Signs preceding vomiting
The dog cannot tell about his health, therefore, only by external signs, the owner can find out that not everything is in order with his beloved pet. As you know, vomiting is preceded by nausea, and it can affect the behavior of the dog:
- the animal often licks its muzzle;
- refuses food, does not drink water;
- profuse salivation occurs;
- the dog shows anxiety, constantly moves erratically;
- the pet has a rumble in its stomach and a loud burp.
In addition, it is not uncommon for a pet to have a stool disorder before vomiting: both diarrhea and constipation.
Quite often, dog owners confuse two concepts. vomiting and regurgitation, if in the first situation the food comes out in the form of a digested slurry, then in the second it does not have time to go through the processing process.
Vomiting in dogs
Vomiting in dogs is not uncommon, and there are many reasons for this reaction. You should not panic right away, since the gag reflex does not always indicate serious problems. What should you pay special attention to and how to behave if your dog is vomiting??
Pathological vomiting and its characteristic signs
Vomiting often signals a disease and in most cases has distinctive characteristics. The main symptoms of vomiting in dogs are:
- vomiting with blood can be a symptom of diabetes, oncology, ulcerative lesions or gastric bleeding, the blood is brightly scarlet or brown, it depends on the duration of the bleeding;
- vomiting a few hours after eating. often occurs against the background of cancer;
- vomiting with bile (yellow), excrement indicates intestinal obstruction, or worm infestation (in this case, the animal begins to eat grass at every convenient moment, after which vomiting occurs);
- if vomiting occurs repeatedly, is accompanied by diarrhea, a clear ammonia smell emanates from the mouth, then this is a sign of a disorder of renal functions (renal failure) or uremia;
- repeated vomiting may be a sign of inflammation of the pancreas, gallbladder, hepatic colic;
- the dog vomits on an empty stomach or, as soon as it eats, it means, most likely, she has gastritis.
Vomiting with white foam
Often, dog owners are afraid of the appearance of vomit in the pet, containing white foam. Is there any reason for concern?
In fact, there is a physiological explanation for this phenomenon. If vomiting occurs some time after the dog has eaten, then it is during this period that food is pushed from the stomach further along the gastrointestinal tract. The stomach itself is empty and its walls, as a protection against erosion by gastric juice, are covered with a layer of mucus.
The composition of the mucous coating includes proteins and polysaccharides, which contribute to the formation of structurally cellular masses after swallowing air.
When a dog vomits white, foamy secretions, you should not worry too much, as this phenomenon confirms that the animal does not have any serious ailments. If this happens once, then no treatment is required. If this is repeated many times, then a trip to the veterinary clinic becomes mandatory.
Does the dog vomit white foam on an empty stomach? This means that we can talk about a violation of the functions of bile secretion, which normally should enter the large intestine after each meal. In this case, the liver secretes the necessary enzyme fluid during hunger, which irritates the intestinal walls. After this, there is a forced movement of bile into the stomach. Vomiting in the dog is mild, after which the pet is again ready to eat. This phenomenon is not considered a pathology, and normally it can be repeated once every 7 days.
But if the vomit is covered not with white, but with yellow foam, then this is a sign of a serious illness.
How to deal with vomiting in a dog
Do all the owners know what to do, and even more so, what is better to avoid if the pet starts vomiting? Of course, first of all, there is no need to panic and assess the situation sensibly. Even if medical attention is needed, the host must abide by the following rules:
- A dog that vomits is not to be blamed. It makes no sense to scold a pet for what it cannot control. After all, this natural process, cleansing the body of harmful effects, is necessary for further successful treatment.
- Don’t try to stop vomiting.
- Only the owner can assess the situation and find out the reason for this phenomenon. Maybe the dog ate too much food, got poisoned, got heat stroke, etc. the more accurate the data obtained by the veterinarian, the sooner an effective treatment will be determined.
- The owner of the dog must record the number of vomiting urges, their consistency, shade, contents, as well as accompanying symptoms. all this is valuable information for diagnosing the disease.
- When vomiting, the body requires maximum cleaning, so the first day you should not feed the pet. If on the second day the vomiting has passed, then liquid food without salt and spices can be introduced into the diet.
- The same applies to drinking. you will have to refuse it for a day, and in return offer the dog to lick ice cubes. If vomiting does not recur within two to three hours, then you can give the dog some low-fat chicken broth.
After the pet can be given food, it is worth taking care of its dietary nutrition. Turkey breast, chicken, fresh herbs are suitable for food. From cereals, it is better to give preference to brown rice, rolled oats. To feed the dog during this period is required in small portions, up to six times a day. Food must be fresh and warm.
If the vomiting process is over, then on the third day you can enter the pet’s usual food into the pet’s diet.
Causes of vomiting in dogs
Of course, this phenomenon cannot be called pleasant, but it also has its positive aspects. Vomiting is, first of all, a protective mechanism of the body, with the help of which all poisonous, toxic substances, foreign objects come out of it. By cleansing, in this way, the body protects itself from negative effects.
Among the causes of gagging, the following can be noted:
- diseases of infectious origin;
- intoxication of the body due to the intake of poor-quality food (in this case, animals that can eat something from the trash bin at home, on the street near trash cans or after digging it out of the ground most often suffer);
- foreign objects trapped in the digestive tract or stuck in the esophagus, pharynx (in this case, the pet can cough for a long time trying to get rid of the interfering object);
- ingestion of caustic, irritating substances, including from poisonous insects, into the respiratory tract;
- the presence of parasitic microorganisms in the dog, for example, worms;
- intestinal obstruction;
- excessive overeating;
- an allergic reaction of the body;
- overheating of the animal, which provokes heatstroke;
- dogs are very emotional animals, so stress can provoke intestinal spasms and, as a result, vomiting;
- CNS damage.
Diagnosis and treatment of vomiting in dogs
In a veterinary clinic, a diagnostic study is performed to treat vomiting in dogs if it does not stop and is accompanied by alarming symptoms. It includes the following procedures:
Why Does My DOG Eat GRASS to PUKE all of a sudden? Animal Facts
- general blood analysis;
- abdominal radiography;
- Ultrasound of the peritoneum.
Drug therapy is prescribed according to the clinical picture and consists in eliminating the accompanying signs:
- To eliminate gastrointestinal spasms, prescribe No-shpu (Drotaverin) or Papaverine.
- To eliminate nausea and normalize gastric contractions. Cerucal.
- With increased acidity of the gastric flora and elimination of irritation, the drug Omez is prescribed.
- If vomiting has led to the risk of dehydration, then two drugs are prescribed drip at once. Glucose and Ringer’s infusion solution.
- To remove toxic components from the pet’s body, absorbent agents are prescribed. Smecta, Enterosgel, Polysorb, activated carbon.
- Often, the homeopathic veterinary remedy Verokol is prescribed, used as first aid, until vomiting has completely stopped.
If a dog lives in the house, then you need to be prepared for the fact that she may get sick. And in some cases, first aid from the owner has a decisive effect on the success of the entire treatment. The same applies to vomiting, which can be both natural and pathogenic.
Diseases of dogs with vomiting
Vomiting in dogs can be a leading symptom in a variety of medical conditions. The reasons can be very diverse. Diagnostics of the nature of the occurrence of a symptom such as vomiting largely determines the correctness of the diagnosis.
So what pathological conditions can vomiting in dogs accompany??
First of all, vomiting accompanies almost all diseases of the digestive system in dogs, such vomiting is often classified as gastrointestinal. Poisoning of non-benign food, gastritis, peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, volvulus in dogs, pancreatitis, gastroenterocolitis, hepatitis, liver lipidosis, foreign bodies in the stomach and intestines of a dog, infectious diseases of the digestive system (parvovirus enteritis in dogs, coronovirus infection etc.), helminthiasis (worms in a dog), this is not a complete list of diseases of the digestive system, in which vomiting can occur in dogs.
Another group of diseases, the inherent symptom of which is vomiting in dogs, is lesions of the central nervous system, namely the brain, leading in one way or another to the emetic center in a state of excitement. Traumatic brain injury in dogs, intracranial hypertension with hydrocephalus or brain tumors, cerebrovascular accident or meningitis in dogs, peripheral vestibular syndrome, heat and sunstroke.
Vomiting in the above-described diseases is called central, tk. it arises not due to stimulation of peripheral vomiting receptors in the digestive organs, but due to the primary involvement of brain receptors in the process
Separately, it is worth mentioning vomiting during intoxication of the body. Intoxication of the body can occur when:
- dysfunction of the liver and kidneys, as well as the urinary and biliary systems, can occur with renal failure, renal amyloidosis, portosystemic shunts in dogs, hepatitis, liver lipidosis, gallstone and urolithiasis in dogs, etc. And since the main organs responsible for the removal of toxic substances from the body are the liver and kidneys, the complete or partial loss of their function leads to self-poisoning of the body by metabolic products. What leads to indomitable vomiting in dogs.
- systemic infectious processes (viral and bacterial), such as: parvovirus enteritis, coronavirus infection, canine plague, sepsis, pyometra in dogs, abscesses, phlegmon, etc. Viruses in the process of their vital activity provoke massive death of body cells, which, in combination with the secondary bacterial microflora, leads to poisoning of the animal with cellular decay products. Bacterial inflammatory processes primarily provoke intoxication with bacterial toxins and only then the decay products of dead tissue.
- parasitic invasion. Worms in dogs and protozoa are the most common parasitic problems that lead to intoxication of the dog’s body, and as a result. vomit. Worms in a dog, symptoms can be very varied, but the most characteristic is vomiting, as well as diarrhea.
- drug overdose. Some drugs, when injected into the body of an animal in excessive quantities or at a high rate, can cause vomiting, for example, alcohol, cytostatics, narcotic analgesics, etc.
Severe vomiting in a dog is often accompanied by concomitant signs of intoxication: dehydration, general lethargy, the dog does not eat, reacts poorly to external stimuli, is often in a coma, there may be secondary signs of dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract (in a dog, diarrhea and vomiting).
Treating vomiting in dogs
Vomiting in a dog requires immediate treatment. Remembering that vomiting is not a disease, but a symptom, we must realize that it is not possible to cure vomiting without identifying the underlying disease that causes it. Once we have begun treating the cause of vomiting, such as an intestinal infection, we should simultaneously work on preventing recurrence of vomiting (antiemetic drugs) and treating its adverse effects on the body, such as dehydration in dogs and wasting. When dehydrated, a dropper will help the dog cope with a lack of fluid in the body, vitamins will raise the general tone of the body, and nutritious, well-absorbed feed will quickly gain strength for further recovery.
If the dog vomits repeatedly, then this is a reason for a visit to the veterinarian. The nature of vomiting can be very different and largely determines the cause of vomiting. When diagnosing the cause, everything is important: the circumstances. when or after which the dog vomits, the frequency of vomiting, the contents of the vomit, their color, the presence or absence of a connection between the occurrence of episodes of vomiting with food intake, etc.
The relationship of vomiting with food intake. Vomiting can occur on an empty stomach, while eating, immediately after eating, or some time after eating. The dog often vomits on an empty stomach in the presence of chronic inflammatory problems with the stomach and intestines, uremia. If the dog vomits after eating food (during or immediately after eating), then you can suspect the possibility of a diverticulum of the esophagus, reflux esophagitis, a foreign body in the stomach or severe gastritis, gastric ulcer and / or intestinal ulcer, stomach and / or esophageal tumor. If vomiting in a dog occurs 1.5-2 hours after eating undigested food, then a violation of the evacuation of stomach contents, its atony, can be suspected. If vomiting in a dog is associated with the administration of drugs, then it is likely that either the drugs themselves cause this kind of reaction (drug intolerance) or vomiting is provoked by their too rapid intravenous administration (drug intoxication). When the body is intoxicated, the dog constantly vomits, vomiting can be spontaneous or constant and not depend on food intake.
The consistency and content of vomit in a dog is of great diagnostic value.
If the dog vomits with foam (white, white foam) or mucus, then we can suspect gastritis in the animal (both primary and secondary against the background of uremia), intoxication, vomiting against the background of peripheral vestibular syndrome. Mucus and foam can be observed in vomit and with intestinal obstruction or if there is a foreign body in the dog’s stomach.
If a dog vomits bile (yellow or green), then we can assume both the presence of liver problems and intestinal obstruction below the confluence of the bile duct. In addition, the dog vomits bile if the vomiting is prolonged, exhausting in nature and the entire contents of the stomach have already exited with vomit, and active antiperistaltic contractions of the stomach and intestines persist, which provokes the reflux of bile from the duodenum into the stomach. Dog vomits water or food immediately after eating or absorbing water in case of poisoning with non-benign food, acute gastritis, as well as the cause of a stomach volvulus in dogs, a foreign body in the stomach.
But the most unpleasant and threatening conditions can be considered in which dog vomits blood. Vomiting with blood in dogs may look different, sometimes you can see small streaks of red (indicating low-intensity bleeding), profuse blood clots or black vomiting indicate massive bleeding into the stomach cavity and require urgent delivery of the animal to an intensive care center for making a diagnosis and providing emergency care. The dog vomits blood, if there is: insufficiency of the coagulation system, opening of a tumor in the gastrointestinal tract, hemorrhagic gastritis, stomach ulcer in a dog, perforation of the stomach with sharp foreign objects (the dog ate chicken bones), poisoning of the dog with rat poison, etc.
If your dog vomits worms, then you should show the animal to the doctor and give pills for worms for dogs. Worms in dogs cause vomiting or are present in it only with a very severe degree of damage, if the dog has worms, it is advisable to send them for analysis to a laboratory for research. best treatment.
Nausea and vomiting in dogs, symptoms
A dog that is nauseous behaves. as a rule, he is very restless, does not find a place for himself, tries to hide in a secluded place. Signs of nausea in dogs are frequent licking, profuse salivation, and sometimes smacking. Nausea in an animal does not always end with vomiting.
When the dog vomits, the animal stretches its neck and lowers its head down, there is a rhythmic contraction of the abdominal muscles and diaphragm, after which the animal regurgitates the contents of the stomach, if the stomach is empty, vomiting of foam with bile can be observed in dogs. Separately, it is worth mentioning such a physiological condition as belching or regurgitation in dogs. Regurgitation differs from vomiting in that it occurs without the involvement of the abdominal muscles and diaphragm in the process.
Pathological and physiological vomiting in dogs
Vomiting is one of the defense mechanisms aimed at cleansing the body of an animal from potentially poor quality and dangerous food that could be eaten by it by mistake. In addition, females feed the puppies with chewed and semi-digested food by regurgitating it, and vomiting occurs when the stomach is overfilled with food, which in general can be attributed to non-pathological vomiting, such vomiting occurs in healthy animals and does not imply diseases of internal organs.
Vomiting that occurs in dogs against a background of systemic diseases can be called pathological. When vomiting in an animal is pathological, then it, most often, does not protect the animal from the disease, but only aggravates its course. That is why pathological vomiting requires compulsory treatment. Vomiting in dogs can lead to severe dehydration and disruption of water and electrolyte balance, which in itself, without proper treatment, can lead to death of the animal from dehydration. In addition, with constant vomiting, an animal cannot normally consume and assimilate food nutrients, which leads to a quick depletion of the body’s energy reserves and inevitably reduces the likelihood of a successful outcome of the disease, vomiting in a puppy is especially dangerous.
Vomiting in a dog: causes and treatment
Vomiting in a dog is not an independent disease, but only a symptom indicating the presence of one or another health problem in the dog. What causes vomiting? The dog vomits because, for one reason or another, the vomiting center of the brain is irritated and as a result. reflex emptying of stomach contents. The triggering of reflex gagging in dogs occurs due to the stimulation of multiple receptors in the gastrointestinal tract, peritoneum, vestibular apparatus and many other organs and tissues of the animal.
Preventing vomiting in dogs
Prevention of vomiting in dogs consists in proper feeding and maintenance of the animal. To prevent the occurrence of vomiting, the following measures are necessary:
- Balanced and regular feeding of the dog.
- Vaccinating the dog.
- Deworming. Give dog worm pills regularly.
- Elimination of absorption of foreign objects by animals.
- Medical examination of dogs (diseases of dogs detected during a preventive examination are better treatable than chronic ones).
If your dog is vomiting, then it is necessary to find out its causes and to carry out the correct treatment. Specialists of the veterinary city polyclinic “VetState” will conduct a full examination of your animal and prescribe the necessary treatment 7 days a week, 365 days a year, without holidays and days off.
We are glad to see you around the clock. For more detailed information, you can contact by multichannel phone
Vomiting, diarrhea, fever in the dog
Vomiting in a dog, combined with an upset stomach, indicates poisoning or an acute infection. If, against the background of these symptoms, lethargy, refusal of food, temperature is observed, it is necessary to urgently consult a veterinarian (for a table of the main diseases of dogs, vomiting and diarrhea in which are typical, look on our website in the article “Diarrhea in a dog: symptoms, causes, treatment”).
If the dog has vomiting and the temperature is increased or decreased, there is reason to suspect an acute infectious disease, first of all. leptospirosis, the intestinal form of canine plague, parvovirus enteritis. All these diseases are characterized by high mortality, especially among puppies, so it is necessary to bring the dog to the doctor as soon as possible in order to establish an accurate diagnosis and start treatment.
Vomiting due to foreign bodies in the throat, esophagus, or intestines
If your dog vomits and is unable to go to the toilet properly “in a big way,” this may be a symptom of intestinal obstruction. Often small toys, stones, bones, etc. eaten by the dog get stuck in the intestine. As a rule, this does not “dissolve” by itself, the dog begins to lose weight and frequent vomiting (many owners state that with obstruction, the dog constantly vomits). If you suspect that the dog has swallowed an object, it is better to establish this as early as possible, since the obstruction often requires surgery, and it will be more difficult for a weakened dog to endure it. Another dangerous symptom is a visible urge to vomit in a dog, but the actual release of vomit does not occur. If, against the background of such attempts, there is a rapid swelling of the abdominal cavity, it is necessary to immediately deliver the dog to the veterinary hospital. Vomiting combined with a cough or cough and urge to vomit is often caused by a wound or foreign body in the throat or mouth. In this case, you should also immediately take the dog to the doctor.
Why does the dog vomit?
Most often, vomiting occurs as a protective reaction of the body, aimed at getting rid of various kinds of toxic substances. The most common causes of vomiting in dogs are:
-poisoning with poison or poor quality food;
-parasitic infections (piroplasmosis, etc.);
-individual intolerance to certain products.
If the dog vomits. what to do before the doctor comes
First of all, it is unacceptable to scold the dog if it stained the floors or carpet with vomit: firstly, it cannot contain the vomiting urge, and secondly, toxins are excreted from the body with vomit, so do not try to stop the vomiting in the dog. If a muzzle or a tight collar is worn, at the first urge to vomit, they must be removed immediately so that the dog does not swell with vomit.
The first thing to do if a dog vomits is to analyze the symptoms (the more detailed the information you give the veterinarian, the easier it will be for him to understand what treatment is required). As mentioned above, vomiting itself is not a disease. it is only a symptom of some kind of malfunction in the body. In order to assess how serious this failure is, veterinarians recommend paying attention to a number of factors, on the basis of which it is possible to more accurately determine why the dog is vomiting:
1) The nature of vomiting (frequent, rare, on an empty stomach, after eating, etc.).
2) Type of vomit: color, consistency, presence of blood, undigested food, bones, foreign bodies, worms and other parasites in the vomit.
3) Side effects of vomiting: general condition of the dog (vigorous or sluggish), appetite (normal, increased or refusal to feed), thirst or refusal to drink, fever, diarrhea, constipation, cough, nasal and eye discharge, bloating, pain, cramps, etc.
4) Everything that happened to the dog over the past 2-3 days: eating garbage while walking, a sharp change in diet, the time of the last meal, communication with sick / stray animals or unfriendly people who could give a poisoned treat, contact with harmful chemicals connections (for example, if you have a repair), etc.
Particular attention should be paid to such side symptoms as diarrhea, apathy, decreased or lack of appetite, low or high temperature. in combination with vomiting in a dog, they indicate diseases that require urgent veterinary care.
Important! Regardless of the reasons for a prolonged course and especially if the dog has indomitable vomiting, it is necessary to prevent dehydration (dehydration) of the body. To do this, you need to provide the dog with free access to water, and if she refuses to drink, pour water forcibly through the mouth using a syringe without a needle.
Dog vomiting: treating the real cause
Often, the owner, seeing that the dog is vomiting, makes the erroneous conclusion that it is necessary to treat the vomiting itself. That is why on dog forums and veterinary portals every day there are questions “how to treat vomiting in dogs”, “what to give to a dog when vomiting” or even “how to stop vomiting in a dog”. Meanwhile, independently “treating vomiting” without determining what exactly caused it is not only meaningless, but also dangerous. without a diagnosis, this can lead to a deterioration in the animal’s condition. In most cases, only a veterinarian can determine the real cause of vomiting in a dog, but the owner of the dog can greatly facilitate his work.
Vomiting and foul odor from the dog’s mouth
There are a number of serious diseases that cause vomiting, and they can be diagnosed by the appearance of the characteristic odor from the mouth of the animal:
-the dog’s mouth smells like ammonia or urine. kidney failure is possible;
-a sweet smell or smell of acetone may indicate diabetes in the dog;
-the smell of rot from the dog’s mouth indicates intestinal problems or gum and dental disease.
Vomiting in a dog as a symptom of gastrointestinal diseases
Vomiting in a dog after eating or on an empty stomach in the morning is most often associated with the presence of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, such as gastritis. But if the dog vomits 5-6 hours after eating, a neoplasm or a foreign body in the stomach is possible: to establish the exact cause of vomiting, a gastroscopy procedure is required. Diseases such as acute pancreatitis, acute cholecystitis, or hepatic colic usually cause debilitating (prolonged) vomiting. Also, morning vomiting of yellow or white foam can be a symptom of pancreatitis or indigestion.
If your dog is vomiting blood
Bloody vomiting in dogs occurs due to gastric bleeding (massive hemorrhage from the vessels of the stomach). This is a very dangerous symptom that requires an immediate visit to a veterinary hospital. The cause of bloody vomiting can be both mechanical damage to the gastric mucosa by a bone or foreign body, and infectious diseases (parvovirus enteritis, leptospirosis, infectious hepatitis). Also, the reason that the dog vomits blood may be poisoning (heavy metals, poison for rats and mice, aspirin and other analgesics), hypoadrenocorticism, in some cases. tumor decay. Contrary to popular belief, bloody vomiting is not always bright red, scarlet in color: if the bleeding is not profuse, or vomiting occurs some time after it, the vomit is usually red-brown, coffee-colored. Sometimes the owner thinks that the dog is vomiting black. but more often it is also bloody vomit.
Chronic vomiting of blood in a dog that occurs at regular intervals may indicate a stomach ulcer. This condition usually results from trauma to the stomach with a sharp object or from improper diet. A characteristic feature is the alternation of periods of exacerbation (when the ulcer opens) and rest (after the ulcer is scarred). If periodically, in addition to vomiting with blood (or with blood and mucus), the dog simultaneously has lethargy, refusal of food, belching. it makes sense to do an examination to identify an ulcer.
When vomiting is not dangerous?
- Eating grass. Sometimes dogs on a walk eat grass and, after a while, they vomit with the same grass with a foam of light yellow or almost white color. If this is repeated several times a month, there is no cause for concern. If the dog eats grass and vomits every walk, the owner should adjust the pet’s nutrition and pay attention to the general condition of the pet. The dog may be lacking in fiber and by adding vegetables to the diet will stop eating grass.
- Physiological vomiting sometimes occurs in lactating bitches when the crushed and digested mass serves as food for the puppy.
- Overeating. Vomiting also helps to clear the emptying of the stomach after overloading (overeating).
Possible causes of vomiting in a dog
The reasons for the development of vomiting in the pathology of the gastrointestinal tract
Treating vomiting in a dog
When a dog vomits, the owner should carefully monitor the condition of his pet and examine the vomit each time.
What vomit looks like?
Vomit has typical signs. the food is partially digested, with a sour odor and sometimes there are streaks of blood, bile, and in rare cases. feces. Young dogs vomit white foam, in which roundworms (worms) are visible.
Regurgitated feed mostly undigested, sausage-like, foamy and mucus.
When vomiting is a serious symptom?
Uncontrolled, spontaneous, prolonged vomiting is useless and has serious consequences for the dog, such as decreased fluid levels, gastric juice, loss of appetite, dehydration.
If the owner notices vomiting or urging in the dog, he should pay attention to:
- the duration, time of vomiting, the amount and type of vomit (food and liquid, only liquid, odorless, with a sour odor);
- appearance of vomit:
- color (for example, red from admixture of blood during gastric bleeding or as a result of stagnation of blood), as well as impurities of bile;
- sometimes the presence of worms or foreign objects (waste) is noted;
Why is vomiting dangerous??
Prolonged vomiting, especially with diarrhea, can dehydrate your dog. This is a pathological process in which such phenomena as blood clotting, degenerative changes in tissues, and intoxication of the body develop. With dehydration, dryness of the mucous membranes, skin and scalp is noted.
With acute vomiting with suspected intestinal obstruction (when the dog vomits immediately after eating or drinking), intestinal necrosis may begin after a few hours, leading to the death of the animal. In this case, you must immediately contact the veterinary clinic, where an X-ray examination of the abdominal cavity will be performed.
Vomiting due to abnormalities in the gastrointestinal tract
The following causes in the gastrointestinal tract can cause vomiting:
- indigestible food, inflammation, blockages, especially in the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract (for example, foreign bodies). If the animal regurgitates food immediately after eating, suspect its indigestibility or intestinal blockage by a foreign body. If the dog vomits completely or partially undigested food 8-10 hours after eating, when the stomach should be empty, it may be due to constipation;
- digested food with bile impurities speaks of a process in the small intestine and at the same time a violation of the emptying process;
- impurities of blood (fresh or changed like coffee grounds) in the vomit, as well as tarry stools. an alarm signal of hemorrhages in the gastrointestinal tract.
The owner must inform the veterinarian of any symptoms he is seeing. It is necessary to remember whether your pet was ill with at least some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, and also whether he has eaten something “wrong” lately (chicken bones, for example). It is very important to remember exactly when vomiting appeared, and after what exactly it happened.
Your veterinarian will perform a complete examination of your pet. A complete analysis of blood and urine is required, since the data obtained during this help identify severe diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
As a rule, vomiting often accompanies many infectious diseases, which are quite accurately determined during the above analyzes. If nothing can be reliably determined, the veterinarian resorts to X-ray and ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity of the sick animal. It is important to note that before the X-ray examination, it is imperative to feed the dog with barium gruel: it is so easy to identify cases of blockage of the gastrointestinal tract, volvulus, atony of the gastrointestinal tract, etc. In addition, gastroendoscopy is indicated.
What is bile?
It is an essential endogenous secret for improving fat digestion. It is synthesized in the liver, and the gallbladder is intended for its accumulation. After eating, it enters the thin section of the gastrointestinal tract (through the bile ducts), contributing to the emulsification of lipids and their subsequent assimilation by the body.
Thus, vomiting of bile in dogs occurs when this secretion enters the stomach from the intestines, causing irritation and provoking the manifestation of the gag reflex. How to determine its presence in the contents of the stomach? It becomes greenish-yellowish. By the way, vomiting in this case is a very good option. Sometimes there is a situation when the dog does not develop a gag reflex, as a result of which bile remains in the organ cavity. All this can easily lead not only to an ulcer, but even to perforation of the stomach. Bile is an aggressive secret.
Vomiting is common in the early morning or late evening. The latter is especially true for those dogs that receive their rations only once a day. In addition, this can happen in any cases when the intervals between meals are too long, or in case of stomach diseases that cause the atony of the latter.
The latter is especially common in older dogs, but similar cases are not uncommon even in puppies. Dogs of all breeds are ill, no gender predisposition has been identified.
Symptoms and types
In general, it is not necessary to deal with the symptoms for a long time: if the dog vomits bile in the morning and evening, then the clinical signs are already there. But to make it easier for the veterinarian to establish what exactly caused this pathology, the owners need to pay attention to the following:
- Chronic intermittent vomiting containing bile.
- As we said, it happens in the morning or late in the evening / night. At the same time, the dog refuses to eat.
- Gastrointestinal discomfort, which manifests itself in inappropriate behavior of the dog: it whines, growls, may even howl in pain.
- Nausea: the dog strains from time to time, looks “somewhere into the distance”, while the animal grunts, due to specific movements it seems that it is about to vomit.
- Diarrhea is very common due to a serious violation of the digestive process.
- Since in severe cases the dog does not eat anything, it quickly develops symptoms of exhaustion: weight loss, retraction of the eyes, pallor of all visible mucous membranes. The coat becomes thin and brittle.
What are the causes of this pathology? They are quite varied:
- A strong degree of helminthic invasion. Parasites release so many toxins that vomiting is not surprising. this is the body’s natural reaction to poisoning. If your dog vomits bile every day, his stomach is constantly swollen with general signs of exhaustion (protruding ribs, emaciation), then you need to urgently show it to the veterinarian.
- Diseases that cause gastritis or inflammation of the intestines that impair the motility of the digestive tract. For example, if a dog vomits bile with blood, this may well be a sign of cancer in the small intestine.
- Some dogs vomit when given food or water on an empty stomach. As a rule, such a phenomenon does not pose a health hazard, but the animal should be transferred to such a feeding regime when food is given often, but in small portions.
- Do not forget about the “banal” cases of poisoning. By the way, if a dog vomits bile with white foam, this may just indicate that the pet is using something toxic, up to household chemicals.
- Finally, dogs also suffer from gastritis and stomach ulcers. A person who has acute gastritis can also vomit from a glass of water drunk on an empty stomach.
Important! If you notice a pet “passion” for eating grass (and after that the animal is guaranteed to vomit), then know that in this way he gets rid of the “garbage” accumulated in the stomach. It won’t hurt to take him to the vet.
Dog vomits bile: causes, symptoms, treatment
Vomiting in dogs is not at all a sign of a deadly disease, as many people think. In these animals (like in cats), the gag reflex is well developed. This is largely due to the nature of the diet of the dogs. By their nature, they are predators that do not disdain carrion. If the animal has eaten something very “fragrant”, defense mechanisms are activated, expressed in vomiting. In short, this is a normal physiological reflex.
But this is not always the case. When a dog is vomiting bile, it is always a good reason to visit a veterinary clinic.
In the event that the root cause has not been determined, the specialist will carry out symptomatic treatment. If the matter is in hyperacid gastritis, drugs are prescribed to lower the acidity level. Medicines are also prescribed to relieve spasms of smooth muscles. At first, the dog may be shown drugs like ordinary activated charcoal or Smecta, which minimize damage to the mucous membrane of the organ by the bile coming from the small intestine.
In most cases, dogs respond well to treatment. It is only important to remember that your pet will need a long enough therapy, which does not need to be interrupted. Only the veterinarian should decide on the duration of the course of treatment. Note that in many cases, vomiting in dogs is due to the fact that they are given a very large amount of food once on an empty stomach. It is because of this that many experienced breeders strongly discourage feeding working dogs once a day.
This is especially harmful in the case of intensively exploited dogs: if the animal is fed a nutritious or fatty food after a hard day during which it has not received food, the release of bile can lead to serious damage to the digestive system or even death (cholemia).
Important! The same is true for extremely emaciated dogs. If you picked up a dog on the street, from which “skin and bones” remained, in no case do not feed it immediately “for slaughter”. Broth is the best food for her.
In addition, the physiology of dogs, in principle, is such that with a prolonged absence of food pieces in the stomach, the development of gastrointestinal atony is possible. Let us remind you once again that in cases when your pet vomits in the morning, after drinking or taking a small amount of food, it is better to transfer the dog to multiple feedings. At the same time, food should contain as much dietary fiber as possible, fat should be reduced to a physiologically necessary level.
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Do not feed your pet bones under any circumstances, as their remains tend to accumulate in the stomach. They irritate the mucous membrane of the organ, promote the release of bile (receptors send a signal to the brain that food has been received). In this case, “technically” there is food in the cavity of the organ, but in fact the bile will eat away at the uncovered mucous membrane and cause vomiting. A year or two, and the pet is provided with an ulcer.
Finally, there are currently many special canned foods on the market for dogs prone to regurgitation. We recommend that you consult with your veterinarian before using them. Here’s what to do in cases of vomiting.