What do the ears of a healthy dog look like?
If the dog is healthy, its ears are pale pink. Sometimes a slight sulfuric discharge appears, which protects the animal’s auditory canals from contamination. Dog ears feel cool to the touch. There should be no foreign secretions or unpleasant odors. Peeling of the auricles is also unacceptable. It speaks of deviations from the norm.
There are cases when a foreign body gets into the dog’s ear. an insect, hairs, children, having fun with the dog, can shove something like a bead or a pea. This is a common cause of red ears in an animal, it also gives it incredible discomfort, and can also cause hearing problems. If you suspect that a foreign object has got into the dog’s ear, then it is better not to try to pull it out yourself. You can seriously injure your pet. The best option is to take the dog to the veterinary clinic.
Many dogs are very fond of sweets. Some owners, pampering their pet, allow him to eat an extra treat without thinking about the consequences. When a dog has red ears inside, the reason for this is an elementary allergy, which manifests itself not only to sweets, but also to some other foods:
- fish and poultry meat;
- some cereals,
There may also be an individual intolerance to certain food products.
My Dog Has Dog Itchy Ears, What Do I Do?
In case of an allergic reaction in a dog, its diet should be changed. In general, the nutrition of a pet should be taken very seriously, because the health of your pet depends on it, and the length of its life.
To relieve an allergic symptom, you need to give the dog an antihistamine (tavegil or suprastin. the fourth part of the pill), and as soon as possible, immediately take the dog to the veterinarian.
If a dog has red ears inside and itches, there is no doubt that this is an ear mite, scientifically. otodectosis. This parasite (to fight them) lives in the ear canals of the animal, and in the inner side of the ear. Such insects feed on particles of the epidermis, sulfur deposits and blood, which gives the doggie unpleasant sensations and discomfort. He begins to behave restlessly, rubbing his ears against all the protrusions, itching, whining, and also running and shaking his head.
Combing its ears, the animal inflicts wounds and scratches on itself, as a result of which bald patches and purulent wounds are formed that do not go away for a long time. Dark scabs with a sickening odor form in the ear cavity.
If your pet gets infected with an ear mite, you should contact a specialist as soon as possible and start treatment. The main drugs for this scourge are Aurican, Otovedin, Otibiovin or Mastiet-Forte, however, their treatment should be carried out under the supervision of a veterinarian.
Signs of a dog’s hearing problems
A red ear in a dog inside is the first sign of an indisposition of the animal’s hearing organs. If the dog shakes its head, puts it on its side, constantly scratches the parotid region, there is abundant sulfuric discharge, accompanied by an unpleasant odor, and the ear itself “squishes”, and, among other things, the pet behaves nervously, eats and sleeps poorly, then there is the fact of an animal’s ear disease.
Signs of canine ear diseases are similar to each other, so it is undesirable to self-medicate, but it is better to seek help from a veterinarian who will make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe the necessary treatment.
causes of inner red ears in dogs
Red ears in a dog are not uncommon. The hearing organs of a pet are quite vulnerable. The owners often notice that their pets are scratching the auricles from the inside. Looking there, you can see redness, and the ears, in most cases, are hot to the touch. It is not always possible to immediately take your dog to the veterinary hospital, so it is advisable to know the reasons for this phenomenon, and also how to provide first aid to your beloved pet.
A fungal or bacterial infection can also cause redness and swelling of the pinna. Such diseases are no less dangerous than, for example, otitis media or ear mites, because if they are not cured in time, they can lead to complete hearing loss, which will be a tragedy for the dog. You will not be able to identify the pathogen on your own and, accordingly, carry out adequate treatment. In this case, self-medication can lead to disastrous results, so you need to grab your dog in an armful and run to the vet. With these problems, a course of antibiotics is required, which can only be prescribed by a veterinarian.
Why a dog might get bad ear smell and what to do about it?
Every dog breeder needs to know what to do if the dog has an unpleasant smell from the ears? After all, the presented symptom can speak of both improper care of the animal, and the presence of serious diseases that threaten with complications. The sooner the pet owner pays attention to this feature and takes his four-legged friend to the veterinarian, the faster it will be possible to get rid of such a problem.
With timely treatment, it is possible to eliminate the unpleasant odor from the ears of the animal rather quickly. As a rule, this can be done due to topical preparations: drops, ointments. Only in the presence of common diseases may you need to take antibiotics.
Causes of odor from the ears
This phenomenon can be caused by various factors. Among them:
- Allergies provoked by improperly selected food, medicines, household chemicals or other substances.
- The accumulation of dirt in the ears of the animal.
- Foreign body in the ear canal.
- Hormonal imbalance.
- Physiological features. Some breeds, including Shepherd Dogs, have an increased production of sulfur, which causes an unpleasant odor. Yorkies and dachshunds have a similar problem associated with the structural features of the ear canal.
- If a large amount of cold or hot water gets into the ears. This often happens when bathing a pet.
- Lack of vitamins and minerals in the animal’s body.
- Ear infection with fungi or bacteria. often they are transmitted to the dog from other animals.
- Mechanical injuries: bites, cuts, abrasions.
- Malignant or benign tumors developing in the ear canal.
What a healthy ear should look like in dogs?
Normally, the animal’s auricle should be light pink without spots and plaque. A small amount of earwax is acceptable, which protects the ear canal from pathogenic microbes. There should be no other discharge. Also, normally, the animal’s ears do not peel off, a rash does not form on them, foci of inflammation. such symptoms only indicate the presence of pathology. This applies to all breeds, including long-eared individuals. Exceptions can only occur if the dog has congenital features of the auditory organs. a darker color, an altered shape.
What should be the smell from a dog’s ears? Normally, it should not be at all. Any, even a slight aroma indicates that not everything is in order with the animal, not to mention the fetid secretions that can accompany various inflammatory processes.
What can not be treated with?
A number of medications are prohibited for treating the ears of dogs. Their category includes:
- Hydrogen peroxide. If you use this product to remove odors from your ears, it can burn the mucous membrane of your pet.
- Alcohol and all alcohol-containing preparations. Lead to excessive dryness of the integument, can also leave burns.
- Specialized medicinal ointments that have not been prescribed by the attending physician. These drugs have many side effects. They cannot be used if you do not have an accurate diagnosis on hand.
Carefully you need to handle various cotton pads and swabs. They are not recommended for small breed dogs.
What does the smell of fish and mushrooms say??
This symptom indicates an infection of the animal with an ear mite. It manifests itself as a black plaque on the mucous membrane. Also, if the dog smells of fish from the ears, the owner may suspect that it has a fungal infection. Such a pathology is always accompanied by severe itching, redness of the auricles.
A stench from the ear canal may indicate other medical conditions. You can define them by its nature:
- A sweetish smell, reminiscent of a rotten apple, indicates that the pet has otitis media. This disease can be accompanied by reddening of the mucous membrane, as well as the appearance of brown discharge (with complicated forms of the disease). If inflammation of the auricle in the animal is not observed, then the stench signals liver problems.
- A rotten smell indicates an excessive accumulation of dirt in the ear canal. Typical for sheep dogs, as well as other breeds, which have a large amount of sulfur.
- A cheesy aroma indicates the development of a fungal infection. May be accompanied by the formation of a white or greenish plaque on the mucous membrane, resembling curd mass.
- A sour smell indicates a bacterial infection.
It should be noted that when a stench from the pet’s ears appears, the breeder must immediately take action: deliver the animal to the veterinarian, examine it and further follow all the doctor’s recommendations for treating the pet. In no case should you fight this problem without the help of a veterinarian. Remember, any of your independent actions may not only not help to cope with the problem, but also aggravate it. It is especially dangerous to use folk remedies for treatment if the dog shakes its head and liquid brown dirt flows from the ear. This indicates severe damage or the presence of a complicated infectious disease.
Strong odor from the auditory canal, red ear, fever of the pet, hyperemia of the mucous membrane. all the presented symptoms should disturb the owner of the animal and force him to contact the veterinarian. The doctor will perform a general examination of the animal, do an ultrasound scan, blood tests, bacteriological cultures (if an infection is suspected). If cancer is suspected, the dog may also be prescribed an x-ray, MRI, biopsy. Based on the results of the studies presented, the dog will be prescribed the appropriate treatment:
- If the animal has otitis media, it will be recommended to regularly wash the auricle and then treat it with special drops. The latter can have antibacterial or antiparasitic effects. They are selected depending on what kind of pathogen provoked the inflammation.
- In case of allergy, a four-legged friend will be given antihistamines and an antiseptic treatment of the ear canal will be prescribed.
- With mycoses. daily treatment of the ears with antifungal agents. Antibiotics for this type of disease are not prescribed.
- If the animal has a hematoma as a result of a strong blow or bite, it will be prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs and treatment of the damaged area with antiseptics. With severe edema, the hematoma will be opened surgically.
- With an ear mite, drops “Bars” (or analogs) and vegetable oil are prescribed. These products allow you to soften the crusts and gently cleanse the mucous membrane of them.
- With parasites, the pet will be prescribed a course of deworming. You need to remove the smell with such a pathology with ordinary drops.
- If the animal’s ears are constantly itching, he will be assigned to wear a special collar. This will protect the affected tissue from additional injury.
With the correct selection of medicines and strict adherence to all medical prescriptions at home, dog owners manage to get rid of the above problem in a short time. However, they need to remember: you cannot stop treatment immediately after the disappearance of anxiety symptoms. A full course of drug therapy should be completed. This is especially important for fungal and bacterial infections. If the breeder does not do this, the disease can return to his four-legged friend in a short time. However, it will take longer and harder to treat it, since microorganisms will have time to adapt to old drugs during this time.
Prevention of ear infections in dogs
The appearance of the presented problem in pets can be avoided. To do this, it is enough to follow these rules:
- Clean your pet’s ears regularly, treat them with a special lotion.
- Make sure that the animal does not roll in the mud. Prevent fights with other pets.
- Always carefully examine the animal after a walk. Make sure that a Yorkie or a representative of any other breed does not have street dirt, branches, leaves, hairballs in his ears. All this can provoke the development of inflammation.
- Get regular check-ups with your veterinarian. Perform deworming in a timely manner. Come to unscheduled consultations if you notice the dog has an unpleasant odor from the ears.
- Provide your pet with a balanced diet. His food must contain a lot of vitamins and useful microelements.
- Gently wash the dog’s ears, make sure that no water flows into them. If the animal has long hair on its head, it must be cut off near the ear canals. You can carefully cut it yourself or entrust the veterinarian with this task.
The recommendations presented should be followed by the owner of animals of all breeds. However, they are especially important for those caring for a dog with floppy ears. They need to regularly show their pets to the veterinarian to avoid any problems.
What to do
In case of symptoms of ear damage, the dog is immediately shown to the veterinarian.
Features of treatment depend on the cause of redness and itching:
- Water ingress: If several minutes have passed since the liquid entered the ear canal, then the problem can be solved at home. First, the pet’s head is gently tilted to one side so that the affected ear is at the bottom. Then they begin to gently shake the dog’s head, which will help remove water from the ear canal. Finish the procedure by blotting the liquid with a sterile cotton swab wound around a finger or a thin stick. The special absorbent ear powder effectively absorbs water. If the owner cannot help the dog on his own, you need to contact the veterinarian.
- Foreign body: if it is visible with the naked eye, then you can help the pet yourself. Take tweezers with rounded tips and treat the inside of the auricle with a small amount of vegetable oil. A foreign body is delicately removed with an instrument, after which the ear is cleaned with a special prophylactic agent (lotion, solution).
- Insect bite: If your dog is stung in the ear by a bee or a wasp, you need to carefully remove the sting first. A thick paste made from baking soda and water or an antihistamine ointment will help eliminate itching and swelling at the site of the bite.
- Otodectosis: treatment begins with cleaning the ear canal from black plaque and accumulated sulfur. This procedure is performed by a veterinarian. Drops from otodectosis are injected into the cleaned ear canal. Effective drugs include Bars, Otoferonol, Otovedin. Drops are applied according to the scheme prescribed by a specialist. Additionally, antifungal ointments, vitamin complexes are prescribed, which help to strengthen the immune system.
- Bacterial otitis media: The disease is treated with antibiotics. To eliminate itching, pain and redness, anti-inflammatory drops are used, for example, Surolan.
- Otomycosis: first, the exudate in the ear canal is liquefied with peroxide and its remnants are carefully removed with a cotton swab. The cleaned ear canal is treated with 0.2% Fluconazole solution (the treatment regimen is prescribed by a specialist). To prevent recurrence of fungal infection, therapy is prescribed to strengthen the immune system.
- Allergic otitis media: first of all, the effect of the factor that provokes allergy is eliminated. To eliminate itching, swelling and redness, Sofradex is used. Additionally, anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed, for example, Ottipax.
If the applied treatment regimen does not lead to an improvement in the condition of the ears, the pet is shown to a specialist again.
Most often, itching, redness and pain in the ears occur as a symptom of the following diseases:
- bacterial otitis media;
- otomycosis (fungal otitis media);
- allergic otitis media.
Bacterial otitis media is an inflammation of the middle and outer ear caused by a bacterial infection. Affects one or both organs of hearing. Occurs when immunity decreases, fluid enters the ear canal and as a complication of other infectious diseases.
The pet has the following symptoms:
- the auricle turns red and becomes hot to the touch;
- neck muscles tense;
- the dog tilts its head to one side;
- the animal does not allow touching the affected ear. runs away, shows aggression.
With a complicated course of the disease, purulent discharge from the ear canal appears. Body temperature rises to 39-40 ° C.
Otodectosis occurs in young dogs. The parasitic mite that infects the ears feeds on the animal’s lymph. A microscopic insect on the inner side of the auricle gnaws at the passages in which it lays eggs. Here the tick goes through all stages of development, parasitizing on the animal. The causative agent of otodectosis also affects other parts of the body. The disease is transmitted from infected animals to healthy animals. A dog can catch otodectosis from cats, birds, and other pets.
The defeat is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- black discharge from the ears;
- bad smell from the ears.
Launched otodectosis provokes necrosis of the eardrum, which leads to hearing loss. Severe damage to the ear canal increases the risk of meningitis.
Fungal otitis media develops due to reduced immunity after severe illness, antibiotic therapy, stress and surgery. These factors provoke the active reproduction of pathogenic fungi in the auricles, which is manifested by:
- local redness;
- yellow bloom;
- moldy smell.
Allergic otitis media occurs as a reaction to feed components, hygiene products, veterinary drugs. Allergy causes:
- rapid redness of the skin of the inner part of the ear;
- local edema;
- small rash;
- severe itching.
Rapid onset of symptoms provokes pet’s restless behavior.
The risk group includes representatives of breeds that are characterized by long hanging ears. A large auricle closes the internal channels of the hearing organ, which prevents proper ventilation.
Dog Ear Infections: DIY Remedies That Work
This leads to the accumulation of moisture in the ear, which is a suitable breeding ground for pathogenic microorganisms. fungi and bacteria that provoke inflammation.
The causes of the symptom include ingress of water into the ear canal. In excess fluid, pathogenic bacteria and fungi rapidly multiply, which leads to pain in the ear and redness of the inner part of the auricle.
The bite of a blood-sucking insect (tick, mosquito, midge) or contact with a poisonous plant is manifested by local redness with clear boundaries. This phenomenon is often found in pets that go hunting with their owners.
Remedy for Dog’s Ear infection that WORKS!
Redness and pain in the ears in a dog occurs as a reaction to the ingress of a foreign body into the ear canal. an insect, a thorn, and other things. The animal behaves restlessly. shakes its head, scratches the affected area, does not sleep and loses its appetite.
Precautions and Preventions
Compliance with the rules of hygiene of the ears reduces the likelihood of developing ear diseases.
Regular cleaning of the ear canals will help maintain the auricles in a tidy condition, preventing the growth of pathogenic microflora. For the procedure at home, you need sterile cotton wool, hygiene sticks or cosmetic discs.
For ear care, prophylactic agents are used in the form of solutions, lotions or powders. A small amount of cleaning fluid is applied to a cotton swab and gently wiped over the inside of the auricle. The procedure is carried out 1-2 times a week.
Long-eared breeds need regular combing of the hair of the auricles, as dirt, plant particles and insects accumulate on it. Long-haired dogs with hanging ears need regular grooming.
Prevention of ear diseases includes:
- regular treatment of wool with preparations for fleas, ticks and other blood-sucking parasites;
- anthelmintic therapy;
- strengthening the immune system;
- prevention of exposure to the body of allergens that are part of feed, hygiene products.
After spending time in nature and swimming, you need to examine the ears, assessing the cleanliness of the ear canal and the condition of the skin around it. If the dog is concerned about itching and pain, accompanied by redness, restless behavior and the appearance of pus, the pet is immediately shown to the veterinarian.
Why does a dog have red ears and itch??
Let’s talk about diseases due to which a dog’s ear can turn red inside.
What to do to help your pet get rid of itching and pain in the ears.
Pain, skin irritation and itching in the ears of a dog indicate the development of diseases of a bacterial, parasitic and fungal nature, requiring timely and proper treatment. These symptoms also occur when water or a foreign body enters the ear canal, in such cases, emergency assistance from a specialist is needed.
All drugs used in the treatment of ear diseases are prescribed only by a veterinarian. Self-medication can cause irreparable harm to the dog’s health.!
Many dogs are very sensitive to food quality, so redness on the inner ear surface may well be nutritional related. The list of allergenic foods includes various types of sweets (especially chocolates), fish and other types of canned food that are not intended for dog food, food that is too spicy, in particular fast food. Sometimes even individual cereals can become the cause of the appearance of redness, although here we are more talking about the individual intolerance of a particular product to animals. Allergy symptoms are almost always the same: small red spots on the inside of the ear, itching, and sometimes even swelling at the site of redness.
Trying to get rid of discomfort, dogs often injure themselves, so scratches and small hematomas inside the ear canal may well be associated with an allergic reaction. A special laboratory analysis carried out in many veterinary clinics will help to verify this. To relieve an allergic symptom, animals are given antihistamines (for example, “Tavegil” or “Suprastin”) and the dog is temporarily transferred to a special diet. Areas with mechanical damage to the skin can be treated with peroxide or any other antiseptic.
The dog’s ears turned red what to do
What to do if your dog has a red ear inside
Diseases of the ears in dogs occupy one of the leading places in the number of visits to veterinarians, while simultaneously causing discomfort not only to the animal, but also to its owner. There are many reasons for the redness and soreness of this organ, but their main symptoms are largely similar. What healthy dogs should be, how to determine the root cause of the ear problem and what is worth knowing about effective ways to eliminate it. this will be discussed further.
Growths and tumors
Ear tumors are more common in adult dogs that have had head problems in the past and have not received adequate therapy. Neoplasms can be of both benign and malignant nature, to find out what it will be possible only after a detailed study of the removed part (biopsy). In many modern clinics, any neoplasms in the ears, with appropriate indications, can be removed by laser, although classical surgical intervention should not be ruled out. If the tumor cannot be removed completely, radiation therapy is used to reduce the pain symptom and slow its growth, and if metastases are found in the body, you will have to undergo an additional course of chemotherapy. In the case of growth of the neoplasm in the deep zones of the ear canal and damage to the lymph nodes, the prognosis is far from the best, with a possible fatal outcome.
Unlike tumors, growths in canine ears (such as warts and papillomas) are usually benign but tend to grow rapidly. One of the most dangerous types of such formations is carcinoma, which affects older animals. Treatment of growths also provides for their removal by surgery with possible further immunotherapy.
This parasite (Otodectes cynotis) is the root cause of ear scabies (otodectic mange) and can also cause reddening of the inside or even the outside of the organ. Microscopic insects are located in the ear canal to feed on the particles of the secreted sulfur, the epidermis and the blood of their host. Of course, they only give the dog unpleasant sensations, causing severe itching and excessive formation of exudate. The pet’s behavior changes, it often shakes its head, tries to itch, and an unpleasant odor is well felt from the ear.
The ear mite is transmitted to a healthy animal from infected relatives and is characteristic of any age, although puppies with still unformed immunity suffer from scabies more often. It is noteworthy that if the female was already infected at the time of mating and was not treated, there is a 100% probability that newborn puppies will also suffer from this problem.
Diagnostics for the presence of an ear mite is carried out by veterinarians using a special otoscope device, and sometimes it is supplemented by laboratory tests. Treatment measures begin with a thorough cleaning of the internal space from the accumulated plaque, after which the doctor prescribes suitable drugs, such as “Otovedin”, “Mastieta-Forte”, “Aurikana”, “Terra Delta”. For greater effectiveness, antibiotics in injections or pills may be prescribed. If treatment is not started on time and the existing symptoms are ignored, inflammation of the middle ear, tearing of the tympanic membrane and even meningitis (inflammatory processes in the brain) are possible. The latter ailment is especially dangerous, since it is no longer a question of hearing loss, but of the possible death of an animal.
What does it mean when a dog has red ears inside
There can be several reasons for the redness of the inner part of the ears, which means that the way to fix the problem will be different. The most common reasons for complications are considered to be the ingress of a foreign object into the shell, the development of an inflammatory process with limited ventilation, otitis media, allergies, fungal infections, ear mites, the formation of growths and tumors. A veterinarian will help the owner to make an accurate diagnosis and decide how to treat his pet.
How to tell if your pet is sick
Almost any disturbance in a dog’s well-being is accompanied by a change in its behavior, refusal of food.
For ear problems, common signs of a problem are:
- restlessness and constant head shaking;
- attempts by the animal to scratch the ear inside, sometimes with scratching the skin until it bleeds;
- manifestation of aggression when trying to contact the ears or head;
- refusal to eat;
- temperature increase;
- redness, swelling, unpleasant odor from the auricles;
- discharge of purulent exudate, and even in cases where the ear itself is only slightly reddened;
- an increase in the temperature of a separate part of the organ (with hematomas it is hotter).
Games or contacts with the owner, sick dogs are of little interest, however, this is more about neglected cases with a serious development of the inflammatory process. Having found at least one of the listed symptoms in your pet, you should immediately show it to the veterinarian, especially if the redness persists and the ears itch for a long time.
Inflammation due to insufficient ventilation of the ears
This problem is typical mainly for breeds with wide and long ears, covering the ear canal. Insufficient ventilation contributes to the accumulation of moisture inside the hearing organs, which creates excellent conditions for the rapid growth of bacteria. As with other ear problems, the dog becomes restless, shakes its head and tries to scratch. Undesirable consequences can be avoided either by cropping the ears at an early age, or with the help of regular hygiene procedures: once every 3-4 days, you can wipe your ears with a tampon soaked in peroxide and well wrung out.
Otitis media is called an inflammatory disease of the inner part of the ear, which, depending on the location of the inflammation, can be divided into external (the area between the inlet and the eardrum is affected), medium (the problem is located deeper, behind the eardrum), internal or deep (the most severe form, often causing damage to the internal structures of the organ).
The level of otitis media directly affects the symptoms of the disease, among which the most frequent will be:
- constant anxiety of the animal and ear scratching;
- discharge of purulent exudate from the auricle, often with an unpleasant odor;
- an increase in the temperature of a diseased organ;
- decreased appetite and apathy;
- constant tilt of the head towards the affected ear, sometimes the animal can spin in place.
Without timely treatment, the problem may worsen, expressed in enlarged lymph nodes, partial or complete hearing loss, development of strabismus and impaired vestibular functions. The final diagnosis is made based on the examination of the pet and the results of laboratory tests. So, if a large number of microorganisms of a certain type (for example, cocci or candida) are found in a sample taken from the ear, then for treatment it is worth choosing drugs (drops) with a pronounced antifungal effect. In addition to them, antibiotics and anti-inflammatory compounds are usually prescribed, and in especially severe cases, hormonal therapy.
Among the popular drugs for the treatment of otitis media are drops “Obibiovin”, “Otoflox” and “Bars Forte”, and their action can be supplemented with tablets “Ciprofloxacin”, which have a depressing effect on many harmful microorganisms. The course of treatment is on average 5-10 days, depending on the severity of the case. For preventive purposes, it is recommended to regularly groom the auricle and revise the menu of your pet so that he receives only the most balanced food that does not contain allergens.
Foreign body ingress
While playing, animals may well injure themselves, however, much more often foreign objects get into their body, not without the help of people. Balls, small parts of the designer or any other product often end up in the ear when playing with children, although four-legged friends can find thorns and splinters themselves. In any case, in order to relieve the pet of discomfort and normalize its condition, the owner is required to remove the cause of concern as soon as possible by performing subsequent hygienic treatment.
Sometimes even water that gets deep into the auricle when the dog is bathed is considered a foreign object. As in previous cases, the main symptoms will be shaking the head, trying to pull out an interfering thing with a paw and whining. You can remove excess liquid with an ordinary cotton swab, of course, if the pet has not yet got rid of it as a result of intense head shaking.
Inflammation of the testicles occurs in adult males. Common causes are scrotal injuries, insect bites, and infections that cause cystitis and prostatitis. Additional causes. testicular torsion, granuloma, dermatitis, inguinal hernia, microbial infection during mating.
The disease sometimes reveals an autoimmune nature: the tissue of the testes is foreign to the immune system. The autoimmune process develops after injury or infection. There is a greater risk of developing the disease in free-range dogs, with diseases of the genitourinary system, in old males. Self-medication is dangerous.
- The scrotum swells and turns red, gives the animal anxiety, the pet often licks itself.
- Touching and feeling the testicles is very painful.
- Fever rises, sometimes intermittent fever begins.
- Testes feel warmer than usual.
- The animal refuses to eat, stops playing, avoids walking, sits down or lies down extremely carefully, clearly straining its hind legs, sleeps a lot.
The listed symptoms are characteristic of acute orchitis. In the case of chronic inflammation, external manifestations are not noted, as a result, the owners notice the disease late. Gradually, testicular tissue is replaced by scar tissue, which leads to infertility.
Without treatment, the disease can lead to complications, cause an abscess, with an infectious nature. to sepsis and death of the animal. Inflammation directly threatens the reproductive function of the dog, in most cases, after the transferred pathology, the dog becomes infertile or the dog has to be castrated.
Symptoms and first signs of the disease
The owner needs to pay attention to the following symptoms and the first signs of the disease:
- The testicles swell, swell, become very painful, the local body temperature rises noticeably.
- The same symptoms are observed with the simultaneous defeat of the epididymis.
- As a rule, inflammation does not bypass the scrotum. Her skin also swells, becomes inflamed, cracks and wounds may appear on it, the animal constantly licks the scrotal sac.
- The dog tries not to move once again, fearing to disturb the sore testicles.
- There is a complete or partial refusal to eat, but thirst in many cases increases.
- In severe cases, fever may develop. often permanent type, less often. intermittent.
- As we wrote above, the animal constantly licks and scratches the scrotum area.
- The dog becomes very “shy”. He tries to hide in the farthest and darkest corner so that no one bothers him.
- In the most severe cases, the testicles hurt so much that the animal frenziedly chews and bites them. This is fraught with extremely serious consequences, up to the need for castration.
Treatment regimen for testicular inflammation in dogs
The most common and common treatment for testicular inflammation in dogs is:
- In the most severe cases (usually with purulent orchitis), castration is strongly recommended! The dog will live perfectly without testicles (even longer than with them), but sepsis and / or purulent peritonitis will definitely bring him to the grave.
- If the orchitis is definitely traumatic in nature, then in the first hours from the moment of damage to the testicles, cold can be applied to them. Approximately on the third day after the onset of the first symptoms, paraffin applications can be used. But heat should never be applied in the first hours and days from the moment of injury! This will only worsen the course of the disease.
- With a lighter and more moderate course of the disease, the dog is prescribed shock doses of broad Spectra antibiotics. Sometimes veterinarians prescribe other antimicrobial drugs.
- Also, inflammation can be stopped with the help of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Pain attacks are relieved with appropriate pain relievers.
- To improve the general condition of the dog, accelerate recovery and strengthen its immunity, multivitamin preparations can be used.
- Be sure to carry out novocaine blockade with antibiotics.
Causes of the disease
Orchitis is a rather dangerous disease, without proper treatment, the dog can die.
Orchitis most often begins as a result of local infection of the testes due to trauma or insect bites in the scrotum. Viruses can appear in the testes of a dog and when infected with distemper, or due to inflammatory processes occurring in organs in the immediate vicinity. for example, with prostatitis or cystitis.
The cause can be bacterial infection such as ehrlichiosis, transmitted by tick bites, as well as fungal mycoses (coccidioidomycosis and blastomycosis).
Dermatitis in the scrotum, hernia in the groin, torsion of the spermatic cord, granuloma (formation filled with semen), hydrocele (dropsy of the testicular membranes), and tumors (neoplasia) are risk factors for this disease.
Leptospirosis or brucellosis. dangerous systemic infections that affect the entire body, can also lead to orchitis.
There is autoimmune orchitis, the essence of which is that after injuries or infectious diseases, the body, as a result of the work of the immune system, begins to perceive testicular tissue as foreign, reject it. The result is chronic inflammation of this organ. It is unlikely to cure this form of the disease, since it is difficult to make the immune system work differently.
The most susceptible to the occurrence of orchitis are elderly animals that already have various diseases of the genitourinary tract. The disease is often observed in younger males, walking freely or without proper supervision in the street.
The dog had a fight on the street with a stray animal. Bringing home, he treated all the wounds. The injuries began to heal. A few weeks later, he noticed that it was difficult for him to walk, his activity decreased, and he refused to eat. I went to a veterinary clinic. Diagnosed with testicular inflammation.
An operation was scheduled to remove. The surgery went well and was in the hospital for several days. Antibiotic therapy continued for a month using an anti-inflammatory ointment. Four-legged friend feels great after rehabilitation.
The dog was given as a birthday present. Since then, this is my best friend. Recently I noticed an increase in the testes. The breeders advised homeopathic remedies to relieve inflammation. I treated it for three weeks, it only got worse.
I took it to the veterinary clinic. The removal of two testicles was prescribed because the inflammation was prolonged and the treatment would not help. The operation was unsuccessful, the heart of my four-legged friend could not stand.
The scrotum has become crimson, hot to the touch, painful, the skin is rough and covered with burdocks. At this moment, we were still treating the ears, respectively, injected with antibiotics.
We went to the doctor. After diagnosis, there was an allergic reaction to the drug.
The antibacterial agent was canceled, the body was intoxicated. The scrotum was smeared with gels to eliminate symptoms.
The clinic gave recommendations, using video and photos, about the care and prevention of the health of pets.
Orchitis. inflammation of the testis is not such a common pathology, but left unattended can lead to very serious, irreversible consequences.
Testicular inflammation in dogs. wound, trauma, how to treat
Orchitis is an inflammation of the testes in dogs that is unilateral and bilateral. It affects adults and proceeds unnoticed by the owner. Therefore, it is important to carefully monitor the condition and health of the animal. Scrotal inflammation in dogs, soreness, redness are signs of testicular involvement.
Factors predisposing to inflammation of the testes and the onset of malaise are determined by:
- closed and naked wounds, damage to the epidermis of the scrotum. With trauma of the testes, mechanical compression of the vessels occurs, a violation of the normal outflow of lymph and plasma, therefore, an inflammatory process occurs. Open damage is source of penetration of pathogenic microbes into the reproductive parts of the dog;
- autoimmune disorders predominantly affect the reproductive organs;
- infectious ailments. The consequences of plague, leptospirosis, brucellosis provoke the spread of bacteria and microbes through the plasma and lymphatic system and lead to damage;
- inguinal hernia, torsion of the spermatic cords, pathologies in development and formation lead to impaired blood circulation and an inflammatory process occurs;
- tuberculosis, parasitic lesions are source of reduced immunity and contribute to the reproduction and spread of microorganisms;
- allergic reactions to medicines or food;
- dermatitis of various etiologies provoke damage to the scrotum;
- granuloma, dropsy of the egg, neoplasia can develop inflammation of the testes in dogs;
- diseases of the urinary and reproductive organs;
- bites of ticks, fleas and other insects, which are carriers of many infectious ailments;
- decreased immunity weakens the protective function, as a result of which bacteria are activated and begin to infect internal organs.
The disease occurs in an acute and chronic form, in which the male cannot fertilize the bitch. Therefore, it is important, at the first effects, to contact a veterinarian for diagnosis and qualified therapy.
Orchitis in a dog
Orchitis does not develop lightning fast, and can be both unilateral (with damage to one testis) and bilateral.