home Dogs The Dog Has Peeling Skin What To Do

The Dog Has Peeling Skin What To Do

Allergy

The most common occurrence of flaky skin in dogs. It can be food and contact. With food allergies, lesions are usually localized in the lips, eyebrows, eyelids. In case of contact in the place of contact with the allergen.

Food allergies are more common in ornamental breeds (Yorkshire Terrier, English and French Bulldogs, Pugs and Shar Pei). For such breeds, food from the table (especially sweet) is strictly prohibited, as it is fraught with loss of hair, redness and peeling of the skin.

In the presence of itching (which is observed in every second case), there is a high risk of bacterial infection. Here, the problem can be solved only with the help of a strict diet and the transition to hypoallergenic food.

Contact types of allergies in severe cases manifest themselves in the form of burns. Allergens can be chemicals, some types of plastic or rubber. Here, you can get rid of problems in the future only by avoiding a potential allergen. In advanced cases, antihistamines are indicated (tavegil, suprastin).

Demodecosis

Common among dogs of all breeds. Normally, every animal has a mite on the skin. And if their number increases sharply, then we can talk about the development of demodicosis.

Such activity can be provoked by a sharp decrease in immunity due to prolonged use of antibiotics or a tumor process. Typical symptoms. the dog’s skin begins to peel off and hair falls out. In place of bald spots, multiple black rashes appear. Itching is usually mild.

In advanced cases, there may be a complete loss of hair. You also need to know about demodicosis that it is not contagious (it cannot be transmitted to humans or other animals in any way). The diagnosis is based on microscopic examination of scrapings taken from the lesions.

Treatment is long, but not difficult, if carried out under the supervision of an experienced veterinarian. The most effective drugs are Ivermectin and Otodectin. The dosage is adjusted according to the weight of the dog.

Possible diseases

Peeling skin in dogs occurs in all breeds and all ages. often it can only be in decorative breeds prone to dermatitis. First of all, the veterinarian must exclude the following pathologies.

What causes your dog to flake off?

Peeling skin in a dog can be caused by a number of reasons that can be dangerous only in the absence of timely treatment. In rare cases, this symptom may indicate the development of serious liver or kidney problems.

Most often, the owners complain of the appearance of flaky areas in the ears, then the back, abdomen and places of bends of the limbs, less often the tail and groin area, go in frequency of circulation.

Sarcoptic mange

Another type of mite that parasitizes the skin of dogs. It manifests itself in the form of flaky scabs in the coat and local baldness. A distinctive feature is severe itching, forcing the pet to literally tear itself to blood.

Only microscopic examination of scrapings from affected areas can confirm the presence of sarcoptes. An effective treatment is considered to be the treatment of all animals living in the house with Stronghold and Advocate for 6 weeks.

When to sound the alarm?

Peeling in itself does not mean anything, but the addition of accompanying symptoms may already indicate the presence of an infection:

  • Severe itching, which forces the pet to gnaw out lesions until it bleeds;
  • Redness of the skin (in certain areas or throughout the body);
  • The appearance of multiple rashes;
  • Black growths;
  • Baldness of certain parts of the body;
  • Lethargy;
  • Apathy;
  • Refusal to eat.

Lichen

Fungal disease, which most often occurs after contact with cats. At the site of the lesion, you can notice severe peeling of the skin, which quickly transforms into a bald spot. The appearance of wetness indicates the development of dermatophytosis.

Lichen is considered a contagious lesion prone to relapse. To confirm the diagnosis, a microscopic examination of the hair from the lesions is mandatory. In controversial moments, sowing can be prescribed to determine the culture of the fungus. Some dermatologists assure that to make a diagnosis it will be enough to glow the lesions with a Wood lamp, and in the presence of an apple-green glow, treatment can be prescribed.

The scheme for each dog is individual, depending on the number of lesions and the severity of symptoms. Usually, antifungal ointments, shampoos and tablets are used by mouth. Particular attention is paid to other pets living in the house and things on which fungal spores can persist (carpets, rugs, etc.). Other pets are shown prophylaxis against lichen, and things are subject to regular disinfection with a chlorhexidine solution.

If the animal has access to bedding, then it is best to boil and iron it. Separately, it is worth paying attention to the vaccination against lichen, which is not recognized by most of the leading dermatologists in the world, and is considered ineffective.!

Peeling skin in a dog photo

peeling, skin

If the dog has scaly areas on the skin, helminthic invasion and bacterial inflammation must be excluded. In rare cases, alopecia may be diagnosed, which is considered a hereditary disease.

Possible causes of flaky skin

Possible causes of dandruff include infections and systemic diseases due to autoimmune or genetic damage.

Diseases in which skin peeling is possible in dogs:

  • Pyoderma is an infection created by microbes of a bacterial nature. It manifests itself against the background of hormonal disruptions or infection with helminths. In this case, small pustules appear on the dog’s skin, after which the skin begins to crack and peel off.
  • Follicular dysplasia of black hair. This disease is genetic and extremely rare. You can recognize this disease by the loss of black hair, in the place of which peeling skin remains.

Why does a dog have flaky skin. causes and treatment

Scaling or dandruff on the skin of dogs is a concern for owners. In appearance, peeling resembles dandruff, which spoils the appearance of the dog and gives it inconvenience. Peeling in dogs is quite common and there are several reasons for this. Therefore, if the dog’s skin peels off, you should first find out the cause, and then start treatment.

You should not be nervous about peeling skin of dogs in advance, since it is mainly associated with diseases caused by infections or parasites. If the dog’s hair falls out on the back, it may be that it is allergic to certain foods or that are the characteristics of the animal.

Treatment

If you find skin peeling in your pet, you should immediately contact your veterinarian to tell you what to do next. If this is not done immediately, then complications can be expected, and the treatment will be delayed.

Research in this case includes a full-time examination of the animal and the delivery of tests in case of suspicion of certain diseases.

When examining a dog, the doctor carefully examines the nature of the peeling. When the diseased skin areas are dry, not very inflamed and there is no severe itching, then most likely it is dermatophytosis, helminthiasis or pyoderma. If you suspect these diseases, an additional skin scraping is taken to continue the study.

Pending test results, treatment is to address the cause of the symptoms. After receiving the results of all analyzes, the doctor develops a treatment regimen suitable for each contractual case.

Treatment to relieve symptoms is to prescribe anti-itching and inflammation medications. For these purposes, antiallergic drugs and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used.

In case of a bacterial disease, a course of antibiotics is selected taking into account the characteristics of a particular dog.

Prevention

NOTE! In order not to face unpleasant peeling on the skin of your pet, you must follow preventive measures.

The most important thing to do is to adhere to the vaccination schedule for your dog, as well as to carry out the treatment against worms at the prescribed frequency.

The next important point is the dog’s nutrition, which should be correct and balanced.

Also, the dog needs a veterinarian examination for early detection of possible diseases. If you find even a slight anxiety in the dog in the form of dandruff or itching, you should immediately contact your veterinarian to identify the reasons and further consultations.

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Establishing diagnosis

Before sending a four-legged patient for examination, the veterinarian assesses the condition of his skin and analyzes the data received from the owner of the animal, regarding how long this problem has appeared, what symptoms it is accompanied by, whether the dog has had any serious diseases in the past, whether vaccinations are regularly carried out and deworming. Information about the diagnostic procedures carried out in case of loss of dog hair is presented in the table:

Diagnostic manipulationsPurpose of the
Laboratory researchBlood testDetermination of the level of hormones in the blood and the concentration of protein. Revealing the presence of antigens. Assessment of B- and T-lymphocyte activity.
CoprogramDetection of parasites in the body of an animal.
Skin biopsyExclusion of neoplasms.
Mycological sowingIdentification of fungi.
BakseedingIdentification and identification of disease agents.
Instrumental examinationsLuminescent diagnosticsDetermination of dermatosis of fungal etiology.
TrichoscopyAssessment of the condition of hair follicles, including the contents of their funnels.
Thyroid ultrasoundConfirmation or refutation of guesses about the presence of hyperadrenocorticism.

Luminescent diagnostics

To make an accurate diagnosis, they must resort to the help of differential diagnostics. Despite the cost of this method, without it, it is unlikely that it will be possible to establish the cause of hair loss in a dog and develop an effective treatment regimen.

Lack of vitamins

With an unbalanced diet, the animal’s body suffers from a lack of vital trace elements, as a result of which the functioning of internal organs and systems deteriorates. Vitamin deficiency primarily affects the dog’s coat. It becomes dull and begins to fall out over time. In addition, the skin becomes rough, scales appear on it, the pads of the fingers crack.

Causes of itching and hair loss in dogs

Alopecia areata should not be confused with seasonal molting. When a dog sheds, and this happens 2 times a year, the hair falls out evenly throughout the body. Pathological baldness, which can begin at any time of the year, no matter whether in summer or winter, is characterized by uneven hair loss in patches: on the tail, back, abdomen, muzzle, etc.

There are many factors that lead to the appearance of this problem. Despite the fact that the causes of hair loss in these animals have different degrees of danger to the health of the pet, none of them can be ignored. Alopecia areata can occur against the background of hormonal imbalance, allergic reactions, parasitic diseases, fungal pathologies, stress, infections, vitamin deficiency. Doberman Pinscher Syndrome can also lead to hair loss in your dog.

Stressful situation

Often in these pets, the coat gets out under stress. This can happen due to a change of residence, a trip in a car, the death of the owner, etc. For a long time, a pet experiencing a strong emotional shock may end up completely bald. In addition to baldness, stress affects your dog’s behavior and appetite. She becomes lethargic, refuses to eat, may defecate in unintended places.

What to do if the dog’s skin peels off, hair falls out in clumps and bald patches appear?

The veterinarian develops the therapy scheme individually based on the results of the diagnostic study. General information on the treatment of hair loss in dogs is presented in the table:

The cause of canine alopeciaMedicines and procedures used
HypothyroidismHormonal medicationsLevothyroxine
HyperadrenocorticismSynthetic steroids, antineoplastic agentsMitotan, Trilostane
HypoestrogenismWith an increased amount of estrogen, it is recommended to do sterilization or castration.
ParasitesAntiparasitic drugsIvermiktin, Stronghold, Attorney
Means for external useSpecial shampoos against subcutaneous mites, microfillaria, fungi, which include selenium sulfide, chlorhexidine or miconazole
AvitaminosisVitamin complexesPreparations containing zinc chelate, vitamins B, D, F, H, amino acids.

Treatment of idiopathic alopecia is based on an integrated approach. For this, Prednisolone, Anipril, Ketoconazole, Leuprolide, Cimetidine are used. To strengthen the body’s defenses, such immunomodulators as Gamavit, Anandin, Roncoleukin, Fosprenil, etc. are shown.

Allergy in a dog

If the dog has peeling skin, hair falls out in clumps, it constantly itches, it has increased tearing, nasal discharge, redness and swelling of the mucous membrane of the eyes, redness of the inner surface of the ears, changes in behavior, indigestion and wheezing, most likely, she has an allergy. An allergic reaction in dogs can be caused by parasites, any component of the feed or product, dust, pollen of flowering plants, household chemicals, flooring, the host’s perfume and other types of allergens.

Parasitic diseases

Signs of demodicosis

If your pet peels off its tail, paws, muzzle, back, and other body parts, it may have developed parasites. Fleas, ticks, lice and worms can be the culprits of alopecia. Most often, parasitic diseases such as demodicosis and sarcoptic mange lead to this problem, which is why these pathologies are excluded in the first place when a dog is balding.

As demodicosis develops, red spots appear at the base of the hairline. Over time, bubbles appear with a reddish-clay content. In place of the bursting bubbles, baldness forms. This disease can develop in a different scenario. Dry scales appear on the affected areas, sticking together the wool. After a certain time, they disappear, and under them purulent exudate is released on the skin. In addition, the pathology is accompanied by pet apathy, refusal to eat, a decrease in body temperature, and a weakened immune system.

Sarcoptic mange

Sarcoptic mange is provoked by mites of the genus Sarcoptes canis. This disease is characterized by the following symptoms:

  • Severe itching;
  • Rash on areas of the body with the least hair growth;
  • Bubbles with a transparent liquid inside, if the integrity of which is violated, scales and dry crusts appear;
  • Hair loss in clumps;
  • Keratinization and thickening of the skin in areas of intense scratching;
  • Dandruff;
  • Pedal-ear syndrome;
  • Purulent sores;
  • Changing the behavior of the dog: he becomes irritable, periodically falling into apathy, refuses to eat.

Hormonal disorders in the body

The reasons for the appearance of bald patches on the dog’s body are conventionally divided into 2 types: hormonal and non-hormonal. To understand whether the factors that triggered the baldness of a pet belong to the first or second group, you need to evaluate the bald areas. If hair falls out on symmetrical areas of the dog’s body, most likely, the origins of this problem are hormonal in origin. A description of the types of hormonal disorders accompanied by the formation of bald patches is presented in the table:

Cushing’s syndrome

Varieties of hormonal disordersgeneral descriptionSymptoms
Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing’s Syndrome)Excessive production of adrenal cortex hormones.A sharp increase in body weight, increased thirst, increased urination, an increase in the abdomen.
HyperestrogenismThe cause of the disease is an increased amount of estrogen in the animal’s body.Baldness of the skin surrounding the genitals, enlargement of the vulva in bitches and swelling of the penis in males.
HypoestrogenismInsufficient production of estrogen.Thinning and slowing down of coat growth.
Impaired growth hormone productionIt is most often detected in individuals during puberty. The risk group includes Chow Chows, Poodles, Boxers, Airedale Terriers, Pomeranian and Keeshond.Symmetrical hair loss in different areas of the pet’s body.
HypothyroidismThe cause of the disease is insufficient production of thyroid hormones.Lethargy, lack of response to external stimuli, physical inactivity, a sharp increase in body weight, decreased immunity.

Manifestation of doberman blue syndrome, or color mutational alopecia

Colored mutational alopecia in a shepherd dog

Colored mutational alopecia is characterized by severe hair loss throughout the dog’s body. In this case, the coat of a Doberman or any other sick dog looks like it was eaten by a moth. Also, this disease is accompanied by the appearance of pustules and papules on the bald areas of the body. The occurrence of this disease is associated with genetic disorders of a weakened color. However, it is not congenital. This pathology can appear in a dog born with normal hair.

Despite the name, this syndrome is found not only in representatives of this breed. However, it is blue Dobermans who most often suffer from this disease.

Causes of skin diseases

The causes of skin diseases can be both internal and external. Only a veterinarian can establish which particular cause of the disease, having done the necessary tests. There are several main common predisposing factors for the onset and development of skin disorders:

  • Hereditary diseases (some breeds are prone to dermatitis);
  • Poor quality food and water (cheap food not only hits the liver of a dog, but also causes allergies, and in case of a lack of trace elements, the general condition of the animal may be at risk);
  • Urban living conditions (a pet living in four walls, breathing gas and exhaust gases cannot be healthy; in addition, dogs that are walked without overalls in winter are more prone to skin irritation due to reagents).

Skin diseases in dogs: types, symptoms and photos

Skin problems in dogs can occur for various reasons: allergic reactions, external irritants (fleas, ticks), viruses and bacteria. Most often, such diseases are difficult to cure, so at the first symptoms it is important to quickly contact your veterinarian.

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Disease symptoms

Symptoms directly depend on the type of disease, on the irritant. However, there are a number of similar signs that should alert any owner:

  • Damage to the skin and wool;
  • Itching: the pet is restless, often rubs and itches;
  • Temperature increase;
  • Lack of appetite, lethargy, or anxiety;
  • Swelling, swelling;
  • Suppuration and wounds;
  • Dandruff, hair loss;
  • Discharge from the auricles.

It is important to contact your veterinarian as soon as possible in order to find out the nature of the disease and begin treatment. Neglected diseases are difficult to treat and can be fatal.

The most common skin diseases in dogs

Skin diseases in dogs is a collective category that unites diseases of different types. Neither stray dogs, deprived of proper care, nor pets under the care of the owner are insured against them. Symptoms and causes are different for each type of disease, as well as treatment methods.

The main factors that provoke skin pathologies include:

  • Poor quality food. The diet must be complete, the deficiency of certain substances in the body must not be allowed;
  • Conditions of detention. Walking a pet in a contaminated area and systematic non-compliance with sanitary standards;
  • Heredity. There are a number of breeds that are distinguished by their delicate skin, this should be taken into account when starting a dog.

As a result, skin diseases appear in dogs: the animal suffers from itching, baldness is observed.

Veterinary medicine knows many skin diseases that can affect a pet, regardless of breed or age. This is almost always accompanied by hair loss. Diseases are of several types, depending on what caused the deterioration in health. A correct diagnosis will affect the effectiveness of treatment and speed up recovery.

Possible causes of flaky skin

Possible causes of dandruff include infections and systemic diseases due to autoimmune or genetic damage.

Diseases in which skin peeling is possible in dogs:

  • Pyoderma is an infection created by microbes of a bacterial nature. It manifests itself against the background of hormonal disruptions or infection with helminths. In this case, small pustules appear on the dog’s skin, after which the skin begins to crack and peel off.
  • Follicular dysplasia of black hair. This disease is genetic and extremely rare. You can recognize this disease by the loss of black hair, in the place of which peeling skin remains.

What causes your dog to flake off?

Peeling skin in a dog can be caused by a number of reasons that can be dangerous only in the absence of timely treatment. In rare cases, this symptom may indicate the development of serious liver or kidney problems. Most often, the owners complain of the appearance of flaky areas in the ears, then the back, abdomen and places of bends of the limbs, less often the tail and groin area, go in frequency of circulation.

Summer dermatitis in dogs

Eczema, or summer dermatitis, as the name suggests, mostly makes itself felt at certain times of the year. But once a dog faces this misfortune, it cannot be avoided next spring, and the animal will suffer from dermatitis until the onset of autumn. With the transition of the disease into a chronic form, the pauses in the cold season stop.

This disease occurs spontaneously, affecting the body in 2-3 days. First of all, the back and tail of the dog suffer: inflammations form aching wounds. The dog itches and gnaws at the damaged areas with his teeth, increasing the degree of health threat, because when they are injured, there is a risk of bacteria getting inside, leading to secondary skin diseases in dogs.

Veterinarians do not advise treating the dog on their own, since the owner cannot be known for certain what exactly caused the dermatitis, and therefore what method of treatment is rational to use.

Allergic diseases of dogs, skin allergies

An allergic reaction is the opposition of the dog’s body to the influence of allergens on it. It is accompanied by the activation of histamine particles, the interaction of which with the blood provokes an inflammatory process. The reasons may be:

  • Harmful food or inhalation of the allergen. Increased incidence of skin diseases in dogs after finding the allergen in the food they eat or in the pollen they breathe.
  • Directly allergens. Pets have contact with them throughout their lives. However, the first encounter does not have negative consequences, while repeated contact can cause inflammation.
  • Medicines. Medication can be bad for your dog’s skin. In particular, penicillin.
  • Parasites. In addition to the obvious discomfort caused by blood-sucking insects to a shaggy friend, their bites can also cause allergies. The disease is well known as summer dermatitis. An allergic reaction can be identified by swelling in the area of ​​the bite.

Allergies are quite unpredictable. Its appearance can be expected both instantly and within a couple of days after interacting with an irritant.

Seborrhea

A common pathology is seborrhea. This is a disease that is expressed in malfunctioning keratinization of the skin. It is clearly seen on the dog’s face, ears, neck and tail. Under the influence of the disease, too many scales are formed, the body begins to itch, emit an unpleasant odor, and the regulation of the sebaceous glands is disrupted.

You can get rid of seborrhea by using a complex of vitamins, corticosteroid drugs and amino acids, steroid hormones. Special soap will help to cope with the smell and reduce flaking.

To quench the pain, relieve the pet from unbearable itching and burning, aloe juice is applied to the inflamed areas. You can prepare it yourself or purchase it at the pharmacy. Medicinal chamomile works by a similar principle. Baths with a decoction of chamomile will have a beneficial effect on the condition of a sick animal and relieve inflammation. Calendula and echinacea are also good.

If the once cheerful and active pet has become lethargic and sickly, refuses favorite food and games, continuously itches and licks itself, it should be immediately shown to the doctor. And it’s better to do everything possible to prevent treatment: proper care, love and care will ensure a long life for the dog.

Peeling skin in dogs

Flaky skin is one of the most common symptoms of various diseases in dogs. Often the owners are worried about it, since keratinized skin particles form dandruff, which, naturally, does not contribute to the better appearance of the animal, and is also not an indicator of its health.

In order to get rid of skin peeling, any veterinarian faces a difficult task, namely, to determine exactly whether the appearance of scales of dead dermis is a secondary factor in relation to the underlying disease (which, as a rule, is one of the types of dermatoses) or is it directly related with a violation of the keratinization process, which may well occur even despite the absence of any health problems in the pet.

Primary defects are usually hereditary and most often appear in dogs at a young age, specifically during the first two years of life. The likelihood that a middle-aged dog will develop primary peeling is extremely low, so if your pet has already reached three or more years, you should think about what disease could cause this symptom.

over, experts say that more than two-thirds of cases of skin peeling are the result of certain diseases and are one of their clinical signs. That is why the veterinarian checks the possibility of primary keratinization only after excluding the possibility of other serious skin diseases.

Diseases that can cause flaky skin in dogs

If your dog has flaky skin, it may indicate that the dog is suffering from some type of dermatosis. These diseases cause precisely the secondary type of peeling. The group of dermatoses can be roughly divided into itchy and non-itchy. However, such a classification of dermatological diseases is not one hundred percent accurate.

Itchy dermatoses include

Pyoderma is a purulent skin lesion characterized by severe itching, peeling, red and yellow blisters, and alopecia. When the bubbles are opened, a strong repulsive odor is heard. With pyoderma, complex treatment is prescribed, including symptomatic therapy, the fight against pathogens and work to restore the normal functioning of the immune system.

Atopy is an allergic reaction of the skin, which in most cases manifests itself seasonally. Clinical signs of atopy include severe itching, flaky skin, occasional sneezing, alopecia, skin hyperpigmentation, and eye redness.

Food allergy is an inadequate response of the body to certain foods. This type of allergy is usually accompanied by itching, redness of certain areas of the skin, rashes, discharge from the eyes and nose, swelling, and sometimes diarrhea. What’s more, long-term allergic reactions are also characterized by skin flaking and an unpleasant odor from the pet’s fur. Treatment involves the elimination of the allergen from the animal’s diet and, in some cases, symptomatic therapy

Dermatitis from flea bites. The most common allergic reaction in dogs. This disease is usually characterized by the following symptoms: severe itching, alopecia, a significant decrease in interest in food, irritability, severe vomiting and flaking of the skin. For effective treatment, it is necessary to get rid of the root cause, namely from parasites on the pet’s body.

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Scabies. Parasitic infestation caused by small mites. Clinical signs of scabies include severe itching, skin blemishes, scaling of the dermis, nervousness, sleep disturbances, decreased appetite and, in some cases, fever. Scabies is quite easy to treat, but it should be started on time.

The absence of itching is usually characterized by diseases such as:

Pemphigus. The general name for a group of autoimmune dermatological diseases, characterized by the appearance of sores and scabs on the skin and fluid-filled vesicles and abscesses. To stabilize the pet’s condition, he is prescribed steroid drugs. In this case, it is better to transfer the dog to a diet and limit the consumption of fatty foods.

Hypothyroidism A disease that occurs due to insufficient production of hormones by the thyroid gland. In this case, the dog has alopecia, dullness of the coat, peeling of the skin, poor wound healing, as well as thickening of the skin. Treatment involves prescribing certain hormonal drugs and a low-fat diet.

Demodectic mange is one of the most common diseases in dogs. It is caused by a special type of mite and is characterized by redness, alopecia, low body temperature, the formation of scales, as well as the appearance of purulent discharge underneath. All therapeutic measures for this disease are aimed at: destruction of the pathogen. elimination of pyoderma, restoration of the immune system, elimination of toxins, as well as restoration of the skin.

If the dog’s skin is peeling, this tendency may be a direct consequence of a pathology in which the body forms too many horny scales. A similar process is explained by a malfunction of the skin glands or epithelium and is hereditary. This group includes:

Seborrhea. An extremely common dermatological disease, the characteristic symptoms of which are increased oily skin and dandruff. The course of general therapy is carried out to control the condition of the animal, since it is almost impossible to cure this disease. Symptomatic therapy involves the use of special cleansing shampoos.

Zinc-dependent dermatosis. this disease in dogs is quite rare and is explained by a serious lack of zinc in the animal’s body. If the disease is at an early stage, the dog’s skin peels off, erythema appears, and some areas of the skin become bald. If the lack of zinc in the body is constant, the body loses its ability to quickly heal injuries, the dog dramatically loses weight, and the cornea of ​​the eye becomes inflamed. The best way to prevent zinc-dependent dermatosis is to include foods high in zinc in your pet’s diet.

Dysplasia of the epidermis. Chronic skin disease in which there is itching, increased dermis oiliness and a sharp thickening of the skin. Most often, West Highland White Terriers suffer from epidermal dysplasia. Treatment of the disease, first of all, involves the elimination of the cause of dysplasia.

Diagnostics

In order to determine why a dog’s skin peels off, it is necessary to carry out a whole range of diagnostic measures. Typically, the veterinarian seeks to develop a complete diagnostic plan. The first thing a specialist pays attention to is the special nature of peeling. If it is dry, the inflammation, in turn, is mild and the itching does not torment the animal too much, most likely you are dealing with dermatophytosis, helminths, demodicosis or pyoderma. If the dog has a fatty type of peeling, characterized by severe inflammation and itching, this most likely indicates pyoderma, allergies or scabies.

How to deal with peeling dog skin?

Based on the above information, it should be clear to every pet owner that it is unlikely that they will be able to cope with the peeling problem on their own. That is why, in this case, a visit to the clinic is simply necessary. If a dog has secondary peeling, that is, if this symptom is due to a skin disease, adequate treatment and correct diagnosis will help to cope with this quite easily. If peeling is primary, that is, it arises as a separate disease, it is much more difficult to cure it, systemic therapy, constant supervision of a specialist and sometimes even lifelong symptomatic treatment will be required.

In general, scaling conditions in dogs are treated before diagnosis is made. This approach should calm the pet owner and significantly alleviate his condition. As a rule, the main efforts of the veterinarian in such cases are directed to the treatment of pyoderma, which often accompanies dermatological diseases. This requires a course of taking antibiotics and certain antibacterial and keratolytic drugs. The first results are usually seen after about a month of active treatment. Symptomatic treatment in such cases can help to correctly diagnose the disease.

The reasons

Most often, peeling dermatitis appears due to:

  • Plague of carnivores is a terrible disease that most often affects puppies. Among other symptoms, it is expressed by a sharp dryness of the skin around the eyes, which begins to crack and itch. Thanks to the ubiquitous vaccination, every year in the civilized regions of the world it is less and less common. However, tens of thousands of animals still die from this virus every year.
  • Flea dermatitis or an allergy to external parasite bites is manifested not only by itching, but also by severe redness and baldness of the head and back. Getting rid of it is easy enough. It is necessary to bathe the animal with a special antiparasitic shampoo, treat it with drops on the withers or spray, give an antihistamine and treat the lesions with a special ointment. In a few days the problem will be solved.
  • Infections due to active multiplication of microorganisms are a secondary symptom of more serious diseases. On the skin of dogs, thousands of various small parasites are constantly present, but the immune system does not allow them to multiply. As soon as it weakens, their population increases uncontrollably and leads to the formation of purulent papules and exfoliation of the upper layers of the skin.
  • Heiletiellosis or a microscopic subcutaneous mite, whose activity leads to the appearance of whole, rapidly balding lesions with severely flaky and itchy skin.
  • Demodectic mange is also an ailment provoked by microscopic mites. It occurs as an independent or as a secondary phenomenon against the background of more serious health problems. It can be determined by the areas of the hardened epidermis, which itch strongly and become covered with sores over time.

The skin of the dog peels off

A huge influence in veterinary medicine is played by the appearance and condition of the skin and coat of the dog. It is from them at first glance that you can understand whether the dog is completely healthy or something is wrong with him.

Such phenomena are not uncommon in the life of any dog, and they do not always mean something serious. This can be due to allergies, stress, too dry indoor air, inadequate food or water. However, it is impossible not to pay attention to this, since in some cases such signs are signs of infection with parasites or a serious illness.

Diagnostics and treatment

Only a doctor in a clinic can determine exactly what is happening with the dog. Therefore, as soon as you notice changes in the epidermis, redness, flaky spots or that the dog is constantly itching, immediately take the pet to a specialized institution.

With such symptoms, the diagnosis is carried out in several stages:

  • Visual examination allows you to determine the nature of the disease by the condition of the skin and the sites of lesion.
  • Blood tests can reveal a lack and excess of certain substances and hormones, and an allergic reaction.
  • Scraping is taken from bald spots if there is a suspicion of infection with microscopic parasites.

After all the test results are on hand, the doctor will be able to accurately diagnose the disease and prescribe treatment based on the specific problem.

In order to temporarily relieve the dog’s suffering, symptomatic drugs are prescribed that relieve itching. All other appointments depend only on the specific diagnosis established.

Prevention

Even such an outwardly not very scary symptom as peeling and flaking of skin flakes can be an indicator of a serious disease, which will take a long and difficult time to recover. To prevent this from happening, it is enough to follow certain preventive measures that can protect the pet from health problems:

  • Complete balanced nutrition suitable for the pet breed. Remember, every dog ​​needs an individual approach. When changing feed, monitor the animal very closely for the first few weeks.
  • Regular preventive treatment for parasites. This rule is especially true for dogs in the warm season. Even if the animal does not leave the apartment, this does not mean that fleas will not be able to get to it.
  • Regular examinations should be carried out at least once every six months. A visit to the veterinarian will help identify diseases early and prevent them from developing into something more serious.
  • Avoid communication between your pet and unknown stray animals and do not visit places where such dogs gather.