The peculiarity of this type of parasite is that they live in the internal organs, hair follicles and sebaceous glands of any dog. If the animal has excellent health and strong immunity, its body independently controls the number of intruders. But, as soon as the animal’s body weakens, and the immune system fails, the tick begins to multiply uncontrollably. this leads to the development of a disease such as demodicosis. Popularly, this pathology is often called red scabies or glandular.
5 Signs Your Dog Has Ticks
- bald patches appear on the body of the animal;
- the skin in places of bald patches coarsens, flakes, becomes covered with scales and thickens;
- on areas without hair, pink or red eruptions appear, sometimes with purulent contents;
- the dog is experiencing severe itching, itching constantly, traumatizing itself;
- hair changes its structure, becomes dull, brittle, shaggy;
- in long-haired breeds, it is possible to shorten the guard hair;
- dandruff may appear.
- Focal (localized). Susceptible to dogs up to a year. It is characterized by the appearance of several bald patches with rough, flaky skin. In the overwhelming majority, it passes on its own. Only 10% of cases go into generalized form.
- Generalized. The bald patches gradually spread throughout the dog’s body. Inflammation develops, the skin develops an unpleasant odor. Older individuals have a less favorable prognosis for full recovery.
- Juvenile. Hereditary disease. Puppies up to one year old are susceptible. Favorable prognosis for cure.
- Pododemodecosis. Disease with a lesion on the paws. The weak point of the Cocker Spaniels. On all limbs, bald patches, boils, purulent inflammation, erythema appear.
- Otodemodecosis. Inflammation of the outer ear. Bald patches appear around the auricle. Black crusts form in the ears. The dog is very itchy.
Regardless of the form, the glandular is considered a non-contagious disease. The main reason for the appearance of bald patches, itching and painful areas of the skin is weak immunity. To reduce the risk of this pathology, the owner of the dog must take care of strengthening the health of his pet.
Parasites wait for their prey on the street: in the forest, on the dog walking area, in the country house, in squares and parks. Despite the pain symptom, the bites of the ixodid tick themselves do not pose a particular danger. Much more dangerous than diseases that a tick can infect a dog.
Sucked ixodid ticks are detected by visual inspection of the animal’s body. these are small brown vesicles with paws. If your dog’s coat is very thick, you may not immediately notice the parasites. The situation is complicated by the fact that the tick can pump blood and fall off unnoticed.
- weakness, the animal is lethargic, constantly lying;
- threadlike pulse;
- loss of appetite;
- the whites of the eyes become jaundiced;
- urine darkens: brown, brown;
- vomiting with bloody mucus;
- hyperthermia (40 °. 42 ° C);
- shortness of breath, shortness of breath;
Dangerous diseases caused by a tick bite
- Piroplasmosis (canine encephalitis). The encephalitis tick poses the greatest danger to young pedigree animals. Without timely, correctly selected treatment, mortality from this disease can reach 100%.
- Lyme disease (borreliosis). A widespread disease with a long incubation period of up to 2 months. Revealed by laboratory blood tests. It is treated with timely detection.
- Ehrlichiosis. The incubation period is 7-20 days. The disease is common in tropical areas and subtropics. In progressive cases, death is possible.
Sometimes, after removing the tick, a reddened bump remains on the dog’s body. This is not a symptom of a dangerous disease, it is the result of an allergic reaction to the chemicals in the bloodsucker’s saliva. All that is needed is to lubricate the seal with brilliant green and not let the dog comb this place.
Amateur dog breeders should know what to do if a dog is bitten by a tick. First, you need to properly remove the sucked parasite at home or in a veterinary clinic. Secondly, hand over the removed insect for analysis. Third, show the dog to the veterinarian for diagnosis and treatment.
Effective remedies for ticks
In modern veterinary medicine, to get rid of tick-borne infestation, the following are used:
- Sulfur tar ointment (AVZ). Effective domestic medicine for scabies.
- Dectomax (USA). Injection for the treatment of demodicosis (subcutaneous tick).
- Delcid (AVZ). Treatment-and-prophylactic emulsion against tick-borne invasion.
- Bravecto (MSD Animal Health). Tick tablets.
- Vio (Beaphar). Drops on the withers from fleas and ticks.
- Lawyer (Bayer). Drops from scabies mites.
- Tropiclean Maximum Protection. Anti-mite shampoo.
- Stronghold. The best drops for ear and itch mites.
- Yam BK (AVZ). Ointment against scabies and dermatitis.
- Ivermek. Injection drug against sarcoptic mites.
- Frontline (Merial) Tick killing tablets.
The following are used as protective and prophylactic agents:
- Bars (AVZ). Insectoacaricidal spray.
- Foresto (Bayer). Flea and tick collar.
- Mr. Bruno. Ixodid tick spray.
- Rolf Club. Parasite spray.
- Inspector. Treatment and prophylactic drops.
- Anti-mite. Ultrasonic Repeller.
Ticks in dogs
Another common type of ectoparasite (external) is ticks in dogs. When they talk about ticks, about how dangerous it is in the warm season, they mean one of the types of skin parasites. Ixodidae. In fact, dogs are parasitized by several species of these arthropods. Some of them gnaw the skin of animals, others suck blood, for others, the lymph and skin secretions of your pet are source of food. As a result of the vital activity of ticks, an animal may develop a strong allergic reaction, viral and bacterial diseases, as well as abscesses and dermatitis.
To protect your pet from tick infestation, you must adhere to the following rules:
- Avoid contact of sick animals with healthy.
- Avoid walking dogs in areas with stray animals.
- Try to prevent your pet from interacting with other dogs at the veterinarian.
- Use special collars, repellents and other tick protection.
- Perform prophylactic treatment against parasites as directed by your veterinarian.
- Disinfect and boil care items for sick animals.
- Never use other people’s collars, combs and muzzles.
- Strengthen your dog’s immunity with balanced nutrition and vitamin supplementation.
Prevention against ixodid ticks consists of treating the animal with anti-tick compounds before walking, wearing special collars and ultrasonic repellents, as well as a thorough examination of the animal that has returned from the street. Visual inspection is the most important component of prevention. It doesn’t matter how long the tick can sit on the dog, what is important is that the infection with dangerous diseases occurs within 30-60 minutes of the sucking of this little bloodsucker. The sooner you remove the tick, the more chance your pet will survive.
How to remove a tick from a dog
A tick removed in time is a chance that the animal did not have time to become infected with anything. All parasites found on the dog’s body must be removed. This must be done adhering to the following rules:
- If a tick has stuck to your pet, forget about common tips. do not use vegetable oil or gasoline for pretreating the insect. This will kill the bloodsucker, but at the time of death he will release the contents of his stomach into the dog’s blood. infection with dangerous infections will occur.
- All you need to extract are tweezers and an alcohol-based liquid. Alcohol or its analogue moistens the body of the parasite and the place where it stuck to the skin.
- When the alcohol works, and the dog’s tick slightly relaxes its proboscis, they begin to extract it.
- The parasite is grasped with tweezers and slowly and carefully twisted counterclockwise. Tweezers should be held parallel to the skin or at a slight angle so as not to damage the body of the bloodsucker.
- If the head of the tick remains inside the skin of the dog, it is urgent to show the animal to the veterinarian.
After removing the insect, it is taken for analysis, and the pet is carefully observed in order to notice in time changes in the dog’s behavior after a bite and a possible deterioration in its condition.
Important! Remember that many dangerous diseases transmitted through the saliva of the parasite have a long incubation period.
Where a dog can catch a tick
The danger of infection with ixodid ticks appears in the warm season. Ticks become active in early spring and go into hibernation only in late autumn, when the first frost occurs. The most dangerous time is the end of May and the beginning of June. These carnivorous arthropods have special heat sensors with which hungry parasites find prey.
Ticks sit on tall grass or bushes, waiting for prey. As soon as a dog passes by them, the small parasite jumps, grabs with its tenacious tentacles for the animal’s fur and begins to look for a place free of hair. When such a place is found, and this can be the groin area, parotid region, legs, abdomen or neck, the tick pierces the skin and begins to suck blood.
Infection with other types of ticks occurs mainly through items of care contaminated with the eggs of the parasite: a bed, bedding, dog toys. The second method of infection is contact.
The Demodex mite lives in the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of all mammals (animals and humans). But it is in dogs that there is a genetic predisposition to the development of demodicosis, therefore, it is observed in them quite often. The development of the disease begins when the dog’s health deteriorates, caused by factors such as:
- malfunctions of the immune system;
- hormonal disorders;
- severe physical or mental stress.
Demodex does not manifest itself if the dog is completely healthy. When these provoking factors appear, the tick activates and begins to release toxins, which lead to the appearance of itchy foci of inflammation in the form of red bumps. Particularly strong inflammatory processes develop in places where dead parasites accumulate. They spread rather quickly throughout the body, which is usually accompanied by hair loss. If there are no bald patches, demodicosis is often mistaken for allergic itching.
Important! Dogs that have had demodicosis are recommended to be sterilized. Since the reasons for the activation of the subcutaneous tick cannot be established, it is necessary to exclude the influence of hormonal disorders on the health of the offspring.
The disease has 2 types. juvenile (in dogs under 2 years old) and adult. At the same time, a favorable prognosis is characteristic only for juvenile demodicosis.
In addition, the pathological process can have 2 variants of development:
- Localized. the most common form of the course, which occurs in 90% of diagnosed demodicosis in dogs. The lesion appears in one place, which has clear boundaries, with irritation, redness and rapid baldness. There are no secondary symptoms. Independent recovery is possible without treatment in 15–20 days.
- Generalized. the disease has several lesions. It rarely passes without treatment, only in the absence of complications.
In turn, localized demodicosis is of 2 types:
- pustular. proceeds with the formation of purulent pustules, which are combed by the dog, which can lead to infection in the bloodstream and its further spread throughout the body;
- scaly. causes the formation of small redness, covered with dry scales, which also itch a lot and the dog, when combing, can infect them, but it will manifest itself locally.
Generalized demodicosis combines both types at the same time. You can see in the photo what a subcutaneous tick looks like in dogs in all variants of demodicosis. the difference is very noticeable.
Types of subcutaneous mites
There are several types of ticks that can infect dogs. But on the territory of Russia, the most common are demodex, sarcoptic mange and notoedrosis.
Signs of the disease
If a subcutaneous tick appears in a dog, the symptoms and treatment of the disease depend on the type of pathogen:
- demodicosis is caused by the conditionally pathogenic mite demodex, which constantly lives in the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of animals, but wakes up and begins to be active when immunity is weakened;
- scabies is an infectious disease that develops when a dog is infected with scabies mites. sarcoptic mange or notoedrosis (they are collectively called scabies itching), which gnaw through characteristic paired tunnels in the skin.
- very severe itching, due to which the dog scratches the affected area until it bleeds;
- hair loss, which first becomes noticeable on the short-haired parts of the body (belly, groin, muzzle, paws), and then bald spots appear everywhere;
- increased nervousness caused by incessant excruciating itching;
- weakness, loss of strength, indifference to what is happening;
- significant deterioration in general condition, the appearance of concomitant diseases.
The main difference is that the demodex mite manifests itself as point inflammations, and itch itching forms paired passages.
But since other symptoms of a subcutaneous tick in dogs are characteristic of most skin parasitic infestations, treatment should be prescribed only after testing and clarifying the type of pathogen. You can give your dog an antihistamine before visiting your veterinarian to reduce itching.
Important! Demodectic mange, scabies and other skin diseases manifest themselves in many ways, but require treatment with completely different drugs. Therefore, it makes no sense to do anything on your own without diagnostics.
Treating subcutaneous ticks in dogs
It is much more difficult to cure demodicosis than scabies. To “deactivate” Demodex, it is necessary to completely restore the entire body of the animal. And in order to remove the scabies subcutaneous mite in dogs, it is enough to direct the treatment only to destroy parasites, and then increase the immunity of the pet.
Treatment of demodicosis
The difficulty of getting rid of Demodex is complicated by the fact that its cause is almost impossible to establish. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the dog’s immune system, as well as restore the organs affected by the parasite. The treatment regimen should be as follows:
- to raise immunity. “Immunoparasitan” intramuscularly for 1 week in a dosage corresponding to the weight of the animal;
- for the treatment of the affected areas. bathing and ointments with acaricidal action, which are selected depending on the severity of the lesion (at least 7 procedures with a repetition of the course after 1 week);
- to restore the liver. Karsil tablets according to the instructions (other hepatoprotectors are undesirable, since they can positively affect the state of the tick, especially Essentiale);
- to relieve itching. antihistamines and transfer to a hypoallergenic diet (premium dry food and probiotics to prevent dysbiosis).
If the condition of the animal is critical, the drug “Detomax” is prescribed. It should be borne in mind that such injections from a subcutaneous tick in dogs are a very effective, but highly toxic and very dangerous remedy. Its use is advisable when it outweighs the existing risks of exposure to the weakened body of the dog.
There are no other drugs for demodicosis, including prophylactic ones. If there is a genetic predisposition, the dog may not be protected from the disease, even with the right content. Therefore, after recovery, such animals are removed from breeding.
The scabies mite penetrates the skin of the dog from the outside and lives in it, feeding on the cells of the epidermis. For a certain period, a healthy immune system resists the development of the disease, but the animal is a carrier of parasites and can even infect humans. True, the symptoms will be mild and will quickly pass, since such mites do not take root on the skin of people.
There are 2 types of scabies mites, depending on which different types of scabies develop:
- Classic. caused by the mite sarcoptic mange, characterized by the same symptoms as demodicosis, but with the formation of foci of inflammation already at the initial stage. The chronic course leads to keratosis, the formation of spots and scars.
- Ear. the causative agent is the notoedrosis mite, which affects the outer part of the ears, but can go to the croup and tail if the dog is used to sleeping curled up. The animal hits itself hard on the ears and head to eliminate itching, sometimes causing severe injuries to itself.
In general, the external manifestations of scabies in dogs are very similar to those of demodicosis. Therefore, it is very difficult to distinguish them without special analyzes. To identify the pathogen, a scraping of the upper layer of the epithelium is taken under local anesthesia.
Subcutaneous tick in dogs: symptoms and treatment
Dogs have more sensitive skin than humans, so any kind of skin disease is much more difficult for them. The reason for the appearance of unpleasant symptoms is often subcutaneous mites. parasites that feed on the blood and epithelial cells of the “host”. A subcutaneous mite activated in the body or penetrating from the outside in dogs leads to the appearance of diseases such as demodicosis or scabies. Parasitizing under the skin, mites actively multiply and poison the animal’s body with waste products, which is accompanied by unbearable itching, hair loss and can cause a strong allergic reaction. In addition, some types of subcutaneous mites can be transmitted to humans.
Elimination of scabies mites is carried out using special acaricidal drops, which, simultaneously with the destruction of parasites, have antifungal and antibacterial effect. The treatment is quite simple:
- pathogens are destroyed by applying drops to the withers of a sick animal;
- with severe skin damage, the affected areas are additionally treated with antimicrobial drugs;
- in parallel, the liver is supported (preferably with Karsil) and the immune system is strengthened.
Symptoms of itch mite infestation, such as itching, hair loss and increased irritability of the dog, are characteristic of allergic reactions. over, they may decrease slightly after taking antihistamines if the dog’s owner decides to treat his allergies. But this will not save you from scabies, but time will be wasted. the mites multiply at lightning speed, and the treatment is much more effective at the initial stage.
In order to know exactly how to remove a subcutaneous tick from a dog, it is necessary to correctly determine the type of pathogen, because each of them reacts only to a certain type of medication. Therefore, when these signs appear, the diagnosis should only be made by a doctor after an examination of at least 2-3 scrapings.
With a mild form of scabies or at the onset of the disease, you can alleviate the condition of the dog with folk remedies. The following recipes are suitable for this:
- Garlic tincture. pour the crushed cloves with almond oil in a 1: 2 ratio and leave for 3 days in the dark. Lubricate the skin no more than once a day, since garlic is harmful to dogs.
- Kefir tincture of black sulfur. dilute the sulfur with kefir (1: 3), leave it warm for several hours. Lubricate painful areas also once a day, since the sulfur component dries out the skin too much, causing a strong burning sensation. For the same reason, the product should not be left on the skin. after application it must be washed off.
- Sulfur ointment. a pharmacy drug is used that lubricates the affected areas twice a day without rinsing. The ointment also causes a burning sensation.
- Lavender oil. the skin is first lubricated with oil, and after it has been absorbed, it is rubbed with chalk powder. The procedure is performed 4-5 times a day.
Despite the simplicity and effectiveness of home methods, they should not be overused. These products dry out the dog’s skin and cause significant discomfort.
To prevent infection of the animal with scabies mites, it should be treated with anti-mite drops 2 times a year. It is also important to provide your pet with a balanced diet and periodically give immunomodulatory drugs.
Subcutaneous mites are a very unpleasant and dangerous disease for a dog. The necessary measures should be taken when the first signs or even suspicions of the possibility of developing such pathologies appear. It is much easier to get rid of parasites at the initial stage, since they have certain life cycles. With an advanced disease, skin lesions of a dog can become very strong and painful for the animal itself, and the duration of treatment will stretch for many months. In addition, only an individual comprehensive approach to getting rid of a subcutaneous tick in a dog, including its treatment and general recovery, can give positive results.
You can also ask a question to the in-house veterinarian of our website, who will answer them as soon as possible in the comment box below.
Is encephalitis dangerous for dogs?
Until now, we have talked about the disease piroplasmosis. Encephalitis is primarily dangerous for humans, but against the background of weakened immunity, it can also affect the animal. If a dog is bitten by an encephalitis tick, the symptoms can be severe. Incubation period. 2-3 weeks. Usually the temperature rises, seizures develop, motor functions are impaired, and paralysis is possible. Hypersensitivity of the head and neck, severe pain sensations are often manifested. Behavior can vary from apathetic to aggressive. Later, paralysis of the facial and eye muscles occurs. If the dog is bitten by an encephalitis tick, there is no specific treatment, and the prognosis is usually poor, with a high probability of death.
A dog was bitten by a tick: what to do at home? Tick bite symptoms
Spring days beckon to the forest or to the river. Of course, your dog does not want to stay in a cramped apartment, and you take him with you so that he can play plenty of fresh grass. Sorry, it’s spring. this is also a time of increased danger to meet a tick. Waking up after hibernation, these insects are very active, they need fresh blood for life and reproduction. If a dog is bitten by a tick, what to do?
Symptoms We Should Know
If your dog is bitten by a tick, symptoms will begin to appear within the first week. With a lightning-fast course of the disease, they will develop so rapidly that you will not have time to take action. But this is not a very common form of piroplasmosis. Usually there is a sharp rise in temperature up to 41-42 degrees. Please note that this symptom does not appear all the time. This is only a reaction to the introduction of parasites, and after one or two days the temperature will return to normal, and later will begin to decrease. Therefore, after removing the tick, be sure to check the temperature in the dog’s anus every day. Normally, it is 38.5 degrees.
The difficulty of diagnosis is that if a dog is bitten by a tick, the symptoms may vary. But almost everyone has a refusal to eat, apathy, drowsiness. Trembling, shortness of breath and pale mucous membranes are also characteristic. Often, animals begin to roll over onto their backs and whine, they are tormented by pain in the abdomen. Bitches may have vaginal bleeding.
If a dog is bitten by a tick, the symptoms will increase, so don’t waste time, tomorrow it will only get worse. There may be unsteadiness of gait, failure of the hind limbs. This is not typical, but vomiting and diarrhea sometimes occur. A little later, a fetid odor from the mouth is observed, and the urine darkens, blood may appear in it.
When to sound the alarm
The tick itself is not dangerous, it will not be able to drink all the blood. But he is a carrier of blood parasites that settle in red blood cells and destroy them. They multiply very quickly, and if you do not take action, this will lead to the death of the animal in 98% of cases. Many owners get scared if the dog is bitten by a tick. What to do in such a situation? First of all, don’t panic. It happens that a dog brings ticks on the withers all spring, but it never gets sick. Usually from 3 to 14% of the entire generation of bloodsucking are infected. Therefore, you should remove the tick and observe your pet. Any change in behavior or condition. this is a reason to go to the veterinary clinic.
What is the danger of a tick bite?
Microscopic parasites carried by this insect settle in the blood, destroy its cells, completely disrupting metabolic processes and causing severe intoxication. Normally, symptoms appear 6-10 days after the bite. But they depend on the form of the course of the disease. With its hyperacute course, the symptoms appear literally on the second day, and this ends with the death of the animal.
The acute form occurs quite often, we observe its manifestation within a week after the dog has been bitten by a tick. “What to do at home?” this is the question most often asked by animal owners. Unfortunately, without special tests and medications, you will not be able to do anything. See your veterinarian as soon as possible. There is a chronic form, which is extremely difficult to diagnose. A short rise in temperature and lethargy are replaced by an improvement in the condition, after which the animal again refuses food. Such fluctuations can last long enough, but gradually the weakness grows, the animal gets tired quickly, it rarely has a good appetite.
Treating your pet
As already mentioned, if a dog is bitten by a tick, the consequences can be dire. Therefore, in the spring-summer period, it is required to pay maximum attention to the four-legged friend. Even the smallest deviation in behavior can be a reason for consulting a veterinarian. Tests for piroplasmosis are done quickly and are inexpensive, so even if you are reinsured, nothing bad will happen.
Even if you are sure that the dog was bitten by a tick, a professional should decide how to treat it based on ready-made tests. Often in a veterinary clinic, they are guided by symptoms and prescribe antiparasitic drugs, without waiting for the return of tests from the laboratory. You should insist that the doctor wait until the diagnosis is confirmed, especially since today it takes just a few minutes.
Remember that all modern antiparasitic drugs are very toxic and strike not only the pyroplasm, but also the body of the animal. If you limit yourself to one injection, then the health consequences can be fatal. Kidneys and liver, gastrointestinal tract suffer, immunity is destroyed. That is why a long rehabilitation is required, and it cannot be neglected.
How to remove a tick correctly
When the dog was bitten by a tick, we already know what to do. It is imperative to remove the parasite. It should be noted here that normally ticks are sucked in only 5-6 hours after traveling through the body. When combing your pet after a walk, you can catch an uninvited guest before he has time to suck.
If you missed this moment and found an already swollen ball of a drunk tick, then you need to remove it. Be sure to wear gloves if the tick is a carrier, for example, of encephalitis, then in contact with skin and mucous membranes, there is a high probability of infection. To get the tick to pull the head a little, drip oil, cologne or nail polish on it. About one drop every minute. After a few minutes, grab the insect with a rope loop as close to the proboscis as possible and try to rotate to one side. It usually comes out after two turns.
There is another good way: heat the tip of the needle over a flame and bring it to the place where the proboscis is immersed in the skin. Usually the insect pulls out the head immediately. You can’t pull the tick, there is a high probability of rupture. The site of the bite should be treated with iodine or brilliant green and observed for the tumor to subside. If it does not decrease, but on the contrary, redness and abscesses are observed, then an urgent need to consult a doctor.
Difficulties in diagnosing the disease
If in the case when a dog has recently been bitten by a tick, what to do is more or less clear, then when alarming symptoms “out of nowhere” occur, the situation looks confusing. The fact is that the disease does not necessarily manifest itself in the near future; it can “wait” for the moment when the animal’s immunity weakens. If a dog refuses to eat in the middle of winter, rarely does any owner remember that in the summer he removed the tick. But such things need to be remembered and in time to seek veterinary help.
One more point: an infected tick behaves somewhat differently than a healthy one. Especially if it is a male, he can bite and fall off without sucking. It is almost impossible to notice this on a walk, especially on a dark large dog. It remains only to monitor the health of your pet and not delay with the consultation of a specialist.
The dog was bitten by a tick, they tried to remove it. What to do now?
We noticed a drunk tick on the dog’s head, tried to remove it, but obviously something remained inside. It is impossible to squeeze out or get it. What can be done? It’s okay if you have to wait until the morning when veterinary hospitals will open? This is the first time we have this, I am very worried about the dog. Please respond, who knows.
Was the dog treated with tick-repellent? Did you wear a tick collar? But this is not a 100% guarantee ((.
In the morning, urgently take to the doctor and ask them what medicines they will treat. Last year we lost a dog (((. And the collar was and was smeared with a remedy for ticks (((. I got sick anyway, and in the veterinary hospital) the doctor (tested for years mortality of dogs (((. And our dog died (((and all other dogs caught in this period) also died (((. Be more careful with veterinary doctors ((.
left inside the head of the tick, next time remove it more carefully, you do not need oil, just grab it closer to the base and pull. Now you don’t need to do (pick) anything, the body itself will cope with this, push it out, it’s not for nothing that they say “heals like on a dog.” The main danger. this is the possibility of infection with piroplasmosis, which occurs directly during the tick bite. Especially if you still have a puppy who has a harder time tolerating this disease than an adult dog. Watch for symptoms, read about them on the net. everything is healed, if on time. For any suspicion, first. analyzes, and only then. treatment, because drugs are very serious, cannot be used as preventive measures.
we, too, after the first tick rushed to the vet, bulging our eyes. and now we remove up to 5 ticks from our cat every day and not all can be completely pulled out. and nothing, it goes by itself.
many dogs just die from the fact that doctors inject them with drugs for piroplasmosis, without having the test results on hand. I repeat once again, these are very strong drugs, if there is no pyroplasm in the dog’s body, then the drug will kill the dog. I heard from the owners when, just in case, they injected the drug to a healthy dog and she died. With symptoms, do tests (now they can be done at any time of the day and the results will be within an hour) and based on the results. treatment. Finally, call the 24/7 veterinary clinics and consult.
Be sure to go to the veterinarian in the morning, hand over the tests and the blockade will be done to you, just in case.
the tick is screwed in clockwise, try to twist it against
We’ve had this with a dog, don’t worry. In the morning, be sure to take your dog to the doctor, but for now, do not touch anything else. The doctor should give you an ointment, you will smear it as the doctor says, and that’s it 🙂 At least they prescribed an ointment for us, although now they may have already invented something new, I don’t know. Everything with the dog will be fine.
By the way, our dog was not injected with anything! And this ointment remained with us, now if we suddenly pull out a tick unsuccessfully, we smear it.
A friend’s dog died a month ago from piroplasmosis in 2 days. They did not go to the hospital in time.
the first remedy is to pour salt with oil on the mite. If you do not know how to pull out, then a). Learn. b) go to vet-ku
Urgently to the veterinarian! Now, they say, a high mortality of dogs from tick bites!
A friend’s dog almost died a month ago. We managed to see a doctor in time.
I had a dog, we always walked in the forest, so I constantly caught ticks. And nothing, they pulled out themselves, it happened that the head remained, then everything healed. Never went to the vet with this.
Don’t go to the doctor. Look at the behavior of the dog, at the mucous membrane of the mouth, at the urine. If he begins to refuse food, becomes sad, mucous and urine begins to turn yellow, then see a doctor. We have a dog for 8 years in the country every summer. Piroplasmos was 1 time, the next day after it was bitten, it was noticeable that the dog was sick. And so every week we find one tick for sure and everything is ok.
I have a dog treated with Frontline drops, plus she is wearing a Kiltiks collar against ticks and fleas, and it doesn’t matter how we go into the forest, the ticks cling. I pulled them out myself, I never completely pull them out, I did not go to the doctor, it passed by itself. The main thing is that even the only tick that clings is not a carrier of piroplasmosis.
People! Ticks crawl over the animal for some time before clinging. If you comb it out after every walk (not in the apartment, of course), then the risk decreases by ninety-nine percent. Don’t be lazy and scratch your favorites. At the dacha, I scratch mine seven times a day. not carefully, as during molting, but just “combing.” Well, of course, you also need to process it, an additional guarantee is all the same. Ticks will still climb, but smaller, and two pieces are not twenty.
This summer I removed 4 ticks from the dog myself, at first I was scared when they noticed. I immediately called a friend, a dog lover, who could advise. she reassured that infectious ticks are rare in our region. Well, I handled them all perfectly. The protruding, drunk butt of the tick is lubricated with oil, for about half an hour, the tick decently looses its grip, then it is clamped with eyebrow tweezers and twisted (do not drag on yourself sharply, but it is necessary to twist!). All the ticks in this way came out perfectly for me. After that, the site of the bite is treated with iodine. If any signs of the disease begin. better to the vet. everything worked out for us, ugh ugh.
correctly described how to get rid of ticks. if you do not hesitate, you can not lubricate with oil and twist with your fingers when the tick swells well. I do this all the time. twisting the living! ticks. Thank God I never had any problems.
Dog Ticks: How To Remove and Prevent
It has not been possible to get the tick out of the dog for a day already, that only they did not pierce it does not help, and poured oil, vodka and tied a thread! In general, he does not want to climb out. In the veterinary hospital he tried to get off already 2 times walk 2 stops and go to bed (he knows that we are going to the hospital, it happened more than once, but the problems were not so serious) Now I don’t know what to do. How to get this parasite out
You can also pour water into a bottle and cover the neck of the tick so that it is completely covered with water. Wait 15-20 minutes. I had just pulled out a tick from a dog in this way, so I began to crawl out myself, gently pulled it in a circular motion, and it fell out. After that, be sure to treat the wound or brilliant green with alcohol.
The body of the tick must be pierced with a pin. Through. In a day at most, he will fall off himself.
I have a pooch, 6 months old. 2 days ago, 3 ticks were removed from her, everything was fine. But yesterday she stopped eating, she was walking sadly, her temperature rose. In the morning we went to the doctor, he did not do any tests, injected 12 injections, 10 into a vein on his paw, 2 into the neck. We came home to eat and drink at least, and we’ll go again tomorrow. I seem to have heard that they should put droppers, and take a blood test?
Yesterday 3 more injections were made, now they said to come in a month !! It seems that his condition was improving, his appetite woke up, he drinks well. The doctor said to look after the color of urine, well, it seems that the color is normal as usual. Vitamin pain should be given. The hind legs give way a little, the doctor said it is necessary to walk more and so that she could run, and not sit in one place.
If everything worked out for you, this does not mean anything yet. Many sabaki die in one day, who has what kind of immunity. People, if you value your pets, as soon as you find a tick on your sabaki or your behavior has changed, your appetite has disappeared, your temperature has gone IMMEDIATELY TO A DOCTOR. The brush goes on for minutes.
Such a question, we can’t pull out the tick, we will take it to the veterinarian in the morning, the tick itself will not get out of the animal? (while we sleep and will not be bitten?)))
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Why tick bites are dangerous for a dog
In addition to the unpleasant consequences that are characteristic of the bites of any parasitic bloodsucker, such as itching, allergic manifestations of varying severity, suppuration and other lesions of the skin, bites of ixodid ticks carry the risk of infection of a dog with piroplasmosis (canine babesiosis), which is commonly called canine encephalitis.
- This disease is caused by the simplest blood parasites that invade red blood cells, as a result of which the blood structure is destroyed and the dog dies if nothing is done or treated. Pathogens are transmitted at the time of a tick bite, which acts as a kind of reservoir for protozoa, where they multiply and then enter the blood of the animal.
- Most representatives of the canine family suffer from piroplasmosis. The infection is most severely and acutely transmitted by young pedigree dogs and puppies. smoothed symptoms are typical for adult animals. Mortality from this disease in dogs, in the absence of adequate treatment, tends to 100% and occurs about a week after the pathogens enter the dog’s bloodstream.
- After a tick is found in a dog, the first symptoms of infection do not occur immediately, and they are not specific. Therefore, inexperienced owners may not pay attention to them or misinterpret them, and only when the dog becomes completely ill, they take him to the clinic to the veterinarian, where it is not always possible to save the pet.
The situation is complicated by the fact that ticks in dogs, having drunk blood, after a while themselves can fall off from the body of the victim, and remain undetected. Therefore, it is necessary to know the characteristic symptoms that will tell for sure that this is tick-borne piroplasmosis, and what the owner of the bitten dog should do in this case.
Symptoms indicating piroplasmosis infection
The characteristic symptoms for piroplasmosis separately can manifest themselves in many diseases with a milder course, therefore, to suspect it is piroplasmosis in the early stages, when the dog can still be saved with the help of the treatment started on time, a comprehensive analysis of the behavior and well-being of the pet helps.
Symptoms after infection manifest themselves rapidly, as the disease progresses, the existing ones are aggravated, and new ones are added.
- The first symptoms begin on the second day after the bite, with a rise in temperature to 42 degrees, which is kept at this level until the onset of an irreversible stage preceding the death of the animal.
- The dog is breathing rapidly, its pulse becomes threadlike and frequent.
- The pet loses activity, becomes lethargic, moves a little, tries more to lie down and do nothing, refuses to play, goes out for a walk reluctantly, seeks to hide away from the owners so that he is not disturbed.
- The animal loses appetite, which in itself may not alert the owner. But the fact that a pet turns away from a favorite treat, which it has always begged for before, should cause serious concern.
- In a day or two, vomiting joins, often with mucus, because the dog is hungry by this time and his stomach is empty. Possible admixture of blood in vomit.
- Vomiting is accompanied by a violation of the stool in the form of diarrhea with possible blood impurities, the color of feces shifts towards bright yellow or greenish.
- Lips, mouth and eyelids often turn red at first, and then pale, with an icteric or grayish tinge, but they can immediately turn pale, bypassing redness.
- On days 2. 4, weakness in the hind legs, characteristic of piroplasmosis, is observed. The pet moves with difficulty, the gait is constrained, as if it brings suffering to the dog. At this stage, all the summary symptoms already indicate the development of an acute stage of a fatal infection.
- On days 3. 5, the dog’s urine darkens due to the destroyed red blood cells secreted during urination, and becomes similar to dark beer or coffee. This phase presupposes urgent resuscitation measures, because it indicates the beginning of irreversible processes.
- If then the owner of a sick dog does not take the right steps and does not seek urgent veterinary help, but begins to independently treat the dog with all sorts of folk remedies, the pet will become completely paralyzed after 5-7 days from the moment of infection with a tick bite, and the animal will inevitably die.
Important! In some breeds or in dogs with strong immunity, as well as in those who have had piroplasmosis earlier, the symptoms may be mild and smoothed out, and the disease may be prolonged in time, but recovery will not come! Therefore, it is better for the owners of such pets to insure themselves and contact a veterinarian by passing an analysis for the presence of the pathogen.
What to do if the tick is not detected, and the symptoms resemble the development of piroplasmosis
It often happens that with the most careful examination of the dog after each walk, the tick cannot be found.
- This is explained by the fact that a tick, once on the dog’s body, can look for a suitable place to suck for about an hour or two.
- During the search for such a place, the body of the parasite is not yet filled with blood and is small enough in size for the bloodsucker to be detected, especially since it is not attached to a certain place.
- Therefore, an examination, especially if it was the last evening walk, may not give anything, and overnight the tick will suck, drink blood, infect the dog with piroplasmosis and safely fall off, leaving no visible bite marks.
- The dog begins to get sick, the others are added to one symptom, time passes, and the owner does not even suspect that the reason is a tick bite. Such cases are the most common reason for the loss of a beloved pet.
Therefore, when the first signs of trouble with the dog appear, you need to urgently go to the veterinarian, since signals such as a combination of lethargy, lack of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea already speak of a formidable disease. This may not necessarily be a tick-borne infection, it is quite possible that it will turn out to be a distemper or enteritis, but dogs die from them too! Self-administration of treatment or all sorts of folk recipes will not help here!
What to do if you find a tick in a dog
With the onset of the first warmth in spring and until the very end of autumn, while the grass is standing, the dogs are in mortal danger from the bite of ixodid ticks, and not only in nature outside the city, but literally near the house, where the dog goes for a walk every day.
Therefore, every responsible dog owner must know what to do when ticks are found in dogs and what symptoms they can cause. This is a signal for careful observation of the pet’s behavior, and if it changes, it is a reason for an urgent visit to the veterinary clinic.
What to do for the owner of a tick-bitten dog
Many inexperienced dog breeders get lost when they first discover a tick in a dog and do not know what to do next. But even worse, when the tick is not detected at all, which happens quite often.
Then it remains only to closely observe the dog, and as soon as it stops eating favorite treats, not to mention the usual food, without waiting for the onset of other subsequent signs, immediately contact a veterinary clinic!
A tick found and removed in time is a chance that the pet did not have time to become infected with a dangerous infection.
- Therefore, ideally, after each walk, the dog should undergo a scrupulous examination. the paws, armpits, groin, neck and chest are examined most thoroughly, even if the pet is treated against ticks, because no remedy can give a 100% guarantee.
- If a characteristic tubercle is felt through the wool, then you need to carefully examine it, and if it is a tick, then immediately proceed to remove it.
- To do this, you need to arm yourself with tweezers and alcohol, you can vodka or brandy.
- Gently spreading the fur, moisten the protruding body of the bloodsucker, especially the place of its introduction into the skin, with alcohol or a liquid containing it.
- Wait a little for the tick to relax the proboscis under the influence of alcohol, and proceed with its direct removal.
- Grasping the parasite with tweezers at the very point of contact with the skin, start twisting movements in one direction, holding the tweezers parallel to the skin or at a slight angle, avoiding an incorrect perpendicular grip, which may rupture the tick body.
- The extracted bloodsucker must be submitted for analysis in order to check for the presence of pathogens of piroplasmosis, if they are found, donate the dog’s blood for analysis in order to start adequate treatment on time and have time to save the pet.
- If the tick could not be pulled out completely and the head remained inside, you need to contact your veterinarian, as infection is possible.
- After each detected tick, it is necessary to look closely at your pet, its behavior and well-being, and in case of the slightest deterioration, immediately seek help from a veterinary clinic, otherwise it could cost him his life!
Important! Specialists in parasitology do not advise using oil, gasoline and other poisonous mixtures to pre-wet the tick. they can kill the parasite, but at the time of death it will relax the proboscis, and the contents of its stomach, along with the causative agents of pyroplasmosis, will enter the dog’s blood, infecting it with an infection.
Prevention of piroplasmosis
and more cases of treatment of treated dogs for infection with piroplasmosis are recorded, and not all pets can be saved.!
- Therefore, it is better to insure yourself in case of leaving or walking outside the city limits, outdoors in the forest or in the field, during rest, training or hunting.
- To do this, in addition to drops on the withers or an insecticidal collar, the belly and paws of the pet can be additionally treated with a protective spray.
- A novelty has proven itself well. dog pills “Bravecto”, which can protect a pet for 12 weeks. But they do not scare away ticks, but kill them while trying to bite a dog.
- Therefore, treatment with a spray that has excellent repellent qualities is justified in any case when the risk for the dog of becoming a victim of a tick attack is highest.
Important! After treating your pet with any of the protective agents, do not forget about the duration of its action against ticks, which, as a rule, is always shorter than against fleas and other parasites! Repeat the treatment in time so that your beloved dog is always as protected as possible from the threat of dying, becoming a victim of piroplasmosis infection after being bitten by a small ixodid tick!