Nutrition rules after poisoning
After the animal has been diagnosed and a set of medication measures has been started, the following dietary rules should be adhered to:
- Eat exceptionally light food. exclude fatty, fried, heavy.
- it is best to feed with cereals boiled in milk. For kittens, grits are pre-ground to a state of flour. This makes the consistency smoother and easier to digest in a weakened gastrointestinal tract.
- Do not give milk, but limit yourself exclusively to water.
Carbon monoxide poisoning
An animal can also be poisoned by carbon monoxide. This is a rather serious condition that requires immediate intervention. After getting into the body, carbon monoxide will first lead to a state of poisoning, and then, in the absence of proper treatment, will cause death. This is due to the fact that carbon dioxide replaces oxygen in the cells of the body and tissues. Thus, erythrocytes are already unable to transfer this important element to all organs, in fact, the animal suffocates. Only this process takes place at the cellular level. the animal inhales, the air fills the lungs, but carbon dioxide does not allow oxygen to enter the blood.
The main symptoms include. edematous condition of the nasal mucosa, oral cavity and larynx.
Intoxication of this type occurs quite rarely, since few of the owners would come to mind to feed their pet with this type of food. But if a cat walks on the street, then he may involuntarily eat a mushroom, and he may turn out to be poisonous.
In this case, it will be difficult for the owner to guess what exactly his favorite used. Therefore, you will have to focus solely on the symptomatology, which is manifested in the fact that when amatoxins enter the cat’s body, it can simply fall asleep. As shown by numerous studies conducted by American and European scientists, in this case, a cat or other pet falls into a deep sleep, from which it is simply impossible to get them out. But, if in this case the pet is treated with the standard atropine offered, then the state of sleep turns into a coma, and later into death. Therefore, scientists in the field of research on food poisoning in animals suggest in this case, just wait for the exit from this state. It usually lasts no more than 12 hours.
Important! Pay attention to the fact that cats rarely eat mushrooms, unlike other pets, such as dogs. But they experience some kind of incomprehensible craving for dried caps of fly agarics of different subtypes. It is they, with their toxic substances, getting into the animal’s body, cause such a deep sleep.
Poisoning in cats can be caused by a variety of factors. In addition, external manifestations can be expressed in both acute and chronic forms.
That is why, first of all, it is necessary to establish the substance that caused this condition. It can be:
It must be understood that toxic substances can enter the body not only with food and water, but also through the respiratory tract or through the skin, if tactile contact occurs.
Important! Since the list of toxic substances is quite wide, the owner should know the main symptoms of intoxication that may appear in his pet with various types of poisoning.
The cat was poisoned, what to do at home
This article will consider the main causes of poisoning and the actions that the owner must perform in order to minimize this condition in the animal as much as possible.
First aid for a cat in case of non-standard poisoning
Also, when a cat is poisoned what to do at home, all the owners of these animals need to know. Will be able to help:
- airing the room in case of poisoning with carbon monoxide and fumes;
- pouring a mixture of water and hydrogen peroxide in equal proportions directly into the throat for poisoning with rat poison;
- if the cat has been poisoned with household chemicals containing poison or acid, that it is necessary to wash the stomach before contacting the veterinarian with a soda solution.
How to help a cat at home with food poisoning
If food poisoning occurs in an adult cat, it is necessary to give her as much water as possible during the manifestation of symptoms.
At the first stage, you should induce vomiting and try to empty the animal’s stomach as completely as possible. If after this manipulation it visually begins to look healthier, then you can simply give a large amount of water. You can serve chamomile infusion, as it has a mild bactericidal and disinfecting effect.
Here’s what else you can do if your cat is poisoned with food:
- Try to keep him on a diet.
- Give only porridge and water. this way the body will more easily tolerate this condition.
- Eliminate protein foods, as it puts an unnecessary burden on the digestive system.
Here’s what to do if your kitten is poisoned:
- It is necessary to induce vomiting in him first.
- Then you can flush the stomach with a very light solution of potassium permanganate. Make the concentration so that it is slightly pale pink.
- Eliminate heavy food.
Important! Give only cereals boiled in water. over, do not insist on eating, but do it only when the animal itself shows interest in food. It is best to pre-grind cereals in a coffee grinder in a dry state, and only then boil in water. All of these will help reduce signs of food poisoning.
If the animal eats food taken from the owner’s table, then this can also cause the process of poisoning. In this case, the cat may experience vomiting or diarrhea, sometimes in a combination of two symptoms at once. In severe poisoning, which most often occurs due to dairy or meat products, the animal may have a fever.
You can cure this condition at home.
Causes of vomiting during poisoning
- feeding with poor quality feed or spoiled;
- long-term feeding of raw fish;
- swallowed wool and other poisonous substances from the trash can, from the rodent control box;
- after eating houseplants, there may also be poisoning.
All these signs of poisoning occur due to the destruction of the liver, heart, as well as the disturbed nervous system and other organs. But before starting treatment, it is necessary to establish the correct diagnosis. It’s good if for such cases there is a veterinarian’s phone number to immediately call or make an appointment to examine the pet.
- Vomiting in the cat, in some cases with blood and mucus;
- Weakness, desire to be constantly lying down and sleep;
- Almost does not respond to movement;
- The temperature is lowered;
- Upset stomach, loose stools, bad stool odor;
- Foam from the mouth and nose;
- Cramping, rapid breathing;
- Thirsty for water;
- Strong salivation (salivation).
Poisoning Prevention Tips
Poisoning can be prevented by following a few rules:
- in case of contact with chemical solvents, acids, alkalis, it is prohibited to induce vomiting, it is better to contact a specialist for information;
- it should be borne in mind that a cat can have poisoning not only through the mouth, but also through the respiratory tract. The reason may be through a gas leak, smoke, etc. Therefore, it is necessary to ventilate rooms, garages;
- if harmful substances (machine oil, paints, solvents) get on the body, the cat can also be poisoned. The consequences can be prevented as follows: if you notice dirt on the wool, it should be wiped off with sunflower oil poured onto a rag. Then wash with water at room temperature and soap. All liquids should be removed to avoid unnecessary hassle and illness, which can be fatal.
The rehabilitation period. What can you feed
After treatment, the cat will feel sluggish and lethargic for a long time, or, on the contrary, too playfully. You cannot rush at the sight of a cheerful cat and conclude that he is healthy. And to celebrate, give him something tasty. A quick recovery of the pet will be in the event that you do not give him the next day after the poisoning of any food. Let the stomach and intestines rest, cleanse.
A healthful way to relieve your cat is to give some honey several times a day. When real changes for the better are noticeable, it is already allowed to give light diet food. What exactly and how much?
Firstly, you should not force the cat to eat, you need to be observant and notice when he goes to the plate himself or asks, then he is hungry. In these cases, it is recommended to give sour milk, chicken fillet meat. This food is lean and will not negatively affect the cat’s stomach and even more facilitates the liver.
Secondly, you should not give food often, so as not to aggravate the condition. Otherwise, the cat may overeat, and the stomach will not stand it. You can sometimes give liquid semolina porridge with fish broth. And most importantly, give water to drink often.
The cat was poisoned. What to do?
Every pet owner is responsible for his life and health. It is important to understand that if a cat appears in the house, then everything should be known about him. It is necessary to protect him from dangerous places, poisonous substances that can harm him. There are many things in the house that arouse the cat’s curiosity: detergents, spoiled food, chemicals, trash can, etc. But if it already happens that the cat has started poisoning, then you should know the symptoms in advance and how to provide help in a timely manner.
What else is dangerous
You may not even suspect that poisoning is even caused by what is intended for cats: special collars against fleas, shampoo for animals. Also means to combat rodents, cockroaches. The cat, as you know, loves to lick everything that it sees interesting along the way, even its own collar. Damage to the nervous system leads to bowel disease.
In addition to all this, there is a whole list of indoor plants that pose a danger to the life of a cat. There are about 37-40 names of flowers that a kitten can taste and get poisoned. For example, the most common plants are violets, ficuses, physalis, rhubarb. Some plants growing in the garden are also dangerous: ivy, fern, lily of the valley. For preventive purposes, you can do the following: so that cats do not look for vitamins in poisonous plants, the owner should sow useful plants (some oats, lettuce, parsley), and from flowers. cacti without thorns, tradescantia.
Adhering to all the advice of a veterinarian, the owner will be calm for his pet and prevent the unpleasant consequences of poisoning.
How to treat a cat at home
If you have to wait a long time for a veterinarian, then the owner will have to provide first aid on his own. The main thing is not to panic, after reading about it in advance, preparing for this situation or asking the doctor what is allowed to do before his arrival.
- the first step is to take the cat outside;
- if the cat is unconscious, give a sniff of cotton wool dipped in ammonia;
- rinse the stomach with water and soda;
- wash the cat’s fur, perhaps the poison got on it;
- make an enema;
- boil a little rice water, protein also has a beneficial effect on the cat’s body;
- activated charcoal tablets and smectas are very good at removing poisons;
- in case of acid poisoning, it is forbidden to induce vomiting;
- if alkali is swallowed, then you need to give lemon water (3 tablespoons of lemon 4 tablespoons of water.).
At the time of poisoning with poisons, the main thing is not to worry, it is better to look for options and immediately help the cat. You may need to induce vomiting in a sick cat. This is easy to do: put a little salt on your tongue or 1 tsp. hydrogen peroxide (10 min interval) and expect vomiting. But do not take such actions if the cat has lost consciousness.
It is also necessary to give a drink in large quantities to avoid dehydration.
Poisoning in cats and cats: how to help a pet?
A cat is a rather cautious and attentive animal to its nutrition. However, such a concept as poisoning their owners is also familiar. True, it is worth noting that most often it occurs through the fault of the person himself and in the event of some force majeure. For example, loss of smell, inexperience of a kitten, poisoning with rat poison, etc. What to do if a cat is poisoned, as well as how to treat an animal at home, let’s talk now.
Video “Vetacademy: Recognizing Poisoning in Cats”
Treatment and first aid
Whatever the cause of the poisoning, the owner of the animal must immediately determine the degree of “illness” and immediately begin treatment. Often, the success of recovery and, in general, the life of the pet depends on the timeliness and correctness of providing assistance to the examination of the veterinarian.
So what to do if the cat is poisoned with poison? In any case, the first step is to immediately stop the effect of the substance on the animal’s body, that is, to quickly remove it. It is on these actions that the primary treatment of the animal is directed. It can be treated by washing the stomach, causing vomiting and diarrhea, taking adsorbing and neutralizing toxins and poisons. Since domestic cats are poisoned with food, for example, with rat poison and a poisoned mouse, we will consider the actions of the owner in case of food poisoning:
- First of all, you need to try to determine the cause (what and how much the cat ate). Do not rush to immediately treat the consequences, because you need to remove the source of poisoning.
- If the cat is poisoned with food or medication, it is necessary to wash it. To do this, we use either a solution of potassium permanganate, or a saline or soda solution.
- We make a cleansing enema, you can use a decoction of chamomile with the addition of salt.
- Immediately give the cat activated charcoal.
- After we drink with any slimy broth, for example, rice.
- If the poisoning is severe, you must immediately apply strong antidote drugs. But we choose them based on the source of poisoning.
- Take the cat to a veterinarian immediately. Further treatment may be prescribed.
Poisoning in cats can hardly be called a disease; most likely, it is the result of the action of any kind of poisonous substances. Penetrating into the body, the poisonous substance blocks vital processes, disrupts almost all functions. The danger of this phenomenon lies in the fact that without timely treatment, the animal dies in a very short time.
Poisoning in a cat can be caused by both contaminated water and food, and the air, and even the penetration of poisons through the mucous membrane and skin.
Depending on the ingress of toxic substances into the body of a cat, several groups of poisoning are distinguished:
- food. caused after the penetration of poisons along with food (rat poison), most often characterized by impaired digestive functions;
- medication. the result of improper or excessive use of medications, individual drug intolerance;
- vegetable. occurs if the cat ate a poisonous plant;
- gas poisoning. rarely occurs, but still occurs. This includes chlorine vapors, carbon monoxide and fumes, mercury vapors, etc.
- household. poisoning in cats with household chemicals.
Food and household poisoning is most common among owners of domestic cats and cats. For example, if a cat ate a poisoned mouse or picked up a piece of food poisoned with rat poison. It is worth noting once again that all cats are very selective in food, they distinguish well between odors and harmful substances, but there are also exceptions here. The pet can accidentally lick something or just walk through the “infected” area and then lick its paws.
Whatever the reason, all poisoning has two forms: acute and chronic. The acute form occurs if too much poison and toxins enter the body at a time. As a rule, this causes very complex consequences and often the death of the animal. The chronic form is less noticeable, but no less dangerous. After prolonged action of some poisonous substance, complete depletion of the body, impaired immunity or the work of some organ and system may occur.
Feeding after poisoning
Even with the smallest poisoning, the animal must be put on a starvation diet for the first 12-20 hours. To do this, we give the pet only a plentiful drink and limit any food intake. Only then can you gradually introduce foods into the diet. On the first day, you can feed the cat twice, then, as usual, 3-4 times.
It is better to let the first meal consist of a semi-liquid porridge in water. If the kitten is poisoned, then instead of milk, you can dilute a little low-fat cottage cheese in water. Only 3-4 times can you add a little boiled chicken breast to the porridge, in small pieces. On these days, viscous and warm food is recommended, it is good to give rice water. Only after three days of treatment can the animal be fed as usual.
The symptoms of poisoning are quite different and, first of all, they depend on the cause of its occurrence. First, the reaction occurs locally, that is, where exactly the poison or toxin got into. For example, if an animal has breathed in harmful gases and vapors, then shortness of breath, inflammation of the airways, and suffocation edema will first begin. If there is a complete absorption of harmful substances into the blood, then symptoms of damage to the heart, nervous system, and the work of individual organs may occur. Let’s consider in more detail the symptoms for different types of poisoning.
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After providing first aid, the pet must be taken to a specialized institution or called a veterinarian at home. In a clinic, an antidote will be selected for a pet:
- in case of poisoning with heavy metals, sodium thiosulfate is administered intravenously;
- if you suspect pesticide poisoning, atropine is used;
- when rat poison enters the body, the animal is prescribed vitamin K and iron-containing preparations.
Vomiting and diarrhea, as a rule, lead to dehydration, which is dangerous for the body. In this case, the veterinarian conducts a course of intravenous infusion of isotonic solutions.
Poisoning, as a rule, affects many functions of the body, therefore, cardiac drugs are used in therapy, means to improve kidney function. In the presence of nervous symptoms, anticonvulsants, B vitamins are prescribed.
First aid or what to do if your cat is poisoned
Fluffy beauties have an excellent sense of smell, however, cases of poisoning in pets are common. If the cat is poisoned, what to do at home? In order to competently help the animal and understand when to seek professional help, the owner needs to know the symptoms and types of poisoning.
Treatment of the animal
Therapy for intoxication of an animal with poisonous substances has a number of principles, the implementation of which will help save the life of a pet:
- Stopping the access of the toxin to the cat’s body.
- Rapid elimination of the poisonous substance. For these purposes, they induce vomiting in the animal. To reduce the adsorption of poison, laxatives and diuretics are prescribed.
- The use of specific drugs for a specific poison. antidotes.
- Treating associated symptoms (heart and anticonvulsants, vitamins, dehydration therapy, etc.).
Cat Poisoning Symptoms
For information on what causes vomiting in a cat, what help, depending on the cause, should be provided, see this
Symptoms of poisoning in domestic cats largely depend on the poisonous substance. Before figuring out what to give a cat in case of poisoning, it is worth determining the type of poison. Some specific clinical signs may indicate a particular toxic substance:
- When rat poison enters the body, a cat vomits with an admixture of blood and bile, cyanosis (blue mucous membranes).
- If the pet has had contact with poisonous plants, then you can notice increased salivation, foam from the mouth, and there are frequent disorders of the nervous system.
LOOK HOW TO TREAT A POISONED CAT
- Poisoning with organophosphate poisons is characterized by strong agitation, increased blood pressure, convulsions and paralysis.
- Food intoxication usually occurs with disruption of the gastrointestinal tract. The cat has vomiting, diarrhea, and severe thirst. The pet is depressed, refuses to feed.
- Signs of drug poisoning are: weakness, vomiting, depression, constriction of the pupils.
Signs and symptoms of poisoning
Signs of intoxication in an animal are determined by the form of the disease. In chronic poisoning, the symptoms are subtle due to prolonged exposure to the poison on the body. The cat has lethargy, lethargy, decreased appetite.
Pronounced clinical signs appear in the acute form of poisoning. The pet is noted:
- increased salivation and foam at the mouth;
- dysfunction of digestion (vomiting, diarrhea, diarrhea with blood);
- soreness of the abdomen on palpation;
- lack of coordination, convulsions;
- drowsiness, apathetic state;
- rapid breathing;
- impaired consciousness.
We recommend reading about why the cat is vomiting. You will learn about the possible causes of vomiting, what the composition of the vomit can tell about, helping a pet, prevention.
And here is more about the main reasons for a cat’s lack of appetite, complete refusal of food.
First aid at home
If a cat is poisoned, what to do at home before qualified treatment is provided? Having discovered signs of poisoning in a pet, the owner is able to provide first aid.
Initially, it is necessary to detect a poisonous substance and protect the cat’s body from its further penetration.
In the event that intoxication is associated with carbon monoxide, inhalation of toxic fumes, the pet should be taken to fresh air. If a poisonous substance gets on the coat and skin of the cat, it must be washed off with plenty of water.
In case of food poisoning and ingestion of pesticides in the cat’s body, induce vomiting. To do this, the animal is forced to drink a large amount of liquid with the addition of salt. To reduce the absorption of poisons, it is advisable to make a cleansing enema. In case of acid poisoning, vomiting cannot be induced, this will worsen the condition of the animal.
The most common adsorbent that can be treated at home when a cat is poisoned is activated charcoal. The drug is given in the form of a tablet, with resistance it is permissible to crush it into powder. The recommended dosage is 500 mg per 1 kg of animal weight.
With an unexplained poison, you should not drink milk for a sick pet. Contrary to popular belief, milk is not always good for poisoning. Rice broth and enterosgel are more effective and safer remedies.
If a pet has become a victim of doghunters, what to give the cat in case of poisoning? After induced vomiting, the poisoned animal should be given vitamin B6, which is an antidote to isoniazid, which is often used to poison cats and dogs.
With any type of poisoning, it is necessary for the animal to consume a lot of water. Do not treat yourself.
Types of poisoning
Veterinarians distinguish between acute and chronic forms of intoxication. Before treating a cat in case of poisoning, you need to figure out what substances and agents pose a danger to the animal:
- Food. Food intoxication is caused by poor quality, spoiled food. Often the animal suffers from eating stale kitchen waste, rotten or moldy food.
- Medicines. They are dangerous when medicines are calculated incorrectly (overdose) or individual intolerance has arisen. Often, poisoning is observed when treating a pet from helminths and fleas if the instructions for the drug are not followed.
- Eating poisonous plants can be the cause of poisoning. Most often, such a nuisance is noted in the summer when pets are taken to the country. The most common and dangerous plants for cats are azalea, cyclamen, clematis, chrysanthemum.
- Pesticides. The danger is represented by phosphorus-containing pesticides, arsenic, copper. An animal can be poisoned not only by the drugs themselves, but also by plants treated with them.
- Rat poisons. Often, cats become victims of the owners’ struggle with rodents with the help of poisonous substances. Poisoning occurs both when eating a rodent that has consumed the poison, and when the cat itself uses a poisonous bait.
- Household chemicals. In everyday life, a cat can be exposed to toxic substances such as acids, fungicides, solvents, household chemicals, cosmetics and many others.
Toxic substances can enter the animal’s body in various ways: with food, water, through the skin, with inhaled air. The variety of poisons and the various ways of their penetration into the body make it difficult to diagnose, but the owner should understand what to do if the cat is poisoned. First of all, you need to know what symptoms are observed in the animal.
For information on what may be the cause of pet poisoning, see this
Eating rules after poisoning (briefly)
After the animal has received first aid and the necessary procedures have been carried out, the owners take the victim home. It is better to ask your veterinarian in advance than to feed the cat after poisoning. In most cases, for the purpose of early rehabilitation after intoxication, the animal is assigned a 24-hour starvation diet. During this period, fresh drinking water must be freely available.
After a daily hunger strike, the cat is transferred to 3. 4 meals a day. Preference should be given to light meals that do not contain animal fats: cereals, boiled vegetables. It is not recommended to give milk in the first 3. 4 days. After 5. 7 days, with a satisfactory condition, the pet is transferred to the usual diet and diet.
The pet owner needs to know not only the signs of poisoning, the types of poisons, but also what to do if the cat is poisoned. Timely and competently provided first aid to a sick animal will help preserve not only health, but also the life of a pet.
What to do if the cat is poisoned?
The owner’s actions in this situation must be quick and correct. the further existence of the four-legged friend depends on this.
Whiskers are often poisoned by eating a “bad” mouse or other food with rat poison. If the cat has been poisoned by these toxins, and you do not know what to do, then study the list below:
- It is necessary to get rid of the root of the problem. to remove the poisonous substance and try to understand what dose the mustache took.
- If the mustache has harmed itself by consuming bad food or medicine, then it should be washed using saline or soda solutions (to water the patient, use a syringe without a needle placed in the mouth).
- The next procedure is an enema with chamomile broth and salt.
- After vomiting, give the mustache activated charcoal as an absorbent, after crushing it.
- After the above, we start soldering with oatmeal or rice broth.
- If the doses of poison were large or the pet was bitten by a poisonous animal, then an antidote should be used. It is important here to know exactly the source that led to the intoxication (the procedure is carried out in the clinic).
- Take your pet to a specialist for further treatment.
Intoxication can also begin with external influences. contact with the fur or skin of the mustache poison. Then it should be removed with warm water and soap.
In rare cases, the mustachioed creature can be poisoned if acid or alkali is swallowed. In this case, it is impossible to give the mustachioed creature drugs that will provoke vomiting, since the dangerous substance, going up, will be further absorbed into the walls of the esophagus.
It is necessary to create a neutralizing reaction: if there is an alkali inside, we give the mustache apple cider vinegar diluted in water; if acid gets inside. we will drink the pet with egg white whipped with water.
In order not to get dehydrated, do not give drugs with a diuretic or laxative effect to a sick mustache, unless there are special instructions from your veterinarian.
Mustached creatures are often very picky about eating this or that food, but they are extremely curious and can lick something forbidden or eat food that is natural for them, like a mouse that was previously poisoned. Also, the purr can run on the ground, on the surface of which there are pesticides or other chemical compounds, reagents. then it will wash and lick a dangerous toxin off its paws.
Depending on what caused the problem with the cat’s health, several types of poisoning can be distinguished:
- Food. when toxic substances get to the mustache with feed or water, which causes problems with the activity of the digestive system;
- Medication. if the pet was given the wrong drugs or in the wrong dose, he could also try them himself;
- Vegetable. when eating poisonous juices from a plant;
- Household. poisoning of the mustache with detergents, disinfectants or other household chemicals;
- Gas poisoning. vapors of carbon monoxide, mercury, chlorine and other toxic substances adversely affect both humans and cats.
There are a lot of situations that lead to the ingress of poison to a cat and often suffer from this mustache, which has access to the street.
An important role is played by the dose of toxin. when a lot of it has entered the body, then this is an acute form of intoxication, in which the chances of saving the mustachioed pet are very small; if the dose of the poisonous substance is insignificant, but constant, then the health indicators of the mustache gradually deteriorate, the immune defense is also weakened and general exhaustion is observed.
What to do if the cat is poisoned. reasons and first aid
Our four-legged pets can be very curious. they can go where they don’t need to, stick their nose in the trash can, or taste completely inedible things. Such actions sometimes cause consequences, for example. poisoning, which can pass in a mild form and the cat will overcome it himself, but there are also severe cases that are dangerous to the health of the mustache. Owners of the purr should approach the problem with all seriousness and know exactly what to do first if the cat is poisoned.
After intoxication, even in its insignificant form, it is very important to limit the intake of food into the body of the mustache on the first day. If the cat compulsively asks for food, then wait 12 hours after the painful condition and you can offer him some viscous rice porridge. There should always be fresh water in the plate.
Feed your pet two times a day later. it can also be rice or oatmeal (viscous), low-fat cottage cheese.
In the next meal, you can already add a small amount of cooked chicken fillet to the porridge. All food on these recovery days should be warm and liquid.
When three days have passed, the cat menu and feeding regime can be returned to normal.
The appearance of the disease. the reasons
If the mustachioed creature is poisoned, then the activity of various organs is disrupted in its body, which was accompanied by the ingress of toxic substances from food, drugs, with a bite of a poisonous creature, or with toxic vapors from the air. In rare situations, intoxication occurs when the poison penetrates through the skin or mucous membrane.
A four-legged friend who has come under the harmful influence of a toxic element needs competent help from the owner or a veterinarian, since a mild form of ailment can rapidly develop into a severe one when the pet can no longer be saved.
Manifestation of ailment in a pet
It is food poisoning that moustached pets are most susceptible to, and if this happens, then the actions and health indicators of the pet will change:
- He will become dejected and lethargic. the purr is weakened and will not want to play or move, his reaction to external stimuli will become much worse;
- The temperature will drop;
- Vomiting will appear, possibly with splashes of blood or mucus;
- The mustache will suffer from diarrhea, blood impurities may appear in it;
- He will often drink, but he will not want to eat.
In case of poisoning with drugs, the above symptoms are added. an uneasy state in a cat, impaired coordination of movement, dilated pupils, very strong salivation, in some cases foam.
If the poisoning factor is unsafe plants, then in the pet it is revealed by vomiting, diarrhea, general tremors, chills and frequent heartbeats.
Poisoning with pesticides causes symptoms in cats such as: severe diarrhea with vomiting, profuse flow of saliva, weakness with trembling and chills.
If the intoxication is caused by mercury or other poisonous vapors, then the affected pet will suffer from vomiting, convulsions, low temperature, ulcers in the mouth and nose. Possible loss of consciousness, seizures and paralysis.
- Store medicines in closed drawers.
- Make sure indoor flowers do not contain poisonous sap.
- Products such as: chips, smoked meats, canned food, chocolate, coffee, etc. should be out of sight of the pet.
- Limit mustache access to trash cans or seal them tightly.
- Keep all cleaning products, detergents, and other “dangerous bottles” for cleaning the house under lock and key.
- Freeing a pet from “roommates” (fleas, ticks, etc.), carefully study the instructions of the drug and follow it.
What to do if a cat is poisoned. we take urgent measures
Our pets, cats, are usually quite cautious animals, and some of the cats are just fussy about their food. In addition, felines have a highly developed sense of smell, which helps them determine what to eat and what to refrain from.
However, cats, especially kittens and adolescents, often suffer from their curiosity. Animals, like small children, stick their nose where they shouldn’t and try everything that comes along. The consequences of this are the most sad.
Even cats living in an apartment can get a piece of green sausage or a slice of spoiled cheese from the trash can. A cat can taste household chemicals and even a pill! And only careless owners can be blamed for this, leaving washing powders, shampoo, medicines in full view of the animal.
If a rotten product most often causes a temporary disorder, then some household chemicals and, especially, poison, may well be fatal.
Animals that “walk on their own” are in a special risk zone. This applies to cats living in private homes and summer cottages. On the street, the cat is left to itself, and there are so many interesting and still unknown things around! Why not chew on some weed? The cat does not know that it is toxic.
Private sector cats are the most likely to die. Firstly, these animals have a habit of moving away from human habitation when they feel unwell. And secondly, even if the cat returned home, it is not known how much time has passed since the moment of poisoning, it is also unknown what exactly the animal was poisoned with.
Drowsiness or overexcitement may occur. Saliva flows profusely. The pupils are dilated, vomiting, a stumbling gait are all symptoms of drug poisoning. We urgently need to give the cat an adsorbent! The easiest way for an animal to drink activated charcoal diluted in a spoon is.
The following symptoms appear: swelling of the laryngeal mucosa, increased salivation, the cat is breathing intermittently. First aid: give the cat a baking soda solution. Do not induce vomiting.
When alkali enters the body (most often these are detergents), the cat has difficulty breathing, it vomits, there may be liquid feces with blood, and convulsions occur. Mix boiled water with lemon juice (3 tablespoons per 2.5 tablespoons) and water the animal.
If the cause of the ailment is spoiled food, then the cat reacts painfully when you press on the stomach. The mucous membranes are pale. If the cat has not passed out, induce vomiting. To do this, put a little salt on the root of the tongue, or drink half a glass of highly salted water, or (also inside) give a small amount of 3 percent hydrogen peroxide. Then give activated charcoal.
The cat was poisoned by rat poison
Often in the basements of apartment buildings or in private backyards, rodents are destroyed using poisons to control rodents. It is in these places that cats find poisoned bait. If the grain serves as it, then the cat, of course, will not touch it. But, especially zealous owners do not regret meat for such a case. It is difficult to pass by such a “tidbit”.
The most powerful poisons for the extermination of rodents belong to the group of zoocoumarins. These are zinc phosphide, bromethalin, sodium fluoroacetate. Coumarins and zoocoumarins are especially dangerous because a cat can be poisoned not only with meat bait, but also by eating a poisoned rodent.
A characteristic sign of zoocoumarin poisoning is hemorrhage.
Symptoms develop up to 10 days after the poison enters the body. The animal may die in a few days, and without visible signs of intracavitary bleeding.
If the poison contains drugs from other groups, then the symptoms of poisoning will be different:
- nervous state, excessive physical activity;
- impaired coordination: the cat cannot maintain balance, falls on its side, its paws are braided;
- cramps, twitching of the limbs and tremors in the muscles;
- lethargy, high body temperature.
When poisoning with rats, self-medication is useless. We need qualified help from a veterinarian. He will administer the correct antidote, intravenous medication and maintenance therapy. Usually, poisoned animals are left in the clinic for a while.
First aid is as follows: the cat must be given any adsorbent that is in the home first aid kit. It can be activated carbon, polysorb, polyphepan, enterosgel.
It is necessary to give something enveloping to prevent further absorption of the poison into the blood. milk, egg white diluted in water, liquid starch paste, flax seed decoction.
After three hours, give a 2% solution of magnesium or sodium sulfate as a laxative. You can use castor oil. The intestines are cleaned with an enema with warm saline or boiled water.
Rat poison based on zinc phosphide is only dangerous if the cat eats the bait.
The poisoned rodent does not pose a threat to the life of the animal. You can recognize poisoning with this poison by the vomit of a dark color and the unpleasant smell of rotten fish from the mouth of a cat. Before contacting a veterinarian, it is necessary to urgently rinse the pet’s stomach with a solution of soda or a 0.5% solution of copper sulfate. The drug Maalox is also used.
In case of poisoning with poisonous plants, whether it be a flower of grass or another product of natural origin, arrhythmic heartbeat, constriction or dilation of the pupils, diarrhea, rapid pulse, tremors in the limbs occur. You should immediately flush the stomach with enterosgel (1 tablespoon) or a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
The most common causes of poisoning in kittens
A kitten living in a house can be poisoned for the following reasons.
- In contact with household chemicals that contain corrosive substances (concentrated acids and alkalis, alcohols, aldehydes). Usually the pungent smell scares off animals, but not all drugs have it. For example, ethylene glycol in antifreeze has a sweet taste and is very attractive to kittens. It is enough for a small kitten to swallow less than one milliliter of antifreeze to get poisoned.
- Preparations against insects and ticks. These poisons can act through the skin. Poisoning occurs with improper use of flea remedies: solutions, drops, shampoo. Strong insecticides are not recommended for kittens under 4 months of age. Limit yourself to a special kitten shampoo, or even better, comb out fleas by hand. Be careful when treating the room, otherwise the kitten may be poisoned by residual amounts of insecticide.
- Poisons against rats and mice: when eating a bait or a rodent that has died from such poison.
- Houseplants can cause skin inflammation on contact, poisoning if the kitten eats leaves, or if it chews on the stem. Chrysanthemum, dwarf ficus, Benjamin’s ficus, euphorbia, calla, dieffenbachia, philodendron, some types of lilies, amaryllis, asparagus, ivy, Kalanchoe, azalea are dangerous for cats.
- Medicines from the home first aid kit.
- A kitten walking freely on the street, in addition, can be poisoned by contact with other substances.
- Inhalation of vapors of petroleum products.
- When eating poisonous wild plants.
- Upon contact with drugs for the destruction of weeds, garden pests.
- Garbage poisoning is extremely rare in cats, as they are very picky about food, but this possibility cannot be completely ruled out.
What to do if a kitten is poisoned
Kittens are more susceptible to poisoning than adult cats. They, like all children, are very curious and often drag all sorts of nasty things into their mouths. A small organism is more vulnerable, it has a smaller margin of safety and usually poisoning for babies has more serious consequences.
If your kitten is poisoned, contact your veterinarian immediately! Call the clinic in advance and describe in detail the symptoms, if possible, name the poisonous substance that caused the poisoning. Do not try to treat the baby on your own, because in case of poisoning with various substances, different help and a specific antidote may be required.
First aid for kitten poisoning
What to do if a kitten is poisoned first? Regardless of whether you see a veterinarian or not, give your kitten first aid immediately.
Stop contact of the animal with the poison. If the kitten has inhaled harmful fumes, take it to fresh air. If he gets dirty on his fur or has suffered from improper use of flea repellent, wash it with soap or baby shampoo.
Induce vomiting if the cat is poisoned by eating the venom. This can be done in one of the following ways.
- 3% hydrogen peroxide solution at the rate of half a teaspoon per 1 kg of mass. Repeat up to three times in ten minutes.
- Salt solution: dilute one teaspoon in half a glass of water. It is enough for a kitten to pour 10-20 ml of solution.
- A solution of potassium permanganate of slightly pink color.
- Place a few crystals of baking soda on the root of your tongue.
- Ipecac syrup one teaspoon per 5 kg of weight.
The solutions are poured into the mouth from a teaspoon or syringe without a needle.
Do not induce vomiting in a kitten in the following cases.
- If he has already vomited. It is also useless to induce vomiting if more than 2 hours have passed since eating the poison. it has already left the stomach.
- If the animal is inhibited or in a coma. In this state, there is a high likelihood of a violation of the gag reflex, and the kitten can swell with vomit.
- In case of poisoning with alkalis, acids, detergents, oil products.
Don’t be discouraged if you have failed to induce vomiting in the kitten. What to do next?
In case of food poisoning, give the kitten adsorbents and coatings to slow down the absorption of the poison. Activated carbon, crushed and diluted in water, Polysorb, Enterosgel or other adsorbents.
Flaxseed decoction, milk, egg white solution (with water 1: 1), liquid starch paste or other slimy decoction.
What to do if a kitten is poisoned, and professional veterinary care is not available for some reason? In this case, it is necessary to accurately determine, if not the poison itself, then the nature of its effect on the body.
Signs of poisoning
With most food poisoning in a kitten, diarrhea and vomiting develop as natural defensive reactions. But you should be aware that they are not signs that are characteristic only of poisoning. Vomiting in a kitten can occur with some infections or with non-infectious diseases of the stomach and intestines. Acute poisoning is characterized by a sudden and abrupt manifestation of symptoms, normal or low body temperature. Also possible in case of poisoning in a kitten:
- symptoms of damage to the central nervous system: convulsions, paralysis, muscle tremors, difficulty or frequent shallow breathing, abnormal dilation or narrowing of the pupil, coma;
- soreness in the abdomen;
- agitation, continuous meowing, bouts of hysteria;
- sudden blindness.
How to treat a kitten after poisoning
After completing first aid measures at home, you can carry out therapeutic measures.
- Three hours after giving enveloping substances and adsorbents, give a laxative: one teaspoon of vegetable oil, saline laxatives (sodium or magnesium sulfate 2% solution 1-5 ml).
- The enema cleans the intestines well: inject 5-10 ml of saline from the syringe into the rectum of the kitten.
- To enhance the work of the kidneys, they give a diuretic, better of plant origin: decoctions of bearberry, lingonberry, juniper berries, diuretic collection.
- If dehydrated, drink saline or Ringer’s solution.
- To maintain the body, they drink a glucose solution.
- For the liver. When the kitten was poisoned, how to treat the liver so as not to harm? You can give Carsil 1/4 tablet, Hepatovet 0.5 ml for a month. this will support the body well.
Remember, in case of poisoning, it is important to provide first aid as quickly as possible. The success of further treatment will depend on this. Stop the absorption of the venom and then seek qualified veterinary care.