The cat will often drool due to stress. How hypersalivation helps an animal to calm down is unclear, but it is one of the natural reactions of a cat to an unpleasant situation.
Factors that provoke salivation:
- Hygiene procedures, if the pet has not been accustomed to them.
- Painful or unpleasant medical procedures.
- Change of scenery. moving, overexposure, visit to the veterinarian.
- Changes in the family. the appearance of a child, a dog, another cat, the departure of a beloved owner.
- Change of environment. the appearance of new objects, the disappearance of the familiar, rearrangements.
Stress hypersalivation can last all day, sometimes stop, then return in the form of seizures. It is not necessary to treat it, it gradually decreases, disappears on its own.
Manifestations of stress hypersalivation. the pet is constantly swallowing, chewing movements of the jaw are possible, gnaws on inedible objects, slobbering on the litter. To make sure that the cause is precisely in stress, you should examine the cat. If there are no signs of injury, then it is better to leave the beast alone.
You can prevent stress in a cat if you follow a few rules:
- From an early age, teach the kitten to hygienic procedures (combing, cleaning ears, trimming nails, bathing).
- Make visits to the veterinarian as comfortable as possible. put a soft blanket in the carrier, talk a lot, pet the cat. So the animal will feel the support of the owner and it is easier to endure manipulations.
- Introduce the fluffy to new family members gradually. At first, the animals are kept in different rooms, gradually accustoming them to be in the same territory. It is better to let a cat into the room of a small child only under the supervision of the owners.
- If the beloved owner leaves, he may leave unnecessary clothes or a stuffed toy for the cat. So the animal will smell the owner, so it will survive separation much more calmly.
- It is advisable to acquaint the animal with new objects. to give the opportunity to sniff it thoroughly, wipe it off with your scent. This will help your cat get used to changes faster.
It is worth worrying if the cat is drooling for more than 2 days in a row, he has become lethargic or aggressive, his behavior has changed, and bad habits have appeared that were not there before. This suggests that the animal is extremely difficult to tolerate stress, or that the reason is not only psychological.
If saliva drips constantly, and you can’t find any natural causes, it’s time to think about the pathological causes. A careful examination of the pet will help to identify them. The procedure should be carried out carefully. if the cat is hurt or unpleasant, it will defend itself with claws, teeth or run away, it will no longer be in hand.
Foreign objects in the mouth
Another reason a cat is drooling is bits of food between its teeth. Particles of dry food, bones from human food can get stuck in the teeth, make it difficult to close the mouth. It is easy to notice them if you open the cat’s mouth and carefully examine the dentition. The stuck piece of food must be carefully removed from the mouth with smooth movements. You cannot knock on the teeth, pull, pull, make sudden movements. this can injure the animal. Take special care with fish bones. they can stick into the gums or palate. It is advisable to exclude the contact of a cat with bony fish altogether.
Also, on the mucous membrane, you can see minor injuries that the pet received by gnawing solid food or biting thorny objects. In this case, it is enough to exclude repeated contact with a traumatic agent, to give the cat access to water.
Sores, pimples, inflammation, dark plaque on the teeth are signs of inflammatory lesions of the mucous membrane. Their pathogens are most often safe for humans, but there are exceptions.
Vomiting is common in cats. So the pet is trying to get rid of something inedible, including a hair coma in the stomach. But vomiting can also be a manifestation of the disease. In any case, before making a pellet, the cat licks its lips and swallows saliva. This cannot be prevented, but you can manage to send the fluffy to another place.
Dark or reddened spots, swelling of the mucous membrane are a sign of a chemical burn, they are most often localized on the tongue, lips. Sometimes you can see a foreign body in the mucous membrane or in the throat. In all these cases, the cat should be immediately taken to the veterinarian, nothing can be done on its own.
Why do Cats Drool
Causes of Profuse Drooling in Cats
Drooling in cats is a nonspecific symptom. This is not a separate disease and not a sign of any specific pathology. The reasons why a cat is drooling can be very different, from commonplace to very dangerous for the pet’s life. The owner needs to pay attention to additional signs that indicate whether it is time to contact the veterinarian.
Even in cases that seem simple, you should seek the help of specialists. Cats get injured very easily, so trying to cope with salivation at home can be harmful.
The cat is hot
Strong salivation can help the tailed beetle in heat. The animal does not have sweat glands on the body, they are only on the pads. If the house is hot and humid, this is not enough, the cat, like a dog, opens its mouth, sticks out its tongue. Saliva evaporation cools down the fluffy body, saves from overheating.
There are more serious diseases indicated by hypersalivation:
- kidney inflammation;
- urolithiasis disease;
- malignant tumors.
Treatment of all these diseases is possible only with a veterinarian. The doctor will prescribe medications in droppers, injections, pills (if the cat can take pills), medical nutrition, explain the rules for caring for a pet.
Features of the breed
The fact that the cat is drooling may be to blame for breed characteristics. All animals with elongated muzzles, especially sphinxes, suffer from increased salivation. When physiological, psychological or pathological factors act, their effect is enhanced.
- The body’s response to feeding. The sight of food can provoke increased work of the salivary glands and gastric juice. This process can continue during food intake.
- Some pets, therefore, react to the caress of the owner.
- Taking an unpleasant-tasting medicine can provoke increased salivation, for example, no-shpa and anthelmintic tablets, cause a similar reaction of the body.
- Unfamiliar food can also provoke a similar problem.
If the cat has increased salivation, an unpleasant odor from the mouth, or constantly sticks out its tongue, then you need to undergo the necessary diagnostics in order to then begin effective treatment:
- The veterinarian will first carefully examine the oral cavity for any foreign bodies.
- Then it is necessary to examine the tongue and teeth. Are there any inflammatory processes, wounds or chips.
- To exclude a foreign body stuck in the esophagus, you need to do an x-ray and an ultrasound.
- A blood and feces test will help determine the presence of helminths in the body.
- Urinalysis will help identify abnormalities in the genitourinary system.
Why does the cat drool
Saliva in cats is essential for the normal functioning of the body. It protects the teeth and mucous membrane of the mouth from damage, helps in the processes of chewing and swallowing food. But when the cat is drooling and profusely enough, then this is a sign that something is wrong with the pet. Increased salivation in a cat is a sign of the pet’s illness and malaise. In this article, you can find out the answer to the questions why this happens and what you need to do about it.
Treatment begins as soon as the veterinarian has found an accurate answer to the question of why the cat is drooling. If the increased salivation is caused by non-physiological reasons, then it is necessary to start treatment as soon as possible. It is assigned depending on what pathology is detected in the pet.
If the pet has injuries in the oral cavity, then the veterinarian will prescribe the necessary ointments or drops that are applied to the animal’s tongue. When worms are detected in an animal, the doctor recommends the necessary anthelmintic drugs.
Signs of increased salivation
Many owners who are faced with this problem do not know what to do when the cat is drooling in the corner of the mouth. In veterinary medicine, increased salivation in a cat is called hypersalivation or ptyalism. The main signs of profuse saliva flow:
- The animal constantly swallows saliva.
- Regularly rubs the muzzle against furniture and the corners of the room.
- The cat is washing too often.
- Wool constantly gets lost in hanging icicles, with regular care, it looks untidy.
- The tongue is flaccid, sometimes falls out of the mouth.
- Wet spots are visible on the kitten’s favorite sleeping place.
The main reasons for a psychological nature are:
- Excessive salivation can occur when the pet is overstressed.
- Traveling on public transport can cause a similar reaction in the body. The animal, in this case, was either stressed or seasick.
- Active communication with children can lead to severe stress in the animal.
There are quite a few reasons of this kind, and this is the most serious group, because it is unlikely that it will be possible to do without the help of a veterinarian. These include:
- Diseases caused by various viruses. In the body of a cat during this period, the temperature rises, increased thirst provokes nausea and profuse salivation. Sometimes a cat with viral diseases smells unpleasant from the mouth.
- Poisoning is a common cause of increased salivation.
- Gum and dental problems can cause the kitten to drool heavily from the mouth. Excessive salivation, chewing food with increased caution can be a sign of not only dental problems, but also an indicator of the presence of a foreign body in the animal’s oral cavity. At this time, the pet’s tongue, as a rule, sticks out, and, in addition to increased salivation, a putrid odor from the mouth appears. If a foreign object is found in the pet’s oral cavity, then it is necessary to take it to the clinic without delay.
- Problems in your pet’s digestive system can cause excessive salivation. As a rule, an additional rotten smell appears.
- When a cat has a lot of saliva from the mouth, then this is the reason for the presence of helminths.
- Allergic reactions can provoke profuse drooling in an animal.
- Cancer causes increased drooling and an unpleasant odor in the pet.
- In a kitten, a similar reaction can occur if its milk teeth fell out in a timely manner. In this case, as a rule, bad breath occurs.
Excessive salivation can be caused by rabies.
Harmless causes of ptyalism
In healthy cats, unlike some dog breeds, drool should not flow from the mouth. However, there are situations when the animal has increased salivation, but this is not a sign of the disease.
- Often, pets start drooling when their owner caresses them. Usually this phenomenon is observed in very affectionate animals. Emotions at this moment overwhelm the cat, and the nervous system thus reacts to the pleasure received.
- Some pets, with increased salivation, react to the possible receipt of a treat, anticipating it. After all, even in humans, the mouth fills with saliva at the sight and smell of especially appetizing and favorite dishes. The same thing happens with a cat.
- In some cats, severe stress can cause drooling. Often, a pet is nervous about the appearance of a new family member in the house, as well as because the owner leaves him for a long time in an unfamiliar place. There are other reasons as well. Then he begins to intensively lick himself to calm down. This behavior increases the secretion of the salivary glands.
- When the cat realizes that she will soon be given a painful injection, the psychological reaction to the unpleasant procedure often manifests itself in the form of profuse salivation.
- Almost always, taking bitter drugs, such as antihelminthic drugs, causes hypersalivation in cats. Often the animal starts drooling even before the medication is given to it. This is especially true for those pets who have previously encountered a similar situation and anticipate unpleasant sensations from the procedure.
- Ptyalism may appear in a pet that feels nauseous or has the urge to vomit. For example, this situation can arise from motion sickness when traveling by car or due to the accumulation of hair in the stomach.
Why does a cat drool from the mouth?
Saliva is necessary for animals to protect teeth and soft tissues of the oral cavity from damage, for the preliminary stage of food digestion, stimulation of taste buds and many other functions. However, sometimes the salivary glands begin to produce it in excess (hypersalivation or ptyalism), and then the animal salivates.
In some cases, the causes of this phenomenon may be completely innocent and do not require special treatment. But sometimes excessive salivation is a symptom of a serious illness and requires mandatory consultation with a veterinarian. When should a cat owner start worrying??
When to see your veterinarian?
The above reasons cause short-term increased salivation. However, if the cat is drooling for more than an hour and a half or foam around the mouth, then most likely these are symptoms of serious health problems.
- Mouth problems. Over time, the condition of the teeth and gums in the animal gradually deteriorates, which leads to various diseases such as gingivitis or caries. In such a situation, the cat can suffer from various types of pains that cause suffering and do not allow normal chewing. In addition, the pet can injure the oral cavity with a sharp object or experience discomfort when a foreign object gets stuck between the teeth. In this case, you must carefully examine the mouth of the animal and try to help it yourself or contact your veterinarian.
- Poisoning. If your pet not only salivates profusely, but also has convulsions, thirst, vomiting and diarrhea, the temperature has increased, then most likely the animal suffers from poisoning. In addition to stale products picked up from the ground for a walk, poisoning can be caused by improper use of anti-flea drugs, medicines or household chemicals, as well as pesticides against insects or other pests, etc. In such a situation, immediate medical attention is required.
- Viral infections. When your cat, in addition to drooling, has symptoms such as a change in behavior, a fear of water and the manifestation of perverse food preferences, the veterinarian will immediately make a terrible diagnosis. rabies. In this case, it is no longer possible to save the animal. But this is far from the only and, fortunately, not the most common viral disease. Much more often, the animal, simultaneously with hypersalivation, experiences thirst and nausea, is in a feverish state, refuses to eat, sneezes and coughs. The final diagnosis can only be made by a veterinarian. He will also prescribe medications necessary for treatment.
- Problems with the digestive system. Profuse drooling can be caused by diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, such as hernia, stomach ulcer, benign and malignant neoplasms. Sometimes ptyalism results from damage to the esophagus or stomach by a foreign object, such as a stuck fish bone. At the same time, the cat often coughs, drinks a lot of water and sits with its head low. Such problems cannot be identified without a special examination.
- Chronic ailments. In addition to problems with the digestive system, salivation can also be caused by diseases of other internal organs, for example, if the normal functioning of the liver, kidneys or gallbladder is disrupted. Diseases that cause thirst, such as diabetes, also contribute to hypersalivation. Drooling often occurs as one of the symptoms of an allergic reaction.
- Anatomical abnormalities of the mouth. The phenomenon called “false ptyalism” appears when congenital or acquired, for example, after injury, violation of the structure of the jaw, due to which the mouth does not close completely and the saliva secreted is not retained in the oral cavity of the animal. Such abnormalities are eliminated by surgery.
- Disorders of the central nervous system. One of the most common causes of hypersalivation is various organic lesions of the cat’s nervous system, which are treated only by veterinarians.
Why does a cat drool?!
The secretion of saliva is an important physiological process in the body of cats, necessary for proper digestion. Saliva moistens the swallowed food, thereby improving the chewing process. In addition, in the oral cavity, food is exposed to food enzymes contained in saliva and contributing to the primary breakdown and further digestion of feed.
An increase in the amount of saliva secreted in a cat can be physiological and pathological.
As a rule, it is difficult, if not impossible, to notice a physiological increase in the amount of saliva visually. Yes, and by and large it should not worry the owner of the cat.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
Drooling is rarely the only sign of an animal’s pathological condition. Increased salivation may be accompanied by additional symptoms that will help to reliably diagnose a particular disease.
- violation of food intake;
- the presence of wounds in the area of the lips or cheeks (it is very difficult to heal due to constant trauma when chewing);
- with stomatitis, digestive upset, decreased appetite, soreness when chewing may additionally be observed, the tongue becomes covered with a gray-white coating, sometimes small ulcers appear on the mucous membrane;
- in case of dental diseases, in addition to salivation, bleeding and inflammation of the gums, bad breath, difficulty in chewing, violation of the integrity of the tooth enamel may appear;
- when foreign bodies enter the oral cavity, profuse salivation is accompanied by the urge to vomit, anxiety of the cat, attempts to remove the stuck body with its paws or by rubbing the cheek against objects;
- if a foreign body gets into the larynx, then there is pain, swelling, which makes breathing difficult, signs of suffocation may increase, a cough may appear, the appearance of frothy discharge from the nose is added to salivation;
- when a foreign body enters the esophagus, profuse salivation is accompanied by vomiting, coughing. Signs of anxiety increase, the cat stretches its head and neck forward, the act of swallowing is disturbed. Sharp objects trapped in the esophagus can cause perforation of its walls. Perforation (rupture) of the esophagus towards the chest is dangerous with the possibility of injury to the heart, lungs and a significant deterioration in the cat’s condition due to the development of pericarditis, pleurisy, pneumonia;
- and, finally, rabies. In this case, you need to be especially careful and attentive. The main signs of manifestation are a sharp change in character in a pet from friendliness to sudden aggression, perversion of appetite, signs of damage to the nervous system are growing (impaired coordination of movement, epileptic seizures). As the process develops, pharyngeal paresis is observed, salivation appears, the animal cannot drink (hydrophobia). In some forms of the disease, the stage of arousal may drop out.
To eliminate increased salivation, the first thing to do is treat the underlying disease.
If the cat chokes, then the foreign body is carefully removed with hands or tweezers, and the oral cavity is treated with potassium permanganate solution, miramistin solution or any other disinfectant solution. In case of damage to the mucous membrane, the injured area is treated with Lugol’s solution until the healing process begins.
In all other cases of hypersalivation, it is better to entrust the treatment of a pet to a veterinarian.
Visible profuse salivation can be caused by a wide variety of diseases of the oral cavity and digestive system:
- wounds, bruises in the area of the lips or cheeks;
- stomatitis, gingivitis, glossitis, etc.
- the presence of neoplasms in the oral cavity;
- dental disease;
- liver disease.
But in addition to the problems directly related to diseases of the oral cavity, there are other reasons for hypersalivation (increased saliva secretion):
- foreign objects entering the mouth, larynx or esophagus during rapid and greedy swallowing of food, as a result of which the cat chokes. An animal can choke on anything: from bones to accidentally swallowed objects during games.
- poisoning, nausea, vomiting;
- chemical, poisonous substances, medicines, bitter products, household chemicals that got into the cat’s mouth in the most unthinkable ways.
- improper, uncontrolled use of medicinal sprays, ointments, flea and tick products. During washing, the cat licks them from the fur, which leads to increased salivation;
- rabies is a dangerous disease not only for cats, but also for other animals, including humans. With this disease, you can often observe a frothy discharge from the mouth. Therefore, if it is not known for certain what could have caused the increased saliva production in a cat, special care must be taken when dealing with such an animal. In addition to abundant salivation (salivation), a cat may experience photophobia, hydrophobia (the animal refuses to drink water), causeless aggression.
To prevent increased salivation, you must follow the rules for the care and maintenance of animals:
- store medicines, household chemicals and other substances hazardous to health (vinegar, paints, etc.) in places inaccessible to animals;
- to prevent drugs from licking off the coat after treatment, it is recommended that the cat wear a special protective collar around the neck;
- carefully monitor the quality of food, avoid feeding the cat with bones, fish with a large number of small bones and other food that may contain sharp objects;
- periodically examine the oral cavity for stomatitis and dental diseases;
- periodically sanitize the oral cavity;
- vaccinate against rabies on time.
Causes and treatment of increased salivation in cats: why a cat’s mouth is flowing abundantly clear, like water, drool?
Excessive salivation in cats is an atypical symptom, but not always indicative of a developing pathology. You need to contact your veterinarian to determine the cause of this phenomenon. Self-treatment is unacceptable, since it is possible that this phenomenon is due to physiology and is completely harmless, although in some cases it is a consequence of a complex disease and requires complex treatment. What can provoke severe drooling in a cat and how to eliminate this symptom?
Taking a bitter drug
Due to oral administration of anthelmintic, pain relievers, antispasmodics and other drugs, the cat experiences a feeling of bitterness and numbness in the mouth. To “wash away” the bitter taste, the salivary glands begin to work intensively, which causes the saliva to flow in drops. Depending on the amount of medication taken, the cat has both a slight increase in salivation and their profuse flow, which stops after 15–20 minutes. Often, in animals undergoing long-term treatment, saliva begins to flow abundantly immediately before taking the drug.
Increased salivation can be caused by the following infectious diseases:
Diseases of the oral cavity
Hypersalivation can be caused by a cyst of the salivary glands (mucocele). The disease is characterized by blockage of the salivary ducts, due to which saliva accumulates around the gland, provoking its swelling. Treatment of pathology involves a combination of conservative and surgical methods. The pet is given antibacterial and immunity-strengthening drugs, and the formation is partially opened, drained or completely removed.
Gingivitis, or inflammation of the gums, is a complication of other oral diseases, most commonly tartar and tooth decay. Pathology is treated by treating the gums with disinfectant and anesthetic gels. To accelerate tissue regeneration, the damaged mucosa is treated with oil solutions of vitamins A and E, Actovegin and Solcoseryl ointments. The pet also needs to be given antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Reaction to caress
If the cat has established a special bond with the owner, then when stroking it can produce a lot of saliva. At the moment of communication with its beloved owner, the animal completely relaxes. Excess saliva is an indicator of trust and affection for a person. Representatives of cat breeds with elongated muzzles, in particular sphinxes and orientals, are especially sensitive. The longer these cats are stroked, the louder they purr.
Drooling as a reaction to stress
If the pet is not sick, but began to drool a lot, it may be caused by stress. Emotional stress can be caused by changes in the diet and conditions of detention, hypothermia or overheating, treatment of any disease, travel or relocation, etc. You can notice that the animal has become restless, often and actively licks its fur, hides in secluded places, avoids contact with household members and with other animals.
Trichobezoars in the gastrointestinal tract
Trichobezoars are hairballs that a pet swallows when caring for its fur coat. Normally, they are excreted in the feces, but sometimes they accumulate in the large intestine, provoking constipation, vomiting of undigested food pieces, refusal to eat, thirst, nausea, and increased salivation. To prevent the formation of trichobezoars, it is necessary to give the pet fresh grass, herbs and vegetables or special food, provide him with constant access to clean water, regularly comb his hair.
The worst diagnosis is rabies. A sick cat cannot be saved, it must be urgently quarantined, avoiding any contact. In case of rabies, in addition to salivation, a sharp change in behavior (aggression or excessive affection), perverted appetite, convulsions, and hydrophobia are observed. But rabies isn’t the only virus that causes cats to drool. During an infection, accompanied by an increased body temperature, the pet consumes a lot of water, which provokes nausea. And nausea makes you drool.
A viral infection is suspected with the following symptoms: decreased appetite, apathy, weakness, fever, gastrointestinal disorders, discharge from the eyes and nose, sneezing and coughing.
One of the most common reasons a cat is drooling is poisoning. over, it is not necessary that we are talking about stale products that the pet is unlikely to get at home (but picking up some nasty stuff on the street is easy). The cat can be poisoned with medicines, flea medicine if used improperly, household chemicals, chocolate, and other food that is not intended for the stomach of a small predator.
In case of poisoning, the cat is drooling strongly, vomiting and diarrhea, vomiting cramps, increased thirst, weakness, and an increase in temperature are observed. In severe cases, fever, convulsions, paralysis develop, the pupils are dilated (in case of poisoning with pesticides, mercury, etc.).
Understanding why a cat is drooling
Saliva performs a number of important functions: it protects teeth, mucous membranes of the mouth and gums from mechanical damage, envelops and softens food for easier swallowing, stimulates tongue receptors and much more. But if the cat is drooling so profusely that the owner notices this process, something is clearly wrong with the pet. Increased salivation or drooling is almost always a sign of malaise, and the cause must be identified as soon as possible.
Signs of excessive salivation: the chin, throat and coat on the chest are wet, the cat constantly swallows saliva and rubs its muzzle against the furniture, and often washes. Wool, especially long, knocks into icicles in a matter of hours. Wet spots are visible on the litter where the pet slept. As a rule, increased salivation is accompanied by other signs of the disease. Therefore, it is important to take a closer look at your favorite, because the mere fact that the cat is drooling from the mouth will not help determine the cause of the ailment.
Gums and teeth
With age or due to poor care, a cat’s teeth wear out and gums become inflamed. Some oral problems arise as a consequence of a latent chronic ailment. If the cat is drooling, chews carefully, does not allow touching the head, it may be tormented by constant pain caused by tooth decay, gingivitis, or other ailment.
In addition, the cat could pierce the gum with a fish bone, a piece of food could get stuck between the teeth. Sometimes, while playing, cats scratch the palate and the inner sides of their cheeks with sharp “toys” found behind the sofa. Often, increased saliva in a cat speaks of discomfort in the oral cavity, so you should carefully, without rudeness and coercion, examine the tongue, teeth, gums, palate and inner sides of the cheeks for foreign bodies, scratches and microcracks, ulcers and inflammation.
Pharynx and digestive tract
The ill-fated bone can get stuck not only between the teeth, but also in the pharynx or somewhere on the way to the stomach. Irritating the mucous membranes, a foreign object not only causes discomfort, but causes pain. The cat often clears its throat and tries to provoke vomiting to relieve itself of torment, while drinking a lot and sitting with its head bowed. As a result, the cat’s saliva flows from the mouth in a continuous stream until the pet regurgitates or pushes the foreign object deeper (hairballs, by the way, cause salivation as much as a stuck bone).
Tumors of the intestines or stomach can also cause frequent vomiting and rivers of saliva. It will not be possible to diagnose a neoplasm by external signs.
First of all, problems with the gastrointestinal tract are suspected. For example, a cat is drooling during exacerbation of gastritis, ulcers, colitis. Helminths that have settled in the intestines or stomach can also provoke excessive salivation. Drooling flows with various ailments that disrupt the function of the liver, spleen, gallbladder. Diabetes makes you thirsty, and excessive water consumption can lead to increased salivation. Sometimes cats can drool from their mouth due to allergies.
Uncaused, i.e. a harmless increase in salivation is an extremely rare phenomenon. Noticing that your pet often swallows, clears his throat, washes his wet chin and chest, or constantly drooling, immediately contact your veterinarian. Perhaps the reason is the banal poisoning of stale sausage borrowed from the trash can. But only a doctor can determine why a cat is drooling. And the correct timely diagnosis is half of the treatment. Don’t risk your pet’s health. Rivers of saliva, even if the cat is feeling fine, is not a good sign.
The consequences of self-medication
At home, it is impossible to identify the cause of ptyalism, and without an accurate diagnosis, it is impossible to cope with the underlying disease.
Loss of time threatens with complications, up to the death of the pet:
- Rabies is not treated; if an infection is suspected, the cat is isolated and monitored for changes in well-being. If this is not done on time, the virus is transmitted to others through the bites of a sick animal. A person can only be saved by a course of injections of the rabies vaccine to produce antibodies to the virus. Delay with injections leads to a lethal end.
- With a calciviral infection, a complex of drugs will be required. The disease disappears in 7. 10 days, if it is diagnosed on time and treatment is started. In an advanced stage, secondary infections join, pneumonia develops.
- When an object enters the throat, the pet’s larynx suffocates. The cat is urgently taken to the clinic, they do not try to remove it on their own. A foreign body in the stomach or intestines causes tissue necrosis, mucosal ruptures, obstruction. It is detected by X-ray or ultrasound, removed only by surgery.
- Severe burns with chemicals cause toxic shock and impair respiratory function. Choking occurs without emergency aid, the animal dies.
- Inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract do not go away without medication and a therapeutic diet, they exhaust the cat, shorten life. Drugs are prescribed only after identifying the cause of the inflammation and making a diagnosis.
- Gingivitis, stomatitis, without proper treatment, turn into a chronic form, when the inflammation starts from the slightest irritant, does not heal to the end. The animal experiences constant pain, because of this, character deteriorates. With chronic gingivitis, diseased teeth have to be removed.
- In case of poisoning, the cat loses fluid, in severe cases dehydration occurs. Due to the wrong choice of drugs, intoxication increases, the gastric mucosa becomes inflamed, bleeding begins, toxins affect the internal organs.
An increase in the secretion of saliva in cats cannot be considered a harmless symptom. This phenomenon accompanies a lot of pathologies that cannot be dealt with without medical help.
As practice shows, poisoning in a cat is a rarity, but still, such a possibility should not be ruled out.
The pet may suffer from the following:
- Certain indoor plants.
- Household chemicals.
- Spoiled and poor quality feed.
In this case, hypersalivation appears due to the fact that it is necessary to remove toxic substances from the body as soon as possible. Accordingly, if you notice diarrhea and vomiting along with increased salivation, these are the main symptoms of poisoning, characteristic of the first hours. Subsequently, the following symptoms appear:
- General intoxication.
- Respiratory or cardiovascular disorders.
If such symptoms are detected, it is important to contact your veterinarian as soon as possible, as the symptoms will only intensify.
Physiological causes of drooling
First, consider the physiological causes of drooling in a cat, which are not dangerous, but are reflexes:
- Food. On the eve of feeding, the production of gastric juice and saliva increases. Hypersalivation occurs at the sight of food or while it is being consumed. This factor is clearly manifested in cats that are accustomed to eating at a certain time. Sometimes, excessive salivation can be triggered by unfamiliar food.
- Weasel. The secretion of saliva is manifested in a cat during physical contact with the owner, who strokes him. The cat purrs and rubs against the legs of a person. The animal calmed down. salivation returned to normal.
- Heat. On a hot summer day, when the air is dry and hot, the cat’s saliva is released more actively. This is more noticeable when the beast opens its mouth. With a decrease in air temperature, the process of salivation stops.
- Teeth are being cut. The kitten is drooling during the period when the teeth are erupting (at the age of 3-7 months). The process of increasing the amount of saliva is accompanied by the baby’s desire to gnaw something. When all the molars have erupted, saliva stops flowing abundantly.
- Hair in the cat’s stomach. When licking itself, the cat will swallow hair, which is normal. From time to time, the cat needs to regurgitate the accumulated lump. Preparing to empty the stomach causes ptyalism.
The psychological reason a cat is drooling is stress:
- Change of familiar surroundings.
- Strong fright.
- The introduction of new pets in the house.
- Veterinary procedures (treatment for helminths).
- Motion sickness while traveling in transport.
- A sharp change in temperature.
This factor is a consequence of the stressed state of the nervous system. Once the stimulus is removed (when the animal calms down), this stress-induced symptom will disappear.
Pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract and other organs
Allocations cause such pathologies of the digestive system as gastritis, enteritis, colitis, pancreatitis, inflammation of the gallbladder, helminthiasis, tumors. Diseases of the digestive tract are characterized by vomiting, diarrhea, foreign inclusions in the feces (blood, mucus, helminth eggs), putrid odor from the mouth, yellowing of the oral mucosa, etc.
Regardless of the pathology, therapy requires a temporary change in the pet’s diet and a fasting diet in the first days of illness.
Animals are prescribed pain relievers, antispasmodic, antiemetic, anti-inflammatory and enzyme preparations. In severe cases, medications are used to keep the cardiovascular system working. To eliminate the consequences of dehydration, infusion therapy is carried out, and to remove dead areas of the affected organs. surgery.
Saliva is a secretion that can be watery if it comes out of the serous glands, or viscous if it comes out of the mucous glands. It contains up to 99.5% water. In addition, it includes:
- electrolytes. anions and cations;
- small amounts of proteins;
- protects teeth, gums and oral mucosa from damage;
- softens food, makes it easier to chew food;
- pulls out flavoring elements from food;
- helps the formation of a food coma, which is easier to swallow;
- able to disinfect and stop bleeding due to the presence of thromboplastic components in the composition.
It is better to prevent a problem than to spend time, effort and money on solving it. To protect your pet from potential danger, you should consider the following points:
- Store household chemicals, medicines, paints, building materials and other substances and items potentially dangerous to cats out of their reach.
- If the animal is being treated with drugs that are applied to the surface of the skin or coat, care must be taken not to lick them with its tongue. For this, it is recommended to wear a special collar.
- Do all the necessary vaccinations and routine examinations at the veterinarian on time.
- Avoid small-boned fish and pointed toys.
What to do if your cat is drooling from the vet
Excessive salivation is a sign of a large Spectra disorder in the functioning of the body. If you have noticed something, it is best to immediately consult a doctor, and not engage in treatment on your own, having read the “tips” on the forums. Only a specialist will be able to assess the situation fully, prescribe a course of treatment and give useful advice and recommendations that will help speed up the healing process.
All that is required of you is to be a good owner, to notice the problems in time and to do what the veterinarian says. During treatment, devote more time to your cat, it is as important and necessary for him as proper care.
Further care of the animal
After undergoing full treatment, the cat must be carefully monitored to prevent recurrence of the disease. Further prevention is as follows:
- vaccinate pets against viral infections;
- exclude any contact of a cat with stray animals;
- feed the animal with exceptionally high quality and fresh food;
- periodically inspect the cat’s mucous membrane and, if wounds or redness are found, contact the veterinarian;
- protect the cat as much as possible from playing with small and sharp objects in order to avoid swallowing;
- comb the coat regularly to avoid swallowing the lumps;
- if the animal lives exclusively in an apartment or in a house, then he needs to periodically give grass to remove hairballs from the stomach, as well as special feed and pastes.
If, during drooling in cats, the causes of the disease were identified and the correct and timely treatment was started, then the pet will very soon recover.
Why does a cat drool from the mouth? In fact, there can be a lot of reasons for this phenomenon. They can be caused by a medical condition or other factors.
If the owner of the cat noticed that his pet is drooling excessively, then the reason for this may be the following factors:
- the pleasure that the animal gets from the fact that you stroke it;
- waiting for feeding, especially if the cat is very fond of the food;
- hanged nervousness (note that in this case, the animal may begin to lick itself more often than usual to calm down; this can lead to hanged salivation);
- the expectation that soon he will have to eat a medicine that tastes very unpleasant or receive an injection (most likely, here we are talking about a reason more mental than physiological). True, we note that very often the pills with which the worms are driven away can cause salivation;
- motion sickness (as we can see, not only people but also animals suffer from it). Therefore, if you are going on a long trip by car or by train, be prepared for the fact that your pet may start drooling profusely.
- By the way, if the pet feels that it will soon vomit, then foam may also appear near the mouth. Often the reason for this is that wool begins to accumulate in the acorn in lumps;
- foreign object in the mouth;
- a very long stay in a hot place;
- wasp or bee sting (sometimes it happens that a pet, while playing, can swallow an insect or be bitten);
- usual nausea.
How to diagnose
As you can see, there are plenty of reasons for the release of excessive saliva in an animal. To stop this process, it is important to make the correct diagnosis in order to know what to treat.
In order for the doctor to be able to determine as accurately as possible the cause of the profuse drooling, you need to tell him as accurately as possible about the health of your pet. What vaccinations did you give him? Have you used any medications before? Did the animal succumb to toxic substances.
A series of medical procedures may be waiting for your pet if physiological or neurological tests are needed. The veterinarian can use ultrasound diagnostics to see the condition of the liver, kidneys, and other internal organs. If an immune disorder is suspected, you may be offered a biopsy of living cells.
Cause is disease
If a cat is drooling, what can it be in addition to the above points? These can be different diseases. They often cause drooling.
What diseases can cause profuse drooling
Why is My Cat DROOLING So Much? Main Causes
- diseases associated with blood;
- infection of the salivary glands (possibly even the formation of a cyst);
- infection of the gums, ascess, other dental problems;
- infarction or before infarction;
- the onset of rabies (in this case, you will certainly notice that the animal’s behavior will change. it will be simply inadequate);
- diseases (upper respiratory tract). Pay attention: the cat sneezes, he has a runny nose and watery eyes, he eats badly and has a fever. If so, then most likely this is the case here);
- the development of a cancerous tumor in the mouth;
- hepatic shunt;
- poisoning with poisonous substances. Be careful when spreading cockroach poison at home or using fleas and ticks. Especially if they are sprays. Be very careful when using such substances;
- the development of a tumor in the esophagus;
- infection with diseases such as tetanus, botulism.
How does is called
First, let’s explain the name of the disease in which cats drool heavily. Abundant discharge from the salivary glands in a cat has a medical name. hypersalivation, or ptyalism. True, in some cases, due to the peculiarities of the structure of the body, the cat may constantly drip drool. This is due to the fact that saliva is produced much more than necessary. In medicine, there is also a term for such a phenomenon. This ptyalism is false.
This is serious
All of the above reasons are quite simple. They are very easy to eliminate. But, what if the cat is drooling for a long time (one and a half hours or more)? If this happens, and you notice that the animal is not feeling well, foam appears near the mouth, then there is no need to waste time. Don’t stand still. Take your pet and take him to the veterinary clinic as soon as possible. Perhaps only a veterinarian will help him in this situation, if we are talking about some kind of dangerous disease.
Cat and cat are drooling. what is it
We are an animal lover, and you have a kitty at home. Recently, you noticed that her mouth is constantly dripping saliva. The cat is drooling what is it? This is most likely the first thing that came to your mind. In our article we will try to answer this question and explain what to do if the cat is drooling profusely.
How to cure a cat
Treatment will depend on the diagnosis. Therefore, at the stage of diagnosis, you should answer the doctor’s questions as detailed and accurate as possible. If a serious cause is found, it is possible that the cat will be observed in the clinic for some more time. And the doctor will need to conduct several sessions to understand that the course of treatment was carried out effectively and ended in full recovery.
So, in our article, we told you in detail what could be the reasons if a cat is drooling. Remember that in case of a sudden deterioration in the health of your cat, it is better to immediately contact the vet clinic.