Treating a dog with a high fever
Pet owners should make sure that the high fever in the dog is not caused by any natural causes before taking action.
If a high fever in a dog is not the only alarming symptom and is accompanied by other dangerous clinical signs, you should not self-medicate and try to eliminate the fever yourself. In such situations, the likelihood that the animal is seriously ill is extremely high, and it must be urgently taken to an appointment with the veterinarian.
The main task of a specialist in this case is to determine the factor that caused the fever and to eliminate it. As for symptomatic treatment, almost always at a high temperature, the specialist prescribes the so-called infusion therapy to the patient, which involves the restoration of normal fluid metabolism, and also recommends the necessary antipyretic drugs for use.
If the condition of the dog causes serious concern, it is possible that the animal will need to be placed in a hospital. In a clinic, the pet will be able to receive proper care. A team of specialists will be able to control and maintain the functionality of all vital systems of the body and internal organs.
The dog has a high fever, how to diagnose the problem?
If you have the opportunity to visit a veterinarian as soon as possible. by all means do it. The problem in the case of a high temperature in a dog is mainly not even in the symptom itself, but in the fact that this clinical sign is probably caused by an illness or a serious disruption in the functioning of the body. This, in turn, means that only a specialist can diagnose the disease, who usually combines differential measures and symptomatic treatment.
There are often cases when a simple, albeit thorough, clinical examination of a patient is not enough for a doctor to make a diagnosis. In such situations, a number of analyzes and studies are carried out, including an analysis of urine and blood of an animal, ultrasound, X-ray, as well as studies of hormonal levels.
There are often cases when a veterinarian requires advice from doctors specializing in certain types of diseases, for example, an allergist or an oncologist.
High fever in a dog
Temperature is an extremely important indicator of a dog’s health. Animal owners should be aware that normal temperature readings in these mammals are significantly higher than in humans. Normally, the average temperature in a healthy animal should range from 37 to 38.5 degrees Celsius. If it is a puppy, its temperature may be slightly higher, usually by about 0.5 degrees. However, what temperature is considered normal often depends on the weight, age and breed of the dog. Small dogs often have higher temperatures than large breeds.
In order to understand how and why the body temperature rises in dogs, it is necessary to know the peculiarities of the mechanism of the processes of receiving and further release of heat. In a normal state, the pet’s body is able to receive a certain amount of heat, and give the same amount to the environment. If the body receives more heat than it is able to give, the dog develops a fever, which is a dangerous and serious symptom of various disorders in the animal’s body.
Possible causes of high fever in dogs
Any violation of heat exchange in the animal’s body can be triggered by both separate factors, including:
- Heatstroke. As a result of such an incident, there is a strong overheating of the pet’s body. Thus, the amount of heat received from the external environment is much greater than the amount of heat that the animal’s body can give up. Such an imbalance can lead to extreme heat and a rise in temperature up to forty-one degrees, which is a direct threat to the life of the dog.
- Mobilization of the body’s immunity. This reaction is due to the fact that the body is trying to protect itself and adapt to new adverse circumstances. This “behavior” is commonly referred to as fever. However, such a reaction can also be caused by a non-infectious disease or by surgery.
- Childbirth at the female. After them, the temperature of the animal can reach thirty-nine degrees. This reaction is most likely to occur if the dog is producing large amounts of milk. However, crossing the forty-degree line becomes a cause for concern and requires immediate specialist intervention. That is why the temperature of the female after giving birth should be measured regularly.
- Stress. This factor is often ignored by dog owners, because people do not consider such stress to be a serious threat to the health of the animal. However, a severe shock can cause a short rise in temperature. Such a reaction may occur due to a sudden change of scenery, moving, change or separation from the owner, too much physical stress, participation in an exhibition or a simple visit to a veterinarian.
- The puppy has cutting teeth. In this case, the high temperature is not a cause for concern and usually goes away on its own.
So, depending on what additional symptoms accompany an increase in temperature, the cause can be a variety of diseases, among which the most popular ones can be distinguished:
- Injuries, inflammation and abscesses.
- Allergic reaction. Any allergen can cause a similar response from the body. Some of the most common irritants are intolerable foods and environmental components. However, a certain drug can provoke a protective reaction to an allergen.
- Tumors and oncological diseases.
- Hepatitis caused by adenovirus type I. This disease has nothing to do with human, but it is very dangerous for the dog itself. Has a number of other symptoms to consider.
- With infectious tracheobronchitis, the temperature of the dog can rise to 39 degrees.
- Poisoning due to the bite of a poisonous insect or snake.
- Infection caused by parasitic infestation, virus or other microorganisms.
Symptoms accompanying high fever in dogs
Fever is rarely a solitary symptom. It is usually accompanied by a number of clinical signs, which may include:
If the temperature is very high, above forty. forty-one degrees, the animal should be shown to a specialist as soon as possible. In this case, the owners of the dog should be aware that such an increase in body temperature, in addition to the above symptoms, usually causes a serious loss of fluid, as well as an increase in heart rate and respiration.
If the temperature reaches forty-one degrees, changes in the body can become irreversible. In such cases, there is a high probability of dehydration, the occurrence of cerebral edema, and functional impairment of the vital organs of the internal organs. These changes are usually accompanied by fainting, wheezing, seizures, loss of coordination, discoloration of the mucous membranes, decreased urination, increased heart rate, and hemorrhages, both internal and external. Any of the above symptoms can lead to serious consequences, up to and including death.
How to bring down a high fever in a dog on your own?
Despite the fact that in the event of extreme heat, the self-activity of the owners can become destructive, there are cases when the temperature rises so quickly that the dog owners have to knock down the heat on their own, without waiting for the arrival of a specialist or a trip to the doctor. You should be aware that when taking any measures, you must try not to harm the pet and not aggravate the situation.
You can try to bring down the temperature with the help of not too serious drugs, such as the well-known analgin. Do not use antibiotics or strong medications.
Another alternative in the fight against heat is a proven method: the pet owner should put ice on the hips and neck of the animal, or simply wet the hairline with ice water. The same water can be used to water a dog. however, portions should be kept to a minimum.
Diseases that can cause hyperthermia
Also, hyperthermia can begin due to heatstroke or intolerance to drugs that the owner gave the dog.
In addition, we must not forget that many conditions of the body are accompanied by an increase in body temperature. This is, for example, the period after surgery, during pregnancy and during large, prolonged exertion. In this case, if there are no special appointments of the veterinarian, you can do with non-drug means and most likely the hyperthermia will quickly pass.
Symptoms of high fever in dogs
In order to find out the temperature of an animal, it is enough to measure it with a thermometer. But the device may not always be at hand, then you need to pay attention to external signs.
How to take a dog’s temperature
Temperature in dogs is measured rectally using a thermometer. It is better to use an electronic thermometer, but you can also use a mercury one.
- Treat the thermometer with a disinfectant.
- Lubricate the tip of the thermometer with petroleum jelly or a greasy, fragrance-free cream.
- Secure the animal so that it cannot sit down.
- Insert the thermometer into the dog’s anus 1.5 cm deep and hold for a few minutes.
After the measurement, calm your pet and treat it to a treat. The thermometer is then disinfected and put back in place.
How to understand and what to do if a dog has a fever, is it possible to give paracetamol or other pills
An increase in body temperature in an animal is a symptom that requires immediate consultation with a veterinarian. It is not recommended to knock it down on your own, as this can complicate the diagnosis. Hyperthermia is typical for many diseases, so the animal must be brought to the clinic as soon as possible for examination.
How to tell if a dog has a high fever
At elevated temperatures (hyperthermia), the animal often becomes hot to the touch, possibly reddening of the skin and dry mucous membranes. The pet can behave strangely: hide, walk from corner to corner, or cling too much to the owner. Hyperthermia is very dangerous and can lead to the death of a pet.
What temperature is critical for a dog
The dog’s body copes much better with low temperatures than with high temperatures. In extreme heat, irreversible changes occur in the brain and other organs of the animal. Temperatures above or around 42 degrees Celsius are considered critical.
- respiratory paralysis;
- acute honorary failure;
- intoxication of the body;
- heart failure;
- swelling of the brain;
Self-medication at high temperatures is unacceptable and can threaten the life of the animal.
How to bring down a dog’s temperature
First of all, you need to suppress the natural urge to give the dog the drugs that are familiar to humans. It is not recommended to treat hyperthermia on your own at home.
The veterinarian, after diagnosis and if necessary, prescribes antipyretic drugs, as well as analgesics or antihistamines. During the examination, the doctor may recommend taking tests or undergoing additional examination.
Until the animal is taken to the clinic, the owner can apply ice packs through the tissue to the neck, as large blood vessels pass through there. In fluffy breeds, it is advisable to cut off excess hair. Also, the animal can be seated near a fan or air conditioner.
The only medication that you can apply yourself is paracetamol. However, keep in mind that you cannot give it thoughtlessly. It is necessary to accurately calculate the dosage. One tablet is required for a dog weighing 40 kilograms. Thus, if you have a light Chihuahua or Toy Terrier, divide the tablet into 10 parts, and if you have a heavy Basset Hound or French Bulldog, then into about 3-4 parts.
- dry nose;
- hot ears;
- grinding of teeth;
- small tremors all over the body;
- rapid breathing;
- unnatural behavior: the dog hides behind the sofa or, on the contrary, is afraid to move away from the owner;
- refusal to eat;
- redness of the skin;
- general sluggishness.
However, these symptoms should not be considered unambiguous signs of hyperthermia in an animal. For example, a dry nose is common in dogs after sleep, and teeth grinding can be a response to severe stress.
At high temperatures, one or more of the above symptoms may occur. If the dog starts having seizures, then you need to go to the doctor immediately, she needs emergency help.
What is the normal temperature in dogs??
A healthy animal has readings between 37.5 and 39 degrees, but these can vary from various factors. Below is the temperature norm for different breeds of animals:
- Small breed puppies 38.6-39.3, adults from 38.5-39.0.
- Medium breed puppies 38.3-39.1, adults 37.5-39.0.
- Large breed puppies 38.2-39.0, adults 37.4-38.3.
A factor such as a thermometer is influenced by the season, if it is hot outside, then an increase of 0.5-1 degrees is possible.
In a pregnant dog, you need to regularly measure the temperature, because you can determine the approach of childbirth using this indicator, it decreases to 1.5 degrees.
What to do if your dog has a fever?
If an animal has a temperature rise of up to 40 degrees, then first of all you need to remember what events happened to him the day before. Maybe he was experiencing some kind of stress, maybe it was a trip on public transport or a visit to the veterinary clinic. But in any case, when observing a fever in a pet, a visit to the veterinarian is necessary in order to start treatment as soon as possible. When the animal has a high temperature, it is necessary to bring it down faster. In order to bring down the fever in your pet as quickly as possible, you need to do the following activities:
- Put ice on the neck and thighs of the animal.
- The pet’s coat must be moistened with cold water.
- Give small portions of water to the dog.
- Open vents with the pet lying on the floor help to bring down the heat in the animal a little.
- You can try to bring down the fever with wet and cool towel wraps. Reducing heat is especially good with the help of water vapor from the forehead, neck and inner thighs.
- When the dog has a high fever, and a visit to the veterinarian is impossible, then you can give your pet Nurofen or Paracetamol. But you do not need to abuse this method, because a pet’s fever can be the cause of a rather serious illness.
- When an animal has a fever as a result of a reaction to teeth, you can knock it down at home by mixing ampoules: diphenhydramine, no-shpy, analgin. If the injection does not work, then you can try to drink it through the mouth.
It is not necessary to give antipyretic drugs without consulting a veterinarian, as they can be more harm than good.
What Happens to a Dog When He Gets Fever?
When a pet has a fever, its body undergoes major changes, which include:
- If the rise is above 40.5 degrees, then dehydration occurs, the pet has a decreased appetite, the heart rate increases, lethargy and apathy appear.
- Especially serious changes occur in the body when the rise is over 41.1 degrees. At this time, the dog’s fluid loss approaches critical levels, in connection with which cerebral edema and disturbances in the functioning of internal organs appear. The pet has a rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, wheezing, loss of consciousness, convulsions, impaired motor processes, urine outflow worsens, which leads to poisoning of the body, hemorrhage. All these changes can lead to the rapid death of the dog.
Do dogs always have the same temperature readings??
Not all dogs have the same thermometer readings as the norm, it depends on which breed the animal belongs to. Small breed puppies or adults have higher rates than large breed animals. This factor is influenced by the intensity of metabolism.
When an animal is under stress, such as a visit to a veterinary clinic or a show, it can lead to a more agitated state, these rates increase. A high temperature in pets is also observed during estrus, in heat, after prolonged exertion. The body temperature of each particular pet is individual, so it is better for the owner to know what temperature is considered normal and will not cause concern for the pet’s condition.
How to lower your dog’s temperature?
The temperature of a dog is one of the most important indicators of a pet’s health, it is she who will tell the owner if something is wrong with the pet. Any owner should be guided in such matters as the normal readings of the thermometer, how to measure the temperature of the pet, and what to do if he has a fever. It is to these questions that we will give quite comprehensive answers in our article.
How to measure your dog’s temperature?
Some owners believe that it is possible to determine a fever in a dog by a dry nose, but this is a myth. A dry and warm nose is not an indicator of a pet’s ill health and a reason to visit a veterinarian. Measurements are best done with an electronic thermometer, because it is safer to use. The animal must have a separate thermometer, it does not need to be used for humans.
Before taking measurements, it is better to grease the tip of the thermometer with petroleum jelly. Measurements should be carried out rectally, so it is necessary to calm the animal, talk to him affectionately, and treat him with yummy food. When measurements are taken for the first time, it is best to take them with the dog lying on its side. The thermometer is inserted into the anus of the animal, a calm atmosphere should reign around, it is better to hold the pet so that it does not harm itself. After this procedure is over, you need to disinfect the thermometer and reward the animal with some delicacy.
If the dog is looking for the coolest place in the house, then you need to pay attention to this, maybe he has a fever? You need to try to surround him with care and attention, rather to bring down the temperature, while it is important not to postpone a visit to the veterinarian. Only he will prescribe the right treatment.
When to worry?
The normal value for adults and young puppies is different. In dwarf breeds, it can be slightly increased, and this will not be considered a deviation. The temperature norm in dogs is presented in the table, which contains the average values for different age and size groups.
|Puppies of various breeds||Body temperature norm, in ⁰С|
|1. Puppies of large and giant breeds (Great Dane, St. Bernard, Caucasian and Central Asian Shepherd Dogs, etc.)||38.2. 39|
|2. Puppies of medium breeds (huskies, huskies, spaniels, etc.)||38.3. 39.1|
|3. Puppies of small breeds (Russian toy, pugs, miniature schnauzers, etc.)||38.5. 39.2|
|Adult animals of various breeds||Body temperature norm, in ⁰С|
|1. Large breeds||37.4. 38.3|
|2. Medium breeds||37.5. 39.0|
|3. Small breeds (normal temperature in dogs of small breeds, such as York, Shit-tsu, Papillon)||38.5. 39.0|
The body temperature of dogs is normal if it is within the range shown in the table. In addition, there are additional tolerances for different situations. Temperature in a dog: the norm can increase under stress (up to 0.3 ° C), on hot days, after intense training, during estrus. In bitches before giving birth, on the contrary, it decreases by 0.5-2⁰С.
Such changes do not indicate the presence of illness or malaise.
There is an opinion that the temperature can be determined by the nose, but this is a misconception. Sometimes hot ears and groin feel hot to the touch, but you cannot rely on these signs alone.
What is the temperature norm in dogs, how to measure it and what to do if it is elevated, knock it down?
Temperature is one of the main indicators of the well-being of both people and animals. Its increase or decrease indicates that something is wrong with the pet.
What is the normal temperature for a dog? How to measure it at home, and what to do if it is severely lowered or raised?
How to measure?
To carry out the measurement, a thermometer is used (mercury gives more accurate readings, but the electronic one shows the result faster). It is injected rectally (into the dog’s anus). Here is an algorithm on how to measure the temperature of a dog correctly:
- Calm the pet, lay him on his side, stroke his belly. The dog needs to relax.
- The tip of the thermometer is smeared with oily ointment (for this purpose, baby cream is usually used).
- The tail of the animal is raised, the thermometer is slowly introduced into the rectum (2-2.5 cm for large individuals, 1-1.5 cm for small ones).
- While the measurement is in progress, talk to your pet, stroke it, treat it with your favorite treat.
- After the end of the measurement (5 minutes for mercury thermometers, 30-40 seconds for electronic ones), carefully remove the thermometer, praise the animal, write down the data obtained. Wash the thermometer and hands with warm soapy water, if necessary, disinfect with an alcohol solution.
How to Tell If a Dog Has a Fever (Most Accurate Method)
Thanks to this algorithm, you can easily find out the state of your pet. Treat your dog gently and calmly, do not scare him.
The pet should know that measuring with a thermometer is a simple and painless procedure.
How to bring down the temperature?
What if your pet has a fever? If the value of the indicator is very high (above 40 ° C), the best solution would be to take the pet to a veterinary clinic.
Fever is especially dangerous for puppies. metabolic processes in their body are much faster.
What to do if a dog has a fever but veterinarian assistance is not available? If your pet has a high fever, follow these guidelines:
- moisten ears, groin and paw pads with cold water;
- you can put a wet towel on your head;
- move the dog to a cool place (on the tiles in the bathroom, on the balcony, etc.);
- give your pet cold fresh water;
- mix three drugs in a syringe: No-Shpu, Analgin and Diphenhydramine (check the dosage with the doctor by phone, it is calculated by the weight of the animal) and inject this mixture into the dog intramuscularly.
How to bring down a dog’s temperature and avoid severe dehydration? To do this, under the skin at the withers, use a syringe to inject saline (up to 50 ml for small dogs, up to 200 ml. for large dogs).
If the measures taken are not enough, try to call a specialist at home or take the pet to the veterinary clinic. A high rate is a sign of a disease, it can be a symptom of tick-borne piroplasmosis, viral enteritis, postpartum eclampsia or common poisoning.
If there are other symptoms (loose stools, discoloration or odor of urine, poor appetite, tremors in the body, etc.), be sure to tell your veterinarian about them.
How to raise the temperature?
If the indicator drops below 37-35⁰С, chills appear, then the pet needs to be warmed up. To do this, wrap the dog in a shawl or warm woolen blanket, put a heating pad or a bottle of hot water on the back and stomach (be sure to wrap it in a towel). An indicator of 32-28 ° C is considered critical (in this case, the pet should be immediately taken to the clinic).
Temperature is an important indicator by which you can recognize in time the onset of a disease to which a dog may be susceptible. But its increase does not always indicate the presence of an ailment.
If your dog has a high fever or hypothermia, contact your veterinarian as soon as possible.
Additionally, check out the video on what temperature should be in a dog and how to measure it:
Increased body temperature in a dog
Yunkina Anastasia Aleksandrovna therapist
An increase in body temperature in animals can only be judged by the readings of a thermometer. Therefore, every owner should be able to measure the body temperature of his pet.
Why does the temperature rise?
The mechanism of temperature increase is based on the imbalance between the process of heat generation, the so-called heat production, and the process of heat transfer. And this balance is disturbed under the influence of both external and internal factors. And there are a lot of such factors. For example:
- When the body overheats as a result of heatstroke, the flow of heat from the external environment significantly exceeds the body’s ability to give off heat. As a result, body temperature can reach a critical level of more than 41 ° C.
- With the introduction of pathogens of infectious diseases, the temperature rises as a result of the development of a protective and adaptive reaction of the body. This reaction is called “fever”. Many non-communicable and surgical diseases are also associated with fever.
- Under stress, a short-term increase in temperature occurs in a healthy animal. Major stressors for dogs. these are long journeys, change of home, long separation from the owner, physical overload, emotional overload, for example, an exhibition.
Separately, I would like to say about the visit to the veterinary clinic. For most dogs, this is the cause of the development of stress, and, consequently, an increase in body temperature. Therefore, the following situation often develops: the doctor, before being vaccinated, measures the patient’s body temperature, and it turns out to be elevated. Only healthy animals can be vaccinated. In this case, the doctor refuses to vaccinate your dog until the cause of the fever is found out. stress or illness.
If your pet is agitated, but felt good before, and there are no other signs of discomfort, the doctor will recommend that you re-measure the temperature after a while, when the dog gets used to the environment.
The dog’s body temperature is elevated. You have eliminated the development of stress. So this is a sign of illness.
What to do? If the body temperature is 39.5-40 ° C: carefully examine the dog, remember what happened to your pet over the past few days. You may be able to determine the cause of the rise in temperature or identify any signs of illness. In any case, it is necessary to show the dog to the doctor on the same day.
A significant increase in temperature, above 40-41 ° C, requires immediate medical attention and emergency care.
- An increase in body temperature above 40.5 ° C leads to a loss of fluid from the body, to a decrease or lack of appetite, general depression, accompanied by a rapid heartbeat and breathing
- A body temperature above 41.1 ° C leads to a critical loss of fluid from the body, can cause cerebral edema and serious disturbances in the work of internal organs, which are manifested by a rapid heartbeat and irregular heartbeats, severe shortness of breath, accompanied by wheezing, loss of consciousness, convulsions and impaired coordination of movements, diarrhea and vomiting, yellowing of the conjunctiva of the eyes and mucous membrane of the oral cavity, lack of urine and the appearance of the smell of acetone from the mouth, bleeding from the intestines and hemorrhages on the skin. Any of these complications can quickly lead to the death of the animal.
If the temperature rises above 41 ° C, you should try to bring it down:
It is necessary to put ice on the neck and inner thighs, if this is not possible. moisten the dog’s coat with cold water, provide cool water to drink in small portions. You should not self-administer antipyretic drugs at home, give pills. Some of these drugs can do more harm than good. It is best to limit yourself to physical cooling methods. It is important to get the animal to the doctor as soon as possible.!
The question often arises: go to the clinic or call a doctor at home?
Go to the clinic. An increase in body temperature is a nonspecific symptom of many diseases. Therefore, in animals with weakened vital functions, the diagnosis of the disease should be carried out against the background of supportive treatment. It is very important to make an accurate diagnosis of the underlying disease and to do it as quickly as possible. If, after a clinical examination of the patient, there is not enough information for making a diagnosis, additional studies will be prescribed, such as:
- laboratory tests of blood and urine
- infection test
- possibly measuring hormone levels
- X-ray and ultrasound.
It may also require consultation of narrow-profile specialists, for example, an endocrinologist, neuropathologist, oncologist, allergist. In parallel, the doctor will correct the condition of the animal, if necessary, will begin infusion therapy (“droppers”) to replenish the loss of fluid, will introduce antipyretic drugs in the required dose.
How to take your dog’s temperature!mp4
If the condition of the dog turns out to be critical, the doctor will strongly recommend that the patient be admitted to a hospital under the supervision of qualified personnel who monitor and maintain adequate functioning of the heart, lungs, kidneys and other internal organs around the clock.
When you detect a fever in your pet, remember how bad it gets for you when you get a cold, how exhausting the high temperature is. Your friend is experiencing the same feeling. Help him in difficult times.
What happens in a dog’s body at high temperatures?
Temperature 40.5 and above:
dehydration decreased appetite rapid heart rate apathy lethargy
Temperature 41.1 and higher:
critical dehydration possible disturbances in the work of internal organs and cerebral edema rapid heart rate shortness of breath convulsions wheezing loss of consciousness decreases motor activity worsens urine outflow
We are sure that your dog’s high fever will not scare you. And you will act quickly, decisively and correctly.
What to do if the temperature rises to 40?
It is urgent to call the veterinary clinic, tell the situation and ask which drug is better to bring down the high temperature.
If there is no way to get through to the doctor, then you can give the dog Paracetamol from the temperature. A large dog is given an adult dosage, a small one. exclusively for children. But keep in mind that unauthorized prescription of drugs from your first aid kit is extremely dangerous for dogs.
Give your dog cool water. Better in small portions, but often. If the animal refuses to drink, you can drink it with a tablespoon by opening your mouth gently and pouring water over the cheek.
Cover the sides and back with damp towels
Briefly apply ice wrapped in cloth to your paws and between your ears. For a little while!
Apply a damp towel to your inner thighs.
But, do not forget that only a doctor can solve the problem. Therefore, take the dog to the clinic immediately.
We have already said above that fever can be a symptom of a serious and dangerous illness, in which delay can cost the animal’s life.
Increased body temperature in a dog
An increased body temperature in a dog is a signal to the owner that urgent attention needs to be paid to the dog’s health. But first, let’s figure out what the normal temperature of a dog should be.
A healthy dog’s body temperature between 37.5 and 39 degrees is normal.
But, the indicators may differ slightly, depending on the size and age of the animal. For example, normal temperature in small breed dogs will be slightly higher than in large or medium breeds. It depends on the more intensive metabolism in small tetrapods.
Small breeds (puppies) 38.6-39.3, (adults) 38.5-39.0 Medium breeds (puppies) 38.3-39.1, (adults) 37.5-39.0 Large breeds (puppies) ) 38.2-39.0, (adults) 37.4-38.3
Causes of high temperature
In fact, there are a sufficient number of them and therefore it is worth talking about it thoroughly.
Let’s first look at the possible causes of fever in puppies.
Regardless of the breed in puppies up to six months old, you can see the number 39 on the thermometer. And if the babies are healthy, then the reasons are as follows:
teeth are being cut intensive growth of all organs and systems the mechanism of thermoregulation is still not working in a balanced way (without a mother, cooling occurs and the temperature drops, and on hot days the temperature can rise) stress vaccination
The ideal solution is to measure the temperature of the puppies at least 2 times a week. This increases the chances of not missing serious illnesses.
But it is necessary to control the temperature after vaccinations several times a day. Both adult dogs and puppies. Required!
Unfortunately, the following causes of fever in puppies and adult dogs are more serious. It:
heat stroke plague enteritis piroplasmosis endometriosis in bitches allergy abscess severe stress hormonal disorders internal bleeding after surgery poisoning and other diseases
In any case, if you notice even a slight change in the behavior and condition of the dog, urgently measure the temperature.
How to measure the temperature of a dog at home?
First of all, the dog must have its own thermometer. If there are several dogs, it is better if each has its own. Electronic, of course, as it is safe for both animals and humans.
It is not difficult to measure the temperature of a dog. But the procedure must be done carefully and delicately. You may need help from loved ones.
lay the animal on its side apply baby cream or petroleum jelly to the tip of the thermometer, move the tail to the side and very carefully insert the thermometer into the rectum 1-1.5 cm wait for the sound signal and wait another 2-3 minutes remove the thermometer and take the reading
By the way, it is not necessary to lay the dog. You can measure your temperature while standing. To do this, you need to hold the animal by the collar and in the groin area.
How to understand that an animal has a temperature?
We all know a certain myth that a dry and hot nose is necessarily a high temperature. Not always. Warm nose may be after sleep. Conversely, a dog with a wet and cold nose may not always be healthy.
To understand that a dog has a temperature, of course, it is necessary to measure it. Recall that the temperature in dogs is normal if its readings are from 37.5 to 39 degrees.
The first symptoms that should alert the owner:
lethargy refusal to eat diarrhea vomiting cramps pale gums and tongue whining the dog stops barking, playing and lying down all the time
Causes of low fever in dogs
Yes, it happens. Low temperatures are the other side of the same coin. Hypothermia is also extremely dangerous for dogs. Especially for puppies and dogs of venerable age. Why hypothermia occurs, how to recognize and what to do we will talk in the next article.
High temperature symptoms:
High temperatures are easy to spot. This is done using a thermometer by inserting it into the anus. A body temperature above 39.4C is considered high. The animal’s medical history and routine examination will help determine the cause of the high fever. The cause of a high fever in a dog is most often an infection or a virus. Sometimes, making the correct diagnosis may require taking additional tests. These tests may include:
- Blood test or hemogram. The analysis will help determine the number of leukocytes, erythrocytes and platelets;
- Blood chemistry. which allows you to determine the general condition of the animal’s body and the presence of disease in the early stages;
- Blood smear. Allows you to determine the presence of a parasite in the body of an animal;
- Serological blood test to determine rare diseases (for example, those transmitted by ticks);
- Test for the presence of diseases of the immune system;
- Analysis of urine. Determination of urinary tract infections;
- X-ray. Definition of diseases such as pneumonia;
- Ultrasound. Determination of liver, kidney or heart disease;
- Biopsy of various tissues. If the causes of the high fever in the dog are not identified.
Treatment of an animal with a high fever depends on the diagnosis and the complexity of the situation. Not always with a slight increase in temperature, you should panic, perhaps the body will cope with the infection or virus on its own.
If the diagnosis is not entirely clear, the doctor will prescribe a course of antibiotic treatment based on the medical history and examination of the dog. At a body temperature of 40C, medicines are recommended to be taken to lower the temperature. Antipyretic drugs are usually prescribed for animals, but it all depends on the situation. Initially, an initial examination of the animal is required.
If the temperature does not go away after using antibiotics, the veterinarian prescribes additional tests, since there are many reasons for the fever in dogs.
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In most cases, it is difficult to protect the dog from an increase in temperature, since it is a consequence of some process and is associated with an infection in the body. Care and clean living conditions, lack of contact with sick animals significantly reduces the chances of contracting any infection.
The temperature of the dog, what can the owner do at home
High body temperature is a dangerous thing, it does not tolerate a disorderly attitude. If the temperature suddenly rises in the dog, then the owner must know what can be done at home. After all, a normal temperature primarily reflects the state of health of any living organism. Each dog has an individual rate. In small breeds, the thermometer readings are lower, in large ones, they are higher. During a stressful situation, the indicators increase, in a calm environment, they decrease. Therefore, it is worthwhile to clearly understand which temperature is deadly for a certain pet, and which is not a threat.
What does body temperature mean for dogs
It is unrealistic to tell about all the possible reasons for the increase in the temperature of the animal; However, having applied for veterinary help in time and having passed a general blood test can save your life. It is imperative to know the normal temperature of the pet in order to correctly determine whether the indicator has increased significantly at the right moment. In humans, 36.6 is constant; in dogs, this indicator varies. Changes are quite natural, associated with age, breed, weight, activity, environment.
Other ways, but less effective
- You can measure the temperature in the mouth of an animal. But only if it is calm, not aggressive, obedient, which does not want to gnaw the device with its teeth.
- In short-haired breeds, the device will be able to get readings if pressed against the groin, inserted between the skin, like in humans.
In all of the above methods, the environment should be calm, without any unnecessary sounds. Talk to your pet lovingly during the procedure. You can feed it with a treat. If the thermometer shows a low, high temperature, immediately go to the clinic.
How to measure the temperature of a dog correctly
We have found that it is impossible to determine the temperature from the moisture content of the nose. To do this, use the most ordinary thermometer, mercury and electronic are sold in the pharmacy. Electronic is more convenient, quickly identifies indicators. Each individual must have a personal thermometer. After a dog, in no case should a person be used.
If you go to the dog section of the participants at the veterinary forum, then they will advise you to use an electronic thermometer, although mercury is cheaper, since it will take only a few minutes to find out the result. To measure the temperature of a simply accustomed pet, for the first time you will have to sweat. The main thing in this matter is caution and STIHL, so as not to harm an already sick animal.
Symptoms of hyperthermia
Some pet owners believe that the main symptom of a high temperature is a dry nose. They are mistaken, as a warm and dry nose in a doggie can be after sleep. Therefore, it is foolish to rely on this feature. Let’s consider the most common symptoms:
- Frequent heavy breathing;
- Lethargy, weakness, indifference;
- Appetite disappears;
- The dog mostly lies on the cold floor, another cool place;
- Upset stomach, diarrhea;
- Drinks water constantly;
- The tongue brightens;
- Limbs tremble, chills;
To determine whether the dog is healthy or not, it is worth measuring the temperature with a thermometer. Inexperienced emotional breeders, with any change in the thermometer readings in one direction or another, rush headlong to show the dog to a specialist.
Helpful advice. Watch your animal, how it behaves. Are there any other symptoms besides fever? The readings can fluctuate back and forth during the day, this is normal for the animal. If the above symptoms are increasing, then you do not need to bring down the temperature yourself, it is better to take it to the clinic.
What to do if your dog has a high fever
Only a veterinarian can tell how to help your pet fight fever. His conclusions and recommendations will be based on a complete picture describing the state of health, depending on what a complete blood count and others will show. Treatment is prescribed after the diagnosis has been made. There are no exact instructions on how to get rid of hyperthermia, since this is a symptom, not a disease. Therefore, at a level of 41 degrees or more, urgently contact the veterinary clinic.
Reasons for which your dog’s temperature may have risen
Before you find out what can and should be given to the dog from the temperature, let’s find out the causes of the occurrence. Why there is an increase in temperature, why is it so urgent to react to it. Hyperthermia is quite common in pets.
The most common cause of high temperatures is sunstroke. Please tell me, have you noticed that many animals do not tolerate the hot summer. They get overheated after being outside all day. In this case, no medication is required, the main rule is a sufficient amount of water in an accessible place, moving to a cool place to bring down the pet’s fever.
Those dogs who are experiencing stress and anxiety cannot do without high temperature. For example, a long trip in transport, a change of permanent residence, a crowd. In this case, medical intervention is also not needed, water will help.
The main reason for which you should pay close attention is, of course, an infectious, viral disease. The increase in temperature directly depends on the occurrence of inflammation. In situations like this, of course, a visit to the vet is the main thing to do. There are several reasons for exceeding the standard of readings:
- Inflammatory processes in the body;
- Viral attacks of the animal’s body;
- Infectious diseases;
- Poisoning, intoxication;
- Diseases of the vascular system;
- Heart diseases;
- Hormonal disbalance;
- Allergic reaction;
- Joint problems;
- Birth of puppies;
- Overheating of the body;
- Stressful situations;
- Teeth grow.
If, during hyperthermia, the thermometer shows two divisions higher than it should be, for example, 41 degrees, immediately go to the veterinary clinic. The reason may be serious. Terrible fatal diseases such as distemper, piroplasmosis. Bringing down the temperature of the dog is not a solution to the main problem, just temporary relief, to relieve pain.
Symptoms of a temperature in a dog
Contrary to popular belief, nasal dryness, moisture is not an indicator of body temperature. The main symptoms of a dog’s temperature are:
- lack or decrease in appetite;
- increased thirst;
What to do if your dog has a fever?
What should be done if, nevertheless, the dog has a fever:
- Do not knock down. Before knocking down the temperature in a dog, you must first find out what caused this increase. Fever in dogs can be caused by infections, toxins, vaccinations.
- See a veterinarian.
- Dampen the dog’s fur with cold water or direct a fan at it. But such actions should be stopped as soon as the dog’s body temperature drops to 39.5 ° C.
- Give your dog as much water as possible. it will help you stay hydrated.
- Give medication as prescribed by your doctor.
Temperature in a dog
Body temperature is one of the main indicators of the state of the body, not only of a human, but also of our smaller brothers.
A loving owner needs to know that a dog’s normal temperature should be between 38 ° and 39.3 ° C. But not everything is so simple, and the indicators can vary. For example, the temperature of a small breed puppy will be slightly higher (38.6⁰-39.3⁰) than the temperature of a large breed puppy (38.2⁰-39.0⁰), adult small breed dogs have a higher temperature (38.5⁰-39.0⁰) than adult dogs of large breeds (37.4⁰-38.3⁰). Temperature changes, in some cases, may depend on individual characteristics, sexual cycle, physiological state. Don’t worry if your dog’s body temperature rises slightly in a stressful situation. after visiting a veterinary clinic or after childbirth.
But it should be remembered that the increase should not be more than 1 degree Celsius. If you deviate from this norm, take a closer look at your pet. Urgent medical care is needed if the temperature is above 41 ° C. such a high temperature in a dog is dangerous to her life.
How to measure temperature in a dog?
To know what is the normal temperature for your dog, you need to measure it periodically. The first time the dog may not like this manipulation, but then he will get used to it. Even if you don’t do it regularly, if you suspect you have a temperature, take it before visiting your veterinarian. Most likely, the dog will show you, its owner, more confidence and with less worries will endure this procedure in a calm home environment. Every owner should know how to measure the temperature of a dog. The temperature is measured rectally. This can be done with a special rectal thermometer, but an ordinary mercury or electronic thermometer is also quite suitable. First, prepare a thermometer: zero the readings, grease the tip of the thermometer with cream. An electronic thermometer is more convenient. the dog will have to suffer only 1 minute, a little more time. It will take 2-3 minutes to measure the temperature with a mercury thermometer. Do not forget to talk to the dog affectionately during the procedure, and then treat it to something delicious.
Low temperature in a dog
A low temperature in a dog is also considered a deviation from the norm. This can happen, for example, after an operation, in which case you need to cover it warmer and be sure to consult a veterinarian. The body temperature of a pregnant dog can also change, before giving birth it drops by one degree compared to the norm (up to 37-37.5 ° C). The normal body temperature of a newborn puppy on the first day is also slightly lower than usual. 33-36 ° C, about 15-20 days it will be about 36.5-38 ° C. During this period, it is desirable for the puppy to provide optimal conditions. Even short-term hypothermia can lead to a worsening of his condition.
Fever in a dog from injections, dog bite, tick, for no apparent reason, medication
If the dog’s temperature rises after the injection, then this nuance must be communicated to the doctor who prescribed the drug for injection. it is possible that the drug should be urgently canceled, otherwise the subsequent reaction of the body to its administration may become unpredictable.
If a dog has a fever after being bitten by another dog, then there is a high probability of developing phlegmon at the site of the bite. If you do not take any measures, purulent inflammation can cause purulent-resorptive fever and the animal may die. An increase in temperature after a tick bite is a symptom of piroplasmosis. The mortality rate from this disease is very high.
There is no rise in temperature for no apparent reason. The easiest one is if the dog is hot. Worse if the fever is due to illness. In any case, you need to look for help not on the Internet, but from a qualified veterinarian.
The temperature of the dog vomited does not eat, does not drink what to do at home
Ideally, if the dog has a fever, vomited, or the animal has completely lost its appetite, then you need to see a doctor. If the condition of the dog does not cause fear for its life, then you can leave the animal alone for a while by placing a bowl of water next to it. If after a day the dog’s well-being has not stabilized, then you need to find an opportunity to get an appointment with a veterinarian.
Temperature in dogs, puppies, kittens and cats is normal, after vaccination and for small breeds, during and on the day of childbirth, a week and an hour before and after childbirth, false pregnancy
If for people a temperature of 36.6 is considered normal, then in dogs its values should be in the range of 37.5-39 degrees, puppies and small breeds of dogs. 38.5-39.2, kittens. 38.5-39.5, adult cats and cats. 38-39 degrees.
After vaccination, the body temperature of animals may rise slightly. This is permissible and considered normal. the body is fighting the injected strain. A week before giving birth, the dog should have a normal temperature, before giving birth, it is observed to decrease, and after giving birth, on the contrary, an increase. Then everything goes back to normal. With a false pregnancy, the bitch’s body temperature will be slightly elevated.
The temperature of a dog without vomiting and diarrhea, grows and cannot be brought down, how to treat
An increase in temperature is a signal for the presence or exacerbation of a disease. Simply by lowering the temperature, the ailment cannot be cured, so you should not drag out the time. if the body temperature of the dog rises, you need to contact the veterinarians.
Temperature in a dog
Since any pet may have a fever, it will not be superfluous to know how to act in such a case, what to look for and how you can help at home before the veterinarian arrives.
Do not self-medicate, as only an experienced veterinarian can make an accurate diagnosis and suggest the correct treatment regimen for a puppy or adult dog. Alas, in the case of self-medication, veterinarians say that today the statistics of deaths is increasing, so this decision is not optimal.
Temperature in a dog symptoms home treatment
Symptoms of a high fever are:. chills and shivering;. weakness;. lack or decrease in appetite;. increased heartbeat;. rapid breathing;. noticed oddities in behavior.
You can bring down the temperature of a dog at home if:. put a cold compress or ice on the inner thighs or neck. In the summer, you can place the animal in a cooler place or cool the room with an air conditioner;. give antipyretics;. forcing the dog to drink a lot.
Temperature in a dog during estrus
A slight increase in body temperature in a dog during estrus is considered normal and does not require any intervention.
What is the normal temperature in dogs in summer in the heat and how to measure it and how much to measure
Normal body temperature in dogs is 37.5-39 degrees. To take measurements, you need to have a separate thermometer.
Mercury thermometers have become a heritage of the last century. Using such a thermometer, the owner will need to hold his pet in a very uncomfortable position for at least 3-5 minutes, because the temperature is measured in the anus. The modern type of thermometers is electric. With its help, the procedure for measuring the temperature will take 20-30 seconds, and the thermometer itself will give a signal when it can be obtained.
In the summer heat, the temperature of the dog may rise slightly by 0.5-1.5 degrees from the norm.