The beginning of going for a walk with the puppy. during this period, the puppy is very dependent on its owner. It is at this time that it is necessary to begin educational training.
What is puppy training?
Educational training of a puppy is the use of various exercises to form motivations necessary for further work, and advanced preparation for crises of the next age periods.
If the age crisis points are passed incorrectly, the dog may develop problematic behavior, which will lead to many different difficulties in everyday life.
Therefore, we can say that the main task of the first and second periods of a puppy’s life is to prepare for the crisis of dependence of the puppy on the owner, from which the third period begins.
Raising a puppy at 2-3 months
How to start raising a puppy? Owners often start teaching the puppy specific commands right away, but this is the wrong approach. First of all, it is necessary to develop such qualities in a puppy as:
- Trust in a person
- Switching attention
The main positive motivations in dog training are food and prey. And they should be developed in a puppy. It is necessary to develop different types of movement of the dog, encouraging it with food. Movements need to be gradually translated into normative ones. to set, lay, seat the dog. At the same time, the puppy learns to understand what he should do in response to the manipulations of the owner. Do not enter voice commands at this stage.
The puppy should be taught:
- Follow hand with feed;
- Follow the hand with food while touching it with the other hand. this will teach the puppy not to react to extraneous stimuli;
- Respond to a leash jerk by increasing attention span.
Raising and training a puppy by months in the first year of life
The first year of a puppy’s life is a very crucial period, since it is at this time that the character of the dog, its relationship with the owner and all further behavior are formed. It depends on how the owner behaves with the puppy from the very beginning of their communication, whether the dog will obey the owner and obey the commands.
And therefore, it is very important immediately, as soon as the puppy appears in your house, to start working with him, teach commands, train.
In order for the upbringing and training of a puppy to be successful, you need to know at what periods of life he is ready to learn certain commands, this or that training.
Raising a puppy at 3-5 months
When you start taking the dog for a walk, the training should be continued on the street. By this time, the puppy should be trained to follow the hand with the food.
The next exercise is to train the puppy to follow the owner with the food while the other person distracts him. Other dogs can also serve as a distraction. The puppy should be taught to concentrate on some stimuli and not pay attention to others. It is also important for a pet to be able to quickly switch attention from one object to another, to which the owner is pointing.
At this stage, voice commands are gradually introduced.
The command execution diagram in a simplified form can be represented as follows:
The reward should be those factors in which the dog is interested.
When introducing voice commands, you need to be especially careful not to reinforce the dog’s wrong behavior in response to the command and impact. Note that the dog perceives the reward as reward for his very last act.
Subsequently, exposure (food, hands, leash, etc.) must be excluded and the dog must learn to act only in response to the command.
From 5 months
The beginning of the puppy’s desire for autonomy. the puppy is trying to become independent and his training is especially important. This period may start unexpectedly for the owner. The puppy begins to run away from the owner, to run after other dogs, to be distracted by extraneous factors. At this time, raising a puppy can go in two different ways. either the owner decides to simply lower the dog from the leash less often, or he is intensively engaged in training and education of the puppy. The first option can sooner or later lead to many problems with the pet. The second approach, training, is the only adequate and correct approach in raising a dog.
We do not take into account the time when the puppy is still with the breeder, since little depends on the future owner of the dog during this period.
And the future fate of the dog depends on how you will deal with the puppy from the moment he is at your home, how you build his training and upbringing. the habits laid down at this time can become the basis of either the excellent qualities of the dog or future problems.
It is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of the puppy’s behavior in each of the periods, and based on these characteristics, build work on raising the puppy by months.
Important Points to Consider When Training Your Puppy
You can train and educate from the first day the puppy appears in the house. But since a puppy up to 3 months old is still small, and his coordination of movements differs from an adult dog, in this regard, it is not necessary to make strict requirements. Now you are just building the foundation of a strong relationship with your pet.
From 3-4 months of age, when the puppy can already control his movements, he gains self-control and energy, go with him to the site, choose an experienced instructor and continue training at a higher level. Now you can practice teams by making more demands and making your classes more productive.
8 Week Old Puppy Training. 5 Exercises To Get You Started!
It is erroneous to believe that a puppy should have a childhood when he can do anything, and at the age of 5-6 months you can take on his training. A puppy accustomed to idleness and impunity for bad behavior will be very surprised that suddenly someone began to command in his independent life, so often dogs that were not trained in early childhood are less susceptible to training in later life: not every owner able to force a spoiled dog to comply with his requirements.
Should the puppy have a “childhood”, or When to start training
Education and training
Puppy training includes two components. education and training.
Upbringing is instilling in a puppy certain manners and rules of good behavior. which he will need in everyday life next to the owner, education takes place daily, while communicating with the puppy.
During upbringing, the owner teaches the dog to make independent decisions, not relying only on the owner’s commands, for example, patiently waiting before feeding instead of jumping onto his arms or not climbing on the sofa. The dog must make the right choice without waiting for the owner’s command.
The rules of behavior are a natural norm in any society, and the owner should take into account that the puppy will only need to fix these requirements on a daily basis, which does not require additional rewards.
Training, unlike upbringing, is some skills and reflexes that are developed in a puppy for a specific command, and for the successful development of these reflexes and their consolidation, there must be a reward for each correctly performed action.
Where to begin?
Enter the rules that are important to you in the house, for example, you cannot chew on shoes, you cannot sleep on the couch, you can only play with your toys, etc.
Start training your puppy with simple and important commands: “place”, “to me”, “sit”. this is an important basis for future training at an older age.
Never be angry with a puppy for not following commands or for his “dirty tricks”. Be patient and consistent, this is the only way you will achieve good results.
Work with the puppy often, but with breaks, so that the dog is always ready for training, happily fulfills the commands and does not forget that you can ask him for something at any time.
Reward your puppy for following the command. Try using a clicker for training. this tool will speed up learning.
Don’t make your dog a beggar
Many puppies begin to beg quite actively when family members or the owner are eating. Never, under any circumstances, feed your puppy from the table or near the table. Don’t do it yourself and don’t let anyone else do it. It is enough just once to treat the dog with something from the table during breakfast, lunch or dinner, and you will get a beggar dog, which will not only look at you with sad eyes and salivate near the table, but also be sure to check what is left on it when you leave the kitchen.
Train your puppy to the spot
As your own place, which the puppy should have, you can choose a bedding, a soft mattress of a small size, a bed, a soft booth, a cage or a container. The main condition for choosing is the comfort and convenience of the pet.
Place the place for the puppy in a cozy corner of the house or apartment, it should not be in the kitchen, not on the aisle and away from heating devices. Each time, taking the puppy to the place or sending him there, reinforce his actions with a treat and affectionate words. If the puppy settles down to rest in other places of your house, carefully carry it to the place, stroke it and say a couple of affectionate words.
A place for a dog is her little home, in which she should be calm, comfortable and safe. It is to this perception of the dog’s place that you need to strive.
Never punish a dog by sending it to its place, and even more so do not punish or disturb the dog when it is in its place.
Where to begin?
Teach your puppy to be hygienic
The first time walking with the puppy is undesirable. It is recommended to stay at home until the end of the vaccination procedure, so mark the puppy’s natural needs during this time. This could be an absorbent diaper, an old towel, or a tray. They need to be placed near the front door. Push the awakened, playing or eating puppy to this place or carry it in your arms. Wait for the puppy to do his thing, and then do not change the diaper or wash the litter box for one day. The smell will attract the puppy next time, allowing him to quickly get used to going to the toilet in one place.
As soon as the puppy is allowed to go out for a walk, the litter box or diaper should be removed. It is advisable to take the puppy for a walk as often as possible. Then he will quickly get used to going to the toilet only on the street.
Training and initial education of a puppy
Head of the Sokolniki Cynological Center, Rector of the First Professional Cynological Institute
How timely and correct you approach the upbringing of a puppy depends on its further development, behavior and your mutual understanding. Many people believe that it is necessary to start raising and training a dog after it is 7–8 months old, and before that age it is enough just to walk with the dog, train it at home, on the street and do not particularly strain the puppy with various training exercises. This opinion is wrong. It is necessary to start training and, in general, raising a puppy from the first day the dog appears in the house.
Don’t provoke your dog into destructive behavior
Many puppies have fun using the shoes of the owner and other family members as toys. They taste furniture, electrical wires, curtains, trash cans and flower pots. All this happens due to the fact that the puppy needs play and active actions for development. Puppies are inherently researchers, and, as a rule, they are very fond of trying all the objects of their interest.
What needs to be done to prevent the puppy’s actions from being a devastating disaster for your home? Here are some helpful tips:
- Raise the wires lying on the floor to a height unattainable for the puppy;
- Put your indoor and outdoor shoes in closets. If the puppy is interested in curtains, raise them for a while to the windowsill;
- Provide the dog with toys and take an active part in the game yourself;
- If the puppy can already walk, make sure that the walk is not a slow promenade, but takes place in good dynamics and with dosed physical exertion. Tired after a walk, the puppy will eat and rest with appetite, gaining strength. He will not have time and energy for hooliganism in this regime.
Don’t let your puppy become a leader
Almost all dogs tend to exhibit dominant behavior as they grow older. This can be determined by the following actions:
- The puppy actively bites his hands, while showing imitative aggression for the time being (growls, gets angry, does not react to the prohibition);
- He takes a place on a bed, sofa or chair, and when he tries to send him to the place he resists;
- Does not respond to the ban and tries to climb on the table in search of food;
- Actively resists and tries to bite when examining his ears, teeth, rubbing his paws, combing;
- He growls and guards his food, does not allow him to pick up the bowl;
- The puppy seeks to run out of the house or apartment before you, regardless of the prohibitions;
- He actively tries to impose communication on you, interferes with rest, tirelessly pesters, barks, does not respond to commands;
- Behaves unnecessarily independently during a walk, does not come up at the command “Come to me”, runs away.
How To Start Training Your Puppy!
Your task is to deprive the puppy of the attributes of a leader and try to make him perceive you as a leader and obey you unquestioningly. Only under such conditions it is possible to stop the dominant behavior and eliminate in the future the problems of upbringing and training your dog.
What to do?
When the puppy tries to bite your hand, say loudly: “No”, “You can’t”, “Stop”, “So”, “Be ashamed” (there are a lot of options). and sharply slap the puppy in the face. If you try to renew the bite, repeat the slap, but with more force. As soon as the puppy stops unwanted actions, pet, give a treat, play with him.
Drive the puppy away from the places where the owner and his family members should rest as sharply and with a thunder in your voice. Feel free to slap him on the bottom with a wet rag or towel. There will be no injury, but there will be unpleasant sensations. Send the puppy to the place in a calm voice, there, encourage him with a treat, stroke and praise in a gentle voice.
Ensure that the puppy allows him to examine himself calmly and without resistance. You can start simply by touching the dog and treating it to a treat. Gradually, the procedure should be complicated by adding an examination of the ears, claws, teeth. Reward your puppy with a treat every time if he is calm and doesn’t resist. With active resistance, when neither affectionate persuasion nor a delicacy help, grab the puppy by the withers and shake it well, then continue the examination procedure, and be sure to encourage calm and submissive behavior.
Do not allow him even the slightest display of aggression when eating. Stay close to the puppy at the time of feeding. Remove food from the bowl, and then put it back in the bowl (feeding with ready-made food allows you to do this many times). Teach your puppy a little exposure before admitting it to the bowl of food. To do this, before putting a bowl of food, give the command “Sit” and after a short pause, allow the puppy to eat. Let all family members take turns feeding him, from children to the elderly. When a puppy tries to growl, do not be embarrassed or show fear, because this is just a puppy and cannot cause any serious injury. Your confident demeanor will always make your dog know who is in control.
Going out for a walk, do not let the puppy rush out of the door, restrain him with a leash and a sharp command “Near”. Teach the puppy to go out for a walk in a disciplined manner, for this, show strength of character, and, if necessary, strength.
When trying to impose communication on you, do not succumb to provocation, do not react to the actions of the puppy for a while.
Sometimes indifference and lack of reaction is the best way to avoid provocation from the dog.
If the behavior is very intrusive, ask the puppy to follow a command, and then send him to the place, having previously encouraged. Obsessive behavior can be suppressed by a prohibition, chasing the dog away from you or causing it, albeit a small, but still a nuisance. The dog should associate this annoyance coming from you with his obsessive behavior. Henceforth, she will think well before deciding to prevent you from going about your business.
From the first days of walking with the puppy, practice the command “Come to me” and establish the right relationship with him. Communicate with the puppy on a walk, offer play, closely monitor the puppy’s behavior and correct it in time.
This will help you gain the necessary knowledge and skills that will help you establish proper contact with the dog and educate it competently in the future. At the same time, the puppy will gain experience in communicating with other dogs and will acquire the necessary skills of correct social behavior and obedience.
When the puppy turns 4 months old, be sure to take a course of educational training at a canine school or on a training ground.
Love is born from affection and care, pain gives rise to fear
The same effect in raising and training puppies can be achieved in two ways: through negative reinforcement (that is, the animal does something to avoid punishment, pain) or positive (the animal does something to get a reward for it). Again, the result will be the same, which is why physical methods of influence are so popular in training until now.
The bitter truth is that methods based on physical influence will give an effect faster, because it is instinctively more important for the animal to avoid pain than to receive a treat or caress. However, if you choose this path, then the only feeling that the dog will have for you is fear.
The leader is always consistent and fair
It turned out that it was far from immediately possible to visually identify the leader in the pack. He comes to the fore only when it is necessary to make a decision and lead others, or when one of the animals violates the peace and tranquility, crosses the established boundaries of behavior. The leader almost never uses force or even growls. a glance is literally enough for him to force him to obey. Finally, the leader always remains calm and confident.
Anything that can be broken or damaged must be removed.
Prepare carefully for the puppy’s arrival. Remove all breakable objects, wires, household appliances. Treat the wooden legs of the furniture with a special spray “anti-gryzin”, roll up the carpets, because until all the vaccinations are done, you cannot let the puppy out into the street, and getting used to the diaper will take you some time. All these preparations are important not only for the preservation of your property, but also for the proper education of the puppy.
We are all human, and if a puppy accidentally breaks a vase from the Ming era, few of us will punch our foreheads for not removing it in time. Most will start yelling at a puppy who doesn’t understand anything. And your task is to avoid this at all costs from the very beginning.
Exceptions to the rules. after a firm understanding of the rules themselves
From the very beginning, train your puppy to sleep only on its own bed. Perhaps one of the first rules where to start raising a puppy is to teach him the command “place”. To get started, just repeat this word every time you take your puppy to the bed, and praise him.
At first, you can place the bedding in the room where you sleep yourself, because at first the puppy will be scared in an unfamiliar place for him. Then you can move it to any other quiet corner of the apartment or to the corridor. Do not take your puppy to bed and do not allow him to climb on it, as well as on sofas, armchairs and other upholstered furniture.
This is a taboo until the puppy fully matures and firmly understands the rule: the hill is the place of the leader. The owner can call a well-bred adult dog to lie down next to him on the bed, but also at any time and send it to the place. Such a dog, even if it lies down on the bed in the absence of the owner, immediately gets up calmly and leaves when he appears, like the wolves in our example.
Three signs of a true leader
Two biological species, man and dog, were created by nature for harmonious existence in a hierarchical society. We will not argue whether the hierarchical ladder is fairly built in human society. But let’s take it for granted that in a pack of wolves, the closest relatives of dogs, it is built fairly. This is confirmed by long-term observations of scientists on the behavior of wolves in a pack. And here are the conclusions that are important for us.
How to start raising a puppy?
A lot of literature has been written about raising puppies, and, as a rule, all future dog owners carefully study it. But as soon as the puppy appears in the house, most of the advice either completely disappears from the owner’s head, or he does not understand how to apply them correctly. And the biggest difficulty usually arises with the interpretation of the fundamental principle: the owner must become a leader for his dog. As a rule, no one specifies how to learn this. In fact, it is not difficult at all.
The leader is not the one who is stronger
Physical strength is not always a sign of a leader; it is not for nothing that a female can lead the flock. The leader is sometimes not the most courageous, and not the most experienced, but always the smartest. the one who, in a difficult situation, is able to make the right decision, and to whom all other animals can entrust their well-being.
Spend all your free time talking with the puppy.
The more you interact with your puppy, the stronger your bonds of friendship will become in the future. The main form of communication is play, it is in it that the relationships that are needed to form a harmonious union of man and dog are built. We’ll talk with you about how to play with a puppy, but here’s the main principle: you need to play only with toys, and the more varied these games are, the better.
The most common mistakes when choosing a dog
When choosing a dog, it is important to choose a breed that would suit the personal qualities of the handler. If you are an extremely calm person, phlegmatic and have chosen Malinois, of course, there will be problems. If you are an athlete and have chosen a St. Bernard, there will be a problem. It is important that there is compliance, the chosen dog and the owner’s lifestyle.
Raising a dog: 7 basic rules
Now it’s worth reading this quick guide on how to raise a dog:
- everything that a month old dog can break or spoil is best removed from the field of view. Hiding without fail wires and breakable objects that can cause harm. It is also better to roll up all the carpets, since until all the vaccinations have been made, it is impossible to take the baby out into the street, and toilet training will take a certain amount of time;
- the pet is allowed to eat only from its containers, encouragement only from the hands. There should be a permanent place for the bowls, except for treats that are given in order to encourage good behavior;
- exceptions to the rules are allowed only after the puppy has understood these very rules. For example, you need to teach the kid the command “place” so that he does not climb onto the master’s bed. At first, the baby can be scared, so the bedding is left near the owners’ bed, then it can be moved to another place;
- it is best to spend your free time with your pet, because the more live communication, the more friendly the bonds will be in the future;
- you cannot raise your voice to the puppy. In the perception of an animal, screaming is a sign of powerlessness. You need to deal with a pet in a firm but quiet voice and always with an unblinking and intent gaze;
- pain gives rise to fear, love arises from caress and care. There are two ways to raise an adult dog and puppy: positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement. The essence of the first is that the animal behaves well in order to receive a reward, and not be punished, as in the second case.
And the seventh and last recommendation is that consistency and regularity are important in upbringing. The pet owner must establish clear rules of conduct, consistently seek their implementation.
Important! No family member should be allowed to change these rules.
Team “To me” for a walk
When, walking, the puppy moves away from you at a distance of 7-8 steps, call him. Did the dog pay attention to you? Command “Come to me”. When the puppy comes up to you, praise him, pet him and give him a treat. You need to repeat this exercise about 5 times.
The puppy doesn‘t respond to the nickname? Repeat it, get attention. Give the command “To me” in a louder and more commanding tone. Then show the puppy a treat. Remember that you cannot shout a command and a nickname.!
Does the puppy continue to ignore the command? Call him, step aside quickly, or sit down. This should interest the puppy, he will come up to you. Now you can praise him, treat him and pet him.
How to train an active breed dog to behave calmly
You have a dog of an active breed, so you must provide the dog with an adequate load for its temperament. Exercise and stress on the nervous system, playing sports that are suitable for dogs of this breed. Show the way to meet her needs, which are inherent in the breed.
At the same time, you need to teach the dog to the cage so that it can calmly remain alone in the cage. Of course, a dog cannot be in it all the time. You can be “locked up” for no more than 4 hours, provided that the dog is kept active during the day. The cage should be of such a size that the dog can stand there freely, freely turn around.
If the dog is in a cage, then you can take two short walks (15-20 minutes a day) and add one intense walk to this.
New level of commands “Come to me” and “Take a walk
It is mastered in stages. First, give the command “Come to me” without saying a nickname in front of it. Then increase the distance, which the puppy runs off at the command “Walk”, and the distance from which you give the command to approach you. Increase the proportion of the puppy’s off-leash time, but don’t get too carried away with freedom. Call him if he’s hidden from you or has gone too far.
From a young puppy, do not expect immediate and precise command execution. He may not be quick, but he will fulfill it.
Have you decided to get a dog? This is a great solution. The dog will greet you from work, happily wagging its tail. And forced walks will improve your health. And let’s face it, we all love fuzzies!
However, in reality, it turns out that the decision to have a dog turns out to be not so successful. Beloved Bug destroyed half of the apartment, ate the neighbor’s cat, runs away on a walk and does not come up to us when we call her.
I often see so-called dog owners on the street who can hardly keep up with their dog, because she pulls them by the leash. In parks, you can often hear shouts addressed to the furry bastards, and see other joys of dog lovers.
For some reason, dog owners rarely think about the fact that a puppy, like a child, needs education. Therefore, I decided to talk to a professional trainer and learn first-hand the golden rules for raising dogs.
Professional trainer, instructor-helper. Has been engaged in professional training since 1995. He studied at the Rostov School of Service Dog Breeding of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Until 2003, he worked as an inspector-cynologist at the Center of the Cynological Service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs for the search for explosives, drugs with special-purpose dogs.
Since 2009. a helper-instructor (RKF 759 certificate). Since 2007, 4-time medalist of the Russian Championships among dog handlers of the State Tax Committee, multiple winner in the obedience sections (OBIDIENS 3) and in the defensive section of the competition.
The last result. 2nd place at the Russian Championship in Krasnodar in 2010. The main activity is dog education, behavior correction, sports training in obedience and protection.
When you can and should start raising a puppy
It doesn’t matter what breed we are talking about, be it a husky, toy terrier, dachshund, corgi, jack russell, chihuahua, german shepherd, husky, labrador or common mongrel, all dogs can be trained at any age. However, puppies are easier to train than adults. At whatever age a pet appears in a house or apartment, you need to start raising it right away.
Note! Many have difficulties in how to re-educate a dog. This is really difficult, especially if you take a pet from a shelter that has been wandering the streets for a long time.
First, the pet needs to be given a little time to get used to the new living conditions, then it should be accustomed to the nickname and the rules of living in the family.
At what age is it better to start raising puppies
What are social skills for?
There are many tutorials for dummies about raising puppies. Of course, you can get useful information from each source, but do not forget that each pet is individual, with its own characteristics, therefore, the approach should be individual.
Raising and training a dog are important stages in the life of the owner and the dog
Before figuring out how to raise a puppy, you need to understand why an animal needs social skills. Social skills make it a smart family member who:
- will be a faithful friend and guard;
- will relieve themselves in the right place;
- will calmly receive guests;
- will not spoil things and steal food;
And so you can enumerate indefinitely.
We teach the puppy to walk, approach on command, play with peers
The time to master these skills comes when the puppy has completed the entire vaccination course. The collar and leash can begin to be mastered from the age of 3 months, going through the same stages as when mastering the harness. Do not jerk the leash or pull it abruptly: the puppy will hurt, it will become difficult for him to breathe. Choose a collar that is light, 1 cm wide.The leash should have the same width, a light carabiner and a length of 1.5 to 2 m.
To help your puppy easily get used to walking, start with a short walk. Change routes. Do not walk with your puppy near loud noise sources.