Feeding after childbirth
The answer to the question depends on whether the bitch ate the placenta or not. The afterbirth contains vitamins, hormones, iron, oxygen and proteins that are useful for the dog. Together, this helps her to recover. In addition, nature has established that the bitch eat the afterbirth, hiding the smell of blood and protecting the puppies.
For domestic dogs, this is not necessary, but instinct remains. And therefore, the correct feeding of the dog after childbirth will be as follows:
- if “mommy” has eaten the afterbirths, and they are very nutritious, it is no longer necessary to feed her. within 5 or 6 hours she will not feel hunger;
- if the afterbirths were not eaten, then it is necessary to offer a sweet drink, the same tea with a spoonful of sugar, and you can feed it in an hour or two.
Do not allow the dog to eat more than 2 or 3 sequential, otherwise it will start diarrhea.
What to do if refuses to eat?
If the animal does not eat immediately after giving birth, there are three reasons for this: fatigue, anxiety and afterbirth. What to do?
When labor is difficult, the dog can get very tired. In this case, she will not eat. And force-feeding is not worth it. You can offer to drink and wait an hour or two: when you rest, your appetite will return.
If labor is over, but the contractions continue, the dog will be restless and will not be able to feed it. This may mean that there is an afterbirth or a puppy inside. In this case, you need to contact the veterinarian who will give the dog the appropriate stimulation.
If the dog refuses to eat after giving birth, but has eaten the afterbirth, then it will not feel hunger from 5-6 hours to 3 days (depending on how much it has eaten). You can only wait here.
Loss of appetite during feeding is considered a dangerous symptom. This means that the dog is seriously ill and urgently needs to be taken to the vet for blood tests and an ultrasound scan.
What to give for diarrhea?
If the bitch nevertheless ate a lot of afterbirth, and the stomach was upset, to alleviate the condition, feed only rice porridge:
- rice is soaked in advance at least overnight;
- after it is poured with cold water;
- no spices or salt can be added;
- boiled to a very swollen state.
It is not worth making porridge with milk, because dogs do not digest it well, and diarrhea worsens.
In no case should you offer the bitch medicines for diarrhea: they will get into the milk and harm the health of the puppies.
The amount of food needed in the first 4-6 weeks should be increased. It happens gradually.
For example, in the second week after the birth of cubs, the volume of food is doubled. And in the third week. at three.
In addition, the amount of food to eat depends on the number of puppies born. And there is even a formula for how to calculate it by this indicator. For this you need:
- after the puppies are at least 4 days old, they must be weighed all at once;
- for each kilogram of the total weight of the litter, you need to increase the amount of food for “mommy” so that the calorie content increases by 250 calories.
Feeding during lactation
Anything that the bitch eats, one way or another, ends up in her milk. And in the first place is not so much the quantity as the quality of milk. And the peculiarities of feeding consist of maintaining it. So, for lactating dogs you need food that contains:
- a lot of calcium;
- easily digestible proteins;
And after consultation with the veterinarian, the dog is selected a suitable vitamin complex, which supports lactation and restores the health of the “mommy”.
Postpartum diet. It is imperative to feed the bitch after giving birth with cereals on the water: oatmeal, buckwheat and wheat, and the cereal needs to be strongly boiled. Requires dairy products such as cottage cheese, cheese or kefir.
Until at least 6 days after giving birth, the dog should not be fed raw vegetables, this will cause diarrhea in the puppies.
How and how to feed a dog after childbirth depends on the period:
- in the first week: cereals, fish products and cottage cheese;
- in the second week: meat broth, but there should be no bones in the food, pieces of raw meat;
- in the third week: during this period, you can dilute the diet with vegetables and bone meal, mineral mixtures will go well;
- in the fourth to sixth week: the amount of food for the dog decreases (puppies will soon be switched to complementary foods), but the calorie content should not decrease.
The need for vitamins and minerals. In the postpartum period, the bitch needs a special amount of vitamins in order not only to restore body functions and maintain immunity, but also to transfer the microelements necessary for development to the puppies through milk.
- vitamins of group A (they are fat-soluble, given in large doses and often cannot be given);
- vitamins B1, B2, B9, B12 (they are water-soluble and do not accumulate in the body, so you can give it often);
- vitamins of group C (water-soluble, but the dose should be moderate);
- D vitamins in large quantities (responsible for the production of calcium).
Can dry food be given? Yes, if it is a food specially for lactating dogs. Why is it important? Because this food contains a balanced amount of mineral supplements, trace elements and vitamins, which is needed for “mommy” and puppies.
If it is a premium or superpremium class feed, then separate vitamin and mineral supplements are not needed. In the case of economy class food, they are necessary. When mom has allergies, it is allowed to use special hypoallergenic food.
If a lactating bitch eats dry food, then, regardless of its class, she needs a plentiful drink and an increased amount of dairy products.
Diet for eclampsia. Milk fever (eclampsia) occurs from an acute calcium deficiency in the body. Symptoms are terrible, develop quickly, they cannot be confused with any other ailment:
- body temperature rises sharply and strongly;
- heart rate increases, shortness of breath begins;
- balance is lost, coordination is lost;
- the dog has a running gaze, it barks for no reason, does not pay attention to the puppies and is worried;
- appetite disappears, the animal does not drink, its pupils are dilated;
- tremor of the paws begins, which quickly turns into convulsions (the dog remains conscious).
With these symptoms, the bitch must be immediately taken to a doctor, otherwise she will have a coma, and then she will die. You can’t hesitate.
- dogs of small breeds, and the smaller, the higher the risk;
- dogs who have thyroid problems.
If the bitch is prone to eclampsia, you need to carefully monitor the diet so that the disease does not recur. Provide premium and superpremium food that is specially balanced, because if there is an excess of calcium, the animal will get sick again.
How and what to feed a dog after giving birth and what to do if he refuses food, puppies?
Correct feeding in the postpartum period is important for both the bitch and the puppies: the body is restored sooner, lactation and milk quality improve. On the contrary, if the attitude to the diet of “mommy” is inattentive, then a lack of calcium may develop, which will lead to eclampsia.
Why are they not fed after the first contractions??
Contractions are a process that affects all systems in the body and should be made as easy as possible. A full stomach makes the contractions harder. And the reasons for this are as follows:
- the dog’s body temperature drops, which leads to a slowdown in metabolism and a suspension of digestion (therefore, the bitches at this time refuse to eat themselves);
- the first puppy born is the largest, and progression through the birth canal is more difficult if the “mommy’s” intestines are full;
- fights for a well-fed dog are harder than for a hungry dog and last longer;
- if a bitch gives birth on a full stomach, she may vomit or have involuntary bowel movements, both of which are stressful for her.
Whelping puppies, Feathering. Tips and Advice for a canine in labor
The dog does not feed the puppies after giving birth
Veterinarians identify three main reasons for this behavior in a dog:
- There is no maternal instinct, which does not happen often, but it still happens.
- Bitch worried (feeling bad or sick).
- Puppies with birth defects or weaknesses (dogs rarely refuse to feed such pups, but it does happen).
In the first case, artificial feeding of puppies is recommended, because nothing can be done with their “mother”.
In the second case, when the dog does not feed the puppies after giving birth due to stress or health, it is necessary for her to calm down and get better. Then she will take care of the cubs again.
The third option is also artificial feeding. It is possible in two forms:
- the owner can bring a nursing bitch, and if she accepts the puppies, then they will come out without problems;
- the owner will prepare special puppy mixes on his own.
First birth of a dog. How to prepare, how to help, what is important to know?
Unlike human births, canine births are quick and easy in most cases, and no assistance is required. Sometimes the owners do not find the dog giving birth at all and in the morning they meet a happy mom surrounded by clean puppies.
But troubles do happen, albeit rarely, and it is better to be prepared for them. Here’s how to prepare for a dog birth, how it happens, and what you can do to help your pet.
Preparing for childbirth
Your dog needs a place that is calm, safe, comfortable, quiet and easy to clean. Genitive boxes are best suited for this. The box should be placed in a quiet place, away from walk-through rooms and other animals.
Be sure to show the bitch the place before giving birth. A dog will not give birth in an unfamiliar space.
What you need to have on hand during childbirth
All these things need to be kept close at hand. Not the fact that they will be needed, but I can come in handy.
A pregnant bitch may stop eating a couple of days before giving birth, and may start to build a nest. Her body temperature can drop to 37.2 ℃.
The task of a person during a dog birth is to assist, more is not required from you in a normal course.
Each puppy is born in a separate placental membrane. The bitch itself bites the membrane and gnaws through the umbilical cord, but if she has not done this, you will have to help the newborn. The umbilical cord is cut at a distance of 3-5 cm from the puppy’s abdomen, after which it is tied with unwaxed dental floss, and the wound is treated with iodine.
Keep track of the number of placentas. it should equal the number of puppies. If some placenta does not come out, it can start to decompose inside the dog.
When to take a giving birth dog to the vet?
It is better to initially give birth in the hospital if the dog was larger than the bitch or if the bitch weighs less than 4 kg and if the pregnancy was difficult.
When to go to the hospital or call the veterinarian:
- Vaginal discharge smells unbearable.
- Long pauses between puppies coming out (more than an hour and a half), before the doctor arrives, massage the dog’s belly with light movements.
- Temperatures over 40 degrees (this is a sign that the puppy is dying).
- Pet restlessness after childbirth, impaired coordination, seizures.
- Loss of consciousness.
- The duration of the prenatal period takes longer than a day.
- The birth of a dead puppy.
- The last afterbirth does not come out.
You will be much safer if you invite a veterinarian to the house with the necessary set of medicines.
Symptoms of an imminent birth of puppies
As described above, the behavior of a dog before giving birth depends on the individual characteristics of each individual. However, almost all bitches before giving birth are busy with their bed and its improvement. Symptoms before childbirth in dogs can occur all at the same time, or not at all. There is one sure symptom of an early birth. temperature. The fact is that the temperature of a dog before childbirth drops to 36.6-37.5 degrees, which is an unnaturally low indicator for normal healthy dogs (usually the temperature is kept at 38-39 degrees). Most often, milk comes out of the nipples when pressed. This indicates that your dog is about to give birth.
Before the birth itself, the pet may moan, tremble, as the water flows out of it. It is better to put it in a place prepared in advance and not go far.
Also, a day or half a day before giving birth, a four-legged friend may refuse to eat.
What are the signs that labor will begin soon?
The behavior of the dog before childbirth can be calm, or vice versa, nervous and aggressive. It is rather difficult to try to determine by the external state in how many hours your pet expects to be replenished. Just take a closer look at your dog and you will see the very signs of a dog before giving birth.
- A place for future puppies. The bitch will do her best to slowly equip a new house for her cubs. You will probably notice how the pot-bellied miracle neatly drags all sorts of rags and soft things past you into its couch or any other place.
- Tasty food. Everything tasty that you give your dog, she does not eat right away, but hides somewhere in the house.
- Aggression or STIHL? The female can show aggression towards others in order to protect her offspring, or be indifferent to everyone. Especially can “fly in” those who approached the couch of the future mother.
- Saggy belly. The belly of a dog sags before giving birth. When you look at your pet from above, it looks thinner than before. A saggy belly is a sure sign that puppies are almost ready to go outside.
- The external genitals are enlarged.
- Mucous discharge may also be present.
- Milk. In the eighth week, you may notice drops of milk near the nipples.
How a dog behaves before giving birth?
To the above, it should be added that during the prenatal stage, the pet is worried, is struggling to equip its bed, the pet’s heavy breathing is felt. Plus, a four-legged friend can look under her tail in anticipation. The behavior of the dog before giving birth can make the owner himself worried, but you should not show your worries, as this will affect the expectant mother. Your floor may also be damaged, as the dog will “dig” it. She can also hide in dark corners so that no one can see her. Sometimes the dog before giving birth becomes the “tail” of the owner and pursues him absolutely everywhere. This is due to the fact that your pet is already feeling the first pains. Her eyes concentrate on nearby objects, and her tail takes a strange pose (stretched back, tip down).
How to understand that your pet is pregnant?
In the early stages, it is impossible to say anything. Sometimes the bitch becomes quieter, more peaceful, eats a lot or a little. You can notice something only in the second month of bearing puppies:
- The belly is enlarged.
- Weight increases.
- The mammary glands protrude and slightly change color at the nipples.
- Something like mucous discharge comes from the penis.
- Gently feeling the belly, you feel hard lumps.
The extreme and already “finishing off” factor. the dog is trying in every possible way to equip its home for the puppies. You will notice this immediately and will not confuse it with anything. It is better to go to the veterinarian in the second month and take an x-ray to know how many babies to expect.
How to equip a dog’s bed?
Remember: after giving birth, the box where you put the droppings should be replaced.
What to do if your dog is shaking before giving birth?
The sight of a shaking bitch can scare inexperienced owners. Don’t panic ahead of time. It is normal for a pregnant dog to tremble and whine from contractions before giving birth. Don’t worry prematurely. Place the pet in her bed.
Stages of childbirth of a dog
As soon as you notice that labor has begun, call your veterinarian. The birth of a dog is divided into four stages:
- Prenatal period. In order not to miss this one, be aware of the temperature of the dog before giving birth. The birth canal of the pet is revealed. Mucous discharge from the vagina is observed. The bitch can shiver, moan and breathe frequently. Duration: 2 hours to 24 hours (see your veterinarian if contractions last longer).
- Strengthening contractions. The dog’s contractions intensify, which is logical to assume, based on the name. The abdominal muscles contract. You can check this by placing your palm on your pet’s belly. The animal may even scream in pain.
- The birth of puppies, the release of the placenta. At this stage, the pet begins to drain water. a bubble of liquid bursts. This bladder protects the puppy from umbilical suffocation. The duration between the breakup and the birth of the first calf is no more than three hours. Puppies are born both head and tail first. There is not much difference. If the female does not bite through the umbilical cord herself or does not pay attention to the puppy at all, do it yourself. Carefully cut the umbilical cord or watch your doctor do it. It is important to free the puppy from the amniotic membrane and cleanse his muzzle of liquid, to stimulate the respiratory system. The puppy appears not alone, but with an afterbirth. The afterbirth looks like a strange blood mass, vaguely resembling a liver. The female usually tries to eat the afterbirth immediately after its release.
- Postpartum period. A dog can experience postpartum shock, which is expressed in the desire to gnaw its cubs. The shock usually lasts no longer than a day. Nurse the puppies every two hours and closely monitor the process and behavior of the dog. If the shock persists, consult a specialist. Duration: from the moment of release of the last placenta to 3-5 weeks, that is, until the recovery of the female. To be sure that all the puppies are out, remember their number in the picture, or wait at least two hours. If you notice a stench from the vagina, contact your veterinarian immediately.
Stages of the appearance of puppies
How long does a dog give birth? Veterinarians divide the whole process into three basic stages.
Contractions. And its normal duration is equal to 6-12 hours. At this time, the dog’s vaginal muscles relax, the cervix opens, the uterus itself begins to contract, but the muscles of the peritoneum are not yet involved. During the stage, the rectal temperature of the woman in labor remains low.
The pet’s anxiety increases, she looks at her stomach, breathes often and heavily, she may start scratching the bedding, she may vomit.
The end of the first stage of labor is considered to be an increase in the uterine contractions of the dog and an increase in their intensity.
The birth of puppies. It starts when the waters recede. After this, the contractions intensify, the muscles of the peritoneum are already involved in them, and then the baby appears. For puppies, the norm is to appear both head and legs forward.
Puppies come out at intervals of half an hour to three hours.
If a bitch begins to have greenish or brown discharge, but the puppy does not appear within 2 to 4 hours, if the waters have receded, however, labor has not begun during the same period, if after the appearance of the puppy the next one does not come out within 4 hours, you should immediately call veterinarian!
Separation of the placenta. Normally, it happens after the calf leaves. The dog can eat them, this is normal, but it is worth making sure that it does not eat more than 2-3, otherwise diarrhea will begin. Maybe not eat.
Remnants of the placenta can also be released in postpartum discharge. This happens in 1 week, and the discharge itself is usually greenish.
The most important thing is that all the placentas come out.
If at least one afterbirth remains inside, this can lead to purulent inflammation of the uterus.
If not all the afterbirths have departed, if purulent discharge with an unpleasant odor appears, if there is a long bleeding from the genitals, if the temperature rises, you should urgently contact your veterinarian!
Birth. childbirth in a dog: signs of onset and the process of childbirth, how to take them at home
You need to prepare for childbirth in advance, do everything correctly and accurately in the process, and then pay a lot of attention to both the dog and the puppies. Mistakes that people make, wanting to help a pet, can lead to a serious illness. How is a dog giving birth and how should you help at home? about this in a detailed review below.
Features in small breeds
Such dogs are at risk for the following reasons:
- with a small body of a woman in labor, puppies often develop large, and this greatly complicates the process;
- generic instincts in representatives of small breeds are usually reduced;
- their nervous system is more vulnerable.
These factors make childbirth in a small breed dog difficult, so it is advisable to have a qualified doctor in charge.
Signals for the owner
By the end of the second month of pregnancy, the owners are supposed to be on their guard. How to understand that a dog is in labor? Veterinarians consider the following signs of the beginning of the process:
- a decrease in rectal temperature (35 degrees in small breeds, 37 in large breeds), and this happens a day before childbirth;
- relaxation of the muscles in the pelvic and abdominal region, which gives the impression of a “hanging” abdomen;
- a change in the pet’s behavior: it becomes restless, the bitch hides and makes itself something like a nest, follows the owners, as if asking for something;
- loss of appetite, vomiting is possible;
- establishment of lactation;
- whitish, light gray discharge;
- shortness of breath, increased heart rate, chills.
Dog labor: the signs of onset and the process of labor should be under the full supervision of caring owners. Otherwise, complications are possible: endometritis, eclampsia.
How to induce labor in a dog? If prenatal signs appear and last more than 24 hours, and the dog has no contractions, you should immediately contact your veterinarian.
Self-help of the owners in this situation is undesirable.
Preparing for childbirth
The approach of childbirth in a dog requires the owner to prepare for the process. This is done like this:
- it is necessary to prepare a place, lay a clean cloth there;
- stock up on a piece of clean, natural cloth to wipe the baby, blunt scissors for cutting the umbilical cord, silk threads;
- you can take care of the place for the puppies: a small box is suitable, inside which a woolen cloth is laid, put a heating pad. there must be warmth there;
- the day before the start of the process, the bitch is washed the belly, the genital area, and the hair is cut off in these places.
Both overheating and hypothermia are dangerous for the dog and puppies.
Therefore, the temperature at the place of birth is maintained at around 28 degrees. And this is taken care of in advance!
What is the owner to do?
How to give birth to a dog at home? At each of the steps described above, the owner will require certain actions.
- the dog often needs the presence of the owner, his attention and affection, which means that you need to be near her, you can talk, soothing;
- Careful, gentle stroking of the pet on the back and abdomen can relieve pain;
- light massage in the form of tapping movements on the sides also helps;
- in no way try to speed up the process!
- if the puppy came out, but the bitch did not break the umbilical cord and the amniotic sac, the owner does it;
- the umbilical cord is tied with silk thread;
- if the puppy did not breathe and did not make any sounds at once, it is necessary to check the mouth and nose, possibly remove mucus;
- after this, the baby needs to be wiped off and put next to the dog so that he immediately begins to suck;
- at the same time, his intestines should start up, i.e. the first feces, usually black in color, leave;
- if this does not happen, you can gently massage his tummy;
- after 5 or 10 minutes, the eaten baby is transferred to a box, however, so that the mother can see him.
- it is necessary to count the born puppies and the released afterbirths. their number must match;
- you need to be careful and count those traces that the dog can eat too;
- after the end of childbirth, the litter of the pet needs to be changed and all the babies are transferred to her. now she takes care of them herself.
The first birth of a dog what to do? Particularly noteworthy are dogs giving birth for the first time. They need to be carefully monitored, to control their actions, since they have no experience, and instincts are smoothed out. Otherwise, if done correctly, labor will be safe for both the bitch and the puppies.
Also check out the video about giving birth to a dog:
Take childbirth in dogs. Signs: the umbilical cord is visible, attempts. What to do?
In order to call a veterinarian for obstetric aid in dogs, you need:
Call the operator using the numbers indicated in the Contacts section; 2. Tell what happened to the animal; 3. Inform the address (street, house, front door, floor) where the veterinarian will arrive; 4. Specify the date and time of the doctor’s arrival.
Most people think that pregnancy is the time between a mating dog and giving birth, but this is not entirely true. It is correct to consider a dog’s pregnancy the period between fertilization of an egg and childbirth. A dog’s pregnancy lasts 63 days, but it is very difficult to know the exact time of fertilization of an egg, since the dog “asks” to the male before and after ovulation. The period between mating and childbirth usually lasts between 58 and 70 days.
If you want to determine if your dog is pregnant, you can use a pregnancy test.
Sometimes it happens that the animal shows all the symptoms of pregnancy, but in fact the dog is not pregnant. This condition is called false pregnancy (pseudocyesis) and the owners can use ultrasound diagnostics to accurately determine the pregnancy of the dog and the number of future puppies. This is done not only in the clinic, but also at home. Call us for more information on this matter.
Once you know for sure that your dog has become pregnant, you should prepare for the event. Before mating, make sure your dog has all of the vaccinations and that there is more than three months left before the annual re-vaccination. Otherwise, doctors recommend vaccinating the dog before mating. It is not recommended to vaccinate a dog during pregnancy.
It is also recommended to check your dog for worms and test for brucellosis dermatitis. This infection can cause abortion in a dog and is contagious to humans.
Usually, after mating and fertilization of the egg, the dog behaves as usual for 4-5 weeks and does not require additional care. Changes requiring attention occur in the last trimester (5 and 6 weeks of pregnancy). Puppies in the womb of a dog mother begin to grow rapidly. The dog begins to eat more than usual. The amount of feed should be gradually increased. It should be food for pregnant and lactating dogs.
This diet should be continued as long as the dog is carrying and feeding the puppies, that is, until the puppies are self-feeding and weaned. We do not recommend giving vitamins or any other nutritional supplements during a dog’s pregnancy, because only a properly selected diet provides a pregnant dog with all the necessary nutrients in the right amount, and an abundance of vitamins or minerals can cause birth defects in puppies.
It is not recommended to feed your dog high-calorie food in the last trimester, as this will lead to weight gain and fat storage, resulting in early labor or problems during labor.
A week or two before the dog starts giving birth, we recommend preparing a spacious box where the dog can give birth safely, cleanly and comfortably. If we talk about what it should be, then you should choose one in which the dog could freely climb and small puppies could not get out of it. It can be a wooden or plastic box, or a box made of any other material (you can use a plastic fruit box with low sides).
Whichever box you choose, make sure that it is spacious enough, the dog is comfortable there, and the sides or sides of the box are low enough so that the dog can easily enter the box without stepping on the puppies.
If possible, choose a quiet and peaceful place and place the box there. Put a diaper on the bottom, which can be replaced after the dog is born.
When your dog gives birth to puppies, place a sheet or towel underneath to keep the puppies warm and comfortable to crawl and push off the floor of the box. The dog needs to get used to the home before labor begins. If this does not happen, then she will independently determine the most suitable place for childbirth (this can be either a closet, or a place in the bathroom among the linen, or even your bed).
We recommend that the dog be examined by a veterinarian already a week before giving birth. A physical examination and ultrasound will help determine how many puppies are expected. This is done so that you know how many puppies there should be and how much is left for the dog to give birth when the female has birth breaks.
When the time is right for your dog to give birth, we recommend that you take your body temperature twice a day and record it in a chart. If you decide that you need a veterinarian to be present during the delivery of your dog, daily notification of the dog’s body temperature will be sufficient to ensure that the doctor arrives on time.
There will be a drop in body temperature 24 hours before the start of labor. The normal body temperature of a dog is 38.5. 38.6 ° C, and 24 hours before delivery, there will be a decrease in temperature to 37.5. 36.6 ° C.
After a drop in body temperature, the dog begins the first stage of labor. contractions. During this period, the dog can be restless and anxious. Before giving birth, the dog may have shortness of breath, staggering when walking, and refusal to eat. Don’t be alarmed if your dog vomits.
Then the nesting period of the dog begins. This is the time to put the dog in the box (hopefully, by this time, she is used to it). When you place her there, you will notice that she is preparing a place for herself by moving the bedding under her.
This period of labor in a dog lasts 6 to 12 hours. At the end of this period, the cervix will dilate completely. If during the first period within 24 hours the dog does not start labor, the help of a veterinarian is recommended.
During the second period, the dog gives birth. Abdominal muscles begin to contract.
The first puppy should appear within the first hour after the start of the contractions. Veterinarian assistance is highly recommended if this does not happen.
After the first puppy appears, the dog enters a relaxation stage, which can last for 4 hours, but in practice is usually 30 minutes. Then repeated contractions begin and a second puppy is born.
If you know the number of puppies your dog is due to give birth and the relaxation period is longer than 4 hours, it is highly recommended that you call your veterinarian. The relaxation period sometimes does not come and several puppies are born at the same time.
After the puppy is born, the dog goes into the third period. During this period of time, the placenta departs in dogs. This happens 5-15 minutes after the puppy is born. If several puppies are born at the same time, then several placentas come out, after which childbirth in the dog again goes into the second stage. This can be either the rest phase or the onset phase of repeated contractions.
During childbirth, the dog repeats the transition from the third period to the second until all the puppies are born. It is important to ensure that the placenta is released, that is, the number of its exits should be equal to the number of puppies born. If the placenta remains in the uterus, it can cause the dog to develop disease.
When a puppy is born, the mother dog begins to lick it immediately. She should do this vigorously, thereby removing the amniotic sac (if any), and then gnawing the umbilical cord. Then the placenta begins to come out, which the dog can eat. If possible, try to prevent this from happening, as this can provoke vomiting or diarrhea in the dog. By quickly removing the placenta, you can protect your dog from further health problems.
Puppies born in an amniotic sac are in urgent need of care. If the mother dog does not open the bag and lick the puppy, you should. Rip open the bag and wipe the puppy with a cotton pad or towel. If you see the mother dog is not licking or cleaning the puppy, do it yourself.
Then tie the umbilical cord 2.5 centimeters from the puppy’s tummy. You can use a thread for this. Scrub and rub the puppy vigorously until you hear him scream, then bring the puppy back to the dog and make sure she starts grooming.
Your preparation and understanding of your dog’s birthing process is key to achieving a fulfilling puppy life.
What Can Go Wrong During Dog Pregnancy?
In most cases, the dog gives birth on its own.
If something goes wrong during the delivery of the dog or after the birth of puppies, it is recommended that you seek the support of your veterinarian and call him home as soon as possible.
Here is a list of possible complications that can occur:
- Miscarriage / spontaneous abortion: usually occurs with profuse bleeding;
- Intrauterine absorption of the fetus: sometimes the egg stops developing and is reabsorbed;
- Primary inertia: occurs when a dog does not begin labor on day 65. It is highly recommended to take the dog to the vet clinic or call the veterinarian at home;
- Obstruction: If the delivery of the dog is delayed in time, the dog struggles for 30-60 minutes and the fetus does not come out, call the veterinarian.
Be healthy, beautiful, playful and plentiful!
Childbirth in dogs: signs, precursors, the beginning, how to give birth in small and large dog breeds
Childbirth in dogs is a long-awaited time for many owners. About what to do during this period, what are the harbingers of childbirth, what is the beginning, how to give birth to your pet, be it a large or small breed, we will now talk.
To begin with, dogs, like all animals, have a genetic memory for how to behave during childbirth. However, living next to a person, her behavior sometimes obeys the owner. And sometimes she can get lost during childbirth and even ask for help from a person. In addition, do not forget that dogs, like all mammals, may have some deviations in anatomy and physiology, which can affect the characteristics of the course of labor, and the health of the dog and its offspring in the future.
How a dog reacts to contractions before first born puppy
Whether to see a veterinarian?
The first question that worries many young amateur dog breeders, especially if their dog is giving birth for the first time, is whether to call a veterinarian or not.?
Experts recommend the following: if you are worried yourself, if you have never seen and do not know what to do during this period, then it is better to call a doctor from any veterinary clinic.
If you had experience in caring for a pregnant dog, took delivery from her, and in which case you won’t get confused and don’t faint, then you can safely take delivery yourself, and only in case of complications (which we will talk about below) call a veterinarian. Only about this it is imperative to warn him in advance by phoning him at least a few hours before the birth itself.
Harbingers, onset and signs of labor in dogs
So, the harbingers of childbirth in dogs are the following:
Signs of the onset of labor in dogs are when labor starts. Contractions are already contractile movements of the uterus, which help push the fetus out. Contractions usually occur at short intervals. At first, they are repeated every 10-15 minutes, then their interval is reduced, and by the time of the birth of the fetus, contractions occur every 2-3 minutes.
After the birth of the puppy, he should squeak, which will indicate that the lungs are filled with air, that the puppy is alive. The dog must gnaw through the umbilical cord that connects the puppy to the afterbirth, which is still in the uterine cavity of the dog. Then she must lick it, removing traces of the membranes and clearing the nose of mucus. Then, after 10-25 minutes, the afterbirth with small streaks of blood should come out, the dog should eat it. Once the dog has done all this, the puppy can be put aside on a pre-prepared bedding so that the dog does not crush him during the birth of the next puppy.
What the owner should pay attention to?
1) If 2 hours have passed after the start of labor, and the puppy has not been born, be sure to call the veterinarian. 2) If at the time of birth, scarlet blood flows from the dog’s genital tract (not the streaks of blood that accompany the separation of the placenta, namely scarlet blood a good stream), then urgently call the veterinarian or take the dog to the nearest veterinarian. 3) If the afterbirth still does not come out even after 2-3 hours (be sure to follow this.), then urgently call the veterinarian. 4) If the dog has not gnawed the umbilical cord, tie it with a thread at a distance of 3 cm from the puppy’s tummy, and then cut it with scissors treated with alcohol or hydrogen peroxide. 5) Usually, 20-30 minutes pass between births of puppies, but maybe up to 1, 5 o’clock. If the second puppy is born after 8-10 hours, be sure to call your veterinarian. 6) After the birth of all puppies, be sure to change the litter under them to dry, lay the dog and put all the puppies on its nipples, let them suck milk and gain strength.
Dog labor videos
How To Tell Your Female Dog Need A c-section Done
1) The first video. childbirth in a large breed dog
2) The second video. childbirth in dogs of small breeds. Toy Terrier
Dog fight “rules
Oddly enough, dogs have their own rules that they follow when fighting. So, basically, males get involved in a fight with males, and bitches with females. Of course, this rule does not always apply, but still a fight between a dog and a bitch is rather an exception to the rule.
However, at the first meeting of pets, the owners need to be prepared for any outcome of events. That is why, at first, the animals should be kept on leashes and only after they get used to each other, let them run freely, but at the same time constantly keep in sight.
As a rule, a dog and a bitch fight quite rarely, most often same-sex relatives enter into battle
What to do if dogs fight
Seeing that communication turns into an open fight, many owners begin to panic and, wanting to separate the fighters, make many mistakes. So, what to do if the dogs come together in a fight:
- You can not grab either your own or someone else’s dog by the collar. Of course, such a desire may be the first impulse, but in this case there is a risk of being bitten. The dog, unwillingly, obeying instinct, will twist and bite a man’s hand.
- The owner should not use physical force on a stranger dog in order to protect his four-legged friend. Otherwise, such an animal may become angrier and it is not a fact that it will not turn its attention to the person who raised his hand to him.
- If possible, they need to be doused with water. This method is the simplest. it will allow you to stop the attacking instinct and the animals will immediately forget about their aggression.
- Scare with a sharp and loud sound. In this case, you can bang loud objects against each other or use a sound horn. If there are no such items at hand, then you can loudly clap your hands or shout. A sound like this will have the same effect as water.
- Throw in a blanket. Some pets, when they cannot see their opponent, stop fighting.
How to avoid dog fights
Trying to prevent dogs from fighting is easier than separating already fighting animals. To do this, you should follow a number of rules outlined below.
Competition should not be encouraged. Conflict can even happen over treats and toys. Some pets are ready to protect what belongs to them to the last, while others are happy to share it. The owner needs to know the character traits of his pet in order to prevent a fight if another dog is nearby. That is why it is worth putting away treats and toys when he plays with other relatives.
It is necessary to teach your pet to play carefully. It is required to educate an animal since puppyhood, because it is worth remembering that the responsibility for its behavior lies with the owner. In addition, timely upbringing measures may discourage him from doing what is prohibited. It is required to praise a four-legged friend when he behaves well, and when he shows signs of aggression, distance him from other animals with whom he plays and leave him alone until he calms down.
It is important to teach your four-legged friend to respond to the call of the owner. It is important to teach the dog to come to the owner’s call immediately, then this will help to avoid a number of conflict situations. This method has been required to practice since puppyhood, when the pet is in the presence of other relatives.
Fighting is easier to prevent than separating dogs.
Compliance with the rules gives a number of advantages, but there are also tips, taking into account which, the owner will be able to protect his pet from the fight. Namely:
- If another dog appears in the apartment, then for several weeks, it is better to keep it separately in order to enable the “old” four-legged pet to get used to the replenishment and avoid fights between them for the territory. You can practice playing together or sleeping in the same room to allow them to get used to each other.
- It is worth observing the dog while it is playing with others while walking to prevent a fight.
- It is worth taking a stun gun with you for a walk, but use it only if all sorts of measures have been tried to separate the fighters. It is best to make short-term flashes near fighters, as this sound usually causes fright.
- On the street, a pet prone to aggression should be kept on a leash and released only if there are no strangers around.
Dogs fight among themselves. how can they be separated
For animals, acquaintance with other relatives on a walk is a common thing. But such acquaintances do not always end in friendship. Unfortunately, dog fights are quite common. Therefore, the owners sometimes have to separate the fighting animals, but not everyone knows how to do this correctly.
The use of the wheelbarrow technique is only possible if two people are involved. So, you need to quickly grab each of the dogs by the hind limbs and pull them apart, as if a person were driving a wheelbarrow along the ground.
Of course, dogs can try to free themselves, and for this purpose try to twist and bite a person, so the latter should take this fact into account and be careful when trying to pull them apart.
Why do dogs fight
There are many reasons why dogs fight. However, in fairness, it should be noted that aggressive, poorly educated and unsocialized dogs are the first to start a fight. It is worth considering the main reasons leading to a fight:
- Feeling of fear. Yes, it is the fierce fear that makes the animal rush at its relatives. The reason for this is a sense of self-preservation. It may seem to a person that the dog senses a threat from nowhere, but he is able to rush into battle due to the fact that another animal is larger in size, for example, if it is a white Alabai, shepherd dog, Labrador or other large breeds, or he simply did not have to I like his smell.
- Rivalry for territory. Dogs are territorial animals, which, thanks to their developed protective and protective instincts, are capable of defending their meters to the death. They do not always consider an apartment or an adjacent area to a house as their territory, sometimes habitual walking routes become it. Feeling the urge from another animal to their object, they are able to attack it without hesitation.
- Struggle for leadership. Dogs are gregarious animals, and, as you know, in a pack all places are distributed. this is how nature laid it down. For a leadership position between pets, a real war can begin. Fights are also possible among several dogs living in the same house. So, for example, one domestic four-legged friend can get used to the fact that the owner pays more attention to him than others, and if he just feels that the owner pays more care to another animal, a reason for a fight will arise immediately.
- Procreation instinct. If on a walk two males find a pregnant female, a deadly battle will unfold between them.
- Individual intolerance. Like humans, dogs can develop unreasonable personal dislike for each other. This trait is especially traced in pets that were taken from the shelter, because they are worried that the love of the owner will go to another, and he will be unnecessary. In this situation, if the owner cannot cope on his own, a dog handler and a zoopsychologist can help.
What not to do
Seeing that the pet has entered into battle with another animal, it is absolutely impossible to panic, shout and climb between them to separate. During a fight, the animal’s nervous system is in an agitated state, and the pet cannot understand who exactly is pulling it away from the enemy, therefore, unwittingly, it can stick a fang into the hand of its own owner.
The situation becomes much more serious if a stranger dog bites the separating person, because later you will have to go to the emergency room, since there is simply no reliable information about her vaccinations. She can be frantic, and then death will become a serious threat to her opponent.
The situation becomes dangerous when representatives of fighting breeds fight. they will try to win even when they themselves are wounded. Hitting and yelling at agitated animals is not only useless, but also dangerous. This behavior will lead to even more anger.
Don’t panic if the dogs are fighting, as long as you keep your composure.
There can be absolutely any reason for a dog fight, the main thing is, if the situation is getting worse, try to take all measures to avoid a fight.
Behavioral and physiological factors affecting food intake
Factors that can cause a dog to refuse food include the following:
- Depression or the frequent occurrence of stressful situations. Depressed animals often refuse to eat or drink.
- Substandard products. Some people decide to save on pet food and buy cheap pet food for them. This sometimes leads to poisoning, abdominal pain and further impairment of appetite.
- Using the same feed. If the dog is not given a varied diet and is consistently fed the same food, the dog may stop eating.
- Parasites. The dog may lose its appetite due to worms. To avoid them, you need to regularly check pets for parasites.
- Consequences after taking medication. Certain medications cause your dog to stop eating.
Every dog breeder must do everything so that his pet always has a good appetite. To do this, the dog needs to be fed regularly, without taking long breaks between meals. It is better to develop a meal schedule so that the dog does it at the same time.
You need to feed the doggie with warm and tasty food. If the dog turns up its nose and stops eating, then it does not like the food. In this case, you will have to slightly change the daily diet and add more of the dog’s favorite foods to it. The diet should consist of:
- lean raw meat;
- buckwheat or rice cereals;
- raw or cooked vegetables.
What to do if your pet has no appetite for a long time
If the dog is lethargic and does not eat for 3-5 days, this may indicate the development of an ailment. To facilitate the determination of the diagnosis in the future, the following should be done:
- Check dry food and other dog food carefully. All foods that can lead to problems with the work of the digestive tract must be excluded from the diet.
- Observe the pet’s behavior at home. Weakness and apathy can be a symptom of the development of diseases.
- Inspect the oral cavity. It is necessary to carefully examine the teeth and gums to make sure that there are no inflammatory processes.
- Examine the ears. Particular attention should be paid to the auricles, as some diseases of the auditory organs can cause pain when chewing food.
- To measure the temperature. Some diseases are accompanied by fever.
What veterinarians have to offer
Often people are unable to independently determine why a dog has lost appetite. In such cases, you will have to seek help from a veterinarian. The specialist will help not only to deal with the causes of the problem, but also return the former desire to eat food.
To determine the main reasons for the lack of appetite, the doctor will conduct the following examinations:
- general analysis of urine and blood;
- determination of the amount of hormones in the blood;
- X-ray examination to exclude tumors and the need for an operation to remove them;
- Abdominal ultrasound;
- examination of the anus and intestines to detect worms.
The dog has no appetite: a natural condition or a sign of a disease
If the dog has lost appetite, and there are no external signs of the disease, then it was caused by other reasons. The following can lead to unwillingness to eat:
- The weather is too hot. The dog may lose the desire to eat when the air temperature rises above thirty degrees Celsius. That is why many animals eat much less in summer.
- Regular use of vitamin complexes. They contain a huge amount of micronutrients, and therefore the pet eats less often.
- The beginning of the sexual hunt. Loss of appetite in animals is often associated with the activation of hormonal processes. For example, during the mating season, most dogs are more concerned with meeting their needs rather than eating.
- Teething of new teeth. In puppies, teeth begin to erupt at an early age. Quite often, this process is accompanied by nausea and a general deterioration in well-being. This leads to the fact that the dogs refuse to eat.
- Breed predisposition. Some terriers and large breeds deliberately practice fasting. These dogs may refuse food for several days to improve their well-being.
Danger to humans
Most often, a dog’s lack of appetite does not pose any danger to humans. However, there are times when rabies is the reason for refusing food and water. In order to determine in a timely manner that a pet has this disease, you need to familiarize yourself with its main symptoms. Signs of rabies include the following:
- Cold look. Animals with rabies often have a blank and cold stare.
- Irritability. Dogs become more irritable and bark more often.
- Diarrhea. One of the signs of rabies is a digestive disorder accompanied by diarrhea.
- Reducing weight. Since rabies can completely lose appetite in dogs, they rapidly lose weight.
When to get nervous
If your pet dog does not eat for several days, but at the same time feels good and remains in a normal mood, do not worry. However, if the dog has lost appetite and at the same time has other symptoms, you will need the help of a veterinarian.
Symptoms to look out for include the following:
- mucus in the stool;
- refusal to drink water;
- decreased activity;
- increased anxiety;