home Dogs The dog eats well but is very thin

The dog eats well but is very thin

Helminthic invasions

Worms are frequent guests of the canine organism, which eat what is intended for the normal functioning of the organs and systems of the animal. In this case, the dog eats with an increased appetite, but important substances are provided not by it, but by its “neighbors”.

There is a schedule for deworming dogs, according to which pets are given anthelmintic drugs, usually this event is performed every 3-4 months. If you follow it, then the helminths that have entered the body will not have time to actively multiply and cause serious harm.

If the owner forgets about the procedure or ignores it altogether, the worms can spread throughout all systems, consuming vital components before they are digested and absorbed into the intestines. Some of the worms can seriously damage the tissues of the liver, lungs, heart and even the brain. And if this happened, serious changes can be expected, including metabolic disturbances.

In such a situation, the pet dramatically loses weight, lacks vitamin components and microelements, and organ failure develops. Such conditions often lead to irreversible consequences and death of the dog.

eats, very, thin

Contacting a veterinarian will help save the pet’s life, but the consequences of helminthic invasion can further cause various complications and periodically remind of themselves. So it is better to take care of prevention, this will not be able to 100% protect the dog from worms, but will reduce the likelihood of their comfortable stay in the pet’s body.

Why does a dog lose weight quickly

What should the owner look for first if his dog is eating but losing weight? First of all, you need to look into his mouth, assess the condition of the teeth, tissues of the palate, pharynx, gums. If their color has not changed, there is no plaque and inflamed areas, you can proceed to the examination and palpation of the peritoneum.

Unintentional weight loss can be associated with a number of pathological conditions.

Dog’s weight is normal

How can you tell if a dog weighs as much as you need? Of course, you can look into the standard and find out the parameters of representatives of a certain breed. But you should take into account the height and sex of the animal, since the mass located on the upper border will not be normal if the height of the pet is located on the lower one. In addition, many pets do not have a breed, being mestizo or mongrels. In this case, there are no data and tables. everything is strictly individual.

In a dog of normal build, the ribs, bones of the croup and moslaki. the heads of the hip joints should be felt. On visual inspection, protruding bones are a sign of excessive thinness. However, it should be borne in mind that there are a number of breeds that are naturally thin. Even eating well, Saluki, Great Dane, Greyhounds, Italian Greyhounds and others remain slim and lean. And this is considered normal. There are also dogs of the same breed, but with a different build, for example, there are shepherd dogs that are tightly knocked down, and there are, “dry”.

Of course, it is easier for owners of a short-haired pet to notice that the ward has become thinner. Whereas long-haired individuals retain their appearance for a long time, regardless of body weight. But if weight loss is associated with a pathological process, then the animal will necessarily show accompanying signs:

  • deterioration in the quality of wool. it loses its shine, becomes faded, dry, thinned, can fall out profusely;
  • change in behavior. the pet is lethargic, irritable, does not show interest in others, is more often in a lying position, does not participate in games, and even the call to take a walk does not cause him positive emotions;
  • vomiting, diarrhea occurs;
  • increase or decrease in body temperature;
  • tremor;
  • breathing disorder.

Viral infections

Viruses are very dangerous for dogs, regardless of the age and breed of the animal. The risk group includes puppies and old dogs. Any viral pathogen can cause a sharp decrease in body weight, but vaccination can protect against some of them:

  • rabies. the disease is dangerous for humans, but for a dog it is fatal;
  • plague of carnivores. it is cured only at an early stage of development;
  • enteritis. even a vaccination will not protect a pet 100%, but it will help to avoid acute manifestations of the disease;
  • adenovirus. rarely detected, requires serious, long-term treatment;
  • leptospirosis. the disease is dangerous for people, treatable, rarely diagnosed;
  • piroplasmosis. with the help of a vaccine, it is possible to avoid acute manifestations of the disease.

Postoperative recovery

Any surgical intervention, even minimally invasive, is stressful for the animal’s body, and weight loss during this period is considered normal. But, of course, we are not talking about critical weight loss, when only “skin and bones” remain from a well-fed pet.

Unfortunately, four-legged friends tolerate anesthesia worse than humans. This even applies to physically strong, young animals, but they have enough internal reserves to recover. Much depends on how difficult the operation turned out to be, and during this period it is important that a specialist supervises the pet.

If the dog is losing weight more than it should be, an experienced doctor will definitely pay attention to this fact. If he does not consider this sign dangerous, it is worth consulting with another veterinarian.

Allergic reactions

Food allergies are another reason why your dog eats and loses weight. With this pathology, the animal’s body begins to function in an emergency mode, which leads to increased energy consumption and a decrease in body weight.

This condition is accompanied by certain signs: the dog begins to actively itch, the flow from the eyes and nose increases, and appetite worsens. Irritated areas may appear on the skin, and hair may fall out in places.

If during the initial examination it was not possible to detect parasites that can cause similar symptoms, an antihistamine should be given to the pet. If the signs have subsided, then it’s still an allergy.

Watch the video why the dog is thin and eats a lot

Ears or teeth hurt

If the dog is worried about toothache or ear pain, he refuses to eat. In such cases, you can identify the problem by pressing on the base of the auricles. the pet’s sharp reaction will confirm that it is here that the inflammation is localized. It is important to immediately seek help from your veterinarian.

Why the dog is losing weight?

If the dog is losing weight and at the same time eats well and a lot, you need to immediately begin to understand why this is happening.

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It is quite easy to determine how well-fed a dog is. Her ribs and hips (hip joint) should not be visible through the skin, but should be easily felt. In some breeds, thinness is a breed characteristic, such as toy terriers and greyhounds.

However, every attentive owner can notice when his dog suddenly began to lose weight. This can be a very alarming sign of serious illness, therefore, you should treat it carefully.

Dog Weight Loss Reasons

Lack of variety in food may be among the “mild” reasons. The reason may be a dry food poor in the components needed by the body or a lack of vitamins in natural food. When feeding your dog dry food, you should always have access to clean water.

Lack of water can lead to regurgitation of food, development of constipation, exhaustion. Natural food can simply go bad, especially in summer, and therefore the dog may refuse it. And in general, in the summer heat, dogs’ appetite decreases. Nausea and subsequent loss of appetite may be a side effect of certain medications.

If the dog is losing weight not as a result of a clear refusal to eat, but looks quite active, this may indicate problems in the animal’s mouth. damage to the palate, teeth, throat. In addition, the dog could swallow some inedible object. Refusal to eat and subsequent exhaustion can also indicate diseases of the gastrointestinal tract:

  • acute gastroenteritis,
  • gastritis,
  • stomach ulcer.

With such diseases, the animal has other symptoms:

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  • lethargy,
  • increased body temperature,
  • vomiting,
  • diarrhea,
  • yellowness of the mucous membranes.

Trembling, shortness of breath, decreased physical activity, breathing, irritability, hunched back, drowsiness indicate that the dog is in pain. Decreased interest in food in a dog can also provoke ear infections, which make it difficult for the animal to chew, especially dry granules.

Often these infections are accompanied by allergic reactions to food or other allergens. Appetite is severely impaired in dogs with cancer, as well as those undergoing chemotherapy.

What to do if your dog is losing weight?

If the dog does not receive enough minerals and vitamins from food, it is necessary to either change the food to a more saturated one, or add special mineral complexes for dogs to it. A bowl of water should always be available. Natural food should always be prepared fresh, and when buying dry food, check its expiration date.

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If the dog’s appetite has disappeared after drug treatment, you need to contact the treating veterinarian with a proposal to replace the medicine. The mouth of the animal should be inspected for damage.

If, in addition to a lack of appetite, the dog has other signs of the disease: lethargy, drowsiness, vomiting, fever, the dog does not find a place for itself and whines in pain, you should contact your veterinarian as soon as possible and get tested for diagnosis.

With a timely visit to a doctor, treatment gives good results and can be limited only by diet, pain relievers and taking vitamins.

Help and advice for unreasonable weight loss

Most often, a dog loses weight precisely because of serious disturbances in the diet. Even if it seems to you that you are feeding the dog according to all the rules of a healthy diet, carefully check the recommendations for feeding the pet below. it is possible that you yourself, without noticing it, provoke disturbances in the dog’s body.

The dog loses much weight for no reason

Despite the fact that most dog owners believe that only being overweight can cause health problems for a pet, a sharp decrease in the animal’s weight is also a very alarming signal. If the dog is losing weight quickly and for no reason, this may indicate various diseases, serious disorders in the body, or an unbalanced diet. In any case, it is definitely not worth ignoring this symptom, since the detection of problems in the early stages almost always guarantees a speedy recovery of the animal.

Possible Causes of Dog Weight Loss

If the dog is losing weight dramatically and seemingly for no reason, the owners of the animal should think about the possible causes of this symptom. Often, weight loss becomes one of the most noticeable clinical signs of a number of diseases, disorders in the diet or the functioning of the body as a whole. Loss of appetite can be triggered by the following factors and diseases:

  • Digestive problems caused by a balanced diet. As a result, the dog may develop diarrhea or, conversely, constipation. Such problems can be caused by diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, among the most common are stomach ulcers and various types of gastritis, colitis, pankeratitis and others. You can deal with such negative dynamics by including various trace elements in the pet’s diet (these and other nuances of proper feeding of the animal are described in more detail below).
  • Helminthic invasion. The ingestion of various types of helminths into the animal’s body can also cause dramatic weight loss, even with a normal diet.
  • Complete or partial refusal to eat. This behavior of a pet can be dictated by a number of reasons. If your dog hasn’t eaten for one or more days, don’t worry. But if such a voluntary hunger strike lasts long enough, you should immediately take the dog to the veterinarian.
  • Postoperative period. Unfortunately, it is not uncommon for a dog to lose weight after surgery. In such a situation, you should check with a specialist whether such a dynamics is normal, or it still indicates that something went wrong as planned.
  • Damage to the oral cavity. If the animal refuses to eat or eats it reluctantly or cautiously, but does not look lethargic or lethargic, the dog’s mouth should be examined for throat wounds, damage to the teeth or palate.
  • Ear infections that make chewing very difficult.
  • Cancer and chemotherapy.
  • Viral diseases, such as those caused by type I and type II adenovirus (hepatitis and adenovirus, respectively).
  • Food allergies, as well as allergic reactions to certain elements of the environment.
  • Chumka. a very dangerous disease for dogs.

Common signs that your dog is losing weight

Usually, dog owners can easily notice that the pet is losing weight noticeably. However, if you do not want to “run” the problem and want to know by what signs you can determine even a slight decrease in weight, you should remember that:

  • if the dog is in normal physical shape, its ribs are palpable, but not visible through the skin;
  • the pelvic bones should also not protrude, if they are noticeable even with inattentive examination, this is an extremely alarming signal;
  • weight loss is usually accompanied by dull hair and, in some cases, partial hair loss;
  • while losing weight, the dog may become less energetic, lethargic and apathetic.

In some cases, a sharp decrease in weight may be accompanied by frequent vomiting, fever, tremors, shortness of breath, and increased drowsiness. There may also be abnormal irritability in the dog.

Basic rules and mistakes in feeding pets

Perhaps the most important rule of healthy dog ​​nutrition implies that the amount of food consumed by an animal should be in direct proportion to its activity and the amount of physical activity. Accordingly, if the dog moves a lot during the day, the amount of food should be increased, and the animal, which prefers sleep and rest to active pastime, should receive slightly less food.

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In addition, you should definitely pay attention to the behavior of the dog after it finishes lunch. Usually, after eating, the pet leaves the feeding place without unnecessary emotions. But if the animal with all its appearance demonstrates that there is not enough food for it, moves the bowl and carefully licks it, an additional portion should be allocated to it. Of course, there are cases of so-called pathological greed in animals, when the owner should ignore this behavior in order to avoid obesity. However, this is quite rare.

Also, dog owners often ignore perhaps the most important rule: in order to avoid problems with the gastrointestinal tract, it is imperative to feed the dog several times, usually twice a day. The animal’s bowl should be removed 20 minutes after filling. In this case, it does not matter at all whether all the food is eaten or not. If you prefer to feed your dog special dry food, make sure that the required amount of water is constantly standing next to the bowl.

Unfortunately, not all dog owners pay enough attention to the amount of minerals in the pet’s diet, while the products on the menu should contain calcium, glycerophosphate, bone meal and other equally important mineral elements. However, you should not rush to extremes: if the owner overdoes it with minerals, this can lead to increased bone fragility and, as a result, to a high probability of fractures. Such an overdose is especially dangerous for young dogs. In middle-aged dogs, the excess of these substances can simply be washed away. That is why the dosage of minerals in the diet should be discussed with a specialist.

In addition, dogs suffer from total or partial intolerance to a number of foods, including:

  • foods high in sugar, such as cakes, sweets;
  • salt, whose amount in food should be limited as much as possible;
  • certain types of meat, namely pork and lamb;
  • milk (despite the usefulness of this product, many dogs suffer from a low susceptibility to lactose, which in large quantities is useful only for puppies);
  • spices and flavors contained in baked goods can even lead to fainting of the animal.

There is also a lot of controversy about whether to feed dogs raw food. The answer is quite simple. the animal should eat raw meat, fish and vegetables from time to time. To avoid contamination of the animal with helminths and bacteria, the product can be doused with boiling water. It is very important for middle-aged dogs to get the bone as often as possible. However, the number of such snacks should not exceed once a day. Otherwise, bones become a direct route to gastrointestinal disorders. If you feed the animal with various vegetable salads, add butter or sour cream to them. This will allow the body to better absorb vitamins.

Thus, if your dog is losing weight for no reason, make sure you follow all of the above guidelines and rules.

As mentioned earlier, the animal’s appetite can be significantly reduced due to surgery or drug therapy. In such a case, it is better to consult a doctor and, if necessary, replace the drugs used.

Before contacting the veterinarian with complaints that the dog is losing weight, it is worth checking the pet’s oral cavity for various wounds and injuries. If they are absent, the possibility of preventive deworming should be discussed with the veterinarian.

Dog owners should remember that even such a “harmless” symptom as weight loss in a dog can lead to more than serious consequences. If the loss of appetite is accompanied by a number of other clinical signs, including vomiting, fever, fussiness and pain, the alarm should be beaten immediately. Remember, only a specialist can accurately diagnose the disease during a personal examination of a sick animal. Self-acting on the part of dog owners can only aggravate the situation.

If the owners of the animal decide to contact the veterinarian in time, there is a high probability that the treatment will be successful and will not involve any serious measures. In such cases, a special diet, vitamins and pain relievers are usually prescribed.

In custody

It is important for any dog ​​breeder to remember that gradual or sudden weight loss is a clear sign of problems in the dog’s body. Therefore, it is important to suppress such a symptom in time in order to avoid serious violations leading to the development of severe pathologies.

Why is the dog thin? This question is asked by many pet owners, worried about the appearance of the pet. If the pet, despite proper nutrition, loses weight, it is necessary to understand the reasons for what is happening. It is not at all necessary to immediately run to the veterinary clinic, but you should try to study this issue as soon as possible.

If you just do nothing and leave everything as it is, the consequences can be the most unpredictable. The thin dog looks pitiful. It immediately seems that she is poorly looked after, although this impression does not always correspond to reality.

Oral trauma

Sometimes the reason a dog is losing weight is not a feeding problem, but trauma in the mouth, gums, or throat. Therefore, the dog can deliberately refuse to eat. This fact should be checked. One of the reasons may be an inedible item that he ate and is now suffering from pain. In this case, additional symptoms are present, such as constant whining, loss of activity and, as a result, weight loss.

The presence of infectious diseases is also one of the reasons for losing weight. over, in addition to refusing to eat, there are other signs of the disease: fever, diarrhea, vomiting, there is a slight yellowness of the mucous membranes, loss of strength, lethargy.
Perhaps the pet is in pain, so he refuses to eat, gradually losing weight. This reason is supported by additional symptoms:

  • shortness of breath;
  • increased irritability, the once affectionate dog may growl or try to bite the owner, especially if he touches a sore spot;
  • hunched back, due to pain, the gait of the animal may change;
  • the dog ceases to lead an active lifestyle, as it was before, preferring to lie down.

An ear infection may be the cause of loss of interest in food. Because, when chewing, severe pain is experienced, especially if dry food is the main food.
Sometimes the presence of any infections can provoke allergies to certain components in the dog’s food.

Loss of appetite is often a sign of cancer. In some cases, surgery is the reason for the dramatic weight loss. Therefore, it is important to consult a doctor. Any surgical intervention is stress for the body. The doctor will tell you if the weight loss was the usual dynamics of the postoperative period.

If your dog is losing weight, but eats well, and there are no outward signs of digestive problems, you may have increased your physical activity while maintaining the old diet. It is important to know that in winter you should increase the amount of food in the animal, since in the cold season, calorie consumption increases.

You can check if your pet’s weight is normal by regularly weighing the dog. There are also special tables showing the normal weight for different breeds of dogs.
If you notice the first signs of an irregularity in the animal’s weight, you should seek advice as soon as possible. If there are no obvious signs of serious pathologies, then as a treatment you will only need to drink a vitamin complex.

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Viral diseases

We are talking about such serious diseases as hepatitis and adenovirosis, which are always accompanied by changes in body weight. As a rule, such ailments require extensive treatment. Against the background of severe intoxication of the body, the pet can significantly lose weight. For this reason, it is recommended that you always seek help from a veterinary clinic. Viral diseases are life-threatening for the animal. They cannot be neglected or pretended that nothing is happening. The owner must mobilize his strength as much as possible and help the pet to recover to the required level.

Causes

A very thin dog attracts the attention of people around him. Some individuals, not understanding the situation, immediately begin to blame the owner for not monitoring the health of his pet. It is important to find out the reasons why the dog is thin. Only after dealing with them, it will be possible to completely solve the problem. Several options are possible here. Let’s consider them in more detail.

Veterinary examination

It is necessary in order to exclude any pathology in the body. A complete veterinary check-up is not very cheap. But it allows you to understand the state of your pet’s health.

If it was noticed that the dog is losing weight for no good reason, you need to carry out a full diagnosis. Only in this case it will be possible to understand the situation. It is impossible to determine anything without examination. Old animals lose weight, despite proper care and timely intake of special supplements. Dogs are very sensitive to various changes in their health. The more attention is paid to them, the better.

Features of the breed

In some cases, lack of weight does not indicate a pathology in the body, but the normal state of the animal. Tall, thin dogs can have enviable health. A person who understands these issues will certainly be able to tell the difference. It is worth remembering that some dog breeds naturally have a lightweight exterior.

These include: Greyhound, Dalmatian, Chinese Crested, Great Dane, Italian Greyhound. These animals are never well-fed, no matter how they are fed. Their elegance looks quite graceful. Only in this case can a long, thin dog look beautiful. Owners of these breeds should not force-feed their pets.

Proper nutrition

It is known that the dog cannot be fed with food from the table. However, many careless owners still cannot learn this rule. Proper nutrition is the key to the health and longevity of a four-legged pet. No matter how busy you are with your daily activities, you must definitely find time to choose a complete high-quality food for your little friend. There are many options on the market today that you can focus on. If you do not want to buy professional food, then prepare specially for the dog. You need to find time for this, even sacrificing your own rest and entertainment. Food should be of high quality, as for itself. There is no need to save money on the dog, this is a big misconception. Subsequently, pet treatment will cost much more.

What to do. the dog eats a lot, but is thin?

A very common problem is that the dog is fed a lot, but she is thin.

Let’s figure out what the reasons may be and how to eliminate them.

When they tell me that the dog is fed a lot, and she is thin, the first thing I ask to do is to check the dog in the veterinary clinic. You should be tested for AST, ALT and alpha-amylase. this is a biochemical blood test that shows the state of the liver and pancreas.

In parallel, it is worth evaluating the rest of the indicators to see if everything is normal, whether the kidneys are working normally, whether all organs are working normally. If all is well with the basic analyzes, we move on. We pass a clinical blood test to identify possible inflammation. Inflammation may not appear in any way, but the dog is ill, uncomfortable and losing weight. If there are any other malfunctions in the circulatory system, they will be identified during the study.

Next, be sure to hand over the feces for tests. Firstly, for worms, and secondly, for protozoa. We rent it several times, because it happens that in one faction of feces there are worms, and in the other not. In case of detection of worms, we can give the dog a worm. Analysis for protozoa is recommended. It often happens that the dog previously had dysbiosis, after which the protozoa settled in the intestine and because of this, the dog physically cannot recover, since the good bacteria necessary for normal digestion do not function normally in the intestine.

The second reason may be improper nutrition. You should pay attention to what the dog eats and in what quantities. You can try switching to a higher grade feed or giving a little more feed. Many people make a huge mistake. they feed by dosage. But in fact, the dosage is an approximate moment. For example, my dog ​​shorthaired pointer weighs 30 kg, in active time, i.e. in summer, when there is a lot of movement, when the dog is active, cheerful, jumping, running, I can give the dog 400-500 grams per day instead of 300 grams, because it spends a lot of energy or switch to more energetic food.

And if my dog ​​is calm and balanced, or it is winter and she sits at home, on the contrary, I will give the dog 200 grams of food and she will not get fat and thin with me, because her energy consumption is small. You should always, when you look at your dog, be aware of the dog’s energy expenditure, whether this food covers the expenditure of this energy. If yes, then move on.

It happens that a dog is thin by breed, i.e. she is lean, she is dry, she runs a lot, spends a lot of energy. There are also people. thin, small, and eats 3-4 loaves of sausage every day and does not get fat. It’s just such a metabolism.

It may also happen that your dog does not have enough enzymes to process this particular food. In this case, you need to switch to another feed. How is this expressed? If the dog has eaten a lot of food and has pumped a lot, this food does not suit us, we take another food.

Or there is another moment: many people say that a dog eats a lot, but it is important to clarify what exactly it is eating. If this is a natural feeding, consisting of a bucket of porridge and 3 pieces of meat, of course, the porridge is in transit, nothing is digested and the dog pours out all these 3 liters of porridge.

To remove this moment, we, firstly, go to a better quality food, i.e. we change low-digestible cereals for highly digestible ones: chopped, millet for rice, add more meat and build the right feeding or transfer to feed. These are the reasons why a dog eats a lot and does not get better.

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