home Dogs The dog is lethargic and shaking what to do

The dog is lethargic and shaking what to do

Hormonal and nutritional problems

The reasons for the tremor of pets can lie in hormonal disruptions in the body of the animal: during estrus in females and rutting, males increase excitability. The problem is resolved with the end of this period, and if desired, you can eliminate it by castration.

Often, animals whose diet has changed or are taking medications have an allergic reaction to new foods and medications, which can also cause tremors. Poisoning also causes such a reaction, which, in addition to tremors, is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, apathy, and lethargy.

Foods or drugs that cause similar phenomena should be excluded from the diet, and if necessary, give antihistamines and show the animal to the veterinarian.

Why the dog is shaking and sluggish at the same time

The owner, carefully observing his four-legged pet, can easily notice if the dog is trembling and sluggish. It can be caused by common physiological causes, such as cold or stress, or more serious, concomitant diseases. In the first case, the symptoms disappear after eliminating their source, but the second case requires more careful monitoring of the pet, and in some cases even contacting the veterinarian.

lethargic, shaking

Physiological causes

Shivering in a dog can be caused by the animal being frozen. Frequent tremors (tremors) are especially common in small decorative dogs: Chihuahuas, Italian Greyhounds, Yorkshire Terriers and Spitz. The reasons are simple. it’s a natural reaction to cold. The body of these dogs is too small, and in order to keep warm, it is necessary to accelerate the blood flow, and shaking helps to avoid excessive hypothermia.

In this situation, it is necessary to take care of warm clothes for the pet, which they put on before going out. In late autumn, winter, early spring, while walking, it is best to use an insulated overalls, sweater, blanket, and the like. If it is cold in the house, you need to turn on the heater, and insulate the dog’s bed with a blanket or a thin mattress. A dog that gets wet in the rain should be dried with a hairdryer and covered with a blanket. On a trip or a long walk, a frozen animal can be picked up and hugged.

Dogs shaking with fear or under stress are also not uncommon. The reasons for the failure of the psychoemotional state of the pet may lie in fear in front of a larger relative or excitement associated with the punishment for offense, natural phenomena (thunder, lightning). Such fears are especially characteristic of small dogs and puppies. If the puppy has his tail between his legs and is shaking with a small shiver, most likely, he is scared of something or someone, or is afraid of punishment. Positive emotions can also cause tremors with excitement in anticipation of a game or treat.

In such cases, it is important to calm the dog down by stroking and speaking calmly. If possible, you should try to protect your pet from unnecessary anxiety or use mild sedatives.

When a visit to the vet is needed

Why does the dog shake, eat nothing, set his tail between his legs, lethargic and apathetic? Most likely, the reason lies in a viral disease. This can be: parvovirus enteritis, adenovirus, panleukopenia (plague), infectious hepatitis, leptospirosis, and the like. These are very dangerous situations when the animal must be examined by a veterinarian and timely treatment is prescribed.

A helminthic infestation or tick bite is a common cause of tremors and lethargy in dogs. If the owner noticed that the limbs were shaking for several days, you should carefully examine the animal for a tick and do tests for the presence of parasites.

Frequent shaking limbs and tremors throughout the body are associated with the pain experienced by the animal. In older dogs, the hind legs shake with rheumatic pains. The animal may have been injured or bitten while walking. In such cases, the dog usually whines, lies down on the ground and does not want to move. Needs a thorough examination at the veterinary clinic or at home.

In small dogs, hypoglycemia (a lack of sugar in the blood) is a fairly common cause of shaking and lethargy. Shivering of the pelvic limbs is most often noted. It is necessary to contact a veterinary clinic for tests. A disease detected in time is treated with glucose injections.

Shivering dogs can be caused by certain internal diseases:

5 Reasons Your Pet is Lethargic (and When to Worry)

  • Pneumonia. The dog is shaking violently, there is a wet cough, high fever.
  • Diseases of the cardiovascular system. Trembling, shortness of breath, dry cough, lethargy, fatigue.
  • Nervous diseases. Agitation, trembling, bowel upset, loss of appetite.
  • Thyroid dysfunction (hypothyroidism). Lethargy, lethargy, and trembling are some of the symptoms of a lack of essential hormones.
  • Hypokalemia. Muscle weakness, cramps and pain are noted.

All these diseases require a thorough examination of the animal by a veterinarian, blood donation for biochemical analysis and the appointment of the necessary treatment. Depending on the identified problems, specific therapy is carried out, treatment of viral infections, renal failure, spine, removal of tumors and hernias, and the like. Physical activity is contraindicated for a sick pet and a balanced diet is recommended.

Other reasons

The appearance of tremors can be associated with other reasons, including:

  • Allergic reaction. manifests itself against the background of switching to another diet, the use of drugs and is accompanied by itching, sometimes rashes.
  • Food poisoning or toxicity. manifested in the form of apathy, weakness, vomiting, diarrhea, chills, sometimes increased thirst, convulsions.
  • Heatstroke. the dog not only shivers on a hot day, but also becomes lethargic, sometimes rapid breathing appears.
  • Pain. manifests itself in the form of tremors throughout the body or in the place of localization of pain, while the pet whines. This behavior can be associated with trauma, rheumatic pain, abdominal pain or more serious medical conditions, up to and including cancer.
  • Side effect of vaccination. accompanied by severe tremors, lack of appetite and weakness.
  • Postoperative condition. the appearance of tremors may be due to the inability of the body to normal thermoregulation, an increase in temperature against the background of the development of an infection, or a reaction to certain medications.

Physiological causes

The main distinguishing feature of these factors is that a symptom such as tremors disappears almost immediately after the source of its provoking is eliminated. These include:

  • Stressful situations (for example, while waiting for punishment or after it).
  • Hypothermia, which can be caused both by walking in low air temperatures and at home, for example, after swimming.
  • Fear (the appearance of obvious sources of danger in the field of view, in the case of loud sounds, etc.).
  • Intense excitement associated with positive emotions. Some pets begin to tremble in anticipation of receiving a favorite treat or meeting with the owner after a long separation and even in a dream if they dream of something pleasant.
  • Hormonal surge. This is especially true for males, in which, at the sight of an attractive individual of the opposite sex, a strong overexcitation appears.
  • An attempt to attract the attention of the owner. In this case, trembling can be compared to wagging the tail. A similar expression of emotions is inherent in breeds in which the tail is usually docked (Rottweilers, Boxers, etc.).

But if the dog is trembling as if it has a chill, and the above “conditions” are absent, this is a reason to take a closer look at your pet and perhaps even go to the veterinarian.

Why the dog is trembling: reasons and what to do

An attentive owner always observes his pet, so he sees any changes in his behavior, for example, he begins to tremble. This may be due to physiological reasons or pathological conditions associated with various diseases. But it is worth noting that if a Yorkie, Chihuahua, Pomeranian or other representative of small breeds is shaking, this is in most cases a variant of the norm that should not cause concern to the owner. In this way, they often express fear and may also curl their paws, ears and tail at the same time, squeal and even urinate involuntarily.

For owners of pets of other breeds, you should also not immediately sound the alarm, but try to figure out the reasons and exclude the most harmless options.

Viral diseases

In pets that have not been vaccinated, tremors can cause one of the viral diseases. The most dangerous of them are:

  • Viral hepatitis (young individuals under one year old are most susceptible). affects the eye cornea, liver and kidneys. In addition to tremors, it is accompanied by impaired coordination, paralysis and other manifestations of disturbances in the functioning of the nervous system.
  • Encephalomyelitis (develops in dogs at 5-8 years of age). causes impaired coordination of movements, frequent falls due to weakness of the limbs, and if left untreated, it ends in complete paralysis.
  • Parovirus enteritis (puppies up to 4 months of age are most susceptible, but also occurs in older dogs). accompanied by possible tremors, refusal to drink and eat, prolonged vomiting. It is important to start treatment in the first 4 days after the lesion, otherwise the probability of death is very high.
  • Adenovirosis. accompanied by the appearance of tremors, coughing and fever. Competent treatment allows you to get rid of the disease in 1.5-2 weeks, but for several months the pet will be infectious to other animals.
  • Plague of carnivores. provokes inflammatory processes in the brain, liver and kidneys. In addition to trembling, there is an increase in body temperature, the appearance of discharge from the nose and eyes, vomiting and diarrhea, photophobia, difficulty breathing. The disease can last from several weeks to several months and result in both successful recovery and death.

Pathological causes

If the dog starts to tremble even at home for no apparent reason, it is necessary to assess the general condition of the dog and assess the presence of other negative symptoms (fever, poor appetite, diarrhea, etc.). This behavior can be a signal of the development of diseases or other pathological conditions.

Parasitic diseases

Infection of the pet’s body with parasites is also sometimes accompanied by the appearance of a typical tremor as one of the symptoms. These include:

  • Helminthic invasion. indicates an infection of the body with helminths and may be accompanied by the appearance of tremors when trying to defecate.
  • Dirofilariasis is caused by dirofilariae, which, after entering the body, migrate to the heart of the animal, and in the process of this path, sometimes uncontrolled tremors appear. The disease is accompanied by the appearance of edema and dropsies due to impaired blood circulation, dry frequent cough and apathetic behavior.
  • Piroplasmosis. causes blood poisoning due to a tick bite. The disease is accompanied by heavy breathing, loss of balance, trembling and brown urine staining.

Diseases of internal organs and metabolic disorders

Trembling, along with other symptoms, may indicate disturbances in the work of the internal systems of the body. Among them:

  • Hypoglycemia (more common in small dogs). accompanied by uncontrollable tremors, loss of energy and lethargy. If detected early, hypoglycemia is successfully cured, otherwise it causes paralysis of the limbs and further death.
  • Hypothyroidism (deficiency of thyroid hormones). accompanied not only by tremors, but also by weakness, a decrease in body temperature.
  • Heart disease (heart failure, myocarditis). manifested in the form of tachycardia (irregular heartbeat), tremors, frequent bowel movements and other symptoms.
  • Spinal cord inflammation. accompanied by tremors, gait changes, and paralysis of the limbs.
  • Eclampsia. appears in dogs during pregnancy and lactation with a significant drop in the level of calcium in the body, as a result of which the functioning of the nervous system is disrupted and the tremor subsequently develops into convulsions. Sometimes vomiting, fever, and shortness of breath.
READ  How to cook chicken stomachs for a dog

What to do

If the tremor is due to physiological reasons, it is enough to eliminate their influence:

  • Wear warm clothes for walking in the cold season or limit their duration.
  • Dry the coat thoroughly after bathing, perhaps even using a hair dryer.
  • Protect the dog from stressful situations, and in case of strong feelings, use tea with a calming effect.

Important! If, during a walk or immediately after returning, the muscles of the limbs began to twitch significantly and sharply, this is one of the symptoms of strychnine poisoning. In this case, it is important to get the dog to the doctor as quickly as possible, since only emergency measures will save the pet’s life.

If the trembling lasts for a long time, in order to establish the cause of this phenomenon, you should consult with a veterinarian, undergo the necessary examinations and tests. Only after this will the veterinarian determine the cause and prescribe the appropriate treatment:

  • For allergic reactions: elimination of allergens and antihistamines.
  • With helminthic invasions: deworming with special drugs, limiting contact with a person until cure, since the worms are transmitted to him.
  • With hypoglycemia: glucose injections, but in advanced cases, more serious treatment is required.
  • For spinal cord inflammation: antibiotics with novocaine, compresses, massages.
  • For adenovirus: antibiotics, amoxicillin, mucolytic drugs to relieve cough.
  • With paraviral enteritis: immunoglobulins and immunomodulators, hyperimmune serum, water-salt solutions.
  • For viral hepatitis: immunostimulants, hyperimmune serum and vitamins.
  • For piroplasmosis: injections with antiviral vaccines, maintenance treatment.
  • With pain syndromes: if the injury or wound is insignificant, the dog is able to lick the wound itself, and the owner only needs to make sure that there is no suppuration. In case of serious injuries or the absence of external damage, it is worth contacting a doctor for prescribing treatment.

The main thing is not to postpone a visit to a specialist for a long time, since the detection of a disease at an early stage is usually easy to treat, whereas for advanced forms, long-term treatment is required, and its outcome is not always favorable.

You can also ask a question to the in-house veterinarian of our website, who will answer them as soon as possible in the comment box below.

Why the dog is shaking and sluggish at the same time

The owner, carefully observing his four-legged pet, can easily notice if the dog is trembling and sluggish. It can be caused by common physiological causes, such as cold or stress, or more serious, concomitant diseases. In the first case, the symptoms disappear after eliminating their source, but the second case requires more careful monitoring of the pet, and in some cases even contacting the veterinarian.


Certain parasitic diseases cause tremors in the dog. Such diseases include helminthiasis, dirofilariasis, babesiosis. Use an antiparasitic medication regularly to prevent your dog from getting parasites.

Pathological causes

Many owners wonder why the dog is shaking as if it has chills, but there are no apparent reasons listed above. In this case, take a closer look at your pet, evaluate its general condition. A dog can tremble due to pathological processes that occur in its body. We list the main pathological causes of tremors in an animal.

Diseases of internal organs and metabolic disorders

Trembling, along with other symptoms, may indicate disturbances in the work of the internal systems of the body. Among them:

  • Hypoglycemia (more common in small dogs). accompanied by uncontrollable tremors, loss of energy and lethargy. If detected early, hypoglycemia is successfully cured, otherwise it causes paralysis of the limbs and further death.
  • Hypothyroidism (deficiency of thyroid hormones). accompanied not only by tremors, but also by weakness, a decrease in body temperature.
  • Heart disease (heart failure, myocarditis). manifested in the form of tachycardia (irregular heartbeat), tremors, frequent bowel movements and other symptoms.
  • Spinal cord inflammation. accompanied by tremors, gait changes, and paralysis of the limbs.
  • Eclampsia. appears in dogs during pregnancy and lactation with a significant drop in the level of calcium in the body, as a result of which the functioning of the nervous system is disrupted and the tremor subsequently develops into convulsions. Sometimes vomiting, fever, and shortness of breath.

Emotions: excitement, excitement, fear

Trembling for no reason rarely occurs, more often the problem is associated with certain factors:

  • a stressful situation. the dog hides after punishment or while waiting for an unpleasant educational process;
  • fear. loud noises, noise, the appearance of a potential danger in the field of vision;
  • positive emotions. excitement before meeting with the owner, in anticipation of a treat.

Attempts to attract attention are also accompanied by tremors. This feature is typical for breeds with a docked tail. Boxers, Rottweilers. In a dachshund puppy, the manifestation is associated with a psychological state, cunning.

Hormonal and nutritional problems

The reasons for the tremor of pets can lie in hormonal disruptions in the body of the animal: during estrus in females and rutting, males increase excitability. The problem is resolved with the end of this period, and if desired, you can eliminate it by castration.

Often, animals whose diet has changed or are taking medications have an allergic reaction to new foods and medications, which can also cause tremors. Poisoning also causes such a reaction, which, in addition to tremors, is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, apathy, and lethargy.

Foods or drugs that cause similar phenomena should be excluded from the diet, and if necessary, give antihistamines and show the animal to the veterinarian.

Why the dog is shaking: what to do with a chill in a pet

Frequent visits to the veterinary clinic are associated with questions why the dog is trembling for no apparent reason for rejection. Physiological and pathological conditions can be source of non-standard behavior. For small ornamental breeds, it is one of the variants of the norm: frightened, the pets begin to squeal, tighten their limbs and tail, and involuntarily urinate. Otherwise, dogs need veterinary advice.

Natural causes

  • The first and most common reason why the dog is shaking, as if chilling, is that it is elementary frozen. This is especially true after a shower. It may seem to you that the room is warm enough, and the dog has a thick coat, but this is not so. After bath procedures, the animal must be wrapped in a warm dry towel, and it is desirable to increase the temperature in the room. You can offer him a warm drink. For the same reason, for walks, especially in cold or rainy weather, it is better for the dog to purchase a warm suit or blanket. If your animal is not afraid of loud sounds, then you can quickly warm it up with a hair dryer. But do not overuse this method, as the dog’s skin is very delicate and it can easily be dried out with streams of hot air. Leave this option for extreme situations when the benefits of such a method will be much more than harm.

All these causes of tremor are not dangerous to her health, therefore, they do not require the intervention of a doctor. But there are also more serious reasons why the dog is trembling, which should not be ignored, and in some cases, you should even immediately contact a specialist.


Tremor can be observed both with food poisoning, and with poisoning with some kind of poisons. It is most often accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy and apathy. Give your pet caffeine or sunflower oil and see your veterinarian right away.


Inflammation of the brain or spinal cord in a dog can be either an independent disease or develop against the background of some other viral or infectious pathology. Very often, such brain damage occurs against the background of infection with the rabies virus.

If you notice that your animal has begun to behave inappropriately, has become apathetic or overly affectionate, or, conversely, aggressive, it has seizures similar to epileptic seizures, weakness in the limbs and “wobbling” gait, you should immediately contact the veterinary clinic. Many viral diseases, including rabies, are dangerous to humans. Namely, rabies can be the reason why a dog’s paws are shaking.

In any case, encephalomyelitis, against the background of whatever diseases develops, is almost always associated with paralysis of the limbs, so the earlier you diagnose the disease, the more chances that the animal will survive.


Another parasitic disease transmitted to animals by mosquitoes. The larvae deposited in the animal’s skin migrate to the dog’s heart, causing severe uncontrolled tremors. Also, dirofilariasis is accompanied by a dry cough, edema and heavy, rapid breathing. If you notice these signs, immediately contact a specialist, as the dog will die without proper treatment. Treatment is most often carried out by “Ivomek” and “Filarsen”.


Heat and high temperatures can cause your dog to shiver and breathe frequently with his tongue sticking out. There is no strong reason to worry if the dog has drinking water and the opportunity to take shelter in the shade. For long-haired or downy dogs, spread out a wet towel and moisten it periodically. In addition, such animals are recommended to be sheared for the summer in order to exclude heatstroke from them.

A specialist should be consulted if the dog has become lethargic, does not respond to stimuli and does not touch water. In this case, it is advisable to wrap it in a wet cool cloth and take it to the clinic as soon as possible.


Small breeds of dogs often suffer from dramatic drops in blood sugar. You can understand this by the following signs: the dog has chills, trembles, sluggish, a loss of strength and general weakness is felt. You must immediately contact a specialist so that he can make an accurate diagnosis. If your dog has confirmed hypoglycemia, then you need to monitor the blood sugar level in the future in order not to miss the moment of developing diabetes.

In the event that hypoglycemia is the reason why the dog is trembling, you should contact your veterinarian who will give your pet a glucose injection. Ignoring the disease will lead to the development of a hypoglycemic coma in the dog and death.


All sorts of allergic reactions can be the reason why the dog shivers at home even in warm weather. If you notice that the tremors started after switching to a new food, vitamins or after taking some medicine, then try to return the old food for a while, completely stop or replace the medicine with some kind of analogue and observe the animal. If the tremors disappear, then most likely an allergy was the cause. If it is impossible to cancel some medicine, then contact a specialist. he will prescribe antihistamines for you or choose another treatment regimen for the disease that excludes the intake of an allergen. In no case, do not ignore an allergic reaction, as it can be unpredictable and lead to the most negative consequences.

Dogs are susceptible to various diseases, including colds. If you notice that the dog has chills, the whole body is trembling, the skin is dry and hot, the appetite has disappeared, then most likely the dog has a fever. It is necessary to see a doctor as soon as possible, because the causes of fever can be both a common cold and more serious diseases.

Pain can also be the reason why the dog is shivering, as if frozen. The animal could be injured during a walk, fight, etc. If the injury is not serious, then do not rush to see a doctor. it is not for nothing that there is an expression: “Heals like on a dog.” Dog saliva really has disinfecting properties, and the animal is able to heal itself by licking the wound. But do not let things go by themselves, check the wound to exclude suppuration and the spread of infection.

If there is no visible damage, and the tremor persists, then contact a specialist immediately to exclude internal damage to the animal.

When to sound the alarm

Look for additional symptoms when refusing food. If your pet is breathing heavily, trembling, or sleeping longer than usual, this is a clear cause for concern. A dry nose, high fever, diarrhea and vomiting also speak of the disease. A sick animal usually ceases to be interested in the world around it, its appearance becomes less attractive.

10 signs of serious illness

  • Heat. This is a clear symptom of a cold. Possible infection of a bacterial or viral type. an accurate diagnosis is established in accordance with laboratory tests.
  • Hypothermia (low temperature). If the dog is also not eating anything, it is most likely poisoned. Similar symptoms occur as a result of exhaustion, hypothermia, and diseases of the liver, kidneys and thyroid gland. What to do. the doctor decides based on the examination of the four-legged patient.
  • Vomiting. Problems with the gastrointestinal system are likely. they occur in 13% of dogs, ranking first among internal non-communicable diseases. It can also be poisoning or helminthic invasion.
  • Diarrhea. It is a symptom of an allergy to a food ingredient. Often indicates infection with helminths or disturbances in the functioning of the digestive system.
  • Vomiting and diarrhea. It is impossible to give an unambiguous answer to the question: “Why is the dog so lethargic and practically does not eat anything?” Possible worms, dehydration, enteritis, poisoning.
  • Vomiting, diarrhea and fever. Most likely, it is an infectious disease or plague.
  • Yellow tint of mucous membranes and skin. We are talking about disorders in the work of the biliary system and liver or piroplasmosis.
  • Refusal of water. Potential poisoning, liver problems.
  • The dog is breathing heavily and trembling. over, she does not eat, tries to move less. these are pain syndromes of different localization.
  • The animal only drinks. In this case, there are many options: from banal dehydration to pyometritis, Addison’s disease, diabetes mellitus and Cushing’s syndrome.
READ  Why Does a Dog Get Nervous When Eat

What to do

If the dog does not want to eat anything, determine how much fluid the animal is consuming. If the indicator is within the normal range, then you can proceed to the next step, if not, you urgently need to take the pet to the doctor.

Advice! Is the dog drinking a standard rate of water? Offer him milk or broth. Eating a meal is evidence of indigestion or severe pain.

Then you need to take a measurement of body temperature, taking into account that the optimal indicator is 37.4-39 ° a. it depends on age and breed.

If the dog is lethargic and does not eat anything, and the thermometer shows a critically low temperature, it is necessary to warm the animal and take it to the veterinarian. Or at least get expert advice over the phone.

With a slightly elevated temperature, it is required to repeat similar measurements every two hours, and in case of fever, bring down the temperature and consult a doctor. Normal temperature indicates the need to continue the examination.

The next stage is a thorough examination of the peritoneum, which should not be tense and swollen, as well as the oral cavity (pay attention to redness and spots, broken teeth). In a healthy individual, the ear canals are clean, and the mucous membranes are pale pink.

A lethargic dog that does not eat its usual food most often needs qualified help. The owner can only assume what happened to the pet, the diagnosis is made by the veterinarian.

The following manipulations are likely to be required:

  • endoscopy;
  • ultrasound procedure;
  • x-ray;
  • urine and blood tests.

Easily Solvable Problems

Check the freshness of the food, the abundance of spices and salt in it. Avoiding complementary foods between meals is the first thing to do if your dog is reluctant to eat. It has been proven that all kinds of delicacies interrupt appetite, after which the main diet seems less tasty to a four-legged friend.

Important! A common reason for a hunger strike is a change of food. With natural feeding, one unusual component is enough to refuse a whole portion.

Fasting can be explained by the transition to dry food, which, from habit, seem unappetizing to the animal. over, a sharp change in food can adversely affect the work of the gastrointestinal tract, so veterinarians advise changing the diet gradually.

The cheap pellets are based on beans and soybeans, which will definitely not make your pet hype. Another nuance is the problem with chewing: an old animal is difficult to give tough food due to thinning of the enamel, and puppies. because of loose teeth.

Natural causes of hunger strikes

Consider a number of cases where avoiding food is considered normal without requiring any intervention:

  • hot weather. in summer, the dog is able not to eat for a whole week, but only to drink water;
  • an excess of vitamins. the body has enough nutrients, and the animal feels great without food;
  • reaction to stress. appetite disappears due to a change in owner, environment or weather conditions;
  • teething. to prevent discomfort, during this period it is better to give the puppy soft food.
  • growth period. a constant feeling of hunger often alternates with a loss of appetite.
  • puberty, the end of pregnancy and childbirth. the restructuring of the body at the hormonal level causes a decrease, and sometimes a complete lack of appetite;
  • old age. an elderly dog ​​often eats nothing and walks sluggish.

The dog does not eat anything and is sluggish: why and what to do

Apathy and decreased appetite usually signal a pet’s illness. In this case, it is recommended to carefully observe the behavior of the animal in order to immediately take appropriate measures if necessary.

But when the dog is not eating food, do not sound the alarm right away. There are plenty of options that shouldn’t be a concern. For example, the dog is stressed, or he decided to make a fasting day. Perhaps this is a simple whim or a reaction to weather conditions.

What actions should the owner take

You can regain your appetite by solving the problem that led to the hunger strike. When rejection is associated with stress, you need to devote more time and attention to the pet, if the reason is a change in diet, it is better to go back to the previous option and introduce new products gradually. In this case, it is important to adhere to the diet and walking. Try to improve your pet’s appetite by increasing active walking time.

Always monitor the animal’s health in order to come to his aid in time. Timely action is the key to your dog’s health and longevity!

Veterinarian advice if your dog is poisoned and refuses to eat

When the dog refuses food and water is normal

If the dog has stopped eating and walks sluggishly, this may be the norm in the following cases:

  • pregnancy. In the first days, the body of the bitch experiences hormonal changes, against this background, she may look depressed and constantly burp. She can refuse to eat before and after childbirth. It is considered normal if her nose temporarily becomes cold;
  • bitches in heat. Most often, this symptom appears in German Shepherds. The dog begins to think only about sexual desire, so it does not feel hunger. During this period, it becomes nervous and excitable;
  • rapid growth of the body. This is one of the most common safe reasons why the puppy is not eating, drinking and lying down all the time;
  • overwork. The animal may stop eating after grueling training. Along with this, it can start to constantly sleep and look tired.

Another harmless reason for the dog’s refusal to replenish the body with food is his personal taste preferences. The dog can happily consume his favorite treats, but at the same time he will not even touch natural products.

For your information! It often happens that a toy terrier does not eat or drink all day. This is the most fastidious breed of dog that can refuse to eat even because she does not like the material from which the bowl is made or the consistency of the products.

Diseases due to which the pet refuses to eat

If the dog does not eat food, this can cause pathology and the development of a serious illness that requires immediate treatment. There are several common diseases that cause loss, total or partial, of appetite:

  • food poisoning. If a dog or puppy does not eat anything and is lethargic, constantly lies, it is worth remembering what he ate the day before. Due to an upset stomach, the pet can breathe heavily, squeak when pressing on the stomach. Profuse vomiting or diarrhea is a common symptom. The most dangerous poisoning is poisons or chemicals that the dog can eat while walking. In this case, intoxication of the body occurs, the dog’s well-being is rapidly deteriorating, immediate assistance of a veterinarian is required;
  • infection. The dog lies and does not get up, what could be? A common reason for a change in her eating habits is the disease enteritis, to which small pets under the age of 1.5 years are more susceptible. Associated symptoms include red eyes, inflammation of the mucous membranes, a hard stomach, and discoloration of stools. The dog can constantly vomit, because of which it begins to rapidly lose weight;
  • plague. Another dangerous disease in which there is a loss of appetite in the dog and severe lethargy. When walking, her hind legs can buckle, hair gradually begins to fall out, and the body temperature can increase to 40 ° C;
  • intestinal blockage. Occurs when the dog has swallowed an oblong object. The pain becomes so severe that she begins to whine constantly and stops sleeping;
  • heatstroke. Often because of this, the puppy suffers. does not eat and is lethargic for several days.

Important! Loss of appetite is a common symptom in diseases of the internal organs. In the event of an animal’s illness, you should not try to feed it with strength and self-medicate. It is necessary to contact the veterinarian as soon as possible: the sooner assistance is provided, the more chances of saving it.

You can’t stuff food if the dog doesn’t want to eat

The pet’s condition can deteriorate sharply several days after the tick has been removed. In this case, the dog lost appetite, and lethargy appeared due to the development of piroplasmosis. He is unable to cope with this condition on his own, so the help of a doctor is needed.

Causes of loss of activity and appetite

Refusal to eat in a dog can be a signal of the development of a serious illness that requires treatment, or physiological changes in the body. You can distinguish one condition from another by its characteristic features.

What not to do

Often the owners ask what to do if the dog is not eating anything, is lethargic and begins to rumble, while its limbs may shake and accompanying symptoms appear. The first thing not to do is try to force feed the dog and scold the dog. From this she will experience even more stress, and her condition will worsen.

Physiological reasons for refusing food

If your dog refuses food and water, is lethargic and weak, it is possible that there is stress in his life that has caused the malfunction of the body. Physiological reasons include the following:

  • aggressive behavior of the owner, his cries and the use of physical force in relation to the animal;
  • introduction of new products into the diet;
  • moving to a new place of residence or rearranging the room, this is especially true if the little puppy is lethargic and does not eat food;
  • a feeling of discomfort in the mouth. teeth are cutting or falling out;
  • estrus in bitches or hunting for cables;
  • heat, extreme cold, or cloudy weather.

A common reason for refusing to eat animals is undergoing surgery or medication. After that, the dog lies and does not get up, experiences severe weakness.

Note! If the loss of interest in eating food is caused by a physiological reason, no treatment is needed, it is enough to provide her with good rest and a calm atmosphere at home, after a few days the dog’s strength will fully recover.

The dog may feel sad even due to rearrangement in the apartment.

The dog stopped eating and is sluggish: what to do

The dog was active, but suddenly stopped eating, began to drag its paws and looks depressed. this condition can be both the norm and a sign of serious pathology. The first thing to do is to try to determine what caused this condition, and to observe the further well-being of the pet.

Ways to normalize your pet’s appetite

If a dog stops eating and is sluggish, not all breeders know what to do in such a situation. First of all, you need to try to relieve the pet of stress on your own and normalize its nutrition. To do this, you need to do the following:

  • caress him more often and play your favorite games;
  • do not give treats between meals;
  • refresh the water in the bowl every day;
  • give the animal only dry, liquid food or natural products at one meal, without mixing them with each other.

If the dog was normal in the morning and cannot get up in the evening, you should be alert

READ  DIY wooden dog bed

Veterinarians recommend feeding the animal at the same time. Firstly, it disciplines him, and secondly, the dog will reflexively feel hunger and run to the bowl at the right time. You should not drastically change the pet’s diet, each new product should be added carefully, gradually increasing its amount.

Important! With the right approach, if the lack of appetite is not associated with pathology, then it should return to normal within 3-5 days. If the dog does not eat and is sluggish, the hind legs give way for more than a week, you should definitely consult your veterinarian about this.

When to see a doctor

It is very important for the owner to determine why the puppy does not eat and sleeps a lot. The pet can start eating itself immediately after it feels hungry. But if this does not happen within 3-5 days, you should be wary. Already on the first day after loss of appetite, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian if the following symptoms appear:

  • bile from the mouth;
  • profuse vomiting or diarrhea;
  • weakness and drowsiness;
  • change in the color of the eyes and the state of the mucous membranes;
  • anxious whine.

Do not postpone the visit to the veterinarian, sometimes it can go on for minutes.

If the animal remains active, playful and affectionate, there is no reason for concern, the pet will definitely eat when it feels hungry. But if the food strike continues for several days, the dog looks bad, he begins to drool profusely and rumbling, you need to visit a doctor immediately.

Note! In a veterinary clinic, a specialist will take a blood and urine test from the animal, take an X-ray and an ultrasound scan, after which he will diagnose and prescribe a suitable therapy.

Often, the owners are faced with the fact that the dog is sick, does not eat anything, does not hold its legs, it stops playing and constantly sleeps. It is important in this case to provide her with complete rest and monitor the further condition. If the appetite does not appear, concomitant symptoms have arisen, and the state of health deteriorates sharply, the help of a veterinarian is needed. The sooner it is provided, the greater the chances of salvation and full recovery of the animal.

What to do if your dog shakes and trembles?

Tremors and seizures are caused by spontaneous muscle contractions. The dog shakes its head, limbs or contraction of the subcutaneous muscles is observed in various pathological and physiological conditions. Convulsions are caused by damage to the brain, less often with damage to internal organs, metabolic disorders. For treatment, it is necessary to find out the cause (infectious pathology, trauma) in order to properly organize the etiological treatment. It is important to level the pain and other pathological symptoms in the dog.

Differential diagnosis and special methods

Muscle tremors and cramps accompany various conditions in animals. It is necessary to differentiate nervous conditions (lesions of the lining of the brain) from fright, hypothermia, and a number of infectious diseases. The diagnosis is established on the basis of additional laboratory and instrumental studies.

An important point in the diagnosis and choice of treatment is to establish the etiological factor that led to epileptic seizures:

  • congenital primary pathologies;
  • brain diseases;
  • compensatory function of the brain in case of damage to other organs.

The clinical picture of convulsions in a dog depends on the location and extent of the focus of increased activity. Generalized epileptic seizure is characterized by bilateral inflammation of the muscles. The entire musculature of the body is affected. The dog is trembling and lethargic, breathes frequently, and can lie down for a long time. The dog draws its tail to the body, is in a fainting state.

Idiopathic cerebellar inflammation in dogs is hardly detectable by laboratory tests. Blood biochemistry and urine tests are within the physiological norm. Small changes are found when taking a puncture of the cerebrospinal fluid. a moderate increase in lymphocytes and monocytes.

The nature of seizures in various pathologies:

  • diseases of the nervous system are characterized by the periodic appearance of seizures;
  • in case of poisoning, the tremor is gradually replaced by strong clonic convulsions (convulsions);
  • with catalepsy, persistent cramps of one or two legs appear;
  • myoplegia is characterized by repeated relaxation of the muscle tone of the limbs;
  • nervous tic accompanied by rhythmic twitching of the paws.

Epilepsy in dogs should be distinguished from syncope. An epileptic seizure is preceded by an attack of strong involuntary muscle contractions. Involuntary urination and defecation are noted, epilepsy is often accompanied by the release of frothy saliva. Fainting is characterized by loss of consciousness and muscle relaxation, general lethargy. After fainting, the dog quickly recovers, and with epilepsy, pathological signs persist for a long time. increased thirst and appetite, disorientation, tremor, anxiety.

In shepherd dogs and Dobermans, eosinophilic myositis is observed, in which there is an increasing contraction of the chewing muscles. The dog cannot open its mouth on its own due to the strongly clenched jaws. Laboratory analysis reveals a decrease (disappearance) of eosinophils in the blood.

An epileptic seizure is a nonspecific and sudden event. Usually it is not preceded by any change (external influence), but a seizure occurs due to increased excitability of nerve fibers. It is important to correctly differentiate diseases in order to provide the necessary assistance to the dog.

Emergency care and treatment

For epilepsy, special drugs are used. The earlier the course of treatment begins, the better the effectiveness of the therapy. But for the use of phenobarbital, it is necessary to have indications (clinical picture in a dog):

  • more than one seizure attack in 2 months;
  • an attack within 1-2 weeks of the head injury;
  • prolonged shaking in dogs;
  • difficult periods between attacks;
  • detection of structural abnormalities.

Treatment of seizures should be carried out as quickly as possible. It is necessary to choose the right drugs for epileptic seizures. For dogs, you can not use drugs without sedation, as they have a hepatotoxic effect. But other drugs have a number of negative effects.

An inexpensive drug phenobarbital is well suited at an early stage of disease development. Potassium bromide has a similar effect. But this substance slowly accumulates in the brain. the therapeutic dose is reached in a few months, so relapses of seizures are possible at the onset of the disease.

If the inflammation of the brain is caused by non-infectious causes, then glucocorticoids are used. In most dogs, improvement in the condition with a moderate level of encephalitis is observed as early as 3-5 days from the start of treatment. Infectious encephalitis excludes the use of this type of anti-inflammatory drugs. Treatment course:

Dog Shivering and Trembling: Causes and Treatments

  • prednisolone at a dosage of 1 mg / kg once a day for 7-10 days;
  • when clinical signs improve, the dose is reduced to 0.5 mg / kg;
  • in the future, the dosage is gradually reduced when symptoms improve;
  • in case of relapse (a sharp decrease in the dose), it is necessary to return to the initial course;
  • treatment continues until the disappearance of the clinic. 4-6 weeks;
  • possible lifelong use of low dosage glucocorticoids. for some dogs with high sensitivity.

Muscle shaking in a dog, associated with secondary brain diseases and reactive causes, is a pathological symptom. To remove and eliminate it, it is necessary to treat the main etiological factor. In this case, special drugs for epilepsy are not required. So, in case of liver failure, it is necessary to maintain liver function, and in case of vascular lesions of the brain, inflammatory edema is removed, leading to normal heart function.

There is no universal reflex for treating seizures in dogs. With brain damage, constant monitoring of therapy and its correction is required. The concentration of medicinal substances in the blood serum is monitored:

  • selection of individual treatment;
  • determination of the toxic effect;
  • determination of therapeutic concentration.

Treatment is changed if therapy does not work. The first stage is an increase in the concentration of the active substance, but this leads to an increase in toxicity. Then it is necessary to change the medicine or supplement. A common combination is a mixture of potassium bromide and phenobarbital.

When your dog needs emergency help:

  • the duration of the seizure attack is more than 5 minutes;
  • status epilepticus. shaking in a dog is replaced by loss of consciousness for 30 minutes;
  • at least 3 seizures in three hours.

In an emergency, it is necessary to maintain the normal functioning of the animal’s body and stop the attack. To prevent the dog’s muscles from shaking, diazepam and a loading dose of phenobarbital are prescribed. Then the drugs are injected at the minimum dosage.

The use of various antispasmodic drugs is effective. The dog is injected intravenously with a 25% solution of magnesium sulfate every 10-12 hours, 5-10 ml. For two months, treatment with diazepam, elenium lasts.

The effectiveness of intravenous injection of glucose solution (40%) is noted. It is also shown to animals to prescribe antiallergic drugs. diphenhydramine, suprastin, prednisolone. Be sure to use complex vitamins and minerals. In case of severe symptoms of dehydration, infusion therapy should be carried out.

Causes of muscle tremors and cramps

Most often, the dog will tremble and jerk its limbs when the brain is affected. But the etiological factors are varied. trauma, infections, parasites, congenital anomalies and metabolic disorders. There are several types of muscle hyperactivity in dogs:

  • seizures. a sudden sharp contraction of a certain muscle group;
  • tremor. mild tremors, more often subcutaneous muscles;
  • epilepsy. a pathology of the brain, leading to periodic seizures and impaired consciousness.

Convulsive activity is associated with damage to the nerve fibers connecting the hypothalamus and cortical substance. Strong pathological signals propagate through neurons to specific areas of the brain, causing spontaneous disorganization of a number of brain functions. Such changes more often occur with brain damage, less often they are observed due to damage to other organs.

Seizures lead to repeated damage to the nerve pathways, which intensifies subsequent seizures.

Any diseases of the brain are predisposing factors. Seizures often develop with the use of a number of medications. Excessive muscle activity has been reported in healthy dogs following ketamine and acepromazine use.

Muscle tremors are more often observed with damage to the cerebellum and medulla oblongata of dogs. Pathology manifests itself by involuntary small vibrations and tremors of the whole body or its parts. A predisposition has been noted in white breeds, especially among small and middle-aged dogs.

Tremor also appears in diseases not associated with brain damage. Muscle tremors are a compensatory response to hypothermia. Feverish processes are accompanied by tremors. Shivering can indicate a stressful condition, fear of the animal.

The reasons a dog may shake can be divided into two categories. primary and secondary. Primary ones are also called idiopathic, they are associated with genetic abnormalities, observed in dogs of early and middle age (up to 6 years). Secondary seizures are associated with diseases of the brain, infectious and other processes in the body.

Common non-neurological causes of seizures include:

  • cardiovascular insufficiency;
  • metabolic disorders;
  • intoxication.

Extracranial causes of seizures in dogs are determined by metabolic disorders. The dog has shaking hind legs with low blood sugar, hypocalcemia, renal and hepatic failure, and various poisoning. Tremor caused by pathology of the brain is associated with degenerative processes, vascular insufficiency, hydrocephalus and other developmental disorders, neoplasms. Various infectious processes that cause inflammation of the brain or a general deterioration of the condition are accompanied by seizures.

Pathology prevention measures

It is possible to avoid the appearance of seizures in a dog only with their secondary origin. If the dog is shaking with small shivers due to hereditary reasons, then the owner will have life-long treatment. Drugs against epilepsy are used. the dosage is constantly changing, if the seizures stop, then the dosage of phenobarbital or its analogs is reduced. The condition of the animal is constantly monitored, blood is donated for tests, the optimal level of drugs is determined.

Shaking caused by liver and kidney failure is common in pets. Therefore, it is necessary to reasonably approach feeding, and use medicinal substances exclusively on the instructions of the veterinarian.

When diagnosed with epilepsy, the dog should be provided with the best housing conditions. It is necessary to exclude strong irritations that can provoke another attack. Feeding should be enriched with minerals and vitamins, since their lack leads to a deterioration in the animal’s condition.