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Strong molting in a dog what to do

The dog sheds very much. Grooming, shedding, claw cutting. Labrador.ru dogs

Drying wool with a compressor

An excellent helper during the shedding period of a dog is a compressor for drying wool. We talked about this in more detail in the article “Molting in dogs. Blowing wool with a compressor. Video!”.

There you will find a video instruction and find out why, along with brushing, it is so beneficial to blow a dog’s coat with a hairdryer. As stated above, do not turn on the strong air heating in the compressor during the period of heavy shedding.

Molting in dogs: when it happens

A healthy moult in a dog occurs 2 times a year: in autumn and winter.

Dogs that live in an apartment can shed for a whole year, but this will not be as noticeable as those of those pets that live on the street. This is due to the fact that pets feel differently the change in temperature, which has a great influence on the density of the dog’s undercoat.

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How to speed up?

The only way to speed up the natural procedure is to mechanically help it, that is, try to remove dead hairs from the skin as quickly as possible. Tools familiar to every owner can help with this. a variety of combs, brushes, slickers, furminators.

The most suitable item on the list is the Furminator, a relatively new invention that has won the love of dog lovers around the world. This is a comb that looks like a comb, but it is based on a blade and sharp teeth, which, when combed along the hair growth, remove the entire undercoat without touching the axial hair, that is, without damaging the appearance of the pet’s fur coat. You can use accessories already during the first molt of the puppy, the main thing is to choose the correct size and length of the teeth.

Vitamin supplementation will be an important part of pre-winter care. Remember that only a veterinarian can prescribe them after careful research, since an overdose will lead to hypervitaminosis, which is no less dangerous than vitamin deficiency.

How many times a year should a dog normally shed and at what time?

How many times a year do dogs change their fur? Normally, molt occurs twice a year. in autumn and spring, and lasts on average 1–2 weeks. During this period, the old wool falls out, and in its place a new “fur coat” is formed, soft and silky. Long-haired dogs shed their hair especially actively.

The puppy’s first autumn molt begins at the age of 6 to 9 months. For the period of active change of the pet’s fur, the owner needs to be patient and have cleaning equipment. You can quickly get rid of the fallen hairs in one way. to carry out wet and dry cleaning daily, preferably twice a day. After about 14 days, the molting process will be completed.

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What if the dog sheds heavily? Care and education

If the dog is completely healthy, then the only factor influencing the shedding of dogs will be the air temperature. By the onset of cold weather, the dog actively begins to change its coat and overgrow with fluff, and in the spring, with the arrival of heat, get rid of it.

If molting lasts a whole year, then the owner should be concerned about the health of his pet. The reasons for the year-round molt can be:

  • avitaminosis;
  • hormonal imbalance;
  • decreased immunity;
  • diseases of the internal organs of the dog;
  • severe stress.

In addition, some dog breeds have long coats with a very thick undercoat. In such dogs, it is difficult to determine at what point the seasonal molt began, so many owners think that this happens all year round. These dogs need help to get rid of excess fluff with the help of special combs.

If a dog that does not have a “luxurious fur coat” begins to shed all year round, then you should seek advice from a veterinarian. If the disturbed hormonal balance can be restored through proper nutrition and long active walks in the fresh air, then reasons such as diseases of internal organs require high-quality diagnosis and long-term treatment with special drugs.

A short-term molt that occurs during the off-season can also become an alarming sign. For example, the dog began to shed its fur heavily in winter, at the beginning of severe frosts. Or suddenly began to go bald in the summer, after a seasonal shedding.

If, in addition to molting, the dog began to smell unpleasant, then, most likely, this is a violation of the sebaceous glands. This disease can be caused by both improper diet and the use of low-quality shampoos and conditioners.

Occasionally, severe out-of-season molting can indicate a dog’s allergy. For example, after changing the food, introducing a new product or a new delicacy into the diet, you may notice that the dog began to itch more often, from which the fur was sprinkled from it. In this case, the allergy can be in the dog and non-food. For example, eating the usual food, the dog began to shed its hair, itch, redness and increased salivation are observed. This means that the source of the allergy either flies in the air or on surfaces with which it comes into contact.

Parasites can also be the cause of non-seasonal molting. Fleas and ticks provoke the dog to comb the bites. Thus, damage appears on the skin, and the hair begins to fall out. In addition, if the dog cannot grow hair and its weight gradually decreases, then most likely it is infected with helminthiasis. In this case, it is recommended to start treatment as soon as possible.

A person who decides to get a dog must be ready for anything. Including the inconvenience caused by molting. To prevent the dog from shedding in the off-season, it is necessary to monitor its health, adhere to proper nutrition, walk more often and longer, ventilate the room and comb the hair.

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Bathing and rules for choosing shampoo

Long-haired dogs are washed once every 3-4 months, but during the period of change of the coat, unscheduled bathing can be done. Wet wool lends itself better to combing. Use your usual shampoo. It is selected according to the breed, length or color of the coat. You can purchase a specialized tool. In such compositions, the protein complex is increased, it makes the new coat soft and silky.

How dogs’ behavior changes during molting?

When dogs begin to molt, new habits develop. They rub against various objects, caress their owners more, and scratch against the grass and earth during walks. So they try to get rid of the interfering “fur coat”. Unpleasant sensations make them more irritable and aggressive.

At home, this behavior is uncomfortable. Wool is everywhere, furniture has to be cleaned constantly. To make life easier for your dog and yourself, follow these tips for taking care of your pet when changing hair.

Express molt

To comb out the dog quickly during molting, you can resort to the “express shedding” procedure. Depending on the venue, its details may vary, but the principle of operation is the same:

  • The dog is combed and bathed using special shampoos, often they are matched to the breed.
  • Treatment of the body with a special mask that warms the upper layers of the epidermis. After that, the dog is wrapped in a blanket for a while. The task of this stage is to steam the skin.
  • Washing off the composition and drying the wool. Part of the wool will be blown out of the bulbs with a stream of air.
  • Combing out. Most of the fur will be brushed away.

Such a procedure not only eliminates the need to clean hair in the house and makes the dog tidy, but also reduces the risk of skin pathologies and the appearance of diaper rash.

Additional vitamins

There are no shedding vitamins for dogs. By replenishing the deficiency of nutrients, you can get rid of non-seasonal problems, but changing wool twice a year cannot be canceled. However, it is necessary to give vitamins during this period, they will allow you to quickly grow a beautiful and healthy coat. The complex should contain vitamins:

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  • group B (they accelerate hair growth);
  • D (promotes the absorption of calcium);
  • C (favorably affects blood vessels, improves follicular blood flow);
  • E (improves the condition of the epidermis).

It will be useful in the complex of niacin, it moisturizes the skin. When choosing an additive, be guided by the composition and the amount of elements it contains. Such complexes as “Vit Total” and “Super Wool” have proven themselves well.

When to Seek Veterinarian Help?

A change in coat out of season can have many natural causes, but the presence of accompanying symptoms is a signal of illness. See your doctor if:

  • Dandruff appeared during shedding. The reasons for this may be fungi, helminth infection, metabolic disorders.
  • The pet itches a lot. Itching provokes allergies, fleas, dermatological diseases and hormonal disruptions. Discomfort makes the dog irritable, there is a risk of secondary infection.
  • The dog has lost weight. This is a nonspecific symptom that indicates both the presence of parasites in the body and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. You need to be examined by a specialist.
  • Wool falls out intensively in tufts.
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Her types

Nature provides for a change of wool twice a year: in autumn and spring. In the first case, the new coat grows with a good undercoat, in the second, the dog gets rid of it. This is the basis of animal thermoregulation, this process is called seasonal molting. Also distinguish:

  • Off-season molt. It is not tied to the changing seasons and is more common in domestic dogs. They are sensitive to climatic conditions, home environment. For example, the body can begin to get rid of the undercoat by turning on the batteries. If the process lasts no more than 10 days, just help the pet cleanse the skin, clean the apartment more often. If the process is delayed, you observe a slowdown in hair growth, the appearance of bald spots, a change in the structure of the coat, contact a specialist, get tested.
  • Age-related hair loss occurs in dogs over 8 years old. The body accumulates a deficiency of vitamins, the hairline becomes dull, thinning. To help your pet, supplement its diet with complex vitamins.
  • Painful shedding is not a natural process. It can take place at any time of the year and lasts a long time. At the same time, wool falls out unevenly, new wool grows slowly. Bald spots, dandruff, dermatitis and eczema appear. Only a veterinarian can handle this.

Combing out

Inexperienced dog breeders, having met with the change of hair for the first time, ask: “How to comb a dog when moulting?” You need to purchase a special brush, it should have frequent metal teeth, furminators are well suited for fluffy breeds, for pets with short hair, take a slicker, it is softer in relation to the skin.

Brush your dog regularly by brushing from head to tail. The procedure will not only reduce the amount of hair scattered around the apartment, but also make the pet’s life easier, since some breeds cannot get rid of dead hairs on their own. African greyhounds, shepherd dogs are prone to felting, tangles form without grooming, they will have to be cut out. This will lead to an unaesthetic appearance and increase the risk of follicular formation.

If your pet does not allow you to comb it out correctly, use special slicker mittens. They will not unravel the tangles, but will help in picking up excess hair. Long-haired dogs can be taken to a professional procedure once a season.

What is molting in dogs, and how to properly care for a pet during this period?

Changing fur is a normal process, but it is inconvenient for pet owners. How long does a dog shed? What to do if your dog sheds heavily?

How does pet care change during this period? When does the process cease to be physiological? Do I need to seek medical help?

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