Do I need a special shampoo
Can I wash my dog while molting? Of course it is possible and even necessary. After bathing, the old coat is removed much faster, so the shedding process is shortened. But you should not get too carried away with washing: dandruff forms on dry skin, and this creates additional problems. Dandruff during shedding can be eliminated with a special moisturizing shampoo.
REFERENCE! You can use any shampoo to bathe your pet during molting, but it is better to use products specially designed for shedding dogs or products containing proteins (including conditioners and balms). A complex of dog hair care products will make the time-consuming process much easier.
What to feed?
How else can you deal with old dog hair? In order for the molt to pass faster, the animal must be provided with good food, preferably natural, with a predominance of protein, from which the wool becomes strong and shiny. Therefore, in the pet’s diet, you need to include meat and offal, which can be given raw.
how much my 150 POUND dog sheds
REFERENCE! Also in the diet should be fish oil, liver, cereals and vegetables, legumes, yeast, containing all the vitamins and minerals necessary for the animal during this period. You can also feed your dog good quality dry food such as Hills, Royal Canin, Proplan, Origen, Eukanuba, Belkando, etc.
When it happens and how long?
Dogs shed in autumn and spring, that is, 2 times a year. How long does the spring moult last? From 2 to 3 weeks, but in some cases it may take a little longer. Autumn molt lasts longer than spring molt, but during this period wool falls much less than in spring. After winter, the opposite happens, as the dog gets rid of its thick undercoat and old awn.
When does spring molt begin in young animals? Puppies usually begin to shed after 6-7 months of age. At the same age, the first autumn molt occurs in dogs that were born in the spring. How long molting lasts in spring also depends on what breed the dog belongs to, on the state of its health, diet, etc.
Advice time: what to do for the owner
The beginning of the spring or autumn molt can be seen on the wool lying on the floor and on upholstered furniture, as well as on the changed behavior of the dog. How does the behavior of an animal change during molting? The dog begins to scratch heavily, rub against pieces of furniture, roll on the ground on the street. What should the owner do in the spring, when molting has begun, how to speed it up and how to help the animal get rid of excess hair faster? Read about it below.
Dogs that don’t shed
For people for whom dog shedding is a problem, it is better to choose an animal belonging to one of the breeds that almost do not shed. For example, you can purchase a puppy from short-haired and medium-haired breeds with minimal shedding. These include:
- poodles (standard, miniature, toy);
- Irish Water Spaniel;
- Yorkshire Terrier;
- xolo (Mexican hairless dog);
- border terrier;
- welsh terrier;
- kerry blue terrier;
- shih tzu;
- wheaten terrier;
- Chinese Crested;
- bedlington terrier;
- bichon frize et al.
We recommend that you read this article and familiarize yourself with non-shedding rocks in more detail.
Often these same dog breeds not only do not shed, but also belong to the “odorless dog” breeds. Some of them are odorless and practically hairless breeds (Xolo and Chinese Crested), others have a soft, odorless, medium-length coat, and still others have a short, hard coat. Odorless and non-shedding breeds are perfect for allergy sufferers and those who cannot stand the specific canine scent.
What if the shedding is strong and the dog loses a lot of hair? First of all, you need to establish its cause, and this can only be done by a veterinarian. It is imperative to check the health of the animal at the first warning symptoms, because severe hair loss is often a sign of a serious illness.
Parasites that have multiplied in the dog’s body or skin can often cause unnatural molting. You can help her simply by deworming or destroying skin insects. To do this, the animal needs to be given pills for worms in the dose recommended in the instructions for use of the drugs. How to get rid of fleas and lice? You can use drops from parasites with which you need to treat the pet’s fur or put on an antiparasitic collar.
Causes of hair loss
Molting is always a crucial period for dog owners, especially if the breed is long-haired. The causes of hair loss can be natural and pathological. In the first case, this is a planned molt, conceived by nature, which occurs annually in spring and autumn and ends at a set time. This is a normal process and there is nothing to worry about.
But if the dog sheds “at the wrong time” or strongly, then this may be due to:
- hormonal disruption;
- skin diseases;
- skin parasites;
- metabolic disorders;
- infectious diseases;
- unbalanced feeding;
- diseases of the digestive tract.
However, not only malfunctions within the dog’s body cause unplanned molt, but also environmental factors. For example, low humidity and warm air in the room in which the pet is located, which almost constantly lives in the apartment and rarely goes outside, creates an environment for chronic hair loss. As a result, the animal sheds constantly, all year round, not only in spring and autumn, but also in summer and winter.
Temporary shedding can be caused by acute stresses, such as surgery or moving to a new place of residence, and bitches can begin to shed during estrus or after giving birth. Improper grooming of a dog’s coat is another common cause of pathological shedding. The culprit may be an unsuitable shampoo or soap that the owner has chosen for the animal, or washing too often to degrease the skin, as a result of which the coat falls out at an increased rate and dandruff may appear.
How to scratch?
TIP! The easiest way to remove useless hair is to comb it out with a special furminator brush. She has frequent and thin metal teeth that can capture any, even very thick and thin coat and remove it before it falls out by itself.
How to quickly and correctly comb the animal during molting? You need to lead the brush in the direction of wool growth, slightly pressing on the handle so that the brush can go deeper into the thickness of the coat and capture the old wool along its entire depth. Thus, you can gradually comb out the entire animal. If there are scratches, wounds, irritations on the dog’s body, it is best to use a slicker.
How to speed up combing wool at home? Hair will fall out better if the procedure is performed immediately after bathing the animal. They will get wet and easier to stretch.
Molting in dogs
When starting a dog, owners are faced with such a completely standard phenomenon as molting. Naturally, few people will like wool throughout the house, but you should not put up with it. No, there is no need to demand the impossible from the dog. to stop shedding, but it is worth helping the pet during this period. In addition, shedding in dogs can be non-seasonal, but associated with a special condition or some kind of disease. In this case, the pet needs specialist help and special care.
Shedding not associated with a change in coat
In a healthy animal, molting passes quickly, without greatly affecting the appearance of the pet, since the renewal of the coat occurs almost immediately.
Protracted shedding should be a cause for concern, when the coat comes out in clumps, and the one that remains looks lifeless and unkempt. Wool growth slows down, its structure and coat density may change. The reasons can lie both in the failure of the body’s activity, and in the presence of any disease:
- lack of vitamins and minerals in the dog’s body;
- liver disease (hepatitis);
- violation of the gastrointestinal tract or endocrine system;
- malfunctioning of the kidneys;
- infestation with parasites;
- disorder of the immune system.
In this situation, a consultation with a veterinarian will be required. Abundant hair loss may be associated with the stress the pet has suffered, for example, after parting with the owner, moving to another place of residence, or a conflict situation.
In the event of a weakening of the body after childbirth, injury, surgery or prolonged illness, unplanned molt is also possible.
The reason for a strong shedding in a dog can be the person himself, if he bathes his pet too often. Yes, this is well-intentioned, but shampoos can deprive a dog of the protective layer of fat that forms on the skin. In this situation, the hair follicles weaken significantly, and the hairs begin to fall out.
Wool can react with shedding and environmental conditions. For example, lap dogs, which are rarely outdoors and kept in a poorly ventilated room, can constantly renew their fur, but this does not happen with street dogs.
You can watch a video about the correct combing of the dog:
Additional activities during molt
In addition to combing out, during the shedding period, it is recommended to use dry conditioners that improve the hair structure and nourish them.
When you wash your pet, you can apply a balm or conditioner to the coat that is intended for use during shedding. This will strengthen the hair roots and make combing out more comfortable as the coat will not tangle too much. For this period, a shampoo is suitable, which contains a protein that creates a protective film on the skin.
It is worth paying attention to the nutrition of the dog during the molting period. At this time, the pet needs to be given vitamin complexes. In veterinary departments or pharmacies, you can buy special preparations that improve the quality of the wool. The main components needed to strengthen the coat are B vitamins, copper and zinc.
If the animal eats natural food, it is worth increasing the amount of protein products in the diet, since protein gives the coat shine and elasticity. The dog needs more meat, only lean, boiled liver and chicken hearts can be given from offal. A couple of times a week, you can pamper your pet with sea fish, but you need to choose low-fat varieties and carefully remove bones before serving.
It is recommended to give your dog fish oil during molting. It is advisable to include cereals and vegetables in the diet, and if the dog is not interested in this food, add canned dog food to the food, to which the animal is not indifferent.
Natural shedding in dogs
A dog’s coat performs a number of important functions:
- Makes the skin of the animal inaccessible to all sorts of parasites. fleas, ticks.
- Prevents the development of infectious diseases.
- Protects against atmospheric agents.
In addition, the beautiful, shiny coat gives the dog a well-groomed appearance. The owner often wakes up with a desire to stroke his pet on a luxurious fur coat, and this gives pleasure to both parties.
But wool has one property. it is renewed 2 times a year. This is a very important process for the health of the animal, which occurs in spring and autumn.
Frequent question: “How long does the molt last in dogs?” The duration of natural molt is 7-14 days. During this period, it is necessary to take certain measures, and of course, you will have to do the cleaning in the house more often, since you cannot completely get rid of the ubiquitous wool. The first molt begins after they reach six months of age.
How to comb the coat correctly during the shedding period
It doesn’t matter what caused the coat change. the season or other factors, but it is important to help the dog and alleviate its condition during this difficult period.
The main way is to comb out the coat daily with a special comb or brush. Such manipulation is extremely beneficial for the health of the animal, since:
- will help the dog get rid of dead hair and accelerate the growth of new hairs;
- will have a stimulating effect on blood circulation in the upper layer of the epidermis, which will improve the supply of nutrients, vitamins and beneficial microelements to the hair follicle;
- will improve the appearance of the coat. it will become smoother, silky.
And also, if you comb the dog every day, less often you will have to take up a broom or vacuum cleaner.
Such care also requires special tools:
- To eliminate tangles from the undercoat, you need a comb made of hardened steel, it’s nice if it is covered with nickel.
- Where a metal tool will not work, a more delicate slicker brush will come in handy. Suitable for use in delicate areas.
- The glove brush removes dead hairs well from the dog’s body.
Using this set of tools every day, you can rid your pet of old hair in 4-5 days. There is also a tool that can perform almost all of the above functions. the furminator. It looks like a rake, and acts without injuring the new coat, catching and lifting the undercoat layer.
There are restrictions on its use. it cannot be used if there is damage on the skin of the animal. irritated areas, ulcers, wounds, hematomas or abrasions. It is also not suitable for handling some breeds. Frize, American spaniels, terriers, Chinese crested, poodles, lapdogs, curly-haired retrievers.
Another important condition is that the dog should not have tangles, which means that before the procedure, it is necessary to comb out the hair with a comb or metal comb. If this is not done, the pet will be too painful.
You can quickly rid your beloved pet of dead hair by using a furminator after bathing. The tool must be guided along the growth of the coat, gently and without pressure.
Care for different types of wool
Molting in different breeds is different, it all depends on the length and quality of the wool:
- How to care for long-haired pets. Long-haired dogs shed intensely and require frequent grooming and regular brushing. During molting, you can bathe your dog once every two weeks. Similar procedures are required for pets belonging to the breeds of poodles, spaniels, terriers, Shih Tzu, Scottish Shepherd Dogs. Collies and Shelties, Golden Retrievers and St. Bernards. If you do not pay enough attention to the pet’s coat, then it will get tangled, and the skin will become covered with irritation and sores. And it is very easy for such a pet to become infected with parasites. The owner of a long-haired friend should have a brush on hand and a lot of patience during the molt.
- Grooming for dogs with short hair. Often people give preference to dogs with short hair, hoping that there will be no trouble with wool. However, such a pet also has the ability to renew its coat, like all other breeds, twice a year. In addition, short bristle hairs are very difficult to remove from carpets. Such breeds include Dobermans, Bulldogs, Great Danes, Dalmatians, Rottweilers, Boxers, etc. When changing fur, the animal’s body should be wiped with a towel made of terry or velor, and several times a week they need to be cleaned with a special brush with natural bristles.
- Caring for owners of hard coats. Representatives of the breeds of schnauzers and terriers have lost the ability to fade on their own, and this is definitely a plus. But still, they also need to remove dead hair. To do this, dogs do a pinch (it is also called “artificial molt”). trimming. There are two ways. using a special knife or doing it by hand. The procedure for animals is carried out at least once every six months, you can do it yourself, or contact a specialist. groomer. In this case, we are talking not only about aesthetics, but also about protecting the dog’s skin from possible irritation and discomfort.
Molting is a difficult period for both dogs and their owners. But if you treat the situation as a given, and ease the state of your pet, you can overcome any difficulties.
Shortness of breath in a dog. causes and first aid
Shortness of breath is a violation of breathing and a physiological reaction to oxygen starvation of the body, manifested by frequent, squeezed, abrupt breaths with an open mouth. Breathing a dog with an open mouth can have understandable reasons that do not threaten the life and health of the pet. Severe shortness of breath in a dog, which is of a pathological nature, is a consequence of the disease and an accompanying syndrome.
Important! All diseases that cause severe shortness of breath cannot be diagnosed, much less cured at home. In case of detecting alarming symptoms. be sure to contact your veterinarian.
Causes of shortness of breath in dogs
Globally, the causes of shortness of breath in dogs can be divided into several groups.
Cardiogenic. problems with the heart or blood circulation. Shortness of breath is observed when walking, the dog often sits down or lies down, tries to catch its breath and practically cannot run. An ultrasound scan, X-ray, a detailed blood and urine test, hormonal tests, a veterinarian’s consultation, if suspected, tests for the presence of parasites are required.
Respiratory. diseases, injuries, infections, disruption of the internal organs. Necessary. first aid, symptomatic relief, oxygen therapy, extensive treatment.
CNS pathology. disruption of the brain, hematomas, cysts, tumors, electrical injuries. A reliable diagnostic method. MRI, in the absence of equipment, an algorithm, as in the cardiogenic nature.
Metabolic disorders. toxins not excreted from the body adversely affect the circulatory system (diabetes), the genitourinary system (toxicosis due to renal failure), the liver (insufficient purification and enrichment of the blood). A special risk group, complications after piroplasmosis. You need to do blood and urine tests, ultrasound, liver function tests.
Physiological. obesity, low endurance due to violation of maintenance standards.
Shortness of breath after childbirth is acceptable, but it should not be accompanied by fever, postpartum blood loss, vomiting, loss of coordination. If the childbirth was difficult, and shortness of breath is observed for more than a day, see a doctor immediately. All causes of chronic postpartum dyspnea are fatal if left inactive.
Anemia. oxygen starvation of all tissues due to an insufficient number of red blood cells (low hemoglobin), shortness of breath occurs when the dog is at rest. As a treatment. adjusting the diet, identifying abnormalities in metabolism, a therapeutic course of vitamins and microelements.
Stress. danger, fight, threat to the life of the owner is accompanied by the production of excitatory hormones. Frequent open-mouth breathing stimulates the heart muscle and blood flow rate. Severe stress should not be taken lightly, the dog must be calmed, isolated in a cool room, constantly nearby, rhythmically stroked the chest, wiped off with a dry towel if the coat is wet to the touch.
If the cause of shortness of breath is stress, the dog should not be forced to lie down, drink or eat. Refusal to lie down may be associated with the overflow of oxygen in the lungs; by forcibly laying the animal down, you can provoke a rupture of the lung tissue. Even if the dog is very hot and refuses to drink. do not insist, a sharp contrast in the temperature of the water and internal organs can cause collapse of the lungs, the development of pneumonia, edema.
Important! The development of secondary symptoms. cyanosis, fainting, loss of coordination, pain, aggression, cough, wheezing, vomiting, coughing up blood require immediate veterinary intervention, including surgery.
Pekingese, pugs, bulldogs, sometimes Shar Pei breathe open mouth when walking and even while sleeping. The deviation has no pathological basis and is associated with an initially defective structure of the nasopharynx. Breeds with a flattened nose not only experience shortness of breath but snore as well. Naturally, treatment in this case is not required, however, close monitoring of the dog’s health is important. A snub nose and a runny nose, this is exactly the case when a harmless cold turns into serious breathing problems.
Types of shortness of breath in dogs
A dog that has undergone intense physical activity opens its mouth for quick recovery. After a walk, where the pet ran after the port and played with other animals, fatigue and breathing through the mouth is absolutely normal. Shortness of breath in a dog in a calm state is an alarming symptom, the first thing to pay attention to is the state of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems.
- Expiration. short inhalation and heavy prolonged exhalation, often incomplete. Wheezing and wheezing may occur. Indicates a narrowing of the lower part of the bronchi, possible causes. asthma, bronchitis.
- Inspiration is a sharp short or heavy drawn-out inhalation. Possible causes. swelling of the respiratory tract, including the lungs, trauma, ingestion of a foreign object.
- Mixed type. an acute condition, breathing in and out is difficult, breathing attempts are accompanied by stifled sounds, spasms, and coughing. Possible causes. heart failure, acute inflammation, pulmonary edema, progressive pneumonia.
Emergency care for severe shortness of breath in a dog
Asthma attacks or shortness of breath in a dog with pneumonia can lead to choking within hours / minutes. Usually, to prevent edema and swelling of mucous membranes, veterinarians prescribe antihistamines, less often steroids.
In case of a sudden attack of severe shortness of breath or suffocation, you will have to take great risks, but there is no other way out, we call the veterinarian and act:
Stop Dog Shedding With New Anti-Shed Remedy
- We open the first aid kit and look for how to remove the swelling, even suprastin will do. In the absence of drops, for an average dog (5-8 kg), crush 1/2 tablet, rub under the tongue.
- We open the vents, turn on the fan / air conditioner, maximize the air circulation in the room. Ideally, an oxygen mask is needed. We actively rub the chest, back, ears.
- We use immunostimulants as quickly as possible (eg Gamavit). We calculate the dose according to the instructions and inject it into four (intramuscularly) paws in equal amounts.
- If possible. intravenously, slowly and very gently, potassium chloride from 3 to 15 ml, depending on the size of the dog.
- If necessary, we proceed to emergency resuscitation. closed heart massage, artificial lung ventilation.
In females, hormonal molting occurs, which begins 1.5–2 months after giving birth. There are several reasons: severe stress, failure in the endocrine system, lack of vitamins, minerals, and other substances. When carrying puppies, the resources of the mother’s body are used for the growth and development of the offspring, which affects the coat, general health.
Increased shedding in a dog
Wool has a number of functions: protection from ectoparasites and atmospheric phenomena, preventing the development of infections and giving the dog a well-groomed appearance. Shedding is called the seasonal renewal of the coat, which is important for the health of the animal. The process takes place twice a year: in spring and autumn. But sometimes the dog sheds heavily, which indicates a disturbance in the functioning of the body. It happens that the change of wool occurs more often 2 times a year. It is important for the owner to know how to distinguish pathology from the norm and how to help the pet.
Factors provoking shedding can cause unplanned hair loss. First of all, these are the stresses that arise after castration and sterilization, and other operations. During estrus, after childbirth, peeling of the coat is associated with hormonal changes. Sometimes pets begin to shed due to the mistakes of the owners. Examples are unsuitable care products, frequent washing. It has a negative effect on the skin, coat.
With hair loss, combs appear due to itching, which is caused by various factors. The main problem is parasites. A scabies mite (itching) is dangerous for pets, which causes the development of sarcoptic mange and ear scabies. Other diseases or pathologies that lead to scratching: allergies, seborrhea, ringworm, yeast infection, worms.
Low temperatures do not affect the density of the coat. Usually the opposite happens, the cover becomes thicker to protect from cold weather. However, in winter, an unscheduled dump of wool is sometimes observed.
- increased cover density. this increases the number of molts per year;
- a pet on the street. the dog is waiting for the onset of cold weather, changing its summer coat;
- age molting in puppies. begins at any time of the year;
- significant difference between temperature, humidity indoors and outdoors;
- prolonged exposure to stress factors;
- diseases. lack of vitamins, demodicosis, hormonal disruption.
The first three reasons on the list are considered the norm, since these features cannot be changed, controlled. The rest of the factors need to be corrected due to the negative impact on the health of the animal.
Sores on the skin
Prolonged scratching leads to the appearance of sores on the skin. The reason is skin lesions of various origins. Diseases: eczema, ectoparasites, infections, fungus, allergies, metabolic disorders and hormonal disruptions. Usually, dogs gnaw the skin until it bleeds, resulting in crusts and ulcers. Sores can appear for other reasons. To find out, a mandatory veterinarian consultation is required.
It happens that the dog’s hair begins to come out abruptly after washing. What is the reason? The main problem is improper care by the owner, which consists in the following points:
- frequent water treatments;
- unsuitable shampoo or soap;
- improper combing after bathing;
- allergy to care products.
These factors lead to leaching of the fat layer on the skin’s surface and to a chemical imbalance. Hair follicles weaken, so the hairs cease to hold, begin to fall out at an accelerated rate. Dandruff sometimes appears.
What is considered the norm
The natural process, that is, the planned molt, takes place twice a year: in winter and in autumn. Ends at the set time. How to determine the owner of what is considered the norm for a pet? Main points:
- the frequency of molting is twice a year, in autumn and spring;
- the duration of the spring shedding of wool is 1-2 weeks, while a lot of hair falls out due to getting rid of the old awn, thick undercoat;
- the duration of the autumn change of cover is 2-3 weeks, the number of hair loss is much less than in spring.
Puppies begin to molt in seasons after reaching six months. How long this process takes in an animal depends on the following complex of factors: breed, proper nutrition and health. If the puppies are born in the spring, then the first shedding of the cover will begin in the fall.
We take care of wool
It doesn’t matter if it’s time for seasonal hair loss or the veterinarian could not find the reasons for the “unscheduled” shedding or could not understand why the dog sheds heavily. you need to help your pet to survive this difficult period comfortably.
- Stock up on a comb furminator,
- buy special dry conditioners that improve the structure of the coat and nourish it.
- Frequent bathing of the dog with abundant shedding is not recommended, but sometimes you can give your pet a fun shower with a pet shampoo that contains protein.
- Finally, be sure to include vitamins in your dog’s diet.
Do not forget to stock up on the necessary equipment for combing the pet. The main thing is the hardened steel combs. Preferably nickel-plated. With their help, you can comb out tangles from the undercoat.
Slickers are no less important. They remove hair in delicate areas that cannot be touched with coarse metal tools.
They remove hair in delicate areas that cannot be touched with coarse metal tools. And you can comb out and collect dead hair from the pet’s body using a glove brush. You will be able to remove dead hair from the pet’s body with such an “inventory” in four days of vigorous combing.
By the way, all this ammunition can be replaced with one furminator device. This tool looks like a regular rake comb. He does not cut the undercoat, but catches it and lifts it up. Furminator “teeth” are located so that they do not touch living hair.
However, the furminator should not be used if the pet’s skin has irritations, sores, scratches, wounds, bruises or abrasions. Comb through your pet with a metal comb before using this tool. There should be no tangles, otherwise the animal will be hurt.
Furminator combing will speed up if done after bathing. Move the tool in the direction of hair growth. Be careful when handling your tummy, legs, and tail. You do not need to use force! Drive gently through the coat to avoid hurting the animal.
This attachment is suitable for most breeds. Exceptions among dogs:
- american water spaniel,
- Chinese Crested,
- curly-haired retriever,
If you brush your dog regularly, the hairs will not settle on the furniture and on the floor. You can practice animal hair while sitting on a newspaper or a piece of cellophane. Then you can remove everything that you combed out in a minute.!
How long and when does moulting begin in dogs?
Molting in dogs can tell an experienced dog breeder a lot about an animal. Having met pet dogs on the street, you can easily determine whether the pet is healthy and happy. “How”? you ask. According to the condition of his coat!
If the fur coat looks well-groomed and shines in the sun, like expensive fur, the pet is doing well. If the hairs are shaggy and sparse, the dog often itches, getting rid of endlessly shedding hairs, then something is wrong.
Molting in dogs is a natural process
The coat protects the dog from ticks, fleas and other parasites, infections and bad weather. But it also brings people and animals closer together. Any dog is blissful when he is stroked on a fur coat, and the owner is always proud of a stately and personable pet.
However, in these ideal relationships there is one “but”: pets periodically renew the fur coat, getting rid of old hair. And then their owners puzzle over how to cope with the ubiquitous wool.
How long does a dog shed and when does it start for the first time??
Moulting in dogs occurs twice a year. As a rule, this period occurs in autumn and spring. It usually lasts 1-2 weeks. Molting is a normal phenomenon, which will not become a disaster for the owner of the dog if he more often combes his four-legged friend or visits the dog’s hairdresser with a long-haired pet.
And, of course, tidy up the apartment, because a comb will not completely save you from hair. When does the first moult begin in dogs?? It depends on the time of year, but usually it does not happen earlier than 6 months.
Another thing is when wool falls out in large quantities and out of season. A strong shedding in a dog is a serious cause for concern, because the condition of the coat is a mirror of the dog’s health.
Unfortunately, wool does not immediately respond to diseases. Hair grows slowly, and changes in them appear only a month after the emergence of a latent danger. Therefore, when the structure of the coat and its appearance change, you should immediately contact a 24-hour veterinary clinic.
There can be many reasons for this pathology:
- unbalanced diet,
- lack of vitamins,
- parasites and hormonal imbalances,
- immune disorders,
- digestive tract diseases,
Before visiting your doctor, be sure to make a rough list of the foods you feed your pet. May give the dog anthelmintic drugs and vitamins in advance.
The dog sheds a lot: why it happens and what to do
However, diseases are not the only causes of sudden or severe molting. The fur coat of an animal reacts sharply to any changes in the environment. For example, some pets living under artificial lighting or stuffiness, renew their wool constantly, unlike their counterparts living in the fresh air of sunny summer cottages.
Temporary weakening of hair follicles and intense hair loss in dogs is sometimes caused by stress, such as pregnancy, moving, or surgery. There are even cases when too frequent bathing upset the chemical balance of the skin and promoted shedding.
Menu for the shedding
At the time of molting, it is better to transfer the pet to natural food. The main thing for a healthy and beautiful coat is protein. It gives shine and strength to the coat. The pet also needs fish oil during molting. Make sure that your pet gets the substances necessary for the growth of the coat: copper, zinc and vitamin B.
The animal needs more meat during this period (the exception is pork, it is too fat). Sometimes pamper pets with chicken hearts, liver. Once a week, the molting animal needs to eat sea fish. Just give him boneless fillets.
In addition, it is important that pets eat vegetables and cereals. It is unlikely that you will be able to get the four-legged to try these foods separately, so mix them with your furry friend’s favorite canned food.
Remember: your pet’s health depends on you. And take care of who you have tamed!
The dog sheds heavily: what to do
All dogs shed (except for hairless breeds). Lost wool settles on clothes, furniture and even gets into food. Therefore, the question “what to do if the dog sheds heavily?” one of the three most popular questions asked by groomers and veterinarians.
What can you do at home?
Before you figure out what to do if a dog sheds, you need to remember: molting is a natural process, and it will not be possible to stop it completely. However, regular grooming will help speed up shedding.
Attention! You should not shave your dog to avoid the shedding process. The fact is that in the summer, the wool protects the animal from overheating and sunburn. Shaving will help with flying hair in the house, but it will significantly increase the risk of dermatological diseases. In addition, the guard hairs after shaving “to zero” may not grow back at all, or begin to grow into the skin, which will ultimately lead to folliculitis.
It is best to brush your pet regularly using a brush or furminator (for breeds with undercoat). Such a simple procedure will allow you to collect already dead hairs even before they get on furniture and clothes. Combing in the spring and fall is also important to prevent mats. The fact is that in breeds prone to felting (Caucasian Shepherd Dogs, Afghan Hounds), the undercoat and guard hair cannot completely fall out without assistance. If you ignore seasonal grooming, then the matted mats will have to be trimmed or shaved off, which will not only lead to an unaesthetic appearance, but can also provoke folliculitis.
If the pet is very afraid of combing, then it is recommended to use special gloves for caring for the pet (especially for breeds with a small undercoat and thick coat). Gloves will help remove dead hairs, but will be useless in untangling tangles.
Interesting to know! Brushing out will additionally help spread natural sebum throughout the entire surface. Ultimately, your dog’s coat will acquire a healthy sheen and shine.
Some owners prefer to periodically take their pets to a professional groomer, because some breeds also require seasonal haircuts. Systematic bathing of the pet is equally important. A special shampoo will help unravel the mats and slightly speed up the shedding process.
How many times a year does a dog shed?
In fact, cyclic hair loss is the absolute norm. Shedding is part of the natural life cycle of the hair shaft. The growth rate of wool and the frequency of its loss depends on:
- hormonal levels;
- the state of the environment;
- general health.
These same elements are responsible for hair length and texture, although genetics are the predominant factor. So, for example, in breeds with constantly growing wool (poodles, Yorkshire terriers), dead hairs fall out throughout the year, and not just before the winter and summer seasons, so molting is practically not observed. But labradors, huskies and other breeds with a thick undercoat shed purely according to the schedule (in the absence of deviations).
Almost all healthy dogs molt twice a year: in spring and autumn. Most breeds have both an undercoat and a coat. Along with the first rise in temperature in spring, active undercoat loss begins. And with the onset of the autumn cold snap, a thin, burnt out over the summer coat will fall out and a thick, warm undercoat will grow.
But not all rock types react the same to temperature changes. For example, in the Bichon and Shih Tzu breeds, the undercoat is practically absent. To prepare the animal for the change of season, you will have to contact the groomer for help, or do the combing yourself. Owners of hard, thick undercoats (Malamutes, Newfoundlands) tolerate spring molt very hard, because if the bulk of the undercoat does not fall out, the animal may not survive too hot summer.
Why does a dog shed heavily all year round?
As mentioned above, the speed and frequency of hair loss can also be affected by deviations in the pet’s health. If the dog sheds very much throughout the year, then you need to make an appointment with the veterinarian. The reasons for the dog shedding a lot can be:
- dermatological problems;
- endocrine diseases;
- nutritional deficiencies;
- lack of vitamins;
Bitches may shed during pregnancy and nursing.
In order to figure out what to do if the dog sheds very much, the doctor will take scrapings and do a blood test. The owners of those pets in which the hair falls out in clumps, and the resulting bald patches do not overgrow for a long time, should be especially wary. So, for example, fungal and bacterial infections provoke not only the loss of the undercoat, but also itching.
Active molt in the summer is most often provoked by a flea invasion, or allergy to pollen, external antiparasitic drugs. Less commonly, sunburn is the cause of local hair loss in summer. Breeds especially prone to this problem: Chinese Crested, Pug, Bull Terrier.
If, in addition to the loss of guard hairs, the pet has dandruff, red spots on bald areas, then it is likely that it is necessary to balance the diet. But the biggest problem that causes a dog to shed all year round may be adrenal swelling. What to do in this case is decided only by the veterinarian, based on the results of diagnostic tests.
What kind of food is needed?
If the owner categorically does not accept pharmacy supplements, it is recommended to introduce foods rich in Omega fatty acids into the dog’s diet: fish oil, seafood, eggs. Of course, such a diet is not cheap, but in the end it will be possible to notice that the pet has a dense shiny coat, and the skin has become soft and even moisturized. In addition, fatty acids will help prevent seasonal infections, slow down the growth of bacteria, and protect the animal’s body from the action of various pathogens.
We must not forget about regular health checks of the pet in the veterinary clinic. Only a veterinarian will be able to determine if molt is proceeding normally, as well as to identify the disease that provoked abnormal hair loss at an early stage.
You can also ask a question to the in-house veterinarian of our website, who will answer them as soon as possible in the comment box below.
What to do if your dog sheds heavily?
What affects dog shedding?
If the dog is completely healthy, then the only factor influencing the shedding of dogs will be the air temperature. By the onset of cold weather, the dog actively begins to change its coat and overgrow with fluff, and in the spring, with the arrival of heat, get rid of it.
If molting lasts a whole year, then the owner should be concerned about the health of his pet. The reasons for the year-round molt can be:
- hormonal imbalance;
- decreased immunity;
- diseases of the internal organs of the dog;
- severe stress.
In addition, some dog breeds have long coats with a very thick undercoat. In such dogs, it is difficult to determine at what point the seasonal molt began, so many owners think that this happens all year round. These dogs need help to get rid of excess fluff with the help of special combs.
If a dog that does not have a “luxurious fur coat” begins to shed all year round, then you should seek advice from a veterinarian. If the disturbed hormonal balance can be restored through proper nutrition and long active walks in the fresh air, then reasons such as diseases of internal organs require high-quality diagnosis and long-term treatment with special drugs.
Off-season molt as a symptom of the disease
A short-term molt that occurs during the off-season can also become an alarming sign. For example, the dog began to shed its fur heavily in winter, at the beginning of severe frosts. Or suddenly began to go bald in the summer, after a seasonal shedding.
If, in addition to molting, the dog began to smell unpleasant, then, most likely, this is a violation of the sebaceous glands. This disease can be caused by both improper diet and the use of low-quality shampoos and conditioners.
Occasionally, severe out-of-season molting may indicate a dog’s allergy. For example, after changing the food, introducing a new product or a new delicacy into the diet, you may notice that the dog began to itch more often, from which the fur began to sprinkle from it. In this case, the allergy can be in the dog and nonfood. For example, eating the usual food, the dog began to shed its hair, itch, redness and increased salivation are observed. This means that the source of the allergy either flies in the air or on surfaces with which it comes into contact.
Parasites can also be the cause of non-seasonal molting. Fleas and ticks provoke the dog to comb the bites. Thus, damage appears on the skin, and the hair begins to fall out. In addition, if the dog cannot grow hair and its weight gradually decreases, then most likely it is infected with helminthiasis. In this case, it is recommended to start treatment as soon as possible.
A person who decides to get a dog must be ready for anything. Including the inconvenience caused by molting. To prevent the dog from shedding in the off-season, it is necessary to monitor its health, adhere to proper nutrition, walk more often and for longer, ventilate the room and comb the hair.