Symptoms depend on the cause of the cough. The clinical picture can be either pronounced or rather weak. In addition to coughing, other symptoms may appear, signaling that the animal’s condition requires urgent veterinary intervention.
Why does the dog cough?
Cough refers to exhalation through the mouth caused by muscle contraction of the airways. The provocateur of this condition is the irritation of the receptors.
Coughing due to irritation of receptors in the airways.
With its help, the respiratory tract is cleared of interfering substances. And also with the help of a cough, mechanical obstacles are prevented that interfere with the patency of the airways.
A wheezing cough is common in Bulldogs.
Sometimes a cough is caused by structural features. It refers to:
- English Bulldogs.
- French Bulldogs.
In other cases, the appearance of a cough is a serious reason for visiting a veterinarian.
Aviary cough treatment
The veterinarian may prescribe the use of:
- Antibiotic drugs.
- Expectorant medicines.
- Antitussive medicines.
If the animal has already had an aviary cough, it is necessary to take an x-ray of the sternum.
This is necessary in order to stop the development of dangerous complications. The use of Sizomycin, Cephalosporin, Bicillin is prescribed. Sometimes drugs are given intravenously.
Bicillin. a drug for the treatment of aviary cough.
Symptoms of an allergic cough
- The dog begins to sneeze strongly, non-stop.
- The whites of the eyes turn red, there is profuse lacrimation.
- Gums may turn bluish.
- Specific rashes appear on the skin.
- Sometimes the body temperature rises.
- The dog may refuse to eat, but is thirsty.
A persistent sneeze is observed with an allergic cough.
Treating a dog’s cough at home
If no dangerous pathologies have been identified, the veterinarian may recommend changing the pet’s diet and transferring it to new, more suitable conditions.
The owner is obliged to provide the dog with constant access to drink, a warm room and humid air. If the dog continues to cough after this, you need to re-contact the veterinarian.
The dog must have constant access to drink.
This condition is observed when the animal is kept in unacceptable for life, unsanitary conditions. Often parasitic cough appears in street animals guarding parking lots.
Dogs living in unsanitary conditions often get parasitic coughs.
If the animal lives in a humid climate, then a mosquito bite may be a provocateur.
Features of oncological cough
- loss of appetite;
- decreased activity;
When coughing, bloody impurities may appear. Body temperature may be slightly elevated.
Body temperature rises with cancer cough.
What to do if foam appears
Foaming when coughing is a symptom of kennel cough. The attack is accompanied by the urge to suffocate, vomiting often occurs. At the same time, at the end, the dog begins to burp white foam.
- increased body temperature;
- refusal to eat;
- swelling of the tonsils and nasal discharge.
Individuals up to 2 years old are more likely to such a disease. The disease is transmitted by airborne droplets, in addition, the focus of the disease can be brought home on the sole of the shoe.
The disease can also occur without infection, namely when a foreign object enters the respiratory system. So, the dog will try to cough with what it inhales. But if the object is stuck deeply, then only foam will cough up, and with an admixture of blood.
Note! At the end of the attack, the dog is advised to give a drink.
Left ventricular failure
This pathology appears with age. At risk are pets who have reached the age of 6 years, when the dog is already considered old. The symptoms of the disease are as follows:
- the dog gets tired quickly, cannot catch its breath after physical exertion and begins to swell;
- constant thirst;
- loss of consciousness.
Important! Only a doctor who will prescribe a course of treatment can help a dog with such an illness.
Often, four-legged pets suffer from allergies. The cough may be accompanied by:
- profuse discharge from the nose and eyes;
- swelling of the mucous membrane;
- redness of the eyes;
- sneezing, the dog starts to khyk;
- skin rashes and itching.
To avoid its manifestation, the owner is advised to observe the dog’s behavior. The allergy is likely triggered by food intake. It can also appear after a walk, especially in spring, when there is an abundant flowering of plants.
The disease develops due to prolonged contact with an allergen. In bronchial asthma, the dog coughs as if it were choking. The symptoms of the disease are as follows:
- during physical activity, an attack manifests itself, which subsides as activity decreases;
- discharge of thick, transparent mucus occurs from the bronchi;
- the mucous membrane has a bluish tint;
- during an attack, suffocation may occur, and the dog begins to groan, it may vomit;
- redness of eyes.
What to do if your dog can’t clear his throat
If the dog cannot clear its throat, then the best way out is to contact the veterinarian. But often the owner cannot deliver the pet to the clinic in a matter of minutes. Then the following measures should be taken:
- it is necessary to try to remove the object or make the four-legged friend burp. To do this, you need to inspect the mouth of the animal and, if the object is stuck nearby, try to remove it with your hand. If a thin bone is stuck, then removing it with your hand can cause even more harm to the pet, so it is recommended to pull it out with tweezers;
- if the dog is not so large, then you can try to feel the object with your hand in the larynx and push it up into the throat. If this can be done, then the animal itself will be able to spit it out;
- a simple shaking of the dog can relieve the attack, which will provoke regurgitation. For this, a large animal will need to be lifted on its hind legs and knocked a little on the chest so that an emetic desire arises;
- a simple pat on the back of the animal can alleviate the condition. Water can also help him get rid of his cough.
The dog can be treated at home
Other types and symptoms of cough in dogs
Not every owner can withstand the suffering of a pet. Therefore, it is required to carefully study why the dog can cough, as if choking, and what are the types of the disease.
Paroxysmal breathing, translated into popular language, sounds like reverse breathing. It flows in the form of convulsive sighs, which are accompanied by screams. It is difficult to predict the onset of an attack, because the dog before it appears looks as usual, feels good and does not experience breathing problems. The process itself lasts from a couple of seconds to several minutes.
The owner can help his pet get over the attack. This will require:
- Carefully pat the dog under the lower jaw and throat. This will help him swallow and thus relax the muscles.
- Fix the dog’s head and close both nostrils with your fingers. This will force the animal to open its mouth, take a deep breath and quickly get rid of the cough.
Congenital malformations of the respiratory system
Small breeds such as Yorkie, Pug, Spitz, Chihuahua, Terrier, etc. are most often susceptible to congenital malformations of the respiratory system. The disease develops due to degradation of the tracheal rings. In this case, medical treatment can help, but if it remains without effect, then the only option will be only an operation. During surgery, deformed rings are replaced with artificial ones.
The dog swallowed the bone. what to do?
The main danger of any unsuitable foreign object swallowed by an unlucky pet is that it can get stuck in one of the parts of the digestive tract, as a result of which it becomes blocked.
A foreign object squeezes all the vessels around it, and strong inflammatory processes begin in the wall of the esophagus. After a short time, pinched and inflamed tissues begin to die off, which leads to perforation of the esophagus wall. Sharp bones damage walls even faster.
Perforation of the wall of any organ is extremely dangerous. It can lead to inflammation of the mediastinum, peritonitis, cause a strong internal infection, which begins due to the entry of harmful bacteria into the abdominal cavity along with all the contents of the esophagus, intestines or stomach. All of the above, without medical assistance, leads to the rapid death of the dog.
Perhaps everything will be complete without surgery, since modern endoscopic devices allow you to remove small foreign bodies even from the stomach of an animal.
How to help?
Is it possible to independently provide first aid to your pet? Yes!
Of course, this can only be done if the dog is feeling well and does not show any signs of malaise or discomfort. Otherwise. urgently see a doctor!
So, you notice that your dog has swallowed a bone. what to do in this situation? The most important thing is not to waste time, because after damage to the organ wall, you will no longer be able to help the dog on your own. Your task: to prevent damage to it. You should not wait for a chair, hoping that the bone will be safely digested or come out naturally, without causing any problems, since the chances of such an outcome of events are small.
Paraffin, alas, does not possess such properties, therefore in this situation it will be completely useless.
So, you will have to purchase the smallest candles available in the nearest church and cut them into small circles, getting rid of the wick. The mugs should be large enough for the dog to eat easily. If you have a big dog, give him half a candle 3 times a day. If the dog is a miniature breed, a few cm is enough. 60-70 minutes after “taking” the candle, feed the pet with the same food and in the same amount as you always feed him.
What will all these manipulations give? First, the eaten and melted wax will soften and round the bone that the dog has swallowed; secondly, in the company with food, the bone will slip much easier along the intestines and scratch them less.
If there is no way to get a real wax candle, you can try to feed the dog with ordinary cotton wool soaked in vaseline or sunflower oil.
If you are sure that the swallowed bone is not sharp and is small in size, you can simply pour about 40-60 grams of petroleum jelly into the dog’s mouth.
Attention! If the bone swallowed by the dog was larger than beef. do not try to solve the problem yourself, immediately contact your veterinarian!
In any case, after all the manipulations performed, the dog must be shown to the doctor. If her condition worsens, then this must be done immediately.!
It is equally important to know what in no case should you do.
- First, it is forbidden to give laxatives. The fact is that as a result of the action of any laxative, the intestines begin to contract strongly, which increases the likelihood of damage to its walls by a sharp bone.
- Secondly, you cannot induce vomiting in an animal for the same reason that laxatives are prohibited.
Before grabbing the head and stuffing the pet with candles, you need to make sure that he really ate the bone. If a dog has swallowed a bone, symptoms and signs may include the following:
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- increased salivation,
- loss of appetite,
Of course, a lot depends on the characteristics of each dog and on how “successfully” she dined with a bone and, of course, what size and shape the last one was. If one dog immediately begins to vomit, cough and a rapid deterioration in the condition, then the other may not notice that he has eaten something wrong, and all possible negative consequences will bypass him.
This disease is of viral origin. The mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract and throat are affected. Symptoms of adenovirosis:
- sore throat (the animal reacts appropriately when trying to palpate);
- swollen lymph nodes under the jaw;
- productive cough;
- coughing discharge may be clear or cloudy;
- discharge from the nostrils;
- a slight increase in temperature indicators;
- refusal of food;
- with the intestinal form, vomiting, nausea, indigestion, diarrhea and pain in the intestinal region are observed.
When you need to urgently go to the veterinary clinic
You should call your veterinarian if you cannot retrieve the item yourself. You can’t hesitate. strangulation threatens the life of the animal. You should definitely consult a doctor if, after removing the object, the dog continues to breathe, wheeze, whine, saliva with blood appears. In the latter case, additional examination and treatment will be required.
Aviary (kennel) cough in a dog
An open-air cough is a symptom of some infectious (mainly viral) diseases of a dog, so named because of the most common cause of infection. living together or frequent contacts of animals with each other. The source of infection is a sick or recovered dog.
The signs of the disease are due to the characteristics of the pathogen (parainfluenza, canine herpes, bordetella), as well as the state of the animal’s immune system. After the incubation period (up to 10 days) has passed, the following manifestations of pathology are possible:
- a slight paroxysmal cough, similar to the fact that the dog has choked, but less pronounced;
- cough with white foam;
- swollen lymph nodes;
- increase in temperature indicators;
- discharge from the nostrils.
The kennel cough lasts for about 2 weeks. The stronger the dog’s immunity, the easier it is to tolerate the infection, sometimes even without requiring special treatment. In severe cases, the intake of antibacterial agents, antiviral, expectorant, immunomodulating and others is indicated (according to the results of the examination).
The main signs of choking
It can be difficult for beginners to identify the first signs of choking in a dog. However, it is important to be aware of such symptoms as early as possible. The main signs are:
- the dog’s breathing becomes heavy, “gurgling”, wheezing are possible;
- the pet starts to cough;
- profuse salivation is possible;
- the dog sometimes begins to vomit, vomit;
- the dog holds its head down, the behavior is restless.
Sometimes the mucous membrane of the mouth acquires a bluish tint. this is the first sign of a lack of oxygen in the pet’s blood.
The pet may become very nauseous when trying to get rid of a stuck object.
Important! Signs may vary depending on the size of the item. Large ones often cause a gag reflex, small ones cause pain, the dog begins to whine, wipe his face with his paw.
What to do if your dog chokes and cannot clear its throat?
What to do if your dog chokes and cannot clear its throat?
When a pet suddenly chokes and starts coughing, the clock ticks by seconds. In order to take adequate measures, the owners have only a few moments left, and they need to act very quickly and correctly. To do this, every pet owner must clearly know what to do if the dog chokes and cannot clear its throat.
Reasons why a dog might choke
Most often, dogs gag because of too hastily eaten food. Usually it is an unnecessarily large piece of meat, a bone. meat or fish, stuck in the throat, or dry food, hastily swallowed or “flown” into the wrong throat.
The most common causes of strangulation in dogs are:
Rush. There are dog breeds that are naturally extremely fast in eating food. They strive to get enough as quickly as possible, and because of this, accidents occur.
Greed. If the pet has not eaten for a long time, the owners leave him without food for a long time, then he can literally pounce on a bowl of food. Sometimes this behavior is just in the nature of the dog. If the dog grabs food in large chunks, it can get stuck or get caught in the windpipe.
Competition. Such situations are not uncommon where several dogs are kept. in kennels and shelters. Eating your portion as soon as possible and “switch” to eating food from a neighbor’s bowl often becomes a principle of survival.
Even in favorable conditions with sufficient, even excessive feeding, dogs will fight for food. this is in their predatory nature.
You can avoid accidents by feeding the animals in different rooms so that they do not have the desire to compete for food.
Foreign body. Dogs, especially large breeds, often swallow various objects. balls, rubber toys, gnawed shoes and various household items. If such a tendency is observed for a family pet, it is best to exclude the very possibility of such objects falling into the dog’s mouth.
The toys will have to be collected and thrown away, and the shoes should be stored so that the dog cannot get to them. But the most common foreign body stuck in a dog’s throat is bone.
A fish bone, a piece of large mosquito, an accidentally caught tubular bone, or even rather soft, but too large cartilage can cause colossal damage or even cause the death of a dog.
Dry food. Both puppies and adult animals choke on them. Sometimes this occurs due to the fact that the animal is trying to grab many small pieces of food at once, and they stick together with saliva into a large lump and provoke suffocation. In this situation, the dog coughs and cannot spit out the adhering lump. It is best to take large pellets that the pet should chew on before swallowing.
Cold or inflammatory disease. In this situation, the dog does not choke on anything, he just experiences severe dryness and sore throat, and therefore coughs, trying to cope with irritation. Here, treatment of the underlying disease will be required, then the coughing sounds that attracted attention will stop by themselves after complete recovery.
Depending on what caused the coughing, appropriate measures are taken. However, not in all situations the pet owners themselves can cope with the problem, therefore only the earliest appeal to the veterinarian can save the dog’s life.
Cough in small dogs
Cough in small dog breeds is a common occurrence due to the structural features of the pharynx, respiratory tract, maxillofacial apparatus, and the location of the teeth.
So, due to the accumulation of bacteria, insufficient hygiene of the oral cavity and teeth, a pet may develop gingivitis, stomatitis and other inflammatory processes.
The infection gradually spreads to the mucous membrane of the larynx, trachea, settles in the pharyngeal tonsils, descends into the lungs.
The deep location of the tonsils plays an important role in the development of inflammation and cough. Their increase in response to an infectious invasion leads to a narrowing of the lumen of the larynx, difficulty breathing, shortness of breath.
If a similar situation is repeated often, then the tonsils must be removed.
As a preventive measure, the owner of a small dog should regularly show the pet to the veterinarian in order to timely identify and eliminate problems with the teeth and oral cavity.
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How to deal with the situation
If the dog has coughing fits and has nothing in its throat, this may indicate a cold. In the veterinary clinic, doctors will conduct the necessary examinations and take the necessary tests, and then prescribe the necessary treatment.
When an animal has clearly swallowed something and is trying to cough up this object, then it needs to be helped, otherwise irreparable may happen. For this, the following measures are taken:
Try to remove the stuck object. To do this, you can climb into the mouth of a large dog with your hand and try to take out food, bone or a foreign body. This can help if the dog ate something that then choked.
If this fails or the dog is not that large, you can try to feel for a foreign object in the larynx. Pushing it from below, you need to try to push it up into the throat so that the dog can spit out what it has swallowed.
When a dog chokes on an object or a large piece of food, pull it out or push it into the esophagus, which cannot be saved, the animal can only be saved by an urgent tracheotomy. In this situation, the dog is laid on its side, an incision is made below the site of the foreign body stuck, the fascia is cut and the trachea is pierced. A tube is inserted into the throat, it is fixed and the injured dog is immediately taken to the clinic.
Sometimes a stuck piece can be literally knocked out of the dog. To do this, a medium-sized animal is taken by its hind legs, raised and at the same time squeezed the lower ribs.
Patting on the back is sometimes helpful. The stuck object can be forced out of the dog’s throat.
This is more difficult with a large dog, but you can try to clench the ribs to induce a reflex urge to vomit or cough.
If the dog choked and there is a threat to its life, it is necessary to immediately take action and take it to the veterinarian, and even better. call an ambulance veterinarian, if there is such a service in the area where the owners of the animal live. Sometimes, taking the right action quickly can save a pet from suffocation.
What to do if your dog swallows a bag
The steps to retrieve the package will differ depending on the amount of time that has passed since the package was absorbed.
A packet that has just been swallowed by a dog and is still in the esophagus can be retrieved with an endoscope by contacting your veterinarian.
Also in this case, you can try to induce vomiting at home using saline, mustard, or hydrogen peroxide. These substances will need to be poured into the larynx of the animal with a syringe. If vomiting occurs, the plastic bag should come out.
If more than 6 hours have passed after swallowing the package, it is in the stomach of the animal. In this case, it is possible to use petroleum jelly as a laxative. The amount of oil that will need to be given to the animal will need to be calculated based on its mass.
Veterinarians recommend giving in these cases a small amount of petroleum jelly at regular intervals, for example, after two hours, without the need to feed the animal.
It is important to remember that the use of petroleum jelly, and not another type of oil, can give the desired result. Taking vegetable or olive oils will not give a laxative effect, since these oils will be completely absorbed by the animal’s body. Vaseline or mineral oil, causing a laxative effect, will leave the dog’s body unchanged.
If the measures taken have not yielded results, and the package has already been inside the body for a long time, a surgical abdominal operation and the help of qualified surgeons will be required.
Before this, it will be necessary to make the dog an X-ray of the stomach with a contrast agent, so that the surgeon knows exactly in what place and condition the swallowed plastic bag is.
How to tell if your dog has eaten a bag
If the owners of the animal saw with their own eyes the process of absorbing the bag, but could not stop this action, measures to remove the bag can begin very quickly.
But very often the dog eats this thing imperceptibly, being outside the area of human observation.
Therefore, people who keep a pet should always very carefully monitor the condition of their pet.
A dog refusing to eat, lethargic and inactive, with a distended stomach, and having difficulty going to the toilet, most likely swallowed an inedible object.
Dangers of a bag eaten by a dog
Usually young animals are prone to eating packages, the more experienced ones already know through trial and error that this should not be done.
If the bag gets inside the dog, there are two possibilities. Very often the packet comes out on its own naturally with the following stool. But it is possible that events inside the body will go according to a bad scenario and the package will remain inside.
If the bag remains inside the stomach for a long time, and this is very possible, especially if the dog is small, and the bag is large, this can lead at best to gastritis, at worst. to stomach obstruction, food decay and peritonitis, and then the death of the animal.
Already during the process of eating a cellophane bag, the dog may choke and choke, which may lead to suffocation.
The eaten packet can lead to intestinal obstruction and death, since even if it leaves the stomach, it will go further along the digestive tract in an undigested form.
Why a dog can eat a package?
The dog was domesticated by man for a very long time, but one should not completely forget about its wild past, because the animal’s instinctive base of a wild predator has been preserved.
It should be remembered that even a cute little dog will carry the genes of wild free animals. Therefore, all domestic dogs will tend to eat inedible items that in some way resemble edible items, such as shape or smell. In normal nature, this is quite normal behavior, since in the natural environment animals usually do not encounter harmless-looking objects that can cause serious harm to the body.
What to do if the dog ate the bag
dogs at home as pets are quite common nowadays, but it requires the obligatory possession of certain skills and abilities.
First of all, dog owners should be aware that eating various inedible items, in particular plastic bags, can lead to tragic consequences of death for the animal. Therefore, it is very important for people who keep dogs to know the rules of behavior in this case and the correct sequence of actions taken.
Measures to Prevent Your Dog Eating Packages
In order to protect your pet as much as possible from the negative consequences that will occur if the plastic bag is in the stomach for a long time, people who keep dogs at home must follow certain preventive measures:
- Do not leave plastic bags within the dog’s reach at home, and keep a close eye on the dog while walking.
- It is enough, and most importantly, to feed the animal in a balanced way, so that it does not have the need to look elsewhere for missing trace elements.
- Form a negative attitude towards plastic bags in the dog using the methods of competent training.
- Carefully monitor sudden changes in the health and behavior of the dog, in order to prevent fatal consequences in time.
Danger of burdock for dogs
Burdock or burdock inflorescence does not belong to poisonous plants. If the dog has no individual sensitivity to this plant, then it cannot cause poisoning. Thorns, located at the ends of the petals, conceal the threat. They affect the mucous membranes of the mouth and digestive system of the animal.
Each barb has a hook. They serve to spread the seeds of the plant by animals, therefore they firmly dig into the skin and skin. If the dog even touches the burdock with its tongue, the damage will be serious, and parts of the plant will fall into the mouth.
Helping a dog that has swallowed a burdock
The first step is to clean the dog’s mouth from the thorns. To do this, open it and wipe it with a cloth soaked in warm water. In order to avoid injury to the mucous membrane and teeth, fractures of the jawbone, maximum effort should not be applied to unclench the mouth and, moreover, use any object for this.
Inducing vomiting to remove the thorns from the esophagus is ineffective. The hook will prevent them from easily leaving the body, and half-digested food is too soft to remove the burdock. This method can only provoke additional irritation of the esophagus.
To clear the esophagus from the burdock, the dog needs to be given a piece of stale loaf with vegetable oil. This will allow mechanical removal of the plant and its elements and activate the digestive system. You can find recommendations where they suggest replacing the loaf with a piece of cotton wool. This method is risky, since a lump of cotton is not digested and can clog the stomach.
Escorting a dog that has swallowed a burdock
For several days after the incident, the dog will need a daily inspection of the mouth. There is a possibility that splinters remain in the mucous membrane or between the teeth. They can provoke inflammation. In this case, the dog should be shown to the veterinarian.
What to do if the dog ate burdock
This can even happen while walking in the yard. over, not only puppies, but also quite adult individuals become a victim of burdock. The first rule is not to panic. The dog is sensitive to the emotions of the owner and can also develop psychosomatic symptoms. Better to calm the dog down immediately and take him home.
Reasons for a dog eating burdock
For a dog, the mouth is one of the organs of touch. Young individuals get acquainted with the world around them, tasting everything and checking the density of the surrounding objects. The unusual shape of the burdock, its resemblance to a small ball, can arouse the dog’s interest.
The second typical case is the ingestion of burdock when the dog tries to independently clean its coat of dirt. The spines of the inflorescence pull the hair into clumps, causing pain and discomfort to the dog. He can only solve the problem by gnawing debris from the skin.
Examination of a dog that has swallowed a burdock
In addition to emergency assistance, a dog that has swallowed a burdock needs a thorough examination. If pieces of the plant are stuck between the teeth, they must be removed immediately. This can be done with a toothbrush or tweezers. The nose and lips of the dog should be treated in the same way as the mouth. If there are scratches, apply an antiseptic.
Thorns may also remain on the animal’s skin. To prevent re-eating of the burdock, combing them out of the wool will help. If the burdock cannot be removed with a brush, the fur will have to be cut.
Preventing dogs from eating burdock
To prevent such a situation from arising, you can only pay great attention to the training of the dog and carefully look after it during walks. It is almost impossible to choose a place where the burdock grows. In addition, the plant case cannot be regarded as one of a kind.
A dog cannot help touching plants, but he has a good memory, operating with visual images and aromas. The puppy should be shown the burdock and taboo to approach it.
While walking, you should constantly maintain eye contact with the dog and respond to all its requests for help. You need to take a brush with you to clean the animal’s fur if necessary. Feeling discomfort from the clinging burdock, the dog must be sure that the owner will immediately rid him of the thorn.