Treatment and nutrition of a sick and recovering dog
The bite of an infectious tick in a dog causes symptoms that require treatment and special nutrition, that is, a complex for caring for a sick animal.
After the dog has been bitten by a tick and piroplasmosis is detected, it is transferred to a diet and adheres to this regimen until complete recovery.
- Meals include a light diet without heavy animal fats. chicken fillet, beef tenderloin, oatmeal.
- Food must be freshly prepared, water must be clean, you can drink rosehip broth without sugar.
- The veterinarian, in order not to prepare food for the dog every time, can advise a ready-made commercial food suitable for this period.
- The sparing regime also applies to walking. training, hunting, competitions and exhibitions are postponed until the veterinarian allows.
- The load on the body of a recovering dog should be minimal. a leisurely step, short walks for short distances, restrictions on outdoor games.
The duration of treatment and recovery of the dog depends on the severity of the infection, and may take 1. 2 months or more. To control severely ill-tolerated dogs, you will have to donate blood again and show the pet to the doctor.
How is piroplasmosis treated?
Treatment for an infected dog after a tick bite is based on laboratory findings. Blood under a microscope clearly shows the presence of pyroplasmas. The therapy is aimed in a complex at destroying pathogens and cleansing the dog’s body from intoxication caused by the activity of the infection.
- Treatment is prescribed exclusively by a veterinarian, self-medication is unacceptable and entails negative consequences for the dog.
- You can often find folk advice on how to treat a dog after a tick bite. Exotic recipes are offered, up to the infusion of vodka.
- This is absolutely not worth doing! Not only will such alternative therapy not help the dog, but also a precious chance will be missed to really cure the pet.!
Important! The sooner the pet is treated, the more opportunities the dog has to survive and recover without consequences.!
What to do if a tick is not found on a dog, but there are symptoms of piroplasmosis
Very often there is a picture when no tick was found in the dog, and the dog suddenly falls ill, and the symptomatology resembles piroplasmosis.
- This phenomenon can be explained by the fact that either, when examining the dog, the parasite had not yet had time to suck, but only wandered in the wool in search of a convenient place, or, having satiated, had already fallen off without being detected.
- Such cases are dangerous in that the owners write off the dog’s malaise by accidental poisoning or some other disease, and sometimes they begin their own improper treatment.
- The absence of a protruding bloodsucker on the dog’s body makes it difficult to link symptoms with a tick bite in a dog, what to do. many in such cases do not know. The most important thing here is to pay attention to the color of the urine! If it has darkened, then there is piroplasmosis! The diagnosis is confirmed by a blood test taken from the dog at the veterinary clinic.
For your information! To avoid such misses, veterinarians advise to probe the pet not only upon arrival from a walk, but also after 2. 3 hours, in order to surely find the sucked parasite.
What signs and symptoms are after a tick bite in a dog
If on the street the dog is bitten by a tick, then the consequences can be negative, and sometimes, alas, and lethal. She is at risk of infection with piroplasmosis, an infection caused by protozoa of the genus Piroplasma canis for canines. You can also find another name for the disease. babesiosis.
These pathogens live in the salivary glands of a tick infected with pyroplasmas, and get there when the bloodsucker feeds on the blood of a sick animal. After piroplasmas are transmitted from parasites to new generations, so their larvae and nymphs can also cause disease.
Infection with piroplasmosis in dogs leads to high mortality, therefore it is so important not to miss the characteristic symptoms after a bite in order to start treating on time and not to lose a four-legged friend.
What to do if a tick is found on a dog
After the examination reveals a tick sticking out of the dog’s body, it is better to pull it out as soon as possible. The sooner the fact of a tick bite in a dog is identified, the easier the symptoms and treatment will be, and the more favorable the outcome.
The duration of the bite of an infectious tick in a dog is of great importance, since the entry of pyroplasmas into the victim’s body is not interrupted during the period of feeding the bloodsucker. Accordingly, the earlier this process is terminated, the fewer infectious agents will enter the dog’s blood, and the easier and more successful the treatment will be.
Feeling the dog, you need to carefully walk along the folds, front suspension and neck, look into the ears, do not forget about the groin.
- A sucked mite is felt through the fur, like a hard bump the size of a pea or a small raisin, depending on the size of the portion of blood that the parasite has managed to absorb.
- Having spread the fur in a suspicious place and finding a protruding swollen tick, it is removed.
- If a veterinarian is available, then it is better to have this extraction procedure done by a specialist. But since time does not stand, then in the absence of such an opportunity, you can pull out the parasite on your own.
- The best and most convenient way is to remove it with tweezers, when the tick is covered with a tool near the skin, where the proboscis entered the body, and, turning to either side, with a slight pulling movement, the whole bloodsucker is removed and alive.
- If you don’t have tweezers at hand, you can pull out the bloodsucker by hand, wrapped in a napkin or bandage with your fingers. The actions are the same. grab as close to the skin as possible, twist and extract.
- After removing the parasite, the wound on the dog’s skin must be carefully disinfected, the tick must be burned, scalded, or thoroughly crushed between layers of paper or cloth, and only then discarded.
Important! Possible signs of infection from a tick bite in a dog appear only when it is attacked by a tick infected with piroplasmas. Not all of the listed symptoms will necessarily appear in a bitten dog, even if it gets infected. Therefore, it is so important to watch your pet carefully for a week, and in case of the slightest deterioration, run to the vet to start treatment.
How a dog gets piroplasmosis
Pyroplasmas have two types of hosts during their cyclical development. The first as intermediate are dogs, foxes, wolves, jackals and other canines, and the second as the final ones are ixodid ticks, in the body of which pyroplasmas reproduce and further transform.
Females. carriers of the infection transmit it to the laid eggs, from where the already infected larvae emerge. Therefore, at the larval stage, and in the future, such a tick, biting a healthy dog, will infect it with an infection.
Peak outbreaks in dogs coincide with tick-borne activity, which is more protracted than the threat to humans. Because the larvae and nymphs practically do not bite a person, but a dog for them is a completely accessible victim. This is when the threatening tick bite symptoms occur in the dog.
Registration of cases of piroplasmosis occurs throughout the entire period of above-zero temperatures. from the very beginning of spring to the end of autumn, without stopping even in the middle of summer, when it is the larvae and nymphs that begin to hunt. But general outbreaks traditionally occur in mid. late spring and late summer. mid autumn.
The dog, running on the ground covered with vegetation, becomes an easy target for the bloodsuckers waiting for the victim there. It is enough for them to just catch on to the wool, and then calmly look under its cover for several hours for a convenient place for sucking and unhurried saturation, which for females of the parasite can drag on for several days.
Therefore, for a pet, even if it is treated with an anti-mite agent, it is better to do a thorough examination after each walk through the thickets of grass and bushes, probing especially vulnerable places on the body that are preferred by bloodsuckers:
- head and ear area;
- neck and chest;
- front and hind feet, groin area.
Unfortunately, not a single, even the best remedy will completely save the dog from a tick-borne attack, which is why dog owners should not lose their vigilance in a dangerous season. if treatment is not started in a timely manner, the death of the pet is inevitable.
Naturally, the symptoms of piroplasmosis in a dog after a tick bite will not be caused by every parasite found on it, but visually, alas, no one can determine whether a tick is dangerous or sterile.
Therefore, already only one fact of the presence of a sucked bloodsucker on a pet is obliged to alert the responsible owner, ignoring and frivolity in such cases often leads to the loss of a four-legged friend.
What are the symptoms of piroplasmosis in a dog
Owners of barking pets who are faced with a tick-borne attack for the first time do not really understand what symptoms to expect from a tick bite in a dog and what to do in the future. Indeed, many signs of piroplasmosis are similar to other canine sores. plague, enteritis, leptospirosis, which are not associated with a tick bite and require a completely different treatment.
A special problem is caused by the frequent fact when the dog was bitten by a tick, but was not found on the body, and the owner may not realize for a long time that the deterioration of his four-legged friend is associated with a tick.
In each dog, the infection manifests itself in a purely individual way. The presence of pyroplasmas in the blood is more difficult to tolerate:
- young dogs;
- chronically sick dogs;
- purebred dogs.
Therefore, an understanding of the picture of the disease and what symptoms clearly indicate it will help to start emergency treatment on time.
- The earliest signs to help alert the owner is a decrease in dog activity. The dog loses its usually inherent playfulness, does not show joy, becomes apathetic, does not ask for a walk, stops jumping and running carelessly.
- The next initial symptoms that allow one to suspect piroplasmosis are loss of appetite and refusal not only from food, but also from a previously beloved and desired treat. Nutrition becomes problematic. the dog literally fails to feed. The fact that the dog turns away from the treat is the SOS signal in the early days of infection.!
- After, on the 3rd. 5th day, more alarming signs of digestion appear. vomiting, often mucus, because the dog remained hungry all this time, and sometimes diarrhea with a characteristic bright yellow or greenish color of liquid masses. Symptoms of diarrhea are not always observed, the stool may look normal, but the color changes to the indicated.
- At the same time, you can already notice that the dog is trying to move less, as if it brings him suffering. Her steps are constrained, she prefers to constantly lie away from the master’s eyes and not leave a secluded place. Such symptoms already indicate the progression of the disease.
- But the main signs of piroplasmosis are associated with a change in the color of urine. it darkens noticeably, acquiring a resemblance to beer or coffee, and may change to a dark brown color. Such symptoms unmistakably indicate precisely the pyroplasmas in the blood, destroying red blood cells, and the need to urgently begin treatment, otherwise irreversible processes can soon kill the dog.
- In healthy adult dogs, the picture may be completely asymptomatic, when the dog dies suddenly for the owners, without showing any special signs of discomfort before this. But an attentive owner, even with the usual behavior of his dog, will notice a changed suspicious color of urine, and guess that this is due to the consequences of a tick bite on his dog.
Important! As soon as the urine changed color, the cost of the pet’s life, if you do not urgently start treatment, went for hours! On the fifth day after the onset of the disease, the dog dies! Already at this stage, you will have to take resuscitation measures.
Prevention of tick bites in dogs
To prevent the very possibility of a tick bite in a dog, it is required to regularly treat it with anti-mite agents. drops to the withers area, sprays, or wear an acaricidal collar.
Hunting breeds that are most at risk of becoming a victim of a tick attack can be comprehensively treated to increase the guarantee of protection:
- drops plus a collar;
- drops plus spray;
- collar plus spray.
A recent development. tablets inside, which protect the dog from parasite attacks for 3 months, have shown themselves well and have been tested by domestic veterinarians.
You can vaccinate your pet for the season against piroplasmosis with the vaccines “Nobivak Pyro” or “Pirodog”. But they do not guarantee one hundred percent protection due to the weak degree of acquired immunity, but they successfully neutralize the risk of death.
Important! The main thing is that if a bloodsucker is found on a pet, immediately remove it and in the coming days carefully monitor your friend, whether indicators of an incipient disease appear.
Ticks in dogs: symptoms and treatment
Ticks in dogs are able to hide in the most inaccessible places for a pet. Therefore, every dog owner needs to know where to look for ectoparasites on the pet’s body, how to pull it out correctly, what are the first signs of a tick bite and what are the symptoms of diseases that he could transmit to your pet.
How to spot different types of ticks
You may not notice any obvious and strong signs immediately after the bite. But after a day or two, if you have not yet removed the parasite, the general condition of your pet may change:
- the animal may become lethargic and begin to refuse to eat;
- itching may appear in the place where the tick has adhered to the dog, so your pet may begin to itch or rub against everything;
- if it is an ear mite, then brown discharge from the shell with an unpleasant odor may appear;
- an increase in the body temperature of the animal from normal to 40-41 C is possible;
- an admixture of blood in the urine, yellowing of the whites of the eyes. these are the symptoms that require a quick visit to the veterinarian.
How to remove a tick from a dog’s body
If your pet has been bitten by a tick, then don’t panic. Calm down, it is better to seek help from a qualified specialist. But, if at the moment you do not have such an opportunity, then removal of the parasite is possible at home:
- The place where the tick has adhered to your pet must be lubricated with oil, this will weaken its “grip” (sometimes it happens that the parasite falls off by itself and no more mechanical actions need to be done with it).
- After 8-15 seconds, turn the tick counterclockwise using tweezers. It is very important to remove the parasite completely without leaving its head in your pet’s body.
- After removal, it is necessary to treat the bite site with an alcohol solution or 5% iodine solution.
Tip Tuesday: What to do if your dog has picked up a tick
What diseases do ticks carry?
The most dangerous disease for dogs that ticks can reward them is piroplasmosis. Unfortunately, this is not just a dangerous, but a fatal disease. Today there are highly effective medicines for the treatment of this disease, but their effectiveness depends on the condition of the animal, that is, the earlier treatment is started, the more chances for the animal to survive. Symptoms of piroplasmosis include: dark brownish urine, discoloration of mucous membranes and whites of the eyes to yellow, lethargy, weakness during gait, fever. Treatment of this disease should only take place under the supervision of a veterinarian, it includes removing the intoxication of the dog’s body and maintaining its general condition, and, of course, the destruction of the pathogen.
Ticks also carry diseases such as Lyme disease, which can cause arthritis and swelling of the dog’s joints, and hemobartonellosis, but it rarely causes any clinical symptoms in dogs.
Prevention of tick bites
In order for these blood-sucking parasites not to disturb your four-legged friend, special prophylaxis is necessary. Today there are a huge number of products that can prevent tick bites, these are shampoos. and sprays. and collars. and even special drops on the withers of the animal. Preparations differ not only in the form of release, but also in the active substance. They are distributed over the skin and hair of the animal and later, getting on the pet, the tick immediately dies. But, unfortunately, even all these drugs are not able to give one hundred percent guarantee. Their effectiveness depends on how long ago a particular drug was applied to your pet’s skin. It is best to seek help from a veterinarian, and he will be able to choose the most suitable substance for your pet.
Also, there is a special vaccination against piroplasmosis. Currently, there is a Pirodog vaccine on the market for medical services for animals, which is able to form an immune response in a dog to this disease.
NexGard Spectra can be used to prevent and treat diseases caused by ticks. delicious chewable tablets that will successfully fight parasites that can be picked up by a pet when bitten by a tick.
Ticks are not a reason to close houses within four walls and quietly be afraid to go outside. Spend as much time in nature as you want, just watch your pet, try to avoid tall grass, and do not forget about prevention, and then everyone will be healthy and happy.!
How to treat subcutaneous ticks in dogs
Since many of the symptoms that indicate the presence of a subcutaneous tick in an animal are also characteristic of many other skin diseases, treatment can only be prescribed after examination by a veterinarian. To identify a specific pathogen, first it is necessary to carry out a series of tests and diagnostics, and without the help of qualified specialists, this is not possible. And if the presence of subcutaneous mites is detected, the treatment for infection with demodex or itch itching will differ.If the dog begins to itch and show other signs of infection, and there is no way to immediately show it to the doctor, you can first give an antihistamine that will reduce the itching. It is very important to understand that in order to remove subcutaneous ticks in dogs, the initial stage is perfect. Therefore, it is important to identify its presence and start treatment as early as possible.
Treatment of demodicosis. So, before treating a subcutaneous mite in dogs, you need to find out which of the two types caused the infection. Demodectic mange is much more difficult to treat. To get rid of it, it is necessary to literally put the whole body of the dog in order: to strengthen the immune system and restore the organs that the parasite has managed to harm. The treatment regimen is usually suggested as follows:
- To strengthen immunity, intramuscular administration of the drug “Immunoparasitan” is used, the dosage of which is determined based on the weight of the pet;
- The areas of the skin that are affected by the mite must be treated with special ointments with acaricidal action. And solutions of the same action are used when bathing an animal.
- Affected liver cells also need to be restored with medication. For example, Karsil tablets are among them. But still, not every pharmacy product may be suitable, since some, on the contrary, can have a positive effect on the state of the parasite.
- To relieve a four-legged from itching, it is necessary to use antihistamines. In addition, it is important for the period of treatment to change the diet and transfer the pet to hypoallergenic food, as well as begin to additionally give him probiotics in order to avoid dysbiosis.
For the treatment of a critically ill dog, the veterinarian may prescribe a rather powerful agent, Detomax. However, it is important to consider that on the one hand it is very effective, but on the other, it is quite toxic, therefore, it must be used wisely. Such a medicine is appropriate to use when the chance of recovery is higher than the risk of severe toxic effects on the weakened body of the animal.
It is worth remembering about the genetic predisposition of all living things to various diseases. Therefore, in order to avoid harm to future offspring, even a fully recovered dog is not recommended to be mated with other dogs.
Scabies treatment. Here the scheme is slightly different: the main forces are directed to the destruction of ticks, then attention is paid to the immunity of the animal. Parasites are usually eliminated with special drops with an acaricidal effect, while they also have an antifungal and antibacterial effect. The very process of applying drops is very quick and simple: just drop a few drops on the pet’s withers.
If the skin is damaged enough, then you need to additionally use antimicrobial drugs to treat the affected areas. You also need to attend to supporting liver function and strengthening the immune system. For the liver, the drug “Karsil” is recommended, for the immunity the above-mentioned “Immunoparasitan”.
Signs of a subcutaneous tick in dogs
If the four-legged has a subcutaneous tick, then the symptoms and treatment will directly depend on one of two types of pathogen: demodex or itch itching. The first, living in the sebaceous glands, feeling the weakening of the dog’s immunity, wakes up and begins to lead a violent life, thereby causing demodicosis in the animal. The second gnaws tunnels in the skin of the animal, causing a scabies infection in the dog.
As for the symptoms, in both cases they are the same: severe itching, loss of hair clumps, nervous behavior, weakness, apathy, loss of appetite, general deterioration in health. It is noteworthy that wool first falls out on those parts of the body where its cover is minimal: belly, paws, muzzle. Then, as the disease progresses, lesions spread throughout the body.
Subcutaneous tick in dogs. How to treat correctly
Most domestic dogs, regardless of size and breed, are outdoors in one way or another. This means that every time they leave the house, they run the risk of picking up some kind of skin disease. Probably not everyone knows that our four-legged friends have more sensitive skin than human skin. But it is because of this disease that they endure much more difficult. The most common and unpleasant parasite is the subcutaneous tick in dogs, which can be found not only in nature, but also in the city. You can avoid his attack on the pet by using special protective equipment: shampoos, drops, sprays, collars, etc. However, none of them gives a 100% guarantee, so every owner should know how to understand that a dog has been infected, and how to cure it from it.
Subcutaneous tick in dogs. treatment with folk remedies.
Of course, in advanced cases of the disease, it is strongly discouraged to use such methods. You should not resort to folk methods even if you are not sure what is really the cause of the pet’s ailment. One, if there is a mild form of scabies, but at the initial stage of treatment, you can use some folk recipes.
Garlic tincture is suitable for lubricating the affected areas of the skin, but it is advisable to do this no more than 1 time per day, since garlic is harmful to dogs. The tincture is prepared as follows: finely chopped garlic cloves are poured with almond oil in a ratio of 1: 2, after which the resulting mixture is infused in a dark place for 3 days.
A tincture of black sulfur and kefir is also suitable for lubricating areas affected by mites. And it is also not recommended to use it more than 1 time a day, since sulfur greatly dries the skin and causes a strong burning sensation. It is quite easy to make such a tincture: you need to mix sulfur and kefir in a 1: 3 ratio and put in a warm place for several hours. In addition to homemade, you can use a special sulfuric ointment, which is sold in ready-made form in pharmacies.
It is used among folk methods and lavender oil. The recipe is simple: you need to apply it to the affected areas, and after absorption, rub them with chalk powder. Veterinarians recommend doing this procedure 3-5 times a day.
All of these methods are quite simple and can be easily used at home, but they cannot be abused. Because of their strong drying effect, all of these remedies can help get rid of itching, but add a burning sensation, which will not be much better for the dog.
What are subcutaneous mites
There are several types of these parasites, but three are most common:
- Demodex. lives in the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of all animals and people, but it is in dogs that the genetics are structured so that they are most prone to the development of demodicosis. In a healthy animal, such mites do not manifest themselves in any way, but when immunity is weakened, they are activated and provoke the loss of hair clumps;
- Sarcoptic mange is one of the types of scabies mites that crawl under the skin of an animal and live there, gradually infecting it. Sarcoptic mange causes classic scabies, which leads to loss of hair;
- Notoedrosis is also scabby, but manifests itself in a slightly different way. He first attacks the ears, and if he cannot get there, then he prefers the tail. It is easy to recognize the attack of this parasite: the dog will scratch its ears and head strongly, which sometimes even leads to injuries.
What to do for prevention.
If you want to protect your pet from infection with a subcutaneous tick, then everything is quite simple.
- Firstly, it is necessary to carry out treatment with anti-mite agents twice a year. The most popular and effective among them are drops that are applied to the withers of the animal and immediately begin to act.
- Secondly, it is important to provide your pet with a balanced diet, which will include all the necessary vitamins, minerals and trace elements;
- Thirdly, occasionally you need to give your pet immunomodulatory drugs, which, in fact, will help maintain strong immunity and resistance to various kinds of diseases.
Take care of your pets! Doing prophylaxis, giving vitamins, and seeing your veterinarian regularly are three easy steps to keep your dog healthy and strong.
Treatment of demodicosis
The difficulty of getting rid of Demodex is complicated by the fact that its cause is almost impossible to establish. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the dog’s immune system, as well as restore the organs affected by the parasite. The treatment regimen should be as follows:
- to improve immunity. “Immunoparasitan” intramuscularly for 1 week in a dosage corresponding to the weight of the animal;
- for the treatment of the affected areas. bathing and ointments with acaricidal action, which are selected depending on the severity of the lesion (at least 7 procedures with a repetition of the course after 1 week);
- to restore the liver. Karsil tablets according to the instructions (other hepatoprotectors are undesirable, since they can positively affect the state of the tick, especially Essentiale);
- to relieve itching. antihistamines and transfer to a hypoallergenic diet (premium dry food and probiotics to prevent dysbiosis).
If the condition of the animal is critical, the drug “Detomax” is prescribed. It should be borne in mind that such injections from a subcutaneous tick in dogs are very effective, but highly toxic and very dangerous. Its use is advisable when it outweighs the existing risks of exposure to the weakened body of the dog.
There are no other drugs for demodicosis, including prophylactic ones. If there is a genetic predisposition, the dog may not be protected from the disease, even with the right content. Therefore, after recovery, such animals are removed from breeding.
Types of subcutaneous mites
There are several types of ticks that can infect dogs. But on the territory of Russia, the most common are demodex, sarcoptic mange and notoedrosis.
Treating subcutaneous ticks in dogs
It is much more difficult to cure demodicosis than scabies. To “deactivate” Demodex, it is necessary to completely restore the entire body of the animal. And in order to remove the scabies subcutaneous mite in dogs, it is enough to direct the treatment only to the destruction of parasites, and then to increase the immunity of the pet.
The Demodex mite lives in the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of all mammals (animals and humans). But it is in dogs that there is a genetic predisposition to the development of demodicosis, therefore, it is observed in them quite often. The development of the disease begins when the dog’s health deteriorates, caused by factors such as:
- malfunctions of the immune system;
- hormonal disorders;
- severe physical or mental stress.
Demodex does not manifest itself if the dog is completely healthy. When these provoking factors appear, the tick activates and begins to release toxins, which lead to the appearance of itchy foci of inflammation in the form of red bumps. Particularly strong inflammatory processes develop in places where dead parasites accumulate. They spread rather quickly throughout the body, which is usually accompanied by hair loss. If there are no bald patches, demodicosis is often mistaken for allergic itching.
Important! Dogs that have had demodicosis are recommended to be sterilized. Since the reasons for the activation of the subcutaneous tick cannot be established, it is necessary to exclude the influence of hormonal disorders on the health of the offspring.
The disease has 2 types. juvenile (in dogs under 2 years old) and adult. At the same time, a favorable prognosis is characteristic only for juvenile demodicosis.
In addition, the pathological process can have 2 variants of development:
- Localized. the most common form of the course, which occurs in 90% of diagnosed demodicosis in dogs. The lesion appears in one place, which has clear boundaries, with irritation, redness and rapid baldness. There are no secondary symptoms. Independent recovery is possible without treatment in 15–20 days.
- Generalized. the disease has several lesions. It rarely passes without treatment, only in the absence of complications.
In turn, localized demodicosis is of 2 types:
- pustular. proceeds with the formation of purulent pustules, which are combed by the dog, which can lead to infection in the bloodstream and its further spread throughout the body;
- scaly. causes the formation of small redness, covered with dry scales, which also itch a lot and the dog, when combing, can infect them, but it will manifest itself locally.
Generalized demodicosis combines both types at the same time. You can look at the photo of what a subcutaneous tick looks like in dogs in all variants of demodicosis. the difference is very noticeable.
Signs of the disease
If a subcutaneous tick appears in a dog, the symptoms and treatment of the disease depend on the type of pathogen:
- demodicosis is caused by the conditionally pathogenic mite demodex, which constantly lives in the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of animals, but wakes up and begins to be active when immunity is weakened;
- scabies is an infectious disease that develops when a dog is infected with scabies mites. sarcoptic mange or notoedrosis (they are collectively called scabies itching), which gnaw through characteristic paired tunnels in the skin.
- very severe itching, due to which the dog scratches the affected area until it bleeds;
- hair loss, which first becomes noticeable on the short-haired parts of the body (belly, groin, muzzle, paws), and then bald spots appear everywhere;
- increased nervousness caused by incessant excruciating itching;
- weakness, loss of strength, indifference to what is happening;
- significant deterioration in general condition, the appearance of concomitant diseases.
The main difference is that the demodex mite manifests itself as point inflammations, and itch itching forms paired passages.
But since other symptoms of a subcutaneous tick in dogs are characteristic of most skin parasitic infestations, treatment should be prescribed only after testing and clarifying the type of pathogen. You can give your dog an antihistamine before visiting your veterinarian to reduce itching.
Important! Demodectic mange, scabies and other skin diseases manifest themselves in many ways, but require treatment with completely different drugs. Therefore, it makes no sense to do anything on your own without diagnostics.
The scabies mite penetrates the skin of the dog from the outside and lives in it, feeding on the cells of the epidermis. For a certain period, a healthy immune system resists the development of the disease, but the animal is a carrier of parasites and can even infect humans. True, the symptoms will be mild and will quickly pass, since such mites do not take root on the skin of people.
Scabies mites are of 2 types, depending on which different types of scabies develop:
- Classic. caused by the mite sarcoptic mange, characterized by the same symptoms as demodicosis, but with the formation of foci of inflammation already at the initial stage. The chronic course leads to keratosis, the formation of spots and scars.
- Ear. the causative agent is the notoedrosis mite, which affects the outer part of the ears, but can go to the croup and tail if the dog is used to sleeping curled up. The animal hits itself hard on the ears and head to eliminate itching, sometimes causing severe injuries to itself.
In general, the external manifestations of scabies in dogs are very similar to those of demodicosis. Therefore, it is very difficult to distinguish them without special analyzes. To identify the pathogen, a scraping of the upper layer of the epithelium is taken under local anesthesia.
Subcutaneous tick in dogs: symptoms and treatment
Dogs have more sensitive skin than humans, so any kind of skin disease is much more difficult for them. The reason for the appearance of unpleasant symptoms is often subcutaneous mites. parasites that feed on the blood and epithelial cells of the “host”. A subcutaneous mite activated in the body or penetrating from the outside in dogs leads to the appearance of diseases such as demodicosis or scabies. Parasitizing under the skin, mites actively multiply and poison the animal’s body with waste products, which is accompanied by unbearable itching, hair loss and can cause a strong allergic reaction. In addition, some types of subcutaneous mites can be transmitted to humans.
Elimination of scabies mites is carried out using special acaricidal drops, which, simultaneously with the destruction of parasites, have antifungal and antibacterial effect. The treatment is quite simple:
- pathogens are destroyed by applying drops to the withers of a sick animal;
- with severe skin damage, the affected areas are additionally treated with antimicrobial drugs;
- in parallel, the liver is supported (preferably with Karsil) and the immune system is strengthened.
Symptoms of an itch mite infection, such as itching, hair loss and increased irritability of the dog, are characteristic of allergic reactions. over, they may decrease slightly after taking antihistamines if the dog’s owner decides to treat his allergies. But this will not save you from scabies, but time will be lost. mites multiply at lightning speed, and the treatment is much more effective at the initial stage.
In order to know exactly how to remove a subcutaneous tick from a dog, it is necessary to correctly determine the type of pathogen, because each of them reacts only to a certain type of medication. Therefore, when these signs appear, the diagnosis should be made only by a doctor after an examination of at least 2-3 scrapings.
With a mild form of scabies or at the onset of the disease, you can alleviate the condition of the dog with folk remedies. The following recipes are suitable for this:
- Garlic tincture. pour the crushed cloves with almond oil in a 1: 2 ratio and leave for 3 days in the dark. Lubricate the skin no more than once a day, since garlic is harmful to dogs.
- Kefir tincture of black sulfur. dilute the sulfur with kefir (1: 3), leave it warm for several hours. Lubricate painful areas also once a day, since the sulfur component dries out the skin too much, causing a strong burning sensation. For the same reason, the product should not be left on the skin. after application it must be washed off.
- Sulfur ointment. a pharmacy drug is used that lubricates the affected areas twice a day without rinsing. The ointment also causes a burning sensation.
- Lavender oil. the skin is first lubricated with oil, and after it has been absorbed, it is rubbed with chalk powder. The procedure is performed 4-5 times a day.
Despite the simplicity and effectiveness of home methods, they should not be overused. These products dry out the dog’s skin and cause significant discomfort.
To prevent infection of the animal with scabies mites, it should be treated with anti-mite drops 2 times a year. It is also important to provide the pet with a balanced diet and periodically give immunomodulatory drugs.
Subcutaneous mites are a very unpleasant and dangerous disease for a dog. The necessary measures should be taken when the first signs or even suspicions of the possibility of developing such pathologies appear. It is much easier to get rid of parasites in the initial stage, since they have certain life cycles. With an advanced disease, skin lesions of a dog can become very strong and painful for the animal itself, and the duration of treatment will stretch for many months. In addition, only an individual comprehensive approach to getting rid of a subcutaneous tick in a dog, including its treatment and general recovery, can give positive results.
You can also ask a question to the in-house veterinarian of our website, who will answer them as soon as possible in the comment box below.
Rescue a dog after a tick bite. What to do and how to treat a pet?
While walking, any dog can be attacked by ticks. These insects are carriers of various diseases. Pathogens enter the animal’s body at the time of the bite, and then multiply there.
Consequences of an attack: signs and behavior changes
After a bite in a dog, a change in behavior, the manifestation of various reactions, is possible. They can be classified according to the following criteria:
- General. The dog’s coordination of movements is disturbed, activity and appetite decrease, loose stools appear, depression.
- Local. At the site of the lesion there is swelling, redness, in some cases suppuration, pain, itching and increased local temperature.
- Neurotoxic. As a consequence of the vinegar, the dog has paralysis of the hind and front limbs. The dog is breathing heavily, the barking becomes barely audible. If at this moment no veterinary care is provided, the animal has a spasm of the larynx, and it dies.
Depending on the type of tick, they settle in different areas and cause reactions that allow you to identify associated signs.
Treatment of piroplasmosis in four-legged pets
The correct diagnosis can only be established by examination by a veterinarian. A smear is taken from the peripheral blood flow for the presence of the pathogen. Subsequent treatment is based on the destruction of the pathogen and the elimination of intoxication products.
When a disease is detected, the dog is injected with a subcutaneous injection of 0.5% Acapron solution at the rate of 0.25 cm 3 per 5 kg of animal weight. It is important to strictly observe the dosage of the drug so as not to cause further harm to the dog. Within a day, the signs of the disease should go away. In case of relapse, repeat the injection. As a rule, in 90% of cases, the disease goes away after one injection.
As a therapeutic agent, “Acapron” is replaced with a 7% solution of “Azidine” or “Berenil”. In this case, the drug is used at the rate of 3.5 mg per 1 kg of animal weight. At the same time, the dog is prescribed intravenous injections of a 10% solution of calcium chloride and glucose, a solution of caffeine. Restrict the movement of the animal for two weeks.
During this period, it is recommended to transfer the animal to a warm room, where there is no direct light, and to keep it on a soft bedding. At this time, the number of feedings is increased with a simultaneous reduction in the volume, since the animal is not able to take the previous volume of food. It is recommended to introduce into the diet sweet tea with a piece of white loaf, you can give a slightly sweet infusion of rose hips.
How to properly pull out a bloodsucker?
The best thing is to take the dog to the veterinary center immediately after finding the tick. They will be able to provide professional assistance.
If the clinic is far away and you have to act on your own, it is important to remember that some diseases are transmitted from ticks not only to animals, but also to humans. Therefore, before proceeding with the manipulations, you need to take care of your own safety. To do this, wear medical protective gloves.
It is convenient to remove mites from the cosmetic set with tweezers. To do this, you need to grab the tick body near the skin itself, and then turn it with slightly pulling movements. Turns are performed in one direction: either clockwise or counterclockwise. After 2-3 turns, the tick proboscis begins to turn out of the body. The tick pops out intact.
In the absence of tweezers at hand, blood-sucking insects will have to be removed manually. Fingers should be wrapped with a bandage or napkin, and then try to grab the insect as close to the bite site as possible. Then turn gently until completely removed.
If, when removing the insect, a part of the body accidentally came off and the proboscis got stuck in the skin, you should try to immediately find the head. It is a small black dot, similar in appearance to an ordinary splinter. Then this area should be thoroughly disinfected with alcohol and anesthetized. The remains of the mite are removed with a sewing needle calcined on a fire. At the end of the procedure, the skin is smeared with iodine tincture or alcohol.
After removing the parasite, the wound on the dog’s skin is treated with iodine or alcohol. The dog should be shown to a specialist in the coming days in order to diagnose possible infection with dangerous diseases.
What diseases can transmit?
Some of the most common tick-borne diseases include:
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How to protect your pet?
The most reliable way to protect your dog from tick infestation is to get it regularly vaccinated. It helps maintain immunity for 6 months, and in the event of a tick bite, it will alleviate the condition. Most often recommend “Nobivak Pro” and “Pirodog”. Re-vaccination is carried out after 1 month, subsequent. every 6 months.
In areas dangerous for piroplasmosis, a prophylactic injection of a 3.5% solution of “Azidin” or “Berenil” is recommended at the rate of 0.1 ml per 2 kg of the dog’s weight. The second injection is repeated the next day. It is advisable to repeat prophylaxis every decade.
To maintain a stable immune system, it is important to provide the animal with a balanced diet containing all vitamins and minerals. Between April and October, when tick activity increases, long-haired dogs should be washed more often.
If the dog is damaged, it will have to be sterilized, since not only she, but the possible offspring will suffer from a tick bite.
Play with unfamiliar dogs during walks should be allowed as little as possible. They can also carry other infectious diseases.
In order to reliably protect your animal from being bitten by ticks, it is recommended to treat the places of greatest damage with special sprays or drops before going out into the forest or for a walk. Both are reapplied after each wash of the animal. It is more advisable to apply drops to the withers in order to save the budget. The most commonly used means:
- “Mister Bruno”;
- or “Advantix”.
On sale there are special collars “Foresto”, “Kiltiks” and “Beafar”, repelling ticks. They are very convenient, but will have to be discarded in case of hair loss, pregnancy, or feeding of puppies. It is also not recommended to use a collar if the puppy is less than two months old or the dog has a chronic illness.
Collars are divided according to the method of action on ticks into:
- and ultrasonic.
When keeping a dog, it is important to carry out preventive examinations of the animal on time. After each walk, check the skin and take timely measures. Vigilance while walking in the tall grass will also help keep your beloved pet from the threat of a dangerous disease. Remember that tick bite diseases can be transmitted to humans!
Signs and symptoms of piroplasmosis
This type of disease is caused by canine piroplasma Piroplasma canis, which parasitizes red blood cells and causes their destruction.
Red blood cells carry carbon dioxide and oxygen throughout the body.
The disease is carried by ixodid ticks. They live in areas with little undergrowth. They are most active in spring and autumn. Carriers of the disease attach themselves to parts of the dog’s body where there is least fur. The tick pierces the skin, sucks blood and infects the animal with pyroplasmas. The highest risk group includes young and hunting dogs, purebred dogs with chronic diseases.
- icteric or pale mucous membranes;
- within 2-3 days the urine turns red or reddish-brown;
- the temperature rises sharply to 40–41 ° С, lasts for 2–3 days, then drops to 33–35 ° С;
- loss of appetite;
- increased thirst;
- reddish brown urine;
- rapid breathing;
- difficult movement;
- paralysis of the hind and front legs.
May die on 3-7 days if specialist assistance is not provided on time.
In some cases, pyroplasmosis is difficult to diagnose. If he is suspected, in especially valuable breeds of dogs, the disease is detected by pouring blood into a puppy susceptible to the disease. If piroplasmosis is detected within 4-7 days, treatment of the disease in a dog and a puppy is started.
What to do if you find a tick:
Observe the behavior of the animal to identify possible infection.
The dog has a tick. What to do?
With the onset of warmth, the worries of dog owners increase. Ticks can bite a dog both in the forest and in a city park. Why is it and what to do for a dog owner to keep his pet safe?
The period of tick activity begins in early spring. In fact, from the moment the snow melted and buds appeared on the trees, the owner of the dog should be especially careful with his pet.
Ticks don’t like high temperatures. It is believed that they feel comfortable at 15-17C. Therefore, the period from April to mid-July is traditionally considered the most favorable time for ticks, it is at this time that they are most active.
Why ticks are dangerous?
Ticks are not so scary in themselves, but they are carriers of hemoparasitic diseases and infections, which, in turn, can cause a number of rather serious diseases in dogs and humans: piroplasmosis, staphylococcus aureus, bartonellosis, anaplasmosis, ehrlichiosis, dirofilariasis, borreliosis.
Therefore, after you have removed the tick and treated the bite site, you need to carefully observe the dog for a couple of days.
If it becomes lethargic, and the color of the animal’s urine becomes dark or red, immediately contact the veterinary clinic! These are clear indications that the dog is infected.
How to get rid of a tick?
Removing a tick yourself is quite simple:
Apply a special product to the tick to weaken the insect. You can find a suitable one at any veterinary pharmacy. If there is no pharmacy nearby, you can use oil. just drop it on the tick;
Use tweezers to grab the tick as close to the head as possible. Next, you need to remove it from the body with twisting movements.
Do not try to remove the tick with your hands. In this case, you risk not grabbing it tightly enough and leaving the head in the body of the animal.
How to find a tick?
As a rule, a tick can be detected in two cases:
As a result of daily preventive examination of the dog, which should be carried out after each walk during periods of tick activity.
The dog begins to show anxiety, scratching, licking and biting the bite.
Examine your dog closely for ticks after each walk. As a rule, these insects cannot penetrate the dense undercoat and attach themselves in the area of the muzzle, ears or abdomen.
In the season when ticks are especially active, use special acaricidal agents. drops on the withers, tablets, sprays, collars.
The drops on the withers must be absorbed into the skin. Therefore, they begin to act in about a day.
Mite sprays work instantly.
Not so long ago, long-acting tablets (3-6 months) appeared on the market, acting on the same principle as drops on the withers. Such a remedy is perfect for families with small children, since when communicating with a pet there will be no danger of direct contact with the active substance of the remedy.
Collars contain insoluble compounds of long-term action, which do not start working immediately, but about a day or two after you put the collar on the dog, as the product takes time to spread over the animal’s coat.
Be careful when combining products (such as drops of a collar). As a rule, before putting on the collar, it is recommended to take a break of 10-15 days after using the drops, so that the load on the dog’s body is not too intense. Check with your veterinarian to find the best regimen for your dog.
Keep in mind: although preventive measures reduce risks, they do not completely eliminate them. Therefore, be prepared to take the necessary steps quickly to help your pet.
What to do if the tick remains in the dog’s body
In the warm season (from April to October), ticks wake up on the leaves of trees, which were in hibernation in winter. After waking up, he falls on the grass, bushes and from there they can fall on the body of the animal. The owner of the dog, having found such a new “tenant”, can try to remove the parasite on his own. with his hands or with tweezers. But everything does not always work out perfectly. sometimes the tick remains in the dog’s body, what to do in this case, only the veterinarian knows.
Methods for removing a tick from the skin of an animal
If the tick remains under the skin of the dog, then the first thing that comes to mind is to pick out the parasite. In such cases, some pet owners use tweezers, a needle, and even a blade (photo). But in this way you can only aggravate the situation. It is best to contact a veterinarian for help, but if there is no such possibility (it happened in the country or at night), then experts recommend:
- Disinfect the bite site with rubbing alcohol, vodka, or cologne. If these funds are not available, you can use iodine or brilliant green solution.
- Spread the place where the parasite is located with such substances: engine oil, gasoline, thinner (solvent, white spirit), nail polish, kerosene. Each substance should be dripped separately from each other, observing an interval of 5 minutes.
- Then try to lightly press down on the subcutaneous parasite. If, after such manipulation, he did not come out, then you can use an ordinary thread. make a small loop, throw it over the head of the parasite, gently pull out the torso
- Observe the condition of the dog, if alarming symptoms (fever, digestive upset, neuralgic disorders) are detected, you need to try to find a way to deliver the animal to the veterinary clinic.
During the procedure for removing the tick, you should protect yourself with rubber gloves. Some dog breeders who have gone through such troubles are advised to apply a gauze bandage with Vishnevsky ointment, which contains tar, to the site of the tick lesion. It helps in case of suppuration or minor irritation of tissues (in the same way, you can “lure out” a still living pest). If there is a fear that this tick is the causative agent of a serious disease, then you can refer it to the local SES for testing.
When the head of the tick remains in the dog, one must not forget about the complications that these parasites cause: piroplasmosis, babesiosis. This happens because viruses, bacteria, infections enter the animal’s blood with the tick’s saliva. To protect your pet from irreparable consequences, you need to apply drug therapy. For example:
- Specific medicines. Imizol, Pirosan, Fortikarb. They kill the infection and the blood elements affected by it. erythrocytes.
- Ancillary therapy using vitamins (increased immunity), hepatoprotectors (liver restoration), cardiac drugs (vascular strengthening).
- Cleaning the blood from infection. used in the most severe cases.
If the owner did not pay attention to the damage to the tissue, the tick remained inside the dog; if untreated, the animal may die (according to statistics, in 98 dogs out of 100 everything was fatal). Usually, ticks that carry infections carry it into the dog’s bloodstream. But only after 48 hours the animal develops painful symptoms. fever, lack of appetite, weak pulse.
These painful symptoms are especially dangerous for puppies who have not yet had time to form an immune system. To ensure safety, you should carefully examine the dog’s skin after each walk (especially in the park, forest) and, if possible, treat the animal’s hair with protective sprays.
How to tell if a part of the tick is left under the dog’s skin
Close observation of the dog’s behavior is the best prevention of all diseases. It is much more difficult to determine that an animal has a new “inhabitant” under the skin than to find its small part of the body. Signs that a tick head remains on the pet’s body may be such manifestations:
- Swelling, hard lump, or even a lump;
- Redness at the site of the lesion and around the bite site, sometimes with a blue tint;
- Anxiety in an animal that feels uncomfortable. Often the animal tries to bite off the lesion, scratches it with its paw.
It is often more difficult to recognize a hazard due to the pet’s long, thick coat or poor eyesight of its owner. In such cases, you can use a tactile technique. to feel the bite sites with your hands (photo). If some of the pest remains on the dog, the fingerlobes will find it.
What not to do if tick residues are found on the dog’s body
STIHL, composure and search for a solution to the problem will help you not to get lost and save your pet from irreparable consequences. But in a panic, under the influence of emotions, a person can use harmful methods of killing a tick:
- Burning out the site of the parasite with a hot metal or lighter. Such a “barbaric” method will not only scare the dog (it can attack the owner), but also will not save it from infection.
- Specialized means for the destruction of ticks, for example. “Front Line”. They will provoke irritation, dryness of the skin.
- Squeezing out the remnants of the tick with your fingers without aids. oil, cologne. Such manipulations can provoke an abscess. purulent formations at the site of the bite.
When using such methods that are unsafe for the health and life of the dog, it is possible not only to make the animal a disabled person, but also to completely kill it. If you find the slightest particle of the parasite’s body, you need to contact the veterinarian to conduct laboratory tests to determine the infection or virus in the blood and prescribe treatment.
A dog is a friend of man. Caring owners of these animals try to keep them as safe as possible, but this is not always possible. If a tick is found, you should not panic, you should immediately apply all methods of eliminating the problem.