Reasons for the appearance
The main reason for the appearance of abscesses is damage to the skin with the formation of a wound through which microbes penetrate. They trigger an inflammatory response. If a dog’s paw breaks out, then this may be the result of:
- Inserting a splinter, wounds on a sharp object while walking or at home. For example, a pet might step on broken glass. Splinters enter the skin, the body begins to fight the irritant, but cannot cleanse itself, so inflammation develops.
- Damage in a fight. Dogs, especially neutered dogs, often engage in combat with other animals. The consequences are punctures from the teeth, lacerations. If the pet’s immunity is weakened, then a cavity filled with pus is quickly formed.
Often, abscesses appear between the toes, as this area is almost constantly moist, which serves as a favorable environment for the development of bacteria.
What is the danger?
The paws are constantly in contact with the ground, dirt, which only increases the likelihood of suppuration. In this case, a rupture of the abscess often occurs due to mechanical action, this infects it even more.
The animal constantly licks the affected area, which does not help healing. If you do not notice the deterioration in the pet’s condition in time, then the stage of development of the abscess becomes difficult. Possible blood poisoning.
If lameness is found in a dog, it is recommended to examine the paw for fractures, bruises, and wounds. This will help you consult a doctor in time for recommendations on pet therapy.
It is impossible to open an abscess on a dog’s paw, as inept manipulations will lead to damage to healthy tissues, the introduction of even more microbes.
How to help a dog when his paw breaks?
Dogs are often injured. An infection is sometimes introduced into the wounds, which causes the appearance of abscesses. The affected area becomes inflamed, swollen. An abscess on a paw in a dog is treated under the supervision of a veterinarian, as there is a risk of developing sepsis.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
Suppuration is manifested by a number of characteristic symptoms for inflammation:
- redness and swelling of the site of infection;
- discharge from a wound with pus;
- baldness of the affected area;
- lethargy, weakness, apathy, lack of appetite;
- pain syndrome, manifested by constant licking of the wound;
- the area around the wound is hot.
It is recommended to remember the symptoms, deviations in behavior. This will help the veterinarian diagnose. He will also conduct an examination, measure the temperature, and do a blood test for inflammation.
What is cramp?
The basis of seizures is the hyperactivity of neurons responsible for the motor control system. Depending on the area, nature and degree of damage to the nervous system, symptoms can be very different, from muscle tremors, twitching of one paw or facial muscles to a seizure that terribly frightens the owners: the dog suddenly falls, begins to twitch all over, foam or saliva flows from the mouth A favorite can be described, because control over the body is lost, and the muscles contract voluntarily. This condition is often referred to as an epileptic seizure, although epilepsy is not always the cause.
As a rule, a seizure lasts from a few seconds to five minutes, and stops as suddenly as it began: the dog gets up, looks around in bewilderment, shakes its head, and moves stiffly. Many pets greedily drink or eat immediately after an attack, react inhibited to the owner’s voice, sit or lie staring at one point. If the attack happened for the first time, the danger to the pet’s life is minimal, but the cause of the condition must be identified and eliminated (or taken under control).
Muscle cramps in a dog: causes, symptoms and treatment
When an owner sees a dog’s cramps, what to do is the first question that comes to mind. Convulsive twitching, foam from the mouth, loss of consciousness. this is very scary. Unfortunately, it is impossible to help your pet on your own. Convulsions are an alarming and serious symptom, in the presence of which it is necessary to go to the clinic without delay.
Causes of seizures
Muscle shaking and cramps provoke many diseases:
Dog Health Treatment & Advice : How to Treat a Swollen Paw
- infections of a viral, fungal, parasitic, bacterial nature;
- chronic ailments of the liver, kidneys, heart, gallbladder;
- pathology of the cardiovascular system;
- tumors of the spine, brain;
- inflammatory processes of a non-infectious nature;
- injuries of the spine, internal organs, head. Even those that seemed insignificant and which the owner had long forgotten;
- severe poisoning (toxins, poisons, metals), bites of poisonous insects, snakes;
- hypoglycemia (low sugar);
- polycythemia (an increase in the number of red blood cells).
- congenital pathologies, diabetes, epilepsy, exhaustion, electric shock.
Muscle cramps in an old dog are often triggered by kidney disease, degenerative tissue changes (age-related), vascular ailments, tumors.
All small puppies and excitable dogs have conditions similar to seizures during sleep: the pet whines, shakes its paws or ears, and fine twitching of the facial muscles. If you pet the dog and talk to it in a quiet, soothing voice, the trembling stops. This is a normal condition that does not require treatment. Many zoologists believe that dogs have disturbing dreams at such times. “Puppy” shaking will disappear with age, excitable dogs need to be walked more often in unfamiliar places to strengthen the nervous system.
Eclampsia or seizures in a dog after childbirth occurs due to a sharp decrease in the level of calcium in the blood. The seizure usually goes away without losing consciousness, but the dog does not respond to the owner. Temperature and pressure rise, breathing is shallow and rapid. This is a dangerous condition that requires immediate veterinary attention. If eclampsia is not treated, the attacks are repeated more and more often, up to the death of the pet (do not be fooled by the satisfactory condition of the dog in the intervals between attacks!).
And this is only a small part of the factors that cause seizures. It is hardly possible to list all the reasons, there are too many of them. That is why it is important to show the dog to the doctor, not relying on his own strength and self-healing.
- take it easy yourself. The first attack is extremely rarely dangerous. Most likely, the pet will come to his senses in a few minutes;
- provide complete peace, blind the windows, turn off the music, TV;
- transfer the dog to a thick blanket, mattress. But not on the bed, it is better to throw the mat on the floor;
- put your pet on its right side to make it easier to breathe. Make sure that the foam (saliva) flows out of the mouth;
- Place a roller or palm under your head to minimize the possibility of TBI;
- do not try to bring the dog to life, do not hold the pet forcibly, pressing it to the floor. Do not try to open your jaws, shove a spoon between your teeth.
If the dog has cramps of the hind legs or another part of the body (ie, not an “epileptic” seizure, but convulsive twitching without losing consciousness), take the pet to the doctor immediately. If your dog is unconscious and struggling in a seizure, wait until the seizure is over before heading to the clinic. If this is a series of short attacks or an attack lasts longer than 10 minutes, wrap your pet (not tightly) in a thick blanket and take him to the clinic (or urgently call your veterinarian at home).
Is the dog limping? Take a close look at her paws
Dog lameness can be caused by a broken claw, a cut, a foreign object between the toes, dry and cracked pads, or a burn.
The first thing you should do is carefully check your dog’s paw pads. Be very careful when touching a sore paw. Even the calmest and kindest dog can bite when touching the source of its pain.
Once you find the problem, you need to:
If your dog has a broken claw, it can be very painful for him. The broken claw must be completely removed, and anesthesia may be required. Bleeding can be controlled with a tight bandage, moxibustion, or a special medication that stops the bleeding. Once the claw is removed, healing will begin. A new claw will grow in a few months. Depending on the nature of the wound, you can give your dog an antibiotic.
If your dog has a small cut, wash it with disinfectants and apply an antiseptic ointment, wrap with a bandage and put a sock on its paw, fixing it well. If the cut is very deep, take your dog to the vet.
If a foreign object is stuck between your toes or in the ball of your foot, gently remove it with tweezers. Usually, these objects are sharp pebbles, glass shards, dry branches, etc. Excess hair between the toes can also be uncomfortable. It should be cut. Disinfect the wound and, if necessary, give an antibiotic to the dog.
Dry, cracked paw pads need a moisturizer. You can use the same lotions you use on your hands. Use moisturizers for several days in a row. Remember, if the pad becomes too soft, it will be vulnerable to injury. Put a sock or special shoe on top of the cream or lotion to prevent the dog from licking it.
Minor burns should be treated in the same way as cuts: wash your paw, apply antibiotic ointment, and bandage and put on a sock. If the burn is severe, consult your veterinarian.
Examine your dog’s paws weekly. If your dog has to move on very difficult surfaces: hard, cold, hot, rocky, etc. wear special boots for her to prevent injury. Trim your nails regularly to keep them from breaking. Keep the paw pads clean by thoroughly removing dirt, pebbles, sand, etc., and trim excess hair between the toes.
If the wound does not heal for a long time or is too painful, there is redness, inflammation, the dog has a fever, loss of appetite, or you are unsure of something, consult your veterinarian.
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Causes of lameness in dogs
In summary, the reasons why a dog clenches its hind leg or limps can be divided into three groups:
- orthopedic pathologies (problems with the musculoskeletal system, that is, bones, muscles, joints and ligaments),
- neurological pathologies (problems with the central and peripheral nervous system),
- a group of various pathologies that do not have a common name (some infections, dermatological lesions, mechanical causes can also lead to lameness).
Orthopedic pathology. Any injury that damages bones, joints, ligaments or soft tissues can lead to lameness. fractures, dislocations, sprains, bruises. In any case, after an episode of injury, it is recommended to show the dog to the surgeon and, if necessary, take an X-ray. even if it seems that the dog has a simple bruise, it is better to make sure of this. The next group is congenital developmental disorders of the musculoskeletal system. This includes dysplasia of the hip joint (hip joint), a problem primarily in large and giant breeds, but it occurs in everyone else. Dysplasia is a disorder of the development of joints, the articular surfaces do not match each other exactly. By itself, it does not lead to lameness, however, in dogs with dysplasia, osteoarthritis develops, which already causes pain and lameness. The tendency to dysplasia is hereditary, therefore it is recommended to exclude pets with this pathology from breeding. Another problem in large dogs that often leads to lameness, including unilateral lameness, is rupture of the ACL (anterior cruciate ligament). Medial dislocation of the patella is common in small and decorative breeds, and as with dysplasia, it can occur in dogs of all sizes, but less frequently. In dogs, Perthes disease (or avascular necrosis) occurs, when the nutrition of the femoral head is disrupted, it dies and begins to collapse. This is most often a one-sided pathology, the dog will limp only on one hind leg, as the disease progresses, the support ability on this limb will completely disappear. In the later stages of pain, there will be no pain, but the performance of the limb will be extremely impaired, usually such paws are even visually withered, without fleshing, and even after the operation, it will take a lot of time and effort to train the dog to use this limb again.
Neurological pathology. The cause can also be various injuries, as a result of which the nervous system is damaged. both the spinal cord or the brain, and peripheral nerves. For example, one of the causes of lameness can be damage to the sciatic nerve from an unsuccessful injection. Another common cause is BMPD, a disease of intervertebral discs (intervertebral hernia is a frequent, but not very correct name). Dogs of Honda breeds are primarily predisposed to it. dachshunds, Welsh Corgi, Bulldogs, Pugs, Biglies, Basset Hounds, Spaniels, Pekingese, Poodles, Shih Tzu and their mestizo. However, there are three types of intervertebral disc disease, the second type occurs in all breeds of dogs, and is most often chronic in nature, the symptoms increase gradually, there may be several protrusions. There are also a number of other pathologies that can lead to impaired support in dogs. wobbler syndrome, wedge-shaped vertebrae syndrome, spondymelopathy, fibrocartilaginous embolism, and others. Pathologies of the peripheral nervous system, such as degenerative myelopathy, most often manifest as progressive weakness starting in the hind limbs.
Other pathologies. This can include various mechanical reasons, due to which the dog cannot normally step on its paw and limps. a broken claw, a stone stuck between the pads or a frozen lump of ice, interfering, incorrectly put on ammunition. Certain systemic conditions, such as diabetes, can also lead to lameness. Lameness can be caused by nutritional disorders. alimentary hyperparathyroidism in puppies caused by a calcium deficiency in the diet and an incorrect calcium-phosphorus balance, phosphorus deficiency, hypervitaminosis D, which can lead to soft tissue calcification, and others.
The dog is limping on its hind leg
(c) Veterinary Center for the Treatment and Rehabilitation of Animals “Zoostatus”.
Lameness in dogs is a symptom of a number of pathologies, manifested in the deterioration or lack of support for one or more limbs. In addition to the usual understanding of lameness (stumbling gait), this also includes pinching of the paws, dragging, incorrect positioning, and the complete inability to walk. Lameness can be either one, or two, three, all four paws.
Diagnosis of lameness
If a dog clenches its paw, places it incorrectly, drags it, its activity has changed, it plays less, refuses to jump, climb or descend stairs. all these symptoms require a visit to the veterinary clinic. Even if it seems that the paw does not hurt at the same time. the dog calmly lets you touch it, does not whine. you still should not delay the visit. The longer the limb is not fully used, the faster the muscles atrophy, the ligaments shorten, worsening the prognosis for recovery. At the same time, due to anatomically incorrect gait, other limbs will also hurt, due to which the lack of support on one of the paws will be compensated.
Diagnosis of lameness should always begin with a face-to-face examination by a veterinarian. Based on the results of the anamnesis collection and the initial examination, a surgical or neurological examination is carried out, further diagnostics will depend on their results. X-rays are often needed, arthroscopy, CSF analysis, MRI, ultrasound of joints and ligaments, CT, tests for genetic diseases may also be recommended.
Treatment and prevention of lameness in dogs
Treatment for lameness will depend on the diagnosis. Fractures often require osteosynthesis, since plaster casts and braces for use in animals are extremely limited and are usually not recommended for use. Many pathologies also require surgical treatment. resection of the femoral head in Perthes disease, stabilization in case of ACL rupture, and so on. In some cases, pain relief, limitation of movement, and rest may be prescribed. Some pathologies are incurable, but you can maintain a high quality of life for a pet. competent care, pain relief. For most pathologies, the development of a rehabilitation program can also be recommended, including for preparation for surgical intervention, and immediately after it.
Prevention of lameness consists in a full-fledged balanced diet, competent care and breeding hygiene. animals with hereditary pathologies should be excluded from breeding.
The dog is limping on its hind leg. video with a veterinary rehabilitator about possible causes:
The dog’s paw hurts
Dogs are very active animals, and quite often suffer from various kinds of trauma and mechanical damage. This usually leads to pain in the hind and forelimbs, because they are at the greatest risk. Usually, such problems do not scare pet owners too much, because there is a proverb “heals like on a dog” for a good reason. However, although there is some truth in this, most owners do not know how extensive the list of causes can cause pain when walking and how difficult the treatment of some of them can be. That is why, if a dog’s paw hurts, you should carefully read all possible factors that can provoke this symptom and seek qualified help from a veterinarian.
Possible Reasons Your Dog Has Paw Soreness
Contrary to popular belief, the causes of pain in the limbs in dogs are many, and they are very diverse. Their list includes various diseases, which, in turn, are caused by certain factors. Dog owners who are concerned about their pet’s paws should review it carefully to better understand the situation and possibly avoid it.
So, the list of factors and diseases that can cause pain in the paws in a dog includes:
- Inflammatory processes in the digital area. Most often, they are caused by exactly the same reasons as ordinary bruises, mechanical damage to the skin and inflammation of the soft part of the foot. Most often, this kind of process progresses in animals, one of the features of which is an elongated restraint or noticeably spaced front and hind legs (the so-called open limbs). Also, a similar problem can arise in dogs that do not have a natural predisposition to this. A catalyzing factor in such cases is long walks on hard and uneven surfaces, paved sidewalks, as well as when standing on the ground for a long time in cold or rainy weather.
- Aseptic inflammation, usually progressing between a dog’s toes, can also cause severe pain. However, if no infectious agents enter the body, this problem goes away quickly and by itself. However, otherwise, the animal may develop purulent processes, ulcerative wounds or eczema. If this kind of inflammation has progressed too seriously, the veterinarian will usually use methods used to treat inflammation throughout the body (prescribing anti-inflammatory drugs). If the dog is actively licking the interdigital zone, the owners of the animal should treat this part of the body with aloe. Since the dog needs to walk in any case, the doctor puts a protective bandage on the affected area.
- Ingrown claws. This problem most often occurs in decorative dog breeds, as well as in animals that have little movement. They can grow so-called “spur claws”, which, growing back, bend to the inner side and grow into the paw pads, which, in turn, causes severe inflammation, and subsequently suppuration of the pet’s paw. If a dog has a paw pain, it is worth checking it for ingrown claws, and if they are found, take the animal to an appointment with a veterinarian who will eliminate the ingrowth with surgical forceps.
- Cracked or broken claws. Usually, such problems arise after mechanical damage to the limbs, which were not noticed in time and provoked suppuration and falling off of the claws. This can happen if the animal is caught on an object. As a rule, in such cases, the dog begins to noticeably limp, and touching the paw causes pain. To avoid complete loss of claws and improve the general condition of the animal, the paw must be thoroughly washed, held in a special softening bath, treated with antiseptics, then dried with cotton wool or bandages. Next, the limb is sprinkled with antimicrobial powder, and a protective bandage is applied. If the nail is not broken off, but only cracked, you can smear them with regular or hypoxy resin. It can help preserve the animal’s claws.
- Elbow hygroma. This disease is characterized by the accumulation of fluid in the elbow joint. The disease is most common in large dogs such as Great Danes and Greyhounds. Their structure is such that the elbow often rests on the surface, which means that the mucous bag of the elbow is often subjected to pressure and gradually injured, as a result of which there is a significant increase in size and accumulation of serous fluid (if the disease has acquired a chronic course). In some cases, the fluid becomes hemorrhagic or serofibrinous. If the mucous bag is inflamed, it becomes visible and reaches the size of an egg. But even so, it does not provoke lameness. Treatment of the elbow hygroma involves removing the swelling with a syringe. Further, special astringent solutions are injected into the cavity (iodine solution can be used for the procedure). In the future, the inflamed area is daily treated with alcoholic iodine tincture. If the dog has a relapse, the treatment is repeated exactly. If therapy has not yielded any results, doctors recommend a surgical solution to the problem.
- Corolla inflammation, also known as claw eater. This name of the disease speaks for itself. claw-eater is a nail ulcer, which usually occurs as a result of wounds, trauma or severe bruises. There is also a possibility that ulcerative formation may appear after the spread of inflammatory processes from the adjacent areas of the paws directly to the nail corolla. Reaching a severe stage, this disease leads to purulent inflammation and most often provokes an absolute rejection of the nail plate. The main symptoms of the disease are lameness, the appearance of swelling and swelling, severe pain at the site of inflammation, as well as a local increase in temperature. The skin around the nail plates gradually begins to redden, and in severe cases it even becomes purple. The claws themselves lose their shine, begin to stagger and eventually completely disappear. Treatment of this disease involves such procedures as taking warm disinfectant baths and applying special antiseptic dressings. If the disease has progressed significantly, it is possible to remove the claws and even the phalanges of the animal’s fingers.
- Damage to the crumbs of the paws. Most often, various kinds of bruises, wounds and hints of the soft part of the foot in dogs occur in representatives of service and hunting breeds, since it is these animals that move very often, often in adverse weather conditions. Symptoms of this type of injury can include mild lameness, fear, and increased caution when walking. If you feel the crumbs, the dog begins to whine slightly, since bruises always cause severe pain, moreover, the affected area is always slightly warmer than the healthy one. Even at home, after a clinical examination, pet owners can find wounds or abrasions. In addition, there is the possibility of scalding the paw crumbs. If your dog’s paw hurts, and it has not been in contact with fire, think about whether you bathed your pet in hot water, or alkali or household acid could get on the animal’s skin. Treating bruises, wounds and crumb burns includes resting the dog completely, removing any foreign objects from the damaged area, cleaning and cleaning the wound, and in some cases, surgical treatment.
- Dysplasia of the joints. Most often seen in puppies. This disease is hereditary and does not respond to treatment. Gradually, the dog begins to limp severely, loses the ability to navigate in space and may stop walking altogether. Treatment is mostly symptomatic and is mainly aimed not at recovery, but at prolonging the life of the pet and alleviating its general condition.
- Diseases of the joints. If a dog’s paw hurts, it is worth checking the animal for diseases such as arthritis, discospondylitis, arthrosis, or osteochondrosis. Most often, the above diseases affect the hind limbs. At first, the main symptom of these diseases is lameness. As they progress, they can lead to paw failure and paralysis. Treatment of joint diseases is aimed at prolonging the activity of the animal. In severe cases, treatment is completely useless.
Signs that your dog has a sore paw
Usually, pain in the limbs in a dog is quite easy to identify, since it is characterized by a number of specific signs, including:
- transfer of body weight to three limbs;
- howling and whining on palpation of the paw;
- fear and increased caution when walking.
What to do if your dog has a paw and how to avoid it?
If your pet has a severe paw pain, but during the home examination you did not find any visible damage, for example, splinters or small wounds, you should take the animal to the veterinarian. Pain in the limbs, as a rule, does not require severe treatment, of course, if the necessary measures are taken in time. Even minor damage to the nail plate can lead to very sad consequences, for example, to suppuration or even complete loss of the nail plate. over, there is a possibility that the pain in the paws is a symptom of serious hereditary diseases that are very difficult to treat.
To avoid similar problems in the future, pet owners should take proper care of their pets. To do this, it is necessary to carefully examine the dog’s paws at least once a week, and if the dog is extremely active and often runs on hard and uneven surfaces, it is better to purchase special boots for it. The nail plates, on the other hand, should not be cut off from time to time, but regularly. You also need to keep your pet’s paw pads clean and often clean them of dirt and small foreign bodies. If your dog’s hair grows profusely in the interdigital area, it should be trimmed frequently.
The dog’s paws hurt
(c) Veterinary Center for the Treatment and Rehabilitation of Animals “Zoostatus”.
Many serious pathologies that cause pain in dogs are undetectable on visual inspection. The obvious cause of pain can be injuries, fractures, dislocations, especially when the traumatic episode occurred in front of the owner. Soreness can manifest itself in different ways.
Symptoms of pain in dogs
It is not always easy for even the most attentive owner to determine that a dog is in pain, or where it hurts. This is especially difficult with chronic pathologies, for example, with osteoarthritis, since this problem increases gradually, becomes more pronounced with age, and changes in activity and behavior seem natural.
How to tell if your dog has a sore paw:
- the dog limps, drags its paw, or does not lean on it at all, squeezes;
- when trying to touch a limb, vocalization (barking, growling), the dog may snap, the level of aggression increases;
- the dog’s activity has changed, it has become less playful. especially if it is a puppy or a young dog;
- the dog began to jump less, refuses to go up or down stairs, enter or exit the car;
- the sleeping posture has changed, the dog takes relaxed poses less often, does not lie on its back;
- with severe pain, a decrease in appetite, lethargy may be added.
Why can a dog’s paw hurt?
The causes of possible pain syndrome can be divided into two large groups. orthopedic and neurological. Any injury can lead to pain, but if the damage is not visible, but there is pain, the following diseases can be suspected:
- orthopedic. dysplasia of the hip and elbow joints, osteoarthritis, rupture of the ACL, dislocation of the knee caps (typical for small and decorative breeds), Perthes disease, valgus and varus deformities, alimentary hyperparathyroidism (more often manifested in puppies on an unbalanced diet), and so on; and so on; and so on;
- neurological. intervertebral disc disease (disc herniation, discopathy), wobbler syndrome, spondylosis, wedge-shaped vertebra syndrome, and so on.
The range of possible causes is very wide, treatment can vary significantly, so a thorough diagnosis is necessary. It is recommended to start with an examination by a veterinary surgeon, according to the results, the doctor may also prescribe additional studies. X-ray, MRI, cerebrospinal fluid analysis, and others.
Treatment depending on the cause, timeliness of treatment, characteristics of the dog can be surgical and conservative. The earlier the problem is diagnosed, the faster and easier the treatment will be.
Physiotherapy methods and a rehabilitation program can significantly speed up the recovery process; in some pathologies, they can be an alternative to surgical treatment.
The dog has sore paws. a video with a veterinary rehabilitologist about possible causes:
Fingers are another potentially traumatic area. Not often, but it still happens that during active games, especially those associated with jumping, a dog can severely bruise and even break a finger. The same trouble is likely if the owner accidentally steps on the pet’s front or hind paw, drops a heavy object on it, pinches the limb with a door. in a word, injures the animal through his own negligence. Of course, representatives of small breeds are most at risk of this kind. Yorkshire Terriers, Toy Terriers, Chihuahuas, Pekingese, lapdogs, etc. Large dogs often injure themselves, especially at a young age. As a rule, this happens when the animal falls into a hole or crevice with its paw. In this case, it is the large weight and inertial force that contributes to the dislocation or fracture.
Also, dog owners should be aware that between the fingers of the animal there is an area of delicate skin, on which specific benign tumors are quite often formed. the so-called histocytomas. They are an outgrowth consisting of connective tissue, blood vessels and epidermis. Smooth-haired breeds are most susceptible to this ailment, but it can manifest itself in any dog. In most cases, such neoplasms resolve by themselves after 3-5 weeks, but if the tumor continues to grow, it is removed surgically, and the operation almost never leads to a relapse.
Dog pads are specific soft skin formations that perform a number of important functions:
- cushion the load while walking, including over rough terrain, thereby protecting the entire limb, as well as the skeleton and joints (in humans, this role is assigned to the heels);
- are a kind of “hand brake”, prevent slipping while moving on a slope or smooth surface (front legs);
- due to low thermal conductivity and a unique circulatory system, they allow the animal to easily endure low temperatures, running “barefoot”.
The skin on the paw pads of a dog should fully meet the task, therefore those individuals that live on the street or move a lot on the ground, stones or snow have a rougher, dense, rough and thick surface in these areas. But in decorative animals that spend most of their time in the warmth and move on a smooth floor, carpet and other “sparing” surfaces, this protective mechanism does not start, and that is why the paw pads become the place most prone to injury.
Internal causes of puffiness are a violation of the normal processes of drainage of fluid from tissues due to certain systemic diseases or pathologies. At the same time, it is important to understand that such situations do not always require urgent care and active treatment. For example, if, after a long and tiring walk with an old dog, which has long been leading a calm and sedentary lifestyle, all four legs “suddenly” become swollen, this is not surprising. Such physical activity is simply contraindicated for the animal, he needs to be given a rest and continue to try to avoid such mistakes.
Puffiness can also occur in a pregnant or newly whelping bitch. However, in a healthy and active dog, the paws should not swell. This symptom accompanies many systemic diseases, and therefore requires study and diagnosis. As a rule, swelling of the extremities indicates either an increased pressure in the vessels, or venous hyperemia, or a reduced oncotic blood pressure.
In turn, the listed phenomena occur when:
How To Treat An Infected Paw on a Dog
- functional failure of the right ventricle of the heart;
- inflammation of the blood vessels;
- some acute and chronic diseases of the lower respiratory tract (including pneumonia, pleurisy, etc.);
- venous thrombosis;
- varicose veins;
- neoplasms that compress the veins;
- hormonal disorders;
- heart attack;
- heart failure;
- head injuries;
- infringement of a hernia or hemorrhoids;
- violation of blood clotting;
- chronic kidney disease;
- impaired liver function;
- some pathologies of the digestive system;
- severe burn.
Separately, it is worth mentioning such an internal cause of puffiness as protein deficiency (alimentary starvation). Dogs are predators, and therefore their diet must be high in protein. If this condition is not met, or the animal is simply starving, the negative reaction of the animal’s body manifests itself, including in the form of the appearance of tumors on the paws.
Why can a dog’s paw swell?
First you need to decide on the terminology. Under the word “swell” people often mean a visual increase in the size of one or another organ, ie. this concept can be replaced by the synonym “swell” in the meaning of rounding up, acquiring a bloated shape. In this sense, “swell” and “swelling” are words of the same root, but not equivalent.
Edema is an excessive accumulation of fluid (the so-called transudate) in the subcutaneous fatty tissue, other tissues or organs, which can be caused by various reasons, including completely harmless ones. The composition of the transudate also varies, depending on the nature and location of its accumulation, but basically this liquid substance includes water, mineral salts and cellular elements, sometimes with an admixture of blood and lymph (sweating infiltrate).
Edema is also characterized by rapid formation (it can occur literally before our eyes) and the same rapid disappearance, sometimes to completely restore the appearance of the limb, it is enough to be at rest for a while.
A tumor is a neoplasm that can sometimes dissolve by itself, but this happens quite rarely, it concerns only benign varieties and occurs for a long time. Almost always, a tumor indicates a systemic disorder in the body, genetic failure or other serious pathology.
From the point of view of the internal contents, the tumor is not a liquid, but an overgrown array of cells that can no longer perform their functions normally, and in some cases undergo a qualitative modification. they lose their primary specificity, acquire the ability to multiply and metastize uncontrollably, i.e. spread far beyond the initial lesion (malignant tumors).
The study of tumors on the limbs of a dog is a topic for a separate discussion, therefore, hereinafter, we will focus on edema. As in humans, paw swelling in dogs can affect all limbs or parts of them. The entire array of factors that cause such an effect are usually divided into two large categories. mechanical and internal.
With age, many dogs, like humans, begin to develop various joint diseases.
“Heavyweights” especially often suffer from such pathologies:
- St. Bernards;
- Irish wolfhounds;
- Great Danes;
- Caucasian Shepherd Dogs;
- Bernese Mountain Hounds;
- alabai, etc.
To a large extent, an inexperienced owner can also contribute to problems with the joints of his pet: malnutrition during the period of active growth, as well as forced inactivity (when keeping a large animal in small apartments that are not intended for this) leads to disruptions in the work of the musculoskeletal system, even in quite young individuals.
Joint diseases manifested in edema can be caused, in addition to the reasons listed above:
- viral or bacterial (streptococci, staphylococci, etc.) infections, helminthiasis, parasite infestation;
- congenital pathologies of the musculoskeletal system (the so-called Wobbler syndrome);
- weak immunity;
- breed or hereditary predisposition;
- metabolic disorders in the body;
- diabetes mellitus, obesity;
- vitamin deficiency;
- various autoimmune diseases;
In addition to swelling, joint problems are accompanied by such clinical manifestations as:
- decreased physical activity;
- apathy, depression;
- poor appetite with increased thirst;
- increased body temperature;
Injury and damage
Dogs are playful and active creatures, so injuries are frequent companions of these animals. In turn, one of the most common types of injuries a dog gets while walking (and not only) is a bruise. It is he who is accompanied by a noticeable swelling at the place of slaughter, which is associated with subcutaneous hemorrhage, often resulting from a blow. It is not so difficult to distinguish the traumatic nature of swelling from more serious pathologies, since a characteristic feature of the bruise is its clear localization. the main focus of the problem is located directly in the area of those soft tissues that at the time of the incident were pressed against the bones.
The fact that the animal was injured is evidenced primarily by such a symptom as soreness in the place where edema is observed. It is absolutely painful for the animal to stand on a swollen limb, as a result, the pet either limps noticeably or tries not to move at all. When trying to feel the paw, the dog whines, tries to escape or otherwise informs the owner about the presence of pain.
Auxiliary symptoms of a bruise are:
- the appearance of bruises or bruises on the injured limb;
- pulling up to the stomach or dragging a large paw (the first occurs if one of the front legs is bruised, the second is inherent in the hind legs);
- poor joint mobility (the limb may not bend or not fully extend);
- constant licking of a bruised area by a pet.
With severe slaughter, leading to extensive internal hematomas, a deterioration in general condition is also possible. an increase in body temperature, loss of appetite, lethargy. Another common cause of local edema is the bite of an insect, such as a wasp, bee or hornet, spider, snake or other poisonous creature. Swelling in this case is due to an increase in the permeability of the walls of blood vessels under the influence of certain hormones (histamine, serotonin, bradykinin, prostaglandin, etc.), actively synthesized by the animal’s body in response to a toxic or irritant substance.
In terms of external symptoms (and the nature of the reaction), this situation is very similar to a bruise, but it usually goes away much faster. In addition to the swelling, reddening of the skin may occur around the stung, which usually does not happen with a bruise. In addition, the reaction to a bite in the form of puffiness is of an allergic nature, which means that the animal may have other signs of an autoimmune reaction to an irritant, for example, severe itching, tearing, and coughing. If negative symptoms affect the respiratory or nervous system (shortness of breath or wheezing, heart palpitations, convulsions), this condition requires urgent medical intervention, but, as a rule, bites of “ordinary” insects pass without serious consequences. Finally, an external cause of swelling can be a violation of the outflow of blood, for example, due to the application of too tight a bandage over the bruised area or excessive fixation of the intravenous catheter. After elimination of the squeezing factor, the tumor subsides after a short time.
Puffiness is not a disease, but a symptom, and it can occur for completely different reasons. That is why adequate treatment, if necessary, is always individual. The drugs that are used in this case are divided into several groups. The choice between them, the combination of different drugs, the dosage and other essential treatment conditions are determined exclusively by the veterinarian, based on the diagnosis.
So, with edema, the following can be prescribed:
|Medicines category||Principle of action and indications for use|
|Antibiotics||They are prescribed for the bacterial nature of the development of pathology, for example, with poddermatitis (an inflammatory process that occurs on the pads of the paws and between the fingers).|
|Antiseptics||Can be used when treating the site of a bite or injury if it is associated with a violation of the integrity of the skin.|
|Antihistamines||Blocks the production of histamine released by the body in response to an irritant (allergen). Used for insect or snake bites.|
|Analeptics||Increases the tone of blood vessels, stimulates blood flow, improves ventilation of the lungs, and helps to normalize the functions of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems.|
|Corticosteroids||Regulate protein, carbohydrate, fat and mineral metabolism, have anti-edema and anti-inflammatory effects.|
|Diuretics||Promote the removal of excess fluid from the body without disturbing the salt balance.|
|Analgesics||Prescribed as a pain reliever.|
|Vasodilator drugs||Accelerate blood flow in the lesion, stimulate the recovery process.|
|Chondroprotectors||Normalize the functions of ligaments and joints, activate redox reactions.|
Depending on the causes of the pathology and condition of the dog, the therapeutic course lasts from several days to several months.
During treatment, the dog should be provided with a lax quarantine: limiting the duration of walks; minimal contact with other animals (to avoid conflicts and injuries); warmth, peace, gentle nutrition.
Inflammation on the paws of a dog
Good afternoon! Dog, Cane Corso, 8 years old, Moscow. I noticed several inflammations in different places on different paws. Mainly in the area of the fingers and pads. I noticed that the dog began to periodically lick the pads of its front paws. The pads themselves. not cracked in normal condition. At first I thought he was hurt, but the last two sores. on the upper (outer) side of the front paw and on the back almost at the joint. The inflammations themselves are such a lump, dense, ranging in size from a penny to two rubles, from which the ichor leaks. Some of the inflammations that were from the very beginning, as I noticed (about a week ago), could be cured with Vishnevsky’s ointment. But the latter do not lend themselves. get wet and do not heal. Earlier (about a year or two ago) this was, and not only on the paws, even on the tail. The experience of going to doctors is not the best. was in 3 clinics, Eremin said that it was “inflammation of the hair follicles” and said to smear with levomekol (which, by the way, did not help), other doctors did not say anything specific at all. I accidentally remembered about Vishnevsky’s ointment, and cured all her sores. But such profuse rashes and in different places, as this time. It never happened! Questions: a) what could it be? From what? General weakening of the immune system? Is it worth submitting anything to boost immunity? What would you advise? B) What other options could there be, besides Vishnevsky’s ointment? Now I’m pouring Baneocin so that it is at least not an ointment, and the sore dries up. On walks, I seal it with a plaster with a bandage so that the wound does not get dirty. Although it gets wet from time to time in the current weather. What else can you do about it? For example, I am treating an external wound, but this “ruble” is inside? Am I driving the infection inside? Does he need to drink / puncture antibiotics? c) Who can you go to who deals with this? Considering that the “great” skins from White Fang have an appointment for a month in advance?!
UPD August 27: I will write general recommendations here, because many animals have this, but not every doctor can accurately diagnose it. We went to the doctor. surgeon Chadin in Belanta. Very attentive and friendly doctor, explains a lot to the owner. He said it was. Poddermatitis. Molossians. Cane Corso, Mastiffs, Bordeaux and other large dogs are common. Most likely autoimmune, with the addition of infection. It often happens that exacerbations in spring and autumn, in damp weather. Treatment: the main thing is to keep the paws dry. Therefore, in rainy weather, wear something waterproof on sore paws. He made us a bandage (very thick) from a bandage, and on top. two rubber gloves with your fingers inside. It is also good to use household gloves. they are thicker. You can also have a sock on top so that the rubber does not rub off on the asphalt. Such is the “rubber boot” for the dog 🙂 This. just for a walk, so that the paw inside is dry. Leave only a bandage at home. Treat with chlorhexidine. Wash your paws after a walk, it would be good with tar soap. it dries out (during exacerbations, not all life). It is good to use trays with weak potassium permanganate. 5 minutes for each paw. The main thing: he made us “blockades” for big shots. So if the inflammation is severe. you still have to go to the doctor for these injections. the lump itself is injected with an insulin syringe, there is an antibiotic and something hormonal. I was very glad that there was no need to cut anything. Ointment, he said that when such a lump opened up. no need, just treatment with chlorhexidine. If the lump has not yet opened, ointment. hormonal with an antibiotic. I don’t know if the title can be written here. who needs it, write in a personal. He also prescribed an antibiotic and a hormonal drug to drink. So it’s all the same for appointments. see a doctor. We have such a massive attack, because this is already a relapse, and there are several sores on all paws.
Internal pathological processes
If no injuries were noticed, they look for problems related to the health of the animal.
Swelling on the paws may indicate the development of diseases:
- articular hygroma (accumulation of fluid at the bend of the paw);
- tumor neoplasms (malignant and benign);
- vitamin deficiency. in dogs of large breeds causes an increase in the joints (edema);
- kidney or liver disease, when lymph drainage slows down, which leads to the formation of swelling;
- joint pathologies. the animal has difficulty flexing its paw with an enlarged deformed joint;
- pododermatitis. the pads of the fingers and the spaces between them swell.
The veterinarian can determine the exact cause of the swelling in the clinic. It is important not to postpone the examination, to pass it in the early stages.
The cause of the injury is the fall of the animal from a great height or heavy objects on its limbs. Consequences. soft tissue edema. They swell, bruise, and tenderness.
If the injury is not serious (the skin is damaged), the animal is treated at home. Provide him with complete rest, apply cold to the sore spot.
For serious injuries that involve muscle and subcutaneous tissue, the veterinarian will treat.
Insect bites, snakes
The warm season is dangerous for the dog with an abundance of stinging insects and reptiles. If the pad is reddened and swollen, this damage is suspected.
The wound is treated with an antiseptic, the sting of the insect is removed, and covered with a bandage. To avoid complications, the animal is given any antihistamine.
Tumors on the pads
Paw pads in dogs are the most vulnerable place. In the process of a daily walk, the animal may be injured.
After a complete examination, the veterinarian determines the exact cause of the joint enlargement.
Treatment is carried out in accordance with the diagnosis.