Causes and types
In essence, a dislocation is a displacement of the articular heads of the bones relative to each other, and stretching is a partial damage to the ligaments surrounding the joint with micro fractures of individual fibers. There are 2 main groups of factors that provoke stretching or dislocation of a dog’s paws:
- traumatic. associated with injuries as a result of falling from a great height, traffic accident, active games or injury during childbirth;
- congenital. caused by pathologies of intrauterine development of the fetus during pregnancy.
In addition, according to the etiology, dislocations of the limbs are divided into the following types:
- paralytic. caused by atrophy of the muscles that support the joint.
- pathological. is a consequence of diseases of the musculoskeletal system;
- “Usual”. once the stretched ligaments are not able to fully support the joint and at the slightest increase in the load, a repeated dislocation occurs.
Sprains can be light to moderate. Severe is already a rupture of the ligaments, which is usually accompanied by a dislocation and stands out as a separate type of injury.
If we talk about the pathogenesis, then the dislocation or stretching of the front paw in the dog, as a rule, has a traumatic origin, and the violation of the integrity of the hip joint is most often caused by internal pathological changes. In addition, such violations of the anatomical geometry and integrity of the ligamentous apparatus can occur for a variety of reasons on any joint of each limb.
When a dog has symptoms of dislocation, you should not panic, since the injury, although serious, is not life-threatening for the pet with timely and proper treatment. The main thing is to competently provide first aid and immediately call a veterinarian or deliver the animal to the clinic.
First of all, you need to put on a muzzle on your pet, since any dog with painful shock can become aggressive and unpredictable. Then the sequence of actions should be as follows:
- gently lay the pet with the damaged joint up and inspect for tissue ruptures;
- do not allow him to walk, and if necessary, move him on a stretcher or blanket;
- fix the joint with an elastic bandage, ideally. with the imposition of a soft splint with fastening above and below the joint;
- wrap the injured area with a film, then a cloth and apply cold.
You cannot correct the dislocation of the dog’s paws on your own! Improper actions can cause significant harm and cause severe pain to the animal, especially if the injury is accompanied by rupture of ligaments and internal bleeding.
Before contacting a veterinarian, it is necessary to monitor the temperature of the limb with a fixation bandage. If she gets cold, then the bandage should be loosened.
In case of severe pain syndrome, in which the animal whines or howls, it is recommended to inject an anesthetic drug. For this, such traditional “human” analgesics as Ketanov, Baralgin or Analgin are suitable. If a pet has an allergy to such drugs, only zoological preparations, in particular Travmatin, can be injected.
Dislocated or stretched paws in a dog: symptoms and treatment
The most common consequence of limb injuries or excessive load on the ligamentous apparatus is dislocation or stretching of the dog’s front paw (shoulder), hip or knee joint. These pathologies are closely interconnected, since one is almost always accompanied or entailed by the other. At the same time, there are significant differences between dislocation and sprain, both in the degree of joint damage and the severity of symptoms, and in the complexity of treatment.
The first symptoms of a dislocated paw in a dog are lameness or unnatural posture. Other signs depend on the location of the damage:
- when the pet cannot stand up normally and has difficulty lying down, this indicates a stretching or dislocation of the dog’s hind paw;
- with hip extension, the animal’s paw is tucked in, but is in a natural position, and when this joint is dislocated, the tucked paw “falls” inward and it is also difficult for the animal to rise after prolonged lying;
- with a medial dislocation of the patella, the joint shifts inward or outward and swells, the animal moves the limb with difficulty and tries to direct it inward;
- dislocation of the shoulder is expressed by the displacement of the scapula and lameness, while the pet collapses when walking, so it is difficult to understand which paw hurts;
- when stretching or dislocating the front paw in a dog, the symptoms of lameness are supplemented by a “greedy” gait with tightening of the affected limb.
Each touch of a dislocated joint causes severe pain. This can cause the dog to show aggression, growl, whine and try to run away.
Diagnostics and treatment
Before treating a dislocated paw or a sprain in a dog, the veterinarian conducts an examination and, if necessary, prescribes an X-ray examination. In some cases, you may need to undergo an MRI.
For mild to moderate sprains, treatment can be done at home:
- on the second day. warming compresses are applied;
- on the third, they perform a light massage, continue warming wraps and apply paraffin applications;
- on the fourth and further. they begin to rub in external preparations with troxevasin.
Any dislocations are treated exclusively by a veterinarian. In this case, the easiest way to treat is an uncomplicated dislocation of the front paw in a dog: the damaged joint is adjusted, and then fixed with a bandage or splints. If necessary, an open reduction method can be used, in which neoplasms resulting from damage are surgically removed from the articular cavity. In any case, even the simplest treatment for medial dislocation of the patella in a dog is performed under general anesthesia.
In case of hip dislocation, from the moment of which no more than 5 days have passed, the joint is also adjusted and fixed. If such a procedure does not give proper results or dislocation is more than 5 days, surgical intervention is required to install special fixators or remove the femoral head.
Treatment for a dislocated shoulder joint in a dog depends on the degree of instability and damage to the articular joint. Minor injuries require medication and physical therapy. For severe injury, a capsule or artificial ligament is usually sutured.
In the absence of proper treatment, which should begin immediately after the injury, scar tissue forms in the joint area, which does not allow the joint to be adjusted and requires more serious and expensive treatment. Any wrong action can lead to lifelong lameness in a dog with chronic pain.
Possible Reasons Your Dog Has Paw Soreness
Contrary to popular belief, the causes of pain in the limbs in dogs are many, and they are very diverse. Their list includes various diseases, which, in turn, are caused by certain factors. Dog owners who are concerned about their pet’s paws should review it carefully to better understand the situation and possibly avoid it.
So, the list of factors and diseases that can cause pain in the paws in a dog includes:
- Inflammatory processes in the digital area. Most often, they are caused by exactly the same reasons as ordinary bruises, mechanical damage to the skin and inflammation of the soft part of the foot. Most often, this kind of process progresses in animals, one of the features of which is an elongated restraint or noticeably spaced front and hind legs (the so-called open limbs). Also, a similar problem can occur in dogs that do not have a natural predisposition to this. A catalyzing factor in such cases is long walks on hard and uneven surfaces, paved sidewalks, as well as when standing on the ground for a long time in cold or rainy weather.
- Aseptic inflammation, usually progressing between the dog’s toes, can also cause severe pain. However, if no infectious agents enter the body at the same time, this problem goes away quickly and by itself. However, otherwise, the animal may develop purulent processes, ulcerative wounds or eczema. If this kind of inflammation has progressed too seriously, the veterinarian will usually use methods used to treat inflammation throughout the body (prescribing anti-inflammatory drugs). If the dog is actively licking the interdigital zone, the owners of the animal should treat this part of the body with aloe. Since the dog needs to walk in any case, the doctor puts a protective bandage on the affected area.
- Ingrown claws. This problem most often occurs in decorative dog breeds, as well as in animals that have little movement. They can grow so-called “spur claws”, which, growing back, bend to the inner side and grow into the paw pads, which, in turn, causes severe inflammation, and subsequently suppuration of the pet’s paw. If a dog’s paw hurts, it is worth checking it for ingrown claws, and if they are found, take the animal to an appointment with a veterinarian who will eliminate the ingrowth with surgical forceps.
- Cracked or broken claws. Usually, such problems arise after mechanical damage to the limbs, which were not noticed in time and provoked suppuration and falling off of the claws. This can happen if the animal is caught on an object. As a rule, in such cases, the dog begins to noticeably limp, and touching the paw causes pain. To avoid complete loss of claws and improve the general condition of the animal, the paw must be thoroughly washed, held in a special softening bath, treated with antiseptics, then dried with cotton wool or bandages. Next, the limb is sprinkled with antimicrobial powder, and a protective bandage is applied. If the nail is not broken off, but only cracked, you can smear them with regular or hypoxy resin. It can help preserve the animal’s claws.
- Elbow hygroma. This disease is characterized by the accumulation of fluid in the elbow joint. The disease is most common in large dogs such as Great Danes and Greyhounds. Their structure is such that the elbow often rests on the surface, which means that the mucous bag of the elbow is often subjected to pressure and gradually injured, as a result of which there is a significant increase in size and accumulation of serous fluid (if the disease has acquired a chronic course). In some cases, the fluid becomes hemorrhagic or serofibrinous. If the mucous bag is inflamed, it becomes visible and reaches the size of an egg. But even so, it does not provoke lameness. Treatment of the elbow hygroma involves removing the swelling with a syringe. Further, special astringent solutions are injected into the cavity (iodine solution can be used for the procedure). In the future, the inflamed area is daily treated with alcoholic iodine tincture. If the dog has a relapse, the treatment is repeated exactly. If therapy has not yielded any results, doctors recommend a surgical solution to the problem.
- Corolla inflammation, also known as claw eater. This name of the disease speaks for itself. claw-eater is a nail ulcer, which usually occurs as a result of wounds, trauma or severe bruises. There is also a possibility that ulcerative formation may appear after the spread of inflammatory processes from the adjacent areas of the paws directly to the nail corolla. Reaching a severe stage, this disease leads to purulent inflammation and most often provokes an absolute rejection of the nail plate. The main symptoms of the disease are lameness, the appearance of swelling and swelling, severe pain at the site of inflammation, as well as a local increase in temperature. The skin around the nail plates gradually begins to redden, and in severe cases it even becomes purple. The claws themselves lose their shine, begin to stagger and eventually completely disappear. Treatment of this disease involves procedures such as the adoption of warm disinfectant baths and the imposition of special antiseptic dressings. If the disease has progressed significantly, it is possible to remove the claws and even phalanges of the animal’s fingers.
- Damage to the crumbs of the paws. Most often, various kinds of bruises, wounds and hints of the soft part of the foot in dogs occur in representatives of service and hunting breeds, since it is these animals that move very often, often in adverse weather conditions. Symptoms of this type of injury can include mild lameness, fear, and increased caution when walking. If you feel the crumbs, the dog begins to whine slightly, since bruises always cause severe pain, moreover, the affected area is always slightly warmer than the healthy one. Even at home, after a clinical examination, pet owners can find wounds or abrasions. In addition, there is the possibility of scalding the paw crumbs. If your dog’s paw hurts, and it has not been in contact with fire, think about whether you bathed your pet in hot water, or alkali or household acid could get on the animal’s skin. Treating bruises, wounds and crumb burns includes resting the dog completely, removing any foreign objects from the damaged area, cleaning and cleaning the wound, and in some cases, surgical treatment.
- Dysplasia of the joints. Most often seen in puppies. This disease is hereditary and does not respond to treatment. Gradually, the dog begins to limp strongly, loses the ability to navigate in space and may stop walking altogether. Treatment is mostly symptomatic and is mainly aimed not at recovery, but at prolonging the life of the pet and alleviating its general condition.
- Diseases of the joints. If a dog’s paw hurts, it is worth checking the animal for diseases such as arthritis, discospondylitis, arthrosis, or osteochondrosis. Most often, the above diseases affect the hind limbs. At first, the main symptom of these diseases is lameness. As they progress, they can lead to paw failure and paralysis. Treatment of joint diseases is aimed at prolonging the activity of the animal. In severe cases, treatment is completely useless.
Signs that your dog has a sore paw
Usually, pain in the limbs in a dog is quite easy to identify, since it is characterized by a number of specific features, including:
- transfer of body weight to three limbs;
- howling and whining on palpation of the paw;
- fear and increased caution when walking.
The dog has a sore paw
Dogs are very active animals, and quite often suffer from various kinds of trauma and mechanical damage. This usually leads to pain in the hind and forelimbs, because they are at the greatest risk. Usually such problems do not scare the owners of animals too much, because there is a proverb “heals like on a dog” for good reason. However, although there is some truth in this, most owners do not know how extensive the list of causes can cause pain when walking and how difficult the treatment of some of them can be. That is why, if a dog’s paw hurts, you should carefully read all possible factors that can provoke this symptom and seek qualified help from a veterinarian.
What to do if your dog has a paw and how to avoid it?
If your pet has a severe paw pain, but during the home examination you did not find any visible damage, for example, splinters or small wounds, you should take the animal to the veterinarian. Pain in the limbs, as a rule, does not require severe treatment, of course, if the necessary measures are taken in time. Even minor damage to the nail plate can lead to very sad consequences, for example, to suppuration or even complete loss of the nail plate. over, there is a possibility that the pain in the paws is a symptom of serious hereditary diseases that are very difficult to treat.
To avoid similar problems in the future, pet owners should take proper care of their pets. To do this, it is necessary to carefully examine the dog’s paws at least once a week, and if the dog is extremely active and often runs on hard and uneven surfaces, it is better to purchase special boots for it. The nail plates, on the other hand, should not be cut from time to time, but regularly. You also need to keep your pet’s paw pads clean and often clean them of dirt and small foreign bodies. If your dog’s hair grows profusely in the interdigital area, it should be trimmed frequently.
Puffiness is not a disease, but a symptom, and it can occur for completely different reasons. That is why adequate treatment, if necessary, is always individual. The drugs that are used in this case are divided into several groups. The choice between them, the combination of different drugs, dosage and other essential treatment conditions are determined exclusively by the veterinarian, based on the diagnosis.
So, with edema, the following can be prescribed:
|Medicines category||Principle of action and indications for use|
|Antibiotics||They are prescribed for the bacterial nature of the development of pathology, for example, with poddermatitis (an inflammatory process that occurs on the pads of the paws and between the fingers).|
|Antiseptics||Can be used when treating the site of a bite or injury if it is associated with a violation of the integrity of the skin.|
|Antihistamines||Blocks the production of histamine released by the body in response to an irritant (allergen). Used for insect or snake bites.|
|Analeptics||Increase the tone of blood vessels, stimulate blood flow, improve ventilation of the lungs, help to normalize the functions of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems.|
|Corticosteroids||Regulate protein, carbohydrate, fat and mineral metabolism, have anti-edema and anti-inflammatory effects.|
|Diuretics||Promote the removal of excess fluid from the body without disturbing the salt balance.|
|Analgesics||Prescribed as a pain reliever.|
|Vasodilator drugs||Accelerate blood flow in the lesion, stimulate the recovery process.|
|Chondroprotectors||Normalize the functions of ligaments and joints, activate redox reactions.|
Depending on the causes of the pathology and condition of the dog, the therapeutic course lasts from several days to several months.
During treatment, the dog should be provided with a lax quarantine: limiting the duration of walks; minimal contact with other animals (to avoid conflicts and injuries); warmth, peace, gentle nutrition.
Fingers are another potentially traumatic area. Not often, but it still happens that during active games, especially those associated with jumping, a dog can severely bruise and even break a finger. The same trouble is likely if the owner accidentally steps the pet on the front or hind paw, drops a heavy object on it, pinches the limb with a door. in a word, injures the animal through his own negligence. Of course, representatives of small breeds are most at risk of this kind. Yorkshire Terriers, Toy Terriers, Chihuahuas, Pekingese, lapdogs, etc. Large dogs often injure themselves, especially at a young age. Typically, this happens when an animal is pawed into a hole or crevice. In this case, it is the large weight and inertial force that contributes to the dislocation or fracture.
Also, dog owners should be aware that between the fingers of the animal there is an area of delicate skin, on which specific benign tumors are quite often formed. the so-called histocytomas. They are an outgrowth consisting of connective tissue, blood vessels and epidermis. Smooth-haired breeds are most susceptible to this ailment, but it can manifest itself in any dog. In most cases, such neoplasms resolve on their own after 3-5 weeks, but if the tumor continues to grow, it is removed surgically, and the operation almost never leads to a relapse.
The dog has an inflamed paw what to do
Why the dog’s paw is swollen and what needs to be done
Any health problems of a pet are of concern to its owner. And despite the fact that pathologies of the musculoskeletal system are traditionally easier to diagnose by veterinarians than diseases of internal organs, and fatal medical errors in such cases occur much less often, a noticeable edema of the limb, and even more so the appearance of a tumor on it, can not only cause serious inconvenience to the animal and painful sensations, but also be a rather alarming symptom that requires careful examination and systemic treatment. About what causes swelling of the paw in a dog can occur, what should be done, when it is necessary to seek medical help and what it can be. further in all the details and details.
First aid measures for swelling are always symptomatic. Regardless of the cause that led to the onset of the symptom, it is important to immediately try to cause the outflow of the transudate from the affected area. The easiest way to do this is simply by applying cold to the place of the edema. a piece of ice wrapped in a dry towel or any object removed from the refrigerator (freezer).
Further actions depend on the likely nature of the appearance of edema. For example, if a dog is bitten by a bee, the wound should be examined and the sting carefully removed. This should be done with a flat solid object, such as a plastic card, but never with tweezers, a knife or a drawing pen. If the swelling is caused by a bruise, a tight bandage can be applied to the affected area, but this must be done with extreme caution so as not to cross the veins and create problems with blood flow.
Dog pads are specific soft skin formations that perform a number of important functions:
- cushion the load while walking, including over rough terrain, thereby protecting the entire limb, as well as the skeleton and joints (in humans, this role is assigned to the heels);
- are a kind of “hand brake”, prevent slipping while moving on a slope or smooth surface (front legs);
- due to low thermal conductivity and a unique circulatory system, they allow the animal to easily endure low temperatures, running “barefoot”.
The skin on the paw pads of a dog should fully meet the task, therefore those individuals that live on the street or move a lot on the ground, stones or snow have a rougher, dense, rough and thick surface in these areas. But in decorative animals that spend most of their time in warmth and move on a smooth floor, carpet and other “gentle” surfaces, this protective mechanism does not start, and that is why the paw pads become the place most prone to injury.
Injury and damage
Dogs are playful and active creatures, so injuries are frequent companions of these animals. In turn, one of the most common types of injuries a dog gets while walking (and not only) is a bruise. It is he who is accompanied by a noticeable swelling at the place of slaughter, which is associated with subcutaneous hemorrhage, often resulting from a blow. It is not so difficult to distinguish the traumatic nature of swelling from more serious pathologies, since a characteristic feature of the bruise is its clear localization. the main focus of the problem is located directly in the area of those soft tissues that at the time of the incident were pressed against the bones.
The fact that the animal was injured is evidenced primarily by such a symptom as soreness in the place where edema is observed. It is absolutely painful for the animal to stand on a swollen limb, as a result, the pet either limps noticeably or tries not to move at all. When trying to feel the paw, the dog whines, tries to escape or otherwise informs the owner about the presence of pain.
Auxiliary symptoms of a bruise are:
- the appearance of bruises or bruises on the injured limb;
- pulling up to the stomach or dragging a large paw (the first occurs if one of the front legs is bruised, the second is inherent in the hind legs);
- poor joint mobility (the limb may not bend or fully unbend);
- constant licking of a bruised area by a pet.
With severe slaughter, leading to extensive internal hematomas, a deterioration in general condition is also possible. an increase in body temperature, loss of appetite, lethargy. Another common cause of local swelling is the bite of an insect, for example, a wasp, bee or hornet, a spider, a snake or other poisonous creature. Swelling in this case is due to an increase in the permeability of the walls of blood vessels under the influence of certain hormones (histamine, serotonin, bradykinin, prostaglandin, etc.), actively synthesized by the animal’s body in response to a toxic or irritant substance.
In terms of external symptoms (and the nature of the reaction), this situation is very similar to a bruise, but it usually goes away much faster. In addition to the swelling, reddening of the skin may occur around the stung, which usually does not happen with a bruise. In addition, the reaction to a bite in the form of puffiness is of an allergic nature, which means that the animal may have other signs of an autoimmune reaction to an irritant, for example, severe itching, tearing, and coughing. If negative symptoms affect the respiratory or nervous system (shortness of breath or wheezing, heart palpitations, convulsions), this condition requires urgent medical intervention, but, as a rule, the bites of “ordinary” insects pass without serious consequences. Finally, an external cause of swelling can be a violation of the outflow of blood, for example, due to the application of too tight a bandage over the bruised area or excessive fixation of the intravenous catheter. After elimination of the squeezing factor, the tumor subsides after a short time.
With age, many dogs, like humans, begin to develop various joint diseases.
“Heavyweights” especially often suffer from such pathologies:
- St. Bernards;
- Irish wolfhounds;
- Great Danes;
- Caucasian Shepherd Dogs;
- Bernese Mountain Hounds;
- alabai, etc.
To a large extent, an inexperienced owner can also contribute to problems with the joints of his pet: improper nutrition during the period of active growth, as well as forced inactivity (when keeping a large animal in small apartments that are not intended for this) leads to disruptions in the work of the musculoskeletal system, even in quite young individuals.
Joint diseases manifested in edema can be caused, in addition to the reasons listed above:
8 Common Dog Paw Problems that you must NOT IGNORE | How to care for your dog’s Paws?
- viral or bacterial (streptococci, staphylococci, etc.) infections, helminthiasis, parasite infestation;
- congenital pathologies of the musculoskeletal system (the so-called Wobbler syndrome);
- weak immunity;
- breed or hereditary predisposition;
- metabolic disorders in the body;
- diabetes mellitus, obesity;
- vitamin deficiency;
- various autoimmune diseases;
In addition to swelling, joint problems are accompanied by such clinical manifestations as:
- decreased physical activity;
- apathy, depression;
- poor appetite with increased thirst;
- increased body temperature;
What to do if your dog’s paw is swollen
Contrary to the common, but rarely implemented recommendation, it is not always necessary to rush to the veterinary clinic, barely discovering signs of swelling on the paw of your pet. Quite often, an attentive and experienced owner can provide a four-legged friend with more adequate and competent help than a specialist who does not understand the causes of the problem.
How do symptoms appear?
For pododermatitis, the following features of inflammation on the paws are characteristic:
- wounds on the pads of the fingers or between them;
- red or pink vesicles filled with blood;
- redness of the skin;
- swelling of the fingers or joint;
- the inflamed area may itch in some cases but not in others.
The pet is limping and tries to protect its paw when walking. The disease can affect not only the skin, but also the claws, interdigital folds, the surface of the metacarpus and metatarsus. They swell, and in the later stages of the development of the disease they fester.
Exactly how the paw swells is a secondary symptom that influences the diagnosis. So, any paw can be injured with a foreign object. But an allergic reaction is more common in the front than in the back.
How to treat with a bacterial form
Often fungal infections cause pododermatitis in dogs.
- yeast of the genus Malassezia (malassezionny dermatitis);
- dermatophytes (dermatophytosis);
- various bacteria (interdigital pyoderma).
Yeast is always present on the skin. But if the immune system weakens, they begin to develop more actively. The disease manifests itself as itching, alopecia, peeling, swelling and the smell of rotten fish. Malassezia fungi affect not only the skin but also the nails. They also change the color of the coat. in light breeds, it becomes much darker in the affected area.
The medicine for malassezionny dermatitis is prescribed for life. The paws should be washed with shampoos with “azoles” (“Miconazole”, “Clotrimazole”, “Triclosan”). Treatment. “Ketonazole” 5-10 mg / kg 1-2 times a day for 3 weeks.
Dermatophytosis manifests itself not only on the paws, but also on the face. These are keratinized, thickened areas of the skin on which hair has fallen out. The claws are not affected with this disease. Treatment will be prescribed in a comprehensive manner and accompanied by disinfection of the premises, bedding, aviary.
Interdigital pyoderma is accompanied by cysts in the interdigital spaces, swelling, ulcers, and deformation of the pads. The wounds look like suppuration when a foreign body enters. They get wet and very painful. Treatment will consist of a long course of antibiotics. In some cases, surgery will be required to remove interdigital cysts.
- “Amoxicillin”. 22 mg / kg 2 times a day;
- Clindamycin. 11 mg / kg once a day;
- “Cephalexin”. 22 mg / kg 2 times a day.
The Demodex mite is not only a parasite on the skin, but can also cause pododermatitis in dogs. It is believed that mites are constantly present on the skin in small quantities.
But with a weakening of the immune system, they begin to multiply actively, which leads to:
- hair loss;
- constant itching;
- bleeding wounds.
Mites live in hair follicles. When one hair follicle is eaten, the parasite gnaws at itself a path in the skin to the next, giving the dog a lot of unpleasant sensations. The tunnels made by the mites become colonized by bacteria and inflammation develops. Demodex Canis treatment includes several drugs and is prescribed by your veterinarian.
- a drug for ticks. “Ivermectin” 1% in a dosage of 0.1 ml per 5 kg of animal weight, once, intramuscularly;
- antiseptic for treating the wound surface. “Ichthyol ointment” is applied to the skin every 8 hours;
- immunomodulator. “Immunofan”, “Hemobalance” or “Fosprenil”;
- to reduce the burden on the kidneys. “Hepatovet”, “Karsil”.
An antibiotic may also be prescribed if there is a bacterial infection.
Treatment of pododermatitis at home
Treatment for pododermatitis varies depending on the underlying cause:
- parasitic infestations are treated with antiparasitic shampoos, tablets, injections;
- infectious ones require long-term use of antibiotics or antifungal drugs;
- foreign bodies from the paws are removed by minor surgical treatment;
- hormonal diseases will require a long, possibly lifelong course of hormonal drugs;
- allergic pathologies are treated by eliminating the allergen.
Conformational pododermatitis is the most difficult to cure, since the defect is due to the shape of the patient’s caudate foot. In all cases, along with the main treatment course, you will need to observe foot hygiene and avoid walking on rough terrain.
The dog has an inflamed paw what to do
Symptoms and treatment of pododermatitis in dogs
If the dog actively licks swollen paws with wounds and bloody blisters, then most likely it is pododermatitis. This inflammatory process affects the tissues of the paws. interdigital folds, fingers, skin between the pads. Untreated inflammation can lead to lameness. How dangerous is pododermatitis in dogs, what are its causes and how to choose the right treatment. more on this later in the review.
Foreign bodies penetrate the skin of the paws when the pet runs around the site. The body tries to destroy such an object by attacking it. This is how the inflammatory process begins, followed by suppuration, if the thorn was not immediately removed. The damaged finger swells, the pet tries to reduce the discomfort and begins to gnaw it.
It is possible that he will remove the object himself, but he can infect the wound with a tooth infection. Don’t wait for this to happen and just help him get rid of the problem. If the surface of the skin is burned, then it is washed with water. And then they use anti-inflammatory antibacterial ointments. “Tetracycline” or “Ichthyol”.
Causes of pododermatitis in dogs
Pododermatitis (or pyoderma) is an inflammatory process on a pet’s paws. Pathology is considered difficult for medical diagnosis. In fact, this is not a separate disease, like a cold, but a symptom of a number of diseases, like a high fever or a runny nose. In order to properly prescribe treatment, the doctor must accurately determine which tissues are affected and what exactly.
There are many reasons for the occurrence of pathology:
To understand how to avoid an illness or choose a method of treatment if it appears, you need to get acquainted with the reasons in more detail. After all, you need to eliminate the underlying disease, and only then will its manifestations disappear.
It is common in dogs to have deep paw infections caused by bacteria or fungi. Inside, they enter through the wound surface resulting from a cut with a sharp object.
This causes inflammation and is accompanied by:
- an increase in temperature;
To avoid such a development of events, the paws after a walk should be washed and examined for damage. Take a special foot washer for washing. This is a glass with polymer bristles on the inner surface. Fill with detergent and water, dip your paw into it and rotate the glass. The result is well-cleaned feet.
How To Treat An Infected Paw on a Dog
If you notice a wound, then it needs to be treated with an antiseptic. Choose Chlorhexidine, Mirastimine, Percutane or hydrogen peroxide. all of them are designed to disinfect the wound surface. Apply the product to a cotton pad and wipe the damaged area. To stop the inflammatory infectious process, antibiotics are used. Lubricate the paw with Ichthyol ointment or Levomekol. Do this at least 3 times a day until the symptoms of the problem disappear.
Causes of injury
There can be many reasons for injury in such a mobile animal as a dog:
- Unsuccessful jump landing.
- Bite from another animal or insect.
However, an edema on the paw can also be due to the development of any disease in an animal that is not associated with an external effect on the body:
- Increased pressure in blood vessels.
- Impaired liver function.
- Violation of blood outflow.
- Ingrown claws.
If a bump has formed on the paw, and it does not go away within a few days, you should contact your veterinarian as soon as possible. Such formations can be a sign of cancer in dogs. Also, fluid can accumulate in the elbow joint, which leads to a disease such as hygroma. This disease is more common in large breeds of dogs.
The dog has a swollen paw (front or back): reasons and what to do
Unfortunately, it happens that our beloved pets get sick. But do not panic, but immediately contact an experienced veterinarian. Take a dog, for example. This is a very mobile pet that does not want to sit still all the time, but will play, jump, run. And so it may happen that his paw is suddenly swollen.
It doesn’t matter which one, front or back, the main thing is to carefully examine the animal and, until the veterinarian has examined the sore spot, it is better to try to immobilize the paw. If everything is left as it is and does not seek medical attention, the consequences can be very, very sad.
Signs of injury
As a rule, when a dog begins to feel pain in the hind or front limb, it begins to limp or hold its paw. Your pet’s mood deteriorates noticeably due to pain syndrome and the inability to have fun while playing. The dog may often lick the injured area or scratch it with his nose. This behavior should alert you. If your pet has a dislocated front paw, the gait is unnatural.
The dog crouches with every step as if falling. If the hind paw is dislocated, then the animal most often cannot rise to its feet on its own and constantly whines. With a hip dislocation, the pet’s foot is pressed inward, that is, it collapses.
First of all, it is necessary to carefully examine the dog’s paw, while not causing even more pain and inconvenience to the animal. Examine your fingers and joints. If there is even a barely perceptible crunch, then the dog may have a fracture. It is necessary to fix the paw in a motionless state and urgently take the pet for examination and the provision of professional medical care to the veterinarian.
If the swollen foot is the result of a cut, then it is urgent to disinfect it with hydrogen peroxide or a weak solution of potassium permanganate. It is better not to moisten cotton wool, as it can leave small villi at the edges or in the wound itself, but with a small piece of cloth. If there are foreign objects in the cut, such as glass, dust or something else, you should try to remove it carefully before disinfection. After the work done, the edges of the wound must be lubricated with iodine solution.
The main thing to remember is that in no case should iodine or brilliant green be poured into the inside of the wound itself, as this can provoke a burn. Lubricate the bandage with Levomekol ointment and apply it to the cut area. You should carefully monitor the bandage so that it does not pinch the veins and blood vessels of the dog, as swelling may occur. Make sure that your pet does not lick the sore spot, and when walking in the fresh air, wrap the wound with a sock or cellophane to prevent infection or other foreign objects from getting there.
If a limb is bruised, then you must act according to the following algorithm:
- On the day of injury, a 30-minute cold compress is applied. It should be repeated every three hours.
- For the next couple of days, apply warm salt in a sock or bag. It will act as a heating pad. Better yet, warm the bruised place with a lamp.
If stretching occurs, an elastic bandage should be used. In case of any injury that caused a swelling of the paw, it is imperative to abandon games, and provide the animal with peace until the limbs heal.
In order not to face such an unpleasant and painful event as a swelling of the paws of a dog, you should properly care for your pet, feed only special food that suits your pet, if possible, put on socks on the paws for walking in winter to reduce the effects of chemical substances that are sprinkled on roads in winter.
Joints in dogs are enlarged with the following conditions:
- purulent arthritis;
- hip dysplasia.
The exact diagnosis is established by a specialist.
This is a benign tumor of the connective tissue. Most often it develops in Cocker Spaniels, Bull Terriers, Dachshunds, Boxers, Terriers, Great Danes, Retrievers.
The disease manifests itself as a small red ball on the paw, back, ears, or head. The neoplasm causes itching, the animal scratches it.
Swelling of the joint
Joint swelling in dogs provokes developing diseases. They are hereditary and acquired.
With arthrosis, the dog begins to limp, the joint becomes deformed, and pain develops.
With purulent arthritis, the temperature rises significantly, fever develops, and appetite decreases.
Hemarthrosis is accompanied by an increase in temperature, increased heart rate and respiration, the anatomical contours of the joint are smoothed.
Dysplasia is a disease of service dogs. Lameness, joint pain, upward displacement of the femoral head appears.
Prevention of tumors
To avoid damage, the dog’s diet is enriched with calcium, the animal is walked in safe places where there is no debris and broken glass.
First aid: when you need to immediately contact the veterinarian
If after injury the animal’s skin is damaged only, this place is treated with an antiseptic, a bandage, ice or ointment for edema is applied, depending on the type of injury.
If, after an injury, damage to the skin, muscles, tendons, joints or bone tissue is observed, the animal is in shock, and does not self-medicate.
After a complete examination, the veterinarian determines the exact cause of the joint enlargement.
Treatment is carried out in accordance with the diagnosis.
A dog’s back or front paw swells for several reasons. They are conventionally divided into 2 groups.