HOW TO GET BIRTH WITH A CAT
Before you knit a cat, sit down and think carefully about everything. Can you provide adequate care for your cat during pregnancy and after childbirth? Do you have enough time to care for the offspring and the cat? Are there enough funds so that in case of unforeseen complications you do not have to think about where to get money for an operation and medicines? Can you make decisions quickly or get lost and nervous in difficult situations??
Only if you have given a positive answer to all questions, can you organize a knitting. However, if you are intimidated by the sight of blood, find someone among your good friends who would replace you or insure you during childbirth. Or call your veterinarian at home.
A cat needs enough nutrients throughout pregnancy, so no diets or restrictions! It may be worth feeding your cat vitamins, depending on what you feed your cat on a regular basis. It is best to switch your cat to a special diet: professional food manufacturers offer balanced foods for pregnant and lactating cats.
PREPARATION FOR CAT BIRTH
Many Ukrainian proverbs and sayings are closely related to animals. The explanation is simple: cats, dogs and other pets have lived next to humans for centuries. It is no wonder that a person compared his life with the life of four-legged “neighbors”: “He will live like on a dog”, “Not all the cat has Shrovetide”, “The cat knows whose meat it has eaten” and, of course, “It’s easy only cats will be born.” Indeed, in most cases, cat birth is quick and easy. The widespread opinion is that cats do everything themselves, and the owner can only find loving owners for the offspring. An experienced breeder knows that, unfortunately, this is not always the case. And even with an easy delivery, the owner still has to play a certain role.
Preparation for childbirth should ideally begin before mating. Before taking your cat to the cat, make sure that it is healthy. Cat activity and good muscle tone are important for a normal delivery, so let her move. But in the last weeks, it is still worth limiting jumping on high objects so that she does not accidentally fall, because a large belly makes her less agile. In some breeds, for example, in the British, complications during childbirth can be associated with inactivity, so the cat will still need “physical education” before and during pregnancy.
First Ever! Mother CAT Gives Birth makes her Owner as her MEDWIFE!
As the owner, you also need to prepare for childbirth. however rich your midwifery experience may be. You need to find the nearest veterinary clinic to your home. Think about how you will get there. after all, troubles according to the law of meanness usually happen just when your car does not start, and it is night outside. Be sure to check with the clinic if it is possible to get advice by phone, whether there is a round-the-clock reception. You can ask about the possibility of giving birth at home, so that the doctor is present during the entire labor process.
You will definitely need his knowledge, skill and especially practical participation if your cat gives birth for the first time and you yourself only theoretically imagine how it should be. The doctor will help you navigate correctly in every physiological process that occurs during a feline birth.
Prepare for the birth of your cat in advance. Here is a list of what you will need.
– The box is a “nest” in which the cat will bring offspring, and then will raise it. The box should be spacious enough. Prepare it in advance so that the expectant mother can. examine it and “accept”.
– Disposable diapers.
– Gauze napkins 20 x 20.
– Thick silk threads for tying the umbilical cord.
– Rounded scissors.
– Medical alcohol for sterilizing scissors.
– Hydrogen peroxide.
– Synthomycin emulsion.
– Streptocide powder.
– Small syringe for suctioning fluid from the newborn’s nose.
– Unbreakable container with water (1 L). This is where you will put the traces.
– Warmer for newborns.
If you have any questions, please call around the clock by phone 540-03-03, 565-84-98 and our doctor on duty will give you a free consultation.
BIRTH IN CATS
Cats usually give birth between 59 and 70 days after mating. Some time before the start. about a day. the cat’s high belly sinks, colostrum begins to stand out from the nipples. Immediately before labor begins, she begins to worry, meow and come to you for help. Labor begins with contractions, during which the cat breathes with its mouth open. After giving birth, she will breathe in the same way because of the appropriate milk. Then attempts come. at this time cats usually growl or purr very loudly. They give birth either sitting, in a “potty” position, or lying on their side. It is normal for a kitten to be born in 3-4 attempts.
Ideally, kittens are born in a bubble and head first. The mother breaks the bladder, licks the kitten so that it starts breathing, bites off the umbilical cord, eats the afterbirth (placenta, baby’s place). She then goes to bed for the newborn kitten to find the nipple and start sucking. This stimulates contractions and the birth of the next kitten. Be sure to make sure that the number of placentas left coincides with the number of kittens! There is usually no time to count the placentas during childbirth. the feline obstetrician must monitor the behavior of the woman in labor, the course of childbirth and the newborns, so just put all the afterbirths in a pre-prepared jar of water. After the birth is over and the mother and the kittens settle down in the nest, you can count the afterbirths and check their integrity. The activity is unpleasant, but try to treat it without emotion. This must be done: you must remember that the afterbirth remaining in the uterus or part of it will cause severe inflammation.
Many breeders argue whether to eat the afterbirth. In nature, cats, dogs, and other animals do this. Such “cleaning” in the burrow or where the offspring were born is necessary so that the smell does not attract enemies, and also because the placenta contains the hormone oxytocin, which stimulates labor. At home, the cat does not have to worry about protection from enemies, but instincts are preserved. You should not let her eat all the afterbirths, at best it can be weakened, and at worst it can provoke eclampsia, but one can still be given. However, your cat may refuse to eat it.
Kittens can be born without a bubble, there is nothing wrong with that, if it does not affect the course of childbirth or the health of the kittens.
The break between the birth of kittens can be as small. about 10-15 minutes, and long. up to several hours. In some cases, labor may be paused to resume after a while. usually 12 hours, less often a day. In the vast majority of cases, cat birth is quite calm, the owner can only observe.
So, labor began. The cat settled down in the “nest”, and you sat down next to see if everything is in order. The cat is pushing. a bubble appears, and you see a kitten’s paw, nose or tail in it. The birth of the first one can take from a few minutes to one hour. The cat must handle the kitten herself. But it also happens: a kitten was born, and a cat. took care of herself, not paying any attention to him. Don’t wait for her to remember anything other than the stained coat. Gently break the bladder near the kitten’s nose, take the newborn in your hands and, grabbing the body and head, shake gently to remove mucus from the nose. If it doesn’t work, suck off the liquid with a pipette or mouth. When the kitten is breathing, you can take care of the umbilical cord. Rub it in its thinnest place (leaving about 5-7 cm) and dust with streptocide powder. this will reduce bleeding. Can be cut with sterilized scissors. If necessary, the umbilical cord can be cauterized with brilliant green. If everything is in order, no further umbilical cord care is required. If she is bleeding, tie a string around her. Then wipe the kitten with a gauze napkin and be sure to attach it to the nipples. let it suck on breast milk until contractions and attempts resume.
The attempts resumed, another kitten in a bubble appeared. And I got stuck. Never let your cat bite the fruit bladder with liquid! The first breath of a kitten in this position will lead to the fact that it suffocates. Wrap the kitten with a gauze napkin or rag and, waiting for an attempt, gently pull the body outward, slightly rocking from side to side. Never pull on the limbs: the joints and bones in kittens are still very weak. Only behind the little body or, if the head has already come out, behind the scruff. If the head and one leg sticks out, right it back before pulling. Otherwise, you risk dislocating the kitten’s limb.
CESARIAN SECTION IN CATS
In some especially difficult cases, when a cat, no matter how hard it tries, cannot give birth to a kitten (the fetus can get stuck in the birth canal, and sometimes two kittens begin to move along the birth canal at the same time), you have to resort to such an operation as a cesarean section. However, there is no need to rush to operate the cat. first you should do everything possible so that she gives birth on her own. Only a doctor can decide that an operation is necessary.
If the cat’s labor continues, but the result is zero, or blood is released, or the labor has stopped altogether, and a kitten is still felt in the stomach, take the cat to the clinic for an ultrasound scan and X-ray. In some cases, a kitten, usually already dead and very large, much more than its littermates, can get stuck in the birth canal, blocking the exit for both itself and the rest of the kittens.
The indication for a cesarean may also be the complete absence of labor on the 69th day of pregnancy. This period can be considered as critical for childbirth and the health of kittens. Therefore, if 69 days have passed since mating, do not expect that the cat will suddenly give birth. take it to the clinic. The doctor will do an ultrasound scan and decide whether to stimulate labor or immediately have an operation.
POSTNATAL PERIOD IN A CAT
Finally, all the kittens were born, and the cat is resting calmly. Your job is to remove the bloody litter and make sure the kittens are okay. If they suck rhythmically, and then sleep peacefully, we can assume that everything is fine. You should be alerted by the discharge of milk from the kitten’s nose (suspicion of a “cleft palate”. non-closure of the upper jaw and hard palate), aimless crawling of the newborn near the cat, stretching the limbs, lack of a sucking reflex, sluggish (tedious), but prolonged and causeless squeak. All these signs of unhealthy kittens are a reason to invite a veterinarian.
After giving birth, you must also carefully monitor the well-being of the cat. If it raises your concerns, also contact your veterinarian immediately.
Quite often, cats have such a postpartum complication as eclampsia. In the initial stages of feeding the offspring, milk production leads to the fact that the amount of calcium in the cat’s blood decreases sharply, in some cases calcium ceases to be absorbed. Signs of this serious disease, which often leads to the death of animals, are profuse salivation, impaired coordination of movements, anxiety, then convulsions, fever. At the first sign, contact your veterinarian! To prevent this disease during pregnancy and after childbirth, the cat should receive calcium supplements, however, contact the clinic before purchasing special supplements. It makes sense to do a blood test to find out if the cat needs calcium or, on the contrary, additional administration of calcium may be harmful to health. In some cases, eclampsia can occur again, closer to the end of feeding kittens.
PS. If you have any questions, please call around the clock by phone 540-03-03, 565-84-98 and our doctor on duty will give you a free consultation.
The day before yesterday our cat gave birth to 3 kittens. All dead. Why? They took the cat to the veterinarian, she examined us and said that the cat was outwardly absolutely healthy. She recommended that we bring her in a month to get tested for toxoplasmosis and chlamydia. But we have a quadricat! They put it on July 14 last year, the year has not yet passed. In addition, I recently donated blood for toxoplasmosis. I have not even found antibodies to it. Shortly before giving birth, the cat fell from the closet. could this lead to the death of ALL kittens? The vet said it was very unlikely.
The pregnancy lasted 67 days. On the 65th day, the cat began actively looking for a place, demanding attention, in small quantities, brown mucus came out of it. Fell off the closet 2 days later. Contractions began 5 hours after the fall. After she gave birth to two kittens, the contractions stopped and resumed again only 12 hours later, then she gave birth to a third.
Domestic cat, 2 years old, first childbirth, kittens seem to be quite formed, about 10 cm in length (if the death of kittens was caused by an infection, would the kittens die earlier or is it possible at the very end of pregnancy?). A cat. about 6 years old, also vaccinated (the last time was vaccinated a few days before mating. could this affect?), Many times successfully knitted other cats.
I’m very afraid that next time the cat may give birth to dead kittens again. this is such a stress for her. She now all the time that she is not being held in her arms, meows and all the time checks the place where she gave birth, although earlier she was rather indifferent to him. apparently, she is looking for kittens ((((
The main signs of completion of labor in a cat
Many experienced breeders and owners, when providing obstetric assistance to a pet, do not always know how to understand that a cat has given birth to all kittens. Determining the end of labor is very important for maintaining reproductive health, and sometimes the life of a beloved animal.
From what dead kittens are born, maybe the cat is to blame that he has weak sperm??
There are many different reasons. But the wording “weak sperm” does not fit in any way. Maybe he has diseases that are transmitted genetically to offspring. And so along the line itself to
Signs of the end of labor
How to understand that a cat has given birth to all kittens: signs of the end of labor
Childbirth in a cat can last about a day, sometimes a little more, and it is especially difficult if a pet has large offspring. How to understand that a cat has given birth to all kittens, and are there exact methods for determining the due date?
The birth of a cat is usually easy, because a pet does not experience the same discomfort that a woman does when a baby is born. And yet, difficulties can arise if the cat has not been born completely, and because of this, it experiences some discomfort.
Usually, it is not completely possible to determine that a cat has given birth to babies by its appearance and strange behavior. Usually, pets after the birth of four or five kittens get tired and start to rest, regardless of whether there are still cubs inside it. This kind of rest can last for several hours.
To find out if there is definitely another baby in the womb of the cat, you need to carefully feel its belly. It is easy to confuse a cat’s cervix with a kitten, so caution should be exercised in your research. It is usually easy to find a kitten, but quite often it is difficult to extract the crumbs.
Another method of determining if a cat has not finished giving birth is through her behavior. The animal does not try to get up, to approach its born babies. The cat continues to lie in the same place, despite the absence of any external activity. Also, the pet may refuse to eat and even water.
It is not worth disturbing the cat in such a situation, at least for the first two hours of its rest. If in the future no progress is observed, and the cat continues to behave strangely, then it is necessary to call the veterinarian. Any veterinarian knows that after giving birth, a cat’s belly should be soft, without lumps and strange formations. If the owner gropes for any strange
The cat gave birth to one dead kitten and the birth stopped
Some cat owners are concerned about a very important question. the cat gave birth to one kitten and does not give birth anymore. Since it is generally accepted that cats in a litter usually have a lot of kittens, from four or more. And suddenly, the birth was over, and the kitten was alone. Hence the concern that could have happened, maybe the kittens are dead, and stayed inside. Or maybe you need to help the cat.
In general, physiologically it is possible, and there are a number of reasons for this phenomenon. It happens when every year a cat gives birth to many kittens, and here is one. An hour passes, then another, half a day, but there are still no kittens.
How to understand how many kittens a cat has in the womb
Usually, you can see how many kittens it has by looking at a cat’s belly. Especially in the last month, when they move with might and main, they can even be counted. In a cat with one kitten, the belly is practically invisible. Especially among the courtyards, who are not so closely watched, out of nowhere, a kitten is already running.
But still, in order to know for sure whether a cat gave birth to all kittens, it is better to seek help from a veterinarian. You need to catch yourself in time so as not to lose your favorite. There have been cases of cats having to undergo a caesarean section.
Duration of labor in a cat
Generic activity in pets is an individual process. A variety of factors affect the duration of labor in a cat:
The average labor time is 12 to 36 hours. This time includes the preparatory period (contractions and attempts), which can last from several hours to a day, and the birth itself.
Kittens are born one by one. Most often, from the moment of birth of one kitten to the birth of the next, it takes from half an hour to several hours. However, this break often lasts up to several days.
Cats have a physiological feature, as a result of which labor can stop after the birth of one or more kittens, and after some time (sometimes up to 36 hours) resume again. Therefore, how to find out that a cat has given birth to all kittens is relevant both for inexperienced owners and for breeders who are constantly engaged in breeding issues. Even an ultrasound examination of a pregnant female does not always allow to reliably identify the number of fetuses. Experienced breeders in such a situation pay attention to signs of the end of the labor process.
We recommend reading the article on how to give birth to a cat. From it you will learn how to prepare the pet owner for childbirth, what tools and materials to have on hand in advance, about the harbingers of childbirth, and what to do if there are problems with the release of kittens from the birth canal.
Signs of the end of labor
Not all and not always cat owners know which signs indicate the end of the activity.
After forty minutes, the woman’s belly becomes soft.
- The first symptom is active caring for the offspring. The animal diligently licks the kittens, purrs, feeds.
- The pet breathes evenly, the pulse and heartbeat are stable rhythmic, does not go beyond the physiological indicators.
- After a short time, the cat shows an interest in food and drink. The pet can get up from the nest, for a while it leaves its brood.
- After forty minutes, the abdomen of the woman in labor becomes soft, no seals were found on palpation.
- However, for some time the uterus can remain in good shape, which can be mistaken for a kitten.
- In this case, you should not squeeze the cat’s belly strongly, you should put both hands on the sides of the animal and carefully draw along the ribs.
- It is recommended to check after forty minutes.
- An additional sign is the calm behavior of the cat, but due to the fact that some mothers behave calmly during childbirth, this sign is not an absolute guarantee.
How kittens are born
Usually the interval between newborns is from fifteen minutes to two hours, but there are exceptions in which the process is delayed.
Kittens are born at intervals from 15 minutes to 2 hours.
In females of the feline family, there is a physiological feature in which generic activity stops indefinitely after the birth of several babies. Sometimes the duration of the “lull” is thirty-six hours. Then the process resumes again.
Help in this situation
Help is to call your veterinarian immediately.
Ultrasound is recommended to establish a complete clinical picture. These measures are mandatory to avoid the risk of infection of the cat.
Cat Gives Birth, Then Doctors Realize They’re Not Kittens
Can a cat give birth not all kittens at once??
Bloody discharge after childbirth may indicate the presence of an unborn fetus.
If you suspect that a fetus remains in the womb, you should carefully observe the behavior of the animal.
- In such cases, the pet does not change the previous position, lies in the same place, and does not show interest in the babies or is very reluctant to care for them.
- Appetite and thirst are absent.
- Occasional pushing is possible.
- On palpation of the abdominal cavity. abdominal tension, muscle tone.
- Increase in body temperature throughout the day.
- Incessant bloody discharge from the vulva with a strong offensive odor.
Why a cat can not give birth to all kittens at once
The duration of labor in a cat can be about twenty-four hours, sometimes longer. The more kittens, the more difficult the process is. Both in duration and in possible pathology.
Features of childbirth in a cat
Features of labor depends on the age of the cat.
The duration and characteristics of labor depends on the following factors:
- the age of the pet;
- physiological general condition;
- belonging to a certain breed;
- diet during pregnancy;
- and care during pregnancy;
- hormonal background;
- individual structural features.
If the fetus is in the birth canal
In the case of the presence of a fetus in the birth canal, decomposition occurs over time, which subsequently entails the development of infection and severe intoxication of the body. Due to this pathology, the risk of loss of reproductive ability increases, in some cases, serious complications and death occur.
In some cases, according to the doctor’s recommendations, it is advisable to administer oxytocin at a dose of 0.3 ml to resume uterine contractions and release the fetus.
According to the doctor’s recommendations, it is advisable to administer oxytocin.
This measure also contributes to the speedy cleaning of the uterus. However, it should be remembered that the use of this drug can provoke an allergic reaction and must be used with great caution.
Normally, a cat’s labor does not take longer than 18 hours. And the countdown begins not with the birth of the first kitten, but from the moment the cat had contractions. You will notice from the change in the animal’s behavior that labor has begun. The mustache will have more frequent breathing and heartbeat, the expectant mother will start to get nervous, looking for a secluded place.
In the normal course of childbirth, assistance to the animal is not required. However, in case of any pathology, you should not help the cat on your own, contact your veterinarian immediately. Otherwise, any delay of the pet owner may result in the death of the mustache. Why can’t a cat give birth? What childbirth is considered pathological?
If the process of the appearance of kittens is prolonged, then you need to seek help from a veterinarian. If 24 or more hours have passed between the appearance of the first and the last kitten, we can safely talk about pathological childbirth.
And if the cat cannot give birth the second day, or not a single kitten was born, then immediately seek help from a veterinarian! Otherwise, the animal will die.
Do not try to help your cat give birth on your own at home. The problem of protracted labor may lie in weak labor, or maybe in the wrong arrangement of the fetuses that cannot come out (large-fruited, several kittens simultaneously leave the horns of the uterus and do not allow each other to be born, etc.). If you decide to inject drugs that stimulate uterine contraction, you can harm the mustache. If there is an incorrect positioning of the kittens, such “interference” can lead to rupture of the uterus.
Help is required for a woman in labor even when the kittens are dead. There is a risk that they died in a cat a few days ago, not all babies will be born, intoxication of the body has begun.
Why can’t a cat give birth?
No animal can walk pregnant all its life. Sooner or later, day X comes. the day of childbirth. How should they go? What childbirth is considered pathological? When is veterinarian assistance needed? What to do if a cat cannot give birth?
How to help a cat that cannot give birth
If you notice that the cat is already tired, her contractions have weakened, then try to put her on a bed or sofa, stroke her back (from the neck to the tail itself). This will both calm the animal and relax the muscles, and a kind of massage. The expectant mother will rest a little, recover and continue to give birth with renewed vigor. But if the pet is worried and tries to escape, it is not given in hand, do not touch it. Excessive stress will only slow down labor.
Don’t try to put pressure on your stomach while squeezing out the kittens. Do not drag the appearing kitten (you can only be extremely careful, gently support it), otherwise you will break the baby’s neck.
If the pet has not eaten for a long time, then offer her light food and water so that the cat can eat. But do not try to force feed or water the animal. Sweets can be offered some kind of sweetness so that glucose enters the body.
If you see that the pet is weakened, her health has worsened, the kittens were born dead or do not appear for a long time, but the cat continues to push, immediately call the veterinarian at home or take the giving birth mustache to the veterinary clinic yourself as soon as possible.
It is best to prepare in advance, find and negotiate with a veterinary clinic, which has an ultrasound machine and an X-ray room. With the help of an ultrasound examination, you can find out if the kittens are alive (the heartbeat will be heard). X-ray examination will help the veterinarian see how the crumbs are located in the birth canal. You can’t look at an ultrasound scan in such detail, because the kittens (if they are alive) will move, the muscles will contract. The veterinarian makes a decision based on the research data obtained: to perform an operation (caesarean section) or you can do with the administration of drugs to stimulate labor and maintain the animal.
Putting on sterile gloves, grease them with petroleum jelly and treat with a betadine solution. To examine and help the animal, it is necessary to very carefully insert a finger into the vagina, while not touching the anus, so that particles of feces do not get on the sterile glove. The other hand should be placed under the stomach, closer to the pelvis, it should be felt for the kitten and deployed along the bed of the birth canal. A hand inserted into the vagina determines how the fetus is going: limb, sacrum, tail, etc.
If the kitten’s head is turned to the side or goes with the chin, which prevents the fetus from passing through the opening of the pelvis, you need to very carefully insert your finger into the kitten’s mouth, carefully unfold its head so that its position does not interfere with the fetal movement along the vagina. Then you need to take measures to keep the fetus. By pressing below the anus on the perineum, you can induce the cat to push, while preventing the fetus from returning to the depth of the vagina and deviating from the correct position. After that, the kitten should be successfully born.
The owner’s help may be needed in a variety of cases, for example, if the fetus is stuck due to the fact that it goes forward with the sacrum, as with many other complications in childbirth.
In the same way, you can help the cat when the fetus moves forward with the sacrum. You need to grope the fetus outside in front of the cat’s pelvic outlet, grab it as described earlier. A finger inserted into the vagina should feel one hind paw and, hooking it, pass through the narrow opening of the small pelvis into the vagina. The same should be done with the other limb.
The time factor is very important here. It is necessary to get the kitten out as soon as possible, sometimes even at the cost of injury or death, since otherwise it can cause the death of all unborn fetuses.
If the cause of complicated labor is the large size of the fetus going head forward, the main resistance to movement is provided by the shoulders. With a finger inserted into the vagina, you should find the elbow bend, first of one, then the other limb and, grabbing each of them at the elbow joint, carefully turning the fetus from side to side, you need to alternately stretch them forward of the body, towards the vulva. If the kitten is located in the lower part of the birth canal, it will be born quickly, you just need to induce the cat to strain. To do this, it is enough to gently stretch the opening of the vagina.
It is necessary to carefully stretch the kitten with a sterile napkin if, when the contraction stops, the head disappears into the vulva again, and when the cat relaxes, it appears. How to do this, described above, when describing assistance with normal childbirth.
After each kitten appears, a placenta is born. The abnormality of the process of her flaking and a stop in the birth canal prevent the birth of the next kittens. In this case, grasp the placenta with a sterile tissue and gently pull until it is removed from the birth canal.
With uterine atony, an injection of oxytocin is indicated, which enhances contractions. If necessary, a second injection is given after 20 minutes. If after this the labor activity has not intensified, an operation is indicated. a cesarean section.
The amneotic sac and the fluid filling it are an obstacle to the breathing of the newborn, therefore, it must be opened within 30 seconds.
Usually the cat manages to do this, but due to the prevailing circumstances, sometimes she cannot do this. It is necessary to help the kitten to free itself by tearing the amnion starting from the mouth and along the entire body. Then you should free the mouth from mucus using a syringe with a spray can or an eye dropper.
To remove amniotic water from the nasal passages, the kitten is placed in the palm of the hand, carefully fixing the head, and sharply turning it head down, while the nostrils should be free and the newborn can breathe. Then the kitten is gently rubbed with a soft napkin or towel, after which they immediately bring it to the mother and let her sniff and lick it.
If a kitten was born weak as a result of prolonged difficult labor, it cannot breathe on its own. To provide him with first aid, two fingers from the sides slightly squeeze the chest, then squeeze it in the direction from the chest to the back, from front to back. If this technique is ineffective, artificial respiration must be given. To do this, you need to inhale a little air into the newborn through his nostrils and mouth opening so that the chest expands slightly. In no case should force be used so as not to cause harm and to avoid rupture of the lungs. Exhalation occurs spontaneously. Artificial respiration should be given until the kitten can breathe on its own.
How to help a cat give birth at home
There is always the possibility of various complications during childbirth. If childbirth takes too long, the time between the next birth of kittens increases, there is a weakening or cessation of contractions, despite the fact that labor has not yet ended, and bleeding has also begun, it is necessary to call a veterinarian.
It has already been said that cats are able to artificially delay childbirth, up to a maximum of 24 hours. This can happen after something has alarmed them. Animals are able to quickly arrange a nest elsewhere. Knowing this, in order to prevent the suspension of labor, irritants such as strong odors, noise, the appearance of strangers, etc. should be eliminated.
But prolonged and difficult childbirth may have other reasons. If the size of the fetus is much larger than the size of the birth canal, they speak of a mechanical blockage. Another reason may be insufficient force of uterine contractions, while weakening contractions are not able to push the fetus out of the birth canal. Very often, these reasons are interrelated, since prolonged unsuccessful attempts to push the fetus out lead to fatigue, the uterus stops contracting. The result is the cessation of labor. Pathology is more often manifested in obese and old-born animals, as well as in cases where there are few fruits and especially large ones are found among them. Whether dystocia will manifest itself, as a rule, it becomes clear already when the first kitten appears.
A mechanical blockade is formed due to the large size of the fetus or its incorrect position in the birth canal. For example, it happens that the fetus goes backwards along the birth canal. In these cases, the hindlimb is born first, or the tail is born first. The so-called breech presentation of the fetus, in which the kitten is born with the sacrum or tail, usually complicates childbirth. The hind limb born first (which happens in 20% of cases), as a rule, does not cause difficulties during childbirth. Much worse if the kitten walks with its head forward, but it is tilted to the side or forward.
A fracture of the pelvic bones can lead to serious problems, as can a narrow pelvis. A weak or emaciated uterus cannot contract strongly and often, and this leads to the fact that the animal cannot push the fetus out of the birth canal and give birth. There are many reasons for uterine atony. If the kitten is large, and the uterus is small, it can greatly stretch and expand, while the strength of the contractions is weakened. The same happens with multiple pregnancy, dropsy and twisting of the uterus. Sometimes the blood of a giving birth cat lacks certain substances and hormones, such as calcium or oxytocin. In this case, injections of calcium gluconate and oxytocin increase the activity of the uterus. But with a mechanical blockade, oxytocin is contraindicated, since its use can lead to a real threat of uterine rupture. If it is not possible to palpate the kitten in the birth canal, and labor is delayed, you need to contact the veterinarian and do an X-ray examination, which will give answers to questions about where the fetuses are located and what are their sizes.
The first kitten should be born within a few minutes after the cat has developed a dark green discharge. Such discharge indicates detachment of the child’s place from the wall of the uterus. The discharge is not a cause for concern, it is replaced by the usual generic discharge after the first baby is born.
It is better to invite a veterinarian if there are doubts about the successful course of labor in a cat. In some cases, precaution can save the life of a woman in childbirth and offspring thanks to a timely operation and qualified assistance.
It doesn’t matter if the alarm turned out to be false, care may be useful, if only because it will give the owner the opportunity to make sure that everything is in order.
There are certain signs that tell you it’s time to seek help from your veterinarian:
Sometimes the cat is at rest, feels good, and at the same time feeds the kittens, although the birth has not yet ended, but only interrupted. As mentioned above, this case should not cause concern, and it will be correct to focus on the behavior and well-being of the animal.
If any abnormalities are found during childbirth, and it is not possible to call a veterinarian, you have to manage on your own when helping a cat.
You should prepare everything you need for obstetrics. Gently wash the vulva and the area around it with soapy water.
IF LABOR DELAYS
Heavy labor in a cat
A cat cannot give birth what to do?
At 5-6 weeks, small embryos can already be felt in the belly of cats. This should be done very gently and carefully. Beginning at 5 weeks, cats begin to round their belly. However, sometimes this is not at all noticeable and up to 7-8 weeks. This is especially true for cats pregnant with only 1 kitten.
Duration and phases of pregnancy
The stages of pregnancy in cats can be divided into 3 main phases.
What to do if a cat cannot give birth?
In a normal delivery, the cat does not need any significant help from the human. It is enough to leave her in a calm, secluded atmosphere.
With pathological childbirth, one cannot hope that a little more time will pass and the cat is about to give birth. If the process deviated from the norm, it means that a certain reason contributed to this. If more than 24 hours have passed since the beginning of the first contractions, then such childbirth can be called pathological.
This condition indicates that the absence of contractions and attempts can cause the death of not only kittens, but also the cat itself.
What absolutely must not be done:
- Use medication to induce contractions.
- Press on a cat’s belly to push through kittens.
- Do an intense massage.
If childbirth lasts within 15 hours, but at the same time you are already beginning to panic, and you also see that the animal is exhausted and the intensity of labor pains has decreased, then you can resort to the following methods of assistance:
- Place the cat on the floor or sofa and stroke it very gently on the belly and back. So the animal will calm down and tune in to childbirth.
- If the kitten is stuck in the birth canal already at the exit, then you need to help the cat and get the cub out. This procedure should be done very carefully, without haste. It is strictly forbidden to pull the kitten by the head or paws. This can injure not only the pet, but also the cat’s birth canal, which will cause severe bleeding. It is best to drag by the folds of skin around the neck or torso.
- If the cat is tired, then offer her something to eat. Any cat’s favorite treats will do.
- If the kitten, being born, first showed its paws, then do not rush to pull it out. Gently push the cub back in. So, the animal will be able to change the position of the body. In a minute, the kitten will be born correctly. head first.
Important: do not resort to any global measures without first consulting your veterinarian. If the cat is breathing heavily, does not react to the owner and tries to hide away, then this may indicate internal bleeding.
Be sure to keep your veterinarian’s number handy so that you can always seek help in the event of an emergency. Do not rely on chance, as the cat is far from always able to help itself on its own.
What to do if a cat cannot give birth?
Normal delivery in cats lasts no more than 18 hours. If during the day your pet has not reproduced a single kitten, then this is a significant cause for excitement. What can you do yourself if your cat is unable to give birth and how not to harm??
The cat does not give birth for the second day. what to do?
What if the cat cannot give birth for the second day? This situation is critical and speaks of the owner’s ignorance in matters of feline birth.
If the cat’s contractions have disappeared, but at the same time it has become lethargic, apathetic and weak, then this indicates the onset of the inflammatory process. In this case, the kittens are already dead and the owner must urgently deliver the pet to the clinic in order to save her life. In this case, surgical intervention is indicated.
Abnormal childbirth can occur for a variety of reasons.
In most cases, they cannot be pre-controlled by the owner of the animal:
- large fruit size;
- improper location of the fetus in the birth canal;
- weak contractions of the uterus;
- infectious inflammation of the uterus;
- poor dilatation of the cervix;
- the presence of a secondary infection in the body;
- narrow pelvis;
- abnormalities in the structure of the vagina;
- ruptures in the uterus;
- insufficient strength of the abdominal press;
- a small amount of lubrication in the vagina;
- cancer, adhesions;
- twisting of the uterus;
- death of kittens in the womb.
The following factors can predispose to difficult childbirth:
- heavy weight;
- past difficult childbirth;
- specific features of a particular breed (Himalayan, Persian);
There are practically no changes in the cat’s behavior in the first 3 weeks. You may notice less appetite, drowsiness and decreased activity. It is impossible to understand whether a cat is pregnant by the nipples. You can notice a change in their color and size only after 3-4 weeks.
At 3 weeks, cats may vomit. It usually lasts 3-4 days or is one-time. The symptom is associated with stretching of the uterus and hormonal changes in the animal’s body.
How to further help your cat?
For a cat, as well as for a person, the comfort and support of the owner is very important. Before the cat gives birth to the first kitten, you need to quickly equip a convenient and optimally comfortable place for her.
It must meet the following parameters:
- The place should be in a secluded corner where the cat will not be disturbed by other households or pets.
- It is not advisable to lay the cat on a simple bedding and directly on the floor. A fairly spacious box with low sides or a pet’s favorite basket would be ideal.
- As a bedding, you need to choose a soft fabric and in no case synthetics, which will magnetize the wool and deliver unpleasant sensations to the pet.
- Next to the place where the birth will take place, you need to put the cat’s favorite bowl of water and some food. This will calm the pet and give him the opportunity to recuperate in time.
Pedigree cats are more difficult to cope with childbirth and often do not know what to do with a newly born kitten.
The owner must be prepared for such a situation, so it is also worth preparing the following auxiliary elements:
- Scissors (be sure to sterilize them before labor starts).
- Threads (needed to cut the umbilical cord).
- Sterile wipes and cotton pads.
- A piece of soft cloth.
Important: physiologically, cats are more likely to give birth in the evening or at night. If the due date is approaching, it is worth preparing for this and be sure to be at home in the evening. As soon as the cat starts contractions, she will notify the owners with a meow and loss of calm.
The cat needs to be stroked and stay with her for a long time. This will calm the pet and help it to gather and not panic. When the kitten comes out, it is worth making sure that the afterbirth comes out after him. Quite frequent are the cases when the afterbirth remains in the body of the cat, begins to rot and the animal dies.
Kittens are born in a bubble. This bubble is gnawed and eaten by the yard cats. Pedigree, however, often leave a bubble on a kitten and simply don’t know what to do with it. Then, without human help, the kitten may die.
To avoid this, the bubble must be cut and carefully removed from the kitten.
If the baby is not breathing, you need to wipe him with a soft towel, clean his nose with a napkin and start resuscitation:
- Turn the kitten upside down.
- Since the baby’s body is very fragile, it is worth doing all the manipulations carefully.
- It is required to smoothly lower the kitten upside down and raise it to the starting position with its muzzle up. You need to do 15-20 reps.
- If the kitten does not breathe, the baby needs to be given artificial respiration at home.
Important: it is worth understanding that artificial respiration must be done very carefully, the baby’s lungs are very small and a person can damage them with a strong exhalation.
If the kitten is breathing, but the cat for some reason does not bite the umbilical cord, you need to do it yourself. To do this, you need to tie the umbilical cord with a thread at a distance of 3.5-4.5 cm from the tummy and cut off the excess tissue with sterile scissors. The baby will not feel any pain, you should not worry.
After all these manipulations, the kitten can be given to the mother-cat. she will do the rest on her own. To keep the cat and kittens warm and dry, you can hang a table lamp above the birthplace.