Table: method of treatment depending on the type of disease
A cat combing her neck to sores: what worries the pet and how to help him
When a cat starts scratching its neck, the first thought that comes to the owner is that the pet has got fleas. Most often, this is the explanation for the itching, but this is far from the only reason. Sometimes the discomfort is so severe that the cat scratches its neck until blood and wounds appear. Such a condition, especially in the absence of signs of parasite habitation on the animal, should be a direct signal that it is time to understand the situation.
Photo gallery: drugs for the treatment of itchy wounds on the neck of cats
It should be understood that itching and wounds due to scratching are only a manifestation and consequence of a violation, so the problem will not disappear until its source is eliminated. Before going to the clinic, the owner should try to alleviate the condition of the animal. Bleeding wounds must be treated with an antiseptic (chlorhexidine, Miramistin, hydrogen peroxide), which will reduce the risk of secondary infection. You cannot carry out any activities with cosmetics. bathing with shampoo, applying creams, powders for wool, etc.
If a cat begins to have lichen, and the owner decides to redeem his pet, then this will only aggravate the situation. the spots will “creep” all over the body very quickly.
It is also recommended to adjust the diet and exclude all those foods that are prohibited to animals (loaf, bagels, sweets, sausages. products from the common table), since an unbalanced diet negatively affects the condition of the skin and can aggravate the course of diseases.
How to look for the cause of itching
Noticing that the cat is scratching its neck before the wounds, the owner should pay attention to the characteristic manifestations of the problem. It is the additional symptoms that can indicate the cause of the discomfort:
- If, in addition to itching, hair falls out on the pet’s neck and ears, the skin peels off and numerous crusts form, then most likely the reason lies in the activity of the subcutaneous tick. Demodectic mange can be diagnosed in a veterinary clinic, where scrapings from the affected skin will be taken from the cat for examination under a microscope. It is worth noting that if at least one gatoi mite is found in the samples, then the diagnosis is made immediately, but the conditionally pathogenic cati mite should be in one sample more than 2-3 pieces for the diagnosis, because in a small number the representative lives on the skin of any cat and does not cause disease.
- Stool disturbance, poor appetite, decreased coat quality, “rolling” on the bottom of the carpets, combined with itching and scratching on the neck and on the body as a whole is a sign of a cat’s infection with helminths.
5 Types of Cat Scabs Treatment. Meowkai
Infection with worms causes significant discomfort in a cat, forcing it not only to itch, but also to ride on the pope and constantly lick itself
With dry eczema, papules filled with fluid dry out, and with weeping, they burst, forming ulcers
If a cat has recently been wearing a flea collar and it is persistently itching around it, then most likely the animal suffers from an allergic reaction. an intolerance to some component in the composition of the prophylactic agent has manifested itself. This is often observed after using flea drops. they are applied to the withers, and intolerance will cause a reaction in the neck area. Itching after introducing something new to the cat’s life, such as a different food, shampoo, or medication, should also hint at an allergy.
An allergic reaction to a flea collar will be clearly localized on the animal’s neck
What to do if a cat scratches its neck until it sores and blood
Combing the skin to wounds in any case should be a reason to take the cat to the veterinarian. Even if the cause is simple, the doctor will be better able to assess the condition of the animal and prescribe the most effective treatment. The set of therapeutic measures will completely depend on the source of the itching.
Skin diseases can be triggered both by changes within the body and by pathogenic microorganisms:
- Fungal dermatological diseases (dermatomycosis) are a common cause of problems in cats caused by mold and yeast infections. The most common disease of this group is lichen, the causative agent of which is the microsporum fungus, epidermophyton or trichophyton. The disease affects the hair follicles and skin. Lichens are contagious and easily spread from cat to person, so owners should be vigilant, especially if there are small children in the house. The disease is manifested by symptoms:
- round redness appears on the body, which itch strongly and bother the animal;
- peeling of the skin and loss of hair are observed, which most often affects the area of the head, neck and limbs;
- when a secondary infection is attached, the combs can transform into festering wounds.
Lichen most commonly affects the head, neck and extremities, causing itching, flaky skin and hair loss.
The cat itches to sores and hair falls out
Often the owners notice that the cat is scratching the neck. Their excitement increases when they see scratches, wounds, bald patches with loose hair on the neck, behind the ears or under the chin. Pet owners ask one question: “Why is this happening? What to do?” There can be many reasons. Let’s consider the main ones.
The infection can be brought into the house with shoes and then spread to the cat’s skin. If there are even small wounds, scratches, then skin inflammation occurs. It causes itching in animals, provoking the urge to scratch the neck. If you do not pay attention to these wounds in time, then suppuration may occur. For treatment, ointments and powders are used to treat the neck. At home, veterinarians recommend sulfuric ointment or a new drug, Jungon powder. Such diseases are not dangerous for people.
Varieties of lichens (dermatomycosis) belong to fungal infections. Lichen is accompanied by the desire to scratch the neck, hair loss in the lesions, it is distinguished by sharply delineated edges. Only a doctor can determine the type of lichen and prescribe internal and external treatment. Dandruff often appears on areas of skin affected by fungi.
Pet owners need to be aware that mycoses are transmitted to humans and can be dangerous, especially for children. Ringworm is especially contagious, which sick cats can infect. Domestic cats should be taken to the clinic at the first suspicion of lichen. On the street, it is necessary to supervise small children, not allowing them to stroke stray animals.
Stressful situations associated with moving, the appearance of new family members, both people and animals, can make a cat want to scratch its neck until it bleeds. If you are sure that the cat itches to sores due to stress, then you can give her special pills for cats and cats “Bayun Cat”. They are made from herbs and have a mild soothing effect. They are used before the road and other stressful situations.
Not all cat owners know that helminth infections can cause itching and scratching of the neck. Worms disrupt metabolism, which leads to a lack of nutrients in the body of pets. And as a result. dry skin, dandruff and itching. On the other hand, the presence of worms in a cat’s body can cause an allergic reaction, accompanied by a rash and itching. The result is easy to predict. the cat is combing his neck until it bleeds.
Infection with worms can occur through:
- raw meat or fish, if given to cats;
- flea bites;
- from a cat to a kitten.
If you suspect helminthiasis, you can take tests of the animal’s feces, conduct a course of taking anthelmintic drugs. Cat owners should periodically carry out a prophylactic anthelmintic course. After all, the whole family can suffer from cats infected with worms. This is especially dangerous for young children playing with pets. Often cats sleep in the same bed with their owners, which in the presence of helminths in animals contributes to the infection of people.
Causes of itching in the neck
If the animal begins to scratch the neck area, then this behavior can cause various health problems.
You need to start by checking for fleas. And if insects or their eggs are found, it is necessary to carry out treatment with special preparations or redeem with flea shampoo. It must be remembered that even after getting rid of insects, a substance remains in the body that has entered the bloodstream during the bite. Its irritating effect can last up to a month and a half, making the pet want to scratch the neck, up to blood.
If fleas are excluded, then other reasons need to be considered, among which may be the following:
- skin infections;
- hormonal disorders;
- endocrine disorders;
- psychological problems;
In addition to well-known and noticeable fleas, a cat can scratch its neck, chin, ears when infested with other parasites. When ear mites appear, the cat begins to ruffle the ear, trying to scratch the inside with its paw. Such an attempt leads to the appearance of wounds, blood inside the ear.
Other parasites infect the face area, which makes the cat want to scratch the chin, neck, and around the eyes. Infection with sarcoptic mange (scabies mites) can occur anywhere on the body.
Rarely enough, but there is an infection with cheiletiellosis, a separate species of ticks. They settle mainly along the back, and are small white dots that move. Therefore, cheiletiellosis is often called “pityriasis” scabies. Lice, which can be seen in the fur of the cat, can also cause the animal to scratch its neck.
Definition of pathology
The increased sensitivity of the animal’s immune system to the effects of certain substances can identify agents that are harmless in nature as a pathogenic irritant. A pronounced reaction causes rejection mechanisms, provoking acute inflammatory processes.
A feature of animal allergy is individual intolerance to various agents. Signs and degree of manifestation may differ depending on the characteristics of the pet’s organism. To find out why a cat is scratching its neck, you can study the symptoms of the disease:
- hyperemia, redness of the skin;
- severe itching (the animal scratches and scratches itself);
- discharge from the nasal passages;
- tearing eyes, otitis media;
- hair loss;
- rash, papules;
- upset gastrointestinal tract (diarrhea, vomiting).
Purulent inflammations indicate the development of secondary bacterial lesions. The onset of allergies can be observed even with a small amount of irritant exposed to or ingested.
Features of the reaction
Signs of different types of allergies have similar manifestations. An abnormal response to flea saliva can cause extensive damage to the croup, back and tail. Food allergies are more common in the head and neck area. Periods of seasonal exacerbation are also possible. The phenomenon is most typical for atopic dermatitis.
It is important to find out in a timely manner why the cat is scratching the neck a lot. Ulcers, open wounds and rashes can pose a serious threat to the health and life of a pet, acting as source of secondary infection. Some felines are more prone to allergic reactions.
This fact is explained by heredity and peculiarity of the breed. Pronounced signs can manifest themselves against the background of insufficiency of the enzymatic system, congenital abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract, unfavorable ecology of the environment.
The main factors
The causes of acute manifestations of allergies, when a cat scratches its neck to sores, can be:
- plants, pollen, mold;
- household chemicals;
- cigarette smoke;
- flea saliva (flea medicine);
- environmental materials (fabrics, plastic, rubber).
Animals that have the opportunity to walk in the open air are more susceptible to developing reactions to flea bites, agents of plant origin. Even in the absence of the obvious presence of insects, injury by contact with other animals is possible. One flea bite is enough for intense itching for several weeks.
Substances and materials of the external environment can provoke severe atopic dermatitis with painful manifestations. The mechanism of development most often occurs at the age stage up to 3 years. Allergen is very difficult to identify and eliminate.
An irritating factor can be various substances and objects from the external environment. A pet cannot be completely isolated from contact with agents. The pathological condition requires lifelong therapy. Taking medications regularly will make your pet’s life easier, making it comfortable enough.
It is possible that when a cat scratches its neck until it bleeds, it is due to a food allergy. It is quite difficult to find out which food product provokes a reaction. The development of pathology may not occur instantly, but over a long period of accumulation of the immune response to the agent. In the future, with the subsequent use of an allergenic product, the reaction manifests itself quickly. Quite often it occurs on protein foods.
Why does a cat scratch its neck?
Conditions when a cat scratches its neck can be caused by various reasons. Pathology requires careful study and treatment in order to avoid complications. Injuries to the surface of the skin due to intense exposure can become source of penetration of pathogens. Secondary infection leads to the development and spread of infection.
Diagnostics and therapy methods
Only a qualified specialist can diagnose the disease. Symptoms require differentiating allergy symptoms from similar manifestations of other diseases. It is important to identify and exclude the effect of the agent on the pet’s body. Allergy therapy in cats involves the constant use of drugs. It is impossible to get rid of the disease forever.
Painful reactions are treated depending on the type of stimulus:
- Flea saliva. A course of antiparasitic, anti-flea remedies is applied.
- Food allergy. Complete exclusion from the diet of a product acting as an agent. A special diet will help determine the irritant. Additionally, drugs are prescribed for general cleansing of the body.
- Atopic dermatitis. Regular intake of antihistamines is recommended.
Preventive measures are the best solution for cats with allergic reactions. Systematic treatment of the animal with anti-flea drugs will protect against the pathogenic effects of the insect. You will need to exclude products for animal hygiene with a pronounced odor. The pet’s body can react painfully to chemical fragrances in shampoos, toilet filler.
Periodic bathing with a mild agent will have a positive effect, relieve itching and prevent the buildup of agents in the coat. The procedure should be carried out no more than twice a week in order to avoid overdrying the skin. Pathological manifestations of dust can be prevented by regular cleaning and cleaning of materials in contact with the animal.
A doctor will help you choose a balanced diet for your pet, excluding foods that act as a factor of irritation of the gastrointestinal tract. You will need to draw up a special diet, abandoning industrial feed. It is important to create optimal conditions for your pet by eliminating possible allergens from the external environment.
If the cat is constantly scratching and licking itself, this indicates the ingress of the allergen into the body and the response of the immune system. This is due to histamine, which is released in large quantities and enters the bloodstream in response to a foreign agent. The cat scratches its neck, licks its belly, and scratches its ears and muzzle. Often there is a runny nose, eyes turn red, mucous membranes swell. In places where the cat tore the skin, ulcers and bald patches form. Etiology:
- decorative cosmetics for animals and people;
- household chemicals;
- flowering plants;
- dust and mold in the room;
- the owner’s perfumes;
- food additives in low-quality feed;
- dandruff and hair of the owner.
Infection with parasites
Causes and symptoms of itching to sores
Why does a cat itch to sores. 5 reasons for an unpleasant symptom
If the cat itches to sores, this may be a symptom of an allergic reaction, the presence of helminths, lichen, skin parasites, endocrine system diseases. Associated signs include itchy skin, hair loss, and red spots on the skin. In case of deviations in the state of health, the owner should show the pet to the veterinarian. The doctor will diagnose, prescribe therapy and give preventive recommendations.
According to veterinarian statistics, food allergy in cats accounts for 1% of skin lesions.
If the cat tears apart the paw, tail, area under the eye, on the back, the veterinarian conducts an external examination. Flea dermatitis can be detected when small black granules. flea excrement. appear on the skin. With subcutaneous infection, the epidermis and scales are scraped. Pyodermic scratching in a cat requires a study of pus to determine the pathogen. Fungal infections are detected with a Wood lamp. In addition, diagnostic methods are prescribed, such as:
- general and biochemical blood test;
- thyroid tomography;
- hormone research;
- analysis of feces for eggs of worms.
When a cat is combing itself, experiencing severe itching, it means that subcutaneous mites have invaded. These are notoedrosis, otodectosis, demodex. Insects parasitize in the upper layers of the epidermis and affect the area around the eyes, behind the ears and inside the auricle, muzzle, eyebrows, head, inner thighs. The cat scratches its neck until it bleeds, becomes aggressive, sleeps and eats poorly. Her hair falls out in clumps, a red spot forms in place of the bald patches, which her pet comb out with her paw. If the cat itches, but there are no fleas, this indicates a parasite bite and the body’s reaction to substances contained in saliva. 1 random flea bite is enough to cause flea dermatitis.
According to veterinarians’ statistics, 8% of cases of thyroid hormone production disorders are diagnosed in animals over 8 years old.
Disruption of the thyroid gland or adrenal glands leads to the fact that the cat’s back, limbs, and abdomen itch. Provoking diseases. Cushing’s syndrome, hyperthyroidism. Hormonal disruption provokes a change in behavior, due to which the pet becomes aggressive, anxious, begins to lick vigorously until bald spots form.
Lichen and other types of mycoses of the skin
The reason why the cat itches, but there are no fleas, may be various fungal skin lesions. Dermatomycosis is a common and varied pathology in cats. They are caused by molds, yeasts. In weakened animals and kittens, progressive mycosis can lead to death.
Dermatomycosis in cats is a poorly studied group of diseases. The most famous is trichophytosis or ringworm:
- with a disease, areas with lost hair are formed;
- pathology is accompanied by the formation of profuse dandruff and severe itching, in which the cat scratches the site of the lesion until sores appear;
- many types of mycosis are transmitted through the bites of blood-sucking insects.
A sick pet can infect its owner. Small children are in particular danger, in whom, due to insufficiently formed immunity, there is no protection against fungi.
All types of cats are susceptible to disease with skin fungal pathologies. But veterinarians note that Persians are especially prone to fungal infections.
When scratching, foci of hair loss, especially clearly limited ones, you should consult a doctor, since only with the help of microscopy it is possible to establish the type of pathogenic fungi and determine how to treat.
Therapy of mycoses involves preparations of the griseofulvin group, vaccination and the use of external antifungal agents. Itching can be treated with symptomatic external agents. The cat itches as long as there is an annoying factor. it will disappear and the pet will not itch.
Infection with exogenous insects
The cat can scratch even in the absence of fleas, in addition to them, other arthropods can parasitize the pet. External parasites cause various diseases in cats, the most dangerous of which are:
- ear mites;
- sarcoptic mange, which is localized in different parts of the body;
- notoedrosis, which is most often manifested by a lesion of the muzzle.
Treatment for ticks, chewing lice, fleas involves the use of special means. drops, sprays, shampoos. They help not only remove fleas and other parasites, but also relieve itching.
Possible causes of itching
The cat itches a lot if fleas pester her. Even when they are not visible, and the owner is completely sure that all insects are bred, it should be remembered that the reaction to flea bites lasts up to 1-1.5 months. Be sure to carefully check your pet for fleas.
The reasons that cause severe itching in a pet can be:
- fungal and bacterial skin infections;
- endocrine diseases;
- hormonal imbalance;
- blood-sucking insects and chewing lice;
- allergic reaction to food, care products, cosmetics.
The structure of the cat’s brain is much closer to that of a human than that of a dog. In a cat, the same parts of the brain are responsible for emotions as in humans, therefore the same reasons cause stress in it. humiliation, psychological pressure, undeserved punishment. And stress manifests itself in a very similar way, including skin reactions.
Consider the reasons why the cat itches, if there are no fleas and methods of treatment.
Itching caused by helminths
Helminths not only have a pathological effect on cat digestion. Worms lead to the loss of essential nutrients by absorbing micronutrients from the intestines. As a result of a lack of nutrition, the pet’s skin becomes dry, dandruff appears, and the cat licks itself much more often and more intensely, trying to get rid of the itching.
Intoxication of the animal’s body with waste products and toxins produced by worms provokes an allergic reaction, skin rashes, itching. Even a tiny kitten can suffer from helminthiasis by catching the parasite from an adult cat. Therefore, if the kitten itches, it is necessary to check its feces for the presence of worm eggs. The area around the anus can also itch when helminths crawl out to lay eggs. The cat then behaves in a characteristic way. “rides” the booty on the carpets, relieving the itching.
In the body of cats, 3 types of helminths parasitize:
- round worms;
- tape helminths;
Some species are transmitted by flea bites to humans. The presence of worms in kittens leads to a delay in growth and development, and in pregnant cats, worm infestation can provoke a miscarriage. In the presence of individual individuals in the body, the disease may be asymptomatic. Fleas transmit helminthiasis to other pets, so you need to treat all the inhabitants of the house.
If itching is caused by worms, then it is necessary to deworm the animal. For this purpose, as prescribed by a veterinarian, the animal is given Prazitel, Pirantel, Troncil K, Kaniquantel, Profender, Polivercan (sugar cubes), Panakur, Febtal, Dirofen, Milbemax, Drontal. But you should first undergo an examination and establish the type of parasite, since broad Spectra drugs are much more toxic than those that act selectively.
Infectious skin diseases
Itching in an animal can be caused by an infection that has got into the thickness of the skin through scratches, small wounds, flea bites. The local inflammation causes the cat to itch violently, but bacterial infections can heal well. Veterinarians advise using topically sulfuric ointment or Juglon powder. These drugs cope equally well with dermatomycosis and bacterial infections. Systemic treatment may require antibiotics, but these medications should only be given as directed by a doctor.
Infectious skin lesions in cats are secondary and cannot be transmitted to humans. Most often, humans are source of infection for cats.
Why does a cat itch if there are no fleas?
Sometimes the cat itches to sores on the neck, but there are no fleas. the itching of a pet can be caused by various diseases. The best way out is to visit a veterinary clinic, where the cat will be provided with professional help. Indeed, as a result of intensive licking and combing, the surface of the skin is injured and through these “gates” pathogens can enter the animal’s body, causing secondary infection.
Allergies in cats can be caused by various factors:
- anti-flea collar;
- flea remedies;
Only a veterinarian is able to determine the allergenic factor and prescribe treatment. Often, flea collars are the cause of contact dermatitis, which causes hair loss, itching, and scratching of the neck area. The owner needs to closely monitor how the animal reacts to changes in the diet or the use of new pet hair and skin care products.
The cat may scratch due to systemic pathologies. With endocrine diseases, the cat begins to scratch the area of the neck, ears, back. The feline spine is very flexible, so the pet begins to scratch hard-to-reach areas, which leads to sores. Untreated allergies can lead to Quincke’s edema and death of the animal.
There are many reasons why a cat begins to itch. When a cat scratches itself occasionally. this is the norm for cats, but when the animal scratches and licks a certain place before the formation of wounds and sores, you should immediately contact your veterinarian to avoid serious consequences for the pet’s health.
Infectious skin diseases
Skin conditions are the most common problems that cause discomfort to cats and their owners. Most often, pets who walk on the street from time to time suffer from this.
Diseases caused by bacterial infections occur in two forms, such as:
- dry, accompanied by the formation of dry scaly plates and crusts;
- moist, expressed in the appearance of abscesses and blisters filled with exudate.
Cats that have undergone serious illnesses, as well as surgical operations, are immobile for some time, as a result of which they develop bedsores. Tissue death occurs in areas of prolonged contact of the skin with the litter. To prevent this, the animal needs to be turned over as often as possible, and the places where bedsores can form should be wiped with camphor alcohol or disinfectants.
Cats with hypersensitive skin are at risk of developing eczema. The reasons for its occurrence can be different:
- skin damage due to prolonged friction from contact with any object (collars, harnesses, etc.), due to burns and parasite bites;
- consequences of internal disorders in the body (neuropathy): hormonal imbalance, diabetes mellitus.
With eczema on the skin of the animal, rashes and blisters are observed. On the affected areas (including the neck), there is a constant itching sensation. For the treatment of this disease, various ointments, soothing powders, and antibiotics are used.
Acne is a common condition in cats. It can be caused by low immunity of the animal, being under stress or improper care. This bacterial infection has a detrimental effect on the sebaceous glands. As a rule, its presence is indicated by rashes in the form of abscesses throughout the body of the animal. The greatest accumulation of blackheads occurs on the chin of the cat, neck and lips.
At the beginning of the treatment, first of all, the skin is treated with washing antiseptic preparations.
Why does the cat have sores and scabs on the neck and head, why does it constantly itch? Tips for treating itching
At the sight of a cat scratching its neck, the first thought arises about the infection of the animal with fleas, since most often they are the cause of the itching. However, this condition can be caused by many factors. Each of them requires careful study in order to provide the correct treatment.
Infection with exogenous insects
On the body of a cat, both fleas and other bloodsuckers can parasitize. The presence of these insects leads to various diseases. The most dangerous of them are:
- flea dermatitis;
- mite infestation: sarcoptic mange, notoedrosis.
When fleas are bitten, a wound with their saliva remains on the animal’s body, causing severe itching. The cat begins to vigorously scratch the affected area, which leads to the penetration of the infection inside. The inflammatory process in the combed areas is manifested by redness and hair loss.
When infected with ticks, the clinical picture in cats is as follows:
- severe itching on dry areas of the skin;
- hair loss;
- ulceration in exposed areas.
Notoedrosis in cats is manifested by the presence of Notoedres cat mites and is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- itching and severe scratching;
- rash in the form of blisters;
- the appearance of crusts on itchy areas;
- loss of wool;
- loss of skin elasticity, the appearance of cracks infected with bacteria and fungi.
Sarcoptic mange occurs in cats due to infection with mites of the Sarcoptes canis species. These tiny bloodsuckers are 0.2-0.4 mm long and have a long proboscis. Due to this, they easily gnaw holes in the skin and make a large number of moves in it. Once on the body of animals, the parasites begin to actively lay the larvae. In this regard, already 1.5 months after their appearance on the cat’s body, their numerous offspring are present.
The main symptom of this disease is severe itching that gets worse in the evening. First of all, the tick affects areas on the head, neck, near the ears of the animal, where blisters and redness immediately appear. After a while, these places become covered with dried crusts. The animal becomes restless, constantly itches and meows. By constantly combing itchy areas, the cat cannot sleep, its appetite disappears and weight loss is observed.
Carrying out therapy involves not only getting rid of bloodsuckers, but also curing damaged skin areas, as well as restoring the pet’s immune system.
Possible causes of itching
Often, a domestic cat is often washed and strongly scratches the neck behind the ears, its face, tears the skin on the head and combs itself so that hair falls out or sores appear until blood and scabs and crusts appear, and to find out why this happens and how to treat it, first the queue is to check if it has fleas or not. If blood-sucking insects or their eggs are found, you will need to immediately treat the animal’s hair with special preparations.
If no fleas were found during examination of the animal, then the cause of the itching may be as follows:
- skin diseases;
- hormonal disbalance;
- allergic reaction;
- disorder of the endocrine glands;
- the presence of parasitic worms (helminths).
To eliminate itching and protect a cat living at home from scratching the neck, back and other places, it is necessary to identify the source of its occurrence and conduct effective treatment. Further, the possible causes of the disease are considered and what to do if the cat often licks itself to sores, what to give with constant itching.
Lichen and other types of mycoses of the skin
Lichen is a skin disease accompanied by:
- the formation of a small rash;
- damage to hair and nails.
This ailment can occur due to a viral infection or reduced immunity of the animal.
There are the following factors that contribute to the development of lichen in pets living at home:
- walking on the street unattended;
- treatment with immunosuppressants;
- infestation with parasites;
- malignant formations.
The most common causes of lichen in cats are those caused by fungal infections. There are several types of lichen:
- Ringworm, which is based on fungal diseases. This type is easily transmitted to humans, especially young children. Fungal spores remain viable for 5-10 years, as they are resistant to environmental influences.
- Pityriasis or pityriasis versicolor, which is a dangerous disease. The cause of its occurrence is a yeast-like fungus, which, under certain conditions, turns into a pathogenic form.
- Shingles or pink appearance that appears with a decrease in immunity and is of an allergic nature.
- Eczema, or weeping lichen, manifests itself in animals as an allergic reaction to a specific irritant and is not transmitted by contact with humans and other animals. Allergies can be caused by exposure to household chemicals, an internal malfunction, or stress.
All types of lichen in cats have common symptoms:
- loss of wool;
- inflammation of the skin, accompanied by peeling;
- change in pigmentation;
- severe scabies.
If lichen is suspected, the cat should be isolated immediately. A glazed balcony, loggia or a separate room is suitable for this, you need to make sure that the room is warm. After that, you need to contact your veterinarian to diagnose the cause of the itching in the cat and the methods of its treatment.
To prevent cats from developing such diseases, it is recommended to periodically vaccinate them for preventive purposes.
Itching caused by helminths
There are many varieties of parasitic worms that inhabit the cat’s body. They can be:
Usually at the very beginning of the infection it is difficult to consider any of its symptoms, but after a while the animal:
- loses appetite, activity;
- becomes restless;
- constantly licks and itches.
Intestinal worms are considered almost harmless.
The movement of worms throughout the body in an animal is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- sharp weight loss, increased fatigue, stunted growth in small pets;
- disheveled coat;
- enlargement of the liver and icteric staining of visible mucous membranes;
- disruption of the digestive system, expressed in constipation, vomiting, diarrhea;
- the appearance of a cough;
- discharge from the eyes;
- itching in the anus;
- the presence of blood in feces;
- premature birth or miscarriage in cats;
- cramps and paresis of the limbs.
The cat may not notice the presence of parasites in the body in small quantities. However, their increase will not only deplete the animal, but also lead to its death. The harm caused to pets by worms can be completely different:
- eating lymph, tissue and blood;
- the release of substances that contribute to intoxication;
- damage to the mucous membranes by suction cups, leading to internal bleeding.
After the worms die, decomposition products are formed that poison the animal’s body. The appearance of parasites leads to metabolic disorders, as a result of which the cat’s skin becomes dry and dandruff appears on it. As well as an allergic reaction, these factors are accompanied by itching, due to which the animal scratches its neck in the blood.
A pet can become infected with helminths as follows:
- eating raw meat or fish (especially river);
- flea bites;
- contact with other animals.
For the prevention of itching that causes painful scratching, pet owners should regularly carry out a prophylactic course using anthelmintic drugs.
Allergy in pets occurs due to the ingress of an inadequate reaction of the body to substances that enter the body from the environment. It can be dust, pollen, one or more components in the feed, etc. Usually, the disease is accompanied by:
- severe itching (especially in the head and neck area);
- increased body temperature;
- hyperemia and hair loss.
Long-term exposure to the body of an allergen leads to the development of asthmatic syndrome, atopic dermatitis and the formation of granulomas containing a large number of eosinophilic leukocytes.
An animal with similar symptoms must be shown to a specialist in order to diagnose and prescribe treatment for itching.
If the cat begins to actively scratch the neck, the owner needs to find out the cause of such discomfort as soon as possible. Serious skin damage should be the reason for a visit to the veterinarian. In most cases, skin diseases in cats do not pose a serious threat to their lives, and their treatment is allowed at home.
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Ringworm is a common cause of itching in cats. The fungus attacks the scalp and progresses rapidly. In addition to itching, the main symptoms of the disease include:
- the appearance of well-defined scaly patches on the skin;
- gradually the coat is thinning;
- crusting on the skin.
A distinctive feature of lichen is that the wool does not fall out, but breaks off, as if it were being cut. This type of mycosis is very contagious not only for other animals, but also for humans. Therefore, at the first suspicion of lichen, it is necessary to reduce close contact with the pet to a minimum and immediately contact the veterinarian.
Ringworm and other types of mycoses of the skin
Another common reason that a cat scratches itself to sores is infectious fungal skin diseases. Microorganisms do not harm healthy and strong animals, but pets with weakened immunity can easily pick up an infection.
The presence of mycosis may be indicated by itching, a change in the condition of the coat, scratching (at first, especially noticeable on the neck).
Ticks, lice, lice, fleas and other parasites that cause itching
If the cat furiously scratches the neck, and begins and ends this process unexpectedly and very abruptly, most likely she has fleas or lice. In this case, itching occurs as a reaction to insect saliva, which enters the wound when bitten. An additional symptom of the presence of parasites is that the pet’s hair falls out. Also, scratching, especially noticeable on the chin, cheeks and neck, signals the presence of bloodsuckers.
Contrary to popular belief, fleas can be infected not only by a cat that is on the street, but also by a pet that does not leave the house.
The lice that live on the cat feed on hair and skin particles. At the site of the bites, tiny wounds appear that constantly itch and haunt the pet.
Tick bites also cause unpleasant sensations. Microscopic mites cause itchy skin diseases. If the cat is attacked by a tick on the street, it will suck and cause it inconvenience and pain, so the animal will scratch the bite site, trying to get rid of the bloodsucker.
Treating itching in a cat at home
Depending on the cause that triggered the itching, the doctor selects a treatment regimen aimed at destroying the causative agent of the disease and eliminating the accompanying symptoms:
- If the cause of scabies is fleas, then drugs for antiparasitic treatment are used: shampoos, drops, sprays. For prophylaxis, after the destruction of fleas, an anti-flea collar can be put on the animal. Many shampoos contain ancillary ingredients that relieve itching.
- Antibiotics are prescribed to treat a fungal infection (your doctor may advise both oral medications and external agents).
- Preparations with acaricidal action, which are applied to the skin of the animal, help to get rid of ticks. With ear scabies and otitis media, the solution is instilled into the ears.
- Allergic itching is treated primarily by eliminating the allergen, and then with antihistamines for internal and external use.
- Anthelmintic drugs will help get rid of worms. In parallel, ointments are prescribed to eliminate skin irritation and itching.
- Infectious diseases require the use of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs. Additionally, vitamin complexes and immunostimulating agents are prescribed to strengthen the immune system.
When using external agents, precautions must be taken so that the drug does not get on the mucous membranes, in the eyes or in the mouth of the pet. You can prevent licking by wearing a special protective collar on your cat.
Infection with helminths
If the cat itches frequently, it can be suspected of being infected with worms. The parasites that have settled inside give the pet tangible discomfort and can cause serious pathologies. The first signs of the presence of helminths:
- the animal is constantly licking itself, paying special attention to the anus;
- appetite worsens, the pet loses weight;
- the skin becomes dry, flaky;
- wool fades.
In addition, the behavior of the cat changes. he is either excited, or lethargic and apathetic.
When it’s ok?
Absolutely all cats are pathological cleanliness. They wash after sleep and before going to bed, after eating and after walking, and sometimes just like that, when there is free time from games, sleep and food. Cats take care of themselves very responsibly, spending a lot of time washing and approaching the process with the utmost care.
So, if the cat itches occasionally (most often after sleep) and licks itself several times a day. this is a normal situation, which should not be alarmed.
Is it okay if the cat itches, chews and licks constantly??
Any cat bathes and itches regularly, but an attentive owner will surely notice the difference between the usual procedure and nervous licking and brushing.
What to do if a cat scratches its neck until it bleeds?
If a cat constantly itches and scratches its neck until it sores, this does not always mean that fleas have settled in its fur. There are many other reasons that provoke severe itching in a cat and the habit of scratching the neck until it bleeds. When such a problem arises, the pet owner begins to think about what to do to alleviate the cat’s condition at home. First, it is worth determining the cause of the severe itching, and then proceed to fix the problem.
If a cat constantly itches and scratches its neck until it sores, this does not always mean that fleas have settled in its fur. There are many other reasons that provoke severe itching in a cat and the habit of combing the neck until it bleeds. When such a problem arises, the pet owner begins to think about what to do to alleviate the cat’s condition at home. First, it is worth determining the cause of the severe itching, and then proceed to fix the problem.
Among the main reasons for the habit of combing the neck to sores and blood in the home pet, the following are worth highlighting:
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- Blood-sucking parasites. The most common cause of itching in cats. The pet is actively combing the bite sites, and wounds from her sharp claws form in their place. Fleas continue to bite the animal and the condition gets worse as infection penetrates through the wounds.
- Subcutaneous mites. If no fleas were found during the examination of the pet, then the cause of severe itching may lie in a skin disease that has arisen due to the vital activity of ticks.
- Miliary dermatitis. If the sores in the cat’s neck look like small pimples, then most likely the pet has developed dermatitis. In this case, only a veterinarian can make an accurate diagnosis.
- Allergy. An allergic reaction in cats most often occurs to commercial food. A sharp change in diet or the introduction of vitamin complexes can provoke the appearance of bleeding sores on the cat’s neck after combing. The reason is not only food allergy, but also a reaction to dust, pollen or household chemicals.
- Hormonal disruptions. Severe itching, baldness, and peeling of the skin sometimes signal a serious disorder in the thyroid gland and the development of diabetes mellitus in a cat. Such health problems rarely occur in cats, but it is not possible to diagnose them on their own without conducting tests, the animal must be treated by a veterinarian.
If, after actively combing the head and neck, bleeding wounds and sores form on the animal’s skin, then you should immediately contact your veterinarian. At home, the owner can provide only first aid to the pet.
How to help your cat at home?
Treatment will depend directly on the cause of severe itching. At home, you can only slightly alleviate the cat’s condition.
If, when examining the pet, fleas were found in its fur, first of all, it is necessary to get rid of them, and only after that start treating the sores formed on the combed places. It is advisable to purchase a special anti-flea collar for your cat, for example, Hartz or Bolfo, and show it to your veterinarian as soon as possible. The specialist will recommend the use of flea remedies, which will help get rid of parasites in a short time. Often the doctor prescribes the drug Stronghold, which must be dripped onto the withers of the pet. The most budgetary drops against fleas is the drug Hartz.
If there is a suspicion that a cat has an allergic reaction to any product or substance, then at home you should start looking for an allergen. Until it is identified, the treatment will not bring the desired results. The reason often lies in industrial food or a certain food product, which provokes rashes in the pet’s neck, which he constantly brushes to bloody.
It is urgent to identify the allergen and exclude it from the cat’s diet. If an allergic reaction occurs to a certain substance, then the pet must be isolated from it. Only then can you start treating wounds on the cat’s neck. In this case, you should not postpone the visit to the veterinarian, since the cat will need to undergo treatment with antihistamines. If the drugs do not give the expected result, then, most likely, the diagnosis of the cat was made incorrectly and the cause of severe itching lies in something else.
Without a doctor’s prescription at home, it is allowed to use Amidel or Terramycin preparations (sprays). These funds have an anti-inflammatory effect and are able to dry wounds, they do not fight the disease, but only temporarily eliminate the symptoms. Ivermek is a drug with acaricidal action that effectively destroys ticks (affects larvae and adults). Also, the drug contains panthenol and lidocaine, which helps to quickly relieve symptoms such as itching and irritation. This will greatly facilitate the condition of the pet. However, if the reason lies elsewhere, the remedy will be useless.