This is a lesion of the respiratory system of an infectious etiology that occurs when infected with the influenza virus. The transmission mechanism is airborne, contact. The virus is secreted by a sick person with particles of saliva, sputum. Pneumonia (inflammation of the lung tissue) becomes a frequent and dangerous complication. The following symptoms are characteristic:
- Weakness, headache.
- Muscle pain.
- Decreased appetite.
- Runny nose, cough.
The headache is concentrated in the forehead, worse with eye movement. If pneumonia develops, persistent fever, shortness of breath, cough with frothy bloody sputum appear.
What to do when temperatures reach 40 ° C and above? A medical emergency is required. The patient must be in bed; physical activity is excluded, abundant drink is provided (tea, water, rosehip broth, etc.). Antipyretic drugs (ibuprofen, paracetamol), interferon preparations, oseltamivir or remantadine, glucocorticosteroids (prednisolone) are used, detoxification therapy (glucose solution, rheopolyglucin), oxygen therapy.
You can name a truly huge number of probable reasons for an increase in body temperature. among them intoxication, radiation damage, endocrine disorders and malignant neoplasms. Still, a temperature of 40 ° C in an adult makes you think first of all about the infection. Infectious pathologies are distinguished by a variety of clinical signs, and one of the determining factors in the course of the disease is immune reactivity. a reaction to the penetration of pathogenic agents. Fever in this case is an example of a typical protective and adaptive process and is characterized by similar manifestations in various types of infectious diseases.
A temperature from 39 to 40 degrees is called febrile; it is necessary to assume the diagnosis, relying not only on the numbers of temperature indicators, but also taking into account the symptoms that are observed in the patient. The most striking examples of infectious diseases accompanied by febrile fever are:
- Infectious mononucleosis.
In an adult, a temperature of 40 ° C without symptoms may be the initial sign of hyperthyroidism (increased functional activity of the thyroid gland), leukemia (tumor disease of the hematopoietic tissue).
Rare cases of febrile fever without other manifestations are recorded in athletes. A temperature of about 40 ° C without symptoms sometimes characterizes the course of systemic lesions of the connective tissue.
This is an acute infectious disease caused by Provachek’s rickettsia. The carriers of the pathogen are lice (most often wardrobe or head lice) that bite a sick person. Infection occurs when lice feces are rubbed into scratches on the skin, in the digestive tract of which rickettsiae multiply. With particles of nasal or bronchial secretions, the fecal-oral route, typhus is not transmitted. The incubation period is about 2 weeks.
- Weakness, dizziness, shortness of breath;
- Lack of appetite, vomiting;
- Anxiety, agitation;
- Muscle pain, dry mouth, thirst;
- Insomnia or sleep with nightmares;
- Temperature rise to 39–40 ° C;
- The appearance of a rash.
The headache is excruciating, aggravated by a change in body position and during a conversation. Roseolous-petechial rash is observed from 4-6 days of the disease, localized behind the ears, as well as on the lateral surfaces of the neck, trunk, inner thighs, flexion surface of the upper extremities. A gray or brown coating appears on the tongue. The face looks puffy, the eyes turn red (“rabbit”). The liver and spleen are enlarged (hepatosplenomegaly). When the temperature rises, there may be disorders of consciousness in the form of delirium, hallucinations.
Apply antibacterial therapy (doxycycline, tetracycline), intravenous infusion of saline and glucose, sedatives (diazepam), anticoagulants (heparin).
40 in an adult. causes and treatment
An infectious disease provoked by the human herpesvirus type 4. Infection is carried out by airborne droplets and by contact, the source of infection is a patient or a virus carrier. The duration of the incubation period is from 4 to 50 days.
The onset is acute; patients are worried about weakness, decreased appetite, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes (cervical, occipital, submandibular). A dirty gray or yellowish coating appears on the swollen tonsils. Nasal breathing is difficult, the voice is nasal. Hepatosplenomegaly and jaundice are noted. Fever can be either subfebrile or febrile and last from several days to 4 weeks.
What if an adult’s temperature rises to 40 ° C? Patients with infectious mononucleosis with febrile fever with jaundice are hospitalized. Requires abundant drink, diet (table number 5), rinsing the oropharynx with antiseptic solutions. Use interferon alpha, acyclovir, antibacterial drugs (clarithromycin, cefepime), antipyretics (paracetamol, ibuprofen).
High fever in a dog
A high temperature in a dog, exceeding 39.5 ° C (a lower one is considered normal), can be caused by the following main reasons.
- The beginning of the work of the protective function of the body, designed to protect it, for example, from harmful pathogens of various diseases (viruses, microbes, etc.), which have invaded the body of the animal. In other words, a fever often indicates that your pet is sick. It makes sense, isn’t it? over, this symptom indicates a very serious disease, which can be an inflammatory process (wounds, abscesses, arthritis, etc.) or the presence of a dangerous infection. Of course, there are exceptions when the protective function is turned on not due to illness, but due to a recent vaccination, teething, sudden allergies or severe worm.
- Creating conditions under which the dog is exposed to strong heating (heat outside, too warm room, etc.), as a result of which he begins to have heat or sunstroke.
- A banal stressful situation (of course, if a dog has a temperature of 40 and above, stress cannot be the cause, in 99% of cases this indicates that the body is not able to cope with the disease on its own and needs urgent medical attention! for example:
- Change of owner, moving to a new family or to a new home,
- Trips to unfamiliar places,
- Psychological and physical overload that the dog is unable to cope with (rough treatment, participation in exhibitions),
- And, finally, going to the veterinary clinic is an event that does not bring joy to any animal (in this situation, in order to obtain the correct result, it is recommended to measure the temperature again after an hour and a half, that is, after the “patient” slightly adapts to the new environment and stop worrying too much).
In the second and third cases, it is enough to simply exclude factors that cause a negative reaction, for example: do not allow the dog to be in the sun for a long time and regularly ventilate the room in which it lives, or try to change the situation that led to severe stress.
If you find that the temperature in a dog, which should be treated immediately, could not be caused by either heat or stress, then your pet is sick. How to do it right in this case?
Firstly, it is not recommended to knock down the temperature yourself with the help of any medication. Since, without a doctor’s prescription, such methods can cause more harm to the pet than good. But you can alleviate the condition of the dog in the following ways:
- Offer her slightly chilled water;
- Stroke it with a hand dipped in cold water;
- Apply an ice bottle wrapped in a thin towel to the inner thighs;
- Create a shade around it (that is, protect from the sun) or open windows.
Second, try to determine if your pet has any other obvious signs of illness. For example, if a dog’s temperature is 39, weakness and she refuses to eat, it can be concluded that she is not healthy, although 39 degrees is the norm. Any unusual behavior of the animal should alert the owner.
Third, be sure to visit your veterinarian. As you can imagine, knowing only that the dog is sick, you cannot help him. It is necessary to conduct research and take tests to determine the correct diagnosis and prescribe treatment. For this you will need:
- Examine the animal carefully;
- Examine the body for infections;
- Pass urine, blood test;
- Conduct an ultrasound examination;
- Take x-rays and other procedures at the discretion of the therapist.
Only after the disease is identified, the doctor will be able to prescribe treatment. As a rule, at high temperatures, first of all, antipyretic drugs suitable for a particular patient are used, and droppers are also placed to prevent dehydration and other dangerous consequences.
Most importantly, in no case ignore the rise in temperature in your pet, as in itself it can lead to dire consequences, such as:
- Violation of the functioning of vital organs;
- Frequent (or intermittent) heartbeat
- Severe diarrhea with vomiting;
- Intestinal and other bleeding;
If there is no way to immediately consult a specialist, you can bring down the temperature with an intramuscular injection in the thigh. Take 0.5 ml of diphenhydramine, 1 ml of noshpa, 2 ml of analginum and draw up these drugs in the indicated proportions in one syringe. For small breed dogs and puppies, take half the dose. Remember, this is emergency help! With the help of such an injection, you cannot cure a dog, it will only bring temporary relief, but the cause that caused the discomfort will not go away.
When to worry?
The normal value for adults and young puppies is different. In dwarf breeds, it can be slightly increased, and this will not be considered a deviation. The temperature norm in dogs is presented in the table, which contains the average values for different age and size groups.
|Puppies of various breeds||Body temperature norm, in ⁰С|
|1. Puppies of large and giant breeds (Great Dane, St. Bernard, Caucasian and Central Asian Shepherd Dogs, etc.)||38.2. 39|
|2. Puppies of medium breeds (huskies, huskies, spaniels, etc.)||38.3. 39.1|
|3. Puppies of small breeds (Russian toy, pugs, miniature schnauzers, etc.)||38.5. 39.2|
|Adult animals of various breeds||Body temperature norm, in ⁰С|
|1. Large breeds||37.4. 38.3|
|2. Medium breeds||37.5. 39.0|
|3. Small breeds (normal temperature in dogs of small breeds such as York, Shit-tsu, Papillon)||38.5. 39.0|
The body temperature in dogs is normal if it is within the range shown in the table. In addition, there are additional tolerances for different situations. Temperature in a dog: the norm can increase under stress (up to 0.3 ° C), on hot days, after intense training, during estrus. In bitches before giving birth, on the contrary, it decreases by 0.5-2⁰С.
There is an opinion that the temperature can be determined by the nose, but this is a delusion. Sometimes hot ears and groin feel hot to the touch, but these signs cannot be relied upon.
How to bring down the temperature?
What to do if your pet has a fever? If the value of the indicator is very high (above 40⁰С), the best solution would be to take the pet to a veterinary clinic.
What to do if a dog has a fever but veterinarian assistance is not available? If your pet has a high fever, follow these guidelines:
- Moisten ears, groin and paw pads with cold water;
- You can put a wet towel on your head;
- Move the dog to a cool place (on the tiles in the bathroom, on the balcony, etc.);
- Give your pet cold fresh water;
- Mix three drugs in a syringe: No-Shpu, Analgin and Diphenhydramine (check the dosage with the doctor by phone, it is calculated by the weight of the animal) and enter this mixture intramuscularly to the dog.
How to bring down a dog’s temperature and avoid severe dehydration? To do this, inject saline with a syringe under the skin on the withers (up to 50 ml for small dogs, up to 200 ml for large dogs).
If the measures taken are not enough, try to call a specialist at home or take your pet to the veterinary clinic. A high rate is a sign of a disease, it can be a symptom of tick-borne piroplasmosis, viral enteritis, postpartum eclampsia, or common poisoning.
How to measure?
A thermometer is used to measure (mercury gives more accurate readings, but the electronic one shows the result faster). It is injected rectally (into the dog’s anus). Here is an algorithm on how to measure the temperature of a dog correctly:
- Calm the pet, lay it on its side, stroke its belly. The dog needs to relax.
- The tip of the thermometer is smeared with oily ointment (baby cream is usually used for this purpose).
- The tail of the animal is raised, the thermometer is slowly introduced into the rectum (2-2.5 cm. for large individuals, 1-1.5 cm. for small ones).
- While the measurement is in progress, talk to the pet, stroke it, treat it with your favorite treat.
- After the end of the measurement (5 minutes for mercury thermometers, 30-40 seconds for electronic ones), carefully remove the thermometer, praise the animal, write down the data obtained. Wash the thermometer and hands with warm soapy water, if necessary, disinfect with an alcohol solution.
Thanks to this algorithm, you can easily find out the state of your pet. Treat your dog gently and calmly, do not frighten him.
What is the temperature norm in dogs, how to measure it and what to do if it is elevated, knock it down?
Temperature is one of the main indicators of the well-being of both people and animals. Its increase or decrease indicates that something is wrong with the pet.
What is the normal temperature for a dog? How to measure it at home, and what to do if it is severely lowered or raised?
How to raise the temperature?
If the indicator drops below 37-35⁰С, a chill appears, then the pet needs to be warmed up. To do this, wrap the dog in a shawl or warm woolen blanket, place a heating pad or a bottle of hot water on the back and stomach (be sure to wrap it in a towel). An indicator of 32-28 ° C is considered critical (in this case, the pet should be immediately taken to the clinic).
Temperature is an important indicator by which you can recognize in time the onset of a disease to which a dog may be susceptible. But its increase does not always indicate the presence of an ailment.
Also read about what temperature your dog should have and how to measure it:
Increased body temperature in a dog
Yunkina Anastasia Alexandrovna
An increase in body temperature in animals can only be judged by the readings of a thermometer.
Therefore, every owner should be able to measure the body temperature of his pet.
Why does the temperature rise?
The mechanism of temperature increase is based on an imbalance between the process of heat generation, the so-called heat production, and the process of heat transfer. And this balance is disturbed under the influence of both external and internal factors. And there are a lot of such factors. For instance:
- When the body overheats as a result of heat stroke, the flow of heat from the external environment significantly exceeds the body’s ability to give off heat. As a result, body temperature can reach a critical level of more than 41 ° C.
- With the introduction of pathogens of infectious diseases, the temperature rises as a result of the development of a protective and adaptive reaction of the body. This reaction is called “fever”. Many non-communicable and surgical diseases are also associated with fever.
- Under stress, a short-term increase in temperature occurs in a healthy animal. Major stressors for dogs. These are long journeys, change of home, long separation from the owner, physical overload, emotional overload, for example, an exhibition.
Separately, I would like to say about visiting a veterinary clinic.
For most dogs, this is the cause of the development of stress, and, consequently, an increase in body temperature. Therefore, the following situation often develops: the doctor, before being vaccinated, measures the patient’s body temperature, and it turns out to be elevated. Only a healthy animal can be vaccinated. In this case, the doctor refuses to vaccinate your dog until the cause of the fever is found out. Stress or illness.
If your pet is agitated, but felt good before, and there are no other signs of discomfort, the doctor will recommend that you re-measure the temperature after a while, when the dog gets used to the environment.
The dog’s body temperature is elevated. You have eliminated the development of stress. So this is a sign of illness.
What to do?
If the body temperature is 39.5-40 ° C: carefully examine the dog, remember what happened to your pet over the past few days. You may be able to establish the cause of the rise in temperature or identify any signs of illness. In any case, it is necessary to show the dog to the doctor on the same day.
A significant increase in temperature, above 40-41 ° C, requires immediate medical attention and emergency care.
Owners need to know:
- An increase in body temperature above 40.5 ° C leads to a loss of fluid from the body, to a decrease or lack of appetite, general depression, accompanied by a rapid heart rate and breathing
- A body temperature above 41.1 ° C leads to a critical loss of fluid from the body, can cause cerebral edema and serious disturbances in the work of internal organs, which are manifested by a rapid heartbeat and irregular heartbeats, severe shortness of breath, accompanied by wheezing, loss of consciousness, convulsions and impaired coordination of movements, diarrhea and vomiting, yellowing of the conjunctiva of the eyes and oral mucosa, lack of urine and the odor of acetone from the mouth, bleeding from the intestines and hemorrhages on the skin. Any of these complications can lead to the death of the animal in a short time.
If the temperature rises above 41 ° C, you should try to bring it down:
It is necessary to put ice on the neck and inner thighs, if this is not possible. Moisten the dog’s coat with cold water, provide cool water to drink in small portions.
You should not independently inject antipyretic drugs at home, give pills. Some of these drugs can do more harm than good.
Better to limit yourself to physical cooling methods.
It is important to get the animal to the doctor as soon as possible.!
The question often arises: go to the clinic or call a doctor at home?
Go to the clinic. An increase in body temperature is a nonspecific symptom of many diseases. Therefore, in animals with weakened vital functions, the diagnosis of the disease should be carried out against the background of supportive treatment. It is very important to make an accurate diagnosis of the underlying disease and do it as quickly as possible.
If, after a clinical examination of the patient, there is not enough information for making a diagnosis, additional studies will be prescribed, such as:
- Laboratory tests of blood and urine
- Infection testing
- Possibly measuring hormone levels
- X-ray and ultrasound.
It may also require consultation of narrow-profile specialists, for example, an endocrinologist, neuropathologist, oncologist, allergist.
In parallel, the doctor will correct the condition of the animal, if necessary, will begin infusion therapy (“droppers”) to replenish the loss of fluid, will introduce antipyretic drugs in the required dose.
If the condition of the dog turns out to be critical, the doctor will strongly recommend that the patient be admitted to a hospital under the supervision of qualified personnel who monitor and maintain adequate functioning of the heart, lungs, kidneys and other internal organs around the clock.
When you detect a fever in your pet, remember how bad it gets for you when you get a cold, how exhausting the high temperature is. Your friend is experiencing the same feeling. Help him in difficult times.
Thus, the main infectious causes can be:
- ARVI and influenza viral infections;
Especially dangerous infections and their causative agents: cholera, plague, yellow fever, anthrax.
Respiratory tract infections: rhinitis, sinusitis, pharyngitis, tuberculosis, pneumonia.
Infections of the genitourinary system:
- Gonorrhea, candidiasis, chlamydia, herpes;
Urgent medical attention is needed if one or more of the following concomitant symptoms are found:
- High sleepiness;
- Severe sore throat that interferes with swallowing
- Increased salivation;
- Chest pain;
- Labored breathing;
- Frequent vomiting;
- Blood in the stool
- Abdominal pain;
- Confusion and loss of consciousness;
- Inflammation or swelling of any part of the body.
Some of these dangerous diseases, in addition to high fever, may be asymptomatic.
what do, if at an adult temperature rose to 40 ° C?
In order to avoid serious consequences, a high temperature exceeding 38.5 degrees in adults must be lowered, not to mention a higher 39-40 ° C.
How to bring down the temperature of 40 ° C in an adult? Before answering this question, it is worth recalling that a visit to a doctor is necessary, and a decrease in such a high temperature is only a temporary measure aimed at alleviating the patient’s condition, before the arrival of an ambulance. It is unacceptable to be limited only to taking antipyretics, ignoring the root cause of the fever.
A quick effect can be achieved by taking a set of measures at home:
Take a febrifuge. The first place among these, in terms of safety and with the least number of side effects, is Paracetamol and other drugs based on it:
Strong antipyretic at 40 ° C. Is Aspirin. The main active ingredient of which is acetylsalicylic acid. Aspirin has a wider range of side effects than paracetamol. In particular, it should not be taken in case of flu, as well as any blood diseases. In addition, it is contraindicated in children.
Ibuprofen and Voltaren help to bring down the temperature well. They also help relieve pain. Many of these drugs have a number of contraindications, so you should read the instructions before taking them.
Antipyretics should be drunk every 4-6 hours, but no more than 3 times a day. Powders are more effective and fast-acting. It is especially important to cope with hyperthermia as quickly as possible for people suffering from the following diseases:
- Diseases of the central nervous system;
- Suffering from chronic heart and lung diseases.
You will also be interested in:
- How to bring down a temperature of 41 in adults and children
- What happens to the body at a temperature of 42 and how to bring it down
There are many reasons why the temperature rises to 40 degrees. In 80% of cases, they are colds, infectious diseases and influenza viruses. Nevertheless, hyperthermia can be a symptom of the development of more serious diseases.
Temperature 40 in an adult what to do and how to bring it down correctly
A high temperature is the body’s reaction to viruses attacking it, pathogenic bacteria, as well as ongoing inflammatory processes. In most cases, no special medication is required to reduce it.
Doctors do not recommend taking any medications if it does not exceed 38.5 degrees in an adult.
But what if the temperature rises to 40 ° C? This may indicate the presence of very serious diseases, which should not be delayed.
Contraindications and recommendations
It is important to remember that taking such drugs is prohibited if the sick person has symptoms such as pain in internal organs, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea. For any of them, you must call an ambulance as soon as possible.
In addition to taking antipyretics, the patient needs to create the following conditions:
- Bed rest;
- The room where the patient is located should be regularly ventilated. The ideal air temperature is 20 degrees;
- The patient’s clothing should be lightweight made of natural fabric;
- Change bedding regularly.
It is very important to follow the drinking regime. To remove harmful substances from the body, you need to consume a lot of fluids. An excellent option would be warm tea with lemon, honey, ginger, cranberry juice, linden tea, mint.
Cool compresses on the forehead and rubdowns help well.
What absolutely cannot be done at high temperatures is:
- Wrap the patient, especially with severe chills;
- Make warming compresses from mustard plasters and apply a heating pad;
- Drink very hot drinks, especially raspberry tea, which can cause severe dehydration
- Take baths and showers with cold water;
- Drinking alcohol.
Further treatment of the patient is prescribed after identifying the reasons that caused the hyperthermia and making a diagnosis.
In most cases, taking antibiotics helps to get rid of serious diseases. Only they are able to effectively and quickly cope with bacterial infections, which are often the main causes of a high temperature of 40 ° C.
In particular, they are prescribed for the treatment of such dangerous diseases as meningitis, tuberculosis, tonsillitis, pneumonia, diphtheria, scarlet fever, purulent infections, bronchitis, during inflammation of rheumatic diseases.
Antibiotics are prescribed only on the recommendation of a doctor, after excluding contraindications.
At a high temperature of 40 degrees and above, urgent hospitalization is indicated with further therapy in a hospital under the supervision of specialists.
Danger of temperature 40 ° C
The causes of hyperthermia can be very different, from simple overwork to very serious, which can lead to serious and irreversible consequences.
A temperature of 40 degrees causes a very heavy load on the patient’s heart, which is a great danger for people with problems with the cardiovascular system or metabolism, since blood circulation is impaired.
In addition, fever with pyretic thermometer values causes disruption in the functioning of the brain and central nervous system, leading to a decrease in blood pressure. Untimely assistance can have serious consequences for life and health.
Therefore, if the temperature of an adult rises to 40 ° C, the first thing to do is to take any effective antipyretic agent, having previously familiarized yourself with its contraindications.
After that, you need to consult a doctor to find out the reasons for this condition.
Causes of high fever without symptoms
If the temperature of 40 degrees in an adult without other symptoms lasts for several days, this may be the reason for the following serious diseases:
- If during the day the temperature drops, then rises again, this may be a sign of tuberculosis or an accumulation of pus;
- Typhoid fever. This disease is also characterized by a rise in high body temperature without other visible symptoms;
- Various injuries and tissue damage can also lead to a temperature of 40;
- Benign and malignant neoplasms;
- Endocrine diseases (goiter, hyperthyroidism, porphyria);
- Myocardial infarction;
- Blood diseases (leukemia, lymphoma);
- Infective endocarditis. May occur after acute respiratory viral infections, tonsillitis, flu on the legs;
- Meningococcal infection. A very dangerous and insidious disease that is difficult to diagnose in time. Not started treatment on time is often fatal;
- Chronic pyelonephritis;
- Rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory diseases of the joints;
- Development of catarrhal sore throat;
- Allergic reaction;
- Lupus erythematosus.
What to do at 40 ° C without additional symptoms?
To lower the temperature, you should take an antipyretic agent, but to identify the true cause of this condition, you need to undergo a full medical examination.
Only after a correctly established diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe the only correct treatment for the underlying cause.
A temperature of 40 ° C and without symptoms can also be the result of the following conditions that are safe for life and health that do not require special treatment:
- Overwork, stress and severe nervous strain;
- After prolonged exposure to the sun. High temperatures may arise from suffering heatstroke and overheating;
- During the period of active growth and puberty. Especially common in adolescent boys.
Thus, in order to identify the true causes of the temperature rising to 40 degrees, you need to be examined by a doctor and pass a number of medical tests:
- General and biochemical blood test;
- Urine tests;
- Ultrasound, x-ray;
- Sputum analysis and others.
Correctly and timely diagnosed, in many cases will help save the patient’s life.
It is not recommended to self-medicate, to get involved in taking antipyretic drugs, especially if the high temperature lasts and does not subside for more than 3 days.
High temperature symptoms:
- Trembling, tremors;
- Poor appetite;
- Dehydration of the body;
- Rapid breathing;
- Also, the dog may behave strangely, not eat and hide from you.
High temperatures are easy to spot. This is done using a thermometer by inserting it into the anus. A body temperature above 39.4C is considered high. The animal’s medical history and routine physical examination will help determine the cause of the fever. A high fever in a dog is most often caused by an infection or a virus. Sometimes, making the correct diagnosis may require additional tests. These tests may include:
- Blood test or hemogram. The analysis will help determine the number of leukocytes, erythrocytes and platelets;
- Blood chemistry. Which allows you to determine the general condition of the animal’s body and the presence of the disease in the early stages;
- Blood smear. Allows you to determine the presence of a parasite in the body of an animal;
- Serological blood test to identify rare diseases (for example, those transmitted by ticks);
- Test for the presence of diseases of the immune system;
- Analysis of urine. Determination of urinary tract infections;
- X-ray. Definition of diseases such as pneumonia;
- Ultrasound. Determination of liver, kidney or heart disease;
- Biopsy of various tissues. If the causes of the high fever in the dog are not identified.
The dog’s temperature? What to do?
Possible causes of a high fever in a dog:
- Infection (in most cases it is a virus, parasite, or other microorganism);
- High activity of the immune system;
- Metabolic disease;
- Disorders in the endocrine system;
- Drug reactions;
- Reaction to toxic substances;
- Sometimes the exact cause cannot be determined (ex: fever of unknown origin)
Treatment for an animal with a high fever depends on the diagnosis and the complexity of the situation. Not always with a slight increase in temperature, you should panic, perhaps the body will cope with the infection or virus on its own.
If the diagnosis is not entirely obvious, then, based on the history and examination of the dog, the doctor will prescribe a course of antibiotic treatment. At a body temperature of 40C, medications are recommended to be taken to lower the temperature. Antipyretic drugs are usually prescribed for animals, but it all depends on the situation. Initially, an initial examination of the animal is required.
If the temperature does not go away after using antibiotics, the veterinarian prescribes additional tests, since there are many reasons for the fever in dogs.
For a free consultation with a veterinarian, call the phone numbers listed on the website. Call now!
In most cases, it is difficult to protect a dog from an increase in temperature, since it is a consequence of some process and is associated with an infection in the body. Care and clean living conditions, lack of contact with sick animals significantly reduces the chances of contracting any infection.
Temperature in a dog
By: Domsobaki October 27, 2016
Since any pet may have a fever, it will not be superfluous to know how to act in such a case, what to look for and how you can help at home before the veterinarian arrives.
Do not self-medicate, as only an experienced veterinarian can make an accurate diagnosis and suggest the correct treatment regimen for a puppy or an adult dog. Alas, in the case of self-medication, veterinarians say that today the statistics of deaths is increasing, so this decision is not optimal.
Temperature in a dog symptoms home treatment
The symptoms of high fever are:
– chills and tremors;
– lack or decrease in appetite;
– increased heart rate;
– rapid breathing;
– noticed oddities in behavior.
You can bring down the temperature of a dog at home if:
– put on the inner thighs or neck a cold compress or ice. In summer, you can place the animal in a cooler place or cool the room with an air conditioner;
– give antipyretics;
– forcing the dog to drink a lot.
What is the normal temperature in dogs in summer in the heat and how to measure it and how much to measure
Normal body temperature in dogs is 37.5-39 degrees. To take measurements, you need to have a separate thermometer.
Mercury thermometers have become a heritage of the last century. Using such a thermometer, the owner will need to hold his pet in a very uncomfortable position for at least 3-5 minutes, because the temperature is measured in the anus. The modern type of thermometers is electric. With its help, the procedure for measuring the temperature will take 20-30 seconds, and the thermometer itself will give a signal when it can be obtained.
In the summer heat, the temperature of the dog may rise slightly by 0.5-1.5 degrees from the norm.
Temperature in a dog during estrus
A slight increase in body temperature in a dog during estrus is considered normal and does not require any intervention.
Temperature in a dog from injections, dog bite, tick, for no apparent reason, medication
If the dog’s temperature rises after the injection, then this nuance must be reported to the doctor who prescribed the drug for injection. it is possible that the drug should be urgently canceled, otherwise the subsequent reaction of the body to its administration may become unpredictable.
If a dog has a fever after being bitten by another dog, then there is a high probability of developing phlegmon at the site of the bite. If no measures are taken, purulent inflammation can cause purulent-resorptive fever and the animal may die. An increase in temperature after a tick bite is a symptom of piroplasmosis. The mortality rate from this disease is very high.
There is no rise in temperature for no apparent reason. The easiest one is if the dog is hot. Worse if the fever is due to illness. In any case, you need to look for help not on the Internet, but from a qualified veterinarian.
The temperature of the dog vomited does not eat, does not drink what to do at home
Ideally, if the dog has a fever, has vomited, or the animal has completely lost its appetite, then you need to see a doctor. If the condition of the dog does not cause fear for its life, then you can leave the animal alone for a while by placing a bowl of water next to it. If after a day the dog’s state of health has not stabilized, then you need to find an opportunity to get an appointment with the veterinarian.
Temperature in dogs, puppies, kittens and cats is normal, after vaccination and for small breed, during and on the day of childbirth, a week and an hour before and after childbirth, false pregnancy
If a temperature of 36.6 is considered normal for people, then in dogs its values should be within 37.5-39 degrees, puppies and small breeds of dogs. 38.5-39.2, kittens. 38.5-39.5, adult cats and cats. 38-39 degrees.
After vaccination, the body temperature of animals may rise slightly. This is permissible and considered normal. the body is fighting the injected strain. A week before giving birth, the dog should have a normal temperature, before giving birth, it is observed to decrease, and after childbirth, on the contrary, an increase. Then everything is back to normal. With a false pregnancy, the bitch’s body temperature will be slightly increased.
The temperature of a dog without vomiting and diarrhea, grows and cannot be brought down, how to treat
An increase in temperature is a signal for the presence or exacerbation of a disease. Simply by lowering the temperature, the ailment cannot be cured, so you should not drag out the time. if the body temperature of the dog rises, you need to contact the veterinarians.
Fever in a dog disease
The temperature in a healthy dog is 38-39 degrees. If these indicators have reached 40 degrees and above, then this is a clear symptom of a serious infection or viral disease. Lowering the temperature below normal is also dangerous. hypothermia. This condition occurs as a result of poisoning, loss of strength, hypothermia, dehydration, or blood loss.
How to bring down a dog’s temperature
To reduce fever, you need to help the body cool down. A regular fan (not an air conditioner) can help.
Tips on how to bring down your dog’s temperature:
- Wet ears and paws with cool water.
- Turn on the fan and leave the pet for 20-30 minutes until the wet coat dries.
- Measure temperature readings. If they are not too low, then repeat the procedure.
You can give your pet paracetamol. Calculate the dose based on the fact that 1 tablet is calculated for 40 kg of weight. If the dog is smaller, then part of the pill is needed. Remember, this is a temporary remedy to relieve fever before going to the doctor, not a solution.
If you suspect that your pet has an infectious disease, then a doctor should prescribe treatment. This will most likely be a course of antibiotics designed to kill bacteria that have entered the body. It is not worth making an appointment on your own, even if the doctor prescribed antibiotics the last time. Then and now the pet may have different diseases, so the previous drug may not help him.
Why high temperature is dangerous
Temperatures of 41 ° C and above can damage the internal organs of the pet and lead to death. If you cannot cope with the fever on your own within 1-2 days, then you need to show the animal to a specialist. In the veterinary clinic, the pet will be provided with professional assistance.
What is the normal temperature in dogs
The normal body temperature of a dog is higher than that of a human. The range from 37.8 ° C to 39.2 ° C is considered normal. Like humans, temperature in dogs can rise or fall for a variety of reasons, including:
- Ambient air temperature;
- Poisoning with something toxic.
Usually there is nothing very dangerous about this. But there are always exceptions. If the indicator falls below 37.2 ° C or rises above 40 ° C, then the pet should be immediately shown to the veterinarian. Especially if you notice other symptoms of ill health, for example:
- Decreased activity;
- Excessive shortness of breath
- Discharge from the eyes or nose;
- Diarrhea and vomiting;
- Discoloration of mucous membranes or inflammation.
It is also necessary to take into account physiological abnormalities that are not considered a disease.
|Criterion that affects performance||Temperature range and its features|
|Age||Puppies have a higher body temperature than adults. It ranges from 38.5 ° C to 39 ° C. This is their natural feature. Puppies cannot regulate their body temperature. Therefore, nature prudently increased it a little, so that in the absence of a female in the den, they would not overcooled. Permissible fluctuations are 0.3–0.5 ° C. From 6 months of age, the temperature indicators of puppies become the same as in adult animals.|
|Weight category||For small dogs, the correct values are within 38.6 °. 39.4 ° C. For medium-sized animals, this value ranges from 37.8 ° C to 39.2 ° C. For large dogs, it coincides with the physiological norm and is 38.3 ° C. 39 ° C.|
|Weather||They cause deviations of 0.5-1.5 ° C from the standard indicators. In order to decrease or increase body temperature, the dog moves to the shade or, conversely, to a sunny area.|
You can measure the temperature of a dog rectally with an electronic thermometer. Better if it has a flexible tip. The use of glass and mercury is prohibited. They can accidentally crash and cause irreparable harm to the animal.
Temperature measurement rules:
- Lubricate the tip of the thermometer with Vaseline and insert into the anus 3-4 cm. The distance depends on the size of the dog. Turn on “start”.
- Hold the thermometer for 60 seconds until it beeps.
- Remove carefully and look at the reading.
Allergy symptoms usually include:
- Runny nose;
As a rule, allergies do not cause fever. If the dog has a fever, it means that an infection has begun to develop in the body weakened by the allergy. It can be both bacterial and viral.
Infectious diseases are one of the main causes of fever. In this case, an increase in temperature indicators occurs due to chemicals, pyrogens, which are present in the bloodstream. They get to the hypothalamus in the brain (this is a specialized temperature regulator in the body), bind there with certain receptors. Because of this, the body begins to fever, other symptoms of the disease appear.
The infection can be in any organ of the body, for example:
- In the lungs (pneumonia);
- Kidney (pyelonephritis);
- Brain (encephalitis), etc.
Symptoms that accompany fever will depend on the infectious disease detected.
Why does the temperature rise to 40 degrees
Fever means the dog’s body temperature is between 39.4 ° C and 41 ° C. A reading over 41 ° C is considered life-threatening. Fever is often the body’s response to inflammation or infection. An increase in temperature occurs in order to destroy the pathogen that has entered the body.
It should also be borne in mind that infection will be accompanied by other symptoms. If there are only vague complaints of fever, then it can be difficult to diagnose the problem.
The main causes of fever in dogs are:
The influence of external factors and physical activity
If the pet is in a room with an air temperature of about 21 ° C, then the indicators for his body must correspond to the physiological norm. If this is not the case, then start by looking at simple reasons:
- A dog that has just been actively running may have slightly higher scores. Wait 10 minutes and measure again. they should be back to normal.
- If the pet is stressed, the temperature may rise. This is especially true for a female preparing for childbirth.
- Consumption of substances poisonous to dogs, including stale food, bites of poisonous insects, can also cause fever.
There are times when determining the cause of a fever is difficult. It can be caused by:
- Autoimmune disease;
- Bone marrow problems;
- Undiagnosed infections;
Fever is observed in various cancers, most often with lymphomas, leukemias, multiple myeloma, liver neoplasms. This condition is necessarily accompanied by hematological abnormalities in the blood test.
Fever can be a side effect of getting vaccinated. Temperatures usually return to normal within 24 to 48 hours. In this situation, nothing needs to be done, but it is imperative to provide the dog with drinking water.