home Dogs The dog ate a dead mouse what to do

The dog ate a dead mouse what to do

How rat poison works on a dog’s body

If a dog has eaten a poison, or a poisoned rodent, severe pathological changes begin to occur in its body. Most of the poisons that are released to kill rats affect all systems of the animal’s body, and lead to painful death.

Below are the main components that can be found in rat poison, and the features of their action on the dog’s body are considered:

mouse

  • Rodenticides (anticoagulants). these substances, entering the animal’s body, affect blood coagulation. They contribute to the development of massive internal bleeding, can cause hemorrhagic stroke.
  • Rat is one of the most dangerous poisons for a dog’s body. It leads to damage to the central nervous system, the development of pulmonary edema, acute heart failure.
  • Zinc phosphide. affects the functioning of the digestive and nervous systems.

Please note that a dog needs a very small amount of poisonous substance (a few mg) to be poisoned.

First aid

If your pet has swallowed mouse poison, it should be treated at a veterinary clinic. When the first symptoms of intoxication appear, the animal should be referred to a veterinarian. If for some reason you cannot do this right away (you are out of town, there is no round-the-clock veterinary clinic nearby), start helping him on your own. Your actions will help the dog live to the vet.

Note that giving your dog strong medications without a veterinarian’s advice is dangerous. The dosage for an animal is different from that for a human. Also, you will not know what chemical reaction the poison and the drug will enter.

First aid for poisoning a dog consists of the following:

Signs and symptoms of poisoning

“How can I help a friend?”. a similar question is asked by many. In order to determine the nature of the disease, it is important to know the features of the poisoning clinic. So, when poisoning with rat poison of the anticoagulant plan, the dog will have:

  • severe malaise;
  • dyspnea;
  • bleeding;
  • anorexia.

In more severe cases, bleeding from the intestine will necessarily begin, there will be bloody impurities in the urine. Subcutaneous hemorrhage will be noticeable, severe cough is possible.

Phosphide is rarely used for baiting rodents. But if the substance still gets into the dog’s body, it will begin:

The rat poisoning clinic includes:

  • labored breathing;
  • weak pulse;
  • convulsions.

The first signs of something amiss will appear in the first hours.

There are a number of such rat poisons:

The active substances that are present in the bait have a negative effect on the blood coagulation process at various stages and on the entire body as a whole.

A bait that exhibits chronic effects may not initially affect the rat properly. In this case, a certain concentration will lead to the death of the rodent.

The disadvantage of using poisons is that after the persecution, you may not find the corpses of pests. This will lead to rodent rot and unpleasant odor.

What does treatment in a veterinary hospital consist of?

The veterinarian will first examine the animal and measure its vital signs (pulse, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, body temperature). Owners should tell the doctor what happened to the dog: when it happened, what symptoms first appeared, what first aid was given to the dog.

In case of poisoning with rodenticides, their antidote, vitamin K. It can consist of the following groups of drugs:

  • sorbents;
  • saline laxatives;
  • enzymes;
  • pain relievers;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • corticosteroids;
  • heart medications;
  • diuretics;
  • intravenous rehydration solutions;
  • antibiotics.

If your animal is in serious condition, it will be left in the hospital for several days. If the dog is feeling stable, the doctor will explain to you what to do and tell you when to come to him for injections, droppers and examination.

Diet

When the first signs of poisoning appear, remove the bowl of food from the dog. The digestive system needs rest. You can start eating after permission from your veterinarian.

First aid kit

Experts have developed a special list of medicines that should be in the house of every dog ​​breeder. Such items and medicines will make the owner of a 4-legged friend fully prepared for first aid in case of poisoning. This list includes:

  • 3% peroxide solution;
  • a set of syringes of different sizes that are intended for washing the eyes;
  • a rubber bulb needed to cleanse the mouth;
  • several packages of activated carbon;
  • thermometer;
  • veterinarian, emergency room for 4-paw.

Salt

Open the dog’s mouth and pour table salt on the root of the tongue. about half a teaspoon. You don’t need to throw the animal’s head back. you just need to irritate the taste buds. If there is no reaction, then a saline solution should be used. For an average dog weighing less than 30 kilograms, take 4 teaspoons per half liter of water. For a larger individual. 2 tbsp. for 500 ml. The solution is poured using a syringe on the cheek. Usually, the dog starts to feel sick almost immediately. At the same time, the absorption of toxic substances sharply decreases and the “gatekeeper” closes, preventing the penetration of toxins into the blood.

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How to quickly induce vomiting in a dog

If there is no doubt that it is necessary to induce an emetic urge in an animal, then use one of the safe methods. Since each individual reacts differently to certain methods, do not overdo it, proceed with caution. It is imperative to make an amendment for the age and breed of the animal. if we are talking about a puppy or a small dog, then the dosage must be adjusted.

When artificially induced vomiting is required

In many cases, the body of the animal itself provokes vomiting in order to get rid of toxins and foreign objects. But sometimes the reflex fails. A person needs to act immediately if:

  • Rodent poison swallowed. The composition of the poison for mice and rats contains strong toxic substances that can be fatal for a small dog, and in a large dog they provoke pathological changes in blood clotting.
  • Weed control product containing arsenic was eaten. You can only understand that the dog has swallowed the poison if you saw it with your own eyes. Arsenic poisoning is usually not accompanied by overt symptoms.
  • The dog ate the pills from the owner’s first aid kit. Various painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs based on paracetamol or aspirin are especially dangerous.
  • The dog drank antifreeze (the substance causes kidney failure.
  • There is a large object in the throat that cannot be removed on its own.

Attention! Induce vomiting only if the object does not have sharp or very prominent edges.

Just water

A large amount of plain water (up to 3 liters) poured into the esophagus will also provoke a gag reflex. To reduce discomfort for the pet, it is better to take a warm liquid. it needs to be heated to body temperature. The effect will be more noticeable if you combine this method with the first method. pouring salt on the tongue. This will ensure good gastric lavage.

Hydrogen peroxide

Using this substance, carefully observe the dosage. only a 1.5% hydrogen peroxide solution is suitable for washing the dog’s stomach, otherwise a severe burn of the mucous membranes can be provoked, which will lead to a dangerous state of the animal. We dilute the peroxide in a 1: 1 ratio with water and mix thoroughly. For a small dog, 1 tsp is enough. solution, medium. 2 tsp, and for larger individuals we calculate the dosage by weight. one teaspoon per 5 kg of weight. The effect appears in about 3-5 minutes. To speed up the process, make the animal walk. If the result does not come even after 10 minutes, then you can repeat the procedure.

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Potassium permanganate solution

You need to prepare a pale pink solution in the amount of half to three liters, depending on the size and weight of the dog. It is important that all granules are thoroughly mixed, otherwise they will cause burns to the mucous membranes of the mouth and esophagus. The prepared amount of solution must be poured into the dog’s mouth using a syringe. Usually nausea starts immediately.

Vaseline oil

The gag reflex is also caused by ordinary vaseline oil. Pour half a glass of this liquid into the animal. Use only pure oil without fragrances or additives. You can not be afraid of an overdose. the substance is not dangerous, does not cause side effects.

Vaseline and any other oil envelops the gastric mucosa, significantly reducing its absorption properties. Therefore, you can give the animal to drink it to reduce exposure to toxic substances.

Bowel cleansing

To cleanse the dog’s intestines of poison for mice, you can use laxatives, enemas and absorbents (sorbents). Artificially induced diarrhea will prevent toxins from being absorbed into the bloodstream from the intestinal lumen.

To do this, the dog needs to drink a glass of solution with laxative salt: a tablespoon of magnesium sulfate (magnesia) or sodium sulfate in a glass of warm water.

After the laxative, the animal must be allowed to empty the intestines (after about 2 hours).

To cleanse the rectum, you will need a 100 ml rubber bulb and ordinary boiled water at room temperature.

Technique of the procedure:

  • lay the dog on its side;
  • lubricate the tip of the pear with petroleum jelly, raise the tail and carefully insert it into the anus;
  • slowly pour in water while stroking the dog’s belly.

After emptying the intestines, you need to water the animal and provide it with peace.

Diet

If the dog has swallowed rat and mouse poison, no need to try to feed or water it. Fermented milk products, milk, egg white are especially dangerous, since they stimulate the penetration of poisons into the blood.

The best remedy for restoring the stomach and intestines after first aid measures is mucous decoctions. They can be prepared on the basis of rice, rolled oats, flax seeds (without cereals and seeds). You can give cold strong black tea, chamomile decoction.

Poisoning symptoms

For the destruction of rodents, a poison based on rodenticides (substances that strongly thin the blood) is widely used. When it enters the blood, the synthesis of vitamin K stops, which provokes internal bleeding, malfunctions of the cardiovascular and nervous systems occur.

The reserves of vitamin K in the dog’s body are depleted by 3-4 days, it is by this time that the first signs of intoxication appear.

Help should be provided as soon as possible, since by the time the clinical picture is formed, it will no longer be possible to help the animal. If the poison is based on diphenacin, then symptoms may appear only after 2-4 weeks.

Poisoning of a dog with poison for rodents is indicated by the following symptoms:

  • lethargy, weakness, lack of appetite;
  • shortness of breath, heart palpitations;
  • pallor and low tone of the mucous membranes;
  • temperature rise up to 40˚;
  • bloody discharge from the rectum, gums, nostrils.

The greatest danger to dogs is posed by a poison based on warfarin (“Zoocoumarin”) and brodifacum.

Potent poisons (zinc phosphide) are rarely used in public places.

If the animal swallows such a bait, then after 2-4 hours the following symptoms will appear:

  • dilated pupils;
  • convulsions;
  • bloody vomiting;
  • increased thirst;
  • hard breath.

Soon, pulmonary edema occurs, which leads to the death of the dog.

Some types of poison contain strychnine. This substance is harmless to humans, and toxic to animals. Poisoning symptoms: muscle cramps, inability to stand, convulsions. The dog closes its jaws, bulges its eyes, pulls its head and tail up.

Symptoms of poisoning with phosphorus-based poison:

  • vomiting greenish-brown masses;
  • swelling of the tongue;
  • weakness.

Signs appear only after a few days. If the dog has swallowed such a poison, then a solution of copper sulfate with water (1:10) or a solution of manganese (1%) is used as an antidote. First, you need to induce vomiting by giving the animal 3 teaspoons of magnesia.

If the poison is made on the basis of arsenic, then the dog loses consciousness, vomits, breathing becomes more frequent. Epsom salt can be used to neutralize the poison, followed by lime water or egg whites.

Actions in case of poisoning with poison for rats

If a dog has eaten a poison for rats, then the first thing to do is to stop its spread throughout the body, to minimize the absorption of toxins into the blood through the intestinal walls.

Emergency measures: induce vomiting (gastric lavage), bowel cleansing, sorbents, coating agents.

What is useful to have on hand for every dog ​​owner:

  • injection solution of vitamin K1 (phytomenadion) or K3 (“Vikasol”). Veterinary K1 cannot be found in the Russian Federation, so you can use the human one: “Monodion”, “Konavit”, “Mefiton”, “Konakion”;
  • “Pyridoxine” (vitamin B6 in solution for injection). Useful when a dog is poisoned with isoniazid (scattered around yards specifically for the extermination of animals);
  • “Unitiol” is an effective universal antidote, used as a last resort only with the permission of a doctor;
  • laxative (magnesia);
  • sorbents (better “Enterosgel”);
  • syringes, syringe for 100-200 ml.

Dog eats mouse

The risk of poisoning an animal with rat poison exists in urban and rural settings. Knowing first aid procedures can save your pet’s life.

Gastric lavage

The sooner the poison is evacuated from the stomach, the better the dog’s chances of recovery. The first step is to induce vomiting. Popular way: put a few grains of salt on the root of your tongue.

If vomiting does not happen, then a tablespoon of mustard or two teaspoons of salt should be diluted in a glass of warm water and given to the dog to drink with a large syringe or syringe (she herself cannot swallow).

Veterinarians consider the above methods dangerous, since in this way the situation can be aggravated: to poison the animal even more, provoke severe irritation of the gastric mucosa. Better to drink boiled warm water.

An effective emetic is hydrogen peroxide, which must be mixed with water in equal proportions. Pour the mixture into the dog’s mouth at the rate of 1.5 tablespoons per 4.5 kg of weight. Enter the required volume in portions with an interval of 5 minutes.

In the absence of gagging, the dog can be helped: lightly press on the stomach area or wrap two fingers with a clean napkin and press on the root of the tongue. When the vomit consists only of the infused solution, the gastric lavage is completed.

If more than 4 hours have passed since the poison was eaten, then vomiting cannot be induced. The measure is also inapplicable when the dog loses consciousness, convulsions or paralysis occurs.

What to do if your dog ate mouse poison?

A dog can be poisoned with rat poison during a walk (it is laid out by employees of the DEZ and the so-called doghunters) and in its own house when persecuting rodents.

The poison has a pronounced odor that attracts not only rats and mice, but other animals as well. If the dog has eaten the poison, then the only chance to save his life will be the timely adoption of first aid measures.

How rat poison works on a dog’s body

If a dog has eaten a poison, or a poisoned rodent, severe pathological changes begin to occur in its body. Most of the poisons that are released to kill rats affect all systems of the animal’s body, and lead to painful death.

Below are the main components that can be found in rat poison, and the features of their action on the dog’s body are considered:

  • Rodenticides (anticoagulants). these substances, entering the animal’s body, affect blood coagulation. They contribute to the development of massive internal bleeding, can cause hemorrhagic stroke.
  • Rat is one of the most dangerous poisons for a dog’s body. It leads to damage to the central nervous system, the development of pulmonary edema, acute heart failure.
  • Zinc phosphide. affects the functioning of the digestive and nervous systems.
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Please note that a dog needs a very small amount of poisonous substance (a few mg) to be poisoned.

Sorbents

Sorbents are substances that bind and remove poisons and toxins from the body.

Give your dog a sorbent to drink. Everyone has Activated Carbon in their medicine cabinet. Calculate its dosage for an animal in the same way as for a person: 1 tablet per ten kg of body weight. For example, if its weight is 5 kg, you will need half a tablet, and if it weighs 50 kg, 5 tablets. Do not be afraid to slightly exceed its amount, it is better to let the pet drink a little more sorbent than less. For example, if the weight of the animal is 17 kg, give it 2 tablets.

Getting a dog to swallow a pill is not easy. It is best to grind the required amount of activated carbon and dilute it in 10-15 ml of water. Inject this solution into her mouth through a syringe. If she spits out the medicine, try again.

If you have a veterinary sorbent at home, and you know the rules for dosing it, you can use it.

Poisoning reasons

By itself, rat poison has a pronounced unpleasant odor. But manufacturers of rodent poison give it a tempting meaty flavor that can attract not only rats and mice, but dogs as well.

A dog can eat the poison itself, or a rodent that has been previously poisoned by it. In both cases, the poison enters the dog’s body, and is absorbed into the bloodstream through the gastric mucosa.

Rat poison can be specially laid out to kill dogs, not only homeless people suffer from this, but also pets.

Drinking plenty of fluids

Watering the dog is necessary to replenish the water loss that occurred during vomiting and diarrhea, and to relieve the intoxication of the body.

The animal should be given regular non-carbonated water. The dog needs to pour 10 ml of water into the mouth every 10 minutes (if the dog is very tiny. 5 ml).

Please note that if your dog is poisoned with rodenticides, it is forbidden to flush the stomach and intestines. This can increase internal bleeding. Put the dog on a fast, give it water and sorbents.

What does treatment in a veterinary hospital consist of?

The veterinarian will first examine the animal and measure its vital signs (pulse, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, body temperature). Owners should tell the doctor what happened to the dog: when it happened, what symptoms first appeared, what first aid was given to the dog.

In case of poisoning with rodenticides, their antidote, vitamin K. It can consist of the following groups of drugs:

  • sorbents;
  • saline laxatives;
  • enzymes;
  • pain relievers;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • corticosteroids;
  • heart medications;
  • diuretics;
  • intravenous rehydration solutions;
  • antibiotics.

If your animal is in serious condition, it will be left in the hospital for several days. If the dog is feeling stable, the doctor will explain to you what to do and tell you when to come to him for injections, droppers and examination.

First aid

If your pet has swallowed mouse poison, it should be treated at a veterinary clinic. When the first symptoms of intoxication appear, the animal should be referred to a veterinarian. If for some reason you cannot do this right away (you are out of town, there is no round-the-clock veterinary clinic nearby), start helping him on your own. Your actions will help the dog live to the vet.

Note that giving your dog strong medications without a veterinarian’s advice is dangerous. The dosage for an animal is different from that for a human. Also, you will not know what chemical reaction the poison and the drug will enter.

Gastric lavage

Flush your dog’s stomach. To do this, you need a 20 ml syringe. Inject water into the animal’s mouth and press on the root of the tongue to induce vomiting. Pour 20 ml of water for puppies and small dogs, medium. 40 ml, large. 60-80 ml. Do not add any medicines, herbal teas or potassium permanganate to the water. For gastric lavage, plain water at room temperature is suitable.

Remember that potassium permanganate, even in small concentrations, can cause burns and intoxication of the mucous membrane of the esophagus and stomach in an animal. Now this substance is prohibited, but still, many people have it as part of a home first-aid kit.

Rats and other rodents cause considerable damage to humans, so I exterminate them everywhere, using a special poison. rodenticide. But it is dangerous for other animals, so any dog ​​owner should know what will happen and what can be done if the dog accidentally ate rat poison.

Poisoning symptoms

The danger of poisoning lies in the fact that the first signs of a dog’s ill health appear only on the 3-5th days. In healthy animals, the body tries to cope with toxins on its own, using all its reserves of vitamin K. This is exactly the substance that is responsible in the body for blood clotting. With its lack, the symptoms of intoxication appear earlier, and the disease will be more severe.

If the dogs were not covered with thick hair, the first manifestations of poisoning could be noticed on the skin. there, first of all, hemorrhages become noticeable. The pet may bleed from the nose and gums. During bowel movements, drops of blood from the anus are observed.

But internal hemorrhages are much more dangerous. If the lungs are affected, the dog will cough. Internal bleeding leads to the fact that the animal suddenly loses weight, weakens. Fluid may collect in the abdomen.

Symptoms of rat poisoning can be:

  • discoloration of feces. It becomes green or blue, depending on the dyes present in the poison;
  • bruises on the body and bleeding from the nose, gums;
  • neurological symptoms: nervousness, impaired coordination of movements, convulsions, paralysis;
  • disorders of the digestive system. vomiting, intestinal upset. diarrhea or constipation, increased thirst;
  • problems with urination. if the kidneys are affected;
  • garlic smell from the mouth.

However, do not wait until these or other signs appear in the pet. if you suspect that the dog had access to the territory where the work was carried out to exterminate the rodents or it is behaving unusual. it is recommended to contact the veterinarian as soon as possible. The sooner the procedures for removing toxins from the body are carried out, the better. Anticoagulant poisoning can pass without consequences for the pet.

Where a dog can get poisoned

Rat bait tastes good. otherwise smart rodents wouldn’t eat it. Therefore, animals can accidentally feast on poisonous poison. If the owner is inattentive or careless during the processing of the territory, the poison may appear where the dog is walking. Out of curiosity, she can taste the “delicacy”.

A dog can be poisoned by accident if, together with the owner, is on the territory or in a room that has been processed from rodents. The owner may not even know about it.

If the animal eats a poisoned mouse or rat, some of the venom will enter the dog’s body. Sick rodents move slowly, so they often become easy prey for pets.

It happens that dog hunters, neighbors who are dissatisfied with the loud barking of a dog, also use rat poison. A poison that has an attractive taste can be perceived by an animal as a delicacy, and it will enjoy it with pleasure.

Features of the action

Rat poisons are a whole group of rodenticides with different compositions and mechanisms of action. In life, pet owners do not very often have to deal with pet poisoning, since both dogs and cats feel the poisonous bait and bypass it. Nevertheless, the animal can be poisoned, the only good news is that this rarely ends with a lethal outcome. Usually mild to moderate intoxication.

The group of rodenticides includes the following substances:

  • ethylphenacin;
  • warfarin;
  • zinc phosphide;
  • α-naphthylthiocarbamide;
  • bromethalin;
  • flocumafen and others.

All substances can be divided into four main groups of toxins based on their mechanism of action.

Warfarin, triphenacin are 1st generation anticoagulants that reduce blood clotting. After eating a poisonous bait, the rat gradually bleeds out, which does not stop, since the clotting function is impaired. For dogs, such poisons do not pose a particular danger, however, if internal organs are damaged by foreign objects or a strong overdose, internal bleeding is possible.

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2nd generation anticoagulants are more potent toxins that can kill your dog. The group includes brodifacum, bromadiolone. A lethal dose is 3.5 mg of a poisonous substance per 1 kg of animal body weight.

One of the most toxic rat poisons is zinc phosphide. Its destructive effect is that it first irritates, then destroys the gastric mucosa, then has a negative effect on the rodent’s nervous system. At higher doses, it has a similar effect on dogs, it can even cause paralysis. Deratization work with this type of poison should be carried out only under the supervision of specialists and in compliance with safety measures.

Α-naphthylthiocarbamide is very toxic, but it is used only where an invasion of rodents can cause too much damage to production. for example, destroy products. This poison in the form of a gel causes paralysis in rodents, swelling of the respiratory tract, and violates the tone of the heart. With the correct use of the drug by specialists of the deratization service and observing safety measures when storing poisons for pets, the risk of poisoning is minimal.

Most often, dog owners go to the veterinarian with symptoms of pet anticoagulant poisoning. Since the poison does not begin to act in the body immediately, with the timely provision of veterinary care, there is a chance to save the animal without serious health consequences.

What to do in case of poisoning

At the first symptoms of poisoning, even if the cause has not been established, the dog’s stomach should be cleared of toxic substances. To do this, you need to make her vomit. It is recommended to give your pet a large amount of boiled water. It is undesirable to use saline solution. salt can also poison the animal.

Do not induce vomiting if the dog has signs of nervous system damage.!

Then you need to give the dog any adsorbents that are in the house. This is a group of drugs that bind toxic substances in the intestines and remove them from the body. The most affordable ones that are in any home medicine cabinet are activated carbon, Enterosgel, Enterosorb, Polypefam, etc.

If there are signs of bleeding (bruising on the body, nosebleeds, bleeding gums), vitamin K can be injected. It improves blood clotting and reduces blood loss. Vitamin K1 is sold in a regular pharmacy (Konakion, Konavit, etc.). You can use Vikasol. vitamin K3.

After providing first aid, the dog should be taken to the veterinary clinic as soon as possible. For more effective treatment, the veterinarian must establish the type of toxic substance.

My dog ate rat poison!

If you help a dog within the first hours after poisoning, the chances of survival in animals are great. Do not hesitate to visit the veterinarian: the risks of death increase every day. Internal bleeding is the most dangerous.

There are effective antidotes for some poisonous substances. If arsenic is a part of the poison, Unithiol helps. The veterinarian will determine the source of the poisoning, prescribe treatment.

When a dog is poisoned with rat poison, the prognosis of recovery depends on many factors, and first of all, on how quickly first aid is provided to the animal. The danger of rodenticide intoxication is that symptoms may appear only after a few days, when the body has already suffered from toxins. Don’t hesitate. even if you’re unsure, you suspect the dog may have eaten the poisonous bait! Show your pet to the veterinarian to avoid the dangerous consequences of poisoning.

Signs of Poisoning in Dogs

Depending on the chemical composition of the poisonous substance, poisoning in an animal can manifest itself in different ways. Acute poisoning is characterized by obvious clinical manifestations. Poisoning of a chronic nature can develop gradually, therefore, both the pet owner and the veterinarian do not always immediately recognize it.

The poison that has entered the dog’s body affects various organs and systems. the liver, gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, heart, skin.

A clear picture of acute and rapid poisoning is visible immediately after its onset. The dog falls on its side, grinds its teeth, the head twitches, there is profuse salivation, vomiting, and often convulsions. In some cases, the animal is agitated and aggressive. But the opposite situation can also arise. the pet is depressed, lethargic, does not respond to a nickname, clogs under furniture or in a dark corner. If you do not take urgent measures, then within a few hours individual organs are affected, and the dog dies.

What to do if the dog ate the poison?

Any dog, domestic or homeless, can become a victim of flayers who scatter poison everywhere. on the streets, backyards, parks, even playgrounds. Situations are also possible when the dog eats substances left for the elimination of rats or mice.

What if the dog ate the poison? First, you need to be able to recognize the symptoms of poisoning.

Principles of Assisting Dog Poisoning

First aid for a dog in case of poisoning should be provided as soon as possible.

First of all, it is necessary to identify the nature of the poison and how it got into the animal’s body: through the mouth, skin or respiratory organs. You can get this information from those who were near the dog at the time of the poisoning.

The remains of a substance or food that the dog ate, the smell of gas, vomit with a characteristic odor, can give an idea of ​​the poison. In this case, helping your pet may be more effective.

What to do if your dog is poisoned:

  • Ensure that the poison stops entering the body;
  • If the poison has entered through the mouth, then try to remove it by giving the dog emetics. Vomiting cannot be induced if more than 6 hours have passed since the moment of poisoning. by this time the poisons are already in the intestines. In case of convulsions, loss of consciousness, vomiting should also not be induced;
  • Reduce the concentration of the poison in the gastrointestinal tract by giving the dog plenty of fluids. You can put cleansing enemas;
  • If possible, reduce the concentration of poison in the blood by bloodletting and intravenous administration of solutions of sodium chloride, glucose, etc this procedure can be performed by a veterinarian;
  • Restore the impaired functions of the organs and systems of the dog.

Almost all antidotes (drugs used for poisoning) are based on the reaction of antidotes with those substances that caused the poisoning (for example, neutralizing acids with alkali).

It is imperative to give the dog adsorbents that will absorb the poison in the gastrointestinal tract. Activated carbon, Enterosorb, chalk, burnt magnesia, white clay, strong cold tea, milk can be used as adsorbents.

You can give your dog a laxative that helps remove associated poison molecules from the intestines.

Also, to reduce the absorption of poison, you can give your pet enveloping agents. a decoction of rice, rolled oats, adding fat or egg white to it.

To speed up the process of removing the poison, you should forcefully water the dog with a large amount of liquid. diuretic tea, water.

The poisonous substance can enter the body through the skin, causing damage to the coat. In this case, the very first way to help is to wash the place where the poison got into it with cool water and soap.

In case of contact with the dog’s skin of poisonous substances that are soluble in fats (for example, chlorophos), which are absorbed even through intact skin, they should be washed off with extremely cold water. Warm water helps to absorb poison through the skin.

Having provided first aid to a poisoned dog, you should immediately consult a veterinarian. The clinic will help to establish the type of poison by taking tests from the pet. Further, the doctor can prescribe a course of vitamins, make a blood transfusion, prescribe medications to support the main body systems.

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