winter, only the temperature range from 14 to 16 degrees Celsius will be comfortable for the nematanthus. Stability, constancy of temperatures is no less important than their specific indicators.
If the nematanthus is dormant in a warmer environment, it will bloom very poorly, for a limited summer period, or may not bloom at all. Usually, the plant itself signals that it should be transferred to cooler conditions. After the nematanthus has dropped all the flowers, for some species of the former hypocyrtes. and leaves, the plants need mandatory annual pruning, after which they should be placed already in the winter keeping regime.
But on the other hand, in the warm season and at the stage of active development, the nematanthus will not require any atypical conditions. These crops are quite comfortable in the usual “room” temperature range: from early spring to mid-autumn, they are content with any conditions not exceeding 20 degrees Celsius. These plants, as a rule, achieve the greatest decorativeness and abundance of flowers at a stable temperature of 20 to 25 degrees Celsius. If the temperature drops below 20 degrees, the flowering of plants may stop.
When choosing the right temperatures for keeping nematanthus, it must be remembered that this exotic, despite all its classic beauty, is very sensitive to temperature extremes and fluctuations in keeping conditions. Sharp cold snaps are especially dangerous for nematanthus, but heat also adversely affects the ability of plants to bloom for a long time and abundantly. This culture should be protected in every possible way from any drafts and sudden temperature changes.
True, intolerance even to the slightest drafts is surprisingly combined in nematanthus with a love of fresh air in summer, in the hottest months. Thanks to the latter characteristic, nematanthus can be placed in sheltered outdoor areas.
Nematanthus gregarius (Nematanthus gregarius). © Barbara
Unlike most indoor crops with such succulent, fleshy leaves, nematanthus needs to be pruned annually. Forming shearing on the plant is carried out at the end of the active growth stage, immediately after flowering is complete, and usually at the beginning of leaf shedding in the species formerly known as hypocyrtes. Without annual pruning, nematanthus will not only lose the beauty and density of the crown, its silhouette, density, but also the nature of foliage towards a more rare arrangement of leaves. But the most important consequences always relate to flowering. Nematanthuses produce flowers on young shoots, therefore, without pruning before the dormant stage, they will bloom very poorly or will not bloom at all.
The trimming procedure itself is extremely simple. All shoots of this plant are shortened by 1/3 of the length. For old nematanthus in need of rejuvenation, pruning is carried out 1/2 of the length of the branches.
Flawless greenery and outlandish nematanthus blooms
There is a lot of confusion associated with the name nematanthus. Today, plants formerly known as hypocyrta are also ranked in the same genus with the original species of South American cultures, belonging to the group of nematanthus. Despite the fact that in the genus of nematanthus, separate groups of plants are still distinguished according to the peculiarities of the structure of flowers and inflorescences, they are all surprisingly similar to each other both in growth forms and in the type and attractiveness of foliage.
On sale, the name “hypocyrt” is still very common in our country. But according to all modern botanical classifications, it is more appropriate to call this plant nematanthus. Popular nicknames, which glorify the similarity of flowers with either goldfish or lingonberries, are relevant for all plants belonging to this genus. Popular and English-language name ‘Goldfish plant’.
Despite the fact that exotic flowering remains the most striking detail in the appearance of nematanthus, these plants can rightfully be called crops in which flowers of outlandish shape and beautiful classic fleshy leaves are equally attractive. During flowering, the nematanthus really seems to be a real miracle: on a luxurious crown of dark leaves and elegant shoots, somewhat reminiscent of noble boxwoods, original yellow or orange flowers flare up.
In nature, nematanthuses develop as epiphytic dwarf shrubs or full-fledged vines. But plants adapted for growing in greenhouses and rooms are mostly formed as shrubs. Compact, elegant and dense bushes of numerous straight, rising, climbing or creeping shoots conquer with a very dense, attractive crown with beautiful growth forms. All nematanthus are compact-sized plants, even at a considerable age they do not exceed 10-60 cm in height.But rather modest sizes are not a drawback, but rather a huge advantage of this culture.
Nematanthus are characterized by a unique ability to harmonize space, favorably influence the visual perception of rooms, and create a feeling of greater spaciousness. At the same time, medium-sized forms do not allow the plant to have a negative impact on the interior, and bright details of the exterior allow these cultures to always and everywhere remain noticeable and important accents. Amazingly beautiful silhouettes and graceful forms of nematanthus are best revealed as solo, elegant interior decorations.
Climbing or creeping shoots of nematanthus are able to root in nodes, are densely leafy, and the type of structure of the branches and the nature of the placement of leaves resembles boxwood or lingonberries and blueberries. Denser, fleshy, succulent leaves are not so small (from 3 to 10 cm), glossy and as if shiny surface favorably distinguish nematanthus against the background of other indoor crops. The leaves of the plant are obovate or elliptical, beautiful, with a deep midrib. The intense dark green color contrasts effectively with the purple or light underside and is accentuated by a glossy sheen.
These evergreen crops adorn with strikingly noble textures of greenery, conquer with severity, simplicity and at the same time impeccable appearance. A spectacular dark green background during almost the entire warm season is colored with bizarre flowers, the shape of which outwardly makes them look more like wax fruits or unusual berries. Outlandish nematanthus flowers bloom right in the axils of the leaves. They are tubular, with a narrowed, almost completely closing pharynx, unusual dense textures and an original bulge in the lower part.
The -like shape of the corolla with swelling in different types of nematanthus is expressed differently: among them there are plants with a more modest and classic appearance, and more original and unusual ones. But the flowers of this plant do not leave anyone indifferent. They evoke many associations with pears, cannon, animals, various berries and tropical fruits. The unusual flowering of nematanthus is only emphasized by the fiery palette of colors. Yellow, orange and orange-red replace each other in soft watercolor variations, and the play of halftones and individual nuances of the color scheme makes the plants even more interesting.
Southern Nematanthus (Nematanthus australis). © floradania
Species diversity of nematanthus
This plant belongs to the Gesneriev family. The genus is represented by 28 species, which are often combined into separate subgroups according to flowering characteristics. In room culture, 7-8 species are common.
- Nematanthus Wettsteinii is the most common species. It used to be known as hypocyrtes. hypocyrta dusenii and hypocyrta wettsteinii. This is an excellent ampelous and potted culture, producing numerous climbing shoots up to 90 cm long, on which small oval brightly shiny leaves flaunt. They conquer with a waxy glossy surface and a rich dark green color. Between the leaves, orange-red tubular flowers with a slight swelling look like strange fruits, reaching about 2.5 cm in length.This nematanthus is able to bloom tirelessly from spring to mid-autumn.
- Much less common is Nematanthus fritschii, better known as the “goldfish”, and formerly called hypocyrta fritschii. This is a rather large species with beautiful green leaves decorated with a reddish underside with a light edging, forming bushes up to 60 cm high with bright pink, funnel-shaped, unusually curved flowers and very large leaves.
- Riverine nematanthus (Nematanthus fluminensis) is an excellent climbing houseplant with rather large, opposite leaves up to 10 cm long, with a purple underside. The flowers of this species are elongated, lemon-yellow, up to 5 cm in length, with an expanded pharynx, unlike most nematanthuses, and a tube pubescent outside.
- Ankle nematanthus (Nematanthus longipes) is a climbing shrub with unusually light and large leaves for this genus, reaching 7-10 cm in length, almost the same long thin pedicels and single scarlet-red flowers with a strong swelling on the tube.
- Small-bristled nematanthus (Nematanthus strigillosus), formerly known as hypocyrta glabra and hypocyrta strigillosa. an evergreen epiphyte, limited to a height of 20-25 cm, with erect ascending or straight leaves, rarely with ovine leaves and blooming one by one or in bunches of up to 3 pieces of tubular flowers. The tube has a globular bulge, a small bend corolla, and a classic yellow-orange color.
Hybrid nematanthus, which, thanks to long-term selection, have acquired an expressive, very strong smell, should be separately noted. A rare but unique variety “Santa Teresa”, for example, produces a few flowers that can fill even a large room with an intense aroma, reminiscent of a mixture of olive oil and citrus zest. But the hybrid nematanthus Tropicana, in addition to the beauty of glossy, densely sitting leaves, offers to admire the yellow-orange flowers with spectacular golden and red stripes and is more famous not for the aroma, but for the beauty of the flowers.
Nematantus “Goldfish”: how to grow at home
Nematantus is a genus of the Gesneriaceae family, growing in the form of lianas, dwarf shrubs and shrubs. Natural conditions. the tropics of the southern regions of America. The home flower nematanthus, also called the Goldfish, is grown in hanging containers.
It is able to accumulate moisture, can grow as an epiphyte (with support) or semi-efipitis (without support). Bright flowers of an unusual shape on a dark green background attract many.
Growing a flower
Consider in detail the care of the nematanthus flower at home.
How nematanthus reproduces
For propagation of nematanthus, achenes and cuttings can be used, the second option is easier. The nodes of this plant take root on their own, they need to be cut off and planted, after cutting off the lower leaves.
The soil in the pot should be neutral or slightly acidic, from two parts of leafy soil, one part of sand, peat, humus. Moss or pieces of wood can be added to increase looseness.
For transplanting nematanthus, the soil is the same, but the capacity is larger. If the plant is old, there is no point in replanting it. You can divide the roots, plant all the delenki in one container.
This plant loves bright, diffused light (but not sunshine on the south side). The best option is a window sill in the east or west. During active growing season, the temperature is not higher than 25 ° C, in cold weather up to 15 ° C. Nematanthus is a tropical plant, therefore, regular spraying is required in any season.
Nematantus. the original plant “goldfish
Among flower growers, a plant with flowers similar to a goldfish has become popular. Caring for nematanthus at home is no more difficult than for other indoor plants. Everything you need to know about growing it is described in this article.
Native habitat. South America. Representative of the Gesnerian family. The genus of nematanthus includes herbaceous plants with creeping shoots and succulent shrubs. In the wild. semi-epiphyte or epiphyte.
Leaves in the form of an ellipse, glossy, saturated green on top, purple or burgundy below. Erect shoots, as they grow, they bend under their own weight, hang down. Flowers sit on a short peduncle. The buds are up to 5 cm, the petals grow together inward, forming a flower similar in shape to a goldfish. For this, the flower received the nickname. nematanthus “goldfish”. Color ranges from pinkish and orange to red.
Blooms for a long time. Blooms immediately after winter, buds appear until November. It is grown in flower pots or hanging pots in the form of a beautiful ampelous plant. The height of a bush of any variety is no more than 60 cm.
In natural conditions, there are 28 representatives of the family. Not all are used as indoor plants. The following varieties are considered the most suitable for an apartment.
Nematantus Gregarius. It is this species that is called the goldfish. The bush is small. Leaves are dark deep in color. Inflorescences are colored orange-red. The most common variety among the Gesneriaceae.
Nematantus Weistein. The lashes are long. up to 90 cm. The leaves are small, glossy, of a very expressive color. Flowers. orange, tubular. Blooms longer than other species.
Riverine nematantus. Differs in rather large elliptical leaves. Flowers are bright, yellow, bloom in the axils of the leaves.
Nematantus Tropicana. A characteristic feature is an interesting color of flowers. Brown stripes stand out against the orange background. Pointed leaves, dark.
Additionally, breeders have bred hybrids. Most of them are distinguished by the beauty of flowering.
Important! In general, this is an unpretentious plant. Nematantus easily adapts to the conditions of the apartment. But for a friendly flowering, a dormant period is needed. In the cold season, the flower is kept cool (16 ° C), in a bright room, periodically watered. The bookmark of flower buds is stimulated by additional illumination.
Description of the genus
Any kind of nematanthus flower attracts attention with fleshy, small, very dark leaves and flowers, reminiscent of wax fruits. They are tubular in shape, with a bulge and an almost closed pharynx. All species bloom for a long time and profusely.
Varieties of nematanthus
At home, nematanthus is grown:
- Vetstaina. the most common, grown as a pot and ampelous. Shoots-lashes up to 90 cm, with small oval glossy leaves. Tubular flowers in the axils, buds bloom in spring, flowering continues until autumn.
- Gregarius (flower nematanthus goldfish). new shoots are straight, hang down with increasing length, resembling lingonberry whips. Epileptic foliage is glossy, the lower surface of the plates may have a purple tint. Red or orange flowers look like aquarium fish. The buds bloom in early spring, flowering continues until late autumn.
- Fritsch is a relatively large variety (height up to 0.6 m), the leaves are large, the lower surface of the plates has a red tint and a barely noticeable down. The flowers are pink, very bright, the look resembles curved funnels.
- Riverine nematanthus. opposite leaves in the form of an ellipse have a purple reverse side, yellow flowers with a lemon shade are elongated, unfolded (the main difference from other varieties).
- Ankle nematanthus. climbing shoots, leaves unusually light, red tubular flowers strongly swollen.
- Small-bristled nematanthus is a low epiphyte (no more than 25 cm) with sparse, not too branched, straight or ascending shoots. Inflorescence bundles, orange flower-tubes have a swelling in the form of a ball.
- Santa Teresa. the variety is not widespread, it has a strong citrus or olive aroma of flowers;
- Tropicana. dense glossy foliage, yellow flowers have red and golden stripes (see photo of nematanthus).
Favorable conditions. humidity, diffused lighting, looseness and moisture of the soil. Adhering to the recommended microclimate and care parameters, they achieve amicable flowering and active growth.
- Lighting. The light is diffused, but bright. In clear weather, avoid exposure to the open sun. The best option is east or west.
- Temperature. In the warm season, room temperature. In winter. an artificial rest period at a temperature not higher than 16 ° C.
- Humidity. Grows best in high humidity conditions. The flower is regularly sprayed, if possible, several times a day. Additional measures. covering radiators with a wet cloth, using electronic humidifiers.
- Watering. Water abundantly in the spring. In the summer, use the method of immersing the pot in a container of warm water for 10-20 minutes. The intensity of watering is reduced in proportion to the decrease in temperature. Maintain light soil moisture throughout the winter.
- The soil. Loose, “breathing” soils with a neutral reaction are used. A slightly acidic reaction is acceptable. Peat, humus, deciduous soil, sand are mixed. For loosening, add crushed sphagnum and coal.
- Transfer. Young plants are transplanted as they grow. Each time they use the pot a little more than before. Old bushes are rejuvenated by cuttings. A drainage layer is made at the bottom of the pot to drain excess liquid.
- Pruning. Flower buds are laid on young shoots. Permanent flowering is achieved by systematic pruning. Prune the plant twice a year. in the spring and at the end of flowering.
Advice! Some flower growers recommend adding ¼ tsp per liter of water when watering. complex mineral fertilizer. In the growth and flowering phase, the dosage can be increased by 2-3 times. The amount of fertilizer depends on the age of the flower.