home Cats The cat has an inflamed gum what to do

The cat has an inflamed gum what to do

Inflammation of the gums with gingivitis and periodontitis.

If the patient complains of inflammation of the gingival margin and its bleeding when brushing in the area of ​​all or most of the teeth, then this is certainly a symptom of either chronic gingivitis (Figure 1-2) or chronic periodontitis (Figure 4-6). The development of these diseases is associated with insufficient oral hygiene, as a result of which soft microbial plaque accumulates on the teeth, as well as hard dental deposits appear.

Inflammation of the gums (chronic periodontitis).

Inflammation in the gums with gingivitis and periodontitis occurs due to pathogenic bacteria that are part of plaque and tartar. The bacteria release toxins and inflammatory mediators that trigger a chain of inflammatory reactions in the gums. At the same time, gingivitis is the initial stage of such inflammation, manifested exclusively by bleeding when brushing teeth, pain in the gums, their swelling, redness or cyanosis. Inflammation with gingivitis affects only the gingival margin and is not accompanied by the destruction of bone tissue around the teeth.

In the absence of timely treatment of gingivitis, or in case of improper treatment, inflammation leads to the gradual destruction of the periodontal attachment, as well as to the destruction of bone tissue around the teeth. This stage of inflammation is already called chronic periodontitis. For periodontitis, all of the above symptoms of gingivitis are still characteristic, tooth mobility appears, periodontal s form with purulent discharge, gradual exposure of the roots of the teeth, etc.

Inflammation of the gums: treatment for gingivitis and periodontitis

If a patient complains of generalized inflammation of the gums, treatment for gingivitis and periodontitis begins with a procedure for removing dental plaque, and after that, a course of anti-inflammatory therapy is prescribed. It is possible to remove bacterial plaque and tartar from teeth only at the dentist, and usually ultrasonic cleaning of teeth is used for this (Fig. 7-8), but the course of anti-inflammatory therapy itself can be carried out at home.

Removal of dental plaque with ultrasound: photo


  • With gingivitis, inflammation covers only the marginal part of the gums, therefore, the above anti-inflammatory course and preliminary removal of dental plaque is quite enough for a complete cure of the patient. But to prevent inflammation from reoccurring, it is very important to maintain proper oral hygiene. Below the link you can read comprehensive information on the forms of gingivitis and their treatment.

With periodontitis, i.e. when teeth mobility, root exposure, suppuration from periodontal s joined the symptoms of gingivitis. just removing dental plaque and the above course of anti-inflammatory therapy will no longer be enough. It may additionally require antibiotic therapy, rinsing of periodontal s, splinting of movable groups of teeth, as well as surgical methods of treatment. Read more about this in the article.

Inflammation of the gums with periodontitis.

In localized periodontitis, inflammation develops in the interdental space, in which a periodontal is formed by inflammatory resorption of bone tissue around the tooth. In turn, swelling of the gums during exacerbation of chronic periodontitis is associated with the development of purulent inflammation at the apex of the tooth root (Fig. 13). In this case, swelling of the gums will appear most often in the projection of the apex of the root of a diseased tooth.

Inflammation of the gums with periodontitis: photo

The cause of the development of periodontitis (inflammation at the apex of the tooth root) is an infection in the root canals. Periodontitis occurs either as a result of the lack of timely treatment of caries and pulpitis of the tooth, or with poor-quality dental treatment, especially often with poor-quality root canal filling. Inflammation of the gums during periodontitis is usually limited to 1 causative tooth, but when a large purulent abscess forms, it can spread to several teeth (Fig. 14).

In all cases, inflammation, as a rule, is localized and is located in the projection of the causative tooth. In a periodontal tooth, a cyst (a pus-filled sac) forms at the apex of the root, which causes swelling of the gums. Swelling and swelling of the gums in this case will periodically appear, then disappear, etc.

How to relieve gum inflammation in periodontitis. if the inflammation is really caused by the development of periodontitis (and not gingivitis or periodontitis), then you need to make sure of this by taking an X-ray and comparing it with the data of a visual examination of the teeth. The causative tooth will always have either a carious defect or a filling. An x-ray will allow you to see inflammatory changes in bone tissue in the area of ​​the apex of the tooth root, as well as the quality of root canal filling, if it was previously performed.

Next, the tooth is treated. If the treatment of root canals in the tooth has not been previously carried out, then first, the nerve is removed and the root canals are mechanically treated, after which the inflammatory focus at the apex of the tooth root is treated with special pastes based on calcium hydroxide. Next, the root canals are filled with gutta-percha and the crown of the tooth is restored with a filling or crown. For comprehensive information on the treatment of periodontitis, see the article:

Anti-inflammatory therapy.

Below we will tell you how to treat gum disease at home. But you must understand that such a course will be fully effective only after the causative factor of inflammation (i.e., microbial plaque and tartar) has been removed from the teeth. If you use the following remedies without first removing dental plaque, then you can only temporarily drown out the symptoms of inflammation, translating the inflammation into a chronic course.

Treatment for gum disease at home usually lasts 10 days. The gums are processed 2 times a day (morning and evening), and it is important to do it only after eating and subsequent oral hygiene. Thus, in the morning you should have breakfast and brush your teeth, after which it will be necessary to first rinse your mouth with an antiseptic solution. With a slight inflammation, you can use a standard inexpensive 0.05% chlorhexidine solution for this, which is sold in any pharmacy for 40 rubles.

But, if you have severe inflammation of the gums and there is severe bleeding when cleaning, it is better to use solutions with chlorhexidine 0.2-0.25%. The best remedy for gum disease with such a concentration of chlorhexidine is Lakalut Active rinse, or PresiDent Antibacterial. To rinse, you need to take 10 ml of the solution into your mouth (one sip) and, without spitting anything, rinse your mouth for 1 minute.

After rinsing, apply a special anti-inflammatory gel to the gums. The best medicine for gum inflammation for these purposes is Cholisal gel (it contains 2 active components that penetrate deep into the mucous membrane and quickly relieve inflammation). For moderate inflammation, you can also use Periodontoside gel. The gel will be better fixed on the moist mucous membrane of the oral cavity if you dry the gingival margin with a dry gauze swab beforehand.

Next, squeeze the gel onto your finger and apply it to the gingival margin, which is adjacent to the anterior surface of the upper and lower teeth. Usually, the gel is applied to the gums only from the anterior surface of the dentition (from the lingual / palatal side, treatment is carried out if necessary). After applying the gel, do not drink for 30 minutes, do not rinse your mouth, and do not eat for 2 hours. Swallow the resulting saliva as usual, it does not need to be saved up or spit out. In the evening, repeat the treatment. again after eating and brushing your teeth, rinse your mouth, and then apply the gel.

Because of what arises?

The reasons can be very different. It’s worth starting with the same tartar. If the owners of the cat have never taken their pet to a session of removing hard deposits from the enamel of the teeth, the result will be disastrous: the plaque teeming with microorganisms will certainly cause inflammation of the gums, or even something worse. This statement is especially true for those cases when the cat is injured by eating some fish bones or poor quality dry food. An infection in the gum develops and causes a strong inflammatory reaction.

But all these are quite understandable and obvious factors of occurrence. It is much more interesting that sometimes gingivitis develops in cats with excellent teeth, complete absence of tartar, whose diet consists exclusively of high-quality canned food, or even raw meat. Where does gum disease come from? First, even with a good, but unbalanced diet, there may be a lack of vitamins. Of course, in the body of a cat, ascorbic acid is still synthesized, so it does not come to full-fledged scurvy But even the existing violations will be enough for the opportunistic microflora of the oral cavity to “retrain” into a pathogenic.

Do not forget about the age-related changes that occur in the cat’s body. We are talking about changing milk teeth to molars (yes, animals have them). This period is quite difficult, the immune system is in a somewhat suppressed state, and therefore gum inflammation at this moment is very likely. True, gingivitis in this case is relatively easy. And further. If your cat has been treated for a long time with drugs that cause a decrease in the immune status (corticosteroids, for example) you guessed it. he is also prone to gingivitis.

A more “extravagant” hypothesis is that the inflammatory process is caused by viruses. Some domestic and foreign researchers have put forward the theory that the pathology can contribute to weakened herpes viruses, feline leukemia, calciviruses. In particular, it is almost only their action that can explain the fairly widespread lymphocytic-plasmacytic gingivitis in cats. Until now, there are no exact assumptions where this disease comes from. Perhaps autoimmune processes are also involved in its appearance.

Many breeders note that purebred Siamese cats are especially susceptible to gingivitis. However, with almost the same success, short-haired mongrel animals are ill, so it’s clearly too early to talk about any genetic predisposition. In any case, photos with sick cats show approximately the same distribution across all natural groups.

How does it manifest?

It is difficult to find a cat breeder who would examine his pet’s mouth on a daily basis. over, cats in this regard are not like dogs, and an attempt to open your pet’s mouth can end in disaster for you. Therefore, the onset of the disease is most often recognized by the extremely unpleasant odor that cat’s breath acquires. The cat loses its appetite, is reluctant to eat even its favorite food. True, he does not refuse water and drinks it very willingly. At the same time, hypersalivation (salivation) occurs, as a result of which the animal looks very extravagant, with “icicles” of saliva, which hang from the mouth in abundance. What other symptoms are there??

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If you still find the strength and courage to look into your pet’s mouth, you will see a rather beautiful, but sad picture there: a bright red stripe will go along the edge of the lower edge of the teeth. You might get the impression that the cat has somehow “tinted” the teeth with lipstick. In the same cases, there is increased bleeding from the gums. Ulcerative gingivitis is especially difficult, since in this case there is a strong pain reaction, the animal practically does not eat anything and quickly reaches extreme degrees of exhaustion. Digestive problems may also occur, most often in the form of profuse diarrhea or constipation.

How does chronic gingivitis “behave”? In general, everything is the same. The cat has a persistent, bad breath, gums may bleed, the hair is felted, hanging like icicles. The latter happens due to the fact that the animal simply cannot lick itself normally. For the same reason, the cat often runs up to his bowl, but after taking a couple of sips or barely chewing a piece of food, he leaves. Due to constant hunger and the inability to satisfy it, the animal becomes very angry and irritable, behaves inappropriately. The cat quickly loses weight to the state of a “bicycle”, against the background of general exhaustion, a whole “bouquet” of secondary diseases often develops.

What is this disease?

Scientifically, this is the name of gum disease. The process, it seems, is difficult to attribute to serious pathologies, but nothing good should be expected from it. The fact is that an infection spreading along the gums may well lead even to sepsis, which is fraught with death, let alone the loss of teeth It will be a shame if a young cat turns out to be completely toothless! Often, it is gingivitis that leads to the appearance of abscesses in the internal organs. The fact is that the oral cavity has a huge number of vessels. Taking advantage of them, the pathogenic microflora easily “scatters” throughout the body. The question of how to treat advanced gingivitis should be decided only by a veterinarian.!

Gingivitis in cats. details on gum disease

Both the person himself and his pets are forced to eat daily in order to receive a surge of vital energy, a sufficient amount of vitamins and microelements. Therefore, any disease of the oral cavity is fraught with a significant decrease in appetite and deterioration in health. A prime example is feline gingivitis.

Feline Chronic Gingivostomatitis. a painful gum disease in cats

Therapeutic procedures

By the way, what to feed a cat with gingivitis, if she already has it? Of course, dry food should be eliminated immediately, because otherwise they will constantly irritate the inflamed gums and further aggravate the course of the inflammatory process. Experienced breeders say that if you have gingivitis, it is advisable to feed your cat with small pieces of soft, nutritious food. Particularly good are the special canned food intended for feeding sick, weakened cats. Broths can be used, as well as puree from vegetables and meat, which is well absorbed by the body and does not irritate the gums, since it does not need to be chewed. Raw meat and fish should also be completely eliminated from the diet.

Is there any advice on home treatment that will help alleviate the cat’s suffering before you go to the veterinarian? I guess, yes. Firstly, cat lovers often use decoctions of chamomile, sage, oak bark. In mild cases of gingivitis, with regular cleaning of the cat’s teeth (hydrogen peroxide can be used), complete recovery can sometimes be achieved, since these herbs have a good anti-inflammatory effect. Of course, you shouldn’t rely especially on their effectiveness. If possible, it is a good idea to use chlorhexidine, as it well destroys pathogenic microflora.

But we would like to note that it is better not to get carried away with independent experiments. Take the cat to the veterinarian as soon as possible, since it is long, expensive to treat neglected forms, and the animal itself does not tolerate such procedures well. In particular, in many cases it is necessary to completely remove the cat’s teeth Oddly enough, but at the first signs of deterioration of the animal’s condition, it is better to do it right away: it is highly likely that in this case it will be possible to quickly defeat the disease. As a rule, antibiotics are also prescribed, since old gingivitis with symptoms of necrosis cannot be cured without them.

Better yet, cut it all

Better yet, cut it all into pieces, since plaque is removed from the teeth if the cat bites off the meat from the piece. But at the same time, you need to be sure that the gums do not hurt, if they do, you must first brush your teeth at the dentist with anesthesia, then you can feed it like that. With such a diet, do not forget that you need calcium (critically) and other minerals and vitamins. Lack of calcium in the diet leads to hyperparathyroidism (thinning of bones, chronic fractures)

Gingivitis in cats: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

Gingivitis is a general term for inflammation of the gums (gums). Inflammation can affect one tooth or be widespread, affecting a large number of teeth. Gingivitis is a mild form of periodontal disease. Infection and inflammation spreads from the gums to the ligaments and bones that hold the teeth. In the absence of proper treatment, this loss of support for the tooth causes it to loosen and eventually fall out. Unhealthy teeth and gums have an extremely negative effect on the body, causing more than just bad breath, pain and the spread of infection. Since the gums have a good blood supply, bacteria easily spread and infect other organs (liver, kidneys, etc.), leading to their damage and even failure.

What Causes Gingivitis?

Dental Disease: Gingivitis is caused by plaque (bacteria and food debris). First, plaque forms on the teeth. Plaque that is not removed from the teeth hardens and becomes tartar. The stone is yellow, it is visible along the gums at the junction of them with the teeth.

Plasmacytic lymphocytic gingivitis: This is a severe form of gingivitis that causes acute pain, ulcers on the soft palate, oropharynx, and decreased appetite. The reason is still unknown. This disease appears to be related to an overactive immune response. Feline calcivirus, rhinotracheitis virus and feline panleukopenia virus can also cause this type of gingivitis.

What are the symptoms of gingivitis?

  • Bad breath;
  • Salivation;
  • Red or swollen gums, especially along the gum line.
  • Gums bleed, especially when touched;
  • Lack of appetite.

Your veterinarian will examine your cat’s mouth looking for symptoms of gingivitis such as tartar, red and sore gums, and bad breath.

A biopsy is required to diagnose plasma cell lymphocytic gingivitis.

Treatment depends on the degree of development of the disease. In the early stages of the disease, it can be treated at home by regularly brushing your teeth. Treatment may also include removing tartar. The gums in these cases are treated with special ointments. For example, Metrogyl Denta gel (sold at a human pharmacy), Dentavedin (sold at a veterinary pharmacy), Nibbler, etc.

Cats. experts at masking discomfort and pain, so many pet owners may not even notice that their cat is in trouble. This is another important reason why you need to have regular yearly checkups with your veterinarian. Even if you believe your cat is in good health, careful medical attention can spot problems early on. If treatment is started immediately, gingivitis can be cured, it is reversible, but if the disease progresses to periodontal disease, the damage will be irreversible.

Treatment of plasmacytic-lymphocytic stomatitis:

  • Regular plaque removal by your veterinarian
  • Conscientious dental care at home for a cat in the form of regular teeth cleaning;
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs such as prednisone;
  • Interferon and other immunomodulators;
  • Antibiotics.

If these treatments fail, your only option is to remove the affected teeth.

How to prevent gingivitis?

There are several ways to prevent gum disease. First of all, this is the prevention of the formation of tartar.

Brush your cat’s teeth regularly. This should be done with a special cat toothbrush and special toothpaste. Never use human toothpaste! Read about how to properly care for your cat’s teeth here “Cat’s teeth: care and prevention of diseases”.

You can purchase special foods designed to reduce plaque and prevent tartar formation. One such feed is Hills T / D.

Can’t feed the cat

You cannot feed your cat exclusively with raw chicken breasts, this is insufficient nutrition for her. A mono-diet or mono-diet leads to a lack of nutrients in the animal’s body. Indeed, a cat needs a lot of protein, more than a dog, but cereals (rice, oatmeal), vegetables (green beans, carrots, cucumber, zucchini), grass (oats) should be added to food from time to time. The meat should also be varied. chicken, beef, turkey, rabbit, duck (except pork). You can also give good vitamins. When fed exclusively with chicken breasts, the cat lacks carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals with an excess of protein, which can affect the kidneys. In addition, feeding raw meat can lead to infection with worms, in some cases to dangerous infectious diseases, so the meat should not be fresh or chilled, but boiled or frozen. Lack of minerals can also lead to a deterioration in the condition of your pet’s teeth.

Комментарии и мнения владельцев (1)

about the worms from the chicken not

I’m not sure about the worms from the chicken, but just plant the kidneys from an excess of protein. it is better to mix both meat and hearts and navels. grind everything finely and this minced meat will be more useful

Swelling and inflammation. questions and solutions

In this case, the cause of gum inflammation is all the same pathogenic bacteria that were activated as a result of a decrease in immunity. Self-removal of stones at the root of the tooth. It is important not to be mistaken, since the symptom is characteristic of various health disorders. It is necessary to subsequently polish the surface of the teeth. Do it gently, without violence. Only without fanaticism, stick to moderation. The second step in training is using a toothbrush. Abundant salivation. the pet does not swallow the resulting saliva, as it hurts to chew with its mouth. A mixture of baking soda, cinnamon, and ascorbic acid is the strongest for this. over, the latter is removed both above the gum and under.

At the initial stage, a yellow plaque forms on the teeth. The second name is plasmacytic-lymphocytic gingivitis.

Because of what arises?

Secondly, the concentration of many substances in toothpastes is too high for humans and can negatively affect tetrapods. Treatment of plasmacytic-lymphocytic gingivitis requires the use of antibiotics Tylosin or Amoxicillin. anti-inflammatory drugs and immunomodulators. Notice how your pet is behaving, eating, cheerful, or sad.

Cats. experts at masking discomfort and pain, so many pet owners may not even notice that their cat is in trouble. This is another important reason why you need to have regular yearly checkups with your veterinarian. Even if you believe your cat is in good health, careful medical attention can spot problems early on. If treatment is started immediately, gingivitis can be cured, it is reversible, but if the disease progresses to periodontal disease, the damage will be irreversible.

Regular plaque removal by your veterinarian Conscientious dental care at home for a cat in the form of regular teeth cleaning; Anti-inflammatory drugs such as prednisone; Interferon and other immunomodulators; If these treatments fail, the only option is to remove the affected teeth. There are several ways to prevent gum disease.

First of all, this is the prevention of the formation of tartar. Brush your cat’s teeth regularly. This must be done with a special cat toothbrush and special toothpaste.

Never use human toothpaste! You can purchase special foods designed to reduce plaque and prevent the formation of tartar.

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Treatment of gingivitis in cats with folk remedies Gingivitis; a condition in cats that causes gum disease. This is a fairly common ailment among cats over 5 years old. There is still no clear method for treating gingivitis in pets. In this article I will tell you about one of the most pleasant ways for some,; treatment with folk remedies.

The information is provided for informational purposes only and is not a guide to action, so first of all, consult your veterinarian to avoid possible complications.

Anti-inflammation, antimicrobials This section is the most extensive and useful for cat owners, as many do not know how to approach treatment.

The form of application can be different. With obvious inflammation and bleeding of the gums, you can use a tincture of calendula, less often feverfew and echinacea.

A cotton swab is dipped into the tincture, after which the pet’s gums are thoroughly rubbed with it once a day. After a while, the cat may improve its health, relieve pain. Grapefruit Seed Extract is the ideal home remedy for this, but it is very difficult to obtain.

This extract has antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial properties, eliminates parasites. Its method of application is the same as that of calendula tincture. Diet and Nutritional Medicine Dental problems are often associated with poor diet or gastrointestinal problems. To begin with, you will have to eliminate excess substances in the animal’s diet, such as carbohydrates that exceed energy costs, and starch. In small portions, you can add products such as: Apples, previously peeled from seeds Carrots, celery; Cleans teeth and kills bacteria Some fruits contain vitamin C, which creates an unfavorable environment for the development of microorganisms Taking peppermint by mouth also inhibits the growth of bacteria Fight against bad breath With gingivitis, breathing in a cat becomes, to put it mildly, unusual.

This is due to the activity of pathogens. Using home remedies for completely inflamed stitches in the dog will solve the problem. Echinacea and goldenseal mixtures are also effective, but they are more difficult to prepare; it is required to warm up in a microwave oven, and then cool the liquid for an hour.

A mixture of baking soda, cinnamon, and ascorbic acid is the strongest for this. When brushing your pet’s teeth, lightly massage your gums with your fingers or a sterile cotton swab. Before the procedure, you can let the cat taste a little of the resulting substance so that it does not try to escape suddenly due to the unfamiliar sensation. Before embarking on any alternative medicine, it is worth consulting your veterinarian. If there are ulcers or other injuries in the animal’s oral cavity, it is categorically contraindicated to do so.!

Frontline for cat ticks Drops for cat rhinitis; 4 different remedies Good herbs for cats Gingivitis in cats Gingivitis in cats or gum disease is a common condition that affects almost every second cat. The inflammatory process can occur on one tooth, and it can even affect a number of teeth.

In rare cases, in the absence of proper care of the pet’s teeth, there is an inflammation of all the gums of the mouth of a quadruple. Inflammation, intoxication, feeling unwell. in such a situation, natural protection is triggered, all the body’s forces are mobilized to restore, fight the disease.

Yes, and it hurts to take food, even drinking water is difficult for a fluffy pet. The situation may worsen so that ulceration of the mucous membranes occurs. The likelihood of complications increases, immunity decreases, the body weakens. Do not allow this, gingivitis in cats is treatable at home, a knowledgeable veterinarian will tell you how to proceed. The slightest wound in the mouth can greatly disturb the home ward, a person knows this by himself. Gingivitis is not just a wound.

It is rarely localized and concentrated in a small tissue area of ​​the gum. often, the pathological process extends to the entire mucous membrane of the mouth, it is clear that it is not up to activity when there is such pain. The gums are filled with blood, the tissues are inflamed, the vessels are fragile, they are injured even by soft food, blood is released.

In the acute course of the disease, the listed symptoms develop very quickly with an almost lightning-fast transition from the onset to the stage of extreme severity of inflammation. Timely diagnosis is essential for a complete cure. The chronic form goes in stages, the course is protracted. Insufficient care and poor treatment for gingivitis in cats will lead to relapses. It is the gingival tissue that is affected. There are other diseases with inflammation in the mouth, it is important to know the distinctive signs. With gingivitis, there is no loosening of the teeth, as they think.

The dental necks are not exposed, on the contrary, the gum rises swollen. At the base of the tooth, food debris accumulates with a yellow coating, settles on. The layer gradually grows, tartar forms. This environment is favorable for pathogens: The result is feline gingivitis, which can be difficult to treat. The problem is not so much in the drugs as in the pet’s reaction to your actions. She is in pain, and the disturbing place is being touched. How does a sick person know about the need for various manipulations?

So you will need patience too. Vitamin deficiency can often provoke gingivitis.

If the menu lacked vitamin C, then loosening and inflammation of the gums, various pathologies appear. The problem is easily eliminated. it is enough to balance the pet’s diet. The reason may be the weakening, depletion of the pet’s body by some kind of infection. The cat becomes susceptible to any pathogenic flora during illness. The subsequent recovery period is also difficult due to the fact that immunity is low, poorly resists the aggression of microorganisms.

Injuries to the gums are more likely to develop into inflammation in the cat and require treatment. Lack of brushing your teeth will certainly result in stones. This also applies to young cats and old ones, in the latter such formations are inevitable. In the future, inflammation of the gums is possible, in cats, the treatment of this ailment is sometimes difficult, especially in wayward.

Not all owners know what to brush their cats’ teeth. This is done regularly, in principle, infrequently.


Weight is greatly reduced, even extreme degrees of exhaustion are possible. It’s free and not dangerous.

Adult pets. once a week, kittens are allowed a pause of one and a half months between brushings. Self-removal of stones at the root of the tooth.

At home, you should brush your cat’s teeth with a special brush, then treating the mouth with an ointment or solution. Teeth cleaning Since the disease considered here; dental, you can not do without thorough cleaning of the pet’s teeth.

If this succeeds, then there is a great risk of damaging the gums. And this is the factor provoking the occurrence of gingivitis.

If ulcers are found, then a tissue biopsy should be taken to determine the plasmacytic-lymphocytic gingivitis. In the second case, the gum is opened, the roots of the affected teeth are cleaned, then the autopsy is sutured.

It will be safer and easier to see a veterinarian. Choose an experienced doctor, not everyone will be able to competently help, without undesirable consequences for the pet.

Kitten Are you out of your mind! Many breeders note that purebred Siamese cats are especially susceptible to gingivitis. This is easily explained by their anatomical proximity.

[GINGIVITIS IN CATS] & How to treat it

Removing a calculus from the neck of a cat’s tooth is almost a jewelry job. If the food is only soft, plaque forms faster, tartar. In nature, wild relatives of our pets do not have meat grinders, eating periodically solid food, they involuntarily clean off possible plaque from their teeth. Households do not have to choose: Only without fanaticism, stick to moderation.

If you develop the habit of controlling the state of your pet, then do not miss the time when she needs help. For a veterinarian, neither the identification of pathology, nor the choice of prescriptions is difficult. This is a veterinary remedy, a gel based on a complex of plants with anti-inflammatory and disinfectant properties. It is well tolerated, effective and wound healing, does not accumulate in the body of animals, and is not toxic. Designed specifically to eliminate infectious inflammation of the oral mucosa.

Apply the product with a brush or finger. twice a day. Gum disease in cats eliminates in one, maximum. two weeks. Additionally, it serves to prevent the formation of dental calculus. This gel is gently rubbed into the gums of the sick pet three times a day. Start with a sample, apply a little, not all over the diseased surface.

Gingivitis in kittens and cats

Gingivitis in cats is a serious problem that can cause complications if neglected. Inflammation in the absence of therapy leads to periodontitis, periodontal disease, necrosis of the jaw tissue and complete loss of teeth. The disease causes the animal a lot of suffering: the cat cannot eat because of the acute pain. The result of running gingivitis can be problems with the digestive tract and exhaustion.

Stomatitis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Stomatitis is an inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth. Unlike gingivitis, it can affect not only the gums, but also the tongue, sublingual space, and lips. The cause of stomatitis can be an infection in the animal’s mouth.

Sometimes stomatitis is a consequence, a secondary condition caused by other processes in the body:

  • congenital anomalies in the structure of the oral cavity;
  • renal failure, leading to the accumulation of nitrogenous substances in the blood;
  • diabetes;
  • pathology of the parathyroid glands;
  • autoimmune pathologies (for example, systemic lupus erythematosus);
  • the presence of tartar;
  • poisoning of the body with plant or chemical poisons;
  • decreased immunity.

Stomatitis is characterized by swelling and redness of the gums and lips. With stomatitis, the animal may completely refuse to eat, since chewing food causes serious pain.

Treatment of stomatitis should be aimed at eliminating the cause of inflammation of the oral mucous membranes. The veterinarian can determine the exact cause of the disease after examining the animal and carrying out diagnostic measures. The pet is prescribed antimycotics (in case of fungal infection), broad Spectra antibiotics (in the case of bacterial etiology), agents that strengthen the immune system.

Symptoms of the disease with a photo

It is difficult to independently diagnose gum disease in your cat. If your pet has red gums, this does not mean the development of gingivitis. A veterinarian can diagnose and determine the cause of the disease after examining the oral cavity and conducting laboratory diagnostics.

At home, you can suspect gingivitis for the following reasons:

  • unpleasant odor;
  • swelling of the gums;
  • increased salivation;
  • bleeding (gums bleed when pressed);
  • pet anxiety during palpation of the oral cavity;
  • lethargy, apathy, lack of appetite;
  • complete refusal to eat in severe forms of the disease.

Advanced gingivitis can be diagnosed without visiting a doctor. Bleeding ulcers are visible on the gums and palate of the pet, and an unpleasant fetid odor emanates from the mouth. With the development of periodontitis and periodontal disease, the animal cannot close its mouth and chew food on its own.

Causes of gum disease in cats

Why is the cat’s gums swollen and inflamed? This problem usually starts with simple tartar. Food debris on the gums and tooth surfaces begins to decompose if not removed promptly. The soft plaque gradually hardens and turns into tartar over time.

In addition to tartar, the following factors can provoke inflammation:

  • genetic predisposition of some breeds (Persians, Siamese cats, Maine Coons);
  • hormonal disruption in young animals (juvenile form);
  • malocclusion;
  • decreased immunity, vitamin deficiency;
  • hard and spicy food that leads to injury;
  • infections;
  • autoimmune processes in the body;
  • lack of oral care;
  • diabetes;
  • benign and malignant tumors.

Symptoms of gingivitis, stomatitis and other gum disease in cats, home treatment: how to quickly cure a pet?

Pets do not visit the dentist and cannot brush their teeth on their own. For this reason, oral diseases in cats are common in veterinary practice. At the initial stages, the inflammatory process in the gums may not manifest itself in any way. In an advanced stage, the pet experiences pain and physical suffering, since it is not capable of fully chewing food.

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How do you know if your cat needs treatment? What are the main symptoms of stomatitis in animals? Is it possible to prevent the problem with preventive measures?

What kind of gum disease do kittens, adult and elderly cats have??

The defeat of the mucous membranes of the mouth is more common in mature cats and cats over 5 years old. Red, sore gums around one or more teeth are a common symptom of gingivitis. However, diseases of the oral cavity are also found in young pets. Kittens during the change of milk teeth to molars, as well as cats under the age of one and a half years, often suffer from juvenile gingivitis, which develops due to an excess of hormones.

Periodontal disease is a consequence of gingivitis, it is accompanied by hyperemia and severe swelling of the mucous membranes. If untreated, it affects the tissues of the maxillofacial apparatus, provoking their necrosis. The consequence is partial or complete loss of teeth in the pet.

Sometimes the inflammatory process in the gums is called stomatitis. How is it different from gingivitis? How to recognize stomatitis in a cat?

What to do if your cat has an inflamed gum?

A cat can get sore gums even after a small scratch from a solid meal. If the process is not complicated by bleeding and suppuration, then the owner may not even notice that something is wrong with his pet. Most often, the problem is detected even when there are warning signs in the form of swelling, redness or suppuration of the gums near one or several teeth at once. Before that, you can notice that the animal behaves strangely during a meal. squints in pain, chews food more slowly.

What you need to fear first?

The most dangerous are pathologies associated with edema, bleeding and suppuration. Because of them, the cat not only gets inflamed gums, but also teeth can stagger and fall out. This is especially true for adults who are at risk of diseases such as stomatitis and gingivitis. But, before they appear, other options for the appearance of an unpleasant symptom should be considered:

  • Injury. From claws when playing or fighting other animals. From branches when climbing trees or solid food when eating. The worst of all are cuts from the bones of meat and fish, especially if the fragments remain in the gums. This can cause inflammation along with bleeding and pus. An abscess may even form at the site of the injury, which “swells” the cheek until all the pus is removed from its cavity. Small cuts or scrapes in the mouth in cats heal within a few days. For reliability, you can moisten a cotton swab with a solution of chlorhexidine and treat the affected area for a couple of days.
  • Foreign body. If a splinter enters the gum, then there is a high risk of developing an inflammatory process. over, it does not matter what kind of foreign body. a piece of wood or a splinter of a bone from a fish. In both cases, until the foreign body is removed from the gums, redness, swelling and bleeding will not disappear anywhere. Therefore, if there is at least some suspicion that something has got into the gum of the animal, it is better to see the veterinarian as soon as possible in order to prevent the development of the inflammatory process. It will be extremely difficult to remove a splinter on your own, even from the calmest pet. In some cases, anesthesia has to be done in order to make an incision and complete removal of the fragment. Such a procedure is usually resorted to already in the presence of a formed abscess.
  • Dental calculus. A serious problem for many pets, which the owners face from the first years of their pet’s life. This applies to owners of breeds who are at risk for the formation of deposits on the teeth due to an incorrect bite (Persian, Exotic, Maine Coons, Sphynxes). In these cats, great importance is attached not only to proper nutrition. the complete exclusion of plant and soft foods from the diet, but also to regular brushing of teeth, which is best taught from the first days of a kitten’s life. Typical signs of calculus are yellowing of the enamel on the teeth, sore gums, bleeding and an unpleasant odor from the mouth. If there is only plaque on the teeth (mostly yellow and brown), you can do with a procedure that includes chipping off the deposits using a special dental instrument. In difficult cases, it is necessary to use mechanical cleaning, which is carried out under anesthesia. At the end of the procedure, a special protective paste is applied to the teeth. This cleaning is recommended at least once every few years in breeds with a tendency to develop chronic gingivostomatitis.
  • Teeth. Even at a young age, they can cause discomfort to the animal, especially if chips or caries. In 90% of cases, serious dental problems in animals begin in old age, but some breeds are prone to developing deep caries long before reaching the 10-year mark. Even one carious tooth can provoke severe inflammation of the gums, which manifests itself in redness and swelling. If you ignore these symptoms, then there is a risk of complications of the process with bleeding and soreness, which will eventually lead to complete destruction and loss of the tooth. There are many known cases when a tooth fell off at the root in young cats. So this root must be removed, since it is a potential source of the inflammatory process in the future. It is also better not to joke with caries, since tooth extraction and the development of chronic gum disease will bring a lot of torment to the pet and its owner.

The cat has an inflamed gum photo

Separately, I would like to dwell on gingivitis and stomatitis, which can also cause gum inflammation in cats. The main reasons for their appearance are considered to be tartar, deep caries, foreign bodies and rotten roots, which we described in detail above.

Detailed description of possible causes

If a cat has swollen gums near one tooth, then the problem may lie in the root, which can become inflamed due to neoplasms. You can only see the problem on x-rays. There are also a number of conditions that are common in cats of all ages throughout their lives. Let’s take a closer look at the most common ones:

  • Injury. A cut from a splinter of bone from meat or fish can lead to reddening of the mucous membrane in the mouth. If a cat has swollen gums, then there is a risk of developing inflammation, which is also characterized by the appearance of pus and an unpleasant odor from the mouth. Some pets injure the mucous membrane of the mouth when they chew on branches from trees or plastic toys. Small scratches heal on their own, causing discomfort to the animal for several days. It is recommended to treat deep cuts with a cotton swab dipped in chlorhexidine solution 2-3 times a day. For the healing period, exclude solid food from the diet, replacing it with dairy products or vegetable purees.
  • Foreign body. Most often, a cat’s gums can become swollen if something gets into it. Usually, small bones from fish or meat get stuck in the gums, less often wood chips or plastic shards (when chewing on toys). The splinter interferes with the animal not only while eating, but also at rest. It is possible to suspect something was wrong due to the increase in salivation and refusal of solid food. Also, the pet’s activity decreases, and when you touch the jaw, there is pain. A close examination of the mouth can reveal redness and swelling of the affected gums. The putrid smell of their mouth and the presence of pus when pressed on the affected part of the mucous membrane indicate the development of an inflammatory process. You can remove a foreign body yourself only in cases where there is no inflammation. This can be done with tweezers, firmly grabbing the tip of the splinter and pulling it out sharply. You need to make sure that there are no remnants of a foreign body left in the wound, as they can fester. If there is swelling, pus and redness, then it is better to take the animal to a surgeon who will make the extraction procedure painless.
  • Abscess. It is often possible to detect the appearance of an abscess in the mouth of an animal only when problems with food intake appear (refusal of dry food, long chewing of food, etc.) or visible defects (swelling of the gums, cheek, eyes, nose). The cause of the appearance of an abscess can be trauma to the gums, the ingress of a foreign body into it, the remaining roots after breaking off the teeth. Ulcers are characterized by an acute course with large swelling, an abundance of pus and severe pain. In this case, an abscess on the gums can provoke swelling of the entire face of the animal or one of the cheeks, nose, and eye area. In each case, the solution to the problem may differ, since much will depend on the factors that provoked the appearance of the abscess. In difficult cases, the abscess is opened and cleaned to remove pus and lymphatic fluid. If necessary, drainage is done to drain the pus in the future. The pet owner is told and shown how to take care of the wound (antiseptic treatments, putting ointments into the cavity, etc.). Healing is long, with an abundance of discomfort for the animal. Therefore, nutrition (liquid food) and proper wound care will be of great importance.
  • Gingivitis. An inflammatory disease that occurs in cats mainly after the age of 10 years. But, there are breeds that have an innate predisposition to this pathology, so they can manifest it from the first years of life. You need to be careful if the cat has swollen gums, redness or an unpleasant odor from the mouth. These signs in breeds such as Sphynxes, Maine Coons, Exots or Persians may be the first sign of developing gingivitis. Malnutrition, congenital features of the jaw, tartar or deep caries can provoke its appearance. In breeds with a flattened muzzle, it is recommended from childhood to carry out regular examination of the mouth and brushing of the teeth, since they have a congenital predisposition to gingivitis. Treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms. Sometimes it is possible to get by with the use of anti-inflammatory ointments, in some cases it is necessary to remove all teeth.

What to do if your cat has swollen gums?

You can understand that a cat has swollen gums by its behavior while eating. Characteristic signs are considered to be an increase in the time that the animal spends on chewing food, and a partial refusal of dry food (if it is present in the diet). Unfortunately, not many owners can boast that they regularly and freely examine the oral cavity of their pet. Therefore, many veterinarians recommend teaching cats to this procedure from childhood, especially for elite breeds suffering from dental and gum diseases even at an early age.

The cat has a swollen gum photo

If the cat has swollen gums near the tooth, then it is recommended to show the animal to the dentist, as there is a risk of developing caries.