Correction of aggressive dog behavior
Boerboel Zara studied for about a year on the site, there she took two training courses. During this time, she did not learn anything useful: the owners fell and could not keep her, the dog did not follow the commands “No”, “Come to me”, could only walk on a leash, rushed at other dogs and people.
The video shows our 3rd lesson. This is the first time we let her off the leash. So she can be emotionally unloaded, on a leash she has a more aggressive mood. Naturally, the dog is already doing well the command “Come to me”.
Dog training and Moscow region. (495) 941-68-97.
First of all, you need to understand that aggression as such is not a sign that something is wrong with the dog, and it must be urgently isolated from society. Aggression helps the animal to survive among its relatives, to achieve the location of the female, to protect itself and its puppies from enemies. Of course, in the conditions of life with a person, a dog does not have to fight every day, but this feeling is inherent in it from the very beginning, and it must find a way out. Before weaning a dog from aggression, make sure you are raising it properly.
Channeling energy into a peaceful channel
To wean a dog from aggression, it is necessary, first of all, to provide it with the opportunity to throw out energy: to run in the street, play with relatives, to gnaw something, and so on. There are breeds of dogs, for example, Chihuahuas, which quite calmly endure a long stay in four walls, but even they can begin to behave inappropriately if you completely stop walking and playing with them. What can we say about the larger breeds of dogs! For example, it is completely pointless to wean a dog like a husky from aggression if you do not walk with it twice a day for one and a half to two hours, do not allow communication with other dogs and do not provide it with a sufficient number of various toys at home. She will arrange real chaos in your apartment, tear the furniture (if she does not get to the cat) and will be very surprised if you decide to punish her for this.
One of the most effective ways to channel energy into a peaceful channel and wean a dog from aggression is to play sports with him. For some, running with obstacles is suitable, for others hunting, it all depends on your preferences and the inclinations of the dog.
Good family relationships
Your dog is a family member to you, and you are her pack to her. The dog can be the leader himself or obey the head of the family, and the third option is hardly possible here.
What to do if your dog is aggressive
No, he speaks in a different way. Now it is not even possible to formulate, describe clearly: by the eyes, by the ears, by the tucked tail. from everything it is clear that this is aggression. He also often hides and protects his toy bones from her husband, but not from me.
No, he speaks differently. Now you can’t even formulate, describe clearly: by the eyes, by the ears, by the tucked tail. from everything it is clear that this is aggression. He also often hides and protects his toy bones from her husband, but not from me.
Then. study. It’s just strange that the dog shows aggression to affection. And there are many dogs, as I call them, rattlers that growl with or without reason, but absolutely not intending to bite, but expressing their emotions, often very positive ones. Or even negative, but this is not a threat, but grumbling, discontent, slightly different things.
It’s just weird that a dog is aggressive to affection.
nothing strange, but very natural.
if the leader of the pack, someone, being much lower in rank, decides to “friendly” pat on the withers,
then the leader may well be offended and express his phi.;)
How to Stop Dog Aggression Towards Family Members | Make a Dog Less Aggressive Towards People
Situations when owners suffer from their own dogs, alas, are not uncommon.
Problems arise, as a rule, in inexperienced owners who have not been able to instill in the dog the proper upbringing at puppyhood. Gradually, a cute puppy turns into a domestic tyrant, and desperate owners in a hurry are looking for ways out of this situation, including rather sad ones.
Dog behavior problems can be corrected without causing tragedy.
Aggression in dogs
The dog shows aggression towards family members
It is necessary to accustom him to the idea that the leader here is you, and not he, is necessary from an early age. Try to follow these simple rules, and then you may not have to wean your dog from aggression:
first people eat, and the dog waits patiently;
the dog should not bite household members, even in the game;
In some cases, aggression cannot be “cured” by increased walking and training, and then you have to resort to the help of professionals. This happens if a serious dog has not been raised since childhood, allowing it to rush at other animals or people, and also if the dog was deliberately taught to be cruel.
If a domestic dog begins to show aggression sharply for no apparent reason, it must be urgently shown to the veterinarian, after having calmed it down, given a treat and put on a muzzle. Perhaps she is worried about severe pain, and she just does not understand what is happening.
Reasons that form a dominant in a dog
- Ignorance of canine instincts, building relationships with a pet, as with a person. an equal member of the family. The animal understands this as the weakness of the owner and its leadership.
- Doubts, insecure behavior of the owner towards the dog, fear of him.
- The misconception is that it is only necessary to educate and train individuals of large breeds that are dangerous to humans. At the same time, from a medium or small dog, you can grow a real aggressor, which no one will be happy about.
Correction of aggression in dogs
When meeting a dog that is showing aggression, it is necessary to behave calmly. Under no circumstances should you allow chaotic movements. Do not touch such a dog and it is best to ignore it.
And what to do if an aggressive dog is YOUR?
Different types of aggression should be distinguished. A dog that is aggressive towards other dogs does not necessarily show aggression towards people, and vice versa.
Often it is about the dominance of the dog. The dog shows this form of aggression in order to take first place among others. Dogs view the family members in which they live as members of their pack. However, by their nature, they do not perceive equality, they build a hierarchy. For them, there is either a dominant or a subordinate position in the pack. Very often in the canine hierarchy, the child or even the owner himself is below the dog. Such a dog seeks to take a leading place only if the owner makes it clear that he accepts it and does not attempt to change the situation.
Another reason when aggression occurs in dogs may be fear. “The best defense is attack.” Dogs are often afraid of cars, drunk people, children, people in uniform. Items such as a broom or mop can also cause fear in a dog. Often these dogs have had some kind of negative experience in their lives. In such situations, the owner wants to calm the dog down. talking to it, stroking it or taking it by the paw. Unfortunately, this reaction of the owner only encourages the dog’s misbehavior.
Territorial aggression in dogs is manifested when they guard their living space. In this way, they want to protect their food, their offspring from potential danger. Since a dog perceives a person as a fellow tribesman, it protects its territory from a “stranger” person, and often from the owner!
Hunter’s aggression is also inherent in the psyche of some dogs.
Reasons Why Your Dog Is Aggressive
a small dog, dressed up like a doll, lies on the sofa. When any of the family members try to sit on the sofa, she grins. First, a barely restrained roar of indignation is emitted from her throat, and then an outright growl, right up to a bite.
- the dog rushes at everyone who, in its opinion, encroaches on the territory;
- amplified with a clear definition of boundaries. if there is a fence, hedge;
- the dog guards any objects. a house plot, a car, etc.;
- there is no aggression if the animal is not on its territory.
Territorial aggression can be nipped in the bud if the dog is still a puppy undergoes a special course on site protection.
Independent adjustment methods are reduced to:
- suppression of barking, growling and throwing at random passers-by;
- taking the pet to a closed room before the visit of the guests, after it is taken out to acquaint with the visitors;
- teaching the animal to react to really dangerous situations and ignore everyday incidents.
Types of aggression in dogs, causes and remedies
The first signs of aggression in dogs are subtle and often ignored by inexperienced owners.
It all starts with disobedience, slightly tougher bites during the game, “checks” of the owner for character.
Unwanted behavior must be nipped in the bud. If the problem is not eliminated in the bud, it will result in anger, which will have to be corrected persistently and for a long time.
- the dog protects a specific person, does not allow other people and animals to approach him;
- the dog stands between the protected object and others;
- the animal reacts sharply to sudden movements, handshakes, hugs.
A characteristic feature of defensive aggression is its absence if the owner is not around.
This type of unwanted behavior is easier to prevent. The measures are:
- socialization of a pet with puppyhood;
- introducing him to adults and children, other animals;
- suppression of malicious behavior towards others.
Appears in bitches during pregnancy and feeding puppies. She will not let people and animals near the corral where the kids are, worry or rush if someone touches the puppies, bark and growl as soon as another person or pet appears on the horizon.
In severe cases, the bitch may crush or eat the puppy. Some tailed mothers start devouring toys.
Maternal aggression cannot be controlled or suppressed. It will disappear by itself when the hormonal background returns to normal. All actions boil down to not provoking a bitch.
- do not take puppies and do not approach them if the bitch is aggressive;
- change bedding, water, clean up in the aviary when the dog is walking or eating;
- give sedatives if recommended by your veterinarian.
Associated with the ancient instinct of dogs. “catch up and kill”. Therefore, it is most pronounced in hunting breeds. The dog begins to chase game (small birds and animals) or moving objects (cars, cyclists, skaters).
This type of bitterness is dangerous. In addition to the risk of a dog getting hit by wheels in pursuit of a car, there is a danger to children.
Sometimes the dog, due to high-pitched sounds and chaotic movements, perceives the baby as prey. He begins to constantly monitor the child, drooling, trying to grab him.
This behavior can only be partially corrected with:
- obedience courses;
- establishing leadership;
- suppression of attempts at pursuit by the commands “fu”, “sit”, “lie down”, “towards me”, at the same time it is necessary to sharply pull on the leash.
General methods of elimination
There are no universal ways to wean a dog from aggression. The owner needs to look for an individual approach in each case, and together with the dog handler.
But there are general tips for correcting behavior:
- identify why anger arose and eliminate its source;
- exclude possible diseases;
- do not beat, humiliate, do not punish the pet and do not shout at him;
- establish leadership;
- encourage kindness and obedience.
Children should be taught the rules of behavior with animals as early as possible. They should treat dogs affectionately, approach and pet them only with the permission of adults.
Separately, there are medicinal methods that can help remove aggression.
The first is taking sedatives. They relieve increased excitability and anxiety, facilitate behavior correction.
The second includes castration. The method is used when the dog shows competitive, social, sexual aggression. over, the method works better with males. their androgen levels drop after the operation.
In bitches, hormone levels are almost unchanged, so sterilization is effective only in heat or false pregnancy.
It is easily identified by the following features:
- when eating, the dog bares his teeth at suitable dogs, cats, people;
- bites when trying to pick up a bowl;
- at the same time growls and greedily swallows food, can drop it;
- sometimes attacks of food aggression appear if the dog receives a special treat.
It develops quite often due to indulgence in food habits: feeding from the table, frequent undeserved treats, encouraging begging. Also, food aggression appears if the animal eats before or at the same time with family members.
- give the command “sit” before feeding;
- put a bowl in front of the dog and command “wait”;
- to pause and allow to eat with the command “you can”;
- interrupt the meal with the commands “fu”, “no”, “wait”, wait a little and again allow to eat;
- repeat several times.
Driven by fear and pain
It is inherent in weak, cowardly, insecure animals. It can occur during or after an anticipated situation. for example, when visiting a veterinary clinic or when children or adults who have previously offended the dog are approaching.
- growling and grinning, the dog’s attempts to grab his hands with his teeth, at the same time he turns over on his back;
- the desire to run away, hide in a corner;
It is important to calm your pet right away. If the dog is cornered or threatened, he will pounce.
Removing fear is difficult, sometimes impossible. To rectify the situation, you must:
- socialize the dog;
- as often as possible find yourself in situations that the animal perceives as threatening, but make sure that nothing dangerous happens;
- at the first sign of anxiety, calm the dog, switch his attention, give treats or toys.
Ways to prevent and correct the dominant behavior of the dog
As with any problem, dominant aggression is easier to prevent than to fix. Prevention of dominance is especially important when raising dogs of large breeds, as well as males and bitches, who are prone to fighting for the place of “leader” due to their temperament. Nevertheless, even a tiny Chihuahua, with the wrong upbringing, can become a real tyrant, no less dangerous than a pit bull or a Caucasian shepherd dog. In fact, the phrase “dominant dog breeds” is meaningless. most often we ourselves make out of sane animals uncontrollable monsters.
How to become a “leader” for a dog? Consider the areas of puppy-owner interaction in which you can demonstrate leadership to the dog.
Place to rest and sleep: the dog should have its own clearly defined place in the house (it is better that it was not an ordinary rag-bedding, but a comfortable bed for dogs), and from early childhood be accustomed to return and stay on it at the command “Place ! “. Many owners allow their dogs to lie wherever they want. This is not a problem if in general the dog behaves obediently and does not show a strong desire to dominate, but in case of difficulties with dominant aggression, it is necessary to categorically suppress all attempts of the dog to perch in the place that belongs to the leader, that is, you. It is also useful to periodically sit in the dog’s place for a while, first driving it out of there. Also, the dog can show dominant behavior in this way: it simply lies down across the corridor or in the doorway and does not give way when it is necessary to walk past it. In order to demonstrate the behavior of the leader in this situation, you do not need to go around or step over the dog. just push it out of the way. Growling? So there is a problem with dominance).
Food: Train the dominant dog to start eating only on the command “You can!” This is how you consolidate your leadership position. If your puppy is trying to defend the food by keeping you out of the bowl, try feeding him holding the bowl with your hand. Then say “No” and take the bowl, then put it back and do not allow to touch the food before the command “You can” sounds.
Play: To avoid the dog showing signs of dominance, follow a few simple rules:
1) the owner, not the dog, starts and ends the game;
2) toys must be given to the owner unquestioningly;
3) if you play tug-of-war with the dog. in no case give the toy if it starts to growl and show aggression: this will reinforce the idea in the dog’s mind that it is worth roaring. and he will get what he wants.
Weasel: it is unacceptable to caress the dog excessively, or to “comfort” the dog in any way in the event of undesirable behavior, for example, aggression, cowardice or hysteria. Weasel should be dosed out and mainly as a reward for good behavior. It is difficult for humans to believe this, but setting clear boundaries and tough, reasonable discipline makes a dog happier than continuous whispers and vague rules of behavior that do not give him a clear idea of the hierarchy in the pack.
Walking: dominant walking behavior is most often manifested in unwillingness to approach on command, as well as growling, barking and aggression towards people and animals without the permission of the owner. Many intelligent dogs, to consolidate their dominant position, use the trick with “sudden deafness” or when giving the command “Come to me!” sit down in the bushes “on business”, which gives them an “iron alibi” and the opportunity not to carry out the command. Such behavior is “treated” by methodical daily practice of the commands “Come to me!”, “Nearby”, “You cannot”, “Sit”, “Lie down”. Walking can also be used to release excess energy from the dominant pet: a dog that has spent a couple of hours working on the site or after an intense run will not have much strength left for the battle for leadership at home.
Hygiene procedures: it is necessary to accustom the puppy as early as possible to the fact that the owner can do whatever he wants with him (within the framework of common sense, of course). The dog should unquestioningly allow cutting its nails and fur, washing its paws, examining its teeth, cleaning its ears, not resisting when it is necessary to give an injection or carry out other unpleasant medical manipulations. This not only reinforces the owner‘s leadership, but can also save your dog’s life in an emergency.
Obedience training, command execution: in addition to the obvious practical benefits of teaching commands, training as a form of interaction between a dog and a person in itself helps to avoid the dominant behavior of the pet, since in the process of working out commands, the dog learns to FOLLOW the owner’s orders, that is, to get used to obedience and obedience. Also, with the help of commands, you can suppress unwanted forms of behavior: for example, it will be quite difficult for a dog who has been commanded to lie down to rush at passing cyclists in this position. Regardless of what breed your dog is and how small and harmless it is, do not neglect teaching basic OKD commands. this will greatly facilitate life in the future for the dog, for yourself, and for those around you.
Dominant Aggression in Dogs: Causes and Correction of Aggressive Behavior
Demonstrative non-observance of commands, barking, growling and attack on people and other animals, inadequate “protection” of food, bowls, toys and one’s place, expression of displeasure or resistance when cutting, bathing and other hygiene procedures, “sudden deafness” while walking when prompted to the owner. this is just an incomplete list of problems faced by owners of dogs showing dominant aggression. When faced with this behavior for the first time, most owners feel confused and angry. As a rule, a dog’s aggression is perceived as a surprise, and when talking about their problem, people often use the words “suddenly”, “out of the blue”, “for no reason”.
However, even if it seems to you that the dog bites, growls, attacks the owner, rushes at other people, dogs and cats for no apparent reason, in fact, the reasons for the dog’s dominant behavior always exist, and most often these are the owner‘s mistakes made long ago. before the dog first showed aggression and disobedience. In other words, the dominant behavior of the dog is those “flowers” that grow from the “seeds” sown by the owner, who has a wrong idea of what a healthy relationship with a dog is.
Fortunately, in most cases, dog dominance and associated aggression can be corrected and corrected. However, it is much easier to prevent dominant aggression in a dog. This requires, first of all, to understand the essence and roots of the problem itself.
Important! Before you start correcting aggressive dominant behavior, make sure that the aggression in the dog is not caused by any other reasons: physical ailments, fears, changes in the environment and the family where the dog lives. To exclude these factors, take the dog for examination to a veterinary clinic and consult with a specialist dog handler.
Examples of dominant dog behavior:
As mentioned above, dominant behavior is the behavior of a leader who makes decisions himself, who leads the whole flock, who gets all the best! As a rule, different dogs show different signs of dominance, but in general terms, the behavior of the leader manifests itself as follows:
Also, there are often cases when there is no problem with obedience to the owner, but the dog growls at the child and other family members. Most likely, she recognizes the leader in the owner, but considers herself “the second person in the state.” It is unacceptable for a dog to consider someone in the family “lower” of itself.
How to reeducate a dominant dog, what to do if the dog shows aggression
When dealing with a dominant individual, you must, first of all, adequately assess your own strength. Sometimes it happens that the dog simply has a higher level of energy and inner strength than its owner. In this case, the latter is unlikely to be able to convince the dog of his leadership. Remember. it is better not to enter into confrontation and open conflict with the dog if you are not sure that you can win. Do not compete with your dog in what it is really stronger than you (for example, in the strength of the jaws and speed of running). Choose areas for pressure in which you can fully maintain control: first of all, it is food, affection, attention in order to reward the desired behavior (and deprivation of all this in case of disobedience). Punishment by restricting the dog’s freedom with a leash, muzzle, strict collar, or crate if it tries to impose its behavior also works well. If “soft” methods do not help, you can apply a physical effect to the dog: grab it firmly by the scruff (you can even lift it into the air, if the size allows it) and rub it well. In some cases, a bite to the withers helps. this is how the “leader” puts other members of the pack in place. In no case do not retreat despite growling and resistance until the dog assumes a “submission posture”. the tail is drawn in, the growling is stopped, the dog fins, sometimes even lies on its back with its belly up. If, in the course of sorting out the relationship with the dog in response to its resistance, growls and bites, the owner retreats (even going into another room for some object to punish the dog can be taken as a retreat). thus he only once again convinces the dog that that she is the leader. That is why it is necessary to sensibly assess your strengths, choosing a way to influence the dominant dog.
If the dog’s energy level significantly exceeds the owner‘s strength, the best solution for both is separation. However, in most cases, it is quite possible to cope with dominant behavior.
What is the reason for the dominant behavior of the dog
Domestic dogs, having lost quite a lot of the qualities of their wild fellows, nevertheless, remained pack animals, only now the families where they live are becoming their flocks. The dominant behavior of a dog is based on its ideas about the hierarchy in this pack and its own status in it. And if the ideas of “equality and brotherhood” are quite acceptable for a person, then the dog is distinguished by strictly hierarchical thinking. In order to feel confident and protected, it is vitally important for the dog to know what place in the hierarchy of the pack it occupies and who is the “leader”. And she has only two ways to find out: either the owner determines the place of the dog in the pack, or she will determine it herself. Guess what place the dog will try to occupy itself, if it has such an opportunity? Of course, the place of the leader, who decides for himself when and what to eat, where to sleep, how to behave with strangers, etc. Thus, dominance is the behavior of the leader, and it does not necessarily mean it is expressed in open aggression.
Most often, the first manifestations of this behavior are quite harmless, and that is why the owners ignore them, preparing the ground for serious collisions with the dominant dog in the future. As already mentioned, “dominance”, “dominant behavior” often does not give the impression of being aggressive. In contrast, aggression is the attack of a dog in order to defend its dominant position. These include growls, bites, defiance, and escapes. A dog shows aggression when, through an oversight and inattention of the owner, it ALREADY decided that it occupies a dominant position in the pack, and the owner and other family members, in the dog’s opinion, are trying to challenge this position. Thus, it is necessary to separate the concept of “dominance” and “dominant aggression” of the dog. In order to prevent manifestations of dominant aggression, it is necessary from the first days of the puppy’s appearance in the house to suppress any manifestations of dominant behavior, no matter how harmless and even cute they may seem to you.
Algorithm for correcting aggressive behavior
Determine how your dog is exhibiting dominant behavior. You can even make a list, for example:
-does not allow you to take your bowl while eating;
-on a walk he misses the command “Come to me”;
The next point is rather difficult. You need to observe your behavior, and understand what actions contribute to the fact that the dog does not recognize you as a leader. Here, too, you can make a list, for example:
-if the dog does not approach me, I repeat the command many times, or simply ignore its behavior, agreeing that it does not listen to the command;
-I praise the dog just like that, even if she just did something bad.
Ask other family members and friends for their perspective on what you are doing wrong with your dominant dog.
Write down how you plan to change your behavior in relation to each manifestation of the dog’s dominant behavior:
-I will start practicing commands with the dog that it does not follow;
-I will stop giving the dog pieces from the table and feeding him first;
-I will punish the dog when dominant aggression is shown and not back down when growling and other manifestations of discontent on its part.
Start working with the dog as soon as possible according to the chosen scheme. Practice the commands methodically and consistently and stop all attempts of the dog to dominate. Explain to loved ones that the dog has problems with dominant aggression, and ask them not to reward it. If you find it difficult to isolate your mistakes on your own, seek help from an instructor who will help you develop the correct line of behavior. There is also a wealth of literature available today on dog training and behavioral management to help you address aggressive dog dominance problems. Remember. in order for something to change in the behavior of the dog, first of all, it is necessary to change the behavior of its owner.
Why is the dog showing aggression??
And what is this seemingly indecent behavior in a decent society for? I will reveal a terrible secret: each of us is alive only because each of our ancestors could be aggressive when needed. The fact is that aggression is a way to satisfy any need that is currently of increased importance for an animal in the presence of an obstacle. usually in the form of a rival, competitor or enemy.
Imagine yourself as a dog and imagine that you are walking, all so thoroughbred and beautiful, but nevertheless hungry as a wolf, along the path. And suddenly you see: there is a meat gruel of extraordinary appetizing and attractiveness, and this gruel can save you from starvation. And you are heading at a dancing trot to this moslu in order to carry out peaceful food-gathering and not interfering with anyone. But then something dirty and in mats falls out of the bushes and makes its claims to the possession of almost your broom. And you perfectly understand that if you give up the bone and meat, you will die and your grandchildren will not walk on the earth.
But it is dangerous to immediately jump into a fight, especially since it looks like “something in the mats” is large and ferocious. In a fight, you can get injured, and sometimes serious and not always compatible with life. Therefore, for a start, you turn on the mechanism of demonstrative aggression in the struggle for your mosol. If your opponent gets scared and retreats, then this will be the end of it: you will remain whole, unharmed and well-fed and generally remain on the ground. And if the opponent is not one of the fearful ten and begins to threaten himself, then you will have to either yield, or turn on the mechanism of physical aggression.
Suppose when you rushed at the one with the tangles and bit him in the paw, he turned around and ran away. You are a winner! Now you will not starve to death and your brave genes will be proudly worn by your grandchildren! This is an example of food aggression.
Most of the aggressive behavior is more like a tournament fight with blunt spears. This is ritualized or imaginary aggression. Its goal is not to kill the opponent, the goal is to suppress his claims and get out of the way.
But there are two types of aggressive behavior, in which the goal is just to inflict damage, as they say, “incompatible with life.” This is hunting aggression, it is also called true or predatory aggression, which is noted when killing an animal that is food. And also in a critical situation of defensive behavior, when you are about to be killed, mistaking, for example, for the same food animal.
Why a dog can get aggressive?
dog trainer, candidate of veterinary sciences
The dog suddenly began to rush at people on the street, growl at the household, and its behavior simply changed. Why? Where did aggression come from and how you can fight it?
It is believed that the domestic term “aggression” originated from the Latin word aggredi, which means to attack, and from the French aggressif, which characterizes the subject as an attacker and belligerent.
So, under aggressive, i.e. attacking or militant behavior means a specific combination of demonstrative (demonstrative aggression) and physical actions (physical aggression) aimed at representatives of one’s own (intraspecific aggression) or another (interspecific aggression) animal species, less often at inanimate objects (redirected or displaced aggression).
What is aggression?
Demonstrative aggression is called non-contact aggression. a kind of intimidating and warning behavior. In fact, if the opponent is scared, he can chicken out and retreat, then you won’t have to fight.
A self-confident dog usually shows demonstrative aggression in the following way: the tail is tense (it is raised, the hair on it is tousled), but it can shake or wiggle; the scruff of the neck (sometimes the sacrum) is bristled; the ears are raised and directed forward, vertical folds may appear on the forehead, the nose is wrinkled, the mouth is slightly open and bared so that the teeth and gums are visible, the paws are straightened and tense, the look is straight and cold.
The demonstrative aggression of an insecure dog is not so much frightening as warning behavior: if the dog is standing, then it crouches a little, its legs are bent, the tail is drawn in, but it can wiggle; the scruff of the neck is bristled, the ears are laid back, the pupils are dilated; the mouth is bared, but not wide open, so that teeth can be visible, the corner of the mouth is directed back and down.
With demonstrative aggression, dogs often growl or growl with flaking, and can also lunges towards the opponent and immediately step back.
“Why is my dog SUDDENLY aggressive towards me?” – Dog Trainer Explains
If the task cannot be solved with the help of demonstrative aggression, the dogs move from “words to deeds”, that is, to physical aggression.
Often, physical aggression begins with a push with the shoulder, an attempt to put the front paws on the opponent’s withers or put his muzzle on him. If the opponent does not take the posture of submission and does not stop resistance, use a mouth armed with teeth.
However, dogs are well aware that teeth are a “cold stabbing weapon” and use them following some rules. To begin with, they can simply strike with their teeth, and then. incrementally. grab, squeeze and release, bite, seriously bite, bite and jerk, grab and swing from side to side.
Often a “scary” dog brawl goes without injury at all.
Why does a dog get aggressive??
Aggressive behavior is, of course, genetically determined. That is, the more genes that are irresponsible for aggression, the more aggressive the animal is. And this is actually the case. As you know, there are dog breeds, among which the number of aggressively behaving individuals is greater than among individuals of other breeds. Such breeds were specially bred for this. However, there may be animals with increased aggressiveness and not specially bred, but as a result of some closely related breeding. And, of course, there are all kinds of them. The tendency to aggression and its severity are extremely individual, and among dogs of any breed, antisocial muzzles can be found.
However, the likelihood of manifestation of aggressive behavior is determined by the upbringing and conditions of interaction of family members with the dog. Of great importance is the threshold of aggressive behavior, that is, that time, that set of information, signals, stimuli and stimuli that tell the dog that the time has come to turn on the mechanism of physical aggression. And he is quite objective, and therefore the world is not as aggressive as it could theoretically be.
On the other hand, this threshold also depends on the subjective significance (importance) for the animal of the need that is being prevented from being satisfied. And that’s why there are dogs that “get turned on” where other dogs behave calmly or are limited to demonstrative aggression. For example, some dogs may overestimate the danger they face and quickly turn on defensive aggression, or overestimate the likelihood of starvation and immediately begin to defend the bowl of food from the owner who just put it in.
Conditioned aggression is also distinguished, formed by the mechanism of the classical conditioned reflex. Previously, such an aggression was launched by the Fas! Command. At home, it is often formed according to this scenario. The owner catches the puppy for unseemly behavior and after the phrase “Now I will punish!” slaps him painfully. A year later, having gained strength, the young dog, in response to this phrase, no longer responds with signals of obedience and reconciliation, but with demonstrative aggressive behavior, or even attacks the owner.
And in general, if you often spank your dog, he begins to think that this is a normal form of communication in your family, and begins to spank you. And she can only spank with her fangs. Consider this.
And further. The dog is more likely to show aggression towards a person whom he does not consider has the right to control his behavior, limit it or correct it. Previously, in order to exclude aggressive behavior of the dog towards himself, the owner was recommended to become a “dominant” subject in relation to the dog. It is now recommended to become a “respected” dog family member or “loyal partner”.
Often, a dog begins to behave aggressively when it is forced to do something that it does not want to do at the moment, or when it is prevented from doing something that it really wants to do. When they hurt her, when they take away what is important to her, or she decides that they can encroach on it, and begins to guard it. But, probably, all the cases cannot be enumerated, because it was not for nothing that the great Tolstoy used to say that all unhappy families are unhappy in their own way.
The main reasons for dog aggression towards other dogs
The main reasons for the dog’s aggression towards other dogs are the lack of necessary physical activity, the influence of the conditions of a densely populated metropolis and insufficient provision of the dog with new information.
Many owners walk their pets no more than 20-30 minutes a day; dogs do not have the opportunity to completely throw out the energy accumulated during the day. In a densely populated metropolis with a large number of dogs and an acute shortage of places to walk them, the stress experienced by the dog can be the reason why the dog behaves aggressively.
Insufficient provision of the dog with new information and “quarantine” conditions of education and training (overexposure in isolation under conditions of vaccination quarantine) increase nervous tension. A puppy in such an environment slowly socializes, does not communicate with other dogs.
Aggressive Behavior: Why Your Dog Is Aggressive
Not unimportant factors, why the dog behaves aggressively, may be insufficiently harsh punishment of the dog (weak jerk with a leash, quiet forbidding command, deprivation of food) or, conversely, too severe physical punishment for the manifestation of aggression (as a rule, the dog becomes even more aggressive).
What is the essence of a dog fight? This is a solution to the problem in the relationship of dogs, simultaneously claiming a higher rank, each of which strives to become a leader. Sometimes a younger dog challenges another to be the leader. If you let the dogs figure it out, sometimes just one, even a short skirmish, is enough. When a dog that has just confirmed its status is punished and isolated, the rank of the defeated dog rises, so in the future, the fight between them will definitely repeat itself. The less the owners interfere, the faster everything is solved (but only on the condition that both dogs do not have the same rank). In dogs with the same rank, the fights will not stop, and each time they will become more serious. The solution to the problem is the refusal of joint walks and the prevention of possible meetings.
What to do if your dog is aggressive
The dog is often aggressive towards other dogs. unfortunately, this is quite common. It is necessary to suppress such behavior in the bud, because in a densely populated city, aggressive behavior of a dog can cause fear in others, especially in children. And for the dog itself, aggression towards other dogs is fraught with negative consequences in the form of battle wounds and stress on the owner.
Below we will tell you about the reasons why a dog is aggressive, how to deal with dog aggression and how to wean a dog from aggression in all its manifestations.
Why a dog can be aggressive
There are several other reasons why a dog is aggressive:
- short-term illness of the dog or any serious illness;
- features of the character of the dog (desire to dominate);
- gaps and shortcomings in the education and training of the dog;
- unconscious encouragement of the dog’s aggressive behavior;
- the accumulation of combat experience by the dog after each successful fight;
- injuries and fright (unsuccessful fighting experience) received by the dog during fights.
How to deal with dog aggression and how to wean a dog from aggression
If you do not know what to do if the dog is aggressive, take just seven steps, and you will be able to re-educate the dog and rid him of aggression.
Show the dog to the veterinarian to check for any ailments and diseases.
Try to become a leader for the dog: prohibit the first to enter the room, go down or go up the stairs; do not throw handouts during lunch; never respond to a dog’s request to play or pet it; limit it in your favorite habits and activities: forbid sleeping on beds, sofas and armchairs.
Be sure to engage in dog obedience training under the guidance of an experienced canine teacher.
During moments of aggression, do not calm the dog down with treats, stroking or playing.
Until you are fully confident in the adequate behavior of the dog, try to walk it on a long leash away from annoying objects.
Extend your walking time to 1-1.5 hours.
Never physically punish a dog for showing aggression, try to offer it a more beneficial behavior (switch attention to another object, take away from the source of trouble).