Medicines and first aid
Many owners, observing the suffering of their beloved pet, try to cure it at home and give the dog activated charcoal, pancreatin or no-shpu. These drugs, of course, can relieve pain and relieve spasm, but their effect is short-lived, moreover, the pills will not help to cope with the problem itself and it will not be possible to cure the dog with their help.
Activated charcoal can help relieve pain, but only temporarily.
Therefore, experts do not recommend giving such medicines to animals, especially before visiting a veterinary clinic. After all, the same no-shpa can smooth out the symptoms of the disease and it will be much more difficult for the veterinarian to establish the cause of abdominal pain and make the correct diagnosis.
What to do at home?
The only thing that the owner can do to relieve pain in the dog’s tummy is to do a light massage of the abdominal cavity and only if the pet does not experience painful sensations. This method will help when a four-fingered friend is suffering from colic or an upset stomach.
A light massage of the abdomen will relieve colic.
When palpating the abdomen, the dog will feel uncomfortable.
- Lack of appetite and weight loss. If the dog refuses to eat for no apparent reason and does not even react when the owner offers him his favorite treat, then this may be the first signal that he has problems with digestion.
- The pet has become lethargic and lethargic. The animal goes for a walk with the owner without much enthusiasm and does not show interest in a cat running by, or does not want to play with a favorite ball.
- Evidence that the doggie got sick may be the sign that he suddenly began to feel fear of people and is afraid to go out in general. At the same time, the dog is looking for a secluded place in the house and tries to hide from everyone in it.
- Sudden aggression towards the owner is also a symptom of the dog’s health problems. If a friendly and affectionate pet does not allow the owner to approach him and even tries to bite him, then perhaps he is suffering from stomach pain and this is what caused his irritability and aggressive behavior.
- The owner should also pay close attention to the four-fingered friend’s chair. Constipation or diarrhea can signal gastrointestinal problems.
- Vomiting after every meal can also be a sign of a digestive system disorder. At the same time, an unpleasant and putrid odor from the pet’s mouth often appears.
- The dog’s gait changes. He walks hunched over, lifting the back of his body and whining at the same time.
Lack of appetite is one of the symptoms of abdominal pain.
It is possible to determine that the dog is suffering from abdominal pain by palpation. If your pet’s belly is swollen and hard to the touch and every time it touches this part of the body, it flinches in pain, then it should be immediately shown to the veterinarian.
The state of the dog’s digestive system largely depends on the attentive and responsible attitude of the owner towards his four-footed pet. It is possible to avoid many problems, including with the gastrointestinal tract in an animal, if the choice of its diet is correct.
- The dog should be fed only with high quality and fresh food. Do not give the animal prohibited foods (sweets, fatty meats and foods high in salt and spices).
- When walking the dog, it is necessary to ensure that he does not pick up food or foreign objects on the street.
- Do not forget to give your pet remedies for worms every six months.
- Do not allow the dog to injure the abdominal area, because damage to internal organs can even lead to the death of the animal.
To help your dog get rid of abdominal pain, it is necessary to establish the cause of their occurrence. After all, the problem may lie in light food poisoning and improper nutrition, as well as in more serious diseases, for example, an infection in the body or the formation of a tumor in the abdominal cavity.
Causes of abdominal pain:
- Poor quality feed. Sometimes changing the usual brand of food can provoke problems with the digestive system.
- Foreign body entering the stomach. The dog can swallow a small object, which causes cramping and sharp pain in the abdomen.
- The cause of pain in the abdominal cavity lies in the ingestion of an intestinal infection. This can be determined by signs such as diarrhea or the presence of blood clots in the dog’s stool.
- If the dog was hungry and greedily pounced on the offered food. then later he may suffer from cramps in the abdominal cavity.
- Internal injury from trauma can also cause abdominal pain.
- The presence of parasites. Infection with helminths is one of the most common causes of pain and cramps in the abdominal cavity.
- With pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas), the dog experiences severe abdominal pain, loses appetite, and becomes lethargic.
- Poisoning can be another cause of painful sensations. This happens if a pet eats stale food thrown out by someone on the street.
- Some foods (legumes, corn or pearl barley) can cause colic and gas production, so it is not advisable to include them in the dog’s diet.
- In some cases, acute abdominal pain is caused by inflammation of the genitourinary system or cystitis.
- A pet may have a stomach ache due to the formation of a tumor in the stomach or intestines.
Poor quality food can cause abdominal pain.
To prescribe an effective treatment, the doctor will conduct a comprehensive examination of the dog. In most cases, the veterinarian makes a diagnosis by simply feeling the abdominal cavity of the doggie, because with the help of his fingers, an experienced doctor can detect whether the animal has a tumor or the cause of the pain lies in intestinal obstruction. Based on this examination, the doctor will prescribe the necessary drugs and medications.
But sometimes additional tests, such as x-rays or ultrasound, may be needed. You will also have to donate the pet’s blood, urine and feces for analysis.
Diagnosis requires a blood test of the dog.
Often, pills or intramuscular injections are prescribed to treat abdominal pain and cramps caused by poor diet or mild food poisoning. But in the event that foreign objects are found in the animal in the stomach or the doctor has identified a tumor of the internal organs, surgical intervention will be required.
Important: self-medication will not only not relieve the pet of pain in the abdominal cavity, but it can also cause irreparable harm to the health of the animal. Only a professional doctor should decide on the methods of treatment and the choice of the necessary drugs.
Why a dog’s stomach hurts: what to do and how to understand that the stomach REALLY hurts?
Despite the popular belief that dogs have very strong stomachs and can eat anything, this is far from the case.
Four-footed pets often have problems with the digestive system due to which they suffer from excruciating pain and cramps in the abdomen. But the dog cannot tell about it, so the owner often does not even know that the pet needs help. What are the signs that you can tell if a dog has a stomach ache and what drugs should be used for treatment??
When to sound the alarm?
If the cause of cramps and pain in the abdominal cavity is an improper diet or poor-quality food, then after changing the diet, everything will return to normal in a few days, and in this case, there is no need for long-term treatment.
But in the event that the owner noticed that the pet suffers from periodic abdominal pain, and when he tries to touch this part of the body, it whines and even growls at the owner, the animal should be taken to a veterinary clinic. After all, such symptoms can indicate a serious illness and you cannot do without the help of a qualified specialist.
If the dog growls when touched on the belly, then you need to take it to the veterinarian.
Do not forget that the health and well-being of the dog depends on an accurate diagnosis and timely treatment.
Why does a dog have a big belly?
The meaning of an enlarged dog’s belly (or large belly) is used to describe circumstances where a dog’s belly appears bulging or large in certain areas. Expansion can occur as a result of various factors.
While some forms of large belly abdomen are obvious in dogs, all forms of belly enlargement are not always easily detected by dog owners. It takes many years of practical experience for veterinarians to feel the abdomen and find minor abnormalities such as enlarged organs.
Causes of a large belly
Here is a list of some of the potential causes of a large belly in dogs. Some are relatively benign conditions, while others may be suggestive of painful dysfunction and worthy of being examined by a veterinarian.
- Weight gain issue. In this case, the increase occurs due to the presence of excess fat. Weight gain is often seen in dogs that are richly fed high-calorie foods and in dogs that do not exercise enough. Diet changes along with an exercise regimen can often help. Certain medical conditions can also cause weight gain in dogs. Examples are diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease.
- Pregnancy in dogs. In this case, the big belly is due to the presence of puppies inside the bitch. Typically, at about 5 or 6 weeks, the belly will begin to enlarge and the mother dog will begin to gain weight. Puppies are transferred to the uterus, which is located in the back of the abdomen, near the bladder. As the puppies develop, the uterus expands. As the end of pregnancy approaches, all puppies will be large enough and the belly may appear large at the stomach and rib cage.
- The presence of intestinal parasites. Dogs with heavy parasite loads can develop a large belly. Puppies are notorious for looking like this when they are young. In puppies, a common parasite known to cause a large belly is roundworm. Fortunately, fixing the problem is easy. After a fecal test that tests positive for the parasite, the veterinarian can select the most appropriate worm treatment that will kill the exact type of parasite found.
- Enlargement of organs. A large belly can sometimes be detected by a veterinarian during a physical examination, and this may indicate liver tumors. Distension of the abdomen (ascites) may also occur. An enlarged liver can also occur when a dog is experiencing heart failure. Usually, abdominal enlargement due to an enlarged tumor will not be evident. An experienced veterinarian is often needed to gently palpate any enlarged organs. Sometimes, for example, an enlarged spleen is difficult to feel even for an experienced veterinarian.
- Gastrointestinal problems. A big belly after eating can be due to an upset stomach, explains Dr. Jennifer E. Stokes, a board-certified veterinarian specializing in internal medicine. What can lead to this? The presence of a tumor can slow down normal gastric emptying, leading to a build-up of gas in the stomach. It is possible that the nerves in the dog’s intestinal tract are not working as they should. Other possible gastrointestinal problems that cause a large belly in dogs include torsion of the organ (stomach, spleen, intestines), infection of the membrane lining the abdominal cavity (peritonitis), foreign body obstruction, and trauma to the abdominal organs.
- Ascites. Sometimes a dog’s belly enlarges when fluid builds up in the abdomen. Pressing gently on the abdomen can create a fluid-like “wave”. Fluids can build up due to malfunctioning organs such as the heart (as occurs with congestive heart failure, especially in dogs with a history of murmur) or the liver.
- The presence of blood. Blood can enter the abdominal cavity as a complication from surgery, major bleeding disorders, exposure to rat venom, bleeding masses, and penetrating abdominal trauma that causes direct damage to the abdominal organs (car accident, dog bite).
- Urinary problem. When a dog’s bladder bursts, it can fill the abdomen with urine as a result of significant injuries, such as being hit by a car. Another possible cause of a large belly includes a blockage of urine.
- Intestinal lymphoma. Lymphoma is a type of cancer that can attack almost any system. In the case of intestinal lymphoma, this cancer blocks the lymphatic system, causing fluid to leak into the abdomen. This type of cancer can be found on ultrasound, where enlarged lymph nodes can be seen.
- Spleen cancer. Cancer of the spleen in dogs (hemangiosarcoma) can cause acute abdominal swelling, abdominal pain, difficulty breathing, pale gums along with a large belly. Abdominal edema occurs when the spleen ruptures, causing blood to fill the space in the abdomen. The tricky part of these tumors is that you often cannot know if they are benign or cancerous.
- Uterine infection. The infection of the uterus, known medically as pyometra, only affects intact female dogs (not spayed). It is a life-threatening condition. An unharmed female dog that misbehaves, exhibits decreased appetite and a large belly / pelvic area may suffer from a swollen uterus. See your veterinarian right away to get started with treatment as soon as possible.
If you notice a large belly in your dog, see your veterinarian. Your veterinarian will most likely start with a physical examination, which will lead to palpation of your dog’s abdomen. Your dog’s belly will be checked for distension, asymmetry (one side is different), fluid or gas, enlarged organs such as the spleen, liver or kidneys, distension of the stomach, intestines, or bladder, mass, and enlargement of the dog’s bladder or uterus.
Why does a dog have a hard belly??
Eating too much or too fast, you can usually see our dog with a swollen, hard belly. They may have even recently put on pounds and they just require a little diet and exercise. However, your dog’s belly is hard and this is alarming. The reason why a dog has a hard belly can vary. Regardless of your dog’s age, if your dog has a swollen or hard belly, this could be a sign of an underlying problem and requires serious thought to make a diagnosis.
Your veterinarian is the only one who can make the correct diagnosis when it comes to hard belly in dogs. We will provide you with several possible answers as to why your dog’s belly is hard.
Other Reasons Why Your Dog’s Belly Is Hard
My puppy’s belly is hard
If we adopt a puppy from a reputable source, then they should be weaned from their mother for at least 8 weeks. This is so that the puppy can be weaned properly. They should also be vaccinated and dewormed to ensure they have a healthy start in life.
However, you can adopt a puppy from an irresponsible breeder (without our knowledge). If the latter happens, they may not have been given the proper level or care and will be more susceptible to certain diseases, infections, and other illnesses.
However, you can never be 100% sure that your puppy will not develop complications. This is mainly due to their vulnerable status as a young dog. If we see that our puppy has a hard stomach, then we need to find out the root cause. Infections can be passed from mother to puppy through breastfeeding, even if the mother is supposedly not sick. The most common diseases in puppies that are transmitted through breastfeeding are intestinal parasites that pass through the mother’s milk. This is one of the reasons why it is important to deworm a puppy from 15 days of age.
Remember, there is a difference between a hard swollen belly and a normal swollen belly. If the puppy has just eaten like humans, it will look bloated. But this bloating of the puppy is considered normal and healthy. If they have a hard stomach, you need to take action.
The dog’s belly is hard and vomiting
When your dog’s belly swells and they spit up at the same time, that is a sign that something is wrong. Like puppies, it is possible that the dog has an internal parasite infestation, such as tapeworms, roundworms, hookworms, etc.
While this is more common in puppies, it is possible that adults become infected with it. Coccidia is one example. In addition to a hard abdomen, symptoms such as blood in the stool, general weakness, loss of appetite and others may appear.
The dog’s abdomen is swollen and hard from gas
Dogs can suffer from gas, just like us. There are several reasons for this problem, especially:
- poor quality food;
- sudden changes in diet;
- swallowing without chewing;
- poor digestion;
- parasites / gastrointestinal problems.
Some dogs may be more prone to gas formation than others, and this does not pose a serious threat to their health. However, this will need to be determined by the veterinarian. The dog’s stomach will swell up without necessarily becoming hard. When it becomes hard and / or painful, that’s when bloating is expected.
Causes of a hard belly in dogs
A hard belly in dogs is usually caused by inflammation from some other cause. A hard belly often indicates the appearance of a serious pathology. This can be due to many things, such as:
- Tumors (cancerous or not)
- Ascites (fluid accumulation);
- Cushing’s syndrome;
- Volvulus of the stomach.
Whatever this underlying cause of your dog’s hard belly may be, a veterinarian should conduct an examination to continue with the correct treatment. They will also consider the context of the dog’s health. For example, a pregnant dog cries when you touch its belly. This is not normal and it may mean that there is a problem.
However, if the abdomen is hard, one of the most common causes is enlargement of the gastric vulva (GVD). This is more commonly known as stomach distortion in dogs or, more simply, bloating. This disorder is potentially life-threatening and requires veterinary intervention. This is considered an emergency and is characterized by one of two processes:
- Expansion of the stomach due to accumulation of gas and / or fluid;
- The stomach, already distended, twists and rotates as it is accessed. The spleen attached to the stomach also rotates.
Under any circumstances, neither the stomach, nor gas, nor liquid can leave the stomach. So, the dog will not be able to burp to relieve this pressure. The abdomen is swollen, as due to these accumulations the stomach becomes so swollen.
Blood circulation is also impaired, so that necrosis (involuntary cell death) occurs in the walls of the dog’s abdomen. This case can be further aggravated by perforation, peritonitis, circulatory shock, and the like. This is why bringing a dog with a hard belly to the vet is so important, particularly since the death rate is high.
What to do if your dog’s belly is hard
Since most of the causes of a hard belly in dogs are serious, you should see your veterinarian as soon as possible. If the underlying cause of abdominal edema is not treated in time, it can lead to the death of the animal.
Treatment for a hard belly will depend on the cause. For example, volvulus is not the same as simple gas. In addition to visiting the vet, it is important to consider your dog’s diet and make sure they follow the most appropriate recommendations for their specific nutritional needs. With any dog, we need to provide sufficient food quality.
It is also very important to check if the dog is properly dewormed and vaccinated. However, none of these are viable alternatives to getting a diagnosis from a veterinarian.
The main points for the prevention of increased gas production, according to veterinarians, are as follows:
- The animal’s diet should be based on high quality industrial feed.
- Active physical activities with a pet immediately after a meal are prohibited. The dog should be fed after a walk, at least 3 times a day.
- The introduction of a new feed or ingredient should be done gradually.
- If the dog has an increased appetite, then in order to avoid rapid swallowing of food, it is necessary to purchase special maze feeders.
We recommend reading about peritonitis in dogs. From the article you will learn about the causes and signs of the development of peritonitis in a dog, diagnosis, treatment and care of a pet after surgery.
And here is more about why the dog does not eat.
Bloating and gas is common in dogs. Pets of large and giant breeds are most susceptible to acute expansion of the stomach. The owner should understand that an increase in the abdomen in volume may be the result of not only increased gas production, but also such dangerous diseases as pyometra, ascites, peritonitis.
A timely visit to a veterinarian will help not only alleviate the suffering of the animal, but in some cases will also save lives.
What to feed the animal
It is impossible to eliminate bloating caused by alimentary causes without adjusting the diet. First of all, feeds that cause fermentation should be excluded. whole milk, food from the table, bran, vegetables. Veterinarians unanimously recommend feeding a dog with a bloated abdomen with premium and super-premium industrial foods.
Ready-made formulations are not only balanced in nutrients, vitamins and minerals, but also do not contain components that cause fermentation in the digestive tube.
It should be noted that when a pathology is detected, the animal is kept on an 8-12 hour starvation diet and only then they begin to feed in fractional portions.
How to treat bloating in a dog
In the treatment of bloating in a dog, the root cause of the disease is of no small importance. In a situation where the cause of the pathology is a volvulus of the stomach or a rupture of the organ wall, only emergency surgery can help the animal. You cannot do without surgery even if the increase in the volume of the abdomen is a consequence of the development of purulent inflammation of the uterus, peritonitis.
Having found ascites in the dog, the veterinarian, under the control of an ultrasound machine, will pump out the exudate from the abdominal cavity. In the future, the pet should be carefully examined and the cause of the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity should be identified.
In the presence of helminthic invasion, which is the cause of flatulence in a pet, they are treated against worms.
In acute cases, when the stomach is dilated, a food tube is placed in the dog to remove gas. A puncture with a special instrument (trocar) of the abdominal wall is also used. Pain syndrome is relieved by antispasmodics and analgesics. In case of rupture of the stomach wall, an emergency operation is performed.
Causes of bloating in a dog and how to relieve an animal
An enlarged peritoneum in a dog can be:
- as a result of errors in feeding (a large amount of sweets, food with “fast” carbohydrates. flour and loaf of baked goods, also provoke cabbage, legumes, whole milk, fresh fruit, a sharp transition from one feed to another);
- due to vigorous exercise after meals;
- as a consequence of serious pathologies. dropsy of the abdominal cavity, helminthiasis, pyometra, ascites, peritonitis, volvulus of the stomach or rupture of the organ wall.
Signs of bloating: the volume of the abdomen increases sharply, with an acute expansion, the dog cannot move, the animal may be anxious or, conversely, be in a lethargic, apathetic state, in severe cases, a stupor develops due to poisoning with toxic products and severe pain, increased fermentation is accompanied by flatulence, in the pet’s abdomen rumbling, vomiting and diarrhea appear.
At home, to confirm bloating, you should take measurements with a centimeter ruler (but you need to know the parameters in a healthy state). The veterinarian will conduct a comprehensive examination, which includes ultrasound, according to the indications of an X-ray of the abdominal cavity, if worms are suspected, a scatological examination.
You can independently give the dog Enterosgel, Espumisan, Maalox, Smecta. Vaseline oil, Duphalac are used only on the recommendation of a veterinarian for gentle bowel cleansing. From traditional medicine, dill water gives a good therapeutic effect for flatulence.
If the cause is volvulus or rupture of the walls of an organ, only emergency surgery will help. With purulent inflammation of the uterus, peritonitis can not do without it either. Ascites requires pumping out fluid and identifying the root cause of its appearance. With worms, drugs are prescribed depending on the type of parasites identified.
In acute cases, a food probe is placed to remove gases. A puncture of the abdominal wall with a trocar is also used. Pain syndrome is eliminated by antispasmodics and analgesics.
If a pathology is detected, the animal is kept on an 8-12 hour fasting diet and only then they begin to feed in fractional portions. Feeds that provoke fermentation and bloating are necessarily excluded. After that it is recommended to switch to premium and super-premium feed.
Why My Dog Has a Hard And Swollen Belly
For more information on what can provoke bloating in a dog, as well as ways to get rid of it and preventive measures, read our article.
Signs of imbalance
Pathology, accompanied by increased gas production in the intestine and bloating, can occur in an acute and chronic form. The chronic course in most cases is due to errors in feeding, helminthiases. The greatest danger to the life of a pet is the acute course of the disease.
Veterinarians recommend paying attention to the following symptoms that indicate the development of digestive problems:
- The volume of the abdomen increases dramatically. With acute enlargement, the dog cannot walk.
- The animal may be worried, or vice versa, be in a lethargic, apathetic state. In severe cases, the dog develops a stupor due to poisoning with toxic products and severe pain.
- Intense fermentation is accompanied by flatulence.
- A rumbling is heard in the pet’s belly.
- Vomiting and diarrhea often accompany acute expansion of the stomach under the influence of accumulated gases.
In the case of a chronic course of pathology, the symptoms are not pronounced.
Top Causes of Bloating in Dogs
The owner often encounters an increase in the peritoneum of a four-legged pet in volume. In most cases, the symptom is associated with feeding errors. However, the cause of bloating in a dog can be more serious pathologies. dropsy of the abdominal cavity, helminthiasis, pyometra, ascites, peritonitis. It is important for the owner to recognize the cause of the pathology in a timely manner and take appropriate measures.
The digestive system of predators, including domestic dogs, is not genetically adapted to consume large amounts of carbohydrate foods. In this regard, violation of the principle of rational nutrition of a pet is the main reason for increased gas production. If the household pampers the dog with sweets, foods related to the so-called “fast” carbohydrates, then sooner or later bloating occurs.
Carbohydrate foods cause the body to spend more time digesting it than breaking down protein ingredients. Such a violation is accompanied by the accumulation of bacteria, the main food of which is monosaccharides. This leads to the formation of a large amount of gas in the stomach and intestinal tube.
Foods that cause bloating and gas production include, first of all, sweets, flour and baked goods, as well as vegetables such as cabbage and legumes. Dairy products, especially whole milk, are also capable of causing fermentation in the intestines. When feeding your pet fresh fruits, you should also be aware that many of them (apples, pears, grapes, peaches) cause bloating.
A sharp transition from one feed to another can also provoke a problem. The body does not have time to adapt, a failure in the production of digestive enzymes leads to increased gas production.
Bloat in Dogs: Signs to Watch For, What To Do
Experienced dog breeders and breeders note that the ailment can manifest itself in a four-legged pet if the owner carries out active training immediately after feeding. Exercise after a meal can lead to increased gas production due to digestive dysfunction.
We recommend reading about gastritis in dogs. From the article you will learn about the causes and symptoms of gastritis in dogs, the classification of the disease, methods of diagnosis and treatment.
And here is more about the symptoms and diagnosis of cholecystitis in dogs.
What to give at home
If the veterinarian has ruled out the cause of the pathology that is life-threatening to the pet, the owner can give the dog sorbents, for example, Enterosgel, Espumisan, Maalox, Smektu, to reduce cramps and gas formation to the sick pet to reduce cramps and gas formation.
In some cases, laxatives, and even more so an enema, can aggravate the condition of a fluffy patient. Therefore, vaseline oil, Duphalac are used only on the recommendation of a veterinarian for gentle bowel cleansing.
From traditional medicine, dill water gives a good therapeutic effect for flatulence.
For information on how to apply Smecta for a pet, see this
With a tendency to ailment, the owner should take a control measurement of the widest part of the pet’s peritoneum. This can be done more conveniently with a measuring tape. The measurement is carried out in the healthy state of the animal. Knowing the approximate parameters of your pet, it will not be difficult for the owner to identify bloating and seek qualified help.
In a specialized institution to determine the root cause of the pathology, the animal will undergo a comprehensive examination. Ultrasound diagnostics will allow to exclude diseases accompanied by bloating, such as pyometra, peritonitis, ascites. Without fail, exclude such a dangerous pathology as gastric volvulus.
In some cases, a veterinary specialist uses a general X-ray examination of the abdominal cavity for diagnostic purposes. Scatological examination for the presence of parasite eggs will help to identify helminthiasis in a four-legged patient.
Symptoms of bloating
Most often, bloating is not an independent disease, but only a symptom of other, more serious diseases of the digestive system.
Excessive gas formation in the intestines is possible with chronic pancreatitis, a disease in which the body lacks enzymes produced by the pancreas. In this case, bloating usually occurs after a meal, regardless of its composition.
Also, flatulence can be caused by irritable bowel syndrome. In this case, the motor function of the anatomically healthy intestine is impaired, and bloating is accompanied by abdominal pain, and in some cases also diarrhea or constipation.
Bloating can be caused by intestinal obstruction caused by a tumor or polyps. In this case, the passage of gases from the intestines is difficult and leads to flatulence.
Excessive gas formation can be a consequence of intestinal dysbiosis. Due to a decrease in the protective properties of the body in the large intestine, a violation of the microflora occurs. Harmful microbes that enter there produce gases in large quantities (mainly ammonia, methane and hydrogen sulfide). This process leads to bloating, accompanied by a fetid odor.
Also, flatulence often accompanies individual lactose intolerance. a condition in which the body lacks enzymes that allow a person to assimilate dairy products.
Bloating and abdominal pain. The pain is usually short-lived but painful. The unpleasant sensations disappear when the gas passes through the intestines. Pain can occur at various points in the abdominal cavity and, passing through the intestines, change location. If you feel prolonged and intense pain for a long time, then this may be a signal that the cause is not bloating, but some more serious illness.
Causes of bloating
Causes and symptoms of bloating
The article was prepared by a specialist for informational purposes only. We urge you not to self-medicate. When the first symptoms appear. see a doctor.
What to do with bloating?
One day after bloating, the intestines should be allowed to rest. You should only eat boiled rice and wash it down with herbal teas. Subsequently, you should reconsider your diet. From meat, you should give preference to chicken, turkey and veal, from cereals. rice. Milk should be replaced with fermented milk products (cheese, yoghurts). You need to drink teas from mint, St. John’s wort and chamomile. It is good to add spices and herbs that reduce gas formation to dishes: ginger, cumin, cardamom, parsley, dill, fennel.
To understand which specific foods cause bloating, you should focus on your feelings. Track the sensations that you experience while taking this or that product, and draw conclusions. Medical intervention, in most cases, is limited to the intake of enzyme preparations. And if you suspect an infection or bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract, antibiotics are prescribed.
What is bloating?
Bloating (flatulence) is the accumulation of gas in the intestines due to indigestion. This process is most often accompanied by bloating, an increase in the abdomen in volume and an unpleasant feeling of fullness from the inside.
Without a doubt, we all, to one degree or another, have experienced this on ourselves and we know very well what inconvenience this ailment can cause. Gas-filled intestines create a feeling of a full stomach, and the colic caused by this is a lot of trouble, making us feel uncomfortable.
Flatulence also occurs in healthy people, but most often it serves as a manifestation of other, more serious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Gases in the intestines can accumulate with pathologies such as:
chronic pancreatitis. the body lacks enzymes produced by the pancreas and as a result, bloating appears after eating any type of food.
irritable bowel syndrome. there is a violation of the motor function of the intestine, bloating in this case is accompanied by pain,
dysbiosis. the balance of microflora is disturbed, and harmful microorganisms begin to produce gases (methane, hydrogen sulfide, ammonia),
lactose intolerance. the body of adults often lacks enzymes that promote the absorption of lactose (milk sugar),
intestinal obstruction. passing gas can be difficult due to the development of a tumor or polyps.
It is possible to get rid of bloating for a while at home, but it is better to find the root cause of the disease together with a doctor. Remember that traditional medicine is not a substitute for basic therapy, but just an addition to it.
Nutrition as the main cause of bloating
Very often, excessive consumption of various kinds of carbonated drinks leads to an excessive accumulation of gas in the esophagus. Usually, such bloating passes without causing any particular inconvenience, since gases in a healthy person are quickly absorbed by the intestinal walls or are excreted physiologically.
It is also possible for air to enter the stomach in large portions during meals. Therefore, one should not rush to absorb food.
Remember that some foods eaten in large quantities cause a fermentation reaction and, as a result, gas formation. To avoid unwanted effects, you should moderate the consumption of sweets and muffins, black loaf, beans, potatoes and other foods containing large amounts of easily digestible carbohydrates, fiber or starch.
Another cause of gas build-up is mixing foods that need to be eaten separately. This is especially true for fruits that need to be eaten either one hour before the main meal, or not earlier than 2 hours after eating.
Sometimes the cause of bloating can be an attempt to get rid of heartburn by drinking soda, as it neutralizes the acidic environment of gastric juice and provokes increased gas production.
Bloating. it is also the main symptom of a rare disease such as celiac disease. According to statistics, in Russia 1 person out of 1000 has celiac disease. In celiac disease, gluten is not completely broken down, forming toxic substances that damage the inner surface of the intestine. It is treated exclusively with a gluten-free diet, or the constant intake of enzymatic drugs that will help break down gluten.
Bloating after eating
In most cases, flatulence is associated with poor diet. In a healthy person, bloating can be caused by accidentally swallowing a large portion of air with food, or by drinking heavily carbonated drinks. Also, unpleasant sensations can arise if this or that food is poorly absorbed by the body. Therefore, instead of being digested, it begins to form gases.
Dairy foods can be another cause of bloating. For the digestion of this kind of food, the enzyme lactose is needed. Milk and similar products can cause discomfort if not in sufficient quantities. Coarse fiber or starch products, such as seeds, cabbage, potatoes, nuts, and oats, may also be the cause. If flatulence occurs frequently, such products should be excluded. And, in the case of their use, it should be remembered that this kind of food must be chewed very carefully, otherwise discomfort may arise.
Other Causes of Bloating in Dogs
The first thing that the veterinarian will ask when complaining of bloating is how long have the worms been “driven”? As a preventive measure, dogs are supposed to be dewormed every 3 months, if the procedure is missed or the pet is taken from the street. worms are guaranteed to be damaged! Within 8-12 months, the parasites grow and multiply, curling up into a ball, which is constantly increasing in size. “Concubines” stretch the walls of the peritoneum, which visually looks like bloating, especially in small dogs.
Purulent inflammation of the uterus of unsterilized animals. During “empty” heat, the cervix opens slightly, which can serve as an “entry ticket” for infection. In addition, regular hormonal disruptions weaken the immune system. As a result, in the uterine cavity, the inflammatory process begins and the formation of pus.
Exudate, over time, completely fills the uterus, stretching its walls, leaks from the loop. Bloating in small-breed dogs or a bulging “hematoma” in large dogs, elevated body temperature, uncontrolled water intake and purulent discharge from the genitals indicate pyometra. Treatment most often involves removing the uterus.
Bloating, in the classic sense
Dogs, by their nature, are predators and flour, sweet and other foods containing “fast” carbohydrates are alien to their digestion. By pampering your pet with a slice of pizza or bun, you interfere with the “normal” metabolism. All foods, including vegetables, which provide “fast energy”, induce the fermentation process.
The bacteria that ferment love sugar. Eating carbohydrates, microorganisms release gas, which collects in bubbles and rises. The longer food is digested, the more gas accumulates in the cavity of the stomach and intestines. A strong dog that has eaten a little “harm” gets rid of the trouble naturally. through the anus.
Need to know! In medicine and veterinary medicine, the process of removing gases from the intestine is called flatulence.
What if the dog is constantly “puffy”? At the initial stage, you can help the pet yourself. Your goals:
- Reduce the pressure of gases on the abdominal wall. we give children’s drugs for bloating (Espumisan and analogues).
- To activate the intestinal microflora. Hilak Forte or an analogue. At the rate of 5 drops per 5 kg of weight.
- Remove puffiness and irritation. Smecta, Enterosgel.
- Gently cleanse the intestines. Duphalac or equivalent.
Note! If you have the opportunity to purchase special veterinary drugs for bloating or show your dog to a doctor. use it! The instructions described above apply to situations where there are no alternatives.
Did it help? Well! Reconsider the dog’s diet again, eliminate the product that did not fit the pet by elimination. If your dog’s symptoms of bloating get worse:
- Profuse drooling appeared.
- The belly is puffed up strongly, the dog strains its hind legs, whines.
- Unsuccessful vomiting is observed. If the dog starts vomiting. watch, to prevent dehydration, drink Rehydron. The pet pulled out 1-2 times and it became easier. the body itself found a way out of the situation. Vomiting repeated more than 4 times a day, the masses have a strong putrid odor, yellow color or foam strongly. to the veterinarian!
You have failed to reduce or relieve bloating in your dog within 24 hours, which means you can’t wait any longer. Stretching, the stomach and intestines displace the ligaments that fix the internal organs. Going out for a walk, jumping off the couch, climbing the stairs, the dog can provoke a change in the position of the stomach or intestines in the abdominal cavity. volvulus.
Important! Volvulus of the intestines or stomach is an acute condition requiring urgent surgical intervention!
Causes and Ways to Eliminate Bloating in Dogs
Endless dysbacteriosis and bloating have become everyday human companions. Recently, the uncomfortable ailment has become a popular diagnosis among smaller brothers. Bloating in a dog is a multifaceted symptom that indicates an inappropriate diet at best, an incurable disease at worst.
Acute inflammatory process, accompanied by the release of fluid, blood or pus into the abdominal cavity. The reasons are so varied that it is impossible to list them completely. from trauma to exacerbation of a “hidden” chronic disease. Do not try to guess how to treat peritonitis, especially do not diagnose yourself! The dog has a chance to survive, with a comprehensive examination and timely professional assistance.
Not a disease, but a consequence. fluid constantly accumulates in the abdominal cavity of the animal. an effusion from the surrounding tissues. A dog chronically suffering from diseases of the heart, kidneys, lungs, liver, any system or organ, eventually “comes” to ascites or death. The root cause of ascites is difficult to identify, years pass before its appearance, and at the time of detection, the heart, liver and kidneys are “worn out” to an extreme degree.
often than not, the owner is encouraged to consider the option of euthanasia. The second option prolongs the life of the pet, but requires lifelong home treatment and regular visits to the veterinarian. Fluid is pumped out of the abdominal cavity of the dog and complex supportive therapy is performed. Depending on the efficiency of the heart, with enhanced treatment, the dog can live 2-12 months, cases of remission are practically not encountered.
What is flatulence
A dog will be sad if his digestion is not working properly.
This is a condition in which there is an excessive formation and accumulation of gases in the dog’s stomach, in the intestines. Hosts should understand that this is not an independent disease, but one of the clinical signs of deterioration in the functions of the digestive system. Excess gas is most often diagnosed in the small intestine. It may be accompanied by the following symptoms:
- the stomach is swollen;
- constipation, diarrhea develops;
- due to pain, the animal does not allow touching the abdomen;
- the dog eats poorly, or completely refuses to feed.
You can read in detail about other reasons for the development of constipation in the article “What to do with constipation in a dog. first aid. Causes of constipation “.
This clinical picture is not often observed, but the severity of the situation should not be underestimated. It may indicate the development of conditions that are dangerous to health. The dog needs to be shown to the veterinarian to find out the causes of flatulence.
Where do dog gut gases come from?
In a healthy dog, only beneficial bacteria live in the intestines. Without them, the process of digesting food is impossible. They extract useful components from it, which are absorbed into the bloodstream and carried to every cell of the body. Another task of bacteria is “cleaning”, that is, processing food leftovers to such a consistency that the intestines can empty without problems.
The healthy life of bacteria is always gas formation. Excess gases are removed naturally. Simply put, the dog farts. Sometimes there may be belching as well. If these “antisocial” phenomena are observed infrequently, are associated with gluttony, are not accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea and other symptoms of malaise, do not worry. Just remove from the dog’s diet anything that causes rumbling, gas emission. What to do if the dog’s stomach growls constantly? In this case, you cannot do without veterinary assistance. The animal needs to be examined, as this symptom may indicate the development of a dangerous condition. flatulence.
Treatment of flatulence
When a dog’s stomach growls, what to do the veterinarian can say only after finding out the causes of flatulence. If this is a banal gluttony or unsuitable food, you just need to change the diet, feeding regimen. If bloating is caused by worms, give anthelmintics.
It is more difficult when the cause of excessive accumulation of gases is a violation of the functions of the stomach and intestines. In this case, the emphasis is on the treatment of the underlying pathology. To alleviate the condition of the dog, symptomatic therapy is prescribed:
- Absorbents (enterosgel, activated carbon and the like) and carminative agents (simethicone and analogues). absorb gases, facilitate their exit from the gastrointestinal tract.
- Enzyme preparations. replenish the deficiency of beneficial bacteria in the intestine.
- Medicines that improve peristalsis (Motilium, Motilak, Exportal and others).
- Antispasmodics (No-Shpa, Drotaverina hydrochloride). effectively relieve gastrointestinal colic.
- Sometimes antibiotics are prescribed. when increased gas production is caused by the vital activity of pathogenic microorganisms.
The veterinarian tells in detail about the worms.
Next, the diet, diet of the dog will be analyzed and the following studies will be assigned:
- general blood test, blood for biochemistry;
- examination of urine, stool;
- Ultrasound of the abdomen;
- if necessary, colonoscopy, gastroscopy. studies are carried out under general anesthesia.
What can cause flatulence
The most harmless reason is the food that is not suitable for the dog’s body. Dogs are predators by nature, their digestive tract is adapted to process raw meat and bones. Digestion of the dog “badly” perceives various human foods, which contain “fast carbohydrates”. Most of them are in baked goods, sweets and other sweets. The cause of flatulence can also be the introduction into the diet of a large amount of vegetables and cereals with a large percentage of starches. legumes, rice, corn, buckwheat, potatoes.
The dog’s stomach growls. What to do, how to help an animal?
Digestive problems are a scourge of modern society. Constant constipation, bloating, flatulence strongly suggests that it is time to change your taste preferences. And this applies not only to people. In dogs, gastric and intestinal dysfunction due to improper feeding is becoming more and more common. One of the main symptoms of such “problems” is a loud, repetitive rumbling. We will tell you what to do if your dog’s stomach growls. Actions will depend on the reasons for the development of this unpleasant phenomenon.
The dog’s stomach growls when it swallows a lot of air while eating.
- severe hunger. the dog swallows pieces of food very quickly;
- incorrectly (low) set bowl.
To exclude this reason. feed the dog according to the schedule from the bowl set on a special stand. The height of the stand is selected depending on the size of the animal. consult your veterinarian.