Possible causes of high fever in dogs
Any violation of heat exchange in the body of an animal can be triggered by both separate factors, including:
- Heatstroke. As a result of such an incident, there is a strong overheating of the pet’s body. Thus, the amount of heat received from the external environment is much greater than the amount of heat that the animal’s body can give up. Such an imbalance can lead to extreme heat and a rise in temperature up to forty-one degrees, which is a direct threat to the life of the dog.
- Mobilization of the body’s immunity. This reaction is due to the fact that the body is trying to protect itself and adapt to new adverse circumstances. This “behavior” is commonly referred to as fever. However, such a reaction can also be caused by a non-infectious disease or by surgery.
- Childbirth at the female. After them, the temperature of the animal can reach thirty-nine degrees. This reaction is most likely to occur if the dog is producing large amounts of milk. However, crossing the forty-degree edge becomes a cause for concern and requires immediate specialist intervention. That is why the temperature of the female after giving birth should be measured regularly.
- Stress. This factor is often ignored by dog owners, because people do not consider such stress to be a serious threat to the health of the animal. However, a severe shock can cause a short rise in temperature. Such a reaction may occur due to a sudden change of scenery, moving, change or separation from the owner, too much physical stress, participation in an exhibition or a simple visit to a veterinarian.
- The puppy has teething teeth. In this case, the high temperature is not a cause for concern and usually goes away on its own.
So, depending on what additional symptoms accompany an increase in temperature, the cause can be a variety of diseases, among which the most popular ones can be distinguished:
- Injuries, inflammation and abscesses.
- Allergic reaction. Any allergen can cause a similar response from the body. Some of the most common irritants are intolerable foods and environmental components. However, a certain drug can provoke a protective reaction to an allergen.
- Tumors and oncological diseases.
- Hepatitis caused by adenovirus type I. This disease has nothing to do with human, but it is very dangerous for the dog itself. Has a number of other symptoms to consider.
- With infectious tracheobronchitis, the temperature of the dog can rise to 39 degrees.
- Poisoning due to the bite of a poisonous insect or snake.
- Infection caused by parasitic infestation, virus or other microorganisms.
Symptoms accompanying high fever in dogs
Fever is rarely a solitary symptom. It is usually accompanied by a number of clinical signs, which may include:
If the temperature is very high, above forty. forty-one degrees, the animal should be shown to a specialist as soon as possible. In this case, the owners of the dog should be aware that such an increase in body temperature, in addition to the above symptoms, usually causes a serious loss of fluid, as well as an increase in heart rate and respiration.
If the temperature reaches forty-one degrees, changes in the body can become irreversible. In such cases, there is a high probability of dehydration, the occurrence of cerebral edema, and functional impairment of the vital organs of the internal organs. These changes are usually accompanied by fainting, wheezing, seizures, loss of coordination, discoloration of the mucous membranes, decreased urination, increased heart rate, and hemorrhages, both internal and external. Any of the above symptoms can lead to serious consequences, up to and including death.
A dog has a high fever, how to diagnose the problem?
If you have the opportunity to visit a veterinarian as soon as possible. by all means do it. The problem in the case of a high temperature in a dog is mainly not even in the symptom itself, but in the fact that this clinical sign is probably caused by an illness or a serious disruption in the functioning of the body. This, in turn, means that only a specialist can diagnose the disease, who usually combines differential measures and symptomatic treatment.
There are frequent cases when a simple, albeit thorough, clinical examination of a patient is not enough for a doctor to make a diagnosis. In such situations, a number of analyzes and studies are carried out, including an analysis of urine and blood of an animal, ultrasound, X-ray, as well as studies of hormonal levels.
It is not uncommon for a veterinarian to require advice from doctors specializing in certain types of diseases, for example, an allergist or an oncologist.
Treating a dog with a high fever
Pet owners should make sure that the high fever in the dog is not caused by any natural causes before taking action.
If a high fever in a dog is not the only alarming symptom and is accompanied by other dangerous clinical signs, you should not self-medicate and try to eliminate the fever yourself. In such situations, the likelihood that the animal is seriously ill is extremely high, and it must be urgently taken to an appointment with the veterinarian.
The main task of a specialist in this case is to determine the factor that caused the fever and to eliminate it. As for symptomatic treatment, almost always at a high temperature, the specialist prescribes the so-called infusion therapy to the patient, which involves the restoration of normal fluid metabolism, and also recommends the necessary antipyretic drugs for use.
If the condition of the dog causes serious concern, it is possible that the animal will need to be placed in a hospital. In a clinic, the pet will be able to receive proper care. A team of specialists will be able to control and maintain the functionality of all vital systems of the body and internal organs.
High fever in a dog
Temperature is an extremely important indicator of a dog’s health. Animal owners should be aware that normal temperatures in these mammals are significantly higher than in humans. Normally, the average temperature in a healthy animal should range from 37 to 38.5 degrees Celsius. If it is a puppy, its temperature may be slightly higher, usually by about 0.5 degrees. However, what temperature is considered normal often depends on the weight, age and breed of the dog. Small dogs often have a higher temperature than large breeds.
In order to understand how and why the body temperature rises in dogs, it is necessary to know the peculiarities of the mechanism of the processes of receiving and further release of heat. In a normal state, the pet’s body is able to receive a certain amount of heat, and give the same amount to the environment. If the body receives more heat than it is able to give, the dog develops a fever, which is a dangerous and serious symptom of various disorders in the animal’s body.
How to bring down a high temperature in a dog on your own?
Despite the fact that in the event of extreme heat, the self-activity of the owners can become destructive, there are cases when the temperature rises so quickly that the dog owners have to knock down the heat on their own, without waiting for the arrival of a specialist or a trip to the doctor. You should be aware that when taking any measures, you must try not to harm the pet and not aggravate the situation.
You can try to bring down the temperature with the help of not too serious drugs, such as the well-known analgin. Do not use antibiotics or strong medications.
Another alternative in the fight against heat is a proven method: the pet owner should put ice on the animal’s thighs and neck, or simply wet the hairline with ice water. The same water can be used to water a dog. however, portions should be kept to a minimum.
Symptoms of high fever in dogs
In order to find out the temperature of an animal, it is enough to measure it with a thermometer. But the device may not always be at hand, then you need to pay attention to external signs.
How to bring down a dog’s temperature
First of all, you need to suppress the natural desire to give the dog the medicine that is familiar to humans. It is not recommended to treat hyperthermia on your own at home.
The veterinarian, after diagnosis and if necessary, prescribes antipyretics, as well as analgesics or antihistamines. During the examination, the doctor may recommend taking tests or undergoing additional examination.
Until the animal is taken to the clinic, the owner can apply ice packs through the tissue to the neck, as large blood vessels pass there. In fluffy breeds, it is advisable to cut off excess hair. Also, the animal can be seated near a fan or air conditioner.
The only medication that you can apply yourself is paracetamol. However, keep in mind that you cannot give it thoughtlessly. It is necessary to accurately calculate the dosage. One tablet is required for a dog weighing 40 kilograms. Thus, if you have a light Chihuahua or Toy. Terrier, divide the tablet into 10 parts, and if you have a heavy Basset Hound or French Bulldog, then into about 3-4 parts.
What not to do
Sometimes the owners try to force the dog to eat, which, due to the high temperature, refuses to feed. It is absolutely impossible to do this, since the food will not be digested normally and will create additional discomfort for the animal.
Also, do not apply a large amount of ice to the animal, this will only worsen its condition. Do not use refrigeration bags that are not wrapped in a cloth, as this can lead to necrosis.
- dry nose;
- hot ears;
- grinding of teeth;
- small tremors all over the body;
- rapid breathing;
- unnatural behavior: the dog hides behind the sofa or, on the contrary, is afraid to move away from the owner;
- refusal to eat;
- redness of the skin;
- general sluggishness.
However, these symptoms should not be considered unambiguous signs of hyperthermia in an animal. For example, a dry nose is common in dogs after sleep, and teeth grinding can be a response to severe stress.
At high temperatures, one or more of the above symptoms may occur. If the dog starts having seizures, then you need to go to the doctor immediately, she needs emergency help.
How to tell if a dog has a high fever
At elevated temperatures (hyperthermia), the animal often becomes hot to the touch, possibly reddening of the skin and dry mucous membranes. The pet can behave strangely: hide, walk from corner to corner, or cling too much to the owner. Hyperthermia is very dangerous and can lead to the death of a pet.
How to understand and what to do if a dog has a fever, is it possible to give paracetamol or other pills
An increase in body temperature in an animal is a symptom that requires immediate consultation with a veterinarian. It is not recommended to knock it down on your own, as this can complicate the diagnosis. Hyperthermia is typical for many diseases, so the animal must be brought to the clinic for examination as soon as possible.
How to take a dog’s temperature
Temperature in dogs is measured rectally using a thermometer. It is better to use an electronic thermometer, but you can also use a mercury one.
- Treat the thermometer with a disinfectant.
- Lubricate the tip of the thermometer with petroleum jelly or a greasy, fragrance-free cream.
- Secure the animal so that it cannot sit down.
- Insert the thermometer into the dog’s anus 1.5 cm deep and hold for a few minutes.
After the measurement, calm your pet and treat it to a treat. The thermometer is then disinfected and put back in place.
How to understand what a dog has a temperature, what is normal and what is a deviation
Body temperature is one of the most important indicators, indicators of the health of our pets. Even minor deviations from the physiological norm signal systemic and functional failures, the development of diseases, infections, inflammation. Temperature indicators in most cases help to find out what the dog is sick with, to determine the complexity of the situation.
To monitor the condition of dogs, owners should regularly measure and monitor the temperature of the pet, know what is normal and what is abnormal. Having determined that the temperature in a dog is elevated or below the physiological norm, you can immediately take appropriate measures to normalize its condition. Consider how to correctly measure the temperature of a dog, by what signs you can determine fever without the use of special devices.
Normal temperature in a dog
Throughout their lives, dogs are susceptible to a wide variety of pathologies and diseases. One of the indicators of general malaise, a sign of many diseases, infections is a change in body temperature upward, downward. Therefore, dog breeders should know exactly what the body temperature of a pet should be in the norm.
Important! Temperature indicators may have slight deviations from the physiological norm in dogs of different breeds and age groups. In addition, the temperature may vary slightly throughout the day.
Normally, the overall body temperature of a healthy dog averages 37.6-38.6 degrees. The puppy’s temperature indicators are higher than that of young, adult pets. 38.8-39.1.
The temperature indicators of the body of animals, as already noted, also depend on the time of day, breed, age, size, weight. Therefore, they may differ slightly.
So, the older, the larger the dog, the lower its temperature will be (37.5-38.3). In puppies, representatives of miniature, small decorative breeds (Yorkies, pugs, Chins, Italian greyhounds) temperature indicators vary from 38.2 to 38.8-39 degrees.
Important! A change in temperature of one to two degrees should be regarded by dog breeders as a warning signal that should not be ignored.
A short-term slight increase in temperature is noted:
- after rest, sleep;
- endured stress, emotional shock, excitement;
- physical activity, heavy exertion;
- active outdoor games;
- after being in a hot, stuffy room, after walking in the sun.
In bitches, the temperature rises by several degrees during puddle (estrus), especially during the rut, sexual desire. Changes in indicators in females are also noted during pregnancy, a few days, hours before delivery.
To know what your dog’s normal temperature should be, measure it twice a day (morning, evening) for seven days, recording the readings.
How To Tell If Your Dog or Cat Has A Fever
How to find out the temperature without a thermometer
If you don’t have a thermometer at hand, you can determine the temperature without a thermometer. Any changes, deviations from the norm will affect the condition and behavior of your dog. In addition, there are certain points on the body of animals by which it is possible to understand whether the dog has a temperature.
You can find out the body temperature of a dog without a digital, mercury thermometer:
- on the nose, ears;
- the condition of the mucous membranes, on the gums;
- skin condition.
Without a thermometer, you can determine the temperature of the dog by the lobe of the nose. In extreme heat, high temperature, the pet’s nose will be warm, hot to the touch. White streaks, dry crusts, scabs are noticeable on the lobe. In healthy dogs, the nose is moist, clean, the color of the lobe is not changed. There should be no discharge from the nostrils. But keep in mind that a dry dog’s nose does not always signal a high temperature. For example, a warm lobe can be after sleep, active games, walking in warm weather.
Touch the back of your hand to your armpits, groin area. With hyperthermia, if the dog has a fever, these places will be hot to the touch. The skin is tight, slightly swollen.
If fever is associated with infection, palpate the regional lymph nodes. They will be hot, painful, enlarged due to inflammation.
Look at your pet’s gums. If the dog has a temperature, the mucous membranes will be pale, anemic, or vice versa, hyperemic. Gums at high temperatures are often swollen, dry, warm, bright orange, scarlet. In a healthy dog, mucous membranes are moist, pale pink in color. There should be no ulcers, ulcerations on their surface.
Feel the ears and paws of the dogs. Many blood vessels pass in these places, so if the dog gets fever, they will be hot.
In a dog, not only the general, but also the local temperature rises when the inflammatory process is localized in any organ, part of the body. For example, the skin can be hot in the area of the wound, abscess, in case of damage to the auricle, paws. But you should not relax, since inflammation develops quickly without treatment, and the local temperature often provokes fever, fever.
Other signs of fever in dogs
Fever in dogs is always manifested by an increase in temperature by several degrees. Note that high temperature is a kind of protective reaction of the body. When it rises, a certain part of the brain is activated, which is responsible for thermoregulation, and most pathogenic agents instantly die due to high temperature.
The most reliable way to find out the body temperature of dogs is only by rectal, contact measurement. However, there are signs that indicate fever in dogs:
- increased thirst;
- refusal of food:
- hyperemia, pallor of the mucous membranes;
- lethargy, apathy, drowsiness;
- dull faded coat;
- discharge from the nose, eyes;
- indigestion (vomiting, diarrhea);
- difficult rare urination;
- dark urine;
- muscle spasms.
If the dog has a high temperature, the animal tries to retire, avoids sunlight, refuses to go for a walk, and even more so to take part in active games. The pet tries to hide in quiet, secluded, dark places. Lays down on a tummy on a cold floor, tiles.
When dogs have a fever
High temperature in dogs is noted in viral and bacterial diseases (piroplasmosis, leptospirosis, plague, enteritis), invasive diseases (helminthiasis).
How to Tell If a Dog Has a Fever (Most Accurate Method)
An increase in the general temperature in animals can be caused by:
- allergies, severe emotional stress;
- change of milk teeth (in puppies from three to nine months);
- prolonged overheating;
- dermatological chronic pathologies (boils, abscesses);
- heat, walking in the open sun (sunstroke, heat shock);
- inflammatory processes in the body (inflammation of the skin, joints);
- respiratory diseases.
Hyperthermia can be provoked by vaccination, medications in case of individual intolerance to the body of their components that make up.
When to take your dog’s temperature
Even if the dog is active, energetic, feels fine, for preventive purposes, veterinarians recommend periodically to take control measurements.
Despite the fact that this procedure is unpleasant for animals, you need to teach your pet to it from an early age. After the procedure, be sure to reward the dog with a treat, gentle tone.
It is mandatory to measure the temperature of dogs in the following cases:
- with a sharp weight loss:
- in case of a sudden decrease in activity;
- unnatural, inappropriate behavior;
- if the dog has had contact with stray, infected animals;
- refusal to feed, loss of appetite, indigestion;
- before and after vaccination, deworming.
Measure the temperature if the dog is constantly sleeping, reluctant to go for a walk, looks lethargic, apathetic. Cause for concern are: increased thirst, profuse mucous membranes, mucous-catarrhal outflows from the eyes, nose, pallor, cyanosis of the mucous membranes.
These and other symptoms not typical for a healthy dog may indicate the development of systemic pathologies, diseases of various etiologies.
Healthy dogs should also have their temperature taken during pregnancy, before giving birth, and for a few days after the birth of the offspring. The day before giving birth, the temperature in bitches decreases by about 0.5-1 degrees.
How to correctly measure the temperature of a dog at home
To measure and find out the temperature of the dog, purchase a regular mercury or digital thermometer in the veterinary pharmacy. To facilitate the procedure, you will also need petroleum jelly or vegetable oil.
Advice! Using a regular thermometer, the procedure takes 5-6 minutes, and when using a digital one. no more than a minute. In addition, electronic devices provide a more accurate picture. Contact thermometers are also available.
Body temperature is measured rectally. Before the procedure, calm your dog down in a gentle tone. Do not shout, do not use physical force. Since the dog can break out during the measurement, it is more convenient to carry out the procedure with an assistant who will fix the dog well in the desired position.
We perform actions in the following sequence:
- Lubricate the tip of the thermometer with petroleum jelly, oil. Calm the animal. The procedure is carried out in the most relaxed atmosphere. The animal should not be scared, agitated, as this will affect the indicators, and they can be distorted.
- Lay the dog gently on its side, move the tail up, to the side. You can measure the temperature of your pet while standing.
- Slowly insert the thermometer into the anus 2-2.5 cm.
- Calm your dog down constantly, do not make sudden movements.
After five minutes, record and record the readings. Hold the digital until you hear a beep. Reward the dog with a treat, praise the pet, wipe the thermometer with alcohol and put it in a protective case and put it away. Note that the thermometer should only belong to your pet.!
How to bring down the temperature?
What if your pet has a fever? If the value of the indicator is very high (above 40 ° C), the best solution would be to take the pet to a veterinary clinic.
Fever is especially dangerous for puppies. metabolic processes in their body are much faster.
What to do if a dog has a fever but veterinarian assistance is not available? If your pet has a high fever, follow these guidelines:
- moisten ears, groin and paw pads with cold water;
- you can put a wet towel on your head;
- move the dog to a cool place (on the tiles in the bathroom, on the balcony, etc.);
- give your pet cold fresh water;
- mix three drugs in a syringe: No-Shpu, Analgin and Diphenhydramine (check the dosage with the doctor by phone, it is calculated by the weight of the animal) and inject this mixture into the dog intramuscularly.
How to bring down a dog’s temperature and avoid severe dehydration? To do this, under the skin at the withers, use a syringe to inject saline (up to 50 ml for small dogs, up to 200 ml. for large dogs).
If the measures taken are not enough, try to call a specialist at home or take the pet to the veterinary clinic. A high rate is a sign of a disease, it can be a symptom of tick-borne piroplasmosis, viral enteritis, postpartum eclampsia or common poisoning.
If there are other symptoms (loose stools, discoloration or odor of urine, poor appetite, tremors in the body, etc.), be sure to tell your veterinarian about them.
When to worry?
The normal value for adults and young puppies is different. In dwarf breeds, it can be slightly increased, and this will not be considered a deviation. The temperature norm in dogs is presented in the table, which contains the average values for different age and size groups.
|Puppies of various breeds||Body temperature norm, in ⁰С|
|1. Puppies of large and giant breeds (Great Dane, St. Bernard, Caucasian and Central Asian Shepherd Dogs, etc.)||38.2. 39|
|2. Puppies of medium breeds (huskies, huskies, spaniels, etc.)||38.3. 39.1|
|3. Puppies of small breeds (Russian toy, pugs, miniature schnauzers, etc.)||38.5. 39.2|
|Adult animals of various breeds||Body temperature norm, in ⁰С|
|1. Large breeds||37.4. 38.3|
|2. Medium breeds||37.5. 39.0|
|3. Small breeds (normal temperature in dogs of small breeds, such as York, Shit-tsu, Papillon)||38.5. 39.0|
The body temperature of dogs is normal if it is within the range shown in the table. In addition, there are additional tolerances for different situations. Temperature in a dog: the norm can increase under stress (up to 0.3 ° C), on hot days, after intense training, during estrus. In bitches before giving birth, on the contrary, it decreases by 0.5-2⁰С.
Such changes do not indicate the presence of illness or malaise.
There is an opinion that the temperature can be determined by the nose, but this is a delusion. Sometimes hot ears and groin feel hot to the touch, but you cannot rely on these signs alone.
How to measure?
To carry out the measurement, a thermometer is used (mercury gives more accurate readings, but the electronic one shows the result faster). It is injected rectally (into the dog’s anus). Here is an algorithm on how to measure the temperature of a dog correctly:
- Calm the pet, lay him on his side, stroke his belly. The dog needs to relax.
- The tip of the thermometer is smeared with oily ointment (for this purpose, baby cream is usually used).
- The tail of the animal is raised, the thermometer is slowly introduced into the rectum (2-2.5 cm for large individuals, 1-1.5 cm for small ones).
- While the measurement is in progress, talk to your pet, stroke it, treat it with your favorite treat.
- After the end of the measurement (5 minutes for mercury thermometers, 30-40 seconds for electronic ones), carefully remove the thermometer, praise the animal, write down the data obtained. Wash the thermometer and hands with warm soapy water, if necessary, disinfect with an alcohol solution.
Thanks to this algorithm, you can easily find out the state of your pet. Treat your dog gently and calmly, do not scare him.
The pet should know that measuring with a thermometer is a simple and painless procedure.
What is the temperature norm in dogs, how to measure it and what to do if it is elevated, knock it down?
Temperature is one of the main indicators of the well-being of both people and animals. Its increase or decrease indicates that something is wrong with the pet.
What is the normal temperature for a dog? How to measure it at home, and what to do if it is severely lowered or raised?
How to raise the temperature?
If the indicator drops below 37-35⁰С, chills appear, then the pet needs to be warmed up. To do this, wrap the dog in a shawl or warm woolen blanket, put a heating pad or a bottle of hot water on the back and stomach (be sure to wrap it in a towel). An indicator of 32-28 ° C is considered critical (in this case, the pet should be immediately taken to the clinic).
Temperature is an important indicator by which you can recognize in time the onset of a disease to which a dog may be susceptible. But its increase does not always indicate the presence of an ailment.
If your dog has a high fever or hypothermia, contact your veterinarian as soon as possible.
Additionally, check out the video on what temperature should be in a dog and how to measure it:
When to pay attention
It makes sense to measure the temperature if your pet has the following symptoms:
- refusal of food;
- refusal of water;
- pallor of the mucous membranes of the mouth and tongue;
- dryness and fever of the nose;
Possible reasons for the change
The temperature can rise when:
- physical activity;
- emotional turmoil;
- on hot days;
- reactions to vaccinations;
- diseases: distemper, endometritis, inflammation, joint inflammation, piroplasmosis, adenovirus infection.
The temperature can drop when:
- close childbirth (within 1 day);
- diseases: parvovirus enteritis of puppies, helminthic invasion.
What temperature is considered normal
Each dog has an individual body temperature and can be within
37.4. 39.3 degrees Celsius.
There are some generalized data depending on breed size and age:
Normal body temperature in dogs and puppies
How to tell if your dog is unwell and needs the help of a qualified professional.
What indicators are considered the norm for dogs of different breeds, how to correctly measure the animal and what to do if the obtained values do not fit into the normal range.
As well as cases when the animal needs to be shown to the veterinarian as soon as possible.
In adult dogs
How and what to measure
The body temperature of a dog is measured with an ordinary thermometer, it can be mercury or electronic. The latter is more convenient to use, since the measurement takes less time (up to 30 seconds).
To measure, you need to perform a number of simple steps:
- Disinfect the thermometer and lubricate its tip with a fat cream (petroleum jelly or regular baby).
- Put the dog on its side (you can stand if it is calm).
- Lift the tail up, holding it by the base.
- Insert the thermometer into the rectum to a depth of 2 cm.
- Wait for the time required for the measurement (5 minutes or until you hear a beep).
- Remove the instrument carefully.
If everything is done correctly, then the pet will not experience any discomfort.
Here are some tips to make this procedure easier:
- It is better to accustom the animal to measurements in childhood, then in adulthood this manipulation will not give you any trouble.
- Perform manipulation on command (“Treat” or any other at the discretion of the owner).
- During the procedure, behave naturally and take the measurement with a firm hand.
- After the procedure, reward your pet with a treat.
What to do if the temperature is not normal?
The temperature can rise and fall in a dog, not only from physical and psychological factors, but also be a symptom of a serious illness.
The change can be provoked by diseases such as distemper, diarrhea, piroplasmosis. It can also be a symptom of rat poisoning.
If you have ruled out the effect of external factors, then you should immediately show the pet to the veterinarian. He will make an examination and make the correct diagnosis, and then prescribe an effective treatment.
If the change is clearly caused by a physiological factor or teething, then it is recommended to give a crushed analgin tablet when it rises. If this method is ineffective, intramuscular administration of a mixture of three components is allowed: no-shpy (0.2 ml), analgin (0.4 ml) and diphenhydramine (0.2 ml).
If there is a drop in temperature that is not associated with the impending replenishment of the offspring, then the pet must be warmed (using a heating pad or a warm blanket) and urgently taken to the point of assistance to animals or call a doctor at home.
If there are signs of an increase or decrease in temperature in dogs, it is recommended to urgently seek help from a veterinarian, and only in the absence of this possibility, measures can be taken to normalize it.
Increased body temperature in a dog
Yunkina Anastasia Alexandrovna
An increase in body temperature in animals can only be judged by the readings of a thermometer.
Therefore, every owner should be able to measure the body temperature of his pet.
Why does the temperature rise?
The mechanism of temperature increase is based on an imbalance between the process of heat generation, the so-called heat production, and the process of heat transfer. And this balance is disturbed under the influence of both external and internal factors. And there are a lot of such factors. For instance:
- When the body overheats as a result of heatstroke, the flow of heat from the external environment significantly exceeds the body’s ability to give off heat. As a result, body temperature can reach a critical level of more than 41 ° C.
- When pathogens of infectious diseases are introduced, the temperature rises as a result of the development of a protective and adaptive reaction of the body. This reaction is called “fever”. Many non-communicable and surgical diseases are also associated with fever.
- Under stress, a short-term increase in temperature occurs in a healthy animal. Major stressors for dogs. these are long journeys, change of home, long separation from the owner, physical overload, emotional overload, for example, an exhibition.
Separately, I would like to say about visiting a veterinary clinic.
For most dogs, this is the cause of the development of stress, and, consequently, an increase in body temperature. Therefore, the following situation often develops: the doctor, before being vaccinated, measures the patient’s body temperature, and it turns out to be elevated. Only a healthy animal can be vaccinated. In this case, the doctor refuses to vaccinate your dog until the cause of the fever is found out. stress or illness.
If your pet is agitated, but felt good before, and there are no other signs of discomfort, the doctor will recommend that you re-measure the temperature after a while, when the dog gets used to the environment.
The dog’s body temperature is elevated. You have eliminated the development of stress. So this is a sign of illness.
What to do?
If the body temperature is 39.5-40 ° C: carefully examine the dog, remember what happened to your pet over the past few days. You may be able to determine the cause of the rise in temperature or identify any signs of illness. In any case, it is necessary to show the dog to the doctor on the same day.
A significant increase in temperature, above 40-41 ° C, requires immediate medical attention and emergency care.
- An increase in body temperature above 40.5 ° C leads to a loss of fluid from the body, to a decrease or lack of appetite, general depression, accompanied by a rapid heartbeat and breathing
- A body temperature above 41.1 ° C leads to a critical loss of fluid from the body, can cause cerebral edema and serious disturbances in the work of internal organs, which are manifested by a rapid heartbeat and irregular heartbeats, severe shortness of breath, accompanied by wheezing, loss of consciousness, convulsions and impaired coordination of movements, diarrhea and vomiting, yellowing of the conjunctiva of the eyes and mucous membrane of the oral cavity, lack of urine and the appearance of the smell of acetone from the mouth, bleeding from the intestines and hemorrhages on the skin. Any of these complications can quickly lead to the death of the animal.
If the temperature rises above 41 ° C, you should try to bring it down:
It is necessary to put ice on the neck and inner thighs, if this is not possible. moisten the dog’s coat with cold water, provide cool water to drink in small portions.
You should not self-administer antipyretic drugs at home, give pills. Some of these drugs may do more harm than good.
Better to limit yourself to physical cooling methods.
It is important to get the animal to the doctor as soon as possible.!
The question often arises: go to the clinic or call a doctor at home?
Go to the clinic. An increase in body temperature is a nonspecific symptom of many diseases. Therefore, in animals with weakened vital functions, the diagnosis of the disease should be carried out against the background of supportive treatment. It is very important to make an accurate diagnosis of the underlying disease and to do it as quickly as possible.
If, after a clinical examination of the patient, there is not enough information for making a diagnosis, additional studies will be prescribed, such as:
- laboratory tests of blood and urine
- infection test
- possibly determining the level of hormones
- X-ray and ultrasound.
It may also require consultation of narrow-profile specialists, for example, an endocrinologist, neuropathologist, oncologist, allergist.
In parallel, the doctor will correct the condition of the animal, if necessary, will begin infusion therapy (“droppers”) to replenish the loss of fluid, will introduce antipyretic drugs in the required dose.
If the condition of the dog turns out to be critical, the doctor will strongly recommend that the patient be admitted to a hospital under the supervision of qualified personnel who monitor and maintain adequate functioning of the heart, lungs, kidneys and other internal organs around the clock.
When you detect a fever in your pet, remember how bad it gets for you when you get a cold, how exhausting the high temperature is. Your friend is experiencing the same feeling. Help him in difficult times.
High temperatures are easy to spot. This is done using a thermometer by inserting it into the anus. A body temperature above 39.4C is considered high. The animal’s medical history and routine physical examination will help determine the cause of the high fever. The cause of a high fever in a dog is most often an infection or a virus. Sometimes, making the correct diagnosis may require taking additional tests. These tests may include:
- Blood test or hemogram. The analysis will help determine the number of leukocytes, erythrocytes and platelets;
- Blood chemistry. which allows you to determine the general condition of the animal’s body and the presence of the disease in the early stages;
- Blood smear. Allows you to determine the presence of a parasite in the body of an animal;
- Serological blood test to determine rare diseases (for example, those transmitted by ticks);
- Test for the presence of diseases of the immune system;
- Analysis of urine. Determination of urinary tract infections;
- X-ray. Definition of diseases such as pneumonia;
- Ultrasound. Determination of liver, kidney or heart disease;
- Biopsy of various tissues. If the causes of the high fever in the dog are not identified.
The temperature of the dog? What to do?
High temperature symptoms:
- Trembling, tremors;
- Poor appetite;
- Heart palpitations;
- Dehydration of the body;
- Rapid breathing
- Also, the dog may behave strangely, not eat and hide from you.
Possible causes of a high fever in a dog:
- Infection (in most cases it is a virus, parasite or other microorganism);
- High activity of the immune system;
- Metabolic disease;
- Disorders in the endocrine system;
- Drug reactions;
- Reaction to toxic substances;
- Sometimes the exact cause cannot be determined (for example: it is a fever of unknown origin)
Treatment for an animal with a high fever depends on the diagnosis and the complexity of the situation. Not always with a slight increase in temperature, you should panic, perhaps the body will cope with the infection or virus on its own.
If the diagnosis is not entirely clear, the doctor will prescribe a course of antibiotic treatment based on the medical history and examination of the dog. At a body temperature of 40C, medications are recommended to be taken to lower the temperature. Antipyretic drugs are usually prescribed for animals, but it all depends on the situation. Initially, an initial examination of the animal is required.
If the temperature does not go away after using antibiotics, the veterinarian prescribes additional tests, since there are many reasons for the fever in dogs.
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In most cases, it is difficult to protect the dog from an increase in temperature, since it is a consequence of some process and is associated with an infection in the body. Care and clean living conditions, lack of contact with sick animals significantly reduces the chances of contracting any infection.
What to do if your dog has a fever?
What should be done if, nevertheless, the dog has a fever:
- Do not knock down. Before knocking down the temperature in a dog, you must first find out what caused this increase. Fever in dogs can be caused by infections, toxins, vaccinations.
- See a veterinarian.
- Dampen the dog’s fur with cold water or direct a fan at it. But such actions should be stopped as soon as the dog’s body temperature drops to 39.5 ° C.
- Give your dog as much water as possible. it will help you stay hydrated.
- Give medication as prescribed by your doctor.
Temperature in a dog
Body temperature is one of the main indicators of the state of the body, not only of a human, but also of our smaller brothers.
A loving owner needs to know that a dog’s normal temperature should be between 38 ° and 39.3 ° C. But not everything is so simple, and indicators can vary. For example, the temperature of a small breed puppy will be slightly higher (38.6⁰-39.3⁰) than the temperature of a large breed puppy (38.2⁰-39.0⁰), adult small breed dogs have a higher temperature (38.5⁰-39.0⁰) than adult dogs of large breeds (37.4⁰-38.3⁰). Temperature changes, in some cases, may depend on individual characteristics, sexual cycle, physiological state. Don’t worry if your dog’s body temperature rises slightly in a stressful situation. after visiting a veterinary clinic or after giving birth.
But it should be remembered that the increase should not be more than 1 degree Celsius. If you deviate from this norm, take a closer look at your pet. Urgent medical care is needed if the temperature is above 41 ° C. such a high temperature in a dog is dangerous to her life.
How to measure temperature in a dog?
To know what your dog’s normal temperature is, you need to measure it periodically. The first time the dog may not like this manipulation, but then he will get used to it. Even if you don’t do it regularly, if you suspect you have a temperature, take it before visiting your veterinarian. Most likely, the dog will show you, its owner, more confidence and with less worries will endure this procedure in a calm home environment. Every owner should know how to measure the temperature of a dog. The temperature is measured rectally. This can be done with a special rectal thermometer, but an ordinary mercury or electronic thermometer is also quite suitable. First, prepare a thermometer: zero the readings, grease the tip of the thermometer with cream. An electronic thermometer is more convenient. the dog will have to endure only 1 minute, a little more time. It will take 2-3 minutes to measure the temperature with a mercury thermometer. Do not forget to talk to the dog affectionately during the procedure, and then treat it to something delicious.
Temperature symptoms in a dog
Contrary to popular belief, nasal dryness, moisture is not an indicator of body temperature. The main symptoms of a dog’s temperature are:
- lack or decrease in appetite;
- increased thirst;
Low temperature in a dog
A low temperature in a dog is also considered a deviation from the norm. This can happen, for example, after an operation, in which case you need to cover it warmer and be sure to consult a veterinarian. The body temperature of a pregnant dog can also change, before giving birth it drops by one degree compared to the norm (up to 37-37.5 ° C). The normal body temperature of a newborn puppy on the first day is also slightly lower than usual. 33-36 ° C, about 15-20 days it will be about 36.5-38 ° C. During this period, it is desirable for the puppy to provide optimal conditions. Even short-term hypothermia can lead to a worsening of his condition.
The temperature of a dog without vomiting and diarrhea, grows and cannot be brought down, how to treat
An increase in temperature is a signal for the presence or exacerbation of a disease. Simply by lowering the temperature, the ailment cannot be cured, so you should not drag out the time. if the body temperature of the dog rises, you need to contact the veterinarians.
The temperature of the dog vomited does not eat, does not drink what to do at home
Ideally, if the dog has a fever, vomited, or the animal has completely lost its appetite, then you need to see a doctor. If the condition of the dog does not cause fear for its life, then you can leave the animal alone for a while by placing a bowl of water next to it. If after a day the dog’s well-being has not stabilized, then you need to find an opportunity to get an appointment with a veterinarian.
What is the normal temperature in dogs in summer in the heat and how to measure it and how much to measure
Normal body temperature in dogs is 37.5-39 degrees. To take measurements, you need to have a separate thermometer.
Mercury thermometers have become a heritage of the last century. Using such a thermometer, the owner will need to hold his pet in a very uncomfortable position for at least 3-5 minutes, because the temperature is measured in the anus. The modern type of thermometers is electric. With its help, the procedure for measuring the temperature will take 20-30 seconds, and the thermometer itself will give a signal when it can be obtained.
In the summer heat, the temperature of the dog may rise slightly by 0.5-1.5 degrees from the norm.
Temperature in a dog
Since any pet may have a fever, it will not be superfluous to know how to act in such a case, what to look for and how you can help at home before the veterinarian arrives.
Do not self-medicate, as only an experienced veterinarian can make an accurate diagnosis and suggest the correct treatment regimen for a puppy or adult dog. Alas, in the case of self-medication, veterinarians say that today the statistics of deaths is increasing, so this decision is not optimal.
Fever in a dog from injections, dog bite, tick, for no apparent reason, medication
If the dog’s temperature rises after the injection, then this nuance must be communicated to the doctor who prescribed the drug for injection. it is possible that the drug should be urgently canceled, otherwise the subsequent reaction of the body to its administration may become unpredictable.
If a dog has a fever after being bitten by another dog, then there is a high probability of developing phlegmon at the site of the bite. If you do not take any measures, purulent inflammation can cause purulent-resorptive fever and the animal may die. An increase in temperature after a tick bite is a symptom of piroplasmosis. The mortality rate from this disease is very high.
There is no rise in temperature for no apparent reason. The easiest one is if the dog is hot. Worse if the fever is due to illness. In any case, you need to look for help not on the Internet, but from a qualified veterinarian.
Temperature in a dog symptoms home treatment
The symptoms of a high fever are:
– chills and tremors;
– lack or decrease in appetite;
– increased heartbeat;
– rapid breathing;
– noticed oddities in behavior.
You can bring down the temperature of a dog at home if:
– put a cold compress or ice on the inner thighs or neck. In the summertime, you can place the animal in a cooler place or cool the room with an air conditioner;
– give antipyretics;
– forcing the dog to drink a lot.
Temperature in dogs, puppies, kittens and cats is normal, after vaccination and for small breed, during and on the day of childbirth, a week and an hour before and after childbirth, false pregnancy
If for people a temperature of 36.6 is considered normal, then in dogs its values should be in the range of 37.5-39 degrees, puppies and small breeds of dogs. 38.5-39.2, kittens. 38.5-39.5, adult cats and cats. 38-39 degrees.
After vaccination, the body temperature of animals may rise slightly. This is permissible and is considered normal. the body is fighting the injected strain. A week before giving birth, the dog should have a normal temperature, before giving birth, it is observed to decrease, and after giving birth, on the contrary, an increase. Then everything goes back to normal. With a false pregnancy, the bitch’s body temperature will be slightly elevated.
Temperature in a dog during estrus
A slight increase in body temperature in a dog during estrus is considered normal and does not require any intervention.
What to do if your dog has a high fever
So, based on the foregoing, the following main factors can be identified that cause an increase in temperature:
- Infectious pathologies;
- Neoplasms of various origins;
- Penetration of various allergens;
- Metabolic disorders;
- The negative effects of heat.
You can measure the temperature in other ways:
- The thermometer is placed in the oral cavity of the animal. this method can be used for calm, absolutely obedient pets who will not chew on the thermometer.
- In dogs with a hairless or bare belly, the temperature can be measured in the groin by wrapping the thermometer in a fold of skin and holding it there until the end of the procedure.
The environment must be calm, otherwise the dog can get very worried and break the thermometer, which is very dangerous when using mercury devices. To calm the animal, talk to him, feed him all sorts of delicacies. If the thermometer indicates increased / decreased indicators without clearly defined reasons, what to do at such a temperature in dogs can only be said by an experienced specialist.
The dog’s temperature is abnormal, what should I do? Veterinarian advice
In dogs, body temperature is one of the main criteria by which the general condition of the body is assessed. Its normal indicators in different breeds differ significantly due to physiological characteristics and temperament. For puppies, this is a special conversation. Therefore, you should remember the norm and figure out what to do when the dog’s temperature is high or low.
There are also serious negative effects on the animal’s body:
- The brain does not receive enough nutrition. the dog is depressed, inhibited, sometimes it can lose consciousness (in severe cases).
- The load on the heart increases.
- The gastrointestinal tract functions abnormally. the secretion of saliva / pancreatic juice decreases, less gastric juice is secreted, less bile, intestinal motility decreases.
- In the dog’s body, water-salt metabolism is disturbed, urination increases, fluid is lost due to rapid breathing. As a result. rapid dehydration, which entails a change in the composition of the blood, which means that the nutrition of the brain and heart will worsen.
Increased temperature: benefits and harms
- Heat transfer is physically impossible or impaired for various reasons;
- Special heat retention mechanisms are turned on.
For the first case, the ideal example would be. the dog is locked in a car without air conditioning in hot weather. The animal overheats, receives heatstroke very quickly. at the same time, too much heat is generated in its body that cannot be removed properly.
The second option is that heat is retained specifically to fight viruses, bacteria, and various pathological substances. In this case, the increased temperature is caused by the presence of pyrogens (any substances that cause fever) in the body. Pyrogens can be:
- residues from the vital activity of viruses / bacteria;
- formed during traumatic injuries or during the decay of neoplasms, destroyed tissue;
- various substances that cause allergic manifestations.
Thus, in case of infectious pathologies, injuries and the presence of neoplasms, an elevated temperature acts as a protective reaction. It enhances metabolic processes, as a result of which the production of interferon and antibodies is accelerated, which means that the body becomes more resistant to various pathological factors. Many pathogens lose their ability to multiply.
What to do when your dog has an abnormal temperature
Increased indicators are always alarming, while thoughts of infectious pathology immediately arise. You should not immediately worry, since when infected with bacteria or viruses, the temperature is also accompanied by:
- discoloration of the mucous membranes;
- poor appetite or complete refusal to eat.
But the owners do not always pay attention to the lowered temperature, combined with drowsiness, decreased activity of the pet. Although this alarming symptom may indicate:
- serious violations of cardiovascular activity;
- various traumatic injuries;
- renal failure and other conditions most dangerous for the dog.
We will consider all the nuances of this problem in detail in our article and tell you what to do if the dog’s temperature is different from the norm.
A drop in temperature is a reason to sound the alarm
Lowering the temperature (the condition is also called hypothermia). the temperature drops below 37.5 degrees. Observed when the heat transfer process prevails over the heat production process.