home Dogs The dog has a long heat what to do

The dog has a long heat what to do

Signs of heat in your dog

Watch for the following signs to determine if your dog is leaking. Some of these descriptions are a little graphic, but it is important to discuss them in adulthood so that you understand what to look for in order to determine how often dogs are in estrus.

Your dog’s vulva swells during estrus. You can verify this by examining your dog. On the other hand, some dogs have no visible signs that are easy to spot.

When a dog is in heat, discharge comes out of it. They will look bloody like women. At the beginning of the fertile period, this discharge will be darker red. As the fertile period continues, the secretions will become clearer.

Your dog will urinate frequently during walks when he is in heat. This is a bit like the way males mark their territory. This is because your dog, by nature, tends to deposit pheromone-rich urine near its location.

long, heat

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Males are very sensitive to the smell of a fertile bitch. The urine will attract them to reproduce. Depending on how often your breed is in heat, you may be able to put up with it two to three times a year.

Finally, you can see your dog “flirting” with males. In flirting with dogs, the bitch shows her hindquarters to the dog. It looks like the eyes in the bedroom, but a little less sophisticated.

A dog is in heat for the first time at 6 months

When your dog is 6 months old, he is old enough to go into heat. Just because nature says it’s time doesn’t mean you should breed your dog at such a young age. She is still a puppy at 6 months old and can grow before you knit her for the first time.

Some breeds are more likely to go into heat. For example, small breed dogs may have three cycles per year. Conversely, large breed dogs may only have one cycle every 12-18 months. So, your Great Dane can only have one litter of puppies per year.

Also, young dogs may have irregular cycles. Your dog’s cycles will stabilize by the time he is about two years old. Since domestic dogs live in our homes in a controlled climate, there is no specific season that triggers your dog’s estrus cycle.

Why you should neuter your dog

As you already know, most dog owners choose to take their dogs to the vet for a simple surgery that will prevent their pregnancy. Sterilization surgery is similar to a hysterectomy in humans. The veterinarian removes the dog’s ovaries and uterus to prevent estrus and pregnancy.

Some people believe that this surgery prevents cancer. It certainly relieves some of the behavioral problems, such as frequent urination. It will also protect your dog from unwanted attacks from nearby male dogs.

First, intact bitches can develop a condition called pyometra. This is an infection of the uterus that requires emergency sterilization. It is serious and life threatening.

Secondly, spaying your dog will make your life easier. You don’t have to worry about the clutter that canine periods can create in your home. Plus, it will prevent her from rubbing and licking, which can cause embarrassment when the company is over.

How often does a dog get estrus?

Let me answer the real question first. Females are in heat twice a year. This is also called their estrus cycle. Bitches are ready to breed twice a year and can safely have a litter each time.

That being said, I want to make it clear that this article is not about breeding your dog. This is a specialized subject that has its pros and cons to consider. Some of the information I give you here will help you understand how the basics of breeding work, but this is not a comprehensive look at dog breeding.

I want you to understand that your dog will be in heat twice a year until you sterilize it.

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How many times a year do dogs have estrus?

How often do dogs go into heat? Perhaps you need to know because this is your first attempt at breeding your dog. Perhaps you have a new puppy who is growing up and are wondering when you should expect a new litter. If you’ve been waiting a bit, you need to know how often dogs go into heat so you can be sure you can handle this necessary task on time.

I have 5 facts about bitches in heat so you know the warning signs.

How long will my dog ​​stay in heat??

Your dog will be in heat for 2-4 weeks. When estrus begins, your dog may not be interested in males. Conversely, some bitches are susceptible to breeding as soon as they enter heat.

Watch for the signs I explain below to determine when your dog is in heat and when it’s over. This is the only way to determine your dog’s individual cycle.

Just like humans, bitches can be fertile throughout estrus, or they may only have a 10-day window in which they can get pregnant. Without veterinarian advice and examination, it is difficult to pinpoint this.

How often heat starts and what to do

Let’s take a look at what we learned here, as it was quite a lot.!

  • Dogs start to estrus at about 6 months.
  • Most dogs have two cycles a year and the season doesn’t matter.
  • Your dog will show signs of heat, including frequent urination and spotting. The vulva may also swell. However, you may or may not see it.
  • Males will know that your dog is in heat because there are odor signals in his urine called pheromones. This is why she pisses so much!
  • Some dogs that remain intact become infected with infections and diseases, such as infections of the uterus. It can be dangerous and requires urgent surgery.
  • Your veterinarian can give you the best advice on this! If you don’t feel like your veterinarian is aware of how often dogs go into estrus or when to spay dogs, interview other veterinarians and select a new one right away.

Observation by a veterinarian

The owner needs to know how long his dog’s normal estrus lasts. Any deviations from the usual behavior during this period, or a change in the nature of the discharge is cause for concern. If your shepherd does not end up in heat, it could be a sign of inflammation of the uterus, ovarian cysts, or another reproductive disorder. Then you need to contact the veterinary center, where there is an opportunity to do an ultrasound scan and get tested.

Impact on health

During each sexual cycle, the bitch’s body prepares for conception and bearing offspring. This causes significant changes in the uterus. The cervix relaxes, its canal is open. The mucous membrane (endometrium) grows with blood vessels and thickens. It is with this that bloody discharge during estrus is associated. Although they resemble menstrual discharge in women, they appear according to a different mechanism: blood “seeps” through the walls of blood vessels, and does not come out from the rejected mucous membrane.

During diestrus, even if the bitch is not pregnant, high levels of progesterone continue to stimulate the reproductive organs. For successful fertilization, the immunity of the lining of the uterus is reduced, which makes it susceptible to infections. The uterus stops contracting (atony), and the endometrial glands produce fluid to feed the embryos. All this can lead to a dangerous disease. pyometra, especially in older animals.

Sex hormones also affect the mammary glands, causing false lactation, and even breast tumors at an older age. Under the influence of a high hormonal background, oncology can develop in the uterus itself, or in the ovaries.

Even behavioral reactions associated with estrus are dangerous for a dog: during this time they are more likely to fall under a car, run away and get lost, and get injured in fights. Coitus can be source of venereal sarcoma and other infections, and unwanted pregnancy can be a huge problem for the owner.

Determination of the level of progesterone in the blood

When progesterone in the blood begins to prevail over estrogens, the dog ovulates. Donate blood for hormones begins 5 days after the onset of estrus, every 2 days. Such analyzes help to find out the favorable timing for mating. Ovulation occurs when progesterone levels reach 5-10 ng / ml.

Sexual cycle

Most dogs heat up twice a year, but some bitches heat three times, or only once a year. The rest period is called anestrus and lasts 4-8 months, with an average of 125 days. Then comes proestrus, or forerunner. At this time, signs of an impending sexual hunt appear:

  • loop swelling, spotting;
  • increased urination;
  • aggression towards other females and a pronounced interest in males (but the dog does not allow a seat).

The duration of proestrus is about 1.5 weeks (9 days), but can vary greatly depending on individual characteristics. from 5 to 20 days. Then comes the rutting phase. estrus.

  • the discharge disappears, and the edema of the external genital organs increases;
  • wuka allows knitting.

Estrus lasts 5-9 days, at this moment (usually 2-3 days) ovulation occurs, fertilization is possible.

Then a “yellow body” develops in the ovaries, the period of diestrus (otherwise. metestrus) begins. Signs of sexual arousal disappear rapidly, the dog becomes calm. High progesterone levels help maintain pregnancy, and false pregnancies are possible in uncovered bitches. Metestrus lasts 40-80 days, on average 60 days.

An example of a bitch’s annual cycle with the onset of heat twice a year:

Cycle period Duration, days
Anestrus 130
Proestrus eleven
Estrus nine
Metestrus 60
Anestrus 135
Proestrus 12
Estrus eight
Total 365

For German Shepherds, the average duration of the period between estrus is 150 days, thus the number of interethral periods per year is 2.4. The cycle stabilizes after the third estrus, and then it is possible to predict in advance when the next period of sexual intercourse will begin.

German Shepherd’s first estrus

Veterinarians and breeders recommend keeping a diary where they record the date and duration of estrus, and other details. The first heat becomes the countdown date before the first mating.

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The first heat marks the German Shepherd’s puberty, which occurs at 6-12 months. As with other large breed dogs, the onset of estrus can be delayed up to 1.5 years of age, which is not a pathology.

At what age does estrus begin in dogs and how many days it takes depends on the congenital temperament and conditions of detention.

It is known that the presence of a male dog or other bitch in a state of sexual heat can cause estrus in a young female.

Sometimes the owners may not notice the symptoms of estrus, especially in the enclosure: the first time the dog often walks “hidden”. Changes in behavior in a half-year-old puppy are attributed to other factors, and when estrus begins a second time, it is mistakenly recorded as the first.

How to calm a male dog when a female is in heat.12 methods

Why is it not recommended to knit a dog in the first heat:

  • The organism has not reached physiological maturity (the growth period is not over). In case of pregnancy, and then lactation, the bitch will remain small, poorly developed, and the litter will be weak.
  • In young animals, maternal instinct is poorly developed, and an imbalance of hormones in the body leads to problems with lactation. The owner will have to independently feed the puppies, which requires tremendous efforts.
  • The first (and even the second) estrus sometimes passes without the onset of ovulation, so mating will be ineffective.

It is very important to understand in time that the bitch has gone on a spree, it is very important to prevent unwanted pregnancy or even escape of your beloved dog. For breeding animals, you also need to track the beginning of estrus to determine the date of mating.

  • the genital loop increases, swells;
  • vaginal discharge that is dark during the precursor period and transparent during estrus;
  • their number and duration can vary greatly: from a few days to 2-3 weeks. If there is little discharge, and the dog is actively sucking up, they will be completely invisible. Intense shedding (not all);
  • tail raised and laid to the side, like a flag.

In addition to obvious physiological signs, behavioral changes are very characteristic:

  • Frequent urination (urine may contain bloody discharge). The bitch’s markings contain special pheromones that attract males;
  • a change in appetite up to a complete refusal of food;
  • pronounced reaction to relatives: aggression towards bitches and flirting with males. A dog can jump on other dogs, land on a person’s legs;
  • anxiety, nervousness, aggression.

A positive reaction to males appears at the end of proestrus. It is very risky to check if the pet allows the dog to cage it. it will not be easy to pull large dogs apart. Instead, hand pressure is applied to the sacrum area. If the dog freezes in a characteristic pose, pulling back its tail, it is ready for mating.

Special briefs

Profuse bleeding can be a big problem, especially if the dog climbs onto a sofa or bed. Wearing a sanitary pad solves this problem. You can make them with your own hands, but industrial pants fit better.

What to do for a bitch owner during estrus

The duration of estrus in a German shepherd is about 3 weeks, but they may seem like an eternity to the owner. The level of training, education and obedience of a beloved dog does not matter: when estrus begins, the German Shepherd “blows the roof”. The pet howls, whines, breaks off the leash, ingeniously escapes from the house, flocks of “fans” are on duty at the entrance. Compliance with certain conditions helps to survive heat without consequences.

The use of drugs

With a high concentration of stray dogs or visiting common walking areas, use special sprays to attract less males:

  • “Impatient” (Le Artis);
  • “Flirting? Not!” (BioVax);
  • “Faithful Friend” (Vergas Soft);
  • Antikobelin (Himola);
  • “No Love” (Beaphar);
  • Dog Stop Spray (Canina).
  • Da-ba Relax Plus (Gi-Gi);
  • Fitx (AVZ);
  • Bayun the Cat (Veda).

But the use of hormonal drugs in shepherd dogs is best avoided, since they have pronounced side effects.

Chihuahua estrus frequency

Chihuahua dogs have their first estrus between six months and ten months. Usually this event falls on the 8th or 9th month of the bitch’s life, and mating during this period is prohibited. After all, the first estrus in a Chihuahua happens when the animal has not yet grown and matured, and a pregnant dog can undermine its health. And it is unlikely that a young bitch can bear and give birth to strong and healthy puppies. Therefore, if the owner wants to have puppies, then you need to wait for the second estrus and only then mate the bitch with the selected male.

Some owners may not even notice that their bitch is in her first heat. Chihuahuas do not always show hunting during this period, because the animal’s body has not yet had time to fully form, and the dog may not understand what is happening to it. But she will begin to show some concern, so during this period it is worth closely monitoring the behavior of the animal. And not to allow adult males to the baby, who will probably figure out the situation. Therefore, when a young bitch reaches the age of six months, her mood must be carefully and carefully monitored.

Each owner is also interested in how often the chihuahua is in heat. After the dog has flowed for the first time, this event occurs twice a year, every six or seven months. The state of hunt in a bitch does not depend on the season, and can occur at any time, but at least six months pass from one estrus to another. In some cases, this event happens more often, and in some a little less often, but on average, the Chihuahua comes hunting twice a year. Therefore, it is recommended to keep track of the calendar, and to calculate the time so that you know exactly when the bitch will need extra attention.

Chihuahua signs of heat

Each owner is able to recognize the onset of estrus in his pet; here a non-professional is also able to figure it out. It all starts with the fact that the Chihuahua becomes irritable and aggressive during estrus, she is constantly agitated and unable to find a place for herself. Even playful and friendly animals change their temperament, so they should not play with other pets or people during estrus. Calm dogs sometimes show excessive playfulness, and in addition, their mood changes unpredictably. The Chihuahua owner is advised to carefully monitor his pet at this time, and only walk it on a harness or leash.

Physiological processes in the body also change, and the bitch begins to behave as males usually do. She marks all possible angles to attract the attention of males, and does this not only on the street, but also in the house. This is annoying because during estrus, the dog’s urine becomes especially odorous, and if the animal is not walked, the whole house will be saturated with unpleasant odors. And these smells attract males all the time, so there are great chances to find a group of impatient gentlemen under the doors. The bitch should never be allowed to come near them.

The onset of estrus can also be determined by the appearance of the dog, which also changes. The labia are enlarged and discharge begins to appear, and the nipples become swollen and larger than usual. All signs of estrus in a Chihuahua must be recognized immediately, and by them it is necessary to determine its onset in time. After all, it is at this time that a remedy can act on the pet that stops hunting in bitches, because a later intake of the drug will not give results. For non-neutered dogs, this is the only reliable way to prevent estrus, and with it unwanted pregnancy.

Second estrus

It is called estrus and it is the shortest in time. its duration does not exceed one week. It often begins on the 8-9th day of hunting, and ends on the 12-13th day, and only at this time the bitch is actively looking for a partner and happily makes contact with the males. But no matter how long estrus takes, only during this period can puppies appear, so breeders should prepare for this moment in advance. In some dogs, the duration of the hunt depends on the number of years lived. over, in some dogs, estrus lasts longer with age, while in others, on the contrary, it shortens.

If the owner did not sterilize his animal, and did not have time to use drugs that interrupt the hunt, then it is during this period that he should be most careful. During estrus, the bitch is controlled only by instincts, and there is no way to negotiate with her. She will try to find herself a mating partner by any available means, she can run away and then bring puppies from the first yard dog she comes across. Therefore, at this time, the dog needs to be walked only on a leash, and to limit its communication with males in all possible ways.

First estrus

This period, called proestrus, lasts for 6-9 days, and it is at this time that the dog is most aggressive and restless. Along with the behavior, the physiological state of the bitch also changes, swelling appears on the labia and nipples. At the same time, aggressiveness manifests itself not only to people and other animals, the baby drives away from herself and the males. But when it touches the sacrum or tail, the Chihuahua freezes and takes the tail to the side, to facilitate mating. over, such a reaction is observed with any touch, accidental or deliberate.

But if the owner wants to get puppies, then it is important for him to remember that during this period the bitch is not yet ready for mating. Proestrus is essentially a preparatory phase during which the canine body prepares itself for possible fertilization. And the bitch drives away males at this time in the same way as everyone else. Although she already secretes pheromones, to which males respond, you can not hope that mating will occur at this time. It is impossible from a physiological point of view.

Chihuahua dog estrus

And the first question, the answer to which interests the owners of these babies, is how long the chihuahua’s estrus lasts. Although this time is calculated individually for each dog, on average it can be argued that the duration of the hunt is three weeks. In some animals, it lasts 18-19 days, while in others it stretches for 25 days.

It must be remembered that this depends on a number of factors, such as the number of years the dog has lived, the time of year, the health of the Chihuahua, and a number of other points. But we must count, first of all, on the figure of 21 days. This period is divided into three unequal intervals, during which both the physical and psychological state of the animal change.

Third period of heat

Metestrus, the third stage of estrus, begins at the end of the second week of estrus and lasts until the end. Regardless of whether the dog was mated or not, it calms down, ceases to be interested in males and returns to normal. In case of successful mating, pregnancy begins, but if the bitch does not bear, then her physiology returns to normal, as does the state of her reproductive system. The owner can breathe calmly and not be afraid that his Chihuahua will run away after the first yard dog that comes across. Well, if the mating was carried out, then it would be reasonable to start preparing for childbirth in advance. By the way, according to experts, there are not three, but four periods of sexual activity in dogs. And this is why the fourth period is usually not mentioned:

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“Strictly speaking, the sexual activity of dogs is divided not into three, but into four stages, and the fourth stage is called anestrus. But this period is not included in estrus, because at this time not a single process associated with sexual activity will take place in the animal’s body. Anestrus is the same period between one estrus and another, and the bitch at this time is absolutely indifferent to males. But that is why this period is not included in the hunting cycle “.

Chihuahua dogs

Chihuahuas are cute and cuddly animals, and bitches have a calmer character than males. But everything changes during estrus, or, as it is also called, hunting. A chihuahua’s heat leads to the fact that the dog becomes restless, aggressive, and begins to cause trouble for the owners. And it is useful to understand how estrus lasts, and for how long it will change the behavior of the pet. Therefore, it is necessary to recognize the signs that the bitch has flowed, and decide in advance what to do in the future.

Metestrus

The third phase of the reproductive cycle. At this stage, the active phase of estrus in the dog ends, when it attracts males and the restoration of all natural processes in the uterus begins. On average, this period lasts 60-105 days. Throughout the entire period, the bitch drives away males from herself. If the dog has been in heat for the first time, then the ribcage and vulva become slightly larger than they were before.

Bloody discharge gradually disappears, and the swelling of the external genital organs also decreases. During this period, the dog’s level of progesterone (the so-called “pregnancy hormone”) rises, regardless of whether fertilization has occurred or not. Therefore, during metestrus, some bitches observe the occurrence of a false pregnancy.

The dog shows all the signs of pregnancy, although in fact it has no fetuses. During this period, the animal is worried, seeks to build a shelter (nest) from its bedding or other items, often carries toys, mistaking them for puppies. This condition is accompanied by swelling of the mammary glands, even a slight discharge of milk is possible. False pregnancy in dogs after a while passes by itself without consequences. the hormonal balance returns to normal. But the owner should take care to reduce the dog’s milk production. To do this, you need to limit the animal’s food and water intake and refuse dry food for this time.

Interrupting your pet’s heat

Most owners are in estrus with an animal inconvenient: during this period, the owner needs a lot of attention to the pet, as well as additional care.

Modern veterinary medicine offers several ways to solve the problems associated with estrus, the main ones are as follows:

Controlling the dog’s owner during estrus

If the owner is not interested in the offspring from the dog, during estrus it is necessary to be very careful and remember simple rules:

  • Only walk your dog on a leash. Even the most calm and obedient bitches on heat days often do not pay attention to commands and run away from the owner.
  • While walking, watch the dog closely, “keep your eyes on it”.
  • Eliminate communication between dogs and males.
  • Do not under any circumstances allow males to sit on the bitch. If copulation begins, it is almost impossible to separate the animals.
  • During estrus, exclude or limit travel to exhibitions, competitions, festivals.
  • It is not recommended to bathe the dog in water, as the genitals of the animal are vulnerable to infection during this period.

First Time in Heat Tips and Tricks!!!!

Sometimes the owner allows the animal to independently satisfy its sexual needs by letting the dog go for unsupervised walking (this is usually common in rural areas). After such indulgences, the owner of the dog cannot avoid the problems associated with the attachment of numerous offspring.

Let us remind those owners who kill the puppies that have been born about the enormous responsibility for inhumane actions in relation to “our smaller brothers”. First, man is responsible for the merciless killing of newly born animals. Secondly, the mother dog will experience severe stress, moreover, the occurrence of hormonal disruptions in the animal’s body is likely. Thirdly, all family members (especially the younger ones) will be mentally worried after such actions. In addition, a citizen is liable for cruelty to animals under Article 245 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, which provides for a fine, correctional labor or imprisonment, depending on the severity of the crime.

Another strong argument against indiscriminate mating is the uncontrolled growth of the population of dogs, many of which later become homeless.

Contraceptive use

A humane and effective method for regulating sexual heat (interruption and delay of estrus) in dogs. For owners and breeders who urgently need to travel with an animal to an exhibition or other events, these drugs are indispensable.

The use of drugs for the regulation of sexual activity allows:

  • eliminate sexual arousal, interrupt estrus;
  • regulate the period of onset of sexual heat;
  • prevent unwanted pregnancy.

Signs of heat in a dog. Stages of estrus

The sexual, or estrous, cycle of a dog includes four periods:

How long does a dog get in heat?

The duration of a dog’s estrus depends on many factors: age, breed, housing conditions, nutrition. How long your dog will last in heat can only be learned from personal experience. On average, its duration is 20-22 days. The exact estrus cycle will be established in the female only by two years. It is advisable to write down the dates of the heat in order to calculate the date of the next sexual estrus and how long the dog will be in heat. Hunting in dogs usually happens 2 times a year, in some animals. once a year.

Estrus (directly hunting or rut)

The second stage of estrus in a dog is when it is ready to mate (mate). How long a dog is in heat at this stage, each owner, observing his pet, determines for himself. On average, this period is 4 to 12 days. At this time, the bitch begins to admit the males. The readiness of the dog for mating is indicated by the characteristic posture of lordosis or substitution: the dog freezes and moves its tail to the side. If you touch it from behind, then it raises the pelvis and the loop, and a wave of muscle contractions will pass along the back.

Spotting during this period may vary from breed to dog. Some individuals have almost no discharge, and they are ready to mate with a dog as soon as the vulva is slightly enlarged. However, in a normal state, rut occurs when the bleeding has completely stopped or has become light, and the vulva is very swollen.

During estrus, ovulation occurs. from 4 to 20 eggs are released from the ovaries, which mature in the uterus within a few days or hours. Their fertilization also takes place in the uterus. As a rule, ovulation occurs within the first 48 hours after the onset of estrus, but the bitch allows the males to mate for 4-5 days. The fact is that the eggs retain the ability to fertilize for several days, and the life expectancy of sperm in the genital tract is about 24 hours.

Heat in dogs

How long does estrus last for dogs?

Regardless of size and breed, estrus in all dogs lasts 20-30 days. It is divided into four phases, which differ in physiological signs and characteristics of behavior.

Proestrus. the first phase, which lasts 7-10 days. The genital loop of the dog swells, it begins to actively mark the territory, after 3-4 days the first spotting appears. The behavior of the animal changes: the dog becomes agitated, obeys commands poorly, shows a clear interest in males during walks, but when they try to enter into an intimate relationship with her, it becomes aggressive, runs away, sits on its tail.

Estrus. the second phase, when the dog ovulates and is ready to become a mother. Lasts 7-9 days. The dog’s pearl loop becomes soft, the discharge becomes transparent pink, she is actively interested in males and is not aggressive during their flirting. At this time, the dog is ready for mating.

Metaestrus. the third phase is when estrus ends. Lasts for several days. The dog’s secretions stop flowing, hormones decrease, it loses interest in the dog and stops letting them in.

Aestrus. the fourth phase, the period of sexual rest, which lasts 4 to 7 months between estrus.

When dogs are in heat

How long does estrus last for dogs?

Regardless of size and breed, estrus in all dogs lasts 20-30 days. It is divided into four phases, which differ in physiological signs and characteristics of behavior.

Proestrus. the first phase, which lasts 7-10 days. The genital loop of the dog swells, it begins to actively mark the territory, after 3-4 days the first spotting appears. The behavior of the animal changes: the dog becomes agitated, obeys commands poorly, shows a clear interest in males during walks, but when they try to enter into an intimate relationship with her, it becomes aggressive, runs away, sits on its tail.

Estrus. the second phase, when the dog ovulates and is ready to become a mother. Lasts 7-9 days. The dog’s pearl loop becomes soft, the discharge becomes transparent pink, she is actively interested in males and is not aggressive during their flirting. At this time, the dog is ready for mating.

Metaestrus. the third phase is when estrus ends. Lasts for several days. The dog’s secretions stop flowing, hormones decrease, it loses interest in the dog and stops letting them in.

Aestrus. the fourth phase, the period of sexual rest, which lasts 4 to 7 months between estrus.

Heat in dogs

Techka, or scientifically, estrus, is the period of a dog’s sexual cycle, during which it is ready for mating and fertilization. That is, this is the period when you can mate a dog if you want to get puppies from it, or, on the contrary, take additional precautions to avoid unscheduled mating.

What problems related to estrus may be faced by owners

As mentioned above, dogs in heat are accompanied by bloody discharge. Animals can leave marks on floors or furniture. If you do not want the dog to stain carpets and furniture during this period, either use special underpants, or limit its movement around the house to such an area where it will be easy to clean up after it.

The behavior of an animal during estrus can vary significantly. Some animals become more lethargic, passive, eat worse. Others become less controllable, aggressive towards other animals, agitated.

In any case, it is not recommended to let go of the dog during this period. This will help to avoid unpleasant consequences, such as the manifestation of aggression towards other animals and people, possible injuries (an animal in a state of excitement can run out onto the road and get hit by a car) and unwanted mating.

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As a result of unplanned mating, the dog may become pregnant. If the male was larger, problems may arise during childbirth. If the fruits are very large, the dog will not be able to give birth on its own, and surgical intervention (caesarean section) will be required.

Another consequence of unplanned mating may be inflammation of the uterus (endometritis, pyometra), which will require treatment, and possibly even surgery. There are a number of sexually transmitted infections that can lead to inflammation and even infertility.

It is not recommended to allow the dog to swim in open water during estrus, to give it the opportunity to sit on the ground or in contaminated areas. During this period, the female genital tract is more open, as a result of which bacteria penetrate there more easily, which in turn can lead to inflammation in the organs of the genitourinary system (cystitis, endometritis).

Signs of cystitis. frequent urination in small portions, urine may acquire a sharp specific odor, blood may appear in the urine.

Endometritis is an inflammation of the lining of the uterus. This disease can be manifested by the appearance of mucous, mucopurulent or bloody discharge from the external genital tract. If treatment is not carried out on time, endometritis can lead to the development of pyometra. a purulent inflammation of the uterus. This is a very serious systemic disease. If at the same time the cervix remains closed, then all this pus accumulates in the uterine cavity, toxic substances are absorbed into the bloodstream and affect the entire body. If the cervix remains open, then you may notice a purulent or bloody discharge from the loop, sometimes with an unpleasant odor, the fur around the loop, the tail area and inner thighs may be stained with these secretions. The animal may become more lethargic, apathetic, drink more, refuse to eat, he may have a fever. This is a serious medical condition that can threaten your pet’s life! If you notice such symptoms, this is a reason to see a doctor immediately! Inflammation of the uterus can occur as a few days after the end of heat, and after a month or two.

During estrus, it is recommended to avoid visiting exhibitions, walking on dog grounds, where a large number of animals may accumulate, for the reasons mentioned above.

It is not recommended to carry out routine vaccination during estrus, it is recommended to wait until it ends.

When keeping opposite-sex animals in the same apartment, it is better to separate them for the period of estrus. Placing animals in separate rooms is not enough. Males can smell a bitch in heat several kilometers away. The best option is to take one of the animals to another house for a while. The presence of a female in heat in the house is very stressful for the dog. The animal becomes uncontrollable, can refuse food, whine, scratch the door and try in every possible way to get to the female.

How long does estrus last for dogs?

On average, estrus lasts 3 weeks. The estrus period can be divided into several phases.

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Proestrus (forerunner) lasts 7-10 days. During this period, a change in the dog’s behavior can be observed. The animal becomes less controllable, can show aggression, actively mark the territory, not follow commands that usually did not cause difficulties. Some animals, on the contrary, become more lethargic, apathetic, fearful. Also, females can actively respond to males, but at the same time do not allow them to come near them, and when they try to get closer, they will snap and move to the side.

The external genitals also undergo changes during this period. The vulva (loop) swells due to the rush of blood, and the mucous membranes of the external genital organs may acquire a more intense color (bright pink or even bluish). Bloody discharge from the loop appears. Often, it is by the presence of bloody discharge that the owner can determine that the dog is in heat.

If possible, it is recommended to do without such devices. Dogs are constantly licked, and thus, carry out hygienic care of themselves, and the presence of underpants will prevent this. To avoid unwanted contamination of floors and sofas, carpets can be rolled up during estrus and do not allow the animal to jump on the sofa, but lie only in its place.

The next phase is estrus, the phase of sexual heat itself. It lasts 7-9 days. This is the phase during which ovulation occurs, and therefore, pregnancy is possible. Usually it is 11-13 days from the time of the onset of heat. The behavior of the dog during this period also changes. She becomes more affectionate and friendly, willingly allows males to approach her, takes her tail aside and freezes, demonstrating readiness for mating with such behavior. Discharge from the loop acquires a lighter shade, becomes almost transparent, the loop becomes softer, but remains swollen and increased in volume.

The third phase of the cycle is diestrus (metestrus). It lasts approximately 60 days. During this period, the discharge stops, the puffiness of the loop subsides, and it acquires its usual color and size. At this time, the onset of falsehood is possible. Usually, this condition is manifested by swelling of the mammary glands and secretion from them (it can be transparent or whitish, like milk; if the secret becomes brown, this may be a sign of mastitis, in which case it is recommended to consult a doctor). The dog may be more lethargic, apathetic, refuse to eat. Sometimes the animal begins to look for a place, as if preparing for childbirth, digging a bedding, and carrying toys. If you notice these symptoms, it is recommended to contact your veterinarian.

The next phase of the cycle is anestrus. This is the period of sexual rest, which lasts until the next heat begins, and can last from 4 to 6 months.

With age, the period between estrus may increase. Symptoms of estrus in older dogs may be less severe, but this does not rule out the possibility of pregnancy.

There is also such a thing as split heat. The animal has symptoms characteristic of the first phase. spotting, swelling of the vulva, and so on, but after a few days these signs disappear and resume after a few weeks. Owners may think the animal has been in heat two times in a row. For a young animal up to two years old, this is a variant of the norm; at an older age, this may be a sign of a malfunction of the ovaries. In this case, it is better to consult a specialist.

Some animals experience so-called latent estrus. At the same time, the dog has no or mild symptoms of estrus, such as swelling of the vulva, spotting, attractiveness to males. At the same time, the ovaries are functioning normally and ovulation also occurs. Therefore, if you are planning to breed a dog, it is better to focus not on the external signs of estrus, but on the test results.

At what age does the first heat start

The first heat begins between 6 and 18 months of age. This can depend on the breed and size of the dog. Small breed dogs tend to be in heat earlier, at the age of 6-9 months. In dogs of medium and large breeds. closer to a year, and sometimes after a year. If your dog is not in estrus until 1.5 years old, do not be afraid, this is also a variant of the norm, in some dogs the first estrus begins closer to 2 years old. If estrus has not begun even after this time, you should contact your veterinarian. Perhaps the animal has some kind of hormonal disorders or pathology in the development of the organs of the reproductive system. In this case, it is worth contacting a fertility specialist.

How to get rid of male attention during estrus

Of course, the most effective and efficient way is to neuter the dog. After the operation, heat stops as the uterus and ovaries are removed.

If this option is unacceptable for the owners, or it is a breeding animal, there are various sprays that mask or eliminate the odor during estrus. The animal must be treated several times a day before each walk. It is recommended to start treatment a few days before the expected date of onset of estrus. Treat the area of ​​the croup, tail, inner thighs of the dog. Avoid contact with the spray directly on the mucous membranes. Also, some manufacturers recommend processing the owner’s clothes, as they may retain odor.

Heat in dogs

How long does estrus last for dogs?

Regardless of size and breed, estrus in all dogs lasts 20-30 days. It is divided into four phases, which differ in physiological signs and characteristics of behavior.

Proestrus. the first phase, which lasts 7-10 days. The genital loop of the dog swells, it begins to actively mark the territory, after 3-4 days the first spotting appears. The behavior of the animal changes: the dog becomes agitated, obeys commands poorly, shows a clear interest in males during walks, but when they try to enter into an intimate relationship with her, it becomes aggressive, runs away, sits on its tail.

Estrus. the second phase, when the dog ovulates and is ready to become a mother. Lasts 7-9 days. The dog’s pearl loop becomes soft, the discharge becomes transparent pink, she is actively interested in males and is not aggressive during their flirting. At this time, the dog is ready for mating.

Metaestrus. the third phase is when estrus ends. Lasts for several days. The dog’s secretions stop flowing, hormones decrease, it loses interest in the dog and stops letting them in.

Aestrus. the fourth phase, the period of sexual rest, which lasts 4 to 7 months between estrus.

Heat in dogs

How long does estrus last for dogs?

Regardless of size and breed, estrus in all dogs lasts 20-30 days. It is divided into four phases, which differ in physiological signs and characteristics of behavior.

Proestrus. the first phase, which lasts 7-10 days. The genital loop of the dog swells, it begins to actively mark the territory, after 3-4 days the first spotting appears. The behavior of the animal changes: the dog becomes agitated, obeys commands poorly, shows a clear interest in males during walks, but when they try to enter into an intimate relationship with her, it becomes aggressive, runs away, sits on its tail.

Estrus. the second phase, when the dog ovulates and is ready to become a mother. Lasts 7-9 days. The dog’s pearl loop becomes soft, the discharge becomes transparent pink, she is actively interested in males and is not aggressive during their flirting. At this time, the dog is ready for mating.

Metaestrus. the third phase is when estrus ends. Lasts for several days. The dog’s secretions stop flowing, hormones decrease, it loses interest in the dog and stops letting them in.

Aestrus. the fourth phase, the period of sexual rest, which lasts 4 to 7 months between estrus.

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