home Cats The cat’s hair looks like oily

The cat’s hair looks like oily

Features and symptoms of the disease

High greasy coat is an ailment that most often affects non-castrated cats. True, it can also appear in pets that have undergone castration, but much less often. The main reason for the greasy coat on the back of a cat, tail or other parts of the body of a fluffy is a pathology, which is called hyperplasia of the perianal gland. Sebaceous secretion accumulates on the skin in excess. From there, it gets on the animal’s fur, heavily contaminating it.

The symptoms of greasy hair syndrome are as follows:

  • oily hair appears at the base of the tail, on the back or sides of the cat;
  • The pet’s “fur coat” becomes dull, sticks together into tangles;
  • on the pet’s skin, a wax-like composition that has a brownish color and exudes a rancid odor;
  • the skin in those areas where there is greasy hair becomes inflamed and reddened;
  • often weakened and matted hair falls out;
  • scabs appear on the surface of the skin;
  • hair follicles become inflamed, and then many small pimples appear in their place.

hair, looks, oily

If the disease becomes chronic, the area of ​​the body with damaged hair may become completely bald. The appearance of scabs on the skin leads to the fact that the unfortunate cat develops eczema.

Why does a cat’s coat get oily??

The appearance of greasy hair in a domestic cat is often due to the following reasons:

  • The animal can get dirty with something greasy, and in this case, the owner simply has to bathe him;
  • The cat’s hair can be contaminated by children while playing with the animal (after all, babies love to cuddle, stroke and carry fluffy pets in their arms);
  • A disease that provokes increased activity of the perianal glands (in this case, the problem is associated with the fact that the cat has oily hair on the tail, and the pet itself constantly rubs its back against rough surfaces (for example, a carpet), trying to free the glands from the accumulated secretion);
  • Violation of keratinization processes or oily seborrhea can become a provoking factor, leading to increased greasiness of the coat.

In any case, if the owner notices that the cat’s coat seems to be oily, he should find out the causes of the problem and take measures to eliminate them.

Diagnostic measures

Only a veterinarian will be able to accurately answer the question of why a cat’s coat has become fat and what to do to restore its former beauty and healthy shine. Diagnosis of the alleged disease involves a preventive examination by a veterinarian. During this procedure, the specialist examines the pet, and, if necessary, recommends passing the appropriate tests. If, in addition to greasy hair, the cat’s skin peels and itches or dandruff appears, it should also be shown to a dermatologist.

Why does a cat have oily hair??

The cat is a common animal that lives in many houses and apartments. When a pet is healthy, its well-groomed appearance pleases the eye of the owner and household members. But sometimes the health of the animal fails and its appearance changes for the worse. For example, a cat may develop greasy hair, which many owners initially mistake for common pollution. It is especially clearly seen in white fluffies with long hair.

To get rid of the problem, the owners are trying to buy out the mustachioed inhabitant of the dwelling. This method really helps if the pet is simply smeared. But if after a while the hairline becomes oily again, this most often indicates oily hair (tail) syndrome.

How to treat pathology?

Treatment of increased fat content of wool in cats is developed by a veterinarian and depends on what caused the pathology.

  • Mud. If a cat has oily hair once, after pollution, then there is no need to treat the animal. The pet should only be washed well.
  • Oily coat syndrome. In the event that the furry suffers from greasy hair syndrome and dry, irritated skin, the owner should take it to the veterinarian for an appointment. The specialist will prescribe a number of tests, which will be able to determine the causes of the disease and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
  • Vitamin deficiency. Saturation of his body with vitamins becomes the first priority for a cat with dull and greasy hair. The animal is prescribed a course of vitamin therapy, which helps to normalize the work of the pet’s anal and sebaceous glands. A good effect is given by the drug Hokamix-30.
  • Cleaning the glands. Treatment of fatty hair in cats also involves the release of the perianal glands from excess secretion. The procedure is performed by an experienced veterinarian who squeezes out the accumulated contents. If the glands are often inflamed, the specialist suggests surgery to remove them. As an option, you can consider periodic washing of the glands under anesthesia (but this method ultimately harms the internal organs of the cat).
  • Improper keratinization or oily seborrhea. To eliminate the problem, it is advisable to use special shampoos such as Dermilen or Meladerma. Lactaderm shampoo also gives a good effect. It helps to temporarily cope with the problem of greasy hair in a cat, cleanse it of secreted secretions and remove a bad smell.

Cat hair is the epitome of pet health. If it is smooth and shiny, then everything is fine with your pet. And vice versa, a dull coat with signs of increased fat content signals that the mustachioed inhabitant of the house is sick. Probably, there was some kind of malfunction in his body, and the animal needs the help of a veterinarian. The specialist will prescribe medication, and your pet will quickly recover, will again delight the owners with a healthy appearance.

It is the responsibility of each owner to provide the cat with nutrition that meets its needs. It is especially important to balance the diet during the growing season. The condition of the skin and coat is the best indicator of the health of an animal. Any systemic disease will affect the quality of the fur. In a young healthy cat, the fur coat is shiny, the coat is thick, dense and does not fall out excessively.

If skin problems appear, do not diagnose at home or treat the pet with complexes. The treatment must be prescribed by a veterinarian dermatologist.

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Why does a cat’s coat get oily??

The appearance of greasy hair in a domestic cat is often due to such reasons.
:

  • The animal can get dirty with something greasy, and in this case, the owner simply has to bathe him;
  • The cat’s hair can be contaminated by children while playing with the animal (after all, babies love to squeeze, stroke and carry fluffy pets in their arms);
  • A disease that provokes increased activity of the perianal glands (in this case, the problem is associated with the fact that the cat has oily hair on the tail, and the pet itself constantly rubs its back against rough surfaces (for example, a carpet), trying to free the glands from the accumulated secretion);
  • Violation of keratinization processes or oily seborrhea can become a provoking factor, leading to increased greasiness of the coat.
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Causes and symptoms

The cat may have a bump on the tail or the base of the tail may become bald. Such problems do not arise unreasonably. Among the most common causes are various injuries, bruises, fractures.

  • An animal does not always show the pain it experiences when falling, hitting, or injured. And therefore, the owner may not notice a tail bruise. And in the future, even a small trauma causes the appearance of a tumor, for example.
  • Tail disease may be associated with a lack of calcium, which suggests poor nutritional balance and metabolic disorders.
    .
  • Baldness in cats in the tail area sometimes occurs due to skin infection
    . Contact with the skin and the body of a dangerous infection can be the most unpredictable, even a person can bring the causative agent of the disease into the house on his shoes.
  • In the feline body, the glands that produce fat are disrupted. Because of this, the tail also often peels off. bald spots appear, there may be oily hair. In case of dysfunction of the glands, one more phenomenon can be noted. a brown plaque under the coat
    . Over time, under this plaque, the skin becomes wet, inflammation begins.

If the cat’s tail is fat, the treatment should be comprehensive. An experienced veterinarian will appoint him, and the owner only needs to follow all the recommendations.

In a cat, less often in a cat, the tail can become greasy due to hyperplasia (increased activity) of the supra tail sebaceous glands, which leads to the accumulation of polluting sebaceous secretions on the coat, covering from a small area to a large part of the cat’s tail.

Greasy tail skin is most commonly seen in non-castrated cats, but can also occur in neutered cats and cats. Most often in cattery or cats with insufficient self-care. Usually, this problem is considered only cosmetic, however, the accumulation of dirt and maceration (soaking) can lead to a secondary infection and the skin becomes inflamed and painful.

The reasons why a cat has oily hair can be very different:

  • unbalanced diet;
  • young age. small kittens still take poor care of their fur;
  • old age, when it is already difficult for the animal to engage in full-fledged grooming (grooming);
  • any serious illness;
  • chronic diseases of internal organs. liver and kidneys;
  • thyroid problems;
  • hyperandrogenism. excessive production of male sex hormones that stimulate the secretion of sebum, especially in the tail gland (occurs not only in males, but also in castrated animals of both sexes due to problems with the adrenal glands).

This phenomenon is called “breeding cat tail” as it is common in non-castrated males. Females sometimes have excess fat, but this is considered an exception. Coon’s glands work actively under the influence of testosterone. For the same reason, acne appears on the chin of animals. The hormone is produced at the onset of puberty and provokes the release of the substance almost all life.

However, veterinarians are faced with other reasons for the phenomenon in Maine Coons:

  • Allergies to food, flowers, medicines, cosmetics.
  • Blockage of the paraanal glands.
  • Insufficient care.
  • Various diseases of internal organs, including the endocrine system.

All of these points are grounds for enhancing the work of the glands. The peak of activity falls on the period from 9 months to 3 years. The cat’s tail becomes less pleasant to the touch, the hairs stick together not only at the base, but also on a small part of the back.

Why does a cat have a greasy coat? Why does a cat have oily hair? Hair care

  • Causes of the appearance of oily hair on the tail
  • Causes and symptoms
  • Features of this disease
  • Prevention of tail diseases
  • Internal
  • External
  • Means, cosmetics and methods for care
  • Tail injuries and their consequences
  • Why does a cat’s coat get oily??
  • Forecast
  • Diagnostic measures
  • How it looks
  • Oily hair in a cat: causes
  • The cat has oily hair: what to do?
  • Lack of B vitamins
  • Conclusion
  • Causes of the increased fat content of the wool cover
  • Why does my cat have oily hair and brown spots??

Internal

You need to start with the reasons that arise due to malfunctions in the cat’s body. Fortunately, there are not so many of them:

  • Hyperfunction of the paraanal glands. They are located at the very base of the cat’s tail, their function is to lubricate the anus of the animal, which makes it easier for him to defecate. With inflammation or narrowing of the outlet, there is a delay and accumulation of a foul-smelling substance in the anus. It is important to know that more often pets that have not been castrated are prone to such an ailment. Experts say that a possible reason for this is an increased level of hormones in a pet.
  • Dysfunction of the sebaceous glands, which are located directly on the tail of the cat. If their functioning is too intensive, then the fat does not have time to evenly spread through the pet’s coat, concentrating in one place. In a neglected state, this leads to a complete blockage of the glands, which creates a favorable atmosphere for the development of harmful microorganisms. Veterinarians notice that active production of keratin often leads to this. At the site of the lesion, a characteristic black spot may appear. a comedone. Over time, if an infection gets there, it threatens to develop into an abscess on the cat’s skin.
  • Hairless and short-haired cat breeds fall into a special risk group for which the effect of a fat tail is inherent. It is quite difficult to identify it from them.

Oily hair in a cat: causes

  • Cats need much more protein than dogs. The diet of kittens should contain 35% protein, and an adult animal. 30%. At the same time, it is important that the protein is complete, that is, it contains all the necessary amino acids. Especially important taurine.
  • The cat’s body is unable to convert linoleic fatty acid to arachidonic acid. Therefore, the diet should contain ready-made arachidonic acid, which is found in animal tissues.
  • Cats cannot, like humans, convert the beta-carotene found in plants to vitamin A, and must get it ready-made from food.
  • Cats have a high need for vitamin B3, niacin. However, they are not able to synthesize it on their own from tryptophan (amino acid).
  • These animals also need pyridoxine. vitamin B6.

Prevention of tail diseases

One of the symptoms of a complex disease is ulcers on the tail of a pet. The skin in this place gets wet, rots, the affected area increases. If at first the ulcer only crawled out under the tail, then rotting areas may appear on the entire tail, back.

Treatment of ulcerative areas does not need to be carried out on your own, because a variety of infections can cause rotting. There is no way to go to the veterinary clinic in the near future? You can cleanse the rotting wound yourself from the liquid, treat it with an antiseptic designed specifically for felines. Then an ointment is applied to the wound, a bandage on top.

To prevent the cat from scratching the wound, which is already bleeding or simply rotting, you need to put on a special protective circle of a conical shape. This design is removed at the time of feeding.

Ulcers occur more often in representatives of short-haired breeds. A small wound in the future can lead to necrosis of the tissues and vertebrae of this part of the animal’s body. Among the most dangerous complications are also gangrene caused by circulatory disorders, blood poisoning. An ulcer should not be ignored, hoping for the feline’s ability to self-medicate.

For a final diagnosis, an external examination is sufficient.

Treatment of increased fat content of wool in cats is developed by a veterinarian and depends on what caused the pathology.

  • Mud. If a cat has oily hair once, after pollution, then there is no need to treat the animal. The pet should only be washed well.
  • Oily coat syndrome. In the event that the furry suffers from greasy hair syndrome and dry, irritated skin, the owner should take it to the veterinarian for an appointment. The specialist will prescribe a number of tests, which will be able to determine the causes of the disease and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
  • Vitamin deficiency. Saturation of his body with vitamins becomes the first priority for a cat with dull and greasy hair. The animal is prescribed a course of vitamin therapy, which helps to normalize the work of the pet’s anal and sebaceous glands. A good effect is given by the drug Hokamix-30.
  • Cleaning the glands. Treatment of fatty hair in cats also involves the release of the perianal glands from excess secretion. The procedure is performed by an experienced veterinarian who squeezes out the accumulated contents. If the glands are often inflamed, the specialist suggests surgery to remove them. As an option, you can consider periodic washing of the glands under anesthesia (but this method ultimately harms the internal organs of the cat).
  • Improper keratinization or oily seborrhea. To eliminate the problem, it is advisable to use special shampoos such as Dermilen or Meladerma. Lactaderm shampoo also gives a good effect. It helps to temporarily cope with the problem of greasy hair in a cat, cleanse it of secreted secretions and remove a bad smell.
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Bald areas of the tail are not only an aesthetic issue. Usually, this phenomenon is caused by a malfunction of the internal glands. Most often, the disease goes away on its own, but bald patches greatly worsen the appearance of the animal. The veterinarian will help you choose a drug option that will speed up your recovery.

But in some cases, a shabby tail becomes a big problem, since bare skin is very irritated and inflamed. Bacteria are actively developing on bald patches. And over time, the cat begins to experience severe discomfort, scratching its inflamed skin.

How can you help an animal? The main principle of treatment is the removal of excess fat from the skin and wool, as well as antibacterial treatment of the affected area. If you follow all the measures prescribed by your doctor correctly, over time you can reduce the problem to a minimum. It is imperative to find out why excess fat and bald spots have appeared.

During the treatment period, you need to use cat shampoos, which include oatmeal, natural salicylic acid. A good effect is given by wiping the bald area with a swab slightly moistened with alcohol. Alcohol should be used with caution, as it can only cause deterioration of the skin condition.

An excess of fatty secretions in Maine Coons indicates ill health. The most common manifestations:

  • abscesses;
  • baldness;
  • redness;
  • wen;
  • ichor;
  • blood at the site of scratching;
  • tissue necrosis (very rare).

Hypersecretion of the sebaceous glands is detected in most cases when visiting the clinic. It is important to maintain the hygiene of the Maine Coon, but not to overuse the care products and the frequency of processing. You can learn the correct actions from masters from grooming salons and breeders. Castration of a cat eliminates the vast majority of tail oily problems.

After a cat is injured, it is important to monitor its health. take it to a doctor for examination, take an X-ray of the affected organs. Immediately after injury, you can carefully feel the tail of the cat, pay attention to painful areas. If there is an open wound, you need to act immediately. Ice can be applied to a sore tail, it will relieve pain a little and will allow you to get to the veterinary clinic.

A balanced diet allows you to avoid a lack of calcium in the diet, and this deficiency is the cause of the development of bone caries.

Specifically, only a veterinarian can establish the clinical picture of a cat’s disease
. For this, a prophylactic reception will be carried out with a full examination of the pet and the appointment, if necessary, of a number of tests.

In this case, the cat should be shown not only to the veterinarian. as a specialist in general diseases, but it is worth going to an appointment with him and a narrow-profile doctor. a dermatologist.

If the appearance of oily hair on a cat’s tail is an isolated case (the animal just got dirty), then the cat, of course, does not need treatment. It should be washed well.

In the event that a greasy hair syndrome is observed, then you should seek help from specialists who will have to choose the means to eliminate the cause of the ailment.

First of all, the animal will be prescribed a course of vitamin therapy
, which will help to normalize the work of the sebaceous and perianal glands of the cat. One of the most effective drugs in this case is.

If the near-anal glands are full, the veterinarian can remove the contents from them by crushing it. With frequent inflammation and secretion from them, these glands can be completely removed by surgical intervention. You can also periodically flush the glands, this procedure is done under anesthesia.

In the treatment of oily seborrhea and violation of keratinization of the skin, specialized shampoos Meladerm, Dermilen should be used.

A shampoo such as Lactaderm can help cats get rid of a greasy tail for a while, the lactic acid contained in it perfectly cleans the fur from the secretion of the near-anal glands and relieves it of a bad odor.

One of the reasons people love pets is their warm, soft coat that is pleasant to iron. In addition, the coat is the pride of many types of cats and dogs, making them beautiful and easily recognizable. However, there are often cases when, due to various ailments, the wool loses its qualities, becomes unnecessarily oily, falls out or strays into tangles.

Cats are graceful and graceful animals that are very neat and well-groomed. Therefore, it is doubly offensive when a pet has oily hair on its tail. This spoils the impression of a four-legged pet. There are several reasons for the appearance of such a defect. internal and external, we will consider each of them in more detail.

Lack of B vitamins

It seems surprising, but 25-30% of the total protein intake from food is used by the cat’s body to maintain normal coat growth. After all, hair and claws are composed of keratins, special proteins, and amino acids are needed for their synthesis.

Possible reasons for the lack of proteins in the body:

  • Feeding low protein foods (unbalanced home meals, dog food, medicated diets for cats with / liver failure).
  • Systemic diseases leading to protein loss (diseases of the kidneys, liver, small intestine, chronic blood loss).
  • before the appearance of skin problems, a noticeable decrease in body weight is noted;
  • hair loses pigment, this is especially noticeable in bright colors;
  • the coat grows poorly, becomes thin, dry and brittle;
  • the skin all over the body is peeling (seborrhea);
  • multiple lesions (spotted alopecia) caused by increased hair loss and insufficient new growth.

Treatment consists in adjusting the diet.

NEEDLE IN TO HUMAN SKIN. [under microscope]

Essential fatty acids (vitamin F) should make up about 2% of the total calorie intake. The optimal ratio of Omega-3 and Omega-6 acids is important. At the same time, cats require both linoleic and arachidonic acids from Omega-6. Their lack in the body is considered a rare disease and is observed mainly in cats and kittens on vegetarian diets.

  • generalized peeling, dull coat;
  • oily seborrhea and with increased formation of earwax;
  • accession. the development of yeast fungi;
  • areas of weeping eczema;
  • poor wound healing;
  • dysfunction.
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Feeding balanced foods with added fatty acids prevents these problems.

This rare condition is called panteatitis. It occurs when excessive consumption of unsaturated fatty acids from food. Usually these are diets based on oily fish (sardines, tuna).

The products of rancidity (reactive peroxides) accumulate in the fatty subcutaneous tissue, and the fat changes color from white to yellow. “Yellow Fat Disease” Suffers Obese Young Cats.

  • animals are not able to jump, move quickly;
  • loss of appetite;
  • depressive state, oppression.
  • Severe pain when trying to lift the animal, caused by inflammation of the subcutaneous fat.
  • Nodular subcutaneous fat and tissue fibrosis, most commonly in the groin and lower abdomen.
  • Skin surface looks intact.

When making a diagnosis, it is necessary to exclude infectious causes of nodular skin diseases. Information about the type of food is important. If necessary, a biopsy is taken, then the fat samples have a characteristic brown / orange color.

With such a problem, it is not enough to adjust the diet. It is necessary to force the cat to eat new, unusual and less appetizing food. Sometimes veterinarians are forced to prescribe special appetite stimulants or use force feeding. In addition, food is enriched with alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) at 20-50 mg per day. This antioxidant is given one month after the clinical signs disappear.

This disease is rare, in animals forced to eat plant foods. Symptoms include:

  • photophobia, disorders (upon examination, retinal degeneration is detected);
  • weakness of the hind legs;
  • reproductive system disorders;
  • poor coat quality and skin peeling.

To solve the problem, it is enough to introduce it into the diet. Vitamin A supplementation is not recommended due to the potential toxicity. Retinol overdose is no less dangerous than its deficiency.

The disease can be due to over-supplementation of fish oil or from eating a large amount of liver. Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin and is metabolized by the liver. Since it tends to accumulate in the body, hypervitaminosis A is more often observed in older animals (over 8 years old).

  • loss of appetite, weight loss;
  • stiffness of the joints (exostoses are formed around), especially the front limbs;
  • spondylitis of the cervical spine.
  • hyperesthesia. increased sensitivity of the skin to normal touch;
  • the cat neglects grooming (cannot groom), the coat becomes untidy, seborrhea appears.

With such a disease, the prognosis must be careful. even with adjusting the diet, the changes that have occurred in the body may be irreversible. Balancing your diet can be difficult, as with other fatty foods.

B vitamins are water-soluble compounds, each of which has important functions in the body. Deficiency of a particular vitamin can be caused by the following reasons:

  • Long-term treatment.
  • Feeding raw eggs (causes biotin deficiency. B7).
  • Lack of protein, meat products in the diet with a high content of cereals (deficiency of riboflavin. B2 and niacin. B3).
  • Diseases of the digestive system, kidneys.
  • Lack of biotin causes baldness of the area around the eyes and the formation of crusts all over the body, apathy, diarrhea occurs.
  • Lack of riboflavin is manifested by seborrhea on the abdomen and around the eyes.
  • Lack of nicotinic acid threatens ulceration of all mucous membranes and the disease “pellagra”: severe dermatitis, damage to the nervous and digestive systems.

As a treatment, it is recommended to give the cat a high quality commercial food. In severe cases, a course of injections of B vitamins is given. An overdose of water-soluble vitamins is unlikely, therefore, it is recommended that cats receiving homemade food should be given additional brewer’s yeast.

The cat’s fur seems to be oily: what to do

These smaller brothers are considered the cleanest. You don’t even need to bathe the purr. They constantly lick themselves and teach their offspring to cleanliness from childhood. Therefore, it is quite surprising when such a pet has a sloppy appearance and it is not entirely clear why the cat‘s coat looks oily. A thought immediately creeps into my head, is my beloved younger brother sick?

Reasons why a cat has oily hair

  • close contact with your favorite animal;
  • less wool in the house;
  • attractive purr appearance.

Brushing can help if the cat has a greasy coat. However, if the animal is old and has never undergone this procedure, it can become stress for him, which will aggravate the general well-being of the purr, and negatively affect the cardiovascular system.

If the cat has oily hair and you decide to do combing, try to present everything in an unobtrusive playful way, which will already become the key to the success of the event. Pat, scratch behind the ear and under the muzzle, let the animal relax a little and come to its senses. Regular combing helps to improve the appearance and prevent the formation of tangles. You yourself will not notice how the apartment will become cleaner.

It is not natural for such pets to “take a bath”, unlike dogs. The animal will simply pull out, scratch, bite, experience a real shock, which will really negatively affect its well-being. Most of the purr is afraid of water. If your pet is one of them, you should not insist on bathing, even if the cause of the cat’s oily hair is heavy pollution.

Cat Has Greasy And Matted Fur

You can simply try to remove the oil stain with a cloth soaked in warm water. In no case, not in the cold. The animal will be unpleasant, and he will in every possible way prevent the guidance of the marafet.

Another reason why a cat has an oily coat is its young age. Like the old ones, the cubs have weak immunity. In this case, you need to be puzzled by the destruction of parasites. Fleas, worms, ticks negatively affect the state of health. And with a strong infection, they can become a threat to the life of the cub. By the way, it’s easier to teach babies to comb.

If the question arose why a cat has oily hair, it is necessary in any case to reconsider its diet. Maybe it is not sufficiently enriched with vitamins and minerals? Try introducing new foods into your diet. Purrs are skeptical about changing menus because they get used to the same dishes. Therefore, it is better to provide them with a variety of treats from childhood.

It is better to give natural food and specialized feed. Fish is recommended to be given no more than twice a week. Better to choose the sea. It is also necessary to include the liver in the diet. It contains many beneficial nutrients.

If the cat has a fat tail and hair loss, castration may help. In this case, hyperplasia and a strong (above normal) release of a special secretion of the sebaceous and apocrine glands are observed. The tail looks as if shabby at the base and squashed. By the way, castration can help if the cat has oily hair on its back, also because spayed animals are not puzzled by the continuation of their kind. They become calmer, occupied only with sleeping, eating and playing. Such pets will definitely not ask to go outside, and the problem of oily hair on the cat’s back will also be solved in a similar way. The pet simply has nowhere to get dirty.

If you cannot independently establish the causes of fatty hair in cats, contact a private or public veterinary service. There you can undergo an examination, identify negative factors and ways to eliminate them.

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