What do the ears of a healthy dog look like?
If the dog is healthy, its ears are pale pink. Sometimes a slight sulfuric discharge appears, which protects the animal’s auditory canals from contamination. Dog ears feel cool to the touch. There should be no foreign secretions or unpleasant odors. Peeling of the auricles is also unacceptable. It speaks of deviations from the norm.
Many dogs are very fond of sweets. Some owners, pampering their pet, allow him to eat an extra treat without thinking about the consequences. When a dog has red ears inside, the reason for this is an elementary allergy, which manifests itself not only to sweets, but also to some other foods:
- fish and poultry meat;
- some cereals,
There may also be an individual intolerance to certain food products.
In case of an allergic reaction in a dog, its diet should be changed. In general, the nutrition of a pet should be taken very seriously, because the health of your pet depends on it, and the length of its life.
To relieve an allergic symptom, you need to give the doggie an antihistamine (tavegil or suprastin. the fourth part of the pill), and as soon as the opportunity arises, immediately take the dog to the veterinarian.
6 Causes of Inner Red Ears in Dogs
Red ears in a dog are not uncommon. The hearing organs of a pet are quite vulnerable. The owners often notice that their pets are scratching the auricles from the inside. Looking there, you can see redness, and the ears, in most cases, are hot to the touch. It is not always possible to immediately take your dog to the veterinary hospital, so it is advisable to know the reasons for this phenomenon, and also how to provide first aid to your beloved pet.
A fungal or bacterial infection can also cause redness and swelling of the pinna. Such diseases are no less dangerous than, for example, otitis media or ear mites, because if they are not cured in time, they can lead to complete hearing loss, which will be a tragedy for the dog. You will not be able to identify the pathogen on your own and, accordingly, carry out adequate treatment. In this case, self-medication can lead to disastrous results, so you need to grab your dog in an armful and run to the vet. With these problems, a course of antibiotics is required, which can only be prescribed by a veterinarian.
If a dog has red ears inside and itches, there is no doubt that this is an ear mite, scientifically. otodectosis. This parasite (to fight them) lives in the ear canals of the animal, and in the inner side of the ear. Such insects feed on particles of the epidermis, sulfur deposits and blood, which gives the doggie unpleasant sensations and discomfort. He begins to behave restlessly, rubbing his ears against all the protrusions, itching, whining, and also running and shaking his head.
Combing its ears, the animal inflicts wounds and scratches on itself, as a result of which bald patches and purulent wounds are formed that do not go away for a long time. Dark scabs with a sickening odor form in the ear cavity.
If your pet gets infected with an ear mite, you should contact a specialist as soon as possible and start treatment. The main drugs for this scourge are Aurican, Otovedin, Otibiovin or Mastiet-forte, however, their treatment should be carried out under the supervision of a veterinarian.
Signs of a dog’s hearing problems
A red ear inside a dog is the first sign of a malaise of the animal’s hearing organs. If the dog shakes its head, puts it on its side, constantly scratches the parotid region, there is abundant sulfuric discharge, accompanied by an unpleasant odor, and the ear itself “squishes”, and, among other things, the pet behaves nervously, eats and sleeps poorly, then there is the fact of an animal’s ear disease.
Signs of canine ear diseases are similar to each other, so it is undesirable to self-medicate, but it is better to seek help from a veterinarian who will make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe the necessary treatment.
Common ear conditions in dogs
Why does the dog have red ears inside? There may be several reasons. The most common hearing diseases in an animal are:
- ear mite;
- ingress of a foreign body;
- fungal infections;
- insufficient ventilation of the ear cavity.
Ear inflammation (otitis media) occurs when a dog’s ears have a cold. Otitis media manifests itself as reddening of the auricle on the inside, which is hot to the touch. The dog shakes its head, and an unpleasant odor is sprayed from the ears in different directions, which subsequently turns into purulent discharge. The dog practically does not sleep, does not eat well and looks tired.
Inflammation of the ear is a rather serious sore, which, if not treated promptly, turns into a chronic form, periodically exacerbating in the offseason. Also, otitis media often gives complications, as a result of which the animal runs the risk of hearing loss, less often, the result of these difficulties can be damage to the dog’s brain, which is extremely dangerous. The causes of otitis media can be:
- poor nutrition;
- reduced immunity;
- ear or head injury;
- food allergy.
It is not worth treating ear inflammation on your own. There is no need to risk the life of your pet. If it is not possible to immediately contact a veterinarian in order to alleviate the condition of the animal before visiting the doctor, you can drop Sofradex or Otipax drops into the ears, which will relieve pain and remove itching.
If the dog has red ears inside after every walk in the woods or tall grass, then the reason may lie in one of the types of dermatitis. There are breeds that are prone to contact and foodborne dermatitis from birth. It is characterized by symptoms such as severe itching, redness, and a small rash.
In pugs, English and French Bulldogs, food allergies often manifest as brown discharge from the ears and redness of the skin. The animal tries to scratch problem areas on any surface.
If the pet cannot calm down for a long time and combs the lesions to blood, then you can give him Suprastin or Tavegil before visiting the veterinarian.
Next, let’s talk about otodectosis, which can also lead to the fact that the dog has red ears inside and it shakes its head. Over the course of the process, a thick, coffee-colored discharge with an unpleasant odor appears.
Ear mites are often found in allergy sufferers, so any decrease in immunity (taking antibiotics, chronic diseases) can provoke its activity. Much attention is paid to diagnostics, which includes the collection of scrapings from the auricles and cytology to exclude secondary bacterial and fungal infections.
After confirming the presence of an ear mite, treatment is prescribed, in which the following drugs are often used:
The treatment is long-term, it involves the treatment of all animals in the house. Otherwise, the relapse will not be long in coming. After the end of the course of treatment, a control scraping is taken, in which neither live nor dead ticks should be found.
Red ears inside a dog photo
But, the most common disease that can cause redness of the ears inside a dog is otitis media.
Most often found in breeds with hanging ears and a narrowed ear canal. However, you need to understand that otitis media can be complicated by bacterial or fungal infections, but the reason for its appearance lies in parasites, tumors, allergies or the ingress of a foreign body into the ear canal.
Breeds such as English and French Bulldogs, Shar Pei, Pugs, Dachshunds, Mastiffs are prone to chronic food and contact dermatitis. In these dogs, otitis media is triggered in 90% of cases by allergies. And it can be complicated by bacterial or fungal infections. over, there are cases when bacteria were sown in one ear, fungi in the other.
The symptoms of otitis media usually appear as follows:
- there are discharge from one or both ears at once (mostly brown, less often black);
- there is an unpleasant, offensive odor;
- pet shakes its head;
- combs the area of the ears until it bleeds;
- the temperature rises (the skin “burns”);
- hearing problems appear (stops responding to commands and sounds).
In advanced cases, you may notice that the animal constantly tilts its head to one side.
Treatment of otitis media in each case is individual, begins with the delivery of all tests to establish the causes of its occurrence, and to exclude or confirm secondary infections. An otoscope examination is also required to see if there is inflammation in the middle or inner ear and if the eardrum is intact.
Based on this, the doctor may prescribe the following drugs:
- Otipax (in the form of drops);
- Candibiotic (in the form of drops);
- Unisan (in the form of an ointment);
- Otofa (drops);
- Suprax (oral).
Uncomplicated otitis media can be dealt with with drops, but complicated forms without a systemic antibiotic cannot be cured. An auxiliary and prophylactic agent is considered to be washing the ears with warm nat. solution.
What causes a dog to have red ears inside?
If the dog has reddened inside the ears, but it behaves normally, then there is the likelihood of a mild form of allergy, which could be triggered by contact with some plant. In such cases, usually everything goes away by itself without the use of any drugs.
The situation is more complicated when symptoms such as are present along with redness:
- unpleasant, offensive odor;
- the animal shakes its head;
- you can hear a squelch in your ears;
- discharge is visible even with the naked eye.
If there are such signs, it is better to contact a veterinarian, since it is impossible to determine the pathogen without microscopic examination.
Less often, the ears inside can turn red due to growths or tumors. Warts, polyps and benign tumors (cysts) often appear in this place. Any neoplasm requires a qualified examination by a surgeon for the likelihood of a malignant course.
Only those formations that can close the ear canal (lead to deafness) or have an oncogenic marker are subject to removal.
Precautions and Preventions
Compliance with the rules of hygiene of the ears reduces the likelihood of developing ear diseases.
Regular cleaning of the ear canals will help maintain the auricles in a tidy condition, preventing the growth of pathogenic microflora. For the procedure at home, you need sterile cotton wool, hygiene sticks or cosmetic discs.
For ear care, prophylactic agents are used in the form of solutions, lotions or powders. A small amount of cleaning liquid is applied to a cotton swab and gently wiped over the inside of the auricle. The procedure is carried out 1-2 times a week.
Long-eared breeds need regular combing of the hair of the auricles, as dirt, plant particles and insects accumulate on it. Long-haired dogs with hanging ears need regular grooming.
Prevention of ear diseases includes:
- regular treatment of wool with preparations for fleas, ticks and other blood-sucking parasites;
- anthelmintic therapy;
- strengthening of immunity;
- prevention of exposure to the body of allergens that are part of feed, hygiene products.
After spending time in nature and swimming, you need to examine the ears, assessing the cleanliness of the ear canal and the condition of the skin around it. If the dog is concerned about itching and pain, accompanied by redness, restless behavior and the appearance of pus, the pet is immediately shown to the veterinarian.
The risk group includes representatives of breeds that are characterized by long hanging ears. A large auricle closes the internal channels of the hearing organ, which prevents proper ventilation.
This leads to the accumulation of moisture in the ear, which is a suitable breeding ground for pathogenic microorganisms. fungi and bacteria that provoke inflammation.
The causes of the symptom include ingress of water into the ear canal. In excess fluid, pathogenic bacteria and fungi rapidly multiply, which leads to pain in the ear and redness of the inner part of the auricle.
The bite of a blood-sucking insect (tick, mosquito, midge) or contact with a poisonous plant is manifested by local redness with clear boundaries. This phenomenon is often found in pets that go hunting with their owners.
Redness and pain in the ears of a dog occurs as a reaction to the ingress of a foreign body into the ear canal. an insect, a thorn and other things. The animal behaves restlessly. shakes its head, scratches the affected area, does not sleep and loses its appetite.
What to do
In case of symptoms of ear damage, the dog is immediately shown to the veterinarian.
Features of treatment depend on the cause of redness and itching:
- Water ingress: If several minutes have passed since the liquid entered the ear canal, then the problem can be solved at home. First, the pet’s head is gently tilted to one side so that the affected ear is at the bottom. Then they begin to gently shake the dog’s head, which will help remove water from the ear canal. Finish the procedure by blotting the liquid with a sterile cotton swab wound around a finger or a thin stick. The special absorbent ear powder effectively absorbs water. If the owner cannot help the dog on his own, you need to contact the veterinarian.
- Foreign body: if it is visible with the naked eye, then you can help the pet yourself. Take tweezers with rounded tips and treat the inside of the auricle with a small amount of vegetable oil. A foreign body is delicately removed with an instrument, after which the ear is cleaned with a special prophylactic agent (lotion, solution).
- Insect bite: If your dog is stung in the ear by a bee or a wasp, you need to carefully remove the sting first. A thick paste made from baking soda and water or an antihistamine ointment will help eliminate itching and swelling at the site of the bite.
- Otodectosis: treatment begins with cleaning the ear canal from black plaque and accumulated sulfur. This procedure is performed by a veterinarian. Drops from otodectosis are injected into the cleaned ear canal. Effective drugs include Bars, Otoferonol, Otovedin. Drops are applied according to the scheme prescribed by a specialist. Additionally, antifungal ointments, vitamin complexes are prescribed, which help to strengthen the immune system.
- Bacterial otitis media: The disease is treated with antibiotics. To eliminate itching, pain and redness, anti-inflammatory drops are used, for example, Surolan.
- Otomycosis: first, the exudate in the ear canal is liquefied with peroxide and its remnants are carefully removed with a cotton swab. The cleaned ear canal is treated with 0.2% Fluconazole solution (the treatment regimen is prescribed by a specialist). To prevent recurrence of fungal infection, therapy is prescribed to strengthen the immune system.
- Allergic otitis media: first of all, the effect of the factor that provokes allergy is eliminated. To eliminate itching, swelling and redness, Sofradex is used. Additionally, anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed, for example, Ottipax.
If the applied treatment regimen does not lead to an improvement in the condition of the ears, the pet is shown to a specialist again.
Most often, itching, redness and pain in the ears occur as a symptom of the following diseases:
- bacterial otitis media;
- otomycosis (fungal otitis media);
- allergic otitis media.
Bacterial otitis media is an inflammation of the middle and outer ear caused by a bacterial infection. Affects one or both organs of hearing. It occurs when immunity decreases, fluid enters the ear canal and as a complication of other infectious diseases.
The pet has the following symptoms:
- the auricle turns red and becomes hot to the touch;
- neck muscles tense;
- the dog tilts its head to one side;
- the animal does not allow touching the affected ear. runs away, shows aggression.
Cropped Ears vs. Natural Ears: Which is Better?
With a complicated course of the disease, purulent discharge from the ear canal appears. Body temperature rises to 39-40 ° C.
Otodectosis occurs in young dogs. The parasitic mite that infects the ears feeds on the animal’s lymph. A microscopic insect on the inner side of the auricle gnaws at the passages in which it lays eggs. Here the tick goes through all stages of development, parasitizing on the animal. The causative agent of otodectosis also affects other parts of the body. The disease is transmitted from infected animals to healthy animals. A dog can catch otodectosis from cats, birds, and other pets.
The defeat is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- black discharge from the ears;
- bad smell from the ears.
Launched otodectosis provokes necrosis of the eardrum, which leads to hearing loss. Severe damage to the ear canal increases the risk of meningitis.
Fungal otitis media develops due to reduced immunity after serious illness, antibiotic therapy, stress and surgery. These factors provoke the active reproduction of pathogenic fungi in the auricles, which is manifested by:
- local redness;
- yellow bloom;
- moldy smell.
Allergic otitis media occurs as a reaction to feed components, hygiene products, veterinary drugs. Allergy causes:
- rapid redness of the skin of the inner part of the ear;
- local edema;
- small rash;
- severe itching.
Rapid onset of symptoms provokes pet’s restless behavior.
Why does a dog have red ears and itch??
Let’s talk about diseases that can cause a dog’s ear to turn red inside.
What to do to help your pet get rid of itching and pain in the ears.
Pain, skin irritation and itching in the ears of a dog indicate the development of diseases of a bacterial, parasitic and fungal nature, requiring timely and proper treatment. These symptoms also occur when water or a foreign body enters the ear canal, in such cases, emergency assistance from a specialist is needed.
All drugs used in the treatment of ear diseases are prescribed only by a veterinarian. Self-medication can cause irreparable harm to the dog’s health.!
The dog had a fight on the street with a stray animal. Bringing home, he treated all the wounds. The injuries began to heal. A few weeks later, he noticed that it was difficult for him to walk, his activity decreased, and he refused to eat. I went to a veterinary clinic. Diagnosed with testicular inflammation.
An operation was scheduled to remove. The surgery went well and was in the hospital for several days. Antibiotic therapy continued for a month using an anti-inflammatory ointment. Four-legged friend feels great after rehabilitation.
The dog was given as a birthday present. Since then, this is my best friend. Recently I noticed an increase in the testes. The breeders advised homeopathic remedies to relieve inflammation. I treated it for three weeks, it only got worse.
I took it to the veterinary clinic. They prescribed the removal of two testicles, because the inflammation was prolonged and the treatment would not help. The operation was unsuccessful, the heart of my four-legged friend could not stand.
The scrotum has become crimson, hot to the touch, painful, the skin is rough and covered with burdocks. At this moment, we were still treating the ears, respectively, injected with antibiotics.
We went to the doctor. After diagnosis, there was an allergic reaction to the drug.
The antibacterial agent was canceled, the body was intoxicated. The scrotum was smeared with gels to eliminate symptoms.
The clinic gave recommendations, using video and photos, about the care and prevention of the health of pets.
Orchitis. inflammation of the testis is not such a common pathology, but left unattended can lead to very serious, irreversible consequences.
Inflammation of the testicles occurs in adult males. Common causes are scrotal injuries, insect bites, and infections that cause cystitis and prostatitis. Additional causes. testicular torsion, granuloma, dermatitis, inguinal hernia, microbial infection during mating.
The disease sometimes reveals an autoimmune nature: the tissue of the testes is foreign to the immune system. The autoimmune process develops after injury or infection. There is a greater risk of developing the disease in free-range dogs, with diseases of the genitourinary system, in older males. Self-medication is dangerous.
- The scrotum swells and turns red, gives the animal anxiety, the pet often licks itself.
- Touching and feeling the testicles is very painful.
- Fever rises, sometimes intermittent fever begins.
- Testes feel warmer than usual.
- The animal refuses to eat, stops playing, avoids walking, sits down or lies down very carefully, clearly straining its hind legs, sleeps a lot.
The listed symptoms are characteristic of acute orchitis. In the case of chronic inflammation, external manifestations are not noted, as a result, the owners notice the disease late. Gradually, testicular tissue is replaced by scar tissue, which leads to infertility.
Without treatment, the disease can lead to complications, cause an abscess, with an infectious nature. to sepsis and death of the animal. Inflammation directly threatens the reproductive function of the dog, in most cases, after the transferred pathology, the dog becomes infertile or the dog has to be castrated.
Therapy for inflammation of the testicles and scrotum consists of:
Dog Ear Infections: DIY Remedies That Work
- The use of antibiotics is broadly Spectra of action. Such as the:
Assign at least seven days intramuscularly.
- The use of fluoroquinols. Such as the:
- In case of injury, damage, pain relievers are used, as well as novocaine blockade.
- In case of abscess conditions, an abscess is opened, washed from exudate with antibacterial solutions. Drainage.
- The acute form and treatment not provided on time is solved surgically. Manipulation is performed to remove one or two testes.
- An injection of drugs that remove toxins and support cardiac capacity is given. Such as the:
- Corticosteroids to relieve inflammation. Preparations:
- For the treatment of autoimmune lesions, agents that suppress the protective reaction are used. Medicines:
- Antifungal treatment.
- Cooling compresses.
- Taking immunostimulants.
Injections are recommended for therapy. After administration, they are rapidly absorbed and spread through the circulatory system, acting on the source of infection.
The use of tablets increases the duration of therapy and does not always give a positive result. It is not recommended to treat at home. Self-therapy can lead to fatal outcome and loss of a four-legged friend.
As a warning of malaise, experts recommend following the rules:
- Timely carry out treatment in the presence of infectious, viral, bacterial diseases.
- Vaccinate according to the vaccination schedule.
- The diet should be balanced and contain vitamins and minerals.
- Avoid contact with stray, dirty animals.
- Regularly treat with anthelmintic agents.
- Visit your veterinarian on time for a full examination and recommendations.
- Keep your pet clean and warm.
- Walking should be at least an hour in the fresh air.
- Monitor the condition of the skin, coat of a four-legged friend.
- Treat regularly from exposure to arthropod parasites.
- Eliminate hypothermia, drafts, being in cold damp areas.
- Permanent reproductive hygiene.
Causes of pathology
Orchitis is usually divided due to the occurrence of:
- Traumatic. Such orchitis occurs with various kinds of traumatic injuries in the scrotum (bruises, bites, infringement, compression, tears, cuts);
- Bacterial, local in nature. In this case, the pathogenic microflora with inflammation of any urogenital organ moves into the testis, and continues to multiply already in its tissues, causing inflammation;
- Systemic. Infectious diseases affecting the body as a whole, including the testes (leptospirosis, brucellosis).
After a fight, traumatic orchitis may appear.
Causes of the disease
Orchitis is a rather dangerous disease, without proper treatment, the dog can die.
Orchitis most often begins as a result of local infection of the testes due to trauma or insect bites in the scrotum. Viruses can appear in the testes of a dog and when infected with distemper, or due to inflammatory processes occurring in organs in the immediate vicinity. for example, with prostatitis or cystitis.
The cause can be bacterial infection such as ehrlichiosis, transmitted by tick bites, as well as fungal mycoses (coccidioidomycosis and blastomycosis).
Dermatitis in the scrotum, hernia in the groin, torsion of the spermatic cord, granuloma (formation filled with semen), hydrocele (dropsy of the testicular membranes), and tumors (neoplasia) are risk factors for this disease.
Leptospirosis or brucellosis. dangerous systemic infections that affect the entire body, can also lead to orchitis.
There is autoimmune orchitis, the essence of which is that after injuries or infectious diseases, the body, as a result of the work of the immune system, begins to perceive testicular tissue as foreign, reject it. The result is chronic inflammation of this organ. It is unlikely to cure this form of the disease, since it is difficult to make the immune system work differently.
The most susceptible to the occurrence of orchitis are elderly animals that already have various diseases of the genitourinary tract. The disease is often observed in younger males, walking freely or without proper supervision in the street.
To identify the disease, as well as to exclude oncological neoplasms of the testicles, it is necessary to conduct studies, which include:
- examination and collection of anamnesis from the owner;
- general and detailed blood and urine tests;
- ultrasound examination of the reproductive organs;
- biopsy of the affected area;
- swabs from open wounds to identify the pathogen;
- examination for allergens;
- bacterial diagnostics of semen and testicular fluid.
Testicles in dogs
The following preventive measures will reliably prevent the development of orchitis:
- The animal must be vaccinated in a timely manner.
- A mandatory requirement is to prevent pet contacts with stray animals.
- If it is very cold outside, they do not walk with the dog for a long time. Street dogs must be provided with an insulated booth.
Orchitis is a disease that occurs in a male dog as a result of an inflammatory process in the testicle.
In most cases, the disease occurs in animals at the age of four years, regardless of the breed and size of the animal.
The disease can proceed in both acute and chronic form, have unilateral or bilateral development, be accompanied by inflammation of the appendages. it all depends on individual factors. The acute form is more common. With a chronic nature, the disease is more difficult to detect. it develops slowly, leading to scarring of the testes and, as a result, to infertility.
In any case, it is important to identify and treat the disease in time, since the consequences of orchitis without proper treatment are infertility or sepsis, leading to the death of the animal.