home Dogs The dog ate a dead mouse what to do

The dog ate a dead mouse what to do

Antidote (antidote)

  • in cases of poisoning with a rodenticide (anticoagulant), the antidote is vitamin K. It should be administered subcutaneously at a dosage of 2.5-5 mg per kg of dog weight;
  • if the poisoning occurs after using the bait with a rat, then soldering is carried out with a 1% solution of tannin. There is no specific antidote in this case;
  • if the rat poison contained zinc phosphide, a solution of copper sulfate (0.5%) or baking soda (2%) is used for treatment.

Diagnosis and treatment

After the veterinarian determines that the dog has ingested rat poison, he will vomit. This will work if no more than 2 hours have passed since the poisoning. In this case, activated charcoal can also help get rid of the poison in the stomach.

If several days have passed since the poisoning, things are much worse. At this point, internal bleeding may already be present. There is almost no chance of saving the dog.

What is rat poison?

Rat poison is used to kill small rodents. It is used as bait. It has a grain base and is available in the form of a paste, granules or ready-made briquettes. Has a pronounced unpleasant odor, but the producers “mask” it, giving the poison a tempting meaty aroma that attracts many animals.

The risk of a poisoned bait being eaten by a dog is increased when it is made with meat ingredients. Also, the animal can be poisoned by eating a rodent that has died from the poison. In both cases, toxic substances enter the dog’s body and enter the bloodstream through the mucous surface of the stomach. This leads to pathological changes and severe poisoning.

What to do if you are not sure if your dog has eaten rat poison?

If you are not sure, take the animal to the vet anyway. At the very least, he will determine the coagulability of his blood and the poisonous substance, if any. There is an antidote for some poisons. If it is introduced in the first hours after poisoning, it can save the dog’s life. Alas, it does not exist for all toxic substances. But if there is a chance to save the dog, it will be used.

Dead rat next to a bowl of rat poison

If the antidote helps the dog, further treatment will go well. True, the forecast depends on a number of factors, which, depending on the situation, may be different.

If a dog has eaten rat poison, the consequences for its body can be fatal. Many poison manufacturers add additional components to such chemical compositions, which give them a rich smell of grain or meat. This makes them more attractive not only to rodents, but also to dogs and other pets.

Poisoning can occur when eating poisonous mice and rats. In this case, the dog can quickly die. Considering that the timely assistance of a veterinarian and directed actions to detoxify the pet’s body do not always allow you to avoid a lethal outcome, you need to protect your animals from contact with any toxic substances.

Symptoms of a dog poisoning with rat poison

Symptoms of poisoning may depend on the amount of poison eaten and its type.

The following phenomena can be observed in dogs:

  • Green or blue feces. The color of feces depends on the presence of certain dyes in the poison. If the dog’s feces have acquired an unusual color, and you have not seen that he has eaten rat poison before, take him to the veterinarian anyway to be sure of this. Better to be safe.
  • Hemorrhage or bleeding. Since blood clotting is completely disturbed after consuming the poison, bruises begin to appear on the dog’s body. Bleeding from the nose, gums, or anus may also occur. Bleeding in the lungs may cause the dog to cough. Blood can also be seen when the pet urinates and in its feces. As a result of internal bleeding, animals quickly weaken and lose appetite, their gums become pale. Under the skin, the dog may develop swelling associated with hemorrhages. There may be accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity.
  • Neurological symptoms. In addition to bleeding, the dog may experience seizures, nervousness, anxiety, movement disorder, and paralysis.
  • Gastrointestinal Disorders. As with other poisoning, dogs have vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, or constipation after rat poison. If the kidneys are affected, the dog will be thirsty and may have trouble urinating.

Treatment activities

The mainstay of treatment after poisoning is antidote therapy. Additionally, treatment is carried out aimed at:

  • removal of poison from the body;
  • replenishment of water losses;
  • treatment of internal organs (if necessary).

Depending on the condition of the dog and the severity of the poisoning, doctors may prescribe:

  • blood (plasma) transfusion to restore the number of red blood cells and improve clotting;
  • droppers with glucose;
  • intravenous rehydration solutions;
  • iron preparations;
  • sorbents.

If necessary, when the work of internal organs is disrupted, appoint:

  • diuretics;
  • corticosteroids;
  • enzymatic preparations;
  • heart medications;
  • anti-inflammatory drugs.

What is the danger of rat poison for a dog?

Consider what dangerous substances are in the composition of rat poison, and how they affect the dog’s body.

The main components that make up rat poison are:

  • Rodenticides (anticoagulants). These substances penetrate into the bloodstream almost immediately after entering the stomach. Because of this, the formation of proteins that do not have coagulation properties occurs, which becomes the reason for the cessation of the synthesis of vitamin K. This means that the blood of the animal, in this case of the dog, loses its ability to coagulate. Massive internal bleeding occurs, provoking the onset of hemorrhagic stroke.
  • Zinc phosphide. It has a detrimental effect on the digestive tract and the nervous system. Destroys the gastric mucosa and disrupts vascular reactions.
  • Krysid. It is one of the most harmful and toxic poisons for the dog’s body. Causes damage to the central nervous system, severe pulmonary edema and acute heart failure.
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Most often, rat poisons with rodenticides are found, and rats and zinc phosphide are recommended for use only under the supervision of a rodent exterminator.

Rodenticide rat poisons include:

Important! After the dog has consumed the listed poisonous substances, signs of poisoning appear only after 3-5 days. This is due to the fact that the dog’s body has some supply of vitamin K.

So how does rat poison work on dogs? Summarizing the above, we can say that rat poisoning causes in dogs:

  • violation of the production of vitamin K, which is responsible for blood clotting;
  • massive internal bleeding;
  • serious deviations in the work of the nervous and cardiac systems.

Additional examination

To check the internal organs, the veterinarian may prescribe laboratory tests:

  • blood tests: general and biochemical;
  • general urine analysis.

What does treatment in a veterinary hospital consist of?

The veterinarian will first examine the animal and measure its vital signs (pulse, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, body temperature). Owners should tell the doctor what happened to the dog: when it happened, what symptoms first appeared, what first aid was given to the dog.

In case of poisoning with rodenticides, their antidote is introduced. vitamin K. In all other cases, the treatment is symptomatic, and aimed at removing the poison from the body, replenishing water and electrolyte losses, and treating complications from the internal organs. It can consist of the following groups of drugs:

  • sorbents;
  • saline laxatives;
  • enzymes;
  • pain relievers;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • corticosteroids;
  • heart medications;
  • diuretics;
  • intravenous rehydration solutions;
  • antibiotics.

If your animal is in serious condition, it will be left in the hospital for several days. If the dog is feeling stable, the doctor will explain to you what to do and tell you when to come to him for injections, droppers and examination.


After providing PMP, you can not hesitate and you need to immediately take the dog to the veterinarian. There she will be prescribed a course of treatment.

You may need a long course of taking vitamins K1. they will help normalize blood clotting. It is also possible that a blood transfusion will be needed to increase the level of red blood cells.

In especially severe cases, planned treatment is carried out: they give anticonvulsants, restore liver function, treat pulmonary edema.

If your dog has eaten poison, then his life depends on the substance eaten, but primarily on your actions. If you miss even an extra hour, your chances of saving your pet will be drastically reduced. Be mindful of what your dog eats and how he behaves after eating.

Get rid of rats in any way you can to keep your pet alive.

Rat poisoning in dogs is very dangerous. It can lead to the rapid death of the animal. In this article, we examined what to do if a dog ate rat poison, the main causes and clinical manifestations of this poisoning, methods of its treatment and prevention.

Poisoning reasons

By itself, rat poison has a pronounced unpleasant odor. But manufacturers of rodent poison give it a tempting meaty flavor that can attract not only rats and mice, but dogs as well.

A dog can eat the poison itself, or a rodent that was previously poisoned by it. In both cases, the poison enters the dog’s body, and is absorbed into the bloodstream through the gastric mucosa.

Rat poison can be specially laid out to kill dogs, not only homeless people suffer from this, but also pets.

Taking care of your dog after poisoning

After stabilizing the condition of the animal, you must strictly follow the recommendations of a specialist regarding feeding and caring for your pet. Recommendations may differ depending on the degree of damage to internal organs. On the first day after poisoning, the animal should have constant access to water, but you should not feed the dog. This will reduce the risk of overloading the kidneys and liver, and quickly remove poisons from the body.

After a day, on the recommendation of a doctor, you can start offering your pet liquid porridge or light broth in small portions. You need to feed the animal up to 5 times a day. For the entire recovery period, you should exclude the use of canned food, dry food, pasta, loaf, potatoes and other foods that will be difficult to digest.

Sparing feeding is shown to the animal for a month after poisoning. Products should be introduced into the diet gradually. The first time after poisoning, the pet will experience pain and severe weakness, so you should not overload it with long walks and training. A gentle regimen will allow your pet to recover faster from intoxication.

Bowel cleansing

Perform bowel lavage with an enema. For washing, take a baby enema pear, with a volume of 50-100 ml. Fill the enema with plain water at room temperature and inject it into your dog’s rectum. Then, wait until she goes to the toilet and repeat this procedure a few more times.

When conducting an enema in dogs, a problem may arise. an animal accustomed to pee on the street will restrain itself after the enema, and ask for a walk. In this case, you will have to take out, or take out (in case of severe weakness) the dog into the yard.

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Danger of rat poisons for dogs

There are a great many rat poisons, but they all have different effects on the dog’s body. The following popular poisons can have an effect on an animal:

dead, mouse
  • Anticoagulants. The principle of action of the first generation of this poison is based on a violation of the normal synthesis of vitamin K and problems with blood clotting. It is excreted from the body extremely quickly if a small dose has been eaten. The second generation, on the other hand, has an accumulating property and is excreted much longer. Death can occur from 4 mg / kg. Symptoms will not manifest themselves immediately, somewhere in three to four days, due to the fact that the body contains a large amount of vitamin K;
  • Krysid. This poison is almost never used due to its high toxicity not only for rats, but also for humans. May cause pulmonary edema, circulatory disorders, convulsions. A dog can die from 50-90 mg / kg;
  • Zinc phosphide. It is used only by specialists when carrying out deratization, it is extremely toxic and dangerous. When ingested in the stomach, it releases phosphorous gas, damaging the gastric mucosa and adversely affecting the nervous system.

If your dog has eaten rat poison, you need to act immediately.

Prevention of poisoning

Rat poisoning in dogs is often fatal. It is much easier to avoid contact of your pet with this poison. Below are some tips to help you do this:

  • Walk your dog on a leash and with a muzzle. This way you can be sure that your pet won’t pick anything up from the ground.
  • From an early age, teach your dog that eating from the ground is prohibited.
  • If the room where you live is planned for deratization (destruction of rodents), take the dog for a while to another house (to relatives, friends, or leave it at the boarding house in a veterinary clinic).
  • In the village, forbid the dog to run around the sheds, cellars, chicken coops. There she can find a dead, poisoned mouse.

Poisoning with rat poison in dogs leads to severe disorders in the internal organs of the animal and, in the absence of medical care, to death. When the first signs of poisoning develop, take your pet to a veterinary clinic. There he will receive first aid, conduct an examination and prescribe treatment.

If a dog has eaten rat poison, the consequences for its body can be fatal. Many poison manufacturers add additional components to such chemical compositions, which give them a rich smell of grain or meat. This makes them more attractive not only to rodents, but also to dogs and other pets.

Poisoning can occur when eating poisonous mice and rats. In this case, the dog can quickly die. Considering that the timely assistance of a veterinarian and directed actions to detoxify the pet’s body do not always allow you to avoid a lethal outcome, you need to protect your animals from contact with any toxic substances.

Symptoms and signs of poisoning

What happens if a dog suddenly swallows a bait with poison? When poisoned, they show different symptoms. If the dog has eaten an anticoagulant rat poison, the following symptoms will appear:

  • dyspnea;
  • pallor of all mucous membranes;
  • lack of appetite;
  • nosebleeds, internal hemorrhages;
  • lethargy, weakness.

In severe cases, there may be active internal bleeding, coughing up blood, bloody diarrhea and lameness. If urgent measures are not taken and the animal is not taken to the hospital, it will quickly die from blood loss.

Due to the reasons described above, rats and phosphide are not used at all, but there are exceptions everywhere, and phosphide poisoning looks like this:

My dog ate rat poison!

  • severe cramps;
  • dilated pupils, disorientation in space;
  • weakness;
  • restless behavior;
  • bloody diarrhea and vomiting of blood.

If the dog ate a rat, then there is:

  • pulmonary edema, due to which there is difficulty in breathing;
  • weak, almost imperceptible pulse;
  • vomiting;
  • pallor;
  • difficulty urinating or no urination at all;
  • convulsions.

If no action is taken urgently, the animal may die.

Where a dog can get poisoned

Rat bait tastes good. otherwise smart rodents wouldn’t eat it. Therefore, animals can accidentally feast on poisonous poison. If the owner is inattentive or careless during the processing of the territory, the poison may appear where the dog is walking. Out of curiosity, she can taste the “delicacy”.

A dog can be poisoned by accident if, together with the owner, is on the territory or in a room that has been processed from rodents. The owner may not even know about it.

If the animal eats a poisoned mouse or rat, some of the venom will enter the dog’s body. Sick rodents move slowly, so they often become easy prey for pets.

It happens that dog hunters, neighbors who are dissatisfied with the loud barking of a dog, also use rat poison. A poison that has an attractive taste can be perceived by an animal as a delicacy, and it will enjoy it with pleasure.

Rats and other rodents cause considerable damage to humans, so I exterminate them everywhere, using a special poison. rodenticide. But it is dangerous for other animals, so it is advisable for any dog ​​owner to know what will happen and what can be done if the dog accidentally ate rat poison.

This Is What You Should Do If Your Dog Ate Poison For Rats

Poisoning symptoms

The danger of poisoning lies in the fact that the first signs of a dog’s illness appear only on the 3-5th days. In healthy animals, the body tries to cope with toxins on its own, using all its reserves of vitamin K. This is exactly the substance that is responsible in the body for blood clotting. With its lack, the symptoms of intoxication appear earlier, and the disease will be more severe.

If the dogs were not covered with thick hair, the first manifestations of poisoning could be seen on the skin. there, first of all, hemorrhages become noticeable. The pet may bleed from the nose and gums. During bowel movements, drops of blood from the anus are observed.

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But internal hemorrhages are much more dangerous. If the lungs are affected, the dog will cough. Internal bleeding leads to the fact that the animal suddenly loses weight, weakens. Fluid may collect in the abdomen.

Symptoms of rat poisoning can be:

  • discoloration of feces. It becomes green or blue, depending on the dyes present in the poison;
  • bruises on the body and bleeding from the nose, gums;
  • neurological symptoms: nervousness, impaired coordination of movements, convulsions, paralysis;
  • disorders of the digestive system. vomiting, intestinal upset. diarrhea or constipation, increased thirst;
  • problems with urination. if the kidneys are affected;
  • garlic smell from the mouth.

However, do not wait for these or other signs to appear in the pet. if you suspect that the dog had access to the territory where the work was carried out to exterminate the rodents or it is behaving unusual. it is recommended to contact the veterinarian as soon as possible. The sooner the procedures for removing toxins from the body are carried out, the better. Anticoagulant poisoning can pass without consequences for the pet.

Features of the action

Rat poisons are a whole group of rodenticides with different compositions and mechanisms of action. In life, pet owners do not very often have to deal with pet poisoning, since both dogs and cats feel the poisonous bait and bypass it. Nevertheless, the animal can be poisoned, the only good news is that this rarely ends with a lethal outcome. Usually mild to moderate intoxication.

The rodenticide group includes the following substances:

  • ethylphenacin;
  • warfarin;
  • zinc phosphide;
  • α-naphthylthiocarbamide;
  • bromethalin;
  • flocumafen and others.

All substances can be divided into four main groups of toxins based on their mechanism of action.

Warfarin, triphenacin are 1st generation anticoagulants that reduce blood clotting. After eating a poisonous bait, the rat gradually bleeds out, which does not stop, since the clotting function is impaired. For dogs, such poisons do not pose a particular danger, however, if internal organs are damaged by foreign objects or a strong overdose, internal bleeding is possible.

2nd generation anticoagulants are more potent toxins that can kill your dog. The group includes brodifacum, bromadiolone. A lethal dose is 3.5 mg of a poisonous substance per 1 kg of animal body weight.

One of the most toxic rat poisons is zinc phosphide. Its destructive effect is that it first irritates, then destroys the gastric mucosa, then has a negative effect on the rodent’s nervous system. At higher doses, it has a similar effect on dogs, and can even cause paralysis. Deratization work with this type of poison should be carried out only under the supervision of specialists and in compliance with safety measures.

Α-naphthylthiocarbamide is very toxic, but it is used only where an invasion of rodents can cause too much damage to production. for example, destroy products. This poison in the form of a gel causes paralysis in rodents, swelling of the respiratory tract, and disrupts the tone of the heart. With the correct use of the drug by specialists of the deratization service and observing safety measures when storing poisons for pets, the risk of poisoning is minimal.

Most often, dog owners go to the veterinarian with symptoms of pet anticoagulant poisoning. Since the poison does not begin to act in the body immediately, with the timely provision of veterinary care, there is a chance to save the animal without serious health consequences.

What to do if your dog ate rat poison

What to do in case of poisoning

At the first symptoms of poisoning, even if the cause has not been established, the dog’s stomach should be cleansed of toxic substances. To do this, you need to make her vomit. It is recommended to give your pet a large amount of boiled water. It is undesirable to use a saline solution. salt can also poison the animal.

Do not induce vomiting if the dog has signs of nervous system damage.!

Then you need to give the dog any adsorbents that are in the house. This is a group of drugs that bind toxic substances in the intestines and remove them from the body. The most affordable ones that are in any home medicine cabinet are activated carbon, Enterosgel, Enterosorb, Polypefam, etc.

If there are signs of bleeding (bruising on the body, nosebleeds, bleeding gums), vitamin K can be injected. It improves blood clotting and reduces blood loss. Vitamin K1 is sold in a regular pharmacy (Konakion, Konavit, etc.). You can use Vikasol. vitamin K3.

After providing first aid, the dog should be taken to the veterinary clinic as soon as possible. For more effective treatment, the veterinarian must establish the type of toxic substance.

If you help a dog within the first hours after poisoning, the chances of survival in animals are great. Do not hesitate to visit the veterinarian: the risks of death increase every day. Internal bleeding is the most dangerous.

There are effective antidotes for some poisonous substances. If arsenic is a part of the poison, Unithiol helps. The veterinarian will determine the source of the poisoning, prescribe treatment.

When a dog is poisoned with rat poison, the prognosis of recovery depends on many factors, and first of all, on how quickly first aid is provided to the animal. The danger of rodenticide intoxication is that symptoms may appear only after a few days, when the body has already suffered from toxins. Don’t hesitate. even if you are unsure, you suspect that the dog may have eaten the poisonous bait! Show your pet to the veterinarian to avoid the dangerous consequences of poisoning.